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H.B. 31

This document includes Senate 2nd Reading Floor Amendments incorporated into the bill on Thu, Feb 7, 2008 at 11:55 AM by rday. -->              1     

CHILD WELFARE DEFINITIONS

             2     
2008 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Chief Sponsor: Wayne A. Harper

             5     
Senate Sponsor: Margaret Dayton

             6     
             7      LONG TITLE
             8      Committee Note:
             9          The Health and Human Services Interim Committee recommended this bill.
             10          The Child Welfare Legislative Oversight Panel recommended this bill.
             11      General Description:
             12          This bill amends definitions and related provisions in the Child and Family Services
             13      chapter of the Utah Human Services Code and in the Juvenile Court Act of 1996.
             14      Highlighted Provisions:
             15          This bill:
             16          .    eliminates overlapping portions of definitions;
             17          .    modifies definitions;
             18          .    adds new definitions;
             19          .    simplifies and consolidates definitions;
             20          .    establishes consistency between definitions in the Child and Family Services
             21      chapter of the Utah Human Services Code and the Juvenile Court Act of 1996;
             22          .    modifies portions of the Child and Family Services chapter of the Utah Human
             23      Services Code and the Juvenile Court Act of 1996 to conform with the changes to,
             24      and addition of, definitions in this bill; and
             25          .    makes technical changes.
             26      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             27          None


             28      Other Special Clauses:
             29           S. [ None ] This bill coordinates with H.B. 78 by providing technical amendments. .S
             30      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             31      AMENDS:
             32          62A-4a-101, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapters 75, and 281
             33          62A-4a-107.5, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2000, Chapter 290
             34          62A-4a-113, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2002, Chapter 149
             35          62A-4a-201, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapter 75
             36          62A-4a-202.4, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1998, Chapter 263
             37          62A-4a-202.6, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapter 55
             38          62A-4a-203, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapter 75
             39          62A-4a-301, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 1994, Chapter 260
             40          62A-4a-302, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 1994, Chapter 260
             41          62A-4a-303, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 1994, Chapter 260
             42          62A-4a-304, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1996, Chapter 242
             43          62A-4a-305, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 1994, Chapter 260
             44          62A-4a-306, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 1994, Chapter 260
             45          62A-4a-309, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2000, Chapter 321
             46          62A-4a-311, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2003, Chapter 246
             47          62A-4a-401, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 1994, Chapter 260
             48          62A-4a-402, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapter 281
             49          62A-4a-403, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1999, Chapter 21
             50          62A-4a-405, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 1994, Chapter 260
             51          62A-4a-406, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 1994, Chapter 260
             52          62A-4a-409, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapter 75
             53          62A-4a-411, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 1994, Chapter 260
             54          62A-4a-412, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapters 77, and 281
             55          62A-4a-414, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 169
             56          62A-4a-802, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2002, Chapter 246
             57          62A-4a-1002, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapter 77
             58          62A-4a-1003, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 152


             59          62A-4a-1005, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapter 77
             60          62A-4a-1006, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapter 77
             61          62A-4a-1007, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapter 77
             62          62A-4a-1009, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapter 77
             63          62A-4a-1010, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapter 77
             64          76-7-304, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapter 207
             65          78-3a-103, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapters 75, 97, and 281
             66          78-3a-301, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 111
             67          78-3a-306, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 169
             68          78-3a-307.1, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 152
             69          78-3a-311, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapters 75, and 97
             70          78-3a-314, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 152
             71          78-3a-318, as enacted by Laws of Utah 1996, Chapter 1 and last amended by Laws of
             72      Utah 1996, Chapter 318
             73          78-3a-403, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1996, Chapter 318
             74          78-3a-407, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapter 281
             75          78-3a-408, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2005, Chapter 95
             76          78-3a-801, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 81
             77     
             78      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             79          Section 1. Section 62A-4a-101 is amended to read:
             80           62A-4a-101. Definitions.
             81          As used in this chapter:
             82          [(1) (a) "Abuse" means:]
             83          [(i) actual or threatened nonaccidental physical or mental harm;]
             84          [(ii) negligent treatment;]
             85          [(iii) sexual exploitation; or]
             86          [(iv) any sexual abuse.]
             87          [(b) "Abuse" does not include:]
             88          [(i) reasonable discipline or management of a child, including withholding privileges;]
             89          [(ii) conduct described in Section 76-2-401 ; or]


             90          [(iii) the use of reasonable and necessary physical restraint or force on a child:]
             91          [(A) in self-defense;]
             92          [(B) in defense of others;]
             93          [(C) to protect the child; or]
             94          [(D) to remove a weapon in the possession of a child for any of the reasons described
             95      in Subsections (1)(b)(iii)(A) through (C).]
             96          (1) "Abuse" is as defined in Section 78-3a-103 .
             97          (2) "Adoption services" means:
             98          (a) placing children for adoption;
             99          (b) subsidizing adoptions under Section 62A-4a-105 ;
             100          (c) supervising adoption placements until the adoption is finalized by the court;
             101          (d) conducting adoption studies;
             102          (e) preparing adoption reports upon request of the court; and
             103          (f) providing postadoptive placement services, upon request of a family, for the
             104      purpose of stabilizing a possible disruptive placement.
             105          (3) "Board" means the Board of Child and Family Services established in accordance
             106      with Sections 62A-1-105 , 62A-1-107 , and 62A-4a-102 .
             107          (4) "Child" means, except as provided in Part 7, Interstate Compact on Placement of
             108      Children, a person under 18 years of age.
             109          (5) "Consumer" means a person who receives services offered by the division in
             110      accordance with this chapter.
             111          (6) "Chronic [physical] abuse" means repeated or patterned [physical] abuse.
             112          (7) "Chronic neglect" means [a] repeated or patterned [failure or refusal by a parent,
             113      guardian, or custodian to provide necessary care for a child's safety, morals, or well-being]
             114      neglect.
             115          [(8) "Chronic emotional abuse" means repeated or patterned emotional abuse.]
             116          [(9)] (8) "Custody," with regard to the division, means the custody of a minor in the
             117      division as of the date of disposition.
             118          [(10)] (9) "Day-care services" means care of a child for a portion of the day which is
             119      less than 24 hours:
             120          (a) in the child's own home by a responsible person; or


             121          (b) outside of the child's home in a:
             122          (i) day-care center;
             123          (ii) family group home; or
             124          (iii) family child care home.
             125          [(11)] (10) "Dependent child" or "dependency" means a child, or the condition of a
             126      child, who is homeless or without proper care through no fault of the child's parent, guardian,
             127      or custodian.
             128          [(12)] (11) "Director" means the director of the Division of Child and Family Services.
             129          [(13)] (12) "Division" means the Division of Child and Family Services.
             130          [(14) (a)] (13) "Domestic violence services" means:
             131          [(i)] (a) temporary shelter, treatment, and related services to [persons who are victims
             132      of abuse and their dependent children; and]:
             133          (i) a person who is a victim of abuse, as defined in Section 30-6-1 ; and
             134          (ii) the dependent children of a person described in Subsection (13)(a)(i); and
             135          [(ii)] (b) treatment services for [domestic violence perpetrators. (b) As used in this
             136      Subsection (14): (i) "abuse" means the same as that term is defined in Section 30-6-1 ; and (ii)
             137      "domestic violence perpetrator" means] a person who is alleged to have committed, has been
             138      convicted of, or has pled guilty to, an act of domestic violence as defined in Section 77-36-1 .
             139          (14) "Harm" is as defined in Section 78-3a-103 .
             140          (15) "Homemaking service" means the care of individuals in their domiciles, and help
             141      given to individual caretaker relatives to achieve improved household and family management
             142      through the services of a trained homemaker.
             143          (16) "Incest" is as defined in Section 78-3a-103 .
             144          [(16)] (17) "Minor" means, except as provided in Part 7, Interstate Compact on
             145      Placement of Children:
             146          (a) a child; or
             147          (b) a person:
             148          (i) who is at least 18 years of age and younger than 21 years of age; and
             149          (ii) for whom the division has been specifically ordered by the juvenile court to provide
             150      services.
             151          (18) "Molestation" is as defined in Section 78-3a-103 .


             152          [(17)] (19) "Natural parent" means a minor's biological or adoptive parent, and
             153      includes a minor's noncustodial parent.
             154          [(18) (a) "Neglect" means:]
             155          [(i) abandonment of a child, except as provided in Part 8, Safe Relinquishment of a
             156      Newborn Child;]
             157          [(ii) subjecting a child to mistreatment or abuse;]
             158          [(iii) lack of proper parental care by reason of the fault or habits of the parent,
             159      guardian, or custodian;]
             160          [(iv) failure or refusal of a parent, guardian, or custodian to provide proper or necessary
             161      subsistence, education, or medical care, including surgery or psychiatric services when
             162      required, or any other care necessary for the child's health, safety, morals, or well-being; or]
             163          [(v) a child at risk of being neglected or abused because another child in the same
             164      home is neglected or abused.]
             165          [(b) The aspect of neglect relating to education, described in Subsection (18)(a)(iv),
             166      means that, after receiving notice that a child has been frequently absent from school without
             167      good cause, or that the child has failed to cooperate with school authorities in a reasonable
             168      manner, a parent or guardian fails to make a good faith effort to ensure that the child receives
             169      an appropriate education.]
             170          [(c) A parent or guardian legitimately practicing religious beliefs and who, for that
             171      reason, does not provide specified medical treatment for a child, is not guilty of neglect.]
             172          [(d) (i) Notwithstanding Subsection (18)(a), a health care decision made for a child by
             173      the child's parent or guardian does not constitute neglect unless the state or other party to the
             174      proceeding shows, by clear and convincing evidence, that the health care decision is not
             175      reasonable and informed.]
             176          [(ii) Nothing in Subsection (18)(d)(i) may prohibit a parent or guardian from exercising
             177      the right to obtain a second health care opinion.]
             178          (20) "Neglect is as defined in Section 78-3a-103 .
             179          [(19)] (21) "Protective custody," with regard to the division, means the shelter of a
             180      child by the division from the time the child is removed from the child's home until the earlier
             181      of:
             182          (a) the shelter hearing; or


             183          (b) the child's return home.
             184          [(20)] (22) "Protective services" means expedited services that are provided:
             185          (a) in response to evidence of neglect, abuse, or dependency of a child;
             186          (b) to a cohabitant who is neglecting or abusing a child, in order to:
             187          (i) help the cohabitant develop recognition of the cohabitant's duty of care and of the
             188      causes of neglect or abuse; and
             189          (ii) strengthen the cohabitant's ability to provide safe and acceptable care; and
             190          (c) in cases where the child's welfare is endangered:
             191          (i) to bring the situation to the attention of the appropriate juvenile court and law
             192      enforcement agency;
             193          (ii) to cause a protective order to be issued for the protection of the child, when
             194      appropriate; and
             195          (iii) to protect the child from the circumstances that endanger the child's welfare
             196      including, when appropriate:
             197          (A) removal from the child's home;
             198          (B) placement in substitute care; and
             199          (C) petitioning the court for termination of parental rights.
             200          (23) "Severe abuse" is as defined in Section 78-3a-103 .
             201          [(21)] (24) "Severe neglect" [means neglect that causes or threatens to cause serious
             202      harm to a child] is as defined in Section 78-3a-103 .
             203          (25) "Sexual abuse" is as defined in Section 78-3a-103 .
             204          (26) "Sexual exploitation" is as defined in Section 78-3a-103 .
             205          [(22)] (27) "Shelter care" means the temporary care of a minor in a nonsecure facility.
             206          [(23)] (28) "State" means:
             207          (a) a state of the United States;
             208          (b) the District of Columbia;
             209          (c) the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico;
             210          (d) the Virgin Islands;
             211          (e) Guam;
             212          (f) the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands; or
             213          (g) a territory or possession administered by the United States.


             214          [(24) "Severe emotional abuse" means emotional abuse that causes or threatens to
             215      cause serious harm to a child.]
             216          [(25) "Severe physical abuse" means physical abuse that causes or threatens to cause
             217      serious harm to a child.]
             218          [(26)] (29) "State plan" means the written description of the programs for children,
             219      youth, and family services administered by the division in accordance with federal law.
             220          [(27)] (30) "Status offense" means a violation of the law that would not be a violation
             221      but for the age of the offender.
             222          (31) "Substance abuse" is as defined in Section 78-3a-103 .
             223          [(28)] (32) "Substantiated" or "substantiation" means a judicial finding based on a
             224      preponderance of the evidence that abuse or neglect occurred. Each allegation made or
             225      identified in a given case shall be considered separately in determining whether there should be
             226      a finding of substantiated.
             227          [(29)] (33) "Substitute care" means:
             228          (a) the placement of a minor in a family home, group care facility, or other placement
             229      outside the minor's own home, either at the request of a parent or other responsible relative, or
             230      upon court order, when it is determined that continuation of care in the minor's own home
             231      would be contrary to the minor's welfare;
             232          (b) services provided for a minor awaiting placement; and
             233          (c) the licensing and supervision of a substitute care facility.
             234          [(30)] (34) "Supported" means a finding by the division based on the evidence
             235      available at the completion of an investigation that there is a reasonable basis to conclude that
             236      abuse, neglect, or dependency occurred. Each allegation made or identified during the course
             237      of the investigation shall be considered separately in determining whether there should be a
             238      finding of supported.
             239          [(31)] (35) "Temporary custody," with regard to the division, means the custody of a
             240      child in the division from the date of the shelter hearing until disposition.
             241          [(32)] (36) "Transportation services" means travel assistance given to an individual
             242      with escort service, if necessary, to and from community facilities and resources as part of a
             243      service plan.
             244          [(33)] (37) "Unsubstantiated" means a judicial finding that there is insufficient


             245      evidence to conclude that abuse or neglect occurred.
             246          [(34)] (38) "Unsupported" means a finding at the completion of an investigation that
             247      there is insufficient evidence to conclude that abuse, neglect, or dependency occurred.
             248      However, a finding of unsupported means also that the division worker did not conclude that
             249      the allegation was without merit.
             250          [(35)] (39) "Without merit" means a finding at the completion of an investigation by
             251      the division, or a judicial finding, that the alleged abuse, neglect, or dependency did not occur,
             252      or that the alleged perpetrator was not responsible for the abuse, neglect, or dependency.
             253          Section 2. Section 62A-4a-107.5 is amended to read:
             254           62A-4a-107.5. Private recruitment and training of foster care parents and child
             255      welfare volunteers -- Extension of immunity.
             256          (1) The division may contract with one or more private, nonprofit organizations to
             257      recruit and train foster care parents and child welfare volunteers on a statewide or regional
             258      basis.
             259          (2) An organization that contracts with the division pursuant to Subsection (1) shall
             260      agree to:
             261          (a) increase the number of licensed and trained foster care parents in the geographic
             262      area covered by:
             263          (i) developing a strategic plan;
             264          (ii) assessing the needs, perceptions, and qualities of potential foster care parents;
             265          (iii) assessing the needs, perceptions, and qualities of children in state custody;
             266          (iv) identifying potential foster care parents through public and private resources;
             267          (v) screening foster care parent applicants;
             268          (vi) providing preservice, ongoing, and customized training to foster care parents;
             269          (vii) developing a competency-based training curriculum with input from public and
             270      private resources and approved by the division;
             271          (viii) focusing training exercises on skill development; and
             272          (ix) supporting foster care parents by supplying staff support, identifying common
             273      issues, encouraging peer support, and connecting available resources;
             274          (b) increase the number of child welfare volunteers in the geographical area covered
             275      by:


             276          (i) developing a strategic plan;
             277          (ii) seeking the participation of established volunteer organizations;
             278          (iii) designing and offering initial orientation sessions to child welfare volunteers;
             279          (iv) informing volunteers of options for service as specified by the division; and
             280          (v) facilitating the placement and certification of child welfare volunteers;
             281          (c) coordinate efforts, where appropriate, with the division;
             282          (d) seek private contributions in furtherance of the organization's activities under this
             283      Subsection (2);
             284          (e) perform other related services and activities as may be required by the division; and
             285          (f) establish a system for evaluating performance and obtaining feedback on the
             286      activities performed pursuant to this Subsection (2).
             287          (3) Notwithstanding Subsection (2), the department shall retain ultimate authority over
             288      and responsibility for:
             289          (a) initial and ongoing training content, material, curriculum, and techniques, and
             290      certification standards used by an organization; and
             291          (b) screening, investigation, licensing, certification, referral, and placement decisions
             292      with respect to any person recruited or trained by an organization.
             293          (4) (a) An organization under contract with the department and its directors, trustees,
             294      officers, employees, and agents, whether compensated or not, may not be held civilly liable for
             295      any act or omission on a matter for which the department retains ultimate authority and
             296      responsibility under Subsection (3).
             297          (b) Nothing in Subsection (4)(a) may be construed as altering the [child] abuse and
             298      neglect reporting requirements of Section 62A-4a-403 , regardless of whether the facts that give
             299      rise to such a report occur before or after a screening, investigation, licensing, or placement
             300      decision of the department.
             301          (5) A referring entity or a referring individual that voluntarily and without
             302      remuneration assists the organization to identify and recruit foster care parents or child welfare
             303      volunteers is not liable in any civil action for any act or omission of:
             304          (a) the referring entity or the referring individual, which is performed in good faith and
             305      in furtherance of the entity's assistance to the organization; or
             306          (b) any person directly or indirectly referred to the organization by the entity as a foster


             307      care parent or child welfare volunteer, if the referring individual was without actual knowledge
             308      of any substantiated fact that would have disqualified the person from such a position at the
             309      time the referral was made.
             310          (6) As used in this section:
             311          (a) "referring entity" means:
             312          (i) an incorporated or unincorporated organization or association whether formally
             313      incorporated or otherwise established and operating for religious, charitable, or educational
             314      purposes which does not distribute any of its income or assets to its members, directors,
             315      officers, or other participants;
             316          (ii) any organization which is described in Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue
             317      Code of 1986 and is exempt from tax under Section 501 of the Internal Revenue Code; or
             318          (iii) any not-for-profit organization which is formed and conducted for public benefit
             319      and operated primarily for charitable, civic, educational, religious, benevolent, welfare, or
             320      health purposes; and
             321          (b) "referring individual" means an individual:
             322          (i) with the authority to act on behalf of a referring entity in making a referral; and
             323          (ii) who may or may not be compensated by the referring entity.
             324          Section 3. Section 62A-4a-113 is amended to read:
             325           62A-4a-113. Division's enforcement authority -- Responsibility of attorney
             326      general to represent division.
             327          (1) The division shall take legal action that is necessary to enforce the provisions of
             328      this chapter.
             329          (2) (a) Subject to the provisions of Section 67-5-17 , the attorney general shall enforce
             330      all provisions of this chapter, in addition to the requirements of Title 78, Chapter 3a, Juvenile
             331      Court Act of 1996, relating to protection and custody of abused, neglected, or dependent
             332      minors. The attorney general may contract with the local county attorney to enforce the
             333      provisions of this chapter and Title 78, Chapter 3a, Juvenile Court Act of 1996.
             334          (b) It is the responsibility of the attorney general's office to:
             335          (i) advise the division regarding decisions to remove a minor from the minor's home;
             336          (ii) represent the division in all court and administrative proceedings related to [child]
             337      abuse, neglect, and dependency including, but not limited to, shelter hearings, dispositional


             338      hearings, dispositional review hearings, periodic review hearings, and petitions for termination
             339      of parental rights; and
             340          (iii) be available to and advise caseworkers on an ongoing basis.
             341          (c) The attorney general shall designate no less than 16 full-time attorneys to advise
             342      and represent the division in abuse, neglect, and dependency proceedings, including petitions
             343      for termination of parental rights. Those attorneys shall devote their full time and attention to
             344      that representation and, insofar as it is practicable, shall be housed in or near various offices of
             345      the division statewide.
             346          (3) As of July 1, 1998, the attorney general's office shall represent the division with
             347      regard to actions involving minors who have not been adjudicated as abused or neglected, but
             348      who are otherwise committed to the custody of the division by the juvenile court, and who are
             349      classified in the division's management information system as having been placed in custody
             350      primarily on the basis of delinquent behavior or a status offense. Nothing in this section may
             351      be construed to affect the responsibility of the county attorney or district attorney to represent
             352      the state in those matters, in accordance with Section 78-3a-116 .
             353          Section 4. Section 62A-4a-201 is amended to read:
             354           62A-4a-201. Rights of parents -- Children's rights -- Interest and responsibility of
             355      state.
             356          (1) (a) Under both the United States Constitution and the constitution of this state, a
             357      parent possesses a fundamental liberty interest in the care, custody, and management of the
             358      parent's children. A fundamentally fair process must be provided to parents if the state moves
             359      to challenge or interfere with parental rights. A governmental entity must support any actions
             360      or allegations made in opposition to the rights and desires of a parent regarding the parent's
             361      children by sufficient evidence to satisfy a parent's constitutional entitlement to heightened
             362      protection against government interference with the parent's fundamental rights and liberty
             363      interests.
             364          (b) The fundamental liberty interest of a parent concerning the care, custody, and
             365      management of the parent's children is recognized, protected, and does not cease to exist
             366      simply because a parent may fail to be a model parent or because the parent's child is placed in
             367      the temporary custody of the state. At all times, a parent retains a vital interest in preventing
             368      the irretrievable destruction of family life. Prior to an adjudication of unfitness, government


