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H.B. 18 Enrolled
8 LONG TITLE
9 General Description:
10 This bill modifies the Criminal Code regarding materials harmful to minors.
11 Highlighted Provisions:
12 This bill:
13 . amends the intent of a person dealing with material harmful to minors to include
14 persons who believe the victim is a minor;
15 . modifies the definition of "restrict" regarding access to material harmful to minors by
16 removing "age verification mechanism" as a form of restriction;
17 . amends the definition of "service provider" to include only Internet service
19 . allows a provider to comply with the requirement to provide filtering for users by
20 referring users to a third party that provides filtering software; and
21 . removes certain criminal penalties, imposes the standard of intentionally and
22 knowingly, and imposes civil financial penalties regarding failure to comply with
23 requirements that Internet service providers:
24 . provide information about filtering content; and
25 . restrict access to material harmful to minors.
26 Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
28 Other Special Clauses:
30 Utah Code Sections Affected:
32 76-10-1201, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapters 123, and 337
33 76-10-1206, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 337
34 76-10-1230, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 337
35 76-10-1231, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 337
36 76-10-1233, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 322
38 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
39 Section 1. Section 76-10-1201 is amended to read:
40 76-10-1201. Definitions.
41 For the purpose of this part:
42 (1) "Blinder rack" means an opaque cover that covers the lower 2/3 of a material so
43 that the lower 2/3 of the material is concealed from view.
44 (2) "Contemporary community standards" means those current standards in the vicinage
45 where an offense alleged under this part has occurred, is occurring, or will occur.
46 (3) "Distribute" means to transfer possession of materials whether with or without
48 (4) "Exhibit" means to show.
49 (5) (a) "Harmful to minors" means that quality of any description or representation, in
50 whatsoever form, of nudity, sexual conduct, sexual excitement, or sadomasochistic abuse when
52 (i) taken as a whole, appeals to the prurient interest in sex [
53 (ii) is patently offensive to prevailing standards in the adult community as a whole with
54 respect to what is suitable material for minors; and
55 (iii) taken as a whole, does not have serious value for minors.
56 (b) Serious value includes only serious literary, artistic, political or scientific value for
58 (6) (a) "Knowingly," regarding material or a performance, means an awareness,
59 whether actual or constructive, of the character of the material or [
60 (b) As used in this Subsection (6), a person has constructive knowledge if a reasonable
61 inspection or observation under the circumstances would have disclosed the nature of the
62 subject matter and if a failure to inspect or observe is either for the purpose of avoiding the
63 disclosure or is criminally negligent as described in Section 76-2-103 .
64 (7) "Material" means anything printed or written or any picture, drawing, photograph,
65 motion picture, or pictorial representation, or any statue or other figure, or any recording or
66 transcription, or any mechanical, chemical, or electrical reproduction, or anything which is or
67 may be used as a means of communication. Material includes undeveloped photographs, molds,
68 printing plates, and other latent representational objects.
69 (8) "Minor" means any person less than 18 years of age.
70 (9) "Negligently" means simple negligence, the failure to exercise that degree of care
71 that a reasonable and prudent person would exercise under like or similar circumstances.
72 (10) "Nudity" means:
73 (a) the showing of the human male or female genitals, pubic area, or buttocks, with less
74 than an opaque covering;
75 (b) the showing of a female breast with less than an opaque covering, or any portion of
76 the female breast below the top of the areola; or
77 (c) the depiction of covered male genitals in a discernibly turgid state.
78 (11) "Performance" means any physical human bodily activity, whether engaged in
79 alone or with other persons, including singing, speaking, dancing, acting, simulating, or
81 (12) "Public place" includes a place to which admission is gained by payment of a
82 membership or admission fee, however designated, notwithstanding its being designated a
83 private club or by words of like import.
84 (13) "Sado-masochistic abuse" means:
85 (a) flagellation or torture by or upon a person who is nude or clad in undergarments, a
86 mask, or in a revealing or bizarre costume; or
87 (b) the condition of being fettered, bound, or otherwise physically restrained on the part
88 of a person clothed as described in Subsection (13)(a).
