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H.B. 31 Enrolled

             1     

CHILD WELFARE DEFINITIONS

             2     
2008 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Chief Sponsor: Wayne A. Harper

             5     
Senate Sponsor: Margaret Dayton

             6     
             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill amends definitions and related provisions in the Child and Family Services
             10      chapter of the Utah Human Services Code and in the Juvenile Court Act of 1996.
             11      Highlighted Provisions:
             12          This bill:
             13          .    eliminates overlapping portions of definitions;
             14          .    modifies definitions;
             15          .    adds new definitions;
             16          .    simplifies and consolidates definitions;
             17          .    establishes consistency between definitions in the Child and Family Services chapter
             18      of the Utah Human Services Code and the Juvenile Court Act of 1996;
             19          .    modifies portions of the Child and Family Services chapter of the Utah Human
             20      Services Code and the Juvenile Court Act of 1996 to conform with the changes to,
             21      and addition of, definitions in this bill; and
             22          .    makes technical changes.
             23      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             24          None
             25      Other Special Clauses:
             26          This bill coordinates with H.B. 78 by providing technical amendments.
             27      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             28      AMENDS:
             29          62A-4a-101, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapters 75, and 281


             30          62A-4a-107.5, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2000, Chapter 290
             31          62A-4a-113, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2002, Chapter 149
             32          62A-4a-201, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapter 75
             33          62A-4a-202.4, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1998, Chapter 263
             34          62A-4a-202.6, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapter 55
             35          62A-4a-203, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapter 75
             36          62A-4a-301, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 1994, Chapter 260
             37          62A-4a-302, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 1994, Chapter 260
             38          62A-4a-303, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 1994, Chapter 260
             39          62A-4a-304, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1996, Chapter 242
             40          62A-4a-305, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 1994, Chapter 260
             41          62A-4a-306, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 1994, Chapter 260
             42          62A-4a-309, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2000, Chapter 321
             43          62A-4a-311, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2003, Chapter 246
             44          62A-4a-401, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 1994, Chapter 260
             45          62A-4a-402, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapter 281
             46          62A-4a-403, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1999, Chapter 21
             47          62A-4a-405, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 1994, Chapter 260
             48          62A-4a-406, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 1994, Chapter 260
             49          62A-4a-409, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapter 75
             50          62A-4a-411, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 1994, Chapter 260
             51          62A-4a-412, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapters 77, and 281
             52          62A-4a-414, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 169
             53          62A-4a-802, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2002, Chapter 246
             54          62A-4a-1002, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapter 77
             55          62A-4a-1003, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 152
             56          62A-4a-1005, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapter 77
             57          62A-4a-1006, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapter 77


             58          62A-4a-1007, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapter 77
             59          62A-4a-1009, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapter 77
             60          62A-4a-1010, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapter 77
             61          76-7-304, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapter 207
             62          78-3a-103, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapters 75, 97, and 281
             63          78-3a-301, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 111
             64          78-3a-306, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 169
             65          78-3a-307.1, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 152
             66          78-3a-311, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapters 75, and 97
             67          78-3a-314, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 152
             68          78-3a-318, as enacted by Laws of Utah 1996, Chapter 1 and last amended by Laws of
             69      Utah 1996, Chapter 318
             70          78-3a-403, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1996, Chapter 318
             71          78-3a-407, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapter 281
             72          78-3a-408, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2005, Chapter 95
             73          78-3a-801, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 81
             74     
             75      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             76          Section 1. Section 62A-4a-101 is amended to read:
             77           62A-4a-101. Definitions.
             78          As used in this chapter:
             79          [(1) (a) "Abuse" means:]
             80          [(i) actual or threatened nonaccidental physical or mental harm;]
             81          [(ii) negligent treatment;]
             82          [(iii) sexual exploitation; or]
             83          [(iv) any sexual abuse.]
             84          [(b) "Abuse" does not include:]
             85          [(i) reasonable discipline or management of a child, including withholding privileges;]


             86          [(ii) conduct described in Section 76-2-401 ; or]
             87          [(iii) the use of reasonable and necessary physical restraint or force on a child:]
             88          [(A) in self-defense;]
             89          [(B) in defense of others;]
             90          [(C) to protect the child; or]
             91          [(D) to remove a weapon in the possession of a child for any of the reasons described in
             92      Subsections (1)(b)(iii)(A) through (C).]
             93          (1) "Abuse" is as defined in Section 78-3a-103 .
             94          (2) "Adoption services" means:
             95          (a) placing children for adoption;
             96          (b) subsidizing adoptions under Section 62A-4a-105 ;
             97          (c) supervising adoption placements until the adoption is finalized by the court;
             98          (d) conducting adoption studies;
             99          (e) preparing adoption reports upon request of the court; and
             100          (f) providing postadoptive placement services, upon request of a family, for the purpose
             101      of stabilizing a possible disruptive placement.
             102          (3) "Board" means the Board of Child and Family Services established in accordance
             103      with Sections 62A-1-105 , 62A-1-107 , and 62A-4a-102 .
             104          (4) "Child" means, except as provided in Part 7, Interstate Compact on Placement of
             105      Children, a person under 18 years of age.
             106          (5) "Consumer" means a person who receives services offered by the division in
             107      accordance with this chapter.
             108          (6) "Chronic [physical] abuse" means repeated or patterned [physical] abuse.
             109          (7) "Chronic neglect" means [a] repeated or patterned [failure or refusal by a parent,
             110      guardian, or custodian to provide necessary care for a child's safety, morals, or well-being]
             111      neglect.
             112          [(8) "Chronic emotional abuse" means repeated or patterned emotional abuse.]
             113          [(9)] (8) "Custody," with regard to the division, means the custody of a minor in the


             114      division as of the date of disposition.
             115          [(10)] (9) "Day-care services" means care of a child for a portion of the day which is
             116      less than 24 hours:
             117          (a) in the child's own home by a responsible person; or
             118          (b) outside of the child's home in a:
             119          (i) day-care center;
             120          (ii) family group home; or
             121          (iii) family child care home.
             122          [(11)] (10) "Dependent child" or "dependency" means a child, or the condition of a
             123      child, who is homeless or without proper care through no fault of the child's parent, guardian, or
             124      custodian.
             125          [(12)] (11) "Director" means the director of the Division of Child and Family Services.
             126          [(13)] (12) "Division" means the Division of Child and Family Services.
             127          [(14) (a)] (13) "Domestic violence services" means:
             128          [(i)] (a) temporary shelter, treatment, and related services to [persons who are victims
             129      of abuse and their dependent children; and]:
             130          (i) a person who is a victim of abuse, as defined in Section 30-6-1 ; and
             131          (ii) the dependent children of a person described in Subsection (13)(a)(i); and
             132          [(ii)] (b) treatment services for [domestic violence perpetrators. (b) As used in this
             133      Subsection (14): (i) "abuse" means the same as that term is defined in Section 30-6-1 ; and (ii)
             134      "domestic violence perpetrator" means] a person who is alleged to have committed, has been
             135      convicted of, or has pled guilty to, an act of domestic violence as defined in Section 77-36-1 .
             136          (14) "Harm" is as defined in Section 78-3a-103 .
             137          (15) "Homemaking service" means the care of individuals in their domiciles, and help
             138      given to individual caretaker relatives to achieve improved household and family management
             139      through the services of a trained homemaker.
             140          (16) "Incest" is as defined in Section 78-3a-103 .
             141          [(16)] (17) "Minor" means, except as provided in Part 7, Interstate Compact on


             142      Placement of Children:
             143          (a) a child; or
             144          (b) a person:
             145          (i) who is at least 18 years of age and younger than 21 years of age; and
             146          (ii) for whom the division has been specifically ordered by the juvenile court to provide
             147      services.
             148          (18) "Molestation" is as defined in Section 78-3a-103 .
             149          [(17)] (19) "Natural parent" means a minor's biological or adoptive parent, and includes
             150      a minor's noncustodial parent.
             151          [(18) (a) "Neglect" means:]
             152          [(i) abandonment of a child, except as provided in Part 8, Safe Relinquishment of a
             153      Newborn Child;]
             154          [(ii) subjecting a child to mistreatment or abuse;]
             155          [(iii) lack of proper parental care by reason of the fault or habits of the parent, guardian,
             156      or custodian;]
             157          [(iv) failure or refusal of a parent, guardian, or custodian to provide proper or necessary
             158      subsistence, education, or medical care, including surgery or psychiatric services when required,
             159      or any other care necessary for the child's health, safety, morals, or well-being; or]
             160          [(v) a child at risk of being neglected or abused because another child in the same home
             161      is neglected or abused.]
             162          [(b) The aspect of neglect relating to education, described in Subsection (18)(a)(iv),
             163      means that, after receiving notice that a child has been frequently absent from school without
             164      good cause, or that the child has failed to cooperate with school authorities in a reasonable
             165      manner, a parent or guardian fails to make a good faith effort to ensure that the child receives
             166      an appropriate education.]
             167          [(c) A parent or guardian legitimately practicing religious beliefs and who, for that
             168      reason, does not provide specified medical treatment for a child, is not guilty of neglect.]
             169          [(d) (i) Notwithstanding Subsection (18)(a), a health care decision made for a child by


             170      the child's parent or guardian does not constitute neglect unless the state or other party to the
             171      proceeding shows, by clear and convincing evidence, that the health care decision is not
             172      reasonable and informed.]
             173          [(ii) Nothing in Subsection (18)(d)(i) may prohibit a parent or guardian from exercising
             174      the right to obtain a second health care opinion.]
             175          (20) "Neglect" is as defined in Section 78-3a-103 .
             176          [(19)] (21) "Protective custody," with regard to the division, means the shelter of a
             177      child by the division from the time the child is removed from the child's home until the earlier of:
             178          (a) the shelter hearing; or
             179          (b) the child's return home.
             180          [(20)] (22) "Protective services" means expedited services that are provided:
             181          (a) in response to evidence of neglect, abuse, or dependency of a child;
             182          (b) to a cohabitant who is neglecting or abusing a child, in order to:
             183          (i) help the cohabitant develop recognition of the cohabitant's duty of care and of the
             184      causes of neglect or abuse; and
             185          (ii) strengthen the cohabitant's ability to provide safe and acceptable care; and
             186          (c) in cases where the child's welfare is endangered:
             187          (i) to bring the situation to the attention of the appropriate juvenile court and law
             188      enforcement agency;
             189          (ii) to cause a protective order to be issued for the protection of the child, when
             190      appropriate; and
             191          (iii) to protect the child from the circumstances that endanger the child's welfare
             192      including, when appropriate:
             193          (A) removal from the child's home;
             194          (B) placement in substitute care; and
             195          (C) petitioning the court for termination of parental rights.
             196          (23) "Severe abuse" is as defined in Section 78-3a-103 .
             197          [(21)] (24) "Severe neglect" [means neglect that causes or threatens to cause serious


             198      harm to a child] is as defined in Section 78-3a-103 .
             199          (25) "Sexual abuse" is as defined in Section 78-3a-103 .
             200          (26) "Sexual exploitation" is as defined in Section 78-3a-103 .
             201          [(22)] (27) "Shelter care" means the temporary care of a minor in a nonsecure facility.
             202          [(23)] (28) "State" means:
             203          (a) a state of the United States;
             204          (b) the District of Columbia;
             205          (c) the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico;
             206          (d) the Virgin Islands;
             207          (e) Guam;
             208          (f) the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands; or
             209          (g) a territory or possession administered by the United States.
             210          [(24) "Severe emotional abuse" means emotional abuse that causes or threatens to
             211      cause serious harm to a child.]
             212          [(25) "Severe physical abuse" means physical abuse that causes or threatens to cause
             213      serious harm to a child.]
             214          [(26)] (29) "State plan" means the written description of the programs for children,
             215      youth, and family services administered by the division in accordance with federal law.
             216          [(27)] (30) "Status offense" means a violation of the law that would not be a violation
             217      but for the age of the offender.
             218          (31) "Substance abuse" is as defined in Section 78-3a-103 .
             219          [(28)] (32) "Substantiated" or "substantiation" means a judicial finding based on a
             220      preponderance of the evidence that abuse or neglect occurred. Each allegation made or
             221      identified in a given case shall be considered separately in determining whether there should be a
             222      finding of substantiated.
             223          [(29)] (33) "Substitute care" means:
             224          (a) the placement of a minor in a family home, group care facility, or other placement
             225      outside the minor's own home, either at the request of a parent or other responsible relative, or


             226      upon court order, when it is determined that continuation of care in the minor's own home
             227      would be contrary to the minor's welfare;
             228          (b) services provided for a minor awaiting placement; and
             229          (c) the licensing and supervision of a substitute care facility.
             230          [(30)] (34) "Supported" means a finding by the division based on the evidence available
             231      at the completion of an investigation that there is a reasonable basis to conclude that abuse,
             232      neglect, or dependency occurred. Each allegation made or identified during the course of the
             233      investigation shall be considered separately in determining whether there should be a finding of
             234      supported.
             235          [(31)] (35) "Temporary custody," with regard to the division, means the custody of a
             236      child in the division from the date of the shelter hearing until disposition.
             237          [(32)] (36) "Transportation services" means travel assistance given to an individual with
             238      escort service, if necessary, to and from community facilities and resources as part of a service
             239      plan.
             240          [(33)] (37) "Unsubstantiated" means a judicial finding that there is insufficient evidence
             241      to conclude that abuse or neglect occurred.
             242          [(34)] (38) "Unsupported" means a finding at the completion of an investigation that
             243      there is insufficient evidence to conclude that abuse, neglect, or dependency occurred.
             244      However, a finding of unsupported means also that the division worker did not conclude that
             245      the allegation was without merit.
             246          [(35)] (39) "Without merit" means a finding at the completion of an investigation by the
             247      division, or a judicial finding, that the alleged abuse, neglect, or dependency did not occur, or
             248      that the alleged perpetrator was not responsible for the abuse, neglect, or dependency.
             249          Section 2. Section 62A-4a-107.5 is amended to read:
             250           62A-4a-107.5. Private recruitment and training of foster care parents and child
             251      welfare volunteers -- Extension of immunity.
             252          (1) The division may contract with one or more private, nonprofit organizations to
             253      recruit and train foster care parents and child welfare volunteers on a statewide or regional


             254      basis.
             255          (2) An organization that contracts with the division pursuant to Subsection (1) shall
             256      agree to:
             257          (a) increase the number of licensed and trained foster care parents in the geographic
             258      area covered by:
             259          (i) developing a strategic plan;
             260          (ii) assessing the needs, perceptions, and qualities of potential foster care parents;
             261          (iii) assessing the needs, perceptions, and qualities of children in state custody;
             262          (iv) identifying potential foster care parents through public and private resources;
             263          (v) screening foster care parent applicants;
             264          (vi) providing preservice, ongoing, and customized training to foster care parents;
             265          (vii) developing a competency-based training curriculum with input from public and
             266      private resources and approved by the division;
             267          (viii) focusing training exercises on skill development; and
             268          (ix) supporting foster care parents by supplying staff support, identifying common
             269      issues, encouraging peer support, and connecting available resources;
             270          (b) increase the number of child welfare volunteers in the geographical area covered by:
             271          (i) developing a strategic plan;
             272          (ii) seeking the participation of established volunteer organizations;
             273          (iii) designing and offering initial orientation sessions to child welfare volunteers;
             274          (iv) informing volunteers of options for service as specified by the division; and
             275          (v) facilitating the placement and certification of child welfare volunteers;
             276          (c) coordinate efforts, where appropriate, with the division;
             277          (d) seek private contributions in furtherance of the organization's activities under this
             278      Subsection (2);
             279          (e) perform other related services and activities as may be required by the division; and
             280          (f) establish a system for evaluating performance and obtaining feedback on the
             281      activities performed pursuant to this Subsection (2).