             369      action in relation to parents and their children may not exceed the least restrictive means or
             370      alternatives available to accomplish a compelling state interest. Until the state proves parental
             371      unfitness, the child and the child's parents share a vital interest in preventing erroneous
             372      termination of their natural relationship and the state cannot presume that a child and the child's
             373      parents are adversaries.
             374          (c) It is in the best interest and welfare of a child to be raised under the care and
             375      supervision of the child's natural parents. A child's need for a normal family life in a
             376      permanent home, and for positive, nurturing family relationships will usually best be met by
             377      the child's natural parents. Additionally, the integrity of the family unit, and the right of parents
             378      to conceive and raise their children have found protection in the due process clause of the
             379      Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution. The right of a fit, competent parent
             380      to raise the parent's child without undue government interference is a fundamental liberty
             381      interest that has long been protected by the laws and Constitution of this state and of the United
             382      States.
             383          (d) The state recognizes that:
             384          (i) a parent has the right, obligation, responsibility, and authority to raise, manage,
             385      train, educate, provide for, and reasonably discipline the parent's children; and
             386          (ii) the state's role is secondary and supportive to the primary role of a parent.
             387          (e) It is the public policy of this state that parents retain the fundamental right and duty
             388      to exercise primary control over the care, supervision, upbringing, and education of their
             389      children.
             390          (f) Subsections (2) through (7) shall be interpreted and applied consistent with this
             391      Subsection (1).
             392          (2) It is also the public policy of this state that children have the right to protection
             393      from abuse and neglect, and that the state retains a compelling interest in investigating,
             394      prosecuting, and punishing abuse and neglect, as defined in this chapter, and in Title 78,
             395      Chapter 3a, Juvenile Court Act of 1996. Therefore, the state, as parens patriae, has an interest
             396      in and responsibility to protect children whose parents abuse them or do not adequately provide
             397      for their welfare. There may be circumstances where a parent's conduct or condition is a
             398      substantial departure from the norm and the parent is unable or unwilling to render safe and
             399      proper parental care and protection. Under those circumstances, the state may take action for


             400      the welfare and protection of the parent's children.
             401          (3) When the division intervenes on behalf of an abused, neglected, or dependent child,
             402      it shall take into account the child's need for protection from immediate harm. Throughout its
             403      involvement, the division shall utilize the least intrusive and least restrictive means available to
             404      protect a child, in an effort to ensure that children are brought up in stable, permanent families,
             405      rather than in temporary foster placements under the supervision of the state.
             406          (4) When circumstances within the family pose a threat to the child's immediate safety
             407      or welfare, the division may obtain custody of the child for a planned period and place the child
             408      in a safe environment, in accordance with the requirements of Title 78, Chapter 3a, Part 3,
             409      Abuse, Neglect, and Dependency Proceedings.
             410          (5) In determining and making "reasonable efforts" with regard to a child, pursuant to
             411      the provisions of Section 62A-4a-203 , both the division's and the court's paramount concern
             412      shall be the child's health, safety, and welfare. The desires of a parent for the parent's child
             413      shall be given full and serious consideration by the division and the court.
             414          (6) In cases where actual sexual abuse, sexual exploitation, abandonment, [or serious
             415      physical] severe abuse, or severe neglect are established, the state has no duty to make
             416      "reasonable efforts" or to, in any other way, attempt to maintain a child in the child's home,
             417      provide reunification services, or to attempt to rehabilitate the offending parent or parents.
             418      This Subsection (6) does not exempt the division from providing court-ordered services.
             419          (7) (a) It is the division's obligation, under federal law, to achieve permanency for
             420      children who are abused, neglected, or dependent. If the use or continuation of "reasonable
             421      efforts," as described in Subsections (5) and (6), is determined to be inconsistent with the
             422      permanency plan for a child, then measures shall be taken, in a timely manner, to place the
             423      child in accordance with the permanency plan, and to complete whatever steps are necessary to
             424      finalize the permanent placement of the child.
             425          (b) If, because of [his] a parent's conduct or condition, [a] the parent is determined to
             426      be unfit or incompetent based on the grounds for termination of parental rights described in
             427      Title 78, Chapter 3a, Part 4, Termination of Parental Rights Act, the welfare and best interest of
             428      the child is of paramount importance, and shall govern in determining whether that parent's
             429      rights should be terminated.
             430          (8) The state's right to direct or intervene in the provision of medical or mental health


             431      care for a child is subject to Subsection 78-3a-118 (2)(n).
             432          Section 5. Section 62A-4a-202.4 is amended to read:
             433           62A-4a-202.4. Access to criminal background information.
             434          (1) For purposes of background screening and investigation of [child] abuse or neglect
             435      under this chapter and Title 78, Chapter 3a, Part 3, Abuse, Neglect, and Dependency
             436      Proceedings, the division shall have direct access to criminal background information
             437      maintained pursuant to Title 53, Chapter 10, Part 2, Bureau of Criminal Identification.
             438          (2) The division and the Office of the Guardian Ad Litem Director are also authorized
             439      to request the Department of Public Safety to conduct a complete Federal Bureau of
             440      Investigation criminal background check through the national criminal history system (NCIC).
             441          Section 6. Section 62A-4a-202.6 is amended to read:
             442           62A-4a-202.6. Child protective services investigators within the Office of
             443      Attorney General -- Authority.
             444          (1) (a) Pursuant to Section 67-5-16 the attorney general may employ, with the consent
             445      of the division, child protective services investigators to investigate reports of abuse or neglect
             446      of a child that occur while the child is in the custody of the division.
             447          (b) (i) Under the direction of the Board of Child and Family Services, the division
             448      shall, in accordance with Subsection 62A-4a-409 (5), contract with an independent child
             449      protective service investigator to investigate reports of abuse or neglect of a child that occur
             450      while the child is in the custody of the division.
             451          (ii) The executive director of the department shall designate an entity within the
             452      department, other than the division, to monitor the contract for the investigators described in
             453      Subsection (1)(b)(i).
             454          (2) The investigators described in Subsection (1) may also investigate allegations of
             455      abuse or neglect of a child by a department employee or a licensed substitute care provider.
             456          (3) The investigators described in Subsection (1), if not peace officers, shall have the
             457      same rights, duties, and authority of a child protective services investigator employed by the
             458      division to:
             459          (a) make a thorough investigation upon receiving either an oral or written report of
             460      alleged abuse or neglect of a child, with the primary purpose of that investigation being the
             461      protection of the child;


             462          (b) make an inquiry into the child's home environment, emotional, or mental health, the
             463      nature and extent of the child's injuries, and the child's physical safety;
             464          (c) make a written report of their investigation, including determination regarding
             465      whether the alleged abuse or neglect was substantiated, unsubstantiated, or without merit, and
             466      forward a copy of that report to the division within the time mandates for investigations
             467      established by the division;
             468          (d) immediately consult with school authorities to verify the child's status in
             469      accordance with Sections 53A-11-101 through 53A-11-103 when a report is based upon or
             470      includes an allegation of educational neglect;
             471          (e) enter upon public or private premises, using appropriate legal processes, to
             472      investigate reports of alleged [child] abuse or neglect; and
             473          (f) take a child into protective custody, and deliver the child to a law enforcement
             474      officer, or to the division. Control and jurisdiction over the child shall be determined by the
             475      provisions of Title 62A, Chapter 4a, Part 2, Child Welfare Services, Title 78, Chapter 3a,
             476      Juvenile Court Act of 1996, and as otherwise provided by law.
             477          Section 7. Section 62A-4a-203 is amended to read:
             478           62A-4a-203. Removal of a child from home -- Reasonable efforts to maintain
             479      child in home -- Exception -- Reasonable efforts for reunification.
             480          (1) Because removal of a child from the child's home affects protected, constitutional
             481      rights of the parent and has a dramatic, long-term impact on a child, the division shall:
             482          (a) when possible and appropriate, without danger to the child's welfare, make
             483      reasonable efforts to prevent or eliminate the need for removal of a child from the child's home
             484      prior to placement in substitute care;
             485          (b) determine whether there is substantial cause to believe that a child has been or is in
             486      danger of abuse or neglect, in accordance with the guidelines described in Title 78, Chapter 3a,
             487      Part 3, Abuse, Neglect, and Dependency Proceedings, prior to removing the child from the
             488      child's home; and
             489          (c) when it is possible and appropriate, and in accordance with the limitations and
             490      requirements of Sections 78-3a-311 and 78-3a-312 , make reasonable efforts to make it possible
             491      for a child in substitute care to return to the child's home.
             492          (2) (a) In determining the reasonableness of efforts needed to maintain a child in the


             493      child's home or to return a child to the child's home, in accordance with Subsection (1)(a) or
             494      (c), the child's health, safety, and welfare shall be the paramount concern.
             495          (b) The division shall consider whether the efforts described in Subsections (1) and (2)
             496      are likely to prevent abuse or continued neglect of the child.
             497          (3) When removal and placement in substitute care is necessary to protect a child, the
             498      efforts described in Subsections (1) and (2):
             499          (a) are not reasonable or appropriate; and
             500          (b) should not be utilized.
             501          (4) Subject to Subsection (5), in cases where sexual abuse, sexual exploitation,
             502      abandonment, [or serious physical] severe abuse, or severe neglect are involved, the state has
             503      no duty to make reasonable efforts to, in any way, attempt to:
             504          (a) maintain a child in the child's home;
             505          (b) provide reunification services; or
             506          (c) rehabilitate the offending parent or parents.
             507          (5) Nothing in Subsection (4) exempts the division from providing court ordered
             508      services.
             509          Section 8. Section 62A-4a-301 is amended to read:
             510           62A-4a-301. Legislative finding.
             511          The Legislature finds that there is a need to assist private and public agencies in
             512      identifying and establishing community-based education, service, and treatment programs to
             513      prevent the occurrence and recurrence of [child] abuse and neglect.
             514          It is the purpose of this part to provide a means to increase prevention and treatment
             515      programs designed to reduce the occurrence or recurrence of child abuse and neglect.
             516          Section 9. Section 62A-4a-302 is amended to read:
             517           62A-4a-302. Definitions.
             518          As used in this part[: (1) "Council"], "council" means the Child Abuse Advisory
             519      Council established under Section 62A-4a-311 .
             520          [(2) "Child abuse and neglect" means the same as the term "child abuse or neglect,"
             521      defined in Section 62A-4a-402 .]
             522          Section 10. Section 62A-4a-303 is amended to read:
             523           62A-4a-303. Director's responsibility.


             524          The director, under the direction of the board, shall:
             525          (1) contract with public or private nonprofit organizations, agencies, schools, or with
             526      qualified individuals to establish voluntary community-based educational and service programs
             527      designed to reduce the occurrence or recurrence of [child] abuse and neglect;
             528          (2) facilitate the exchange of information between and among groups concerned with
             529      families and children;
             530          (3) consult with appropriate state agencies, commissions, and boards to help determine
             531      the probable effectiveness, fiscal soundness, and need for proposed education and service
             532      programs for the prevention and treatment of [child] abuse and neglect;
             533          (4) develop policies to determine whether programs will be discontinued or will
             534      receive continuous funding;
             535          (5) establish flexible fees and fee schedules based on the recipient's ability to pay for
             536      part or all of the costs of service received; and
             537          (6) adopt rules under Title 63, Chapter 46a, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act, as
             538      necessary to carry out the purposes of this part.
             539          Section 11. Section 62A-4a-304 is amended to read:
             540           62A-4a-304. Contracts for services.
             541          (1) (a) Contracts for services to prevent child abuse and neglect shall be awarded on
             542      the basis of probability of success, based in part on sound research data.
             543          (b) Each contract entered into by the director under Section 62A-4a-303 shall contain a
             544      provision for the evaluation of services provided under the contract.
             545          (2) Contract funds awarded for the treatment of victims of [physical or sexual] abuse
             546      and neglect are not a collateral source as described in Section 63-25a-402 .
             547          Section 12. Section 62A-4a-305 is amended to read:
             548           62A-4a-305. Prevention and treatment programs.
             549          Programs contracted under this part shall be designed to provide voluntary primary
             550      [child] abuse and neglect prevention, and voluntary or court-ordered treatment services,
             551      including, without limiting the generality of the foregoing, the following community-based
             552      programs:
             553          (1) those relating to prenatal care, perinatal bonding, child growth and development,
             554      basic child care, care of children with special needs, and coping with family stress;


             555          (2) those relating to crisis care, aid to parents, [child] abuse counseling, support groups
             556      for abusive or potentially abusive parents and their children, and early identification of families
             557      where the potential for [child] abuse and neglect exists;
             558          (3) those clearly designed to prevent the occurrence or recurrence of [child] abuse,
             559      [child] neglect, sexual [molestation or] abuse, sexual exploitation, medical or educational
             560      neglect, and such other programs as the board and council may from time to time consider
             561      potentially effective in reducing the incidence of family problems leading to [child] abuse or
             562      neglect; and
             563          (4) those designed to establish and assist community resources that prevent [child]
             564      abuse and neglect.
             565          Section 13. Section 62A-4a-306 is amended to read:
             566           62A-4a-306. Programs and services -- Public hearing requirements -- Review by
             567      local board of education.
             568          (1) Before any [child] abuse or neglect prevention or treatment program or service may
             569      be purchased or contracted for, the board shall conduct a public hearing and the council shall
             570      conduct a public hearing, to receive public comment on the specific program or service.
             571          (2) Additionally, before any [child] abuse or neglect prevention or treatment program
             572      or service [or program] which is intended for presentation in public schools may be purchased
             573      or contracted for, evidence shall be submitted to the division that the program or service has
             574      been approved by the local board of education for each school district which would be utilizing
             575      that program or service.
             576          Section 14. Section 62A-4a-309 is amended to read:
             577           62A-4a-309. Children's Trust Account.
             578          (1) There shall be a restricted account within the General Fund to be known as the
             579      Children's Trust Account. This account is for crediting of contributions from private sources
             580      and from appropriate revenues received under Section 26-2-12.5 for [child] abuse and neglect
             581      prevention programs described in Section 62A-4a-305 .
             582          (2) Money shall be appropriated from the account to the division by the Legislature
             583      under the Utah Budgetary Procedures Act, and shall be drawn upon by the director under the
             584      direction of the board.
             585          (3) The Children's Trust Account may be used only to implement prevention programs


             586      described in Section 62A-4a-305 , and may only be allocated to entities that provide a
             587      one-to-one match, comprising a match from the community of at least 50% in cash and up to
             588      50% in in-kind donations, which is 25% of the total funding received from the Children's Trust
             589      Account. The entity that receives the statewide evaluation contract is excepted from the
             590      cash-match provisions of this Subsection (3).
             591          Section 15. Section 62A-4a-311 is amended to read:
             592           62A-4a-311. Child Abuse Advisory Council -- Creation -- Membership --
             593      Expenses.
             594          (1) (a) There is established the Child Abuse Advisory Council composed of no more
             595      than 25 members who are appointed by the board.
             596          (b) Except as required by Subsection (1)(c), as terms of current council members
             597      expire, the board shall appoint each new member or reappointed member to a four-year term.
             598          (c) Notwithstanding the requirements of Subsection (1)(b), the board shall, at the time
             599      of appointment or reappointment, adjust the length of terms to ensure that the terms of council
             600      members are staggered so that approximately half of the council is appointed every two years.
             601          (d) The council shall have geographic, economic, gender, cultural, and philosophical
             602      diversity.
             603          (e) When a vacancy occurs in the membership for any reason, the replacement shall be
             604      appointed for the unexpired term.
             605          (2) The council shall elect a chairperson from its membership at least biannually.
             606          (3) (a) Members shall receive no compensation or benefits for their services, but may
             607      receive per diem and expenses incurred in the performance of the member's official duties at
             608      the rates established by the Division of Finance under Sections 63A-3-106 and 63A-3-107 .
             609          (b) Members may decline to receive per diem and expenses for their service.
             610          (4) The council shall hold a public meeting quarterly. Within budgetary constraints,
             611      meetings may also be held on the call of the chair, or of a majority of the members. Thirteen
             612      members shall constitute a quorum at any meeting and the action of the majority of the
             613      members present shall be the action of the council.
             614          (5) The council shall advise the board on matters relating to [child] abuse and neglect.
             615      The council shall also recommend to the board how funds contained in the Children's Trust
             616      Account shall be allocated.


             617          Section 16. Section 62A-4a-401 is amended to read:
             618           62A-4a-401. Legislative purpose.
             619          It is the purpose of this part to protect the best interests of children, offer protective
             620      services to prevent harm to children, stabilize the home environment, preserve family life
             621      whenever possible, and encourage cooperation among the states in dealing with the problem of
             622      [child] abuse or neglect.
             623          Section 17. Section 62A-4a-402 is amended to read:
             624           62A-4a-402. Definitions.
             625          As used in this part:
             626          (1) "A person responsible for a child's care" means the child's parent, guardian, or other
             627      person responsible for the child's care, whether in the same home as the child, a relative's
             628      home, a group, family, or center day care facility, a foster care home, or a residential
             629      institution.
             630          [(2) "Child abuse or neglect" means causing harm or threatened harm to a child's health
             631      or welfare.]
             632          [(3) "Harm or threatened harm" means damage or threatened damage to the physical or
             633      emotional health and welfare of a child through neglect or abuse, and includes but is not
             634      limited to:]
             635          [(a) causing nonaccidental physical or mental injury;]
             636          [(b) incest;]
             637          [(c) sexual abuse;]
             638          [(d) sexual exploitation;]
             639          [(e) molestation; or]
             640          [(f) repeated negligent treatment or maltreatment.]
             641          [(4) "Incest" means having sexual intercourse with a person whom the perpetrator
             642      knows to be his or her ancestor, descendant, brother, sister, uncle, aunt, nephew, niece, or first
             643      cousin. The relationships referred to in this subsection include blood relationships of the whole
             644      or half blood without regard to legitimacy, and include relationships of parent and child by
             645      adoption, and relationships of stepparent and stepchild while the marriage creating the
             646      relationship of a stepparent and stepchild exists.]
             647          [(5) "Molestation" means touching the anus or any part of the genitals of a child or


             648      otherwise taking indecent liberties with a child, or causing a child to take indecent liberties
             649      with the perpetrator or another with the intent to arouse or gratify the sexual desire of any
             650      person.]
             651          [(6) "Sexual abuse" means acts or attempted acts of sexual intercourse, sodomy, or
             652      molestation directed towards a child.]
             653          [(7) "Sexual exploitation of a child" means knowingly employing, using, persuading,
             654      inducing, enticing, or coercing any child to pose in the nude for the purpose of sexual arousal
             655      of any person or for profit, or to engage in any sexual or simulated sexual conduct for the
             656      purpose of photographing, filming, recording, or displaying in any way the sexual or simulated
             657      sexual conduct, and includes displaying, distributing, possessing for the purpose of
             658      distribution, or selling material depicting a child in the nude or engaging in sexual or simulated
             659      sexual conduct.]
             660          [(8)] (2) "Subject" or "subject of the report" means any person reported under this part,
             661      including, but not limited to, a child, parent, guardian, or other person responsible for a child's
             662      care.
             663          Section 18. Section 62A-4a-403 is amended to read:
             664           62A-4a-403. Reporting requirements.
             665          (1) (a) Except as provided in Subsection (2), when any person including persons
             666      licensed under Title 58, Chapter 67, Utah Medical Practice Act, or Title 58, Chapter 31b, Nurse
             667      Practice Act, has reason to believe that a child has been subjected to [incest, molestation,
             668      sexual exploitation, sexual abuse, physical abuse,] abuse or neglect, or who observes a child
             669      being subjected to conditions or circumstances which would reasonably result in [sexual abuse,
             670      physical abuse,] abuse or neglect, [he] that person shall immediately notify the nearest peace
             671      officer, law enforcement agency, or office of the division. [On]
             672          (b) Upon receipt of [this notice] the notification described in Subsection (1)(a), the
             673      peace officer or law enforcement agency shall immediately notify the nearest office of the
             674      division. If an initial report of [child] abuse or neglect is made to the division, the division
             675      shall immediately notify the appropriate local law enforcement agency. The division shall, in
             676      addition to its own investigation, comply with and lend support to investigations by law
             677      enforcement undertaken pursuant to a report made under this section.
             678          (2) [The] Subject to Subsection (3), the notification requirements of Subsection (1) do


             679      not apply to a clergyman or priest, without the consent of the person making the confession,
             680      with regard to any confession made to [him in his] the clergyman or priest in the professional
             681      character of the clergyman or priest in the course of discipline enjoined by the church to which
             682      [he] the clergyman or priest belongs, if:
             683          (a) the confession was made directly to the clergyman or priest by the perpetrator; and
             684          (b) the clergyman or priest is, under canon law or church doctrine or practice, bound to
             685      maintain the confidentiality of that confession.
             686          (3) (a) When a clergyman or priest receives information about abuse or neglect from
             687      any source other than confession of the perpetrator, [he] the clergyman or priest is required to
             688      give notification on the basis of that information even though [he] the clergyman or priest may
             689      have also received a report of abuse or neglect from the confession of the perpetrator.
             690          (b) Exemption of notification requirements for a clergyman or priest does not exempt a
             691      clergyman or priest from any other efforts required by law to prevent further abuse or neglect
             692      by the perpetrator.
             693          Section 19. Section 62A-4a-405 is amended to read:
             694           62A-4a-405. Death of child -- Reporting requirements.
             695          (1) Any person who has reason to believe that a child has died as a result of [child]
             696      abuse or neglect shall report that fact to:
             697          (a) the local law enforcement agency, who shall report to the county attorney or district
             698      attorney as provided under Section 17-18-1 or 17-18-1.7 ; and [to]
             699          (b) the appropriate medical examiner in accordance with Title 26, Chapter 4, Utah
             700      Medical Examiner Act. [The]
             701          (2) After receiving a report described in Subsection (1), the medical examiner shall
             702      investigate and report [his] the medical examiner's findings to:
             703          (a) the police[,];
             704          (b) the appropriate county attorney or district attorney[,];
             705          (c) the attorney general's office[,];
             706          (d) the division[,]; and
             707          (e) if the institution making the report is a hospital, to that hospital.
             708          Section 20. Section 62A-4a-406 is amended to read:
             709           62A-4a-406. Photographs.