89 (14) "Sexual conduct" means acts of masturbation, sexual intercourse, or any touching
90 of a person's clothed or unclothed genitals, pubic area, buttocks, or, if the person is a female,
91 breast, whether alone or between members of the same or opposite sex or between humans and
92 animals in an act of apparent or actual sexual stimulation or gratification.
93 (15) "Sexual excitement" means a condition of human male or female genitals when in a
94 state of sexual stimulation or arousal, or the sensual experiences of humans engaging in or
95 witnessing sexual conduct or nudity.
96 Section 2. Section 76-10-1206 is amended to read:
97 76-10-1206. Dealing in material harmful to a minor -- Exemptions for Internet
98 service providers and hosting companies.
99 (1) A person is guilty of dealing in material harmful to minors when, knowing or
100 believing that a person is a minor, or having negligently failed to determine the proper age of a
101 minor, the person intentionally:
102 (a) [
103 minor or a person the actor believes to be a minor, any material harmful to minors;
104 (b) [
106 (c) [
107 actor believes to be a minor, that is harmful to minors.
108 (2) (a) Each separate offense under this section is a third degree felony punishable by:
109 (i) a minimum mandatory fine of not less than $1,000 plus $10 for each article exhibited
110 up to the maximum allowed by law; and
111 (ii) incarceration, without suspension of sentence, for a term of not less than 14 days.
112 (b) This section supersedes Section 77-18-1 .
113 (3) (a) If a defendant has already been convicted once under this section, each separate
114 further offense is a second degree felony punishable by:
115 (i) a minimum mandatory fine of not less than $5,000 plus $10 for each article exhibited
116 up to the maximum allowed by law; and
117 (ii) incarceration, without suspension of sentence, for a term of not less than one year.
118 (b) This section supersedes Section 77-18-1 .
119 (c) (i) This section does not apply to an Internet service provider, as defined in Section
120 76-10-1230 , a provider of an electronic communications service as defined in 18 U.S.C. Sec.
121 2510, a telecommunications service, information service, or mobile service as defined in 47
122 U.S.C. Sec. 153, including a commercial mobile service as defined in 47 U.S.C. Sec. 332(d), or
123 a cable operator as defined in 47 U.S.C. Sec. 522, if:
124 (A) the distribution of pornographic material by the Internet service provider occurs
125 only incidentally through the [
126 (I) transmitting or routing data from one person to another person; or
127 (II) providing a connection between one person and another person;
128 (B) the [
129 of the pornographic material; and
130 (C) the [
131 a person who distributes the pornographic material [
132 generally charged by the provider, as a specific condition for permitting the person to distribute
133 the pornographic material.
134 (ii) This section does not apply to a hosting company, as defined in Section 76-10-1230 ,
136 (A) the distribution of pornographic material by the hosting company occurs only
137 incidentally through the hosting company's function of providing data storage space or data
138 caching to a person;
139 (B) the hosting company does not intentionally engage, aid, or abet in the distribution
140 of the pornographic material; and
141 (C) the hosting company does not knowingly receive [
142 who distributes the pornographic material [
143 charged by the provider, as a specific condition for permitting the person to distribute, store, or
144 cache the pornographic material.
145 (4) [
146 this section if it complies with Section 76-10-1231 .
149 Section 3. Section 76-10-1230 is amended to read:
150 76-10-1230. Definitions.
151 As used in Sections 76-10-1231 and 76-10-1233 :
160 service provided by a service provider for personal or residential use.
162 hosts content in Utah, and that creates, collects, acquires, or organizes electronic data for
163 electronic delivery to a consumer with the intent of making a profit.
165 storing or distributing content over the Internet without editorial or creative alteration of the
167 (b) A hosting company may have policies concerning acceptable use without becoming
168 a content provider under Subsection [
170 providing a computer communications facility in Utah, with the intent of making a profit,
171 through which a consumer may obtain access to the Internet.
172 (b) "Internet service provider" does not include a common carrier if it provides only
173 telecommunications service.