             282          (3) Notwithstanding Subsection (2), the department shall retain ultimate authority over
             283      and responsibility for:
             284          (a) initial and ongoing training content, material, curriculum, and techniques, and
             285      certification standards used by an organization; and
             286          (b) screening, investigation, licensing, certification, referral, and placement decisions
             287      with respect to any person recruited or trained by an organization.
             288          (4) (a) An organization under contract with the department and its directors, trustees,
             289      officers, employees, and agents, whether compensated or not, may not be held civilly liable for
             290      any act or omission on a matter for which the department retains ultimate authority and
             291      responsibility under Subsection (3).
             292          (b) Nothing in Subsection (4)(a) may be construed as altering the [child] abuse and
             293      neglect reporting requirements of Section 62A-4a-403 , regardless of whether the facts that give
             294      rise to such a report occur before or after a screening, investigation, licensing, or placement
             295      decision of the department.
             296          (5) A referring entity or a referring individual that voluntarily and without remuneration
             297      assists the organization to identify and recruit foster care parents or child welfare volunteers is
             298      not liable in any civil action for any act or omission of:
             299          (a) the referring entity or the referring individual, which is performed in good faith and
             300      in furtherance of the entity's assistance to the organization; or
             301          (b) any person directly or indirectly referred to the organization by the entity as a foster
             302      care parent or child welfare volunteer, if the referring individual was without actual knowledge
             303      of any substantiated fact that would have disqualified the person from such a position at the
             304      time the referral was made.
             305          (6) As used in this section:
             306          (a) "referring entity" means:
             307          (i) an incorporated or unincorporated organization or association whether formally
             308      incorporated or otherwise established and operating for religious, charitable, or educational
             309      purposes which does not distribute any of its income or assets to its members, directors,


             310      officers, or other participants;
             311          (ii) any organization which is described in Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue
             312      Code of 1986 and is exempt from tax under Section 501 of the Internal Revenue Code; or
             313          (iii) any not-for-profit organization which is formed and conducted for public benefit
             314      and operated primarily for charitable, civic, educational, religious, benevolent, welfare, or health
             315      purposes; and
             316          (b) "referring individual" means an individual:
             317          (i) with the authority to act on behalf of a referring entity in making a referral; and
             318          (ii) who may or may not be compensated by the referring entity.
             319          Section 3. Section 62A-4a-113 is amended to read:
             320           62A-4a-113. Division's enforcement authority -- Responsibility of attorney
             321      general to represent division.
             322          (1) The division shall take legal action that is necessary to enforce the provisions of this
             323      chapter.
             324          (2) (a) Subject to the provisions of Section 67-5-17 , the attorney general shall enforce
             325      all provisions of this chapter, in addition to the requirements of Title 78, Chapter 3a, Juvenile
             326      Court Act of 1996, relating to protection and custody of abused, neglected, or dependent
             327      minors. The attorney general may contract with the local county attorney to enforce the
             328      provisions of this chapter and Title 78, Chapter 3a, Juvenile Court Act of 1996.
             329          (b) It is the responsibility of the attorney general's office to:
             330          (i) advise the division regarding decisions to remove a minor from the minor's home;
             331          (ii) represent the division in all court and administrative proceedings related to [child]
             332      abuse, neglect, and dependency including, but not limited to, shelter hearings, dispositional
             333      hearings, dispositional review hearings, periodic review hearings, and petitions for termination
             334      of parental rights; and
             335          (iii) be available to and advise caseworkers on an ongoing basis.
             336          (c) The attorney general shall designate no less than 16 full-time attorneys to advise and
             337      represent the division in abuse, neglect, and dependency proceedings, including petitions for


             338      termination of parental rights. Those attorneys shall devote their full time and attention to that
             339      representation and, insofar as it is practicable, shall be housed in or near various offices of the
             340      division statewide.
             341          (3) As of July 1, 1998, the attorney general's office shall represent the division with
             342      regard to actions involving minors who have not been adjudicated as abused or neglected, but
             343      who are otherwise committed to the custody of the division by the juvenile court, and who are
             344      classified in the division's management information system as having been placed in custody
             345      primarily on the basis of delinquent behavior or a status offense. Nothing in this section may be
             346      construed to affect the responsibility of the county attorney or district attorney to represent the
             347      state in those matters, in accordance with Section 78-3a-116 .
             348          Section 4. Section 62A-4a-201 is amended to read:
             349           62A-4a-201. Rights of parents -- Children's rights -- Interest and responsibility of
             350      state.
             351          (1) (a) Under both the United States Constitution and the constitution of this state, a
             352      parent possesses a fundamental liberty interest in the care, custody, and management of the
             353      parent's children. A fundamentally fair process must be provided to parents if the state moves
             354      to challenge or interfere with parental rights. A governmental entity must support any actions
             355      or allegations made in opposition to the rights and desires of a parent regarding the parent's
             356      children by sufficient evidence to satisfy a parent's constitutional entitlement to heightened
             357      protection against government interference with the parent's fundamental rights and liberty
             358      interests.
             359          (b) The fundamental liberty interest of a parent concerning the care, custody, and
             360      management of the parent's children is recognized, protected, and does not cease to exist simply
             361      because a parent may fail to be a model parent or because the parent's child is placed in the
             362      temporary custody of the state. At all times, a parent retains a vital interest in preventing the
             363      irretrievable destruction of family life. Prior to an adjudication of unfitness, government action
             364      in relation to parents and their children may not exceed the least restrictive means or alternatives
             365      available to accomplish a compelling state interest. Until the state proves parental unfitness, the


             366      child and the child's parents share a vital interest in preventing erroneous termination of their
             367      natural relationship and the state cannot presume that a child and the child's parents are
             368      adversaries.
             369          (c) It is in the best interest and welfare of a child to be raised under the care and
             370      supervision of the child's natural parents. A child's need for a normal family life in a permanent
             371      home, and for positive, nurturing family relationships will usually best be met by the child's
             372      natural parents. Additionally, the integrity of the family unit, and the right of parents to
             373      conceive and raise their children have found protection in the due process clause of the
             374      Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution. The right of a fit, competent parent
             375      to raise the parent's child without undue government interference is a fundamental liberty
             376      interest that has long been protected by the laws and Constitution of this state and of the United
             377      States.
             378          (d) The state recognizes that:
             379          (i) a parent has the right, obligation, responsibility, and authority to raise, manage, train,
             380      educate, provide for, and reasonably discipline the parent's children; and
             381          (ii) the state's role is secondary and supportive to the primary role of a parent.
             382          (e) It is the public policy of this state that parents retain the fundamental right and duty
             383      to exercise primary control over the care, supervision, upbringing, and education of their
             384      children.
             385          (f) Subsections (2) through (7) shall be interpreted and applied consistent with this
             386      Subsection (1).
             387          (2) It is also the public policy of this state that children have the right to protection from
             388      abuse and neglect, and that the state retains a compelling interest in investigating, prosecuting,
             389      and punishing abuse and neglect, as defined in this chapter, and in Title 78, Chapter 3a, Juvenile
             390      Court Act of 1996. Therefore, the state, as parens patriae, has an interest in and responsibility
             391      to protect children whose parents abuse them or do not adequately provide for their welfare.
             392      There may be circumstances where a parent's conduct or condition is a substantial departure
             393      from the norm and the parent is unable or unwilling to render safe and proper parental care and


             394      protection. Under those circumstances, the state may take action for the welfare and protection
             395      of the parent's children.
             396          (3) When the division intervenes on behalf of an abused, neglected, or dependent child,
             397      it shall take into account the child's need for protection from immediate harm. Throughout its
             398      involvement, the division shall utilize the least intrusive and least restrictive means available to
             399      protect a child, in an effort to ensure that children are brought up in stable, permanent families,
             400      rather than in temporary foster placements under the supervision of the state.
             401          (4) When circumstances within the family pose a threat to the child's immediate safety
             402      or welfare, the division may obtain custody of the child for a planned period and place the child
             403      in a safe environment, in accordance with the requirements of Title 78, Chapter 3a, Part 3,
             404      Abuse, Neglect, and Dependency Proceedings.
             405          (5) In determining and making "reasonable efforts" with regard to a child, pursuant to
             406      the provisions of Section 62A-4a-203 , both the division's and the court's paramount concern
             407      shall be the child's health, safety, and welfare. The desires of a parent for the parent's child shall
             408      be given full and serious consideration by the division and the court.
             409          (6) In cases where actual sexual abuse, sexual exploitation, abandonment, [or serious
             410      physical] severe abuse, or severe neglect are established, the state has no duty to make
             411      "reasonable efforts" or to, in any other way, attempt to maintain a child in the child's home,
             412      provide reunification services, or to attempt to rehabilitate the offending parent or parents. This
             413      Subsection (6) does not exempt the division from providing court-ordered services.
             414          (7) (a) It is the division's obligation, under federal law, to achieve permanency for
             415      children who are abused, neglected, or dependent. If the use or continuation of "reasonable
             416      efforts," as described in Subsections (5) and (6), is determined to be inconsistent with the
             417      permanency plan for a child, then measures shall be taken, in a timely manner, to place the child
             418      in accordance with the permanency plan, and to complete whatever steps are necessary to
             419      finalize the permanent placement of the child.
             420          (b) If, because of [his] a parent's conduct or condition, [a] the parent is determined to
             421      be unfit or incompetent based on the grounds for termination of parental rights described in


             422      Title 78, Chapter 3a, Part 4, Termination of Parental Rights Act, the welfare and best interest of
             423      the child is of paramount importance, and shall govern in determining whether that parent's
             424      rights should be terminated.
             425          (8) The state's right to direct or intervene in the provision of medical or mental health
             426      care for a child is subject to Subsection 78-3a-118 (2)(n).
             427          Section 5. Section 62A-4a-202.4 is amended to read:
             428           62A-4a-202.4. Access to criminal background information.
             429          (1) For purposes of background screening and investigation of [child] abuse or neglect
             430      under this chapter and Title 78, Chapter 3a, Part 3, Abuse, Neglect, and Dependency
             431      Proceedings, the division shall have direct access to criminal background information
             432      maintained pursuant to Title 53, Chapter 10, Part 2, Bureau of Criminal Identification.
             433          (2) The division and the Office of the Guardian Ad Litem Director are also authorized
             434      to request the Department of Public Safety to conduct a complete Federal Bureau of
             435      Investigation criminal background check through the national criminal history system (NCIC).
             436          Section 6. Section 62A-4a-202.6 is amended to read:
             437           62A-4a-202.6. Child protective services investigators within the Office of
             438      Attorney General -- Authority.
             439          (1) (a) Pursuant to Section 67-5-16 the attorney general may employ, with the consent
             440      of the division, child protective services investigators to investigate reports of abuse or neglect
             441      of a child that occur while the child is in the custody of the division.
             442          (b) (i) Under the direction of the Board of Child and Family Services, the division shall,
             443      in accordance with Subsection 62A-4a-409 (5), contract with an independent child protective
             444      service investigator to investigate reports of abuse or neglect of a child that occur while the
             445      child is in the custody of the division.
             446          (ii) The executive director of the department shall designate an entity within the
             447      department, other than the division, to monitor the contract for the investigators described in
             448      Subsection (1)(b)(i).
             449          (2) The investigators described in Subsection (1) may also investigate allegations of


             450      abuse or neglect of a child by a department employee or a licensed substitute care provider.
             451          (3) The investigators described in Subsection (1), if not peace officers, shall have the
             452      same rights, duties, and authority of a child protective services investigator employed by the
             453      division to:
             454          (a) make a thorough investigation upon receiving either an oral or written report of
             455      alleged abuse or neglect of a child, with the primary purpose of that investigation being the
             456      protection of the child;
             457          (b) make an inquiry into the child's home environment, emotional, or mental health, the
             458      nature and extent of the child's injuries, and the child's physical safety;
             459          (c) make a written report of their investigation, including determination regarding
             460      whether the alleged abuse or neglect was substantiated, unsubstantiated, or without merit, and
             461      forward a copy of that report to the division within the time mandates for investigations
             462      established by the division;
             463          (d) immediately consult with school authorities to verify the child's status in accordance
             464      with Sections 53A-11-101 through 53A-11-103 when a report is based upon or includes an
             465      allegation of educational neglect;
             466          (e) enter upon public or private premises, using appropriate legal processes, to
             467      investigate reports of alleged [child] abuse or neglect; and
             468          (f) take a child into protective custody, and deliver the child to a law enforcement
             469      officer, or to the division. Control and jurisdiction over the child shall be determined by the
             470      provisions of Title 62A, Chapter 4a, Part 2, Child Welfare Services, Title 78, Chapter 3a,
             471      Juvenile Court Act of 1996, and as otherwise provided by law.
             472          Section 7. Section 62A-4a-203 is amended to read:
             473           62A-4a-203. Removal of a child from home -- Reasonable efforts to maintain
             474      child in home -- Exception -- Reasonable efforts for reunification.
             475          (1) Because removal of a child from the child's home affects protected, constitutional
             476      rights of the parent and has a dramatic, long-term impact on a child, the division shall:
             477          (a) when possible and appropriate, without danger to the child's welfare, make


             478      reasonable efforts to prevent or eliminate the need for removal of a child from the child's home
             479      prior to placement in substitute care;
             480          (b) determine whether there is substantial cause to believe that a child has been or is in
             481      danger of abuse or neglect, in accordance with the guidelines described in Title 78, Chapter 3a,
             482      Part 3, Abuse, Neglect, and Dependency Proceedings, prior to removing the child from the
             483      child's home; and
             484          (c) when it is possible and appropriate, and in accordance with the limitations and
             485      requirements of Sections 78-3a-311 and 78-3a-312 , make reasonable efforts to make it possible
             486      for a child in substitute care to return to the child's home.
             487          (2) (a) In determining the reasonableness of efforts needed to maintain a child in the
             488      child's home or to return a child to the child's home, in accordance with Subsection (1)(a) or (c),
             489      the child's health, safety, and welfare shall be the paramount concern.
             490          (b) The division shall consider whether the efforts described in Subsections (1) and (2)
             491      are likely to prevent abuse or continued neglect of the child.
             492          (3) When removal and placement in substitute care is necessary to protect a child, the
             493      efforts described in Subsections (1) and (2):
             494          (a) are not reasonable or appropriate; and
             495          (b) should not be utilized.
             496          (4) Subject to Subsection (5), in cases where sexual abuse, sexual exploitation,
             497      abandonment, [or serious physical] severe abuse, or severe neglect are involved, the state has no
             498      duty to make reasonable efforts to, in any way, attempt to:
             499          (a) maintain a child in the child's home;
             500          (b) provide reunification services; or
             501          (c) rehabilitate the offending parent or parents.
             502          (5) Nothing in Subsection (4) exempts the division from providing court ordered
             503      services.
             504          Section 8. Section 62A-4a-301 is amended to read:
             505           62A-4a-301. Legislative finding.


             506          The Legislature finds that there is a need to assist private and public agencies in
             507      identifying and establishing community-based education, service, and treatment programs to
             508      prevent the occurrence and recurrence of [child] abuse and neglect.
             509          It is the purpose of this part to provide a means to increase prevention and treatment
             510      programs designed to reduce the occurrence or recurrence of child abuse and neglect.
             511          Section 9. Section 62A-4a-302 is amended to read:
             512           62A-4a-302. Definitions.
             513          As used in this part[: (1) "Council"], "council" means the Child Abuse Advisory Council
             514      established under Section 62A-4a-311 .
             515          [(2) "Child abuse and neglect" means the same as the term "child abuse or neglect,"
             516      defined in Section 62A-4a-402 .]
             517          Section 10. Section 62A-4a-303 is amended to read:
             518           62A-4a-303. Director's responsibility.
             519          The director, under the direction of the board, shall:
             520          (1) contract with public or private nonprofit organizations, agencies, schools, or with
             521      qualified individuals to establish voluntary community-based educational and service programs
             522      designed to reduce the occurrence or recurrence of [child] abuse and neglect;
             523          (2) facilitate the exchange of information between and among groups concerned with
             524      families and children;
             525          (3) consult with appropriate state agencies, commissions, and boards to help determine
             526      the probable effectiveness, fiscal soundness, and need for proposed education and service
             527      programs for the prevention and treatment of [child] abuse and neglect;
             528          (4) develop policies to determine whether programs will be discontinued or will receive
             529      continuous funding;
             530          (5) establish flexible fees and fee schedules based on the recipient's ability to pay for
             531      part or all of the costs of service received; and
             532          (6) adopt rules under Title 63, Chapter 46a, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act, as
             533      necessary to carry out the purposes of this part.


