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H.B. 10 Enrolled

             1     

DISCLOSURE OF IDENTITY TO OFFICER

             2     
2008 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Chief Sponsor: Curtis Oda

             5     
Senate Sponsor: Jon J. Greiner

             6     
             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill modifies the Utah Criminal Code by making it a class B misdemeanor for a
             10      person to fail to disclose the person's identity to a peace officer under specified
             11      circumstances, and modifies the Utah Code of Criminal Procedure by providing that a
             12      peace officer may arrest a person for this offense without a warrant.
             13      Highlighted Provisions:
             14          This bill:
             15          .    provides that it is a class B misdemeanor for a person to fail to disclose the person's
             16      name when disclosure is demanded by a peace officer after the peace officer stops
             17      the person based on a reasonable suspicion that the person has committed, is in the
             18      act of committing, or is attempting to commit a criminal offense, and provides
             19      certain exceptions;
             20          .    provides that a peace officer may, without a warrant, arrest a person for failure to
             21      disclose identity if the peace officer has reasonable cause to believe that the person
             22      committed the offense; and
             23          .    makes technical changes.
             24      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             25          None
             26      Other Special Clauses:
             27          None
             28      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             29      AMENDS:


             30          77-7-2, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1999, Chapter 174
             31      ENACTS:
             32          76-8-301.5, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             33     
             34      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             35          Section 1. Section 76-8-301.5 is enacted to read:
             36          76-8-301.5. Failure to disclose identity.
             37          (1) A person is guilty of failure to disclose identity if during the period of time that the
             38      person is lawfully subjected to a stop as described in Section 77-7-15 :
             39          (a) a peace officer demands that the person disclose the person's name;
             40          (b) the demand described in Subsection (1)(a) is reasonably related to the circumstances
             41      justifying the stop;
             42          (c) the disclosure of the person's name by the person does not present a reasonable
             43      danger of self-incrimination in the commission of a crime; and
             44          (d) the person fails to disclose the person's name.
             45          (2) Failure to disclose identity is a class B misdemeanor.
             46          Section 2. Section 77-7-2 is amended to read:
             47           77-7-2. Arrest by peace officers.
             48          A peace officer may make an arrest under authority of a warrant or may, without
             49      warrant, arrest a person:
             50          (1) (a) for any public offense committed or attempted in the presence of any peace
             51      officer; and
             52          (b) as used in this Subsection (1), "presence" includes all of the physical senses or any
             53      device that enhances the acuity, sensitivity, or range of any physical sense, or records the
             54      observations of any of the physical senses;
             55          (2) when [he] the peace officer has reasonable cause to believe a felony or a class A
             56      misdemeanor has been committed and has reasonable cause to believe that the person arrested
             57      has committed it;


             58          (3) when [he] the peace officer has reasonable cause to believe the person has
             59      committed a public offense, and there is reasonable cause for believing the person may:
             60          (a) flee or conceal himself to avoid arrest;
             61          (b) destroy or conceal evidence of the commission of the offense; or
             62          (c) injure another person or damage property belonging to another person; or
             63          (4) when the peace officer has reasonable cause to believe the person has committed the
             64      offense of failure to disclose identity under Section 76-8-301.5 .


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