             710          (1) Any physician, surgeon, medical examiner, peace officer, law enforcement official,
             711      or public health officer or official may take photographs of the areas of trauma visible on a
             712      child and, if medically indicated, perform radiological examinations.
             713          (2) Photographs may be taken of the premises or of objects relevant to a reported
             714      circumstance of [child] abuse or neglect.
             715          (3) Photographs or X-rays, and all other medical records pertinent to an investigation
             716      for [child] abuse or neglect shall be made available to the division, law enforcement officials,
             717      and the court.
             718          Section 21. Section 62A-4a-409 is amended to read:
             719           62A-4a-409. Investigation by division -- Temporary protective custody --
             720      Preremoval interviews of children.
             721          (1) (a) The division shall make a thorough preremoval investigation upon receiving
             722      either an oral or written report of alleged abuse, neglect, fetal alcohol syndrome, or fetal drug
             723      dependency, when there is reasonable cause to suspect that a situation of abuse, neglect, fetal
             724      alcohol syndrome, or fetal drug dependency exists.
             725          (b) The primary purpose of the investigation described in Subsection (1)(a) shall be
             726      protection of the child.
             727          (2) The preremoval investigation described in Subsection (1)(a) shall include the same
             728      investigative requirements described in Section 62A-4a-202.3 .
             729          (3) The division shall make a written report of its investigation that shall include a
             730      determination regarding whether the alleged abuse or neglect is supported, unsupported, or
             731      without merit.
             732          (4) (a) The division shall use an interdisciplinary approach when appropriate in dealing
             733      with reports made under this part.
             734          (b) For this purpose, the division shall convene appropriate interdisciplinary "child
             735      protection teams" to assist it in its protective, diagnostic, assessment, treatment, and
             736      coordination services.
             737          (c) A representative of the division shall serve as the team's coordinator and chair.
             738      Members of the team shall serve at the coordinator's invitation. Whenever possible, the team
             739      shall include representatives of:
             740          (i) health, mental health, education, and law enforcement agencies;


             741          (ii) the child;
             742          (iii) parent and family support groups unless the parent is alleged to be the perpetrator;
             743      and
             744          (iv) other appropriate agencies or individuals.
             745          (5) In any case where the division supervises, governs, or directs the affairs of any
             746      individual, institution, or facility that is alleged to be involved in acts or omissions of [child]
             747      abuse or neglect, the investigation of the reported [child] abuse or neglect shall be conducted
             748      by an agency other than the division.
             749          (6) If a report of neglect is based upon or includes an allegation of educational neglect,
             750      the division shall immediately consult with school authorities to verify the child's status in
             751      accordance with Sections 53A-11-101 through 53A-11-103 .
             752          (7) When the division completes its initial investigation under this part, it shall give
             753      notice of that completion to the person who made the initial report.
             754          (8) Division workers or other child protection team members have authority to enter
             755      upon public or private premises, using appropriate legal processes, to investigate reports of
             756      alleged [child] abuse or neglect, upon notice to parents of their rights under the Child Abuse
             757      Prevention and Treatment Act, 42 U.S.C. Sec. 5106, or any successor thereof.
             758          (9) With regard to any interview of a child prior to removal of that child from the
             759      child's home:
             760          (a) except as provided in Subsection (9)(b) or (c), the division shall inform a parent of
             761      the child prior to the interview of:
             762          (i) the specific allegations concerning the child; and
             763          (ii) the time and place of the interview;
             764          (b) if a child's parent or stepparent, or a parent's paramour has been identified as the
             765      alleged perpetrator, the division is not required to comply with Subsection (9)(a);
             766          (c) if the perpetrator is unknown, or if the perpetrator's relationship to the child's family
             767      is unknown, the division may conduct a minimal interview or conversation, not to exceed 15
             768      minutes, with the child prior to complying with Subsection (9)(a);
             769          (d) in all cases described in Subsection (9)(b) or (c), a parent of the child shall be
             770      notified as soon as practicable after the child has been interviewed, but in no case later than 24
             771      hours after the interview has taken place;


             772          (e) a child's parents shall be notified of the time and place of all subsequent interviews
             773      with the child; and
             774          (f) the child shall be allowed to have a support person of the child's choice present,
             775      who:
             776          (i) may include:
             777          (A) a school teacher;
             778          (B) an administrator;
             779          (C) a guidance counselor;
             780          (D) a child care provider;
             781          (E) a family member;
             782          (F) a family advocate; or
             783          (G) clergy; and
             784          (ii) may not be a person who is alleged to be, or potentially may be, the perpetrator.
             785          (10) In accordance with the procedures and requirements of Sections 62A-4a-202.1
             786      through 62A-4a-202.3 , a division worker or child protection team member may take a child
             787      into protective custody and deliver the child to a law enforcement officer, or place the child in
             788      an emergency shelter facility approved by the juvenile court, at the earliest opportunity
             789      subsequent to the child's removal from the child's original environment. Control and
             790      jurisdiction over the child is determined by the provisions of Title 78, Chapter 3a, Juvenile
             791      Court Act of 1996, and as otherwise provided by law.
             792          (11) With regard to cases in which law enforcement has or is conducting an
             793      investigation of alleged abuse or neglect of a child:
             794          (a) the division shall coordinate with law enforcement to ensure that there is an
             795      adequate safety plan to protect the child from further abuse or neglect; and
             796          (b) the division is not required to duplicate an aspect of the investigation that, in the
             797      division's determination, has been satisfactorily completed by law enforcement.
             798          Section 22. Section 62A-4a-411 is amended to read:
             799           62A-4a-411. Failure to report -- Criminal penalty.
             800          Any person, official, or institution required to report a case of suspected [child abuse,
             801      child sexual] abuse, neglect, fetal alcohol syndrome, or fetal drug dependency, who willfully
             802      fails to do so is guilty of a class B misdemeanor. Action for failure to report must be


             803      commenced within four years from the date of knowledge of the offense and the willful failure
             804      to report.
             805          Section 23. Section 62A-4a-412 is amended to read:
             806           62A-4a-412. Reports and information confidential.
             807          (1) Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, reports made pursuant to this part, as
             808      well as any other information in the possession of the division obtained as the result of a report
             809      are private, protected, or controlled records under Title 63, Chapter 2, Government Records
             810      Access and Management Act, and may only be made available to:
             811          (a) a police or law enforcement agency investigating a report of known or suspected
             812      [child] abuse or neglect;
             813          (b) a physician who reasonably believes that a child may be the subject of abuse or
             814      neglect;
             815          (c) an agency that has responsibility or authority to care for, treat, or supervise a minor
             816      who is the subject of a report;
             817          (d) a contract provider that has a written contract with the division to render services to
             818      a minor who is the subject of a report;
             819          (e) any subject of the report, the natural parents of the child, and the guardian ad litem;
             820          (f) a court, upon a finding that access to the records may be necessary for the
             821      determination of an issue before the court, provided that in a divorce, custody, or related
             822      proceeding between private parties, the record alone is:
             823          (i) limited to objective or undisputed facts that were verified at the time of the
             824      investigation; and
             825          (ii) devoid of conclusions drawn by the division or any of the division's workers on the
             826      ultimate issue of whether or not a person's acts or omissions constituted any level of abuse or
             827      neglect of another person;
             828          (g) an office of the public prosecutor or its deputies in performing an official duty;
             829          (h) a person authorized by a Children's Justice Center, for the purposes described in
             830      Section 67-5b-102 ;
             831          (i) a person engaged in bona fide research, when approved by the director of the
             832      division, if the information does not include names and addresses;
             833          (j) the State Office of Education, acting on behalf of itself or on behalf of a school


             834      district, for the purpose of evaluating whether an individual should be permitted to obtain or
             835      retain a license as an educator or serve as an employee or volunteer in a school, limited to
             836      information with substantiated findings involving an alleged sexual offense, an alleged felony
             837      or class A misdemeanor drug offense, or any alleged offense against the person under Title 76,
             838      Chapter 5, Offenses Against the Person, and with the understanding that the office must
             839      provide the subject of a report received under Subsection (1)(k) with an opportunity to respond
             840      to the report before making a decision concerning licensure or employment;
             841          (k) any person identified in the report as a perpetrator or possible perpetrator of [child]
             842      abuse or neglect, after being advised of the screening prohibition in Subsection (2);
             843          (l) a person filing a petition for a child protective order on behalf of a child who is the
             844      subject of the report; and
             845          (m) a licensed child-placing agency or person who is performing a preplacement
             846      adoptive evaluation in accordance with the requirements of Section 78-30-3.5 .
             847          (2) (a) A person, unless listed in Subsection (1), may not request another person to
             848      obtain or release a report or any other information in the possession of the division obtained as
             849      a result of the report that is available under Subsection (1)(k) to screen for potential
             850      perpetrators of [child] abuse or neglect.
             851          (b) A person who requests information knowing that it is a violation of Subsection
             852      (2)(a) to do so is subject to the criminal penalty in Subsection (4).
             853          (3) (a) Except as provided in Section 62A-4a-1007 and Subsection (3)(b), the division
             854      and law enforcement officials shall ensure the anonymity of the person or persons making the
             855      initial report and any others involved in its subsequent investigation.
             856          (b) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, excluding Section 78-3a-314 , but
             857      including this chapter and Title 63, Chapter 2, Government Records Access and Management
             858      Act, when the division makes a report or other information in its possession available under
             859      Subsection (1)(e) to a subject of the report or a parent of a child, the division shall remove from
             860      the report or other information only the names, addresses, and telephone numbers of
             861      individuals or specific information that could:
             862          (i) identify the referent;
             863          (ii) impede a criminal investigation; or
             864          (iii) endanger a person's safety.


             865          (4) Any person who wilfully permits, or aides and abets the release of data or
             866      information obtained as a result of this part, in the possession of the division or contained on
             867      any part of the Management Information System, in violation of this part or Sections
             868      62A-4a-1003 through 62A-4a-1007 , is guilty of a class C misdemeanor.
             869          (5) The physician-patient privilege is not a ground for excluding evidence regarding a
             870      child's injuries or the cause of those injuries, in any proceeding resulting from a report made in
             871      good faith pursuant to this part.
             872          (6) A child-placing agency or person who receives a report in connection with a
             873      preplacement adoptive evaluation pursuant to Section 78-30-3.5 :
             874          (a) may provide this report to the person who is the subject of the report; and
             875          (b) may provide this report to a person who is performing a preplacement adoptive
             876      evaluation in accordance with the requirement of Section 78-30-3.5 , or to a licensed
             877      child-placing agency or to an attorney seeking to facilitate an adoption.
             878          Section 24. Section 62A-4a-414 is amended to read:
             879           62A-4a-414. Interviews of children -- Recording required -- Exceptions.
             880          (1) (a) Except as provided in Subsection (4), interviews of children during an
             881      investigation in accordance with Section 62A-4a-409 , and involving allegations of sexual
             882      abuse [or serious physical abuse], sexual exploitation, severe abuse, or severe neglect of a
             883      child, shall be conducted only under the following conditions:
             884          (i) the interview shall be recorded visually and aurally on film, videotape, or by other
             885      electronic means;
             886          (ii) both the interviewer and the child shall be simultaneously recorded and visible on
             887      the final product;
             888          (iii) the time and date of the interview shall be continuously and clearly visible to any
             889      subsequent viewer of the recording; and
             890          (iv) the recording equipment shall run continuously for the duration of the interview.
             891          (b) This Subsection (1) does not apply to initial or minimal interviews conducted in
             892      accordance with Subsection 62A-4a-409 (9)(b) or (c).
             893          (2) Interviews conducted in accordance with Subsection (1) shall be carried out in an
             894      existing Children's Justice Center or in a soft interview room, when available.
             895          (a) If the Children's Justice Center or a soft interview room is not available, the


             896      interviewer shall use the best setting available under the circumstances.
             897          (b) Except as provided in Subsection (4), if the equipment required under Subsection
             898      (1) is not available, the interview shall be audiotaped, provided that the interviewer shall
             899      clearly state at the beginning of the tape:
             900          (i) the time, date, and place of the interview;
             901          (ii) the full name and age of the child being interviewed; and
             902          (iii) that the equipment required under Subsection (1) is not available and why.
             903          (3) Except as provided in Subsection (4), all other investigative interviews shall be
             904      audiotaped using electronic means. At the beginning of the tape, the worker shall state clearly
             905      the time, date, and place of the meeting, and the full name and age of the child in attendance.
             906          (4) (a) Subject to Subsection (4)(b), an interview described in this section may be
             907      conducted without being taped if the child:
             908          (i) is at least nine years old;
             909          (ii) refuses to have the interview audio taped; and
             910          (iii) refuses to have the interview video taped.
             911          (b) If, pursuant to Subsection (4)(a), an interview is conducted without being taped, the
             912      child's refusal shall be documented as follows:
             913          (i) the interviewer shall attempt to get the child's refusal on tape, including the reasons
             914      for the refusal; or
             915          (ii) if the child does not allow the refusal, or the reasons for the refusal, to be taped, the
             916      interviewer shall:
             917          (A) state on the tape that the child is present, but has refused to have the interview,
             918      refusal, or the reasons for the refusal taped; or
             919          (B) if complying with Subsection (4)(b)(ii)(A) will result in the child, who would
             920      otherwise consent to be interviewed, to refuse to be interviewed, the interviewer shall
             921      document, in writing, that the child refused to allow the interview to be taped and the reasons
             922      for that refusal.
             923          (c) The division shall track the number of interviews under this section that are not
             924      taped, and the number of refusals that are not taped, for each interviewer, in order to determine
             925      whether a particular interviewer has a higher incidence of refusals, or taped refusals, than other
             926      interviewers.


             927          Section 25. Section 62A-4a-802 is amended to read:
             928           62A-4a-802. Safe relinquishment of a newborn child.
             929          (1) (a) A parent or a parent's designee may safely relinquish a newborn child at a
             930      hospital in accordance with the provisions of this part and retain complete anonymity, so long
             931      as the child has not been subject to abuse or neglect.
             932          (b) Safe relinquishment of a newborn child who has not otherwise been subject to
             933      abuse or neglect shall not, in and of itself, constitute neglect as defined in Section
             934      [ 62A-4a-101 ] 78-3a-103 , and the child shall not be considered a neglected child, as defined in
             935      Section 78-3a-103 , so long as the relinquishment is carried out in substantial compliance with
             936      the provisions of this part.
             937          (2) (a) Personnel employed by a hospital shall accept a newborn child that is
             938      relinquished pursuant to the provisions of this part, and may presume that the person
             939      relinquishing is the child's parent or the parent's designee.
             940          (b) The person receiving the newborn child may request information regarding the
             941      parent and newborn child's medical histories, and identifying information regarding the
             942      nonrelinquishing parent of the child.
             943          (c) The division shall provide hospitals with medical history forms and stamped
             944      envelopes addressed to the division that a hospital may provide to a person relinquishing a
             945      child pursuant to the provisions of this part.
             946          (d) Personnel employed by a hospital shall:
             947          (i) provide any necessary medical care to the child and notify the division as soon as
             948      possible, but no later than 24 hours after receipt of the child; and
             949          (ii) prepare a birth certificate or foundling birth certificate if parentage is unknown and
             950      file with the Office of Vital Records and Statistics.
             951          (e) A hospital and personnel employed by a hospital are immune from any civil or
             952      criminal liability arising from accepting a newborn child if the personnel employed by the
             953      hospital substantially comply with the provisions of this part and medical treatment is
             954      administered according to standard medical practice.
             955          (3) The division shall assume care and custody of the child immediately upon notice
             956      from the hospital.
             957          (4) So long as the division determines there is no abuse or neglect of the newborn


             958      child, neither the newborn child nor the child's parents are subject to:
             959          (a) the provisions of Part 2 of this chapter, Child Welfare Services;
             960          (b) the investigation provisions contained in Section 62A-4a-409 ; or
             961          (c) the provisions of Title 78, Chapter 3a, Part 3, Abuse, Neglect, and Dependency
             962      Proceedings.
             963          (5) Unless identifying information relating to the nonrelinquishing parent of the
             964      newborn child has been provided:
             965          (a) the division shall work with local law enforcement and the Bureau of Criminal
             966      Identification within the Department of Public Safety in an effort to ensure that the newborn
             967      child has not been identified as a missing child;
             968          (b) the division shall immediately place or contract for placement of the newborn child
             969      in a potential adoptive home and, within ten days after receipt of the child, file a petition for
             970      termination of parental rights in accordance with Title 78, Chapter 3a, Part 4, Termination of
             971      Parental Rights Act;
             972          (c) the division shall direct the Office of Vital Records and Statistics to conduct a
             973      search for a birth certificate for the child and an Initiation of Proceedings to Establish Paternity
             974      Registry for unmarried biological fathers maintained by the Office of Vital Records and
             975      Statistics within the Department of Health and provide notice to each potential father identified
             976      on the registry. Notice of termination of parental rights proceedings shall be provided in the
             977      same manner as is utilized for any other termination proceeding in which the identity of the
             978      child's parents is unknown;
             979          (d) if no person has affirmatively identified himself or herself within two weeks after
             980      notice is complete and established paternity by scientific testing within as expeditious a time
             981      frame as practicable, a hearing on the petition for termination of parental rights shall be
             982      scheduled; and
             983          (e) if a nonrelinquishing parent is not identified, relinquishment of a newborn child
             984      pursuant to the provisions of this part shall be considered grounds for termination of parental
             985      rights of both the relinquishing and nonrelinquishing parents under Section 78-3a-407 .
             986          (6) If at any time prior to the adoption, a court finds it is in the best interest of the child,
             987      the court shall deny the petition for termination of parental rights.
             988          (7) The division shall provide for, or contract with a licensed child-placing agency to


             989      provide for expeditious adoption of the newborn child.
             990          (8) So long as the person relinquishing a newborn child is the child's parent or
             991      designee, and there is no abuse or neglect, safe relinquishment of a newborn child in substantial
             992      compliance with the provisions of this part is an affirmative defense to any potential criminal
             993      liability for abandonment or neglect relating to that relinquishment.
             994          Section 26. Section 62A-4a-1002 is amended to read:
             995           62A-4a-1002. Definitions.
             996          As used in this part:
             997          (1) (a) Except as provided in Subsection (1)(b), "severe type of child abuse or neglect"
             998      means:
             999          (i) if committed by a person 18 years of age or older:
             1000          (A) [severe or] chronic [physical] abuse;
             1001          (B) severe abuse;
             1002          [(B)] (C) sexual abuse;
             1003          [(C)] (D) sexual exploitation;
             1004          [(D)] (E) abandonment;
             1005          [(E) medical neglect resulting in death, disability, or serious illness;]
             1006          (F) chronic neglect; or
             1007          (G) severe neglect; or
             1008          [(H) chronic emotional abuse; or]
             1009          [(I) severe emotional abuse; or]
             1010          (ii) if committed by a person under the age of 18:
             1011          (A) serious physical injury, as defined in Subsection 76-5-109 (1)(d), to another child
             1012      which indicates a significant risk to other children; or
             1013          (B) sexual behavior with or upon another child which indicates a significant risk to
             1014      other children.
             1015          (b) "Severe type of child abuse or neglect" does not include:
             1016          (i) the use of reasonable and necessary physical restraint or force by an educator in
             1017      accordance with Subsection 53A-11-802 (2) or Section 76-2-401 ;
             1018          (ii) a person's conduct that:
             1019          (A) is justified under Section 76-2-401 ; or