             534          Section 11. Section 62A-4a-304 is amended to read:
             535           62A-4a-304. Contracts for services.
             536          (1) (a) Contracts for services to prevent child abuse and neglect shall be awarded on the
             537      basis of probability of success, based in part on sound research data.
             538          (b) Each contract entered into by the director under Section 62A-4a-303 shall contain a
             539      provision for the evaluation of services provided under the contract.
             540          (2) Contract funds awarded for the treatment of victims of [physical or sexual] abuse
             541      and neglect are not a collateral source as described in Section 63-25a-402 .
             542          Section 12. Section 62A-4a-305 is amended to read:
             543           62A-4a-305. Prevention and treatment programs.
             544          Programs contracted under this part shall be designed to provide voluntary primary
             545      [child] abuse and neglect prevention, and voluntary or court-ordered treatment services,
             546      including, without limiting the generality of the foregoing, the following community-based
             547      programs:
             548          (1) those relating to prenatal care, perinatal bonding, child growth and development,
             549      basic child care, care of children with special needs, and coping with family stress;
             550          (2) those relating to crisis care, aid to parents, [child] abuse counseling, support groups
             551      for abusive or potentially abusive parents and their children, and early identification of families
             552      where the potential for [child] abuse and neglect exists;
             553          (3) those clearly designed to prevent the occurrence or recurrence of [child] abuse,
             554      [child] neglect, sexual [molestation or] abuse, sexual exploitation, medical or educational
             555      neglect, and such other programs as the board and council may from time to time consider
             556      potentially effective in reducing the incidence of family problems leading to [child] abuse or
             557      neglect; and
             558          (4) those designed to establish and assist community resources that prevent [child]
             559      abuse and neglect.
             560          Section 13. Section 62A-4a-306 is amended to read:
             561           62A-4a-306. Programs and services -- Public hearing requirements -- Review by


             562      local board of education.
             563          (1) Before any [child] abuse or neglect prevention or treatment program or service may
             564      be purchased or contracted for, the board shall conduct a public hearing and the council shall
             565      conduct a public hearing, to receive public comment on the specific program or service.
             566          (2) Additionally, before any [child] abuse or neglect prevention or treatment program or
             567      service [or program] which is intended for presentation in public schools may be purchased or
             568      contracted for, evidence shall be submitted to the division that the program or service has been
             569      approved by the local board of education for each school district which would be utilizing that
             570      program or service.
             571          Section 14. Section 62A-4a-309 is amended to read:
             572           62A-4a-309. Children's Trust Account.
             573          (1) There shall be a restricted account within the General Fund to be known as the
             574      Children's Trust Account. This account is for crediting of contributions from private sources
             575      and from appropriate revenues received under Section 26-2-12.5 for [child] abuse and neglect
             576      prevention programs described in Section 62A-4a-305 .
             577          (2) Money shall be appropriated from the account to the division by the Legislature
             578      under the Utah Budgetary Procedures Act, and shall be drawn upon by the director under the
             579      direction of the board.
             580          (3) The Children's Trust Account may be used only to implement prevention programs
             581      described in Section 62A-4a-305 , and may only be allocated to entities that provide a
             582      one-to-one match, comprising a match from the community of at least 50% in cash and up to
             583      50% in in-kind donations, which is 25% of the total funding received from the Children's Trust
             584      Account. The entity that receives the statewide evaluation contract is excepted from the
             585      cash-match provisions of this Subsection (3).
             586          Section 15. Section 62A-4a-311 is amended to read:
             587           62A-4a-311. Child Abuse Advisory Council -- Creation -- Membership --
             588      Expenses.
             589          (1) (a) There is established the Child Abuse Advisory Council composed of no more


             590      than 25 members who are appointed by the board.
             591          (b) Except as required by Subsection (1)(c), as terms of current council members
             592      expire, the board shall appoint each new member or reappointed member to a four-year term.
             593          (c) Notwithstanding the requirements of Subsection (1)(b), the board shall, at the time
             594      of appointment or reappointment, adjust the length of terms to ensure that the terms of council
             595      members are staggered so that approximately half of the council is appointed every two years.
             596          (d) The council shall have geographic, economic, gender, cultural, and philosophical
             597      diversity.
             598          (e) When a vacancy occurs in the membership for any reason, the replacement shall be
             599      appointed for the unexpired term.
             600          (2) The council shall elect a chairperson from its membership at least biannually.
             601          (3) (a) Members shall receive no compensation or benefits for their services, but may
             602      receive per diem and expenses incurred in the performance of the member's official duties at the
             603      rates established by the Division of Finance under Sections 63A-3-106 and 63A-3-107 .
             604          (b) Members may decline to receive per diem and expenses for their service.
             605          (4) The council shall hold a public meeting quarterly. Within budgetary constraints,
             606      meetings may also be held on the call of the chair, or of a majority of the members. Thirteen
             607      members shall constitute a quorum at any meeting and the action of the majority of the members
             608      present shall be the action of the council.
             609          (5) The council shall advise the board on matters relating to [child] abuse and neglect.
             610      The council shall also recommend to the board how funds contained in the Children's Trust
             611      Account shall be allocated.
             612          Section 16. Section 62A-4a-401 is amended to read:
             613           62A-4a-401. Legislative purpose.
             614          It is the purpose of this part to protect the best interests of children, offer protective
             615      services to prevent harm to children, stabilize the home environment, preserve family life
             616      whenever possible, and encourage cooperation among the states in dealing with the problem of
             617      [child] abuse or neglect.


             618          Section 17. Section 62A-4a-402 is amended to read:
             619           62A-4a-402. Definitions.
             620          As used in this part:
             621          (1) "A person responsible for a child's care" means the child's parent, guardian, or other
             622      person responsible for the child's care, whether in the same home as the child, a relative's home,
             623      a group, family, or center day care facility, a foster care home, or a residential institution.
             624          [(2) "Child abuse or neglect" means causing harm or threatened harm to a child's health
             625      or welfare.]
             626          [(3) "Harm or threatened harm" means damage or threatened damage to the physical or
             627      emotional health and welfare of a child through neglect or abuse, and includes but is not limited
             628      to:]
             629          [(a) causing nonaccidental physical or mental injury;]
             630          [(b) incest;]
             631          [(c) sexual abuse;]
             632          [(d) sexual exploitation;]
             633          [(e) molestation; or]
             634          [(f) repeated negligent treatment or maltreatment.]
             635          [(4) "Incest" means having sexual intercourse with a person whom the perpetrator
             636      knows to be his or her ancestor, descendant, brother, sister, uncle, aunt, nephew, niece, or first
             637      cousin. The relationships referred to in this subsection include blood relationships of the whole
             638      or half blood without regard to legitimacy, and include relationships of parent and child by
             639      adoption, and relationships of stepparent and stepchild while the marriage creating the
             640      relationship of a stepparent and stepchild exists.]
             641          [(5) "Molestation" means touching the anus or any part of the genitals of a child or
             642      otherwise taking indecent liberties with a child, or causing a child to take indecent liberties with
             643      the perpetrator or another with the intent to arouse or gratify the sexual desire of any person.]
             644          [(6) "Sexual abuse" means acts or attempted acts of sexual intercourse, sodomy, or
             645      molestation directed towards a child.]


             646          [(7) "Sexual exploitation of a child" means knowingly employing, using, persuading,
             647      inducing, enticing, or coercing any child to pose in the nude for the purpose of sexual arousal of
             648      any person or for profit, or to engage in any sexual or simulated sexual conduct for the purpose
             649      of photographing, filming, recording, or displaying in any way the sexual or simulated sexual
             650      conduct, and includes displaying, distributing, possessing for the purpose of distribution, or
             651      selling material depicting a child in the nude or engaging in sexual or simulated sexual conduct.]
             652          [(8)] (2) "Subject" or "subject of the report" means any person reported under this part,
             653      including, but not limited to, a child, parent, guardian, or other person responsible for a child's
             654      care.
             655          Section 18. Section 62A-4a-403 is amended to read:
             656           62A-4a-403. Reporting requirements.
             657          (1) (a) Except as provided in Subsection (2), when any person including persons
             658      licensed under Title 58, Chapter 67, Utah Medical Practice Act, or Title 58, Chapter 31b, Nurse
             659      Practice Act, has reason to believe that a child has been subjected to [incest, molestation, sexual
             660      exploitation, sexual abuse, physical abuse,] abuse or neglect, or who observes a child being
             661      subjected to conditions or circumstances which would reasonably result in [sexual abuse,
             662      physical abuse,] abuse or neglect, [he] that person shall immediately notify the nearest peace
             663      officer, law enforcement agency, or office of the division. [On]
             664          (b) Upon receipt of [this notice] the notification described in Subsection (1)(a), the
             665      peace officer or law enforcement agency shall immediately notify the nearest office of the
             666      division. If an initial report of [child] abuse or neglect is made to the division, the division shall
             667      immediately notify the appropriate local law enforcement agency. The division shall, in addition
             668      to its own investigation, comply with and lend support to investigations by law enforcement
             669      undertaken pursuant to a report made under this section.
             670          (2) [The] Subject to Subsection (3), the notification requirements of Subsection (1) do
             671      not apply to a clergyman or priest, without the consent of the person making the confession,
             672      with regard to any confession made to [him in his] the clergyman or priest in the professional
             673      character of the clergyman or priest in the course of discipline enjoined by the church to which


             674      [he] the clergyman or priest belongs, if:
             675          (a) the confession was made directly to the clergyman or priest by the perpetrator; and
             676          (b) the clergyman or priest is, under canon law or church doctrine or practice, bound to
             677      maintain the confidentiality of that confession.
             678          (3) (a) When a clergyman or priest receives information about abuse or neglect from
             679      any source other than confession of the perpetrator, [he] the clergyman or priest is required to
             680      give notification on the basis of that information even though [he] the clergyman or priest may
             681      have also received a report of abuse or neglect from the confession of the perpetrator.
             682          (b) Exemption of notification requirements for a clergyman or priest does not exempt a
             683      clergyman or priest from any other efforts required by law to prevent further abuse or neglect
             684      by the perpetrator.
             685          Section 19. Section 62A-4a-405 is amended to read:
             686           62A-4a-405. Death of child -- Reporting requirements.
             687          (1) Any person who has reason to believe that a child has died as a result of [child]
             688      abuse or neglect shall report that fact to:
             689          (a) the local law enforcement agency, who shall report to the county attorney or district
             690      attorney as provided under Section 17-18-1 or 17-18-1.7 ; and [to]
             691          (b) the appropriate medical examiner in accordance with Title 26, Chapter 4, Utah
             692      Medical Examiner Act. [The]
             693          (2) After receiving a report described in Subsection (1), the medical examiner shall
             694      investigate and report [his] the medical examiner's findings to:
             695          (a) the police[,];
             696          (b) the appropriate county attorney or district attorney[,];
             697          (c) the attorney general's office[,];
             698          (d) the division[,]; and
             699          (e) if the institution making the report is a hospital, to that hospital.
             700          Section 20. Section 62A-4a-406 is amended to read:
             701           62A-4a-406. Photographs.


             702          (1) Any physician, surgeon, medical examiner, peace officer, law enforcement official,
             703      or public health officer or official may take photographs of the areas of trauma visible on a child
             704      and, if medically indicated, perform radiological examinations.
             705          (2) Photographs may be taken of the premises or of objects relevant to a reported
             706      circumstance of [child] abuse or neglect.
             707          (3) Photographs or X-rays, and all other medical records pertinent to an investigation
             708      for [child] abuse or neglect shall be made available to the division, law enforcement officials,
             709      and the court.
             710          Section 21. Section 62A-4a-409 is amended to read:
             711           62A-4a-409. Investigation by division -- Temporary protective custody --
             712      Preremoval interviews of children.
             713          (1) (a) The division shall make a thorough preremoval investigation upon receiving
             714      either an oral or written report of alleged abuse, neglect, fetal alcohol syndrome, or fetal drug
             715      dependency, when there is reasonable cause to suspect that a situation of abuse, neglect, fetal
             716      alcohol syndrome, or fetal drug dependency exists.
             717          (b) The primary purpose of the investigation described in Subsection (1)(a) shall be
             718      protection of the child.
             719          (2) The preremoval investigation described in Subsection (1)(a) shall include the same
             720      investigative requirements described in Section 62A-4a-202.3 .
             721          (3) The division shall make a written report of its investigation that shall include a
             722      determination regarding whether the alleged abuse or neglect is supported, unsupported, or
             723      without merit.
             724          (4) (a) The division shall use an interdisciplinary approach when appropriate in dealing
             725      with reports made under this part.
             726          (b) For this purpose, the division shall convene appropriate interdisciplinary "child
             727      protection teams" to assist it in its protective, diagnostic, assessment, treatment, and
             728      coordination services.
             729          (c) A representative of the division shall serve as the team's coordinator and chair.


             730      Members of the team shall serve at the coordinator's invitation. Whenever possible, the team
             731      shall include representatives of:
             732          (i) health, mental health, education, and law enforcement agencies;
             733          (ii) the child;
             734          (iii) parent and family support groups unless the parent is alleged to be the perpetrator;
             735      and
             736          (iv) other appropriate agencies or individuals.
             737          (5) In any case where the division supervises, governs, or directs the affairs of any
             738      individual, institution, or facility that is alleged to be involved in acts or omissions of [child]
             739      abuse or neglect, the investigation of the reported [child] abuse or neglect shall be conducted by
             740      an agency other than the division.
             741          (6) If a report of neglect is based upon or includes an allegation of educational neglect,
             742      the division shall immediately consult with school authorities to verify the child's status in
             743      accordance with Sections 53A-11-101 through 53A-11-103 .
             744          (7) When the division completes its initial investigation under this part, it shall give
             745      notice of that completion to the person who made the initial report.
             746          (8) Division workers or other child protection team members have authority to enter
             747      upon public or private premises, using appropriate legal processes, to investigate reports of
             748      alleged [child] abuse or neglect, upon notice to parents of their rights under the Child Abuse
             749      Prevention and Treatment Act, 42 U.S.C. Sec. 5106, or any successor thereof.
             750          (9) With regard to any interview of a child prior to removal of that child from the child's
             751      home:
             752          (a) except as provided in Subsection (9)(b) or (c), the division shall inform a parent of
             753      the child prior to the interview of:
             754          (i) the specific allegations concerning the child; and
             755          (ii) the time and place of the interview;
             756          (b) if a child's parent or stepparent, or a parent's paramour has been identified as the
             757      alleged perpetrator, the division is not required to comply with Subsection (9)(a);


             758          (c) if the perpetrator is unknown, or if the perpetrator's relationship to the child's family
             759      is unknown, the division may conduct a minimal interview or conversation, not to exceed 15
             760      minutes, with the child prior to complying with Subsection (9)(a);
             761          (d) in all cases described in Subsection (9)(b) or (c), a parent of the child shall be
             762      notified as soon as practicable after the child has been interviewed, but in no case later than 24
             763      hours after the interview has taken place;
             764          (e) a child's parents shall be notified of the time and place of all subsequent interviews
             765      with the child; and
             766          (f) the child shall be allowed to have a support person of the child's choice present,
             767      who:
             768          (i) may include:
             769          (A) a school teacher;
             770          (B) an administrator;
             771          (C) a guidance counselor;
             772          (D) a child care provider;
             773          (E) a family member;
             774          (F) a family advocate; or
             775          (G) clergy; and
             776          (ii) may not be a person who is alleged to be, or potentially may be, the perpetrator.
             777          (10) In accordance with the procedures and requirements of Sections 62A-4a-202.1
             778      through 62A-4a-202.3 , a division worker or child protection team member may take a child into
             779      protective custody and deliver the child to a law enforcement officer, or place the child in an
             780      emergency shelter facility approved by the juvenile court, at the earliest opportunity subsequent
             781      to the child's removal from the child's original environment. Control and jurisdiction over the
             782      child is determined by the provisions of Title 78, Chapter 3a, Juvenile Court Act of 1996, and as
             783      otherwise provided by law.
             784          (11) With regard to cases in which law enforcement has or is conducting an
             785      investigation of alleged abuse or neglect of a child:


