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First Substitute H.B. 235
6 Cosponsors:Glenn A. DonnelsonKerry W. Gibson 7
8 LONG TITLE
9 General Description:
10 This bill amends provisions of the Utah Criminal Code relating to abortion.
11 Highlighted Provisions:
12 This bill:
13 . provides that no person may perform an abortion, unless:
14 . it is necessary in order to avert a woman's death or to avert a serious risk to a
15 woman of substantial and irreversible impairment of a major bodily function; or
16 . the woman is pregnant as the result of incest or rape that is reported to law
17 enforcement before the abortion is performed, and the abortion is performed
18 before the unborn child is viable to survive outside the woman's womb;
19 . addresses the confidentiality of the name of a victim of incest or rape;
20 . provides a severability clause;
21 . provides that the law relating to abortion in Utah that was in effect prior to the
22 effective date of this bill shall be in effect during any stay or court order prohibiting
23 the provisions described in the preceding paragraphs from being implemented;
24 . enables the Abortion Litigation Trust Account to be utilized for the legal defense of
25 the provisions of this bill; and
26 . makes technical changes.
27 Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
29 Other Special Clauses:
31 Utah Code Sections Affected:
33 76-7-302, as last amended by Chapter 90, Laws of Utah 2004
34 76-7-317.1, as enacted by Chapter 288, Laws of Utah 1991
36 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
37 Section 1. Section 76-7-302 is amended to read:
38 76-7-302. Circumstances under which abortion authorized.
39 (1) An abortion may be performed in this state only by a physician licensed to practice
40 medicine under Title 58, Chapter 67, Utah Medical Practice Act or an osteopathic physician
41 licensed to practice medicine under Title 58, Chapter 68, Utah Osteopathic Medical Practice
42 Act and, if performed 90 days or more after the commencement of the pregnancy as defined by
43 competent medical practices, it shall be performed in a hospital.
44 (2) No person may perform an abortion unless:
45 (a) a medical condition exists that, on the basis of the attending physician's good faith
46 clinical judgment, so complicates the medical condition of a woman as to necessitate the
47 abortion of her pregnancy to avert:
48 (i) the woman's death; or
49 (ii) a serious risk of substantial and irreversible impairment of a major bodily function
50 of the woman; or
51 (b) (i) the woman upon whom the abortion is performed is pregnant as a result of:
52 (A) incest, as defined in Subsection 76-5-406 (10) or Section 76-7-102 ;
53 (B) rape, as defined in Section 76-5-402 ; or
54 (C) rape of a child, as defined in Section 76-5-402.1 ;
55 (ii) the incident described in Subsection (2)(b)(i) is reported to a law enforcement
56 agency before the abortion is performed; and
57 (iii) the abortion is performed before the unborn child is viable to survive outside the
58 woman's womb.
59 (3) The name of a victim of an incident reported to law enforcement under Subsection
60 (2)(b) is confidential and may not be disclosed by law enforcement or any other person, unless
61 the disclosure:
62 (a) is approved by the victim;
63 (b) is permitted or required under Section 76-7-304 or Section 76-7-304.5 ; or
64 (c) is required by law or court order.
65 (4) If any one or more provision, subsection, sentence, clause, phrase or word of this
66 section or the application thereof to any person or circumstance is found to be unconstitutional,
67 the same is hereby declared to be severable and the balance of this section shall remain
68 effective notwithstanding such unconstitutionality. The Legislature hereby declares that it
69 would have passed this section, and each provision, subsection, sentence, clause, phrase, or
70 word thereof, irrespective of the fact that any one or more provision, subsection, sentence,
71 clause, phrase, or word be declared unconstitutional.
72 (5) If the implementation of Subsections (2) through (4) is stayed or otherwise ordered
73 by a court of competent jurisdiction to not be implemented, beginning on the day on which the
74 implementation of Subsections (2) through (4) is stayed or otherwise ordered not to be
75 implemented, and ending on the day on which a court of competent jurisdiction lifts the stay or
76 orders that Subsections (2) through (4) may be implemented, the provisions of Subsection (6)
77 shall apply.
79 (a) Except as otherwise provided by case law that is binding on the state, an abortion
80 may be performed in this state only under the following circumstances:
82 abortion is necessary to save the pregnant woman's life;
84 76-5-402 and 76-5-402.1 , that was reported to a law enforcement agency prior to the abortion;
86 Section 76-7-102 , and the incident was reported to a law enforcement agency prior to the
89 prevent grave damage to the pregnant woman's medical health; or
91 prevent the birth of a child that would be born with grave defects.
93 abortion may be performed only for those purposes and circumstances described in Subsections
96 or (iii) is confidential and may not be revealed by law enforcement or any other party except
97 upon approval of the victim. [
98 (7) Subsection (6) does not [
99 requirements otherwise provided by law.
100 Section 2. Section 76-7-317.1 is amended to read:
101 76-7-317.1. Creation of Abortion Litigation Trust Account.
102 (1) (a) There is created in the General Fund a restricted account known as the Abortion
103 Litigation Trust Account. All money received by the state from private sources for litigation
104 expenses connected with the defense of Senate Bill 23, passed in the 1991 Annual General
105 Session, or 1st Substitute House Bill 235, passed in the 2007 Annual General Session, shall be
106 deposited in that account.
107 (b) On behalf of the Abortion Litigation Trust Account, the Division of Finance may
108 accept grants, gifts, bequests, or any money made available from any private sources to
109 implement this section.
110 (2) Money shall be appropriated by the Legislature from the account to the Office of
111 the Attorney General under Title 63, Chapter 38, Budgetary Procedures Act.
112 (3) The Abortion Litigation Trust Account may be used only for costs, expenses, and
113 attorneys fees connected with the defense of the abortion [
115 (4) Any funds remaining in the abortion litigation trust account after final appellate
116 procedures shall revert to the General Fund, to be first used to offset the monies expended by
117 the state in connection with litigation regarding Senate Bill 23 or House Bill 235.
Legislative Review Note
as of 1-30-07 11:58 AM
As required by legislative rule and practice, the Office of Legislative Research and General
Counsel provides the following legislative review note to assist the Legislature in making its
own determination as to the constitutionality of the bill. The note is based on an analysis of
relevant state and federal constitutional law as applied to the bill. The note is not written for
the purpose of influencing whether the bill should become law, but is written to provide
information relevant to legislators' consideration of this bill. The note is not a substitute for the
judgment of the judiciary, which has authority to determine the constitutionality of a law in the
context of a specific case.
The United States Supreme Court has held that a woman has a constitutional right to a
pre-viability abortion without undue interference from the state. Roe v. Wade, 410 U.S. 113
(1973) and Planned Parenthood v. Casey, 505 U.S. 833, 846 (1992). The United States
Supreme Court has also held that a state has power to restrict post-viability abortions, if the law
contains exceptions for pregnancies which endanger the woman's life or health. Planned
Parenthood v. Casey, 505 U.S. 833, 846 (1992). Under these cases, there is a high probability
that a court would hold that this bill unduly interferes with a woman's right to a pre-viability
abortion by restricting such abortions to pregnancies that resulted from incest or rape, or where
an abortion is necessary in order to avert a woman's death or a serious risk to a woman of
substantial and irreversible impairment of a major bodily function.