             1020          (B) constitutes the use of reasonable and necessary physical restraint or force in
             1021      self-defense or otherwise appropriate to the circumstances to obtain possession of a weapon or
             1022      other dangerous object in the possession or under the control of a child or to protect the child or
             1023      another person from physical injury; or
             1024          (iii) a health care decision made for a child by the child's parent or guardian, unless,
             1025      subject to Subsection 62A-4a-1004 (2), the state or other party to the proceeding shows, by
             1026      clear and convincing evidence, that the health care decision is not reasonable and informed.
             1027          (2) "Significant risk" means a risk of harm that is determined to be significant in
             1028      accordance with risk assessment tools and rules established by the division that focus on:
             1029          (a) age;
             1030          (b) social factors;
             1031          (c) emotional factors;
             1032          (d) sexual factors;
             1033          (e) intellectual factors;
             1034          (f) family risk factors; and
             1035          (g) other related considerations.
             1036          Section 27. Section 62A-4a-1003 is amended to read:
             1037           62A-4a-1003. Management Information System -- Requirements -- Contents --
             1038      Purpose -- Access.
             1039          (1) (a) The division shall develop and implement a Management Information System
             1040      that meets the requirements of this section and the requirements of federal law and regulation.
             1041          (b) The information and records contained in the Management Information System:
             1042          (i) are protected records under Title 63, Chapter 2, Government Records Access and
             1043      Management Act; and
             1044          (ii) except as provided in Subsections (1)(c) and (d), are available only to a person with
             1045      statutory authorization under Title 63, Chapter 2, Government Records Access and
             1046      Management Act, to review the information and records described in this Subsection (1)(b).
             1047          (c) Notwithstanding Subsection (1)(b)(ii), the information and records described in
             1048      Subsection (1)(b) are available to a person:
             1049          (i) as provided under Subsection (6) or Section 62A-4a-1006 ; or
             1050          (ii) who has specific statutory authorization to access the information or records for the


             1051      purpose of assisting the state with state and federal requirements to maintain information solely
             1052      for the purpose of protecting minors and providing services to families in need.
             1053          (d) Notwithstanding Subsection (1)(b)(ii), the information and records described in
             1054      Subsection (1)(b) may, to the extent required by Title IV-B or IV-E of the Social Security Act,
             1055      be provided by the division:
             1056          (i) to comply with [child] abuse and neglect registry checks requested by other states;
             1057      and
             1058          (ii) to the United States Department of Health and Human Services for purposes of
             1059      maintaining an electronic national registry of substantiated cases of [child] abuse and neglect.
             1060          (2) With regard to all child welfare cases, the Management Information System shall
             1061      provide each caseworker and the department's office of licensing, exclusively for the purposes
             1062      of foster parent licensure and monitoring, with a complete history of each child in that worker's
             1063      caseload, including:
             1064          (a) a record of all past action taken by the division with regard to that child and the
             1065      child's siblings;
             1066          (b) the complete case history and all reports and information in the control or keeping
             1067      of the division regarding that child and the child's siblings;
             1068          (c) the number of times the child has been in the custody of the division;
             1069          (d) the cumulative period of time the child has been in the custody of the division;
             1070          (e) a record of all reports of abuse or neglect received by the division with regard to
             1071      that child's parent, parents, or guardian including:
             1072          (i) for each report, documentation of the:
             1073          (A) latest status; or
             1074          (B) final outcome or determination; and
             1075          (ii) information that indicates whether each report was found to be:
             1076          (A) supported;
             1077          (B) unsupported;
             1078          (C) substantiated by a juvenile court;
             1079          (D) unsubstantiated by a juvenile court; or
             1080          (E) without merit;
             1081          (f) the number of times the child's parent or parents failed any child and family plan;


             1082      and
             1083          (g) the number of different caseworkers who have been assigned to that child in the
             1084      past.
             1085          (3) The division's Management Information System shall:
             1086          (a) contain all key elements of each family's current child and family plan, including:
             1087          (i) the dates and number of times the plan has been administratively or judicially
             1088      reviewed;
             1089          (ii) the number of times the parent or parents have failed that child and family plan;
             1090      and
             1091          (iii) the exact length of time the child and family plan has been in effect; and
             1092          (b) alert caseworkers regarding deadlines for completion of and compliance with
             1093      policy, including child and family plans.
             1094          (4) With regard to all child protective services cases, the Management Information
             1095      System shall:
             1096          (a) monitor the compliance of each case with:
             1097          (i) division rule and policy;
             1098          (ii) state law; and
             1099          (iii) federal law and regulation; and
             1100          (b) include the age and date of birth of the alleged perpetrator at the time the abuse or
             1101      neglect is alleged to have occurred, in order to ensure accuracy regarding the identification of
             1102      the alleged perpetrator.
             1103          (5) Except as provided in Subsection (6) regarding contract providers and Section
             1104      62A-4a-1006 regarding limited access to the Licensing Information System, all information
             1105      contained in the division's Management Information System is available to the department,
             1106      upon the approval of the executive director, on a need-to-know basis.
             1107          (6) (a) Subject to this Subsection (6), the division may allow its contract providers,
             1108      court clerks designated by the Administrative Office of the Courts, and the Office of the
             1109      Guardian Ad Litem to have limited access to the Management Information System.
             1110          (b) A division contract provider has access only to information about a person who is
             1111      currently receiving services from that specific contract provider.
             1112          (c) (i) Designated court clerks may only have access to information necessary to


             1113      comply with Subsection 78-3h-102 (2).
             1114          (ii) The Office of the Guardian Ad Litem may access only the information that:
             1115          (A) relates to children and families where the Office of the Guardian Ad Litem is
             1116      appointed by a court to represent the interests of the children; and
             1117          (B) except as provided in Subsection (6)(d), is entered into the Management
             1118      Information System on or after July 1, 2004.
             1119          (d) Notwithstanding Subsection (6)(c)(ii)(B), the Office of the Guardian Ad Litem
             1120      shall have access to all [child] abuse and neglect referrals about children and families where the
             1121      office has been appointed by a court to represent the interests of the children, regardless of the
             1122      date that the information is entered into the Management Information System.
             1123          (e) Each contract provider and designated representative of the Office of the Guardian
             1124      Ad Litem who requests access to information contained in the Management Information
             1125      System shall:
             1126          (i) take all necessary precautions to safeguard the security of the information contained
             1127      in the Management Information System;
             1128          (ii) train its employees regarding:
             1129          (A) requirements for protecting the information contained in the Management
             1130      Information System as required by this chapter and under Title 63, Chapter 2, Government
             1131      Records Access and Management Act; and
             1132          (B) the criminal penalties under Sections 62A-4a-412 and 63-2-801 for improper
             1133      release of information; and
             1134          (iii) monitor its employees to ensure that they protect the information contained in the
             1135      Management Information System as required by law.
             1136          (f) The division shall take reasonable precautions to ensure that its contract providers
             1137      comply with the requirements of this Subsection (6).
             1138          (7) The division shall take all necessary precautions, including password protection and
             1139      other appropriate and available technological techniques, to prevent unauthorized access to or
             1140      release of information contained in the Management Information System.
             1141          Section 28. Section 62A-4a-1005 is amended to read:
             1142           62A-4a-1005. Supported finding of a severe type of child abuse or neglect --
             1143      Notation in Licensing Information System -- Juvenile court petition or notice to alleged


             1144      perpetrator -- Rights of alleged perpetrator -- Juvenile court finding.
             1145          (1) If the division makes a supported finding that a person committed a severe type of
             1146      child abuse or neglect, the division shall:
             1147          (a) serve notice of the finding on the alleged perpetrator;
             1148          (b) enter the following information into the Licensing Information System created in
             1149      Section 62A-4a-1006 :
             1150          (i) the name and other identifying information of the perpetrator with the supported
             1151      finding, without identifying the person as a perpetrator or alleged perpetrator; and
             1152          (ii) a notation to the effect that an investigation regarding the person is pending; and
             1153          (c) if the division considers it advisable, file a petition for substantiation within one
             1154      year of the supported finding.
             1155          (2) The notice referred to in Subsection (1)(a):
             1156          (a) shall state that:
             1157          (i) the division has conducted an investigation regarding alleged [child] abuse or
             1158      neglect;
             1159          (ii) the division has made a supported finding that the alleged perpetrator described in
             1160      Subsection (1) committed a severe type of child abuse or neglect;
             1161          (iii) facts gathered by the division support the supported finding;
             1162          (iv) as a result of the supported finding, the alleged perpetrator's name and other
             1163      identifying information have been listed in the Licensing Information System in accordance
             1164      with Subsection (1)(b);
             1165          (v) the alleged perpetrator may be disqualified from adopting a child or being licensed
             1166      by:
             1167          (A) the department;
             1168          (B) a human services licensee;
             1169          (C) a child care provider or program; or
             1170          (D) a covered health care facility;
             1171          (vi) the alleged perpetrator has the rights described in Subsection (3); and
             1172          (vii) failure to take either action described in Subsection (3)(a) within one year after
             1173      service of the notice will result in the action described in Subsection (3)(b);
             1174          (b) shall include a general statement of the nature of the findings; and


             1175          (c) may not include:
             1176          (i) the name of a victim or witness; or
             1177          (ii) any privacy information related to the victim or a witness.
             1178          (3) (a) Upon receipt of the notice described in Subsection (2), the alleged perpetrator
             1179      shall have the right to:
             1180          (i) file a written request asking the division to review the findings made under
             1181      Subsection (1);
             1182          (ii) except as provided in Subsection (3)(c), immediately petition the juvenile court
             1183      under Section 78-3a-320 ; or
             1184          (iii) sign a written consent to:
             1185          (A) the supported finding made under Subsection (1); and
             1186          (B) entry into the Licensing Information System of:
             1187          (I) the alleged perpetrator's name; and
             1188          (II) other information regarding the supported finding made under Subsection (1).
             1189          (b) Except as provided in Subsection (3)(e), the alleged perpetrator's name and the
             1190      information described in Subsection (1)(b) shall remain in the Licensing Information System:
             1191          (i) if the alleged perpetrator fails to take the action described in Subsection (3)(a)
             1192      within one year after service of the notice described in Subsections (1)(a) and (2);
             1193          (ii) during the time that the division awaits a response from the alleged perpetrator
             1194      pursuant to Subsection (3)(a); and
             1195          (iii) until a court determines that the severe type of child abuse or neglect upon which
             1196      the Licensing Information System entry was based is unsubstantiated or without merit.
             1197          (c) The alleged perpetrator has no right to petition the juvenile court under Subsection
             1198      (3)(a)(ii) if the court previously held a hearing on the same alleged incident of abuse or neglect
             1199      pursuant to the filing of a petition under Section 78-3a-305 by some other party.
             1200          (d) Consent under Subsection (3)(a)(iii) by a child shall be given by the child's parent
             1201      or guardian.
             1202          (e) Regardless of whether an appeal on the matter is pending:
             1203          (i) an alleged perpetrator's name and the information described in Subsection (1)(b)
             1204      shall be removed from the Licensing Information System if the severe type of child abuse or
             1205      neglect upon which the Licensing Information System entry was based:


             1206          (A) is found to be unsubstantiated or without merit by the juvenile court under Section
             1207      78-3a-320 ; or
             1208          (B) is found to be substantiated, but is subsequently reversed on appeal; and
             1209          (ii) an alleged perpetrator's name and information that is removed from the Licensing
             1210      Information System under Subsection (3)(e)(i) shall be placed back on the Licensing
             1211      Information System if the court action that was the basis for removing the alleged perpetrator's
             1212      name and information is subsequently reversed on appeal.
             1213          (4) Upon the filing of a petition under Subsection (1)(c), the juvenile court shall make
             1214      a finding of substantiated, unsubstantiated, or without merit as provided in Subsections
             1215      78-3a-320 (1) and (2).
             1216          (5) Service of the notice described in Subsections (1)(a) and (2):
             1217          (a) shall be personal service in accordance with Utah Rules of Civil Procedure, Rule 4;
             1218      and
             1219          (b) does not preclude civil or criminal action against the alleged perpetrator.
             1220          Section 29. Section 62A-4a-1006 is amended to read:
             1221           62A-4a-1006. Licensing Information System -- Contents -- Juvenile court finding
             1222      -- Protected record -- Access -- Criminal penalty.
             1223          (1) (a) The division shall maintain a sub-part of the Management Information System
             1224      established pursuant to Section 62A-4a-1003 , to be known as the Licensing Information
             1225      System, to be used:
             1226          (i) for licensing purposes; or
             1227          (ii) as otherwise specifically provided for by law.
             1228          (b) The Licensing Information System shall include only the following information:
             1229          (i) the information described in Subsections 62A-4a-1005 (1)(b) and (3)(b);
             1230          (ii) consented-to supported findings by alleged perpetrators under Subsection
             1231      62A-4a-1005 (3)(a)(iii); and
             1232          (iii) the information in the licensing part of the division's Management Information
             1233      System as of May 6, 2002.
             1234          (2) Notwithstanding Subsection (1), the department's access to information in the
             1235      Management Information System for the licensure and monitoring of foster parents is governed
             1236      by Sections 62A-4a-1003 and 62A-2-121 .


             1237          (3) Subject to Subsection 62A-4a-1005 (3)(e), upon receipt of a finding from the
             1238      juvenile court under Section 78-3a-320 , the division shall:
             1239          (a) promptly amend the Licensing Information System; and
             1240          (b) enter the information in the Management Information System.
             1241          (4) (a) Information contained in the Licensing Information System is classified as a
             1242      protected record under Title 63, Chapter 2, Government Records Access and Management Act.
             1243          (b) Notwithstanding the disclosure provisions of Title 63, Chapter 2, Government
             1244      Records Access and Management Act, the information contained in the Licensing Information
             1245      System may only be used or disclosed as specifically provided in this chapter and Section
             1246      62A-2-121 .
             1247          (c) The information described in Subsection (4)(b) is accessible only to:
             1248          (i) the Office of Licensing within the department:
             1249          (A) for licensing purposes; or
             1250          (B) as otherwise specifically provided for by law;
             1251          (ii) the division to:
             1252          (A) screen a person at the request of the Office of the Guardian Ad Litem Director:
             1253          (I) at the time that person seeks a paid or voluntary position with the Office of the
             1254      Guardian Ad Litem Director; and
             1255          (II) on an annual basis, throughout the time that the person remains with the Office of
             1256      Guardian Ad Litem Director; and
             1257          (B) respond to a request for information from a person whose name is listed in the
             1258      Licensing Information System;
             1259          (iii) two persons designated by and within the Department of Health, only for the
             1260      following purposes:
             1261          (A) licensing a child care program or provider; or
             1262          (B) determining whether a person associated with a covered health care facility, as
             1263      defined by the Department of Health by rule, who provides direct care to a child, has a
             1264      supported finding of a severe type of child abuse or neglect; and
             1265          (iv) the department, as specifically provided in this chapter.
             1266          (5) The two persons designated by the Department of Health under Subsection
             1267      (4)(c)(iii) shall adopt measures to:


             1268          (a) protect the security of the Licensing Information System; and
             1269          (b) strictly limit access to the Licensing Information System to those persons
             1270      designated by statute.
             1271          (6) All persons designated by statute as having access to information contained in the
             1272      Licensing Information System shall receive training from the department with respect to:
             1273          (a) accessing the Licensing Information System;
             1274          (b) maintaining strict security; and
             1275          (c) the criminal provisions of Sections 62A-4a-412 and 63-2-801 pertaining to the
             1276      improper release of information.
             1277          (7) (a) A person, except those authorized by this chapter, may not request another
             1278      person to obtain or release any other information in the Licensing Information System to screen
             1279      for potential perpetrators of [child] abuse or neglect.
             1280          (b) A person who requests information knowing that it is a violation of this Subsection
             1281      (7) to do so is subject to the criminal penalty described in Sections 62A-4a-412 and 63-2-801 .
             1282          Section 30. Section 62A-4a-1007 is amended to read:
             1283           62A-4a-1007. False reports -- Penalties.
             1284          (1) The division shall send a certified letter to any person who submits a report of
             1285      [child] abuse or neglect that is placed into or included in any part of the Management
             1286      Information System, if the division determines, at the conclusion of its investigation, that:
             1287          (a) the report is false;
             1288          (b) it is more likely than not that the person knew the report was false at the time that
             1289      person submitted the report; and
             1290          (c) the reporting person's address is known or reasonably available.
             1291          (2) The letter shall inform the reporting person of:
             1292          (a) the division's determination made under Subsection (1);
             1293          (b) the penalty for submitting false information under Section 76-8-506 and other
             1294      applicable laws; and
             1295          (c) the obligation of the division to inform law enforcement and the person alleged to
             1296      have committed abuse or neglect:
             1297          (i) in the present instance if law enforcement considers an immediate referral of the
             1298      reporting person to law enforcement to be justified by the facts; or


             1299          (ii) if the reporting person submits a subsequent false report involving the same alleged
             1300      perpetrator or victim.
             1301          (3) The division may inform law enforcement and the alleged perpetrator of a report
             1302      for which a letter is required to be sent under Subsection (1), if an immediate referral is
             1303      justified by the facts.
             1304          (4) The division shall inform law enforcement and the alleged perpetrator of a report
             1305      for which a letter is required to be sent under Subsection (1) if a second letter is sent to the
             1306      reporting person involving the same alleged perpetrator or victim.
             1307          (5) The division shall determine, in consultation with law enforcement:
             1308          (a) what information should be given to an alleged perpetrator relating to a false report;
             1309      and
             1310          (b) whether good cause exists, as defined by the division by rule, for not informing an
             1311      alleged perpetrator about a false report.
             1312          (6) Nothing in this section may be construed as requiring the division to conduct an
             1313      investigation beyond what is described in Subsection (1), to determine whether or not a report
             1314      is false.
             1315          Section 31. Section 62A-4a-1009 is amended to read:
             1316           62A-4a-1009. Notice and opportunity to challenge supported finding in
             1317      Management Information System -- Right of judicial review.
             1318          (1) (a) Except as provided in Subsection (2), the division shall send a notice of agency
             1319      action to a person with respect to whom the division makes a supported finding. In addition, if
             1320      the alleged perpetrator is under the age of 18, the division shall:
             1321          (i) make reasonable efforts to identify the alleged perpetrator's parent or guardian; and
             1322          (ii) send a notice to each parent or guardian identified under Subsection (1)(a)(i) that
             1323      lives at a different address, unless there is good cause, as defined by rule, for not sending a
             1324      notice to a parent or guardian.
             1325          (b) Nothing in this section may be construed as affecting:
             1326          (i) the manner in which the division conducts an investigation; or
             1327          (ii) the use or effect, in any other setting, of a supported finding by the division at the
             1328      completion of an investigation for any purpose other than for notification under Subsection (1)
             1329      (a).