             786          (a) the division shall coordinate with law enforcement to ensure that there is an
             787      adequate safety plan to protect the child from further abuse or neglect; and
             788          (b) the division is not required to duplicate an aspect of the investigation that, in the
             789      division's determination, has been satisfactorily completed by law enforcement.
             790          Section 22. Section 62A-4a-411 is amended to read:
             791           62A-4a-411. Failure to report -- Criminal penalty.
             792          Any person, official, or institution required to report a case of suspected [child abuse,
             793      child sexual] abuse, neglect, fetal alcohol syndrome, or fetal drug dependency, who willfully
             794      fails to do so is guilty of a class B misdemeanor. Action for failure to report must be
             795      commenced within four years from the date of knowledge of the offense and the willful failure
             796      to report.
             797          Section 23. Section 62A-4a-412 is amended to read:
             798           62A-4a-412. Reports and information confidential.
             799          (1) Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, reports made pursuant to this part, as
             800      well as any other information in the possession of the division obtained as the result of a report
             801      are private, protected, or controlled records under Title 63, Chapter 2, Government Records
             802      Access and Management Act, and may only be made available to:
             803          (a) a police or law enforcement agency investigating a report of known or suspected
             804      [child] abuse or neglect;
             805          (b) a physician who reasonably believes that a child may be the subject of abuse or
             806      neglect;
             807          (c) an agency that has responsibility or authority to care for, treat, or supervise a minor
             808      who is the subject of a report;
             809          (d) a contract provider that has a written contract with the division to render services to
             810      a minor who is the subject of a report;
             811          (e) any subject of the report, the natural parents of the child, and the guardian ad litem;
             812          (f) a court, upon a finding that access to the records may be necessary for the
             813      determination of an issue before the court, provided that in a divorce, custody, or related


             814      proceeding between private parties, the record alone is:
             815          (i) limited to objective or undisputed facts that were verified at the time of the
             816      investigation; and
             817          (ii) devoid of conclusions drawn by the division or any of the division's workers on the
             818      ultimate issue of whether or not a person's acts or omissions constituted any level of abuse or
             819      neglect of another person;
             820          (g) an office of the public prosecutor or its deputies in performing an official duty;
             821          (h) a person authorized by a Children's Justice Center, for the purposes described in
             822      Section 67-5b-102 ;
             823          (i) a person engaged in bona fide research, when approved by the director of the
             824      division, if the information does not include names and addresses;
             825          (j) the State Office of Education, acting on behalf of itself or on behalf of a school
             826      district, for the purpose of evaluating whether an individual should be permitted to obtain or
             827      retain a license as an educator or serve as an employee or volunteer in a school, limited to
             828      information with substantiated findings involving an alleged sexual offense, an alleged felony or
             829      class A misdemeanor drug offense, or any alleged offense against the person under Title 76,
             830      Chapter 5, Offenses Against the Person, and with the understanding that the office must provide
             831      the subject of a report received under Subsection (1)(k) with an opportunity to respond to the
             832      report before making a decision concerning licensure or employment;
             833          (k) any person identified in the report as a perpetrator or possible perpetrator of [child]
             834      abuse or neglect, after being advised of the screening prohibition in Subsection (2);
             835          (l) a person filing a petition for a child protective order on behalf of a child who is the
             836      subject of the report; and
             837          (m) a licensed child-placing agency or person who is performing a preplacement
             838      adoptive evaluation in accordance with the requirements of Section 78-30-3.5 .
             839          (2) (a) A person, unless listed in Subsection (1), may not request another person to
             840      obtain or release a report or any other information in the possession of the division obtained as a
             841      result of the report that is available under Subsection (1)(k) to screen for potential perpetrators


             842      of [child] abuse or neglect.
             843          (b) A person who requests information knowing that it is a violation of Subsection
             844      (2)(a) to do so is subject to the criminal penalty in Subsection (4).
             845          (3) (a) Except as provided in Section 62A-4a-1007 and Subsection (3)(b), the division
             846      and law enforcement officials shall ensure the anonymity of the person or persons making the
             847      initial report and any others involved in its subsequent investigation.
             848          (b) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, excluding Section 78-3a-314 , but
             849      including this chapter and Title 63, Chapter 2, Government Records Access and Management
             850      Act, when the division makes a report or other information in its possession available under
             851      Subsection (1)(e) to a subject of the report or a parent of a child, the division shall remove from
             852      the report or other information only the names, addresses, and telephone numbers of individuals
             853      or specific information that could:
             854          (i) identify the referent;
             855          (ii) impede a criminal investigation; or
             856          (iii) endanger a person's safety.
             857          (4) Any person who wilfully permits, or aides and abets the release of data or
             858      information obtained as a result of this part, in the possession of the division or contained on
             859      any part of the Management Information System, in violation of this part or Sections
             860      62A-4a-1003 through 62A-4a-1007 , is guilty of a class C misdemeanor.
             861          (5) The physician-patient privilege is not a ground for excluding evidence regarding a
             862      child's injuries or the cause of those injuries, in any proceeding resulting from a report made in
             863      good faith pursuant to this part.
             864          (6) A child-placing agency or person who receives a report in connection with a
             865      preplacement adoptive evaluation pursuant to Section 78-30-3.5 :
             866          (a) may provide this report to the person who is the subject of the report; and
             867          (b) may provide this report to a person who is performing a preplacement adoptive
             868      evaluation in accordance with the requirement of Section 78-30-3.5 , or to a licensed
             869      child-placing agency or to an attorney seeking to facilitate an adoption.


             870          Section 24. Section 62A-4a-414 is amended to read:
             871           62A-4a-414. Interviews of children -- Recording required -- Exceptions.
             872          (1) (a) Except as provided in Subsection (4), interviews of children during an
             873      investigation in accordance with Section 62A-4a-409 , and involving allegations of sexual abuse
             874      [or serious physical abuse], sexual exploitation, severe abuse, or severe neglect of a child, shall
             875      be conducted only under the following conditions:
             876          (i) the interview shall be recorded visually and aurally on film, videotape, or by other
             877      electronic means;
             878          (ii) both the interviewer and the child shall be simultaneously recorded and visible on
             879      the final product;
             880          (iii) the time and date of the interview shall be continuously and clearly visible to any
             881      subsequent viewer of the recording; and
             882          (iv) the recording equipment shall run continuously for the duration of the interview.
             883          (b) This Subsection (1) does not apply to initial or minimal interviews conducted in
             884      accordance with Subsection 62A-4a-409 (9)(b) or (c).
             885          (2) Interviews conducted in accordance with Subsection (1) shall be carried out in an
             886      existing Children's Justice Center or in a soft interview room, when available.
             887          (a) If the Children's Justice Center or a soft interview room is not available, the
             888      interviewer shall use the best setting available under the circumstances.
             889          (b) Except as provided in Subsection (4), if the equipment required under Subsection
             890      (1) is not available, the interview shall be audiotaped, provided that the interviewer shall clearly
             891      state at the beginning of the tape:
             892          (i) the time, date, and place of the interview;
             893          (ii) the full name and age of the child being interviewed; and
             894          (iii) that the equipment required under Subsection (1) is not available and why.
             895          (3) Except as provided in Subsection (4), all other investigative interviews shall be
             896      audiotaped using electronic means. At the beginning of the tape, the worker shall state clearly
             897      the time, date, and place of the meeting, and the full name and age of the child in attendance.


             898          (4) (a) Subject to Subsection (4)(b), an interview described in this section may be
             899      conducted without being taped if the child:
             900          (i) is at least nine years old;
             901          (ii) refuses to have the interview audio taped; and
             902          (iii) refuses to have the interview video taped.
             903          (b) If, pursuant to Subsection (4)(a), an interview is conducted without being taped, the
             904      child's refusal shall be documented as follows:
             905          (i) the interviewer shall attempt to get the child's refusal on tape, including the reasons
             906      for the refusal; or
             907          (ii) if the child does not allow the refusal, or the reasons for the refusal, to be taped, the
             908      interviewer shall:
             909          (A) state on the tape that the child is present, but has refused to have the interview,
             910      refusal, or the reasons for the refusal taped; or
             911          (B) if complying with Subsection (4)(b)(ii)(A) will result in the child, who would
             912      otherwise consent to be interviewed, to refuse to be interviewed, the interviewer shall
             913      document, in writing, that the child refused to allow the interview to be taped and the reasons
             914      for that refusal.
             915          (c) The division shall track the number of interviews under this section that are not
             916      taped, and the number of refusals that are not taped, for each interviewer, in order to determine
             917      whether a particular interviewer has a higher incidence of refusals, or taped refusals, than other
             918      interviewers.
             919          Section 25. Section 62A-4a-802 is amended to read:
             920           62A-4a-802. Safe relinquishment of a newborn child.
             921          (1) (a) A parent or a parent's designee may safely relinquish a newborn child at a
             922      hospital in accordance with the provisions of this part and retain complete anonymity, so long as
             923      the child has not been subject to abuse or neglect.
             924          (b) Safe relinquishment of a newborn child who has not otherwise been subject to abuse
             925      or neglect shall not, in and of itself, constitute neglect as defined in Section [ 62A-4a-101 ]


             926      78-3a-103 , and the child shall not be considered a neglected child, as defined in Section
             927      78-3a-103 , so long as the relinquishment is carried out in substantial compliance with the
             928      provisions of this part.
             929          (2) (a) Personnel employed by a hospital shall accept a newborn child that is
             930      relinquished pursuant to the provisions of this part, and may presume that the person
             931      relinquishing is the child's parent or the parent's designee.
             932          (b) The person receiving the newborn child may request information regarding the
             933      parent and newborn child's medical histories, and identifying information regarding the
             934      nonrelinquishing parent of the child.
             935          (c) The division shall provide hospitals with medical history forms and stamped
             936      envelopes addressed to the division that a hospital may provide to a person relinquishing a child
             937      pursuant to the provisions of this part.
             938          (d) Personnel employed by a hospital shall:
             939          (i) provide any necessary medical care to the child and notify the division as soon as
             940      possible, but no later than 24 hours after receipt of the child; and
             941          (ii) prepare a birth certificate or foundling birth certificate if parentage is unknown and
             942      file with the Office of Vital Records and Statistics.
             943          (e) A hospital and personnel employed by a hospital are immune from any civil or
             944      criminal liability arising from accepting a newborn child if the personnel employed by the
             945      hospital substantially comply with the provisions of this part and medical treatment is
             946      administered according to standard medical practice.
             947          (3) The division shall assume care and custody of the child immediately upon notice
             948      from the hospital.
             949          (4) So long as the division determines there is no abuse or neglect of the newborn child,
             950      neither the newborn child nor the child's parents are subject to:
             951          (a) the provisions of Part 2 of this chapter, Child Welfare Services;
             952          (b) the investigation provisions contained in Section 62A-4a-409 ; or
             953          (c) the provisions of Title 78, Chapter 3a, Part 3, Abuse, Neglect, and Dependency


             954      Proceedings.
             955          (5) Unless identifying information relating to the nonrelinquishing parent of the
             956      newborn child has been provided:
             957          (a) the division shall work with local law enforcement and the Bureau of Criminal
             958      Identification within the Department of Public Safety in an effort to ensure that the newborn
             959      child has not been identified as a missing child;
             960          (b) the division shall immediately place or contract for placement of the newborn child
             961      in a potential adoptive home and, within ten days after receipt of the child, file a petition for
             962      termination of parental rights in accordance with Title 78, Chapter 3a, Part 4, Termination of
             963      Parental Rights Act;
             964          (c) the division shall direct the Office of Vital Records and Statistics to conduct a
             965      search for a birth certificate for the child and an Initiation of Proceedings to Establish Paternity
             966      Registry for unmarried biological fathers maintained by the Office of Vital Records and
             967      Statistics within the Department of Health and provide notice to each potential father identified
             968      on the registry. Notice of termination of parental rights proceedings shall be provided in the
             969      same manner as is utilized for any other termination proceeding in which the identity of the
             970      child's parents is unknown;
             971          (d) if no person has affirmatively identified himself or herself within two weeks after
             972      notice is complete and established paternity by scientific testing within as expeditious a time
             973      frame as practicable, a hearing on the petition for termination of parental rights shall be
             974      scheduled; and
             975          (e) if a nonrelinquishing parent is not identified, relinquishment of a newborn child
             976      pursuant to the provisions of this part shall be considered grounds for termination of parental
             977      rights of both the relinquishing and nonrelinquishing parents under Section 78-3a-407 .
             978          (6) If at any time prior to the adoption, a court finds it is in the best interest of the child,
             979      the court shall deny the petition for termination of parental rights.
             980          (7) The division shall provide for, or contract with a licensed child-placing agency to
             981      provide for expeditious adoption of the newborn child.


             982          (8) So long as the person relinquishing a newborn child is the child's parent or designee,
             983      and there is no abuse or neglect, safe relinquishment of a newborn child in substantial
             984      compliance with the provisions of this part is an affirmative defense to any potential criminal
             985      liability for abandonment or neglect relating to that relinquishment.
             986          Section 26. Section 62A-4a-1002 is amended to read:
             987           62A-4a-1002. Definitions.
             988          As used in this part:
             989          (1) (a) Except as provided in Subsection (1)(b), "severe type of child abuse or neglect"
             990      means:
             991          (i) if committed by a person 18 years of age or older:
             992          (A) [severe or] chronic [physical] abuse;
             993          (B) severe abuse;
             994          [(B)] (C) sexual abuse;
             995          [(C)] (D) sexual exploitation;
             996          [(D)] (E) abandonment;
             997          [(E) medical neglect resulting in death, disability, or serious illness;]
             998          (F) chronic neglect; or
             999          (G) severe neglect; or
             1000          [(H) chronic emotional abuse; or]
             1001          [(I) severe emotional abuse; or]
             1002          (ii) if committed by a person under the age of 18:
             1003          (A) serious physical injury, as defined in Subsection 76-5-109 (1)(d), to another child
             1004      which indicates a significant risk to other children; or
             1005          (B) sexual behavior with or upon another child which indicates a significant risk to
             1006      other children.
             1007          (b) "Severe type of child abuse or neglect" does not include:
             1008          (i) the use of reasonable and necessary physical restraint or force by an educator in
             1009      accordance with Subsection 53A-11-802 (2) or Section 76-2-401 ;


             1010          (ii) a person's conduct that:
             1011          (A) is justified under Section 76-2-401 ; or
             1012          (B) constitutes the use of reasonable and necessary physical restraint or force in
             1013      self-defense or otherwise appropriate to the circumstances to obtain possession of a weapon or
             1014      other dangerous object in the possession or under the control of a child or to protect the child
             1015      or another person from physical injury; or
             1016          (iii) a health care decision made for a child by the child's parent or guardian, unless,
             1017      subject to Subsection 62A-4a-1004 (2), the state or other party to the proceeding shows, by
             1018      clear and convincing evidence, that the health care decision is not reasonable and informed.
             1019          (2) "Significant risk" means a risk of harm that is determined to be significant in
             1020      accordance with risk assessment tools and rules established by the division that focus on:
             1021          (a) age;
             1022          (b) social factors;
             1023          (c) emotional factors;
             1024          (d) sexual factors;
             1025          (e) intellectual factors;
             1026          (f) family risk factors; and
             1027          (g) other related considerations.
             1028          Section 27. Section 62A-4a-1003 is amended to read:
             1029           62A-4a-1003. Management Information System -- Requirements -- Contents --
             1030      Purpose -- Access.
             1031          (1) (a) The division shall develop and implement a Management Information System
             1032      that meets the requirements of this section and the requirements of federal law and regulation.
             1033          (b) The information and records contained in the Management Information System:
             1034          (i) are protected records under Title 63, Chapter 2, Government Records Access and
             1035      Management Act; and
             1036          (ii) except as provided in Subsections (1)(c) and (d), are available only to a person with
             1037      statutory authorization under Title 63, Chapter 2, Government Records Access and


             1038      Management Act, to review the information and records described in this Subsection (1)(b).
             1039          (c) Notwithstanding Subsection (1)(b)(ii), the information and records described in
             1040      Subsection (1)(b) are available to a person:
             1041          (i) as provided under Subsection (6) or Section 62A-4a-1006 ; or
             1042          (ii) who has specific statutory authorization to access the information or records for the
             1043      purpose of assisting the state with state and federal requirements to maintain information solely
             1044      for the purpose of protecting minors and providing services to families in need.
             1045          (d) Notwithstanding Subsection (1)(b)(ii), the information and records described in
             1046      Subsection (1)(b) may, to the extent required by Title IV-B or IV-E of the Social Security Act,
             1047      be provided by the division:
             1048          (i) to comply with [child] abuse and neglect registry checks requested by other states;
             1049      and
             1050          (ii) to the United States Department of Health and Human Services for purposes of
             1051      maintaining an electronic national registry of substantiated cases of [child] abuse and neglect.
             1052          (2) With regard to all child welfare cases, the Management Information System shall
             1053      provide each caseworker and the department's office of licensing, exclusively for the purposes
             1054      of foster parent licensure and monitoring, with a complete history of each child in that worker's
             1055      caseload, including:
             1056          (a) a record of all past action taken by the division with regard to that child and the
             1057      child's siblings;
             1058          (b) the complete case history and all reports and information in the control or keeping
             1059      of the division regarding that child and the child's siblings;
             1060          (c) the number of times the child has been in the custody of the division;
             1061          (d) the cumulative period of time the child has been in the custody of the division;
             1062          (e) a record of all reports of abuse or neglect received by the division with regard to
             1063      that child's parent, parents, or guardian including:
             1064          (i) for each report, documentation of the:
             1065          (A) latest status; or