175 harmful to minors provided by the content provider in a way that:
176 (a) accurately apprises a consumer of the presence of material harmful to minors; and
177 (b) allows the consumer the ability to control access to material harmful to minors
178 based on the material's rating by use of reasonably priced commercially available software,
179 including software in the public domain.
180 (6) "Restrict" means to limit access to material harmful to minors by:
181 (a) properly rating content; or
182 (b) any other reasonable measures feasible under available technology.
183 (7) (a) Except as provided in Subsection (7)(b), "service provider" means[
184 Internet service provider[
186 (b) "Service provider" does not include a person who does not terminate a service in
187 this state, but merely transmits data through:
188 (i) a wire;
189 (ii) a cable; or
190 (iii) an antenna.
191 (c) "Service provider," notwithstanding Subsection (7)(b), includes a person who meets
192 the requirements of Subsection (7)(a) and leases or rents a wire or cable for the transmission of
194 Section 4. Section 76-10-1231 is amended to read:
195 76-10-1231. Data service providers -- Internet content harmful to minors.
196 (1) (a) Upon request by a consumer, a service provider shall filter content to prevent
197 the transmission of material harmful to minors to the consumer.
198 (b) A service provider complies with Subsection (1)(a) if it uses a generally accepted
199 and commercially reasonable method of filtering.
200 (2) At the time of a consumer's subscription to a service provider's service, or at the
201 time this section takes effect if the consumer subscribes to the service provider's service at the
202 time this section takes effect, the service provider shall notify the consumer in a conspicuous
203 manner that the consumer may request to have material harmful to minors blocked under
204 Subsection (1).
205 (3) (a) A service provider may comply with Subsection (1) by:
206 (i) providing in-network filtering to prevent receipt of material harmful to minors,
207 provided that the filtering does not affect or interfere with access to Internet content for
208 consumers who do not request filtering under Subsection (1); or
209 (ii) providing software, [
210 users to a third party that provides filtering software, by providing a clear and conspicuous
211 hyperlink or written statement, for [
212 that blocks, in an easy-to-enable and commercially reasonable manner, receipt of material
213 harmful to minors.
214 (b) A service provider may charge a consumer for providing filtering under Subsection
216 (4) If the attorney general determines that a service provider violates Subsection (1) or
217 (2), the attorney general shall:
218 (a) notify the service provider that the service provider is in violation of Subsection (1)
219 or (2); and
220 (b) notify the service provider that the service provider has 30 days to comply with the
221 provision being violated or be subject to Subsection (5).
222 (5) A service provider that intentionally or knowingly violates Subsection (1) or (2) is[
224 $10,000 per day[
229 (6) A proceeding to impose a civil fine under Subsection (5)[
230 by the attorney general in a court of competent jurisdiction.
231 (7) (a) The Division of Consumer Protection within the Department of Commerce shall,
232 in consultation with other entities as the Division of Consumer Protection considers appropriate,
233 test the effectiveness of a service provider's system for blocking material harmful to minors
234 under Subsection (1) at least annually.
235 (b) The results of testing by the Division of Consumer Protection under Subsection
236 (7)(a) shall be made available to:
237 (i) the service provider that is the subject of the test; and
238 (ii) the public.
239 (c) The Division of Consumer Protection shall make rules in accordance with Title 63,
240 Chapter 46a, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act, to fulfil its duties under this section.
241 Section 5. Section 76-10-1233 is amended to read:
242 76-10-1233. Content providers -- Material harmful to minors.
243 (1) A content provider that is domiciled in Utah, or generates or hosts content in Utah,
244 shall restrict access to material harmful to minors.
245 (2) If the attorney general determines that a content provider violates Subsection (1),
246 the attorney general shall:
247 (a) notify the content provider that the content provider is in violation of Subsection
248 (1); and
249 (b) notify the content provider that the content provider has 30 days to comply with
250 Subsection (1) or be subject to Subsection (3).
251 (3) (a) If a content provider intentionally or knowingly violates this section more than
252 30 days after receiving the notice provided[
254 Subsection (1), up to $10,000 per day.
255 (b) A proceeding to impose the civil fine under this section may be brought only by the
256 state attorney general and shall be brought in a court of competent jurisdiction.
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