             1330          (2) Subsection (1) does not apply to a person who has been served with notice under
             1331      Subsection 62A-4a-1005 (1)(a).
             1332          (3) The notice described in Subsection (1) shall state:
             1333          (a) that the division has conducted an investigation regarding alleged [child] abuse,
             1334      neglect, or dependency;
             1335          (b) that the division has made a supported finding of abuse, neglect, or dependency;
             1336          (c) that facts gathered by the division support the supported finding;
             1337          (d) that the person has the right to request:
             1338          (i) a copy of the report; and
             1339          (ii) an opportunity to challenge the supported finding by the division; and
             1340          (e) that failure to request an opportunity to challenge the supported finding within 30
             1341      days of receiving the notice will result in an unappealable supported finding of [child] abuse,
             1342      neglect, or dependency unless the person can show good cause for why compliance within the
             1343      30-day requirement was virtually impossible or unreasonably burdensome.
             1344          (4) (a) A person may make a request to challenge a supported finding within 30 days of
             1345      a notice being received under this section.
             1346          (b) Upon receipt of a request under Subsection (4)(a), the Office of Administrative
             1347      Hearings shall hold an adjudicative proceeding pursuant to Title 63, Chapter 46b,
             1348      Administrative Procedures Act.
             1349          (5) (a) In an adjudicative proceeding held pursuant to this section, the division shall
             1350      have the burden of proving, by a preponderance of the evidence, that [child] abuse, neglect, or
             1351      dependency occurred and that the alleged perpetrator was substantially responsible for the
             1352      abuse or neglect that occurred.
             1353          (b) Any party shall have the right of judicial review of final agency action, in
             1354      accordance with Title 63, Chapter 46b, Administrative Procedures Act.
             1355          (6) Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, an alleged perpetrator who, after
             1356      receiving notice, fails to challenge a supported finding in accordance with this section:
             1357          (a) may not further challenge the finding; and
             1358          (b) shall have no right to:
             1359          (i) agency review of the finding;
             1360          (ii) an adjudicative hearing on the finding; or


             1361          (iii) judicial review of the finding.
             1362          (7) (a) Except as provided in Subsection (7)(b), an alleged perpetrator may not make a
             1363      request under Subsection (4) to challenge a supported finding if a court of competent
             1364      jurisdiction entered a finding, in a proceeding in which the alleged perpetrator was a party, that
             1365      the alleged perpetrator is substantially responsible for the abuse, neglect, or dependency which
             1366      was also the subject of the supported finding.
             1367          (b) Subsection (7)(a) does not apply to pleas in abeyance or diversion agreements.
             1368          (c) An adjudicative proceeding under Subsection (5) may be stayed during the time a
             1369      judicial action on the same matter is pending.
             1370          (8) Pursuant to Section 78-3a 320, an adjudicative proceeding on a supported finding
             1371      of a type of abuse or neglect that does not constitute a severe type of child abuse or neglect may
             1372      be joined in the juvenile court with an adjudicative proceeding on a supported finding of a
             1373      severe type of child abuse or neglect.
             1374          Section 32. Section 62A-4a-1010 is amended to read:
             1375           62A-4a-1010. Notice and opportunity for court hearing for persons listed in
             1376      Licensing Information System.
             1377          (1) Persons whose names were listed on the Licensing Information System as of May
             1378      6, 2002 and who have not been the subject of a court determination with respect to the alleged
             1379      incident of abuse or neglect may at any time:
             1380          (a) request review by the division of their case and removal of their name from the
             1381      Licensing Information System pursuant to Subsection (3); or
             1382          (b) file a petition for an evidentiary hearing and a request for a finding of
             1383      unsubstantiated or without merit.
             1384          (2) Subsection (1) does not apply to an individual who has been the subject of any of
             1385      the following court determinations with respect to the alleged incident of abuse or neglect:
             1386          (a) conviction;
             1387          (b) adjudication under Title 78, Chapter 3a, Juvenile Court Act of 1996;
             1388          (c) plea of guilty;
             1389          (d) plea of guilty and mentally ill; or
             1390          (e) no contest.
             1391          (3) If an alleged perpetrator listed on the Licensing Information System prior to May 6,


             1392      2002 requests removal of the alleged perpetrator's name from the Licensing Information
             1393      System, the division shall, within 30 days:
             1394          (a) (i) review the case to determine whether the incident of alleged abuse or neglect
             1395      qualifies as:
             1396          (A) a severe type of child abuse or neglect;
             1397          (B) chronic [physical] abuse; or
             1398          [(C) chronic emotional abuse; or]
             1399          [(D)] (C) chronic neglect; and
             1400          (ii) if the alleged abuse or neglect does not qualify as a type of abuse or neglect
             1401      described in Subsections (3)(a)(i)(A) through (D), remove the alleged perpetrator's name from
             1402      the Licensing Information System; or
             1403          (b) determine whether to file a petition for substantiation.
             1404          (4) If the division decides to file a petition, that petition must be filed no more than 14
             1405      days after the decision.
             1406          (5) The juvenile court shall act on the petition as provided in Subsection 78-3a-320 (3).
             1407          (6) If a person whose name appears on the Licensing Information System prior to May
             1408      6, 2002 files a petition pursuant to Section 78-3a-320 during the time that an alleged
             1409      perpetrator's application for clearance to work with children or vulnerable adults is pending, the
             1410      court shall hear the matter on an expedited basis.
             1411          Section 33. Section 76-7-304 is amended to read:
             1412           76-7-304. Considerations by physician -- Notice to a parent or guardian --
             1413      Exceptions.
             1414          (1) As used in this section:
             1415          (a) "abuse" is as defined in Section [ 62A-4a-101 ] 78-3a-103 ; and
             1416          (b) "minor" means a person who is:
             1417          (i) under 18 years of age;
             1418          (ii) unmarried; and
             1419          (iii) not emancipated.
             1420          (2) To enable the physician to exercise the physician's best medical judgment, the
             1421      physician shall consider all factors relevant to the well-being of the woman upon whom the
             1422      abortion is to be performed including:


             1423          (a) her physical, emotional and psychological health and safety;
             1424          (b) her age; and
             1425          (c) her familial situation.
             1426          (3) Subject to Subsection (4), at least 24 hours before a physician performs an abortion
             1427      on a minor, the physician shall notify a parent or guardian of the minor that the minor intends
             1428      to have an abortion.
             1429          (4) A physician is not required to comply with Subsection (3) if:
             1430          (a) subject to Subsection (5)(a):
             1431          (i) a medical condition exists that, on the basis of the physician's good faith clinical
             1432      judgment, so complicates the medical condition of a pregnant minor as to necessitate the
             1433      abortion of her pregnancy to avert:
             1434          (A) the minor's death; or
             1435          (B) a serious risk of substantial and irreversible impairment of a major bodily function
             1436      of the minor; and
             1437          (ii) there is not sufficient time to give the notice required under Subsection (3) before it
             1438      is necessary to terminate the minor's pregnancy in order to avert the minor's death or
             1439      impairment described in Subsection (4)(a)(i);
             1440          (b) subject to Subsection (5)(b):
             1441          (i) the physician complies with Subsection (6); and
             1442          (ii) (A) the minor is pregnant as a result of incest to which the parent or guardian was a
             1443      party; or
             1444          (B) the parent or guardian has abused the minor; or
             1445          (c) subject to Subsection (5)(b), the parent or guardian has not assumed responsibility
             1446      for the minor's care and upbringing.
             1447          (5) (a) If, for the reason described in Subsection (4)(a), a physician does not give the
             1448      24-hour notice described in Subsection (3), the physician shall give the required notice as early
             1449      as possible before the abortion, unless it is necessary to perform the abortion immediately in
             1450      order to avert the minor's death or impairment described in Subsection (4)(a)(i).
             1451          (b) If, for a reason described in Subsection (4)(b) or (c), a parent or guardian of a minor
             1452      is not notified that the minor intends to have an abortion, the physician shall notify another
             1453      parent or guardian of the minor, if the minor has another parent or guardian that is not exempt


             1454      from notification under Subsection (4)(b) or (c).
             1455          (6) If, for a reason described in Subsection (4)(b)(ii)(A) or (B), a physician does not
             1456      notify a parent or guardian of a minor that the minor intends to have an abortion, the physician
             1457      shall report the incest or abuse to the Division of Child and Family Services within the
             1458      Department of Human Services.
             1459          Section 34. Section 78-3a-103 is amended to read:
             1460           78-3a-103. Definitions.
             1461          (1) As used in this chapter:
             1462          [(a) "Abused child" includes a child who:]
             1463          [(i) has suffered or been threatened with nonaccidental physical or mental harm,
             1464      negligent treatment, or sexual exploitation; or]
             1465          [(ii) has been the victim of any sexual abuse.]
             1466          (a) (i) "Abuse" means:
             1467          (A) nonaccidental harm of a child;
             1468          (B) threatened harm of a child;
             1469          (C) sexual exploitation; or
             1470          (D) sexual abuse.
             1471          (ii) "Abuse" does not include:
             1472          (A) reasonable discipline or management of a child, including withholding privileges;
             1473          (B) conduct described in Section 76-2-401 ; or
             1474          (C) the use of reasonable and necessary physical restraint or force on a child:
             1475          (I) in self-defense;
             1476          (II) in defense of others;
             1477          (III) to protect the child; or
             1478          (IV) to remove a weapon in the possession of a child for any of the reasons described
             1479      in Subsections (1)(a)(ii)(C)(I) through (III).
             1480          (b) "Abused child" means a child who has been subjected to abuse.
             1481          [(b)] (c) "Adjudication" means a finding by the court, incorporated in a decree, that the
             1482      facts alleged in the petition have been proved.
             1483          [(c)] (d) "Adult" means a person 18 years of age or over, except that a person 18 years
             1484      or over under the continuing jurisdiction of the juvenile court pursuant to Section 78-3a-121


             1485      shall be referred to as a minor.
             1486          [(d)] (e) "Board" means the Board of Juvenile Court Judges.
             1487          [(e)] (f) "Child" means a person under 18 years of age.
             1488          [(f)] (g) "Child placement agency" means:
             1489          (i) a private agency licensed to receive a child for placement or adoption under this
             1490      code; or
             1491          (ii) a private agency that receives a child for placement or adoption in another state,
             1492      which agency is licensed or approved where such license or approval is required by law.
             1493          [(g)] (h) "Clandestine laboratory operation" is as defined in Section 58-37d-3 .
             1494          [(h)] (i) "Commit" means, unless specified otherwise:
             1495          (i) with respect to a child, to transfer legal custody; and
             1496          (ii) with respect to a minor who is at least 18 years of age, to transfer custody.
             1497          [(i)] (j) "Court" means the juvenile court.
             1498          [(j)] (k) "Dependent child" includes a child who is homeless or without proper care
             1499      through no fault of the child's parent, guardian, or custodian.
             1500          [(k)] (l) "Deprivation of custody" means transfer of legal custody by the court from a
             1501      parent or the parents or a previous legal custodian to another person, agency, or institution.
             1502          [(l)] (m) "Detention" means home detention and secure detention as defined in Section
             1503      62A-7-101 for the temporary care of a minor who requires secure custody in a physically
             1504      restricting facility:
             1505          (i) pending court disposition or transfer to another jurisdiction; or
             1506          (ii) while under the continuing jurisdiction of the court.
             1507          [(m)] (n) "Division" means the Division of Child and Family Services.
             1508          [(n)] (o) "Formal referral" means a written report from a peace officer or other person
             1509      informing the court that a minor is or appears to be within the court's jurisdiction and that a
             1510      petition may be filed.
             1511          [(o)] (p) "Group rehabilitation therapy" means psychological and social counseling of
             1512      one or more persons in the group, depending upon the recommendation of the therapist.
             1513          [(p)] (q) "Guardianship of the person" includes the authority to consent to:
             1514          (i) marriage;
             1515          (ii) enlistment in the armed forces;


             1516          (iii) major medical, surgical, or psychiatric treatment; or
             1517          (iv) legal custody, if legal custody is not vested in another person, agency, or
             1518      institution.
             1519          [(q)] (r) "Habitual truant" is as defined in Section 53A-11-101 .
             1520          (s) "Harm" means:
             1521          (i) physical, emotional, or developmental injury or damage;
             1522          (ii) sexual abuse; or
             1523          (iii) sexual exploitation.
             1524          (t) (i) "Incest" means engaging in sexual intercourse with a person whom the
             1525      perpetrator knows to be the perpetrator's ancestor, descendant, brother, sister, uncle, aunt,
             1526      nephew, niece, or first cousin.
             1527          (ii) The relationships described in Subsection (1)(t)(i) include:
             1528          (A) blood relationships of the whole or half blood, without regard to legitimacy;
             1529          (B) relationships of parent and child by adoption; and
             1530          (C) relationships of stepparent and stepchild while the marriage creating the
             1531      relationship of a stepparent and stepchild exists.
             1532          [(r)] (u) "Legal custody" means a relationship embodying the following rights and
             1533      duties:
             1534          (i) the right to physical custody of the minor;
             1535          (ii) the right and duty to protect, train, and discipline the minor;
             1536          (iii) the duty to provide the minor with food, clothing, shelter, education, and ordinary
             1537      medical care;
             1538          (iv) the right to determine where and with whom the minor shall live; and
             1539          (v) the right, in an emergency, to authorize surgery or other extraordinary care.
             1540          [(s)] (v) "Minor" means:
             1541          (i) a child; or
             1542          (ii) a person who is:
             1543          (A) at least 18 years of age and younger than 21 years of age; and
             1544          (B) under the jurisdiction of the juvenile court.
             1545          (w) "Molestation" means that a person, with the intent to arouse or gratify the sexual
             1546      desire of any person:


             1547          (i) touches the anus or any part of the genitals of a child;
             1548          (ii) takes indecent liberties with a child; or
             1549          (iii) causes a child to take indecent liberties with the perpetrator or another.
             1550          [(t)] (x) "Natural parent" means a minor's biological or adoptive parent, and includes
             1551      the minor's noncustodial parent.
             1552          [(u) (i) "Neglected child" means a child:]
             1553          [(A) whose parent, guardian, or custodian has abandoned the child, except as provided
             1554      in Title 62A, Chapter 4a, Part 8, Safe Relinquishment of a Newborn Child;]
             1555          [(B) whose parent, guardian, or custodian has subjected the child to mistreatment or
             1556      abuse;]
             1557          [(C) who lacks proper parental care by reason of the fault or habits of the parent,
             1558      guardian, or custodian;]
             1559          [(D) whose parent, guardian, or custodian fails or refuses to provide proper or
             1560      necessary subsistence, education, or medical care, including surgery or psychiatric services
             1561      when required, or any other care necessary for health, safety, morals, or well-being;]
             1562          [(E) who is at risk of being a neglected or abused child as defined in this chapter
             1563      because another child in the same home is a neglected or abused child as defined in this
             1564      chapter; or]
             1565          [(F) whose parent permits the minor to reside, on a permanent or temporary basis, at
             1566      the location of a clandestine laboratory operation.]
             1567          [(ii) The aspect of neglect related to education, described in Subsection (1)(u)(i)(D),
             1568      means that, after receiving notice that a child has been frequently absent from school without
             1569      good cause, or that the child has failed to cooperate with school authorities in a reasonable
             1570      manner, a parent or guardian fails to make a good faith effort to ensure that the child receives
             1571      an appropriate education.]
             1572          [(iii) A parent or guardian legitimately practicing religious beliefs and who, for that
             1573      reason, does not provide specified medical treatment for a child, is not guilty of neglect.]
             1574          [(iv) Notwithstanding Subsection (1)(u)(i), a health care decision made for a child by
             1575      the child's parent or guardian does not constitute neglect unless the state or other party to the
             1576      proceeding shows, by clear and convincing evidence, that the health care decision is not
             1577      reasonable and informed.]


             1578          [(v) Nothing in Subsection (1)(u)(iv) may prohibit a parent or guardian from exercising
             1579      the right to obtain a second health care opinion.]
             1580          (y) (i) "Neglect" means:
             1581          (A) abandonment of a child, except as provided in Title 62A, Chapter 4a, Part 8, Safe
             1582      Relinquishment of a Newborn Child;
             1583          (B) lack of proper parental care of a child by reason of the fault or habits of the parent,
             1584      guardian, or custodian;
             1585          (C) failure or refusal of a parent, guardian, or custodian to provide proper or necessary
             1586      subsistence, education, or medical care, or any other care necessary for the child's health,
             1587      safety, morals, or well-being; or
             1588          (D) a child at risk of being neglected or abused because another child in the same home
             1589      is neglected or abused.
             1590          (ii) The aspect of neglect relating to education, described in Subsection (1)(y)(i)(C),
             1591      means that, after receiving a notice of compulsory education violation under Section
             1592      53A-11-101.5 , or notice that a parent or guardian has failed to cooperate with school
             1593      authorities in a reasonable manner as required under Subsection 53A-11-101.7 (5)(a), the parent
             1594      or guardian fails to make a good faith effort to ensure that the child receives an appropriate
             1595      education.
             1596          (iii) A parent or guardian legitimately practicing religious beliefs and who, for that
             1597      reason, does not provide specified medical treatment for a child, is not guilty of neglect.
             1598          (iv) (A) Notwithstanding Subsection (1)(y)(i), a health care decision made for a child
             1599      by the child's parent or guardian does not constitute neglect unless the state or other party to the
             1600      proceeding shows, by clear and convincing evidence, that the health care decision is not
             1601      reasonable and informed.
             1602          (B) Nothing in Subsection (1)(y)(iv)(A) may prohibit a parent or guardian from
             1603      exercising the right to obtain a second health care opinion.
             1604          (z) "Neglected child" means a child who has been subjected to neglect.
             1605          [(v)] (aa) "Nonjudicial adjustment" means closure of the case by the assigned probation
             1606      officer without judicial determination upon the consent in writing of:
             1607          (i) the assigned probation officer; and
             1608          (ii) (A) the minor; or


             1609          (B) the minor and the minor's parent, legal guardian, or custodian.
             1610          (bb) "Physical abuse" means abuse that results in physical injury or damage to a child.
             1611          [(w)] (cc) "Probation" means a legal status created by court order following an
             1612      adjudication on the ground of a violation of law or under Section 78-3a-104 , whereby the
             1613      minor is permitted to remain in the minor's home under prescribed conditions and under
             1614      supervision by the probation department or other agency designated by the court, subject to
             1615      return to the court for violation of any of the conditions prescribed.
             1616          [(x)] (dd) "Protective supervision" means a legal status created by court order
             1617      following an adjudication on the ground of abuse, neglect, or dependency, whereby the minor
             1618      is permitted to remain in the minor's home, and supervision and assistance to correct the abuse,
             1619      neglect, or dependency is provided by the probation department or other agency designated by
             1620      the court.
             1621          [(y)] (ee) (i) "Residual parental rights and duties" means those rights and duties
             1622      remaining with the parent after legal custody or guardianship, or both, have been vested in
             1623      another person or agency, including:
             1624          (A) the responsibility for support;
             1625          (B) the right to consent to adoption;
             1626          (C) the right to determine the child's religious affiliation; and
             1627          (D) the right to reasonable parent-time unless restricted by the court.
             1628          (ii) If no guardian has been appointed, "residual parental rights and duties" also include
             1629      the right to consent to:
             1630          (A) marriage;
             1631          (B) enlistment; and
             1632          (C) major medical, surgical, or psychiatric treatment.
             1633          [(z)] (ff) "Secure facility" means any facility operated by or under contract with the
             1634      Division of Juvenile Justice Services, that provides 24-hour supervision and confinement for
             1635      youth offenders committed to the division for custody and rehabilitation.
             1636          (gg) "Severe abuse" means abuse that causes or threatens to cause serious harm to a
             1637      child.
             1638          (hh) "Severe neglect" means neglect that causes or threatens to cause serious harm to a
             1639      child.