             1066          (B) final outcome or determination; and
             1067          (ii) information that indicates whether each report was found to be:
             1068          (A) supported;
             1069          (B) unsupported;
             1070          (C) substantiated by a juvenile court;
             1071          (D) unsubstantiated by a juvenile court; or
             1072          (E) without merit;
             1073          (f) the number of times the child's parent or parents failed any child and family plan; and
             1074          (g) the number of different caseworkers who have been assigned to that child in the
             1075      past.
             1076          (3) The division's Management Information System shall:
             1077          (a) contain all key elements of each family's current child and family plan, including:
             1078          (i) the dates and number of times the plan has been administratively or judicially
             1079      reviewed;
             1080          (ii) the number of times the parent or parents have failed that child and family plan; and
             1081          (iii) the exact length of time the child and family plan has been in effect; and
             1082          (b) alert caseworkers regarding deadlines for completion of and compliance with policy,
             1083      including child and family plans.
             1084          (4) With regard to all child protective services cases, the Management Information
             1085      System shall:
             1086          (a) monitor the compliance of each case with:
             1087          (i) division rule and policy;
             1088          (ii) state law; and
             1089          (iii) federal law and regulation; and
             1090          (b) include the age and date of birth of the alleged perpetrator at the time the abuse or
             1091      neglect is alleged to have occurred, in order to ensure accuracy regarding the identification of
             1092      the alleged perpetrator.
             1093          (5) Except as provided in Subsection (6) regarding contract providers and Section


             1094      62A-4a-1006 regarding limited access to the Licensing Information System, all information
             1095      contained in the division's Management Information System is available to the department, upon
             1096      the approval of the executive director, on a need-to-know basis.
             1097          (6) (a) Subject to this Subsection (6), the division may allow its contract providers,
             1098      court clerks designated by the Administrative Office of the Courts, and the Office of the
             1099      Guardian Ad Litem to have limited access to the Management Information System.
             1100          (b) A division contract provider has access only to information about a person who is
             1101      currently receiving services from that specific contract provider.
             1102          (c) (i) Designated court clerks may only have access to information necessary to comply
             1103      with Subsection 78-3h-102 (2).
             1104          (ii) The Office of the Guardian Ad Litem may access only the information that:
             1105          (A) relates to children and families where the Office of the Guardian Ad Litem is
             1106      appointed by a court to represent the interests of the children; and
             1107          (B) except as provided in Subsection (6)(d), is entered into the Management
             1108      Information System on or after July 1, 2004.
             1109          (d) Notwithstanding Subsection (6)(c)(ii)(B), the Office of the Guardian Ad Litem shall
             1110      have access to all [child] abuse and neglect referrals about children and families where the office
             1111      has been appointed by a court to represent the interests of the children, regardless of the date
             1112      that the information is entered into the Management Information System.
             1113          (e) Each contract provider and designated representative of the Office of the Guardian
             1114      Ad Litem who requests access to information contained in the Management Information System
             1115      shall:
             1116          (i) take all necessary precautions to safeguard the security of the information contained
             1117      in the Management Information System;
             1118          (ii) train its employees regarding:
             1119          (A) requirements for protecting the information contained in the Management
             1120      Information System as required by this chapter and under Title 63, Chapter 2, Government
             1121      Records Access and Management Act; and


             1122          (B) the criminal penalties under Sections 62A-4a-412 and 63-2-801 for improper
             1123      release of information; and
             1124          (iii) monitor its employees to ensure that they protect the information contained in the
             1125      Management Information System as required by law.
             1126          (f) The division shall take reasonable precautions to ensure that its contract providers
             1127      comply with the requirements of this Subsection (6).
             1128          (7) The division shall take all necessary precautions, including password protection and
             1129      other appropriate and available technological techniques, to prevent unauthorized access to or
             1130      release of information contained in the Management Information System.
             1131          Section 28. Section 62A-4a-1005 is amended to read:
             1132           62A-4a-1005. Supported finding of a severe type of child abuse or neglect --
             1133      Notation in Licensing Information System -- Juvenile court petition or notice to alleged
             1134      perpetrator -- Rights of alleged perpetrator -- Juvenile court finding.
             1135          (1) If the division makes a supported finding that a person committed a severe type of
             1136      child abuse or neglect, the division shall:
             1137          (a) serve notice of the finding on the alleged perpetrator;
             1138          (b) enter the following information into the Licensing Information System created in
             1139      Section 62A-4a-1006 :
             1140          (i) the name and other identifying information of the perpetrator with the supported
             1141      finding, without identifying the person as a perpetrator or alleged perpetrator; and
             1142          (ii) a notation to the effect that an investigation regarding the person is pending; and
             1143          (c) if the division considers it advisable, file a petition for substantiation within one year
             1144      of the supported finding.
             1145          (2) The notice referred to in Subsection (1)(a):
             1146          (a) shall state that:
             1147          (i) the division has conducted an investigation regarding alleged [child] abuse or
             1148      neglect;
             1149          (ii) the division has made a supported finding that the alleged perpetrator described in


             1150      Subsection (1) committed a severe type of child abuse or neglect;
             1151          (iii) facts gathered by the division support the supported finding;
             1152          (iv) as a result of the supported finding, the alleged perpetrator's name and other
             1153      identifying information have been listed in the Licensing Information System in accordance with
             1154      Subsection (1)(b);
             1155          (v) the alleged perpetrator may be disqualified from adopting a child or being licensed
             1156      by:
             1157          (A) the department;
             1158          (B) a human services licensee;
             1159          (C) a child care provider or program; or
             1160          (D) a covered health care facility;
             1161          (vi) the alleged perpetrator has the rights described in Subsection (3); and
             1162          (vii) failure to take either action described in Subsection (3)(a) within one year after
             1163      service of the notice will result in the action described in Subsection (3)(b);
             1164          (b) shall include a general statement of the nature of the findings; and
             1165          (c) may not include:
             1166          (i) the name of a victim or witness; or
             1167          (ii) any privacy information related to the victim or a witness.
             1168          (3) (a) Upon receipt of the notice described in Subsection (2), the alleged perpetrator
             1169      shall have the right to:
             1170          (i) file a written request asking the division to review the findings made under
             1171      Subsection (1);
             1172          (ii) except as provided in Subsection (3)(c), immediately petition the juvenile court
             1173      under Section 78-3a-320 ; or
             1174          (iii) sign a written consent to:
             1175          (A) the supported finding made under Subsection (1); and
             1176          (B) entry into the Licensing Information System of:
             1177          (I) the alleged perpetrator's name; and


             1178          (II) other information regarding the supported finding made under Subsection (1).
             1179          (b) Except as provided in Subsection (3)(e), the alleged perpetrator's name and the
             1180      information described in Subsection (1)(b) shall remain in the Licensing Information System:
             1181          (i) if the alleged perpetrator fails to take the action described in Subsection (3)(a) within
             1182      one year after service of the notice described in Subsections (1)(a) and (2);
             1183          (ii) during the time that the division awaits a response from the alleged perpetrator
             1184      pursuant to Subsection (3)(a); and
             1185          (iii) until a court determines that the severe type of child abuse or neglect upon which
             1186      the Licensing Information System entry was based is unsubstantiated or without merit.
             1187          (c) The alleged perpetrator has no right to petition the juvenile court under Subsection
             1188      (3)(a)(ii) if the court previously held a hearing on the same alleged incident of abuse or neglect
             1189      pursuant to the filing of a petition under Section 78-3a-305 by some other party.
             1190          (d) Consent under Subsection (3)(a)(iii) by a child shall be given by the child's parent or
             1191      guardian.
             1192          (e) Regardless of whether an appeal on the matter is pending:
             1193          (i) an alleged perpetrator's name and the information described in Subsection (1)(b)
             1194      shall be removed from the Licensing Information System if the severe type of child abuse or
             1195      neglect upon which the Licensing Information System entry was based:
             1196          (A) is found to be unsubstantiated or without merit by the juvenile court under Section
             1197      78-3a-320 ; or
             1198          (B) is found to be substantiated, but is subsequently reversed on appeal; and
             1199          (ii) an alleged perpetrator's name and information that is removed from the Licensing
             1200      Information System under Subsection (3)(e)(i) shall be placed back on the Licensing
             1201      Information System if the court action that was the basis for removing the alleged perpetrator's
             1202      name and information is subsequently reversed on appeal.
             1203          (4) Upon the filing of a petition under Subsection (1)(c), the juvenile court shall make a
             1204      finding of substantiated, unsubstantiated, or without merit as provided in Subsections
             1205      78-3a-320 (1) and (2).


             1206          (5) Service of the notice described in Subsections (1)(a) and (2):
             1207          (a) shall be personal service in accordance with Utah Rules of Civil Procedure, Rule 4;
             1208      and
             1209          (b) does not preclude civil or criminal action against the alleged perpetrator.
             1210          Section 29. Section 62A-4a-1006 is amended to read:
             1211           62A-4a-1006. Licensing Information System -- Contents -- Juvenile court finding
             1212      -- Protected record -- Access -- Criminal penalty.
             1213          (1) (a) The division shall maintain a sub-part of the Management Information System
             1214      established pursuant to Section 62A-4a-1003 , to be known as the Licensing Information
             1215      System, to be used:
             1216          (i) for licensing purposes; or
             1217          (ii) as otherwise specifically provided for by law.
             1218          (b) The Licensing Information System shall include only the following information:
             1219          (i) the information described in Subsections 62A-4a-1005 (1)(b) and (3)(b);
             1220          (ii) consented-to supported findings by alleged perpetrators under Subsection
             1221      62A-4a-1005 (3)(a)(iii); and
             1222          (iii) the information in the licensing part of the division's Management Information
             1223      System as of May 6, 2002.
             1224          (2) Notwithstanding Subsection (1), the department's access to information in the
             1225      Management Information System for the licensure and monitoring of foster parents is governed
             1226      by Sections 62A-4a-1003 and 62A-2-121 .
             1227          (3) Subject to Subsection 62A-4a-1005 (3)(e), upon receipt of a finding from the
             1228      juvenile court under Section 78-3a-320 , the division shall:
             1229          (a) promptly amend the Licensing Information System; and
             1230          (b) enter the information in the Management Information System.
             1231          (4) (a) Information contained in the Licensing Information System is classified as a
             1232      protected record under Title 63, Chapter 2, Government Records Access and Management Act.
             1233          (b) Notwithstanding the disclosure provisions of Title 63, Chapter 2, Government


             1234      Records Access and Management Act, the information contained in the Licensing Information
             1235      System may only be used or disclosed as specifically provided in this chapter and Section
             1236      62A-2-121 .
             1237          (c) The information described in Subsection (4)(b) is accessible only to:
             1238          (i) the Office of Licensing within the department:
             1239          (A) for licensing purposes; or
             1240          (B) as otherwise specifically provided for by law;
             1241          (ii) the division to:
             1242          (A) screen a person at the request of the Office of the Guardian Ad Litem Director:
             1243          (I) at the time that person seeks a paid or voluntary position with the Office of the
             1244      Guardian Ad Litem Director; and
             1245          (II) on an annual basis, throughout the time that the person remains with the Office of
             1246      Guardian Ad Litem Director; and
             1247          (B) respond to a request for information from a person whose name is listed in the
             1248      Licensing Information System;
             1249          (iii) two persons designated by and within the Department of Health, only for the
             1250      following purposes:
             1251          (A) licensing a child care program or provider; or
             1252          (B) determining whether a person associated with a covered health care facility, as
             1253      defined by the Department of Health by rule, who provides direct care to a child, has a
             1254      supported finding of a severe type of child abuse or neglect; and
             1255          (iv) the department, as specifically provided in this chapter.
             1256          (5) The two persons designated by the Department of Health under Subsection
             1257      (4)(c)(iii) shall adopt measures to:
             1258          (a) protect the security of the Licensing Information System; and
             1259          (b) strictly limit access to the Licensing Information System to those persons designated
             1260      by statute.
             1261          (6) All persons designated by statute as having access to information contained in the


             1262      Licensing Information System shall receive training from the department with respect to:
             1263          (a) accessing the Licensing Information System;
             1264          (b) maintaining strict security; and
             1265          (c) the criminal provisions of Sections 62A-4a-412 and 63-2-801 pertaining to the
             1266      improper release of information.
             1267          (7) (a) A person, except those authorized by this chapter, may not request another
             1268      person to obtain or release any other information in the Licensing Information System to screen
             1269      for potential perpetrators of [child] abuse or neglect.
             1270          (b) A person who requests information knowing that it is a violation of this Subsection
             1271      (7) to do so is subject to the criminal penalty described in Sections 62A-4a-412 and 63-2-801 .
             1272          Section 30. Section 62A-4a-1007 is amended to read:
             1273           62A-4a-1007. False reports -- Penalties.
             1274          (1) The division shall send a certified letter to any person who submits a report of
             1275      [child] abuse or neglect that is placed into or included in any part of the Management
             1276      Information System, if the division determines, at the conclusion of its investigation, that:
             1277          (a) the report is false;
             1278          (b) it is more likely than not that the person knew the report was false at the time that
             1279      person submitted the report; and
             1280          (c) the reporting person's address is known or reasonably available.
             1281          (2) The letter shall inform the reporting person of:
             1282          (a) the division's determination made under Subsection (1);
             1283          (b) the penalty for submitting false information under Section 76-8-506 and other
             1284      applicable laws; and
             1285          (c) the obligation of the division to inform law enforcement and the person alleged to
             1286      have committed abuse or neglect:
             1287          (i) in the present instance if law enforcement considers an immediate referral of the
             1288      reporting person to law enforcement to be justified by the facts; or
             1289          (ii) if the reporting person submits a subsequent false report involving the same alleged


             1290      perpetrator or victim.
             1291          (3) The division may inform law enforcement and the alleged perpetrator of a report for
             1292      which a letter is required to be sent under Subsection (1), if an immediate referral is justified by
             1293      the facts.
             1294          (4) The division shall inform law enforcement and the alleged perpetrator of a report for
             1295      which a letter is required to be sent under Subsection (1) if a second letter is sent to the
             1296      reporting person involving the same alleged perpetrator or victim.
             1297          (5) The division shall determine, in consultation with law enforcement:
             1298          (a) what information should be given to an alleged perpetrator relating to a false report;
             1299      and
             1300          (b) whether good cause exists, as defined by the division by rule, for not informing an
             1301      alleged perpetrator about a false report.
             1302          (6) Nothing in this section may be construed as requiring the division to conduct an
             1303      investigation beyond what is described in Subsection (1), to determine whether or not a report
             1304      is false.
             1305          Section 31. Section 62A-4a-1009 is amended to read:
             1306           62A-4a-1009. Notice and opportunity to challenge supported finding in
             1307      Management Information System -- Right of judicial review.
             1308          (1) (a) Except as provided in Subsection (2), the division shall send a notice of agency
             1309      action to a person with respect to whom the division makes a supported finding. In addition, if
             1310      the alleged perpetrator is under the age of 18, the division shall:
             1311          (i) make reasonable efforts to identify the alleged perpetrator's parent or guardian; and
             1312          (ii) send a notice to each parent or guardian identified under Subsection (1)(a)(i) that
             1313      lives at a different address, unless there is good cause, as defined by rule, for not sending a
             1314      notice to a parent or guardian.
             1315          (b) Nothing in this section may be construed as affecting:
             1316          (i) the manner in which the division conducts an investigation; or
             1317          (ii) the use or effect, in any other setting, of a supported finding by the division at the