             1640          (ii) "Sexual abuse" means:
             1641          (i) an act or attempted act of sexual intercourse, sodomy, incest, or molestation directed
             1642      towards a child; or
             1643          (ii) engaging in any conduct with a child that would constitute an offense under any of
             1644      the following, regardless of whether the person who engages in the conduct is actually charged
             1645      with, or convicted of, the offense:
             1646          (A) Title 76, Chapter 5, Part 4, Sexual Offenses;
             1647          (B) child bigamy, Section 76-7-101.5 ;
             1648          (C) incest, Section 76-7-102 ;
             1649          (D) lewdness or sexual battery, Section 76-9-702 ;
             1650          (E) lewdness involving a child, Section 76-9-702.5 ; or
             1651          (F) voyeurism, Section 76-9-702.7 .
             1652          (jj) "Sexual exploitation" means knowingly:
             1653          (i) employing, using, persuading, inducing, enticing, or coercing any child to:
             1654          (A) pose in the nude for the purpose of sexual arousal of any person; or
             1655          (B) engage in any sexual or simulated sexual conduct for the purpose of
             1656      photographing, filming, recording, or displaying in any way the sexual or simulated sexual
             1657      conduct;
             1658          (ii) displaying, distributing, possessing for the purpose of distribution, or selling
             1659      material depicting a child:
             1660          (A) in the nude, for the purpose of sexual arousal of any person; or
             1661          (B) engaging in sexual or simulated sexual conduct; or
             1662          (iii) engaging in any conduct that would constitute an offense under Title 76, Chapter
             1663      5a, Sexual Exploitation of Children, regardless of whether the person who engages in the
             1664      conduct is actually charged with, or convicted of, the offense.
             1665          [(aa)] (kk) "Shelter" means the temporary care of a child in a physically unrestricted
             1666      facility pending court disposition or transfer to another jurisdiction.
             1667          [(bb)] (ll) "State supervision" means a disposition that provides a more intensive level
             1668      of intervention than standard probation but is less intensive or restrictive than a community
             1669      placement with the Division of Juvenile Justice Services.
             1670          (mm) "Substance abuse" means the misuse or excessive use of alcohol or other drugs


             1671      or substances.
             1672          [(cc)] (nn) "Substantiated" is as defined in Section 62A-4a-101 .
             1673          [(dd)] (oo) "Supported" is as defined in Section 62A-4a-101 .
             1674          [(ee)] (pp) "Termination of parental rights" means the permanent elimination of all
             1675      parental rights and duties, including residual parental rights and duties, by court order.
             1676          [(ff)] (qq) "Therapist" means:
             1677          (i) a person employed by a state division or agency for the purpose of conducting
             1678      psychological treatment and counseling of a minor in its custody; or
             1679          (ii) any other person licensed or approved by the state for the purpose of conducting
             1680      psychological treatment and counseling.
             1681          [(gg)] (rr) "Unsubstantiated" is as defined in Section 62A-4a-101 .
             1682          [(hh)] (ss) "Without merit" is as defined in Section 62A-4a-101 .
             1683          (2) As used in Part 3, Abuse, Neglect, and Dependency Proceedings, with regard to the
             1684      Division of Child and Family Services:
             1685          (a) "Custody" means the custody of a minor in the Division of Child and Family
             1686      Services as of the date of disposition.
             1687          (b) "Protective custody" means the shelter of a child by the Division of Child and
             1688      Family Services from the time the child is removed from home until the earlier of:
             1689          (i) the shelter hearing; or
             1690          (ii) the child's return home.
             1691          (c) "Temporary custody" means the custody of a child in the Division of Child and
             1692      Family Services from the date of the shelter hearing until disposition.
             1693          Section 35. Section 78-3a-301 is amended to read:
             1694           78-3a-301. Court-ordered protective custody of a child following petition filing --
             1695      Grounds.
             1696          (1) After a petition has been filed under Section 78-3a-305 , if the child who is the
             1697      subject of the petition is not in the protective custody of the division, a court may order that the
             1698      child be removed from the child's home or otherwise taken into protective custody if the court
             1699      finds, by a preponderance of the evidence, that any one or more of the following circumstances
             1700      exist:
             1701          (a) (i) there is an imminent danger to the physical health or safety of the child; and


             1702          (ii) the child's physical health or safety may not be protected without removing the
             1703      child from the custody of the child's parent or guardian;
             1704          (b) (i) a parent or guardian engages in or threatens the child with unreasonable conduct
             1705      that causes the child to suffer emotional damage; and
             1706          (ii) there are no reasonable means available by which the child's emotional health may
             1707      be protected without removing the child from the custody of the child's parent or guardian;
             1708          (c) the child or another child residing in the same household has been, or is considered
             1709      to be at substantial risk of being, physically [or] abused, sexually abused, or [is considered to
             1710      be at substantial risk of being physically or] sexually [abused] exploited, by a parent or
             1711      guardian, a member of the parent's or guardian's household, or other person known to the
             1712      parent or guardian;
             1713          (d) the parent or guardian is unwilling to have physical custody of the child;
             1714          (e) the child is abandoned or left without any provision for the child's support;
             1715          (f) a parent or guardian who has been incarcerated or institutionalized has not arranged
             1716      or cannot arrange for safe and appropriate care for the child;
             1717          (g) (i) a relative or other adult custodian with whom the child is left by the parent or
             1718      guardian is unwilling or unable to provide care or support for the child;
             1719          (ii) the whereabouts of the parent or guardian are unknown; and
             1720          (iii) reasonable efforts to locate the parent or guardian are unsuccessful;
             1721          (h) the child is in immediate need of medical care;
             1722          (i) (i) a parent's or guardian's actions, omissions, or habitual action create an
             1723      environment that poses a threat to the child's health or safety; or
             1724          (ii) a parent's or guardian's action in leaving a child unattended would reasonably pose
             1725      a threat to the child's health or safety;
             1726          (j) the child or another child residing in the same household has been neglected;
             1727          (k) an infant has been abandoned, as defined in Section 78-3a-313.5 ;
             1728          (l) (i) the parent or guardian, or an adult residing in the same household as the parent or
             1729      guardian, is charged or arrested pursuant to Title 58, Chapter 37d, Clandestine Drug Lab Act;
             1730      and
             1731          (ii) any clandestine laboratory operation was located in the residence or on the property
             1732      where the child resided; or


             1733          (m) the child's welfare is otherwise endangered.
             1734          (2) (a) For purposes of Subsection (1)(a), if a child has previously been adjudicated as
             1735      abused, neglected, or dependent, and a subsequent incident of abuse, neglect, or dependency
             1736      occurs involving the same substantiated abuser or under similar circumstance as the previous
             1737      abuse, that fact constitutes prima facie evidence that the child cannot safely remain in the
             1738      custody of the child's parent.
             1739          (b) For purposes of Subsection (1)(c):
             1740          (i) another child residing in the same household may not be removed from the home
             1741      unless that child is considered to be at substantial risk of being physically [or] abused, sexually
             1742      abused, or sexually exploited as described in Subsection (1)(c) or Subsection (2)(b)(ii); and
             1743          (ii) if a parent or guardian has received actual notice that physical [or] abuse, sexual
             1744      abuse, or sexual exploitation by a person known to the parent has occurred, and there is
             1745      evidence that the parent or guardian failed to protect the child, after having received the notice,
             1746      by allowing the child to be in the physical presence of the alleged abuser, that fact constitutes
             1747      prima facie evidence that the child is at substantial risk of being physically [or] abused,
             1748      sexually abused, or sexually exploited.
             1749          (3) In the absence of one of the factors described in Subsection (1), a court may not
             1750      remove a child from the parent's or guardian's custody on the basis of:
             1751          (a) educational neglect;
             1752          (b) mental illness or poverty of the parent or guardian; or
             1753          (c) disability of the parent or guardian, as defined in Section 57-21-2 .
             1754          (4) A child removed from the custody of the child's parent or guardian under this
             1755      section may not be placed or kept in a secure detention facility pending further court
             1756      proceedings unless the child is detainable based on guidelines promulgated by the Division of
             1757      Juvenile Justice Services.
             1758          (5) This section does not preclude removal of a child from the child's home without a
             1759      warrant or court order under Section 62A-4a-202.1 .
             1760          (6) (a) Except as provided in Subsection (6)(b), a court or the Division of Child and
             1761      Family Services may not remove a child from the custody of the child's parent or guardian on
             1762      the sole or primary basis that the parent or guardian refuses to consent to:
             1763          (i) the administration of a psychotropic medication to a child;


             1764          (ii) a psychiatric, psychological, or behavioral treatment for a child; or
             1765          (iii) a psychiatric or behavioral health evaluation of a child.
             1766          (b) Notwithstanding Subsection (6)(a), a court or the Division of Child and Family
             1767      Services may remove a child under conditions that would otherwise be prohibited under
             1768      Subsection (6)(a) if failure to take an action described under Subsection (6)(a) would present a
             1769      serious, imminent risk to the child's physical safety or the physical safety of others.
             1770          Section 36. Section 78-3a-306 is amended to read:
             1771           78-3a-306. Shelter hearing.
             1772          (1) A shelter hearing shall be held within 72 hours excluding weekends and holidays
             1773      after any one or all of the following occur:
             1774          (a) removal of the child from the child's home by the division;
             1775          (b) placement of the child in the protective custody of the division;
             1776          (c) emergency placement under Subsection 62A-4a-202.1 (4);
             1777          (d) as an alternative to removal of the child, a parent enters a domestic violence shelter
             1778      at the request of the division; or
             1779          (e) a "Motion for Expedited Placement in Temporary Custody" is filed under
             1780      Subsection 78-3a-106 (4).
             1781          (2) Upon the occurrence of any of the circumstances described in Subsections (1)(a)
             1782      through (e), the division shall issue a notice that contains all of the following:
             1783          (a) the name and address of the person to whom the notice is directed;
             1784          (b) the date, time, and place of the shelter hearing;
             1785          (c) the name of the child on whose behalf a petition is being brought;
             1786          (d) a concise statement regarding:
             1787          (i) the reasons for removal or other action of the division under Subsection (1); and
             1788          (ii) the allegations and code sections under which the proceeding has been instituted;
             1789          (e) a statement that the parent or guardian to whom notice is given, and the child, are
             1790      entitled to have an attorney present at the shelter hearing, and that if the parent or guardian is
             1791      indigent and cannot afford an attorney, and desires to be represented by an attorney, one will be
             1792      provided; and
             1793          (f) a statement that the parent or guardian is liable for the cost of support of the child in
             1794      the protective custody, temporary custody, and custody of the division, and the cost for legal


             1795      counsel appointed for the parent or guardian under Subsection (2)(e), according to the financial
             1796      ability of the parent or guardian.
             1797          (3) The notice described in Subsection (2) shall be personally served as soon as
             1798      possible, but no later than one business day after removal of the child from the child's home, or
             1799      the filing of a "Motion for Expedited Placement in Temporary Custody" under Subsection
             1800      78-3a-106 (4), on:
             1801          (a) the appropriate guardian ad litem; and
             1802          (b) both parents and any guardian of the child, unless the parents or guardians cannot
             1803      be located.
             1804          (4) The following persons shall be present at the shelter hearing:
             1805          (a) the child, unless it would be detrimental for the child;
             1806          (b) the child's parents or guardian, unless the parents or guardian cannot be located, or
             1807      fail to appear in response to the notice;
             1808          (c) counsel for the parents, if one is requested;
             1809          (d) the child's guardian ad litem;
             1810          (e) the caseworker from the division who is assigned to the case; and
             1811          (f) the attorney from the attorney general's office who is representing the division.
             1812          (5) (a) At the shelter hearing, the court shall:
             1813          (i) provide an opportunity to provide relevant testimony to:
             1814          (A) the child's parent or guardian, if present; and
             1815          (B) any other person having relevant knowledge; and
             1816          (ii) subject to Section 78-3a-305.5 , provide an opportunity for the child to testify.
             1817          (b) The court:
             1818          (i) may consider all relevant evidence, in accordance with the Utah Rules of Juvenile
             1819      Procedure;
             1820          (ii) shall hear relevant evidence presented by the child, the child's parent or guardian,
             1821      the requesting party, or their counsel; and
             1822          (iii) may in its discretion limit testimony and evidence to only that which goes to the
             1823      issues of removal and the child's need for continued protection.
             1824          (6) If the child is in the protective custody of the division, the division shall report to
             1825      the court:


             1826          (a) the reason why the child was removed from the parent's or guardian's custody;
             1827          (b) any services provided to the child and the child's family in an effort to prevent
             1828      removal;
             1829          (c) the need, if any, for continued shelter;
             1830          (d) the available services that could facilitate the return of the child to the custody of
             1831      the child's parent or guardian; and
             1832          (e) subject to Subsection 78-3a-307 (8)(c), whether any relatives of the child or friends
             1833      of the child's parents may be able and willing to take temporary custody.
             1834          (7) The court shall consider all relevant evidence provided by persons or entities
             1835      authorized to present relevant evidence pursuant to this section.
             1836          (8) (a) If necessary to protect the child, preserve the rights of a party, or for other good
             1837      cause shown, the court may grant no more than one continuance, not to exceed five judicial
             1838      days.
             1839          (b) A court shall honor, as nearly as practicable, the request by a parent or guardian for
             1840      a continuance under Subsection (8)(a).
             1841          (9) (a) If the child is in the protective custody of the division, the court shall order that
             1842      the child be released from the protective custody of the division unless it finds, by a
             1843      preponderance of the evidence, that any one of the following exist:
             1844          (i) subject to Subsection (9)(b)(i), there is a substantial danger to the physical health or
             1845      safety of the child and the child's physical health or safety may not be protected without
             1846      removing the child from the custody of the child's parent;
             1847          (ii) (A) the child is suffering emotional damage; and
             1848          (B) there are no reasonable means available by which the child's emotional health may
             1849      be protected without removing the child from the custody of the child's parent;
             1850          (iii) there is a substantial risk that the child will suffer abuse or neglect if the child is
             1851      not removed from the custody of the child's parents;
             1852          (iv) subject to Subsection (9)(b)(ii), the child or a minor residing in the same
             1853      household has been [physically or sexually abused], or is considered to be at substantial risk of
             1854      being, physically [or] abused, sexually abused, or sexually exploited by a:
             1855          (A) parent;
             1856          (B) member of the parent's household; or


             1857          (C) person known to the parent;
             1858          (v) the parent is unwilling to have physical custody of the child;
             1859          (vi) the child is without any provision for the child's support;
             1860          (vii) a parent who is incarcerated or institutionalized has not or cannot arrange for safe
             1861      and appropriate care for the child;
             1862          (viii) (A) a relative or other adult custodian with whom the child is left by the parent is
             1863      unwilling or unable to provide care or support for the child;
             1864          (B) the whereabouts of the parent are unknown; and
             1865          (C) reasonable efforts to locate the parent are unsuccessful;
             1866          (ix) the child is in urgent need of medical care;
             1867          (x) the physical environment or the fact that the child is left unattended beyond a
             1868      reasonable period of time poses a threat to the child's health or safety;
             1869          (xi) the child or a minor residing in the same household has been neglected;
             1870          (xii) the parent, or an adult residing in the same household as the parent, is charged or
             1871      arrested pursuant to Title 58, Chapter 37d, Clandestine Drug Lab Act, and any clandestine
             1872      laboratory operation was located in the residence or on the property where the child resided; or
             1873          (xiii) the child's welfare is substantially endangered.
             1874          (b) (i) Prima facie evidence of the finding described in Subsection (9)(a)(i) is
             1875      established if:
             1876          (A) a court previously adjudicated that the child suffered abuse, neglect, or dependency
             1877      involving the parent; and
             1878          (B) a subsequent incident of abuse, neglect, or dependency involving the parent occurs.
             1879          (ii) For purposes of Subsection (9)(a)(iv), if the court finds that the parent knowingly
             1880      allowed the child to be in the physical care of a person after the parent received actual notice
             1881      that the person physically [or] abused, sexually abused, or sexually exploited the child, that fact
             1882      constitutes prima facie evidence that there is a substantial risk that the child will be physically
             1883      [or] abused, sexually abused, or sexually exploited.
             1884          (10) (a) (i) The court shall also make a determination on the record as to whether
             1885      reasonable efforts were made to prevent or eliminate the need for removal of the child from the
             1886      child's home and whether there are available services that would prevent the need for continued
             1887      removal.


             1888          (ii) If the court finds that the child can be safely returned to the custody of the child's
             1889      parent or guardian through the provision of those services, the court shall place the child with
             1890      the child's parent or guardian and order that those services be provided by the division.
             1891          (b) In making the determination described in Subsection (10)(a), and in ordering and
             1892      providing services, the child's health, safety, and welfare shall be the paramount concern, in
             1893      accordance with federal law.
             1894          (11) Where the division's first contact with the family occurred during an emergency
             1895      situation in which the child could not safely remain at home, the court shall make a finding that
             1896      any lack of preplacement preventive efforts was appropriate.
             1897          (12) In cases where actual sexual abuse [or], sexual exploitation, abandonment, [or
             1898      serious physical] severe abuse, or severe neglect are involved, neither the division nor the court
             1899      has any duty to make "reasonable efforts" or to, in any other way, attempt to maintain a child in
             1900      the child's home, return a child to the child's home, provide reunification services, or attempt to
             1901      rehabilitate the offending parent or parents.
             1902          (13) The court may not order continued removal of a child solely on the basis of
             1903      educational neglect as described in Subsection 78-3a-103 (1)[(u)](y)(ii).
             1904          (14) (a) Whenever a court orders continued removal of a child under this section, the
             1905      court shall state the facts on which that decision is based.
             1906          (b) If no continued removal is ordered and the child is returned home, the court shall
             1907      state the facts on which that decision is based.
             1908          (15) If the court finds that continued removal and temporary custody are necessary for
             1909      the protection of a child because harm may result to the child if the child were returned home,
             1910      the court shall order continued removal regardless of:
             1911          (a) any error in the initial removal of the child;
             1912          (b) the failure of a party to comply with notice provisions; or
             1913          (c) any other procedural requirement of this chapter or Title 62A, Chapter 4a, Child
             1914      and Family Services.
             1915          Section 37. Section 78-3a-307.1 is amended to read:
             1916           78-3a-307.1. Criminal background checks necessary prior to out-of-home
             1917      placement.
             1918          (1) Upon ordering removal of a child from the custody of the child's parent and placing


             1919      that child in the custody of the Division of Child and Family Services, prior to the division's
             1920      placement of that child in out-of-home care, the court shall require the completion of a
             1921      background check by the Utah Bureau of Criminal Identification regarding the proposed
             1922      placement.
             1923          (2) (a) The Division of Child and Family Services and the Office of the Guardian ad
             1924      Litem Director may request, or the court upon its own motion may order, the Department of
             1925      Public Safety to conduct a complete Federal Bureau of Investigation criminal background
             1926      check through the national criminal history system (NCIC).
             1927          (b) Upon request by the Division of Child and Family Services or the Office of the
             1928      Guardian ad Litem Director, or upon the court's order, persons subject to the requirements of
             1929      Subsection (1) shall submit fingerprints and shall be subject to an FBI fingerprint background
             1930      check. The child may be temporarily placed, pending the outcome of that background check.
             1931          (c) The cost of those investigations shall be borne by whoever is to receive placement
             1932      of the child, except that the Division of Child and Family Services may pay all or part of the
             1933      cost of those investigations if the person with whom the child is to be placed is unable to pay.
             1934          (3) Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, except as otherwise permitted
             1935      by federal law or rule, a child who is in the legal custody of the state may not be placed with a
             1936      prospective foster parent or a prospective adoptive parent, unless, before the child is placed
             1937      with the prospective foster parent or the prospective adoptive parent:
             1938          (a) a fingerprint based FBI national criminal history records check is conducted on the
             1939      prospective foster parent or prospective adoptive parent and each adult living in the home of
             1940      the prospective foster parent or prospective adoptive parent;
             1941          (b) the Department of Human Services conducts a check of the [child] abuse and
             1942      neglect registry in each state where the prospective foster parent or prospective adoptive parent
             1943      resided in the five years immediately preceding the day on which the prospective foster parent
             1944      or prospective adoptive parent applied to be a foster parent or adoptive parent, to determine
             1945      whether the prospective foster parent or prospective adoptive parent is listed in the registry as
             1946      having a substantiated or supported finding of [child] abuse or neglect;
             1947          (c) the Department of Human Services conducts a check of the [child] abuse and
             1948      neglect registry of each state where each adult living in the home of the prospective foster
             1949      parent or prospective adoptive parent described in Subsection (3)(b) resided in the five years


             1950      immediately preceding the day on which the prospective foster parent or prospective adoptive
             1951      parent applied to be a foster parent or adoptive parent, to determine whether the adult is listed
             1952      in the registry as having a substantiated or supported finding of [child] abuse or neglect; and
             1953          (d) each person required to undergo a background check described in this Subsection
             1954      (3) passes the background check, pursuant to the provisions of Section 62A-2-120 .
             1955          Section 38. Section 78-3a-311 is amended to read:
             1956           78-3a-311. Dispositional hearing -- Reunification services -- Exceptions.
             1957          (1) The court may:
             1958          (a) make any of the dispositions described in Section 78-3a-118 ;
             1959          (b) place the minor in the custody or guardianship of any:
             1960          (i) individual; or
             1961          (ii) public or private entity or agency; or
             1962          (c) order:
             1963          (i) protective supervision;
             1964          (ii) family preservation;
             1965          (iii) subject to Subsection 78-3a-118 (2)(n)(iii), medical or mental health treatment; or
             1966          (iv) other services.
             1967          (2) (a) (i) Whenever the court orders continued removal at the dispositional hearing,
             1968      and that the minor remain in the custody of the division, the court shall first:
             1969          (A) establish a primary permanency goal for the minor; and
             1970          (B) determine whether, in view of the primary permanency goal, reunification services
             1971      are appropriate for the minor and the minor's family, pursuant to Subsection (3).
             1972          (ii) Subject to Subsection (2)(b), if the court determines that reunification services are
             1973      appropriate for the minor and the minor's family, the court shall provide for reasonable
             1974      parent-time with the parent or parents from whose custody the minor was removed, unless
             1975      parent-time is not in the best interest of the minor.
             1976          (iii) (A) In cases where obvious sexual abuse, sexual exploitation, abandonment, [or
             1977      serious physical] severe abuse, or severe neglect are involved, neither the division nor the court
             1978      has any duty to make "reasonable efforts" or to, in any other way, attempt to provide
             1979      reunification services, or to attempt to rehabilitate the offending parent or parents.
             1980          (B) In all cases, the minor's health, safety, and welfare shall be the court's paramount


             1981      concern in determining whether reasonable efforts to reunify should be made.
             1982          (b) (i) For purposes of Subsection (2)(a)(ii), parent-time is in the best interests of a
             1983      minor unless the court makes a finding that it is necessary to deny parent-time in order to:
             1984          (A) protect the physical safety of the minor;
             1985          (B) protect the life of the minor; or
             1986          (C) prevent the minor from being traumatized by contact with the parent due to the
             1987      minor's fear of the parent in light of the nature of the alleged abuse or neglect.
             1988          (ii) Notwithstanding Subsection (2)(a)(ii), a court may not deny parent-time based
             1989      solely on a parent's failure to:
             1990          (A) prove that the parent has not used legal or illegal substances; or
             1991          (B) comply with an aspect of the child and family plan that is ordered by the court.
             1992          (c) (i) In addition to the primary permanency goal, the court shall establish a concurrent
             1993      permanency goal that shall include:
             1994          (A) a representative list of the conditions under which the primary permanency goal
             1995      will be abandoned in favor of the concurrent permanency goal; and
             1996          (B) an explanation of the effect of abandoning or modifying the primary permanency
             1997      goal.
             1998          (ii) A permanency hearing shall be conducted in accordance with Subsection
             1999      78-3a-312 (1)(b) within 30 days if something other than reunification is initially established as a
             2000      minor's primary permanency goal.
             2001          (iii) (A) The court may amend a minor's primary permanency goal before the
             2002      establishment of a final permanency plan under Section 78-3a-312 .
             2003          (B) The court is not limited to the terms of the concurrent permanency goal in the event
             2004      that the primary permanency goal is abandoned.
             2005          (C) If, at any time, the court determines that reunification is no longer a minor's
             2006      primary permanency goal, the court shall conduct a permanency hearing in accordance with
             2007      Section 78-3a-312 on or before the earlier of:
             2008          (I) 30 days from the day on which the court makes the determination described in this
             2009      Subsection (2)(c)(iii)(C); or
             2010          (II) 12 months from the day on which the minor was first removed from the minor's
             2011      home.