             1318      completion of an investigation for any purpose other than for notification under Subsection (1)
             1319      (a).
             1320          (2) Subsection (1) does not apply to a person who has been served with notice under
             1321      Subsection 62A-4a-1005 (1)(a).
             1322          (3) The notice described in Subsection (1) shall state:
             1323          (a) that the division has conducted an investigation regarding alleged [child] abuse,
             1324      neglect, or dependency;
             1325          (b) that the division has made a supported finding of abuse, neglect, or dependency;
             1326          (c) that facts gathered by the division support the supported finding;
             1327          (d) that the person has the right to request:
             1328          (i) a copy of the report; and
             1329          (ii) an opportunity to challenge the supported finding by the division; and
             1330          (e) that failure to request an opportunity to challenge the supported finding within 30
             1331      days of receiving the notice will result in an unappealable supported finding of [child] abuse,
             1332      neglect, or dependency unless the person can show good cause for why compliance within the
             1333      30-day requirement was virtually impossible or unreasonably burdensome.
             1334          (4) (a) A person may make a request to challenge a supported finding within 30 days of
             1335      a notice being received under this section.
             1336          (b) Upon receipt of a request under Subsection (4)(a), the Office of Administrative
             1337      Hearings shall hold an adjudicative proceeding pursuant to Title 63, Chapter 46b,
             1338      Administrative Procedures Act.
             1339          (5) (a) In an adjudicative proceeding held pursuant to this section, the division shall
             1340      have the burden of proving, by a preponderance of the evidence, that [child] abuse, neglect, or
             1341      dependency occurred and that the alleged perpetrator was substantially responsible for the abuse
             1342      or neglect that occurred.
             1343          (b) Any party shall have the right of judicial review of final agency action, in accordance
             1344      with Title 63, Chapter 46b, Administrative Procedures Act.
             1345          (6) Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, an alleged perpetrator who, after


             1346      receiving notice, fails to challenge a supported finding in accordance with this section:
             1347          (a) may not further challenge the finding; and
             1348          (b) shall have no right to:
             1349          (i) agency review of the finding;
             1350          (ii) an adjudicative hearing on the finding; or
             1351          (iii) judicial review of the finding.
             1352          (7) (a) Except as provided in Subsection (7)(b), an alleged perpetrator may not make a
             1353      request under Subsection (4) to challenge a supported finding if a court of competent
             1354      jurisdiction entered a finding, in a proceeding in which the alleged perpetrator was a party, that
             1355      the alleged perpetrator is substantially responsible for the abuse, neglect, or dependency which
             1356      was also the subject of the supported finding.
             1357          (b) Subsection (7)(a) does not apply to pleas in abeyance or diversion agreements.
             1358          (c) An adjudicative proceeding under Subsection (5) may be stayed during the time a
             1359      judicial action on the same matter is pending.
             1360          (8) Pursuant to Section 78-3a 320, an adjudicative proceeding on a supported finding of
             1361      a type of abuse or neglect that does not constitute a severe type of child abuse or neglect may
             1362      be joined in the juvenile court with an adjudicative proceeding on a supported finding of a
             1363      severe type of child abuse or neglect.
             1364          Section 32. Section 62A-4a-1010 is amended to read:
             1365           62A-4a-1010. Notice and opportunity for court hearing for persons listed in
             1366      Licensing Information System.
             1367          (1) Persons whose names were listed on the Licensing Information System as of May 6,
             1368      2002 and who have not been the subject of a court determination with respect to the alleged
             1369      incident of abuse or neglect may at any time:
             1370          (a) request review by the division of their case and removal of their name from the
             1371      Licensing Information System pursuant to Subsection (3); or
             1372          (b) file a petition for an evidentiary hearing and a request for a finding of
             1373      unsubstantiated or without merit.


             1374          (2) Subsection (1) does not apply to an individual who has been the subject of any of
             1375      the following court determinations with respect to the alleged incident of abuse or neglect:
             1376          (a) conviction;
             1377          (b) adjudication under Title 78, Chapter 3a, Juvenile Court Act of 1996;
             1378          (c) plea of guilty;
             1379          (d) plea of guilty and mentally ill; or
             1380          (e) no contest.
             1381          (3) If an alleged perpetrator listed on the Licensing Information System prior to May 6,
             1382      2002 requests removal of the alleged perpetrator's name from the Licensing Information
             1383      System, the division shall, within 30 days:
             1384          (a) (i) review the case to determine whether the incident of alleged abuse or neglect
             1385      qualifies as:
             1386          (A) a severe type of child abuse or neglect;
             1387          (B) chronic [physical] abuse; or
             1388          [(C) chronic emotional abuse; or]
             1389          [(D)] (C) chronic neglect; and
             1390          (ii) if the alleged abuse or neglect does not qualify as a type of abuse or neglect
             1391      described in Subsections (3)(a)(i)(A) through (D), remove the alleged perpetrator's name from
             1392      the Licensing Information System; or
             1393          (b) determine whether to file a petition for substantiation.
             1394          (4) If the division decides to file a petition, that petition must be filed no more than 14
             1395      days after the decision.
             1396          (5) The juvenile court shall act on the petition as provided in Subsection 78-3a-320 (3).
             1397          (6) If a person whose name appears on the Licensing Information System prior to May
             1398      6, 2002 files a petition pursuant to Section 78-3a-320 during the time that an alleged
             1399      perpetrator's application for clearance to work with children or vulnerable adults is pending, the
             1400      court shall hear the matter on an expedited basis.
             1401          Section 33. Section 76-7-304 is amended to read:


             1402           76-7-304. Considerations by physician -- Notice to a parent or guardian --
             1403      Exceptions.
             1404          (1) As used in this section:
             1405          (a) "abuse" is as defined in Section [ 62A-4a-101 ] 78-3a-103 ; and
             1406          (b) "minor" means a person who is:
             1407          (i) under 18 years of age;
             1408          (ii) unmarried; and
             1409          (iii) not emancipated.
             1410          (2) To enable the physician to exercise the physician's best medical judgment, the
             1411      physician shall consider all factors relevant to the well-being of the woman upon whom the
             1412      abortion is to be performed including:
             1413          (a) her physical, emotional and psychological health and safety;
             1414          (b) her age; and
             1415          (c) her familial situation.
             1416          (3) Subject to Subsection (4), at least 24 hours before a physician performs an abortion
             1417      on a minor, the physician shall notify a parent or guardian of the minor that the minor intends to
             1418      have an abortion.
             1419          (4) A physician is not required to comply with Subsection (3) if:
             1420          (a) subject to Subsection (5)(a):
             1421          (i) a medical condition exists that, on the basis of the physician's good faith clinical
             1422      judgment, so complicates the medical condition of a pregnant minor as to necessitate the
             1423      abortion of her pregnancy to avert:
             1424          (A) the minor's death; or
             1425          (B) a serious risk of substantial and irreversible impairment of a major bodily function
             1426      of the minor; and
             1427          (ii) there is not sufficient time to give the notice required under Subsection (3) before it
             1428      is necessary to terminate the minor's pregnancy in order to avert the minor's death or
             1429      impairment described in Subsection (4)(a)(i);


             1430          (b) subject to Subsection (5)(b):
             1431          (i) the physician complies with Subsection (6); and
             1432          (ii) (A) the minor is pregnant as a result of incest to which the parent or guardian was a
             1433      party; or
             1434          (B) the parent or guardian has abused the minor; or
             1435          (c) subject to Subsection (5)(b), the parent or guardian has not assumed responsibility
             1436      for the minor's care and upbringing.
             1437          (5) (a) If, for the reason described in Subsection (4)(a), a physician does not give the
             1438      24-hour notice described in Subsection (3), the physician shall give the required notice as early
             1439      as possible before the abortion, unless it is necessary to perform the abortion immediately in
             1440      order to avert the minor's death or impairment described in Subsection (4)(a)(i).
             1441          (b) If, for a reason described in Subsection (4)(b) or (c), a parent or guardian of a minor
             1442      is not notified that the minor intends to have an abortion, the physician shall notify another
             1443      parent or guardian of the minor, if the minor has another parent or guardian that is not exempt
             1444      from notification under Subsection (4)(b) or (c).
             1445          (6) If, for a reason described in Subsection (4)(b)(ii)(A) or (B), a physician does not
             1446      notify a parent or guardian of a minor that the minor intends to have an abortion, the physician
             1447      shall report the incest or abuse to the Division of Child and Family Services within the
             1448      Department of Human Services.
             1449          Section 34. Section 78-3a-103 is amended to read:
             1450           78-3a-103. Definitions.
             1451          (1) As used in this chapter:
             1452          [(a) "Abused child" includes a child who:]
             1453          [(i) has suffered or been threatened with nonaccidental physical or mental harm,
             1454      negligent treatment, or sexual exploitation; or]
             1455          [(ii) has been the victim of any sexual abuse.]
             1456          (a) (i) "Abuse" means:
             1457          (A) nonaccidental harm of a child;


             1458          (B) threatened harm of a child;
             1459          (C) sexual exploitation; or
             1460          (D) sexual abuse.
             1461          (ii) "Abuse" does not include:
             1462          (A) reasonable discipline or management of a child, including withholding privileges;
             1463          (B) conduct described in Section 76-2-401 ; or
             1464          (C) the use of reasonable and necessary physical restraint or force on a child:
             1465          (I) in self-defense;
             1466          (II) in defense of others;
             1467          (III) to protect the child; or
             1468          (IV) to remove a weapon in the possession of a child for any of the reasons described in
             1469      Subsections (1)(a)(ii)(C)(I) through (III).
             1470          (b) "Abused child" means a child who has been subjected to abuse.
             1471          [(b)] (c) "Adjudication" means a finding by the court, incorporated in a decree, that the
             1472      facts alleged in the petition have been proved.
             1473          [(c)] (d) "Adult" means a person 18 years of age or over, except that a person 18 years
             1474      or over under the continuing jurisdiction of the juvenile court pursuant to Section 78-3a-121
             1475      shall be referred to as a minor.
             1476          [(d)] (e) "Board" means the Board of Juvenile Court Judges.
             1477          [(e)] (f) "Child" means a person under 18 years of age.
             1478          [(f)] (g) "Child placement agency" means:
             1479          (i) a private agency licensed to receive a child for placement or adoption under this
             1480      code; or
             1481          (ii) a private agency that receives a child for placement or adoption in another state,
             1482      which agency is licensed or approved where such license or approval is required by law.
             1483          [(g)] (h) "Clandestine laboratory operation" is as defined in Section 58-37d-3 .
             1484          [(h)] (i) "Commit" means, unless specified otherwise:
             1485          (i) with respect to a child, to transfer legal custody; and


             1486          (ii) with respect to a minor who is at least 18 years of age, to transfer custody.
             1487          [(i)] (j) "Court" means the juvenile court.
             1488          [(j)] (k) "Dependent child" includes a child who is homeless or without proper care
             1489      through no fault of the child's parent, guardian, or custodian.
             1490          [(k)] (l) "Deprivation of custody" means transfer of legal custody by the court from a
             1491      parent or the parents or a previous legal custodian to another person, agency, or institution.
             1492          [(l)] (m) "Detention" means home detention and secure detention as defined in Section
             1493      62A-7-101 for the temporary care of a minor who requires secure custody in a physically
             1494      restricting facility:
             1495          (i) pending court disposition or transfer to another jurisdiction; or
             1496          (ii) while under the continuing jurisdiction of the court.
             1497          [(m)] (n) "Division" means the Division of Child and Family Services.
             1498          [(n)] (o) "Formal referral" means a written report from a peace officer or other person
             1499      informing the court that a minor is or appears to be within the court's jurisdiction and that a
             1500      petition may be filed.
             1501          [(o)] (p) "Group rehabilitation therapy" means psychological and social counseling of
             1502      one or more persons in the group, depending upon the recommendation of the therapist.
             1503          [(p)] (q) "Guardianship of the person" includes the authority to consent to:
             1504          (i) marriage;
             1505          (ii) enlistment in the armed forces;
             1506          (iii) major medical, surgical, or psychiatric treatment; or
             1507          (iv) legal custody, if legal custody is not vested in another person, agency, or
             1508      institution.
             1509          [(q)] (r) "Habitual truant" is as defined in Section 53A-11-101 .
             1510          (s) "Harm" means:
             1511          (i) physical, emotional, or developmental injury or damage;
             1512          (ii) sexual abuse; or
             1513          (iii) sexual exploitation.


             1514          (t) (i) "Incest" means engaging in sexual intercourse with a person whom the
             1515      perpetrator knows to be the perpetrator's ancestor, descendant, brother, sister, uncle, aunt,
             1516      nephew, niece, or first cousin.
             1517          (ii) The relationships described in Subsection (1)(t)(i) include:
             1518          (A) blood relationships of the whole or half blood, without regard to legitimacy;
             1519          (B) relationships of parent and child by adoption; and
             1520          (C) relationships of stepparent and stepchild while the marriage creating the relationship
             1521      of a stepparent and stepchild exists.
             1522          [(r)] (u) "Legal custody" means a relationship embodying the following rights and
             1523      duties:
             1524          (i) the right to physical custody of the minor;
             1525          (ii) the right and duty to protect, train, and discipline the minor;
             1526          (iii) the duty to provide the minor with food, clothing, shelter, education, and ordinary
             1527      medical care;
             1528          (iv) the right to determine where and with whom the minor shall live; and
             1529          (v) the right, in an emergency, to authorize surgery or other extraordinary care.
             1530          [(s)] (v) "Minor" means:
             1531          (i) a child; or
             1532          (ii) a person who is:
             1533          (A) at least 18 years of age and younger than 21 years of age; and
             1534          (B) under the jurisdiction of the juvenile court.
             1535          (w) "Molestation" means that a person, with the intent to arouse or gratify the sexual
             1536      desire of any person:
             1537          (i) touches the anus or any part of the genitals of a child;
             1538          (ii) takes indecent liberties with a child; or
             1539          (iii) causes a child to take indecent liberties with the perpetrator or another.
             1540          [(t)] (x) "Natural parent" means a minor's biological or adoptive parent, and includes
             1541      the minor's noncustodial parent.


             1542          [(u) (i) "Neglected child" means a child:]
             1543          [(A) whose parent, guardian, or custodian has abandoned the child, except as provided
             1544      in Title 62A, Chapter 4a, Part 8, Safe Relinquishment of a Newborn Child;]
             1545          [(B) whose parent, guardian, or custodian has subjected the child to mistreatment or
             1546      abuse;]
             1547          [(C) who lacks proper parental care by reason of the fault or habits of the parent,
             1548      guardian, or custodian;]
             1549          [(D) whose parent, guardian, or custodian fails or refuses to provide proper or
             1550      necessary subsistence, education, or medical care, including surgery or psychiatric services
             1551      when required, or any other care necessary for health, safety, morals, or well-being;]
             1552          [(E) who is at risk of being a neglected or abused child as defined in this chapter
             1553      because another child in the same home is a neglected or abused child as defined in this chapter;
             1554      or]
             1555          [(F) whose parent permits the minor to reside, on a permanent or temporary basis, at
             1556      the location of a clandestine laboratory operation.]
             1557          [(ii) The aspect of neglect related to education, described in Subsection (1)(u)(i)(D),
             1558      means that, after receiving notice that a child has been frequently absent from school without
             1559      good cause, or that the child has failed to cooperate with school authorities in a reasonable
             1560      manner, a parent or guardian fails to make a good faith effort to ensure that the child receives
             1561      an appropriate education.]
             1562          [(iii) A parent or guardian legitimately practicing religious beliefs and who, for that
             1563      reason, does not provide specified medical treatment for a child, is not guilty of neglect.]
             1564          [(iv) Notwithstanding Subsection (1)(u)(i), a health care decision made for a child by
             1565      the child's parent or guardian does not constitute neglect unless the state or other party to the
             1566      proceeding shows, by clear and convincing evidence, that the health care decision is not
             1567      reasonable and informed.]
             1568          [(v) Nothing in Subsection (1)(u)(iv) may prohibit a parent or guardian from exercising
             1569      the right to obtain a second health care opinion.]


             1570          (y) (i) "Neglect" means:
             1571          (A) abandonment of a child, except as provided in Title 62A, Chapter 4a, Part 8, Safe
             1572      Relinquishment of a Newborn Child;
             1573          (B) lack of proper parental care of a child by reason of the fault or habits of the parent,
             1574      guardian, or custodian;
             1575          (C) failure or refusal of a parent, guardian, or custodian to provide proper or necessary
             1576      subsistence, education, or medical care, or any other care necessary for the child's health, safety,
             1577      morals, or well-being; or
             1578          (D) a child at risk of being neglected or abused because another child in the same home
             1579      is neglected or abused.
             1580          (ii) The aspect of neglect relating to education, described in Subsection (1)(y)(i)(C),
             1581      means that, after receiving a notice of compulsory education violation under Section
             1582      53A-11-101.5 , or notice that a parent or guardian has failed to cooperate with school
             1583      authorities in a reasonable manner as required under Subsection 53A-11-101.7 (5)(a), the parent
             1584      or guardian fails to make a good faith effort to ensure that the child receives an appropriate
             1585      education.
             1586          (iii) A parent or guardian legitimately practicing religious beliefs and who, for that
             1587      reason, does not provide specified medical treatment for a child, is not guilty of neglect.
             1588          (iv) (A) Notwithstanding Subsection (1)(y)(i), a health care decision made for a child by
             1589      the child's parent or guardian does not constitute neglect unless the state or other party to the
             1590      proceeding shows, by clear and convincing evidence, that the health care decision is not
             1591      reasonable and informed.
             1592          (B) Nothing in Subsection (1)(y)(iv)(A) may prohibit a parent or guardian from
             1593      exercising the right to obtain a second health care opinion.
             1594          (z) "Neglected child" means a child who has been subjected to neglect.
             1595          [(v)] (aa) "Nonjudicial adjustment" means closure of the case by the assigned probation
             1596      officer without judicial determination upon the consent in writing of:
             1597          (i) the assigned probation officer; and


             1598          (ii) (A) the minor; or
             1599          (B) the minor and the minor's parent, legal guardian, or custodian.
             1600          (bb) "Physical abuse" means abuse that results in physical injury or damage to a child.
             1601          [(w)] (cc) "Probation" means a legal status created by court order following an
             1602      adjudication on the ground of a violation of law or under Section 78-3a-104 , whereby the minor
             1603      is permitted to remain in the minor's home under prescribed conditions and under supervision by
             1604      the probation department or other agency designated by the court, subject to return to the court
             1605      for violation of any of the conditions prescribed.
             1606          [(x)] (dd) "Protective supervision" means a legal status created by court order following
             1607      an adjudication on the ground of abuse, neglect, or dependency, whereby the minor is permitted
             1608      to remain in the minor's home, and supervision and assistance to correct the abuse, neglect, or
             1609      dependency is provided by the probation department or other agency designated by the court.
             1610          [(y)] (ee) (i) "Residual parental rights and duties" means those rights and duties
             1611      remaining with the parent after legal custody or guardianship, or both, have been vested in
             1612      another person or agency, including:
             1613          (A) the responsibility for support;
             1614          (B) the right to consent to adoption;
             1615          (C) the right to determine the child's religious affiliation; and
             1616          (D) the right to reasonable parent-time unless restricted by the court.
             1617          (ii) If no guardian has been appointed, "residual parental rights and duties" also include
             1618      the right to consent to:
             1619          (A) marriage;
             1620          (B) enlistment; and
             1621          (C) major medical, surgical, or psychiatric treatment.
             1622          [(z)] (ff) "Secure facility" means any facility operated by or under contract with the
             1623      Division of Juvenile Justice Services, that provides 24-hour supervision and confinement for
             1624      youth offenders committed to the division for custody and rehabilitation.
             1625          (gg) "Severe abuse" means abuse that causes or threatens to cause serious harm to a


             1626      child.
             1627          (hh) "Severe neglect" means neglect that causes or threatens to cause serious harm to a
             1628      child.
             1629          (ii) "Sexual abuse" means:
             1630          (i) an act or attempted act of sexual intercourse, sodomy, incest, or molestation directed
             1631      towards a child; or
             1632          (ii) engaging in any conduct with a child that would constitute an offense under any of
             1633      the following, regardless of whether the person who engages in the conduct is actually charged
             1634      with, or convicted of, the offense:
             1635          (A) Title 76, Chapter 5, Part 4, Sexual Offenses;
             1636          (B) child bigamy, Section 76-7-101.5 ;
             1637          (C) incest, Section 76-7-102 ;
             1638          (D) lewdness or sexual battery, Section 76-9-702 ;
             1639          (E) lewdness involving a child, Section 76-9-702.5 ; or
             1640          (F) voyeurism, Section 76-9-702.7 .
             1641          (jj) "Sexual exploitation" means knowingly:
             1642          (i) employing, using, persuading, inducing, enticing, or coercing any child to:
             1643          (A) pose in the nude for the purpose of sexual arousal of any person; or
             1644          (B) engage in any sexual or simulated sexual conduct for the purpose of photographing,
             1645      filming, recording, or displaying in any way the sexual or simulated sexual conduct;
             1646          (ii) displaying, distributing, possessing for the purpose of distribution, or selling material
             1647      depicting a child:
             1648          (A) in the nude, for the purpose of sexual arousal of any person; or
             1649          (B) engaging in sexual or simulated sexual conduct; or
             1650          (iii) engaging in any conduct that would constitute an offense under Title 76, Chapter
             1651      5a, Sexual Exploitation of Children, regardless of whether the person who engages in the
             1652      conduct is actually charged with, or convicted of, the offense.
             1653          [(aa)] (kk) "Shelter" means the temporary care of a child in a physically unrestricted


             1654      facility pending court disposition or transfer to another jurisdiction.
             1655          [(bb)] (ll) "State supervision" means a disposition that provides a more intensive level of
             1656      intervention than standard probation but is less intensive or restrictive than a community
             1657      placement with the Division of Juvenile Justice Services.
             1658          (mm) "Substance abuse" means the misuse or excessive use of alcohol or other drugs or
             1659      substances.
             1660          [(cc)] (nn) "Substantiated" is as defined in Section 62A-4a-101 .
             1661          [(dd)] (oo) "Supported" is as defined in Section 62A-4a-101 .
             1662          [(ee)] (pp) "Termination of parental rights" means the permanent elimination of all
             1663      parental rights and duties, including residual parental rights and duties, by court order.
             1664          [(ff)] (qq) "Therapist" means:
             1665          (i) a person employed by a state division or agency for the purpose of conducting
             1666      psychological treatment and counseling of a minor in its custody; or
             1667          (ii) any other person licensed or approved by the state for the purpose of conducting
             1668      psychological treatment and counseling.
             1669          [(gg)] (rr) "Unsubstantiated" is as defined in Section 62A-4a-101 .
             1670          [(hh)] (ss) "Without merit" is as defined in Section 62A-4a-101 .
             1671          (2) As used in Part 3, Abuse, Neglect, and Dependency Proceedings, with regard to the
             1672      Division of Child and Family Services:
             1673          (a) "Custody" means the custody of a minor in the Division of Child and Family
             1674      Services as of the date of disposition.
             1675          (b) "Protective custody" means the shelter of a child by the Division of Child and
             1676      Family Services from the time the child is removed from home until the earlier of:
             1677          (i) the shelter hearing; or
             1678          (ii) the child's return home.
             1679          (c) "Temporary custody" means the custody of a child in the Division of Child and
             1680      Family Services from the date of the shelter hearing until disposition.
             1681          Section 35. Section 78-3a-301 is amended to read:


             1682           78-3a-301. Court-ordered protective custody of a child following petition filing --
             1683      Grounds.
             1684          (1) After a petition has been filed under Section 78-3a-305 , if the child who is the
             1685      subject of the petition is not in the protective custody of the division, a court may order that the
             1686      child be removed from the child's home or otherwise taken into protective custody if the court
             1687      finds, by a preponderance of the evidence, that any one or more of the following circumstances
             1688      exist:
             1689          (a) (i) there is an imminent danger to the physical health or safety of the child; and
             1690          (ii) the child's physical health or safety may not be protected without removing the child
             1691      from the custody of the child's parent or guardian;
             1692          (b) (i) a parent or guardian engages in or threatens the child with unreasonable conduct
             1693      that causes the child to suffer emotional damage; and
             1694          (ii) there are no reasonable means available by which the child's emotional health may be
             1695      protected without removing the child from the custody of the child's parent or guardian;
             1696          (c) the child or another child residing in the same household has been, or is considered
             1697      to be at substantial risk of being, physically [or] abused, sexually abused, or [is considered to be
             1698      at substantial risk of being physically or] sexually [abused] exploited, by a parent or guardian, a
             1699      member of the parent's or guardian's household, or other person known to the parent or
             1700      guardian;
             1701          (d) the parent or guardian is unwilling to have physical custody of the child;
             1702          (e) the child is abandoned or left without any provision for the child's support;
             1703          (f) a parent or guardian who has been incarcerated or institutionalized has not arranged
             1704      or cannot arrange for safe and appropriate care for the child;
             1705          (g) (i) a relative or other adult custodian with whom the child is left by the parent or
             1706      guardian is unwilling or unable to provide care or support for the child;
             1707          (ii) the whereabouts of the parent or guardian are unknown; and
             1708          (iii) reasonable efforts to locate the parent or guardian are unsuccessful;
             1709          (h) the child is in immediate need of medical care;


             1710          (i) (i) a parent's or guardian's actions, omissions, or habitual action create an
             1711      environment that poses a threat to the child's health or safety; or
             1712          (ii) a parent's or guardian's action in leaving a child unattended would reasonably pose a
             1713      threat to the child's health or safety;
             1714          (j) the child or another child residing in the same household has been neglected;
             1715          (k) an infant has been abandoned, as defined in Section 78-3a-313.5 ;
             1716          (l) (i) the parent or guardian, or an adult residing in the same household as the parent or
             1717      guardian, is charged or arrested pursuant to Title 58, Chapter 37d, Clandestine Drug Lab Act;
             1718      and
             1719          (ii) any clandestine laboratory operation was located in the residence or on the property
             1720      where the child resided; or
             1721          (m) the child's welfare is otherwise endangered.
             1722          (2) (a) For purposes of Subsection (1)(a), if a child has previously been adjudicated as
             1723      abused, neglected, or dependent, and a subsequent incident of abuse, neglect, or dependency
             1724      occurs involving the same substantiated abuser or under similar circumstance as the previous
             1725      abuse, that fact constitutes prima facie evidence that the child cannot safely remain in the
             1726      custody of the child's parent.
             1727          (b) For purposes of Subsection (1)(c):
             1728          (i) another child residing in the same household may not be removed from the home
             1729      unless that child is considered to be at substantial risk of being physically [or] abused, sexually
             1730      abused, or sexually exploited as described in Subsection (1)(c) or Subsection (2)(b)(ii); and
             1731          (ii) if a parent or guardian has received actual notice that physical [or] abuse, sexual
             1732      abuse, or sexual exploitation by a person known to the parent has occurred, and there is
             1733      evidence that the parent or guardian failed to protect the child, after having received the notice,
             1734      by allowing the child to be in the physical presence of the alleged abuser, that fact constitutes
             1735      prima facie evidence that the child is at substantial risk of being physically [or] abused, sexually
             1736      abused, or sexually exploited.
             1737          (3) In the absence of one of the factors described in Subsection (1), a court may not


             1738      remove a child from the parent's or guardian's custody on the basis of:
             1739          (a) educational neglect;
             1740          (b) mental illness or poverty of the parent or guardian; or
             1741          (c) disability of the parent or guardian, as defined in Section 57-21-2 .
             1742          (4) A child removed from the custody of the child's parent or guardian under this
             1743      section may not be placed or kept in a secure detention facility pending further court
             1744      proceedings unless the child is detainable based on guidelines promulgated by the Division of
             1745      Juvenile Justice Services.
             1746          (5) This section does not preclude removal of a child from the child's home without a
             1747      warrant or court order under Section 62A-4a-202.1 .
             1748          (6) (a) Except as provided in Subsection (6)(b), a court or the Division of Child and
             1749      Family Services may not remove a child from the custody of the child's parent or guardian on
             1750      the sole or primary basis that the parent or guardian refuses to consent to:
             1751          (i) the administration of a psychotropic medication to a child;
             1752          (ii) a psychiatric, psychological, or behavioral treatment for a child; or
             1753          (iii) a psychiatric or behavioral health evaluation of a child.
             1754          (b) Notwithstanding Subsection (6)(a), a court or the Division of Child and Family
             1755      Services may remove a child under conditions that would otherwise be prohibited under
             1756      Subsection (6)(a) if failure to take an action described under Subsection (6)(a) would present a
             1757      serious, imminent risk to the child's physical safety or the physical safety of others.
             1758          Section 36. Section 78-3a-306 is amended to read:
             1759           78-3a-306. Shelter hearing.
             1760          (1) A shelter hearing shall be held within 72 hours excluding weekends and holidays
             1761      after any one or all of the following occur:
             1762          (a) removal of the child from the child's home by the division;
             1763          (b) placement of the child in the protective custody of the division;
             1764          (c) emergency placement under Subsection 62A-4a-202.1 (4);
             1765          (d) as an alternative to removal of the child, a parent enters a domestic violence shelter


             1766      at the request of the division; or
             1767          (e) a "Motion for Expedited Placement in Temporary Custody" is filed under
             1768      Subsection 78-3a-106 (4).
             1769          (2) Upon the occurrence of any of the circumstances described in Subsections (1)(a)
             1770      through (e), the division shall issue a notice that contains all of the following:
             1771          (a) the name and address of the person to whom the notice is directed;
             1772          (b) the date, time, and place of the shelter hearing;
             1773          (c) the name of the child on whose behalf a petition is being brought;
             1774          (d) a concise statement regarding:
             1775          (i) the reasons for removal or other action of the division under Subsection (1); and
             1776          (ii) the allegations and code sections under which the proceeding has been instituted;
             1777          (e) a statement that the parent or guardian to whom notice is given, and the child, are
             1778      entitled to have an attorney present at the shelter hearing, and that if the parent or guardian is
             1779      indigent and cannot afford an attorney, and desires to be represented by an attorney, one will be
             1780      provided; and
             1781          (f) a statement that the parent or guardian is liable for the cost of support of the child in
             1782      the protective custody, temporary custody, and custody of the division, and the cost for legal
             1783      counsel appointed for the parent or guardian under Subsection (2)(e), according to the financial
             1784      ability of the parent or guardian.
             1785          (3) The notice described in Subsection (2) shall be personally served as soon as
             1786      possible, but no later than one business day after removal of the child from the child's home, or
             1787      the filing of a "Motion for Expedited Placement in Temporary Custody" under Subsection
             1788      78-3a-106 (4), on:
             1789          (a) the appropriate guardian ad litem; and
             1790          (b) both parents and any guardian of the child, unless the parents or guardians cannot be
             1791      located.
             1792          (4) The following persons shall be present at the shelter hearing:
             1793          (a) the child, unless it would be detrimental for the child;


             1794          (b) the child's parents or guardian, unless the parents or guardian cannot be located, or
             1795      fail to appear in response to the notice;
             1796          (c) counsel for the parents, if one is requested;
             1797          (d) the child's guardian ad litem;
             1798          (e) the caseworker from the division who is assigned to the case; and
             1799          (f) the attorney from the attorney general's office who is representing the division.
             1800          (5) (a) At the shelter hearing, the court shall:
             1801          (i) provide an opportunity to provide relevant testimony to:
             1802          (A) the child's parent or guardian, if present; and
             1803          (B) any other person having relevant knowledge; and
             1804          (ii) subject to Section 78-3a-305.5 , provide an opportunity for the child to testify.
             1805          (b) The court:
             1806          (i) may consider all relevant evidence, in accordance with the Utah Rules of Juvenile
             1807      Procedure;
             1808          (ii) shall hear relevant evidence presented by the child, the child's parent or guardian,
             1809      the requesting party, or their counsel; and
             1810          (iii) may in its discretion limit testimony and evidence to only that which goes to the
             1811      issues of removal and the child's need for continued protection.
             1812          (6) If the child is in the protective custody of the division, the division shall report to the
             1813      court:
             1814          (a) the reason why the child was removed from the parent's or guardian's custody;
             1815          (b) any services provided to the child and the child's family in an effort to prevent
             1816      removal;
             1817          (c) the need, if any, for continued shelter;
             1818          (d) the available services that could facilitate the return of the child to the custody of
             1819      the child's parent or guardian; and
             1820          (e) subject to Subsection 78-3a-307 (8)(c), whether any relatives of the child or friends
             1821      of the child's parents may be able and willing to take temporary custody.