             2012          (d) (i) (A) If the court determines that reunification services are appropriate, it shall
             2013      order that the division make reasonable efforts to provide services to the minor and the minor's
             2014      parent for the purpose of facilitating reunification of the family, for a specified period of time.
             2015          (B) In providing the services described in Subsection (2)(d)(i)(A), the minor's health,
             2016      safety, and welfare shall be the division's paramount concern, and the court shall so order.
             2017          (ii) The court shall:
             2018          (A) determine whether the services offered or provided by the division under the child
             2019      and family plan constitute "reasonable efforts" on the part of the division;
             2020          (B) determine and define the responsibilities of the parent under the child and family
             2021      plan in accordance with Subsection 62A-4a-205 (6)(e); and
             2022          (C) identify on the record the responsibilities described in Subsection (2)(d)(ii)(B), for
             2023      the purpose of assisting in any future determination regarding the provision of reasonable
             2024      efforts, in accordance with state and federal law.
             2025          (iii) (A) The time period for reunification services may not exceed 12 months from the
             2026      date that the minor was initially removed from the minor's home.
             2027          (B) Nothing in this section may be construed to entitle any parent to an entire 12
             2028      months of reunification services.
             2029          (iv) If reunification services are ordered, the court may terminate those services at any
             2030      time.
             2031          (v) If, at any time, continuation of reasonable efforts to reunify a minor is determined
             2032      to be inconsistent with the final permanency plan for the minor established pursuant to Section
             2033      78-3a-312 , then measures shall be taken, in a timely manner, to:
             2034          (A) place the minor in accordance with the permanency plan; and
             2035          (B) complete whatever steps are necessary to finalize the permanent placement of the
             2036      minor.
             2037          (e) Any physical custody of the minor by the parent or a relative during the period
             2038      described in Subsection (2)(d) does not interrupt the running of the period.
             2039          (f) (i) If reunification services are ordered, a permanency hearing shall be conducted by
             2040      the court in accordance with Section 78-3a-312 at the expiration of the time period for
             2041      reunification services.
             2042          (ii) The permanency hearing shall be held no later than 12 months after the original


             2043      removal of the minor.
             2044          (iii) If reunification services are not ordered, a permanency hearing shall be conducted
             2045      within 30 days, in accordance with Section 78-3a-312 .
             2046          (g) With regard to a minor who is 36 months of age or younger at the time the minor is
             2047      initially removed from the home, the court shall:
             2048          (i) hold a permanency hearing eight months after the date of the initial removal,
             2049      pursuant to Section 78-3a-312 ; and
             2050          (ii) order the discontinuance of those services after eight months from the initial
             2051      removal of the minor from the home if the parent or parents have not made substantial efforts
             2052      to comply with the child and family plan.
             2053          (h) With regard to a minor in the custody of the division whose parent or parents are
             2054      ordered to receive reunification services but who have abandoned that minor for a period of six
             2055      months from the date that reunification services were ordered:
             2056          (i) the court shall terminate reunification services; and
             2057          (ii) the division shall petition the court for termination of parental rights.
             2058          (3) (a) Because of the state's interest in and responsibility to protect and provide
             2059      permanency for minors who are abused, neglected, or dependent, the Legislature finds that a
             2060      parent's interest in receiving reunification services is limited.
             2061          (b) The court may determine that:
             2062          (i) efforts to reunify a minor with the minor's family are not reasonable or appropriate,
             2063      based on the individual circumstances; and
             2064          (ii) reunification services should not be provided.
             2065          (c) In determining "reasonable efforts" to be made with respect to a minor, and in
             2066      making "reasonable efforts," the minor's health, safety, and welfare shall be the paramount
             2067      concern.
             2068          (d) (i) There is a presumption that reunification services should not be provided to a
             2069      parent if the court finds, by clear and convincing evidence, that any of the following
             2070      circumstances exist:
             2071          (A) the whereabouts of the parents are unknown, based upon a verified affidavit
             2072      indicating that a reasonably diligent search has failed to locate the parent;
             2073          (B) subject to Subsection (3)(d)(ii), the parent is suffering from a mental illness of such


             2074      magnitude that it renders the parent incapable of utilizing reunification services;
             2075          (C) the minor was previously adjudicated as an abused child due to physical [or] abuse,
             2076      sexual abuse, or sexual exploitation, and following the adjudication the minor:
             2077          (I) was removed from the custody of the minor's parent;
             2078          (II) was subsequently returned to the custody of the parent; and
             2079          (III) is being removed due to additional physical [or] abuse, sexual abuse, or sexual
             2080      exploitation;
             2081          (D) the parent:
             2082          (I) caused the death of another minor through abuse or neglect; or
             2083          (II) committed, aided, abetted, attempted, conspired, or solicited to commit:
             2084          (Aa) murder or manslaughter of a child; or
             2085          (Bb) child abuse homicide;
             2086          (E) the minor suffered severe abuse by the parent or by any person known by the
             2087      parent, if the parent knew or reasonably should have known that the person was abusing the
             2088      minor;
             2089          (F) the minor is adjudicated an abused child as a result of severe abuse by the parent,
             2090      and the court finds that it would not benefit the minor to pursue reunification services with the
             2091      offending parent;
             2092          (G) the parent's rights are terminated with regard to any other minor;
             2093          (H) the minor is removed from the minor's home on at least two previous occasions
             2094      and reunification services were offered or provided to the family at those times;
             2095          (I) the parent has abandoned the minor for a period of six months or longer;
             2096          (J) the parent permitted the child to reside, on a permanent or temporary basis, at a
             2097      location where the parent knew or should have known that a clandestine laboratory operation
             2098      was located; or
             2099          (K) any other circumstance that the court determines should preclude reunification
             2100      efforts or services.
             2101          (ii) The finding under Subsection (3)(d)(i)(B) shall be based on competent evidence
             2102      from at least two medical or mental health professionals, who are not associates, establishing
             2103      that, even with the provision of services, the parent is not likely to be capable of adequately
             2104      caring for the minor within 12 months from the day on which the court finding is made.


             2105          (4) In determining whether reunification services are appropriate, the court shall take
             2106      into consideration:
             2107          (a) failure of the parent to respond to previous services or comply with a previous child
             2108      and family plan;
             2109          (b) the fact that the minor was abused while the parent was under the influence of
             2110      drugs or alcohol;
             2111          (c) any history of violent behavior directed at the child or an immediate family
             2112      member;
             2113          (d) whether a parent continues to live with an individual who abused the minor;
             2114          (e) any patterns of the parent's behavior that have exposed the minor to repeated abuse;
             2115          (f) testimony by a competent professional that the parent's behavior is unlikely to be
             2116      successful; and
             2117          (g) whether the parent has expressed an interest in reunification with the minor.
             2118          (5) (a) If reunification services are not ordered pursuant to Subsection (3)(a), and the
             2119      whereabouts of a parent become known within six months of the out-of-home placement of the
             2120      minor, the court may order the division to provide reunification services.
             2121          (b) The time limits described in Subsection (2) are not tolled by the parent's absence.
             2122          (6) (a) If a parent is incarcerated or institutionalized, the court shall order reasonable
             2123      services unless it determines that those services would be detrimental to the minor.
             2124          (b) In making the determination described in Subsection (6)(a), the court shall
             2125      consider:
             2126          (i) the age of the minor;
             2127          (ii) the degree of parent-child bonding;
             2128          (iii) the length of the sentence;
             2129          (iv) the nature of the treatment;
             2130          (v) the nature of the crime or illness;
             2131          (vi) the degree of detriment to the minor if services are not offered;
             2132          (vii) for a minor ten years of age or older, the minor's attitude toward the
             2133      implementation of family reunification services; and
             2134          (viii) any other appropriate factors.
             2135          (c) Reunification services for an incarcerated parent are subject to the 12-month


             2136      limitation imposed in Subsection (2).
             2137          (d) Reunification services for an institutionalized parent are subject to the 12-month
             2138      limitation imposed in Subsection (2), unless the court determines that continued reunification
             2139      services would be in the minor's best interest.
             2140          (7) If, pursuant to Subsections (3)(d)(i)(B) through (K), the court does not order
             2141      reunification services, a permanency hearing shall be conducted within 30 days, in accordance
             2142      with Section 78-3a-312 .
             2143          Section 39. Section 78-3a-314 is amended to read:
             2144           78-3a-314. All proceedings -- Persons entitled to be present.
             2145          (1) A child who is the subject of a juvenile court hearing, any person entitled to notice
             2146      pursuant to Section 78-3a-306 or 78-3a-309 , preadoptive parents, foster parents, and any
             2147      relative providing care for the child, are:
             2148          (a) entitled to notice of, and to be present at, each hearing and proceeding held under
             2149      this part, including administrative and citizen reviews; and
             2150          (b) have a right to be heard at each hearing and proceeding described in Subsection
             2151      (1)(a).
             2152          (2) A child shall be represented at each hearing by the guardian ad litem appointed to
             2153      the child's case by the court. The child has a right to be present at each hearing, subject to the
             2154      discretion of the guardian ad litem or the court regarding any possible detriment to the child.
             2155          (3) (a) The parent or guardian of a child who is the subject of a petition under this part
             2156      has the right to be represented by counsel, and to present evidence, at each hearing.
             2157          (b) When it appears to the court that a parent or guardian of the child desires counsel
             2158      but is financially unable to afford and cannot for that reason employ counsel, and the child has
             2159      been placed in out-of-home care, or the petitioner is recommending that the child be placed in
             2160      out-of-home care, the court shall appoint counsel.
             2161          (4) In every abuse, neglect, or dependency proceeding under this chapter, the court
             2162      shall order that the child be represented by a guardian ad litem, in accordance with Section
             2163      78-3a-912 . The guardian ad litem shall represent the best interest of the child, in accordance
             2164      with the requirements of that section, at the shelter hearing and at all subsequent court and
             2165      administrative proceedings, including any proceeding for termination of parental rights in
             2166      accordance with Part 4, Termination of Parental Rights Act.


             2167          (5) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, counsel for all parties to the action
             2168      shall be given access to all records, maintained by the division or any other state or local public
             2169      agency, that are relevant to the abuse, neglect, or dependency proceeding under this chapter. If
             2170      the natural parent of a child is [representing himself] not represented by counsel, the natural
             2171      parent shall have access to those records. The above disclosures are not required in the
             2172      following circumstances:
             2173          (a) The division or other state or local public agency did not originally create the record
             2174      being requested. In those circumstances, the person making the request under this section shall
             2175      be informed of the following:
             2176          (i) the existence of all records in the possession of the division or any other state or
             2177      local public agency;
             2178          (ii) the name and address of the person or agency that originally created the record; and
             2179          (iii) that the person must seek access to the record from the person or agency that
             2180      originally created the record.
             2181          (b) Disclosure of the record would jeopardize the life or physical safety of a child who
             2182      has been a victim of [child] abuse or neglect, or any person who provided substitute care for
             2183      the child.
             2184          (c) Disclosure of the record would jeopardize the anonymity of the person or persons
             2185      making the initial report of abuse or neglect or any others involved in the subsequent
             2186      investigation.
             2187          (d) Disclosure of the record would jeopardize the life or physical safety of a person
             2188      who has been a victim of domestic violence.
             2189          (6) (a) The appropriate foster care citizen review board shall be given access to all
             2190      records, maintained by the division or any other state or local public agency, that are relevant to
             2191      an abuse, neglect, or dependency proceeding under this chapter.
             2192          (b) Representatives of the appropriate foster care citizen review board are entitled to be
             2193      present at each hearing held under this part, but notice is not required to be provided.
             2194          Section 40. Section 78-3a-318 is amended to read:
             2195           78-3a-318. Treatment for offender and victim -- Costs.
             2196          (1) Upon adjudication in the juvenile court of a person or persons charged with child
             2197      abuse [or], child sexual abuse, or sexual exploitation of a child the court may order treatment


             2198      for the adjudicated offender and the victim or the child victim.
             2199          (2) The adjudicated offender shall be required by the court to pay, to the extent that he
             2200      is able, the costs of that treatment together with the administrative costs incurred by the
             2201      division in monitoring completion of the ordered therapy or treatment.
             2202          (3) If the adjudicated offender is unable to pay the full cost of treatment, the court may
             2203      order the Division of Child and Family Services to pay those costs, to the extent that funding is
             2204      provided by the Legislature for that purpose, and the offender shall be required by the court to
             2205      perform public service work as compensation for the cost of treatment.
             2206          Section 41. Section 78-3a-403 is amended to read:
             2207           78-3a-403. Definitions.
             2208          As used in this chapter:
             2209          (1) "Division" means the Division of Child and Family Services within the Department
             2210      of Human Services.
             2211          (2) "Failure of parental adjustment" means that a parent or parents are unable or
             2212      unwilling within a reasonable time to substantially correct the circumstances, conduct, or
             2213      conditions that led to placement of their child outside of their home, notwithstanding
             2214      reasonable and appropriate efforts made by the Division of Child and Family Services to return
             2215      the child to that home.
             2216          (3) "Plan" means a written agreement between the parents of a child, who has been
             2217      removed from [his] the child's home by the juvenile court, and the Division of Child and
             2218      Family Services or written conditions and obligations imposed upon the parents directly by the
             2219      juvenile court, that have a primary objective of reuniting the family or, if the parents [neglect]
             2220      fail or refuse to comply with the terms and conditions of the case plan, freeing the child for
             2221      adoption.
             2222          Section 42. Section 78-3a-407 is amended to read:
             2223           78-3a-407. Grounds for termination of parental rights -- Findings regarding
             2224      reasonable efforts.
             2225          (1) The court may terminate all parental rights with respect to a parent if the court finds
             2226      any one of the following:
             2227          (a) that the parent has abandoned the child;
             2228          (b) that the parent has neglected or abused the child;


             2229          (c) that the parent is unfit or incompetent;
             2230          (d) (i) that the child is being cared for in an out-of-home placement under the
             2231      supervision of the court or the division;
             2232          (ii) that the parent has substantially neglected, wilfully refused, or has been unable or
             2233      unwilling to remedy the circumstances that cause the child to be in an out-of-home placement;
             2234      and
             2235          (iii) that there is a substantial likelihood that the parent will not be capable of
             2236      exercising proper and effective parental care in the near future;
             2237          (e) failure of parental adjustment, as defined in this chapter;
             2238          (f) that only token efforts have been made by the parent:
             2239          (i) to support or communicate with the child;
             2240          (ii) to prevent neglect of the child;
             2241          (iii) to eliminate the risk of serious [physical, mental, or emotional abuse of] harm to
             2242      the child; or
             2243          (iv) to avoid being an unfit parent;
             2244          (g) (i) that the parent has voluntarily relinquished the parent's parental rights to the
             2245      child; and
             2246          (ii) that termination is in the child's best interest;
             2247          (h) that, after a period of trial during which the child was returned to live in the child's
             2248      own home, the parent substantially and continuously or repeatedly refused or failed to give the
             2249      child proper parental care and protection; or
             2250          (i) the terms and conditions of safe relinquishment of a newborn child have been
             2251      complied with, pursuant to Title 62A, Chapter 4a, Part 8, Safe Relinquishment of a Newborn
             2252      Child.
             2253          (2) The court may not terminate the parental rights of a parent because the parent has
             2254      failed to complete the requirements of a child and family plan.
             2255          (3) (a) Except as provided in Subsection (3)(b), in any case in which the court has
             2256      directed the division to provide reunification services to a parent, the court must find that the
             2257      division made reasonable efforts to provide those services before the court may terminate the
             2258      parent's rights under Subsection (1)(b), (c), (d), (e), (f), or (h).
             2259          (b) Notwithstanding Subsection (3)(a), the court is not required to make the finding


             2260      under Subsection (3)(a) before terminating a parent's rights:
             2261          (i) under Subsection (1)(b), if the court finds that the abuse or neglect occurred
             2262      subsequent to adjudication; or
             2263          (ii) if reasonable efforts to provide the services described in Subsection (3)(a) are not
             2264      required under federal law.
             2265          Section 43. Section 78-3a-408 is amended to read:
             2266           78-3a-408. Evidence of grounds for termination.
             2267          (1) In determining whether a parent or parents have abandoned a child, it is prima facie
             2268      evidence of abandonment that the parent or parents:
             2269          (a) although having legal custody of the child, have surrendered physical custody of the
             2270      child, and for a period of six months following the surrender have not manifested to the child
             2271      or to the person having the physical custody of the child a firm intention to resume physical
             2272      custody or to make arrangements for the care of the child;
             2273          (b) have failed to communicate with the child by mail, telephone, or otherwise for six
             2274      months;
             2275          (c) failed to have shown the normal interest of a natural parent, without just cause; or
             2276          (d) have abandoned an infant, as described in Subsection 78-3a-313.5 (1).
             2277          (2) In determining whether a parent or parents are unfit or have neglected a child the
             2278      court shall consider, but is not limited to, the following circumstances, conduct, or conditions:
             2279          (a) emotional illness, mental illness, or mental deficiency of the parent that renders the
             2280      parent unable to care for the immediate and continuing physical or emotional needs of the child
             2281      for extended periods of time;
             2282          (b) conduct toward a child of a physically, emotionally, or sexually cruel or abusive
             2283      nature;
             2284          (c) habitual or excessive use of intoxicating liquors, controlled substances, or
             2285      dangerous drugs that render the parent unable to care for the child;
             2286          (d) repeated or continuous failure to provide the child with adequate food, clothing,
             2287      shelter, education, or other care necessary for the child's physical, mental, and emotional health
             2288      and development by a parent or parents who are capable of providing that care;
             2289          (e) with regard to a child who is in the custody of the division, if the parent is
             2290      incarcerated as a result of conviction of a felony, and the sentence is of such length that the


             2291      child will be deprived of a normal home for more than one year; or
             2292          (f) a history of violent behavior.
             2293          (3) A parent who, legitimately practicing the parent's religious beliefs, does not provide
             2294      specified medical treatment for a child is not, for that reason alone, a negligent or unfit parent.
             2295          (4) (a) Notwithstanding Subsection (2), a parent may not be considered neglectful or
             2296      unfit because of a health care decision made for a child by the child's parent unless the state or
             2297      other party to the proceeding shows, by clear and convincing evidence, that the health care
             2298      decision is not reasonable and informed.
             2299          (b) Nothing in Subsection (4)(a) may prohibit a parent from exercising the right to
             2300      obtain a second health care opinion.
             2301          (5) If a child has been placed in the custody of the division and the parent or parents
             2302      fail to comply substantially with the terms and conditions of a plan within six months after the
             2303      date on which the child was placed or the plan was commenced, whichever occurs later, that
             2304      failure to comply is evidence of failure of parental adjustment.
             2305          (6) The following circumstances constitute prima facie evidence of unfitness:
             2306          (a) sexual abuse, sexual exploitation, injury, or death of a sibling of the child, or of any
             2307      child, due to known or substantiated abuse or neglect by the parent or parents;
             2308          (b) conviction of a crime, if the facts surrounding the crime are of such a nature as to
             2309      indicate the unfitness of the parent to provide adequate care to the extent necessary for the
             2310      child's physical, mental, or emotional health and development;
             2311          (c) a single incident of life-threatening or gravely disabling injury to or disfigurement
             2312      of the child; or
             2313          (d) the parent has committed, aided, abetted, attempted, conspired, or solicited to
             2314      commit murder or manslaughter of a child or child abuse homicide.
             2315          Section 44. Section 78-3a-801 is amended to read:
             2316           78-3a-801. Jurisdiction over adults for offenses against minors -- Proof of
             2317      delinquency not required for conviction.
             2318          (1) The court shall have jurisdiction, concurrent with the district court or justice court
             2319      otherwise having subject matter jurisdiction, to try adults for the following offenses committed
             2320      against minors:
             2321          (a) unlawful sale or supply of alcohol beverage or product to minors in violation of


             2322      Section 32A-12-203 ;
             2323          (b) failure to report [child] abuse or neglect, as required by Title 62A, Chapter 4a, Part
             2324      4, Child Abuse or Neglect Reporting Requirements;
             2325          (c) harboring a minor in violation of Section 62A-4a-501 ;
             2326          (d) misdemeanor custodial interference in violation of Section 76-5-303 ;
             2327          (e) contributing to the delinquency of a minor in violation of Section 76-10-2301 ; and
             2328          (f) failure to comply with compulsory education requirements in violation of Section
             2329      53A-11-101.5 .
             2330          (2) It is not necessary for the minor to be found to be delinquent or to have committed
             2331      a delinquent act for the court to exercise jurisdiction under Subsection (1).
             2331a      S. Section 45. Coordinating H.B. 31 with H.B. 78 -- Technical Amendments.
             2331b              If this H.B. 31 and H.B. 78, Title 78 Recodification and Revision, both pass, it is
             2331c      the intent of the Legislature that the Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel shall
             2331d      prepare the Utah Code database for publication as follows:
             2331e              (1) in Section 62A-4a-101 of H.B. 31, change all references from "78-3a-103" to
             2331f      "78A-6-105";
             2331g              (2) amend Subsection 62A-4a-802(1)(b) to read as follows:
             2331h              "(b) Safe relinquishment of a newborn child who has not otherwise been subject
             2331i      to abuse or neglect shall not, in and of itself, constitute neglect as defined in Section
             2331j      [62A-4a-101] 78A-6-105, and the child shall not be considered a neglected child, as defined in
             2331k      Section [78-3a-103] 78A-6-105, so long as the relinquishment is carried out in substantial
             2331l      compliance with the provisions of this part.";
             2331m              (3) change the reference in Subsection 76-7-304(1)(a) from
             2331n              "62A-4a-101" to "78A-6-105";
             2331o              (4) not make the changes to Section 78-3a-103 in H.B. 31, and amend Section
             2331p      78A-6-105 in H.B. 78, to read as follows:
             2331q              "[(1)] As used in this chapter:
             2331r              [(a) "Abused child" includes a child who:]
             2331s              [(i) has suffered or been threatened with nonaccidental physical or mental
             2331t      harm, negligent treatment, or sexual exploitation; or]
             2331u              [(ii) has been the victim of any sexual abuse.]
             2331v              (1) (a) "Abuse" means:
             2331w              (i) nonaccidental harm of a child;
             2331x              (ii) threatened harm of a child; .S


             2331y      S.        (iii) sexual exploitation; or
             2331z              (iv) sexual abuse.
             2331aa              (b) "Abuse" does not include:
             2331ab              (i) reasonable discipline or management of a child, including withholding
             2331ac      privileges;
             2331ad              (ii) conduct described in Section 76-2-401; or
             2331ae              (iii) the use of reasonable and necessary physical restraint or force on a child:
             2331af              (A) in self-defense;
             2331ag              (B) in defense of others;
             2331ah              (C) to protect the child; or
             2331ai              (D) to remove a weapon in the possession of a child for any of the reasons
             2331aj      described in Subsections (1)(b)(iii)(A) through (C).
             2331ak              (2) "Abused child" means a child who has been subjected to abuse.
             2331al              [(b)](3) "Adjudication" means a finding by the court, incorporated in a decree,
             2331am      that the facts alleged in the petition have been proved.
             2331an              [(c)](4) "Adult" means a person 18 years of age or over, except that a person 18
             2331ao      years or over under the continuing jurisdiction of the juvenile court pursuant to Section
             2331ap      [78-3a-121] 78A-6-120 shall be referred to as a minor.
             2331aq              [(d)](5) "Board" means the Board of Juvenile Court Judges.
             2331ar              [(e)](6) "Child" means a person under 18 years of age.
             2331as              [(f)](7) "Child placement agency" means:
             2331at              [(i)](a) a private agency licensed to receive a child for placement or adoption
             2331au      under this code; or
             2331av              [(ii)](b) a private agency that receives a child for placement or adoption in              2331aw      another state, which agency is licensed or approved where such license or
             2331ax      approval is required by law.
             2331ay              [(g)](8) "Clandestine laboratory operation" is as defined in Section 58-37d-3.
             2331az              [(h)](9) "Commit" means, unless specified otherwise:
             2331ba              [(i)](a) with respect to a child, to transfer legal custody; and
             2331bb              [(ii)](b) with respect to a minor who is at least 18 years of age, to transfer
             2331bc      custody.
             2331bd              [(i)](10) "Court" means the juvenile court.
             2331be              [(j)](11) "Dependent child" includes a child who is homeless
             2331bf              or without proper care through no fault of the child's parent, guardian, .S


             2331bg      S. or custodian.
             2331bh              [(k)](12) "Deprivation of custody" means transfer of legal custody by the court
             2331bi      from a parent or the parents or a previous legal custodian to another person, agency, or
             2331bj      institution.
             2331bk              [(l)](13) "Detention" means home detention and secure
             2331bl              detention as defined in Section 62A-7-101 for the temporary care of a minor who
             2331bm      requires secure custody in a physically restricting facility:
             2331bn              [(i)](a) pending court disposition or transfer to another jurisdiction; or
             2331bo              [(ii)](b) while under the continuing jurisdiction of the court.
             2331bp              [(m)](14) "Division" means the Division of Child and Family Services.
             2331bq              [(n)](15) "Formal referral" means a written report from a peace officer or other
             2331br      person informing the court that a minor is or appears to be within the court's jurisdiction and
             2331bs      that a petition may be filed.
             2331bt              [(o)](16) "Group rehabilitation therapy" means psychological and social
             2331bu      counseling of one or more persons in the group, depending upon the recommendation of the
             2331bv      therapist.
             2331bw              [(p)](17) "Guardianship of the person" includes the authority to consent to:
             2331bx              [(i)](a) marriage;
             2331by              [(ii)](b) enlistment in the armed forces;
             2331bz              [(iii)](c) major medical, surgical, or psychiatric treatment; or
             2331ca              [(iv)](d) legal custody, if legal custody is not vested in another person, agency, or
             2331cb      institution.
             2331cc              [(q)](18) "Habitual truant" is as defined in Section 53A-11-101.
             2331cd              (19) "Harm" means:
             2331ce              (a) physical, emotional, or developmental injury or damage;
             2331cf              (b) sexual abuse; or
             2331cg              (c) sexual exploitation.
             2331ch              (20) (a) "Incest" means engaging in sexual intercourse with a person whom the              2331ci      perpetrator knows to be the perpetrator's ancestor, descendant, brother, sister,
             2331cj      uncle, aunt, nephew, niece, or first cousin.
             2331ck              (b) The relationships described in Subsection (20)(a) include:
             2331cl              (i) blood relationships of the whole or half blood, without regard to legitimacy;
             2331cm              (ii) relationships of parent and child by adoption; and .S


             2331cn      S.        (iii) relationships of stepparent and stepchild while the marriage creating the
             2331co      relationship of a stepparent and stepchild exists.
             2331cp              [(r)](21) "Legal custody" means a relationship embodying the following rights
             2331cq      and duties:
             2331cr              [(i)](a) the right to physical custody of the minor;
             2331cs              [(ii)](b) the right and duty to protect, train, and discipline the minor;
             2331ct              [(iii)](c) the duty to provide the minor with food, clothing, shelter, education,
             2331cu      and ordinary medical care;
             2331cv              [(iv)](d) the right to determine where and with whom the minor shall live; and
             2331cw              [(v)](e) the right, in an emergency, to authorize surgery or other extraordinary              2331cx      care.
             2331cy              [(s)](22) "Minor" means:
             2331cz              [(i)](a) a child; or
             2331da              [(ii)](b) a person who is:
             2331db              [(A)](i) at least 18 years of age and younger than 21 years of age; and
             2331dc              [(B)](ii) under the jurisdiction of the juvenile court.
             2331dd              (23) "Molestation" means that a person, with the intent to arouse or gratify the
             2331de      sexual desire of any person:
             2331df              (a) touches the anus or any part of the genitals of a child;
             2331dg              (b) takes indecent liberties with a child; or
             2331dh              (c) causes a child to take indecent liberties with the perpetrator or another.
             2331di              [(t)](24) "Natural parent" means a minor's biological or adoptive parent, and
             2331dj      includes the minor's noncustodial parent.
             2331dk              [(u)(i)"Neglected child" means a child:]
             2331dl              [(A) whose parent, guardian, or custodian has abandoned the child, except as
             2331dm      provided in Title 62A, Chapter 4a, Part 8, Safe Relinquishment of a Newborn Child;]
             2331dn              [(B) whose parent, guardian, or custodian has subjected the child to
             2331do      mistreatment or abuse;]
             2331dp              [(C) who lacks proper parental care by reason of the fault or habits of the
             2331dq      parent, guardian, or custodian;]
             2331dr              [(D) whose parent, guardian, or custodian fails or refuses to provide proper or
             2331ds      necessary subsistence, education, or medical care, including surgery or psychiatric services
             2331dt      when required, or any other care necessary for health, safety, morals, or well-being;]
             2331du              [(E) who is at risk of being a neglected or abused child as defined in this .S


             2331dv      S. chapter because another child in the same home is a neglected or abused child as defined in
             2331dw      this chapter; or]
             2331dx              [(F) whose parent permits the minor to reside, on a permanent or temporary
             2331dy      basis, at the location of a clandestine laboratory operation.]
             2331dz              [(ii) The aspect of neglect related to education, described in Subsection
             2331ea      (1)(u)(i)(D), means that, after receiving notice that a child has been frequently absent from
             2331eb      school without good cause, or that the child has failed to cooperate with school authorities in a
             2331ec      reasonable manner, a parent or guardian fails to make a good faith effort to ensure that the
             2331ed      child receives an appropriate education.]
             2331ee              [(iii) A parent or guardian legitimately practicing religious beliefs and who, for
             2331ef      that reason, does not provide specified medical treatment for a child, is not guilty of neglect.]
             2331eg              [(iv) Notwithstanding Subsection (1)(u)(i), a health care decision made for a
             2331eh      child by the child's parent or guardian does not constitute neglect unless the state or other
             2331ei      party to the proceeding shows, by clear and convincing evidence, that the health care decision
             2331ej      is not reasonable and informed.]
             2331ek              [(v) Nothing in Subsection (1)(u)(iv) may prohibit a parent or guardian from
             2331el      exercising the right to obtain a second health care opinion.]
             2331em              (25)(a) "Neglect" means:
             2331en              (i) abandonment of a child, except as provided in Title 62A, Chapter 4a, Part 8,
             2331eo      Safe Relinquishment of a Newborn Child;
             2331ep              (ii) lack of proper parental care of a child by reason of the fault or habits of the
             2331eq      parent, guardian, or custodian;
             2331er              (iii) failure or refusal of a parent, guardian, or custodian to provide proper or
             2331es      necessary subsistence, education, or medical care, or any other care necessary for the child's
             2331et      health, safety, morals, or well-being; or
             2331eu              (iv) a child at risk of being neglected or abused because another child in the
             2331ev      same home is neglected or abused.
             2331ew              (b) The aspect of neglect relating to education, described in Subsection
             2331ex      (25)(a)(iii), means that, after receiving a notice of compulsory education violation under
             2331ey      Section 53A-11-101.5, or notice that a parent or guardian has failed to cooperate with school              2331ez      authorities in a reasonable manner as required under Subsection 53A-11-101.7(5)(a), the
             2331fa      parent or guardian fails to make a good faith effort to ensure that the child receives an
             2331fb      appropriate education. .S


             2331fc      S.         (c) A parent or guardian legitimately practicing religious beliefs and who, for
             2331fd      that reason, does not provide specified medical treatment for a child, is not guilty of neglect.
             2331fe              (d)(i) Notwithstanding Subsection (25)(a), a health care decision made for a
             2331ff      child by the child's parent or guardian does not constitute neglect unless the state or other
             2331fg      party to the proceeding shows, by clear and convincing evidence, that the health care decision
             2331fh      is not reasonable and informed.
             2331fi              (ii) Nothing in Subsection (25)(d)(i) may prohibit a parent or guardian from
             2331fj      exercising the right to obtain a second health care opinion.
             2331fk              (26) "Neglected child" means a child who has been subjected to neglect.
             2331fl              [(v)](27) "Nonjudicial adjustment" means closure of the case by the assigned
             2331fm      probation officer without judicial determination upon the consent in writing of:
             2331fn              [(i)](a) the assigned probation officer; and
             2331fo              [(ii)(A)](b)(i) the minor; or
             2331fp              [(B)](ii) the minor and the minor's parent, legal guardian, or custodian.
             2331fq              (28) "Physical abuse" means abuse that results in physical injury or damage to
             2331fr      a child.
             2331fs              [(w)](29) "Probation" means a legal status created by court order following an
             2331ft      adjudication on the ground of a violation of law or under Section [78-3a-104] 78A-6-103,
             2331fu      whereby the minor is permitted to remain in the minor's home under prescribed conditions
             2331fv      and under supervision by the probation department or other agency designated by the court,
             2331fw      subject to return to the court for violation of any of the conditions prescribed.
             2331fx              [(x)](30) "Protective supervision" means a legal status created by court order
             2331fy      following an adjudication on the ground of abuse, neglect, or dependency, whereby the minor
             2331fz      is permitted to remain in the minor's home, and supervision and assistance to correct the
             2331ga      abuse, neglect, or dependency is provided by the probation department or other agency
             2331gb      designated by the court.
             2331gc              [(y)(i)](31)(a) "Residual parental rights and duties" means those rights and
             2331gd      duties remaining with the parent after legal custody or guardianship, or both, have been
             2331ge      vested in another person or agency, including:
             2331gf              [(A)](i) the responsibility for support;
             2331gg              [(B)](ii) the right to consent to adoption;
             2331gh              [(C)](iii) the right to determine the child's religious affiliation; and
             2331gi              [(D)](iv) the right to reasonable parent-time unless restricted by the court.
             2331gj              [(ii)](b) If no guardian has been appointed, "residual parental rights and .S


             2331gk      S. duties" also include the right to consent to:
             2331gl              [(A)](i) marriage;
             2331gm              [(B)](ii) enlistment; and
             2331gn              [(C)](iii) major medical, surgical, or psychiatric treatment.
             2331go              [(z)](32) "Secure facility" means any facility operated by or under contract with
             2331gp      the Division of Juvenile Justice Services, that provides 24-hour supervision and confinement
             2331gq      for youth offenders committed to the division for custody and rehabilitation.
             2331gr              (33) "Severe abuse" means abuse that causes or threatens to cause serious harm
             2331gs      to a child.
             2331gt              (34) "Severe neglect" means neglect that causes or threatens to cause serious
             2331gu      harm to a child.
             2331gv              (35) "Sexual abuse" means:
             2331gw              (a) an act or attempted act of sexual intercourse, sodomy, incest, or molestation
             2331gx      directed towards a child; or
             2331gy              (b) engaging in any conduct with a child that would constitute an offense under
             2331gz      any of the following, regardless of whether the person who engages in the conduct is actually
             2331ha      charged with, or convicted of, the offense:
             2331hb              (i) Title 76, Chapter 5, Part 4, Sexual Offenses;
             2331hc              (ii) child bigamy, Section 76-7-101.5;
             2331hd              (iii) incest, Section 76-7-102;
             2331he              (iv) lewdness or sexual battery, Section 76-9-702;
             2331hf              (v) lewdness involving a child, Section 76-9-702.5; or
             2331hg              (vi) voyeurism, Section 76-9-702.7.
             2331hh              (36) "Sexual exploitation" means knowingly:
             2331hi              (a) employing, using, persuading, inducing, enticing, or coercing any child to:
             2331hj              (i) pose in the nude for the purpose of sexual arousal of any person; or
             2331hk              (ii) engage in any sexual or simulated sexual conduct for the purpose of
             2331hl      photographing, filming, recording, or displaying in any way the sexual or
             2331hm      simulated sexual conduct;
             2331hn              (b) displaying, distributing, possessing for the purpose of distribution, or selling
             2331ho      material depicting a child:
             2331hp              (i) in the nude, for the purpose of sexual arousal of any person; or
             2331hq              (ii) engaging in sexual or simulated sexual conduct; or
             2331hr              (c) engaging in any conduct that would constitute an offense under Title 76, .S


             2331hs      S.Chapter 5a, Sexual Exploitation of Children, regardless of whether the person who engages in
             2331ht      the conduct is actually charged with, or convicted of, the offense.
             2331hu              [(aa)](37) "Shelter" means the temporary care of a child in a physically
             2331hv      unrestricted facility pending court disposition or transfer to another jurisdiction.
             2331hw              [(bb)](38) "State supervision" means a disposition that provides a more
             2331hx      intensive level of intervention than standard probation but is less intensive or restrictive than a
             2331hy      community placement with the Division of Juvenile Justice Services.
             2331hz              (39) "Substance abuse" means the misuse or excessive use of
             2331ia              alcohol or other drugs or substances.
             2331ib              [(cc)](40) "Substantiated" is as defined in Section 62A-4a-101.
             2331ic              [(dd)](41) "Supported" is as defined in Section 62A-4a-101.
             2331id              [(ee)](42) "Termination of parental rights" means the permanent elimination of
             2331ie      all parental rights and duties, including residual parental rights and duties, by court order.
             2331if              [(ff)](43)    "Therapist" means:
             2331ig              [(i)](a) a person employed by a state division or agency for the purpose of
             2331ih      conducting psychological treatment and counseling of a minor in its custody; or
             2331ii              [(ii)](b) any other person licensed or approved by the state for the purpose of
             2331ij      conducting psychological treatment and counseling.
             2331ik              [(gg)](44) "Unsubstantiated" is as defined in Section 62A-4a-101.
             2331il              [(hh)](45) "Without merit" is as defined in Section 62A-4a-101.
             2331im              [(2) As used in Part 3, Abuse, Neglect, and Dependency Proceedings, with
             2331in      regard to the Division of Child and Family Services:]
             2331io              [(a) "Custody" means the custody of a minor in the Division of Child and
             2331ip      Family Services as of the date of disposition.]
             2331iq              [(b) "Protective custody" means the shelter of a child by the Division of Child
             2331ir      and Family Services from the time the child is removed from home until the earlier of:]
             2331is              [(i) the shelter hearing; or]
             2331it              [(ii) the child's return home.]
             2331iu              [(c) "Temporary custody" means the custody of a child in the Division of Child
             2331iv      and Family Services from the date of the shelter hearing until disposition.]";
             2331iw              (5) amend Subsection 78A-6-306(13) in H.B. 78 to read as follows:
             2331ix              "(13) The court may not order continued removal of a child solely on the basis
             2331iy      of educational neglect as described in Subsection [78-3a-103(1)(u)(ii)] 78A-6-105(25)(a)(iii).";
             2331iz              (6) amend Subsection 78-3a-306(13) in H.B. 31 to read as follows: .S


             2331ja      S.        "(13) The court may not order continued removal of a child solely on the basis
             2331jb      of educational neglect as described in Subsection [78-3a-103(1)(u)(ii)] 78A-6-105(25)(a)(iii).";
             2331jc              (7) merge the changes in Subsections 78-3a-301(1)(c) and (2)(b) of H.B. 31 into
             2331jd      Subsections 78A-6-302(1)(c) and (2)(b) of H.B. 78;
             2331je              (8) merge the changes in Subsections 78-3a-306(9)(a)(iv), (9)(b)(ii), and (12) of
             2331jf      H.B. 31 into Subsections 78A-6-306(9)(a)(iv), (9)(b)(ii), and (12) of H.B. 78;
             2331jg              (9) merge the changes in Subsections 78-3a-307.1(3)(b) and (3)(c) of H.B. 31 into
             2331jh      Subsections 78A-6-308(3)(b) and (3)(c) of H.B. 78;
             2331ji              (10) merge the changes in Subsections 78-3a-311(2)(a)(iii)(A) and (3)(d)(i)(C) of
             2331jj      H.B. 31 into Subsections 78A-6-312(2)(a)(iii)(A) and (3)(d)(i)(C) of H.B. 78;
             2331jk              (11) merge the changes in Subsection 78-3a-314(5) of H.B. 31 into Subsection
             2331jl      78A-6-317(5) of H.B. 78;
             2331jm              (12) merge the changes in Subsection 78-3a-318(1) of H.B. 31 into Subsection
             2331jn      78A-6-321(1) of H.B. 78;
             2331jo              (13) merge the changes in Subsection 78-3a-403(3) of H.B. 31 into Subsection
             2331jp      78A-6-502(3) of H.B. 78;
             2331jq              (14) merge the changes in Subsection 78-3a-407(1)(f)(iii) of H.B. 31 into
             2331jr      Subsection 78A-6-507(1)(f)(iii) of H.B. 78;
             2331js              (15) merge the changes in Subsection 78-3a-408(6)(a) of H.B. 31 into Subsection
             2331jt      78A-6-508(6)(a) of H.B. 78; and
             2331ju              (16) merge the changes in Subsection 78-3a-801(1)(b) of H.B. 31 into Subsection
             2331jv      78A-6-1001(1)(b) of H.B. 78. .S




Legislative Review Note
    as of 10-22-07 7:31 AM


Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel


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