             1822          (7) The court shall consider all relevant evidence provided by persons or entities
             1823      authorized to present relevant evidence pursuant to this section.
             1824          (8) (a) If necessary to protect the child, preserve the rights of a party, or for other good
             1825      cause shown, the court may grant no more than one continuance, not to exceed five judicial
             1826      days.
             1827          (b) A court shall honor, as nearly as practicable, the request by a parent or guardian for
             1828      a continuance under Subsection (8)(a).
             1829          (9) (a) If the child is in the protective custody of the division, the court shall order that
             1830      the child be released from the protective custody of the division unless it finds, by a
             1831      preponderance of the evidence, that any one of the following exist:
             1832          (i) subject to Subsection (9)(b)(i), there is a substantial danger to the physical health or
             1833      safety of the child and the child's physical health or safety may not be protected without
             1834      removing the child from the custody of the child's parent;
             1835          (ii) (A) the child is suffering emotional damage; and
             1836          (B) there are no reasonable means available by which the child's emotional health may
             1837      be protected without removing the child from the custody of the child's parent;
             1838          (iii) there is a substantial risk that the child will suffer abuse or neglect if the child is not
             1839      removed from the custody of the child's parents;
             1840          (iv) subject to Subsection (9)(b)(ii), the child or a minor residing in the same household
             1841      has been [physically or sexually abused], or is considered to be at substantial risk of being,
             1842      physically [or] abused, sexually abused, or sexually exploited by a:
             1843          (A) parent;
             1844          (B) member of the parent's household; or
             1845          (C) person known to the parent;
             1846          (v) the parent is unwilling to have physical custody of the child;
             1847          (vi) the child is without any provision for the child's support;
             1848          (vii) a parent who is incarcerated or institutionalized has not or cannot arrange for safe
             1849      and appropriate care for the child;


             1850          (viii) (A) a relative or other adult custodian with whom the child is left by the parent is
             1851      unwilling or unable to provide care or support for the child;
             1852          (B) the whereabouts of the parent are unknown; and
             1853          (C) reasonable efforts to locate the parent are unsuccessful;
             1854          (ix) the child is in urgent need of medical care;
             1855          (x) the physical environment or the fact that the child is left unattended beyond a
             1856      reasonable period of time poses a threat to the child's health or safety;
             1857          (xi) the child or a minor residing in the same household has been neglected;
             1858          (xii) the parent, or an adult residing in the same household as the parent, is charged or
             1859      arrested pursuant to Title 58, Chapter 37d, Clandestine Drug Lab Act, and any clandestine
             1860      laboratory operation was located in the residence or on the property where the child resided; or
             1861          (xiii) the child's welfare is substantially endangered.
             1862          (b) (i) Prima facie evidence of the finding described in Subsection (9)(a)(i) is established
             1863      if:
             1864          (A) a court previously adjudicated that the child suffered abuse, neglect, or dependency
             1865      involving the parent; and
             1866          (B) a subsequent incident of abuse, neglect, or dependency involving the parent occurs.
             1867          (ii) For purposes of Subsection (9)(a)(iv), if the court finds that the parent knowingly
             1868      allowed the child to be in the physical care of a person after the parent received actual notice
             1869      that the person physically [or] abused, sexually abused, or sexually exploited the child, that fact
             1870      constitutes prima facie evidence that there is a substantial risk that the child will be physically
             1871      [or] abused, sexually abused, or sexually exploited.
             1872          (10) (a) (i) The court shall also make a determination on the record as to whether
             1873      reasonable efforts were made to prevent or eliminate the need for removal of the child from the
             1874      child's home and whether there are available services that would prevent the need for continued
             1875      removal.
             1876          (ii) If the court finds that the child can be safely returned to the custody of the child's
             1877      parent or guardian through the provision of those services, the court shall place the child with


             1878      the child's parent or guardian and order that those services be provided by the division.
             1879          (b) In making the determination described in Subsection (10)(a), and in ordering and
             1880      providing services, the child's health, safety, and welfare shall be the paramount concern, in
             1881      accordance with federal law.
             1882          (11) Where the division's first contact with the family occurred during an emergency
             1883      situation in which the child could not safely remain at home, the court shall make a finding that
             1884      any lack of preplacement preventive efforts was appropriate.
             1885          (12) In cases where actual sexual abuse [or], sexual exploitation, abandonment, [or
             1886      serious physical] severe abuse, or severe neglect are involved, neither the division nor the court
             1887      has any duty to make "reasonable efforts" or to, in any other way, attempt to maintain a child in
             1888      the child's home, return a child to the child's home, provide reunification services, or attempt to
             1889      rehabilitate the offending parent or parents.
             1890          (13) The court may not order continued removal of a child solely on the basis of
             1891      educational neglect as described in Subsection 78-3a-103 (1)[(u)](y)(ii).
             1892          (14) (a) Whenever a court orders continued removal of a child under this section, the
             1893      court shall state the facts on which that decision is based.
             1894          (b) If no continued removal is ordered and the child is returned home, the court shall
             1895      state the facts on which that decision is based.
             1896          (15) If the court finds that continued removal and temporary custody are necessary for
             1897      the protection of a child because harm may result to the child if the child were returned home,
             1898      the court shall order continued removal regardless of:
             1899          (a) any error in the initial removal of the child;
             1900          (b) the failure of a party to comply with notice provisions; or
             1901          (c) any other procedural requirement of this chapter or Title 62A, Chapter 4a, Child and
             1902      Family Services.
             1903          Section 37. Section 78-3a-307.1 is amended to read:
             1904           78-3a-307.1. Criminal background checks necessary prior to out-of-home
             1905      placement.


             1906          (1) Upon ordering removal of a child from the custody of the child's parent and placing
             1907      that child in the custody of the Division of Child and Family Services, prior to the division's
             1908      placement of that child in out-of-home care, the court shall require the completion of a
             1909      background check by the Utah Bureau of Criminal Identification regarding the proposed
             1910      placement.
             1911          (2) (a) The Division of Child and Family Services and the Office of the Guardian ad
             1912      Litem Director may request, or the court upon its own motion may order, the Department of
             1913      Public Safety to conduct a complete Federal Bureau of Investigation criminal background check
             1914      through the national criminal history system (NCIC).
             1915          (b) Upon request by the Division of Child and Family Services or the Office of the
             1916      Guardian ad Litem Director, or upon the court's order, persons subject to the requirements of
             1917      Subsection (1) shall submit fingerprints and shall be subject to an FBI fingerprint background
             1918      check. The child may be temporarily placed, pending the outcome of that background check.
             1919          (c) The cost of those investigations shall be borne by whoever is to receive placement
             1920      of the child, except that the Division of Child and Family Services may pay all or part of the cost
             1921      of those investigations if the person with whom the child is to be placed is unable to pay.
             1922          (3) Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, except as otherwise permitted
             1923      by federal law or rule, a child who is in the legal custody of the state may not be placed with a
             1924      prospective foster parent or a prospective adoptive parent, unless, before the child is placed
             1925      with the prospective foster parent or the prospective adoptive parent:
             1926          (a) a fingerprint based FBI national criminal history records check is conducted on the
             1927      prospective foster parent or prospective adoptive parent and each adult living in the home of the
             1928      prospective foster parent or prospective adoptive parent;
             1929          (b) the Department of Human Services conducts a check of the [child] abuse and
             1930      neglect registry in each state where the prospective foster parent or prospective adoptive parent
             1931      resided in the five years immediately preceding the day on which the prospective foster parent
             1932      or prospective adoptive parent applied to be a foster parent or adoptive parent, to determine
             1933      whether the prospective foster parent or prospective adoptive parent is listed in the registry as


             1934      having a substantiated or supported finding of [child] abuse or neglect;
             1935          (c) the Department of Human Services conducts a check of the [child] abuse and
             1936      neglect registry of each state where each adult living in the home of the prospective foster
             1937      parent or prospective adoptive parent described in Subsection (3)(b) resided in the five years
             1938      immediately preceding the day on which the prospective foster parent or prospective adoptive
             1939      parent applied to be a foster parent or adoptive parent, to determine whether the adult is listed
             1940      in the registry as having a substantiated or supported finding of [child] abuse or neglect; and
             1941          (d) each person required to undergo a background check described in this Subsection
             1942      (3) passes the background check, pursuant to the provisions of Section 62A-2-120 .
             1943          Section 38. Section 78-3a-311 is amended to read:
             1944           78-3a-311. Dispositional hearing -- Reunification services -- Exceptions.
             1945          (1) The court may:
             1946          (a) make any of the dispositions described in Section 78-3a-118 ;
             1947          (b) place the minor in the custody or guardianship of any:
             1948          (i) individual; or
             1949          (ii) public or private entity or agency; or
             1950          (c) order:
             1951          (i) protective supervision;
             1952          (ii) family preservation;
             1953          (iii) subject to Subsection 78-3a-118 (2)(n)(iii), medical or mental health treatment; or
             1954          (iv) other services.
             1955          (2) (a) (i) Whenever the court orders continued removal at the dispositional hearing,
             1956      and that the minor remain in the custody of the division, the court shall first:
             1957          (A) establish a primary permanency goal for the minor; and
             1958          (B) determine whether, in view of the primary permanency goal, reunification services
             1959      are appropriate for the minor and the minor's family, pursuant to Subsection (3).
             1960          (ii) Subject to Subsection (2)(b), if the court determines that reunification services are
             1961      appropriate for the minor and the minor's family, the court shall provide for reasonable


             1962      parent-time with the parent or parents from whose custody the minor was removed, unless
             1963      parent-time is not in the best interest of the minor.
             1964          (iii) (A) In cases where obvious sexual abuse, sexual exploitation, abandonment, [or
             1965      serious physical] severe abuse, or severe neglect are involved, neither the division nor the court
             1966      has any duty to make "reasonable efforts" or to, in any other way, attempt to provide
             1967      reunification services, or to attempt to rehabilitate the offending parent or parents.
             1968          (B) In all cases, the minor's health, safety, and welfare shall be the court's paramount
             1969      concern in determining whether reasonable efforts to reunify should be made.
             1970          (b) (i) For purposes of Subsection (2)(a)(ii), parent-time is in the best interests of a
             1971      minor unless the court makes a finding that it is necessary to deny parent-time in order to:
             1972          (A) protect the physical safety of the minor;
             1973          (B) protect the life of the minor; or
             1974          (C) prevent the minor from being traumatized by contact with the parent due to the
             1975      minor's fear of the parent in light of the nature of the alleged abuse or neglect.
             1976          (ii) Notwithstanding Subsection (2)(a)(ii), a court may not deny parent-time based
             1977      solely on a parent's failure to:
             1978          (A) prove that the parent has not used legal or illegal substances; or
             1979          (B) comply with an aspect of the child and family plan that is ordered by the court.
             1980          (c) (i) In addition to the primary permanency goal, the court shall establish a concurrent
             1981      permanency goal that shall include:
             1982          (A) a representative list of the conditions under which the primary permanency goal will
             1983      be abandoned in favor of the concurrent permanency goal; and
             1984          (B) an explanation of the effect of abandoning or modifying the primary permanency
             1985      goal.
             1986          (ii) A permanency hearing shall be conducted in accordance with Subsection
             1987      78-3a-312 (1)(b) within 30 days if something other than reunification is initially established as a
             1988      minor's primary permanency goal.
             1989          (iii) (A) The court may amend a minor's primary permanency goal before the


             1990      establishment of a final permanency plan under Section 78-3a-312 .
             1991          (B) The court is not limited to the terms of the concurrent permanency goal in the event
             1992      that the primary permanency goal is abandoned.
             1993          (C) If, at any time, the court determines that reunification is no longer a minor's primary
             1994      permanency goal, the court shall conduct a permanency hearing in accordance with Section
             1995      78-3a-312 on or before the earlier of:
             1996          (I) 30 days from the day on which the court makes the determination described in this
             1997      Subsection (2)(c)(iii)(C); or
             1998          (II) 12 months from the day on which the minor was first removed from the minor's
             1999      home.
             2000          (d) (i) (A) If the court determines that reunification services are appropriate, it shall
             2001      order that the division make reasonable efforts to provide services to the minor and the minor's
             2002      parent for the purpose of facilitating reunification of the family, for a specified period of time.
             2003          (B) In providing the services described in Subsection (2)(d)(i)(A), the minor's health,
             2004      safety, and welfare shall be the division's paramount concern, and the court shall so order.
             2005          (ii) The court shall:
             2006          (A) determine whether the services offered or provided by the division under the child
             2007      and family plan constitute "reasonable efforts" on the part of the division;
             2008          (B) determine and define the responsibilities of the parent under the child and family
             2009      plan in accordance with Subsection 62A-4a-205 (6)(e); and
             2010          (C) identify on the record the responsibilities described in Subsection (2)(d)(ii)(B), for
             2011      the purpose of assisting in any future determination regarding the provision of reasonable
             2012      efforts, in accordance with state and federal law.
             2013          (iii) (A) The time period for reunification services may not exceed 12 months from the
             2014      date that the minor was initially removed from the minor's home.
             2015          (B) Nothing in this section may be construed to entitle any parent to an entire 12
             2016      months of reunification services.
             2017          (iv) If reunification services are ordered, the court may terminate those services at any


             2018      time.
             2019          (v) If, at any time, continuation of reasonable efforts to reunify a minor is determined to
             2020      be inconsistent with the final permanency plan for the minor established pursuant to Section
             2021      78-3a-312 , then measures shall be taken, in a timely manner, to:
             2022          (A) place the minor in accordance with the permanency plan; and
             2023          (B) complete whatever steps are necessary to finalize the permanent placement of the
             2024      minor.
             2025          (e) Any physical custody of the minor by the parent or a relative during the period
             2026      described in Subsection (2)(d) does not interrupt the running of the period.
             2027          (f) (i) If reunification services are ordered, a permanency hearing shall be conducted by
             2028      the court in accordance with Section 78-3a-312 at the expiration of the time period for
             2029      reunification services.
             2030          (ii) The permanency hearing shall be held no later than 12 months after the original
             2031      removal of the minor.
             2032          (iii) If reunification services are not ordered, a permanency hearing shall be conducted
             2033      within 30 days, in accordance with Section 78-3a-312 .
             2034          (g) With regard to a minor who is 36 months of age or younger at the time the minor is
             2035      initially removed from the home, the court shall:
             2036          (i) hold a permanency hearing eight months after the date of the initial removal,
             2037      pursuant to Section 78-3a-312 ; and
             2038          (ii) order the discontinuance of those services after eight months from the initial
             2039      removal of the minor from the home if the parent or parents have not made substantial efforts to
             2040      comply with the child and family plan.
             2041          (h) With regard to a minor in the custody of the division whose parent or parents are
             2042      ordered to receive reunification services but who have abandoned that minor for a period of six
             2043      months from the date that reunification services were ordered:
             2044          (i) the court shall terminate reunification services; and
             2045          (ii) the division shall petition the court for termination of parental rights.


             2046          (3) (a) Because of the state's interest in and responsibility to protect and provide
             2047      permanency for minors who are abused, neglected, or dependent, the Legislature finds that a
             2048      parent's interest in receiving reunification services is limited.
             2049          (b) The court may determine that:
             2050          (i) efforts to reunify a minor with the minor's family are not reasonable or appropriate,
             2051      based on the individual circumstances; and
             2052          (ii) reunification services should not be provided.
             2053          (c) In determining "reasonable efforts" to be made with respect to a minor, and in
             2054      making "reasonable efforts," the minor's health, safety, and welfare shall be the paramount
             2055      concern.
             2056          (d) (i) There is a presumption that reunification services should not be provided to a
             2057      parent if the court finds, by clear and convincing evidence, that any of the following
             2058      circumstances exist:
             2059          (A) the whereabouts of the parents are unknown, based upon a verified affidavit
             2060      indicating that a reasonably diligent search has failed to locate the parent;
             2061          (B) subject to Subsection (3)(d)(ii), the parent is suffering from a mental illness of such
             2062      magnitude that it renders the parent incapable of utilizing reunification services;
             2063          (C) the minor was previously adjudicated as an abused child due to physical [or] abuse,
             2064      sexual abuse, or sexual exploitation, and following the adjudication the minor:
             2065          (I) was removed from the custody of the minor's parent;
             2066          (II) was subsequently returned to the custody of the parent; and
             2067          (III) is being removed due to additional physical [or] abuse, sexual abuse, or sexual
             2068      exploitation;
             2069          (D) the parent:
             2070          (I) caused the death of another minor through abuse or neglect; or
             2071          (II) committed, aided, abetted, attempted, conspired, or solicited to commit:
             2072          (Aa) murder or manslaughter of a child; or
             2073          (Bb) child abuse homicide;


             2074          (E) the minor suffered severe abuse by the parent or by any person known by the
             2075      parent, if the parent knew or reasonably should have known that the person was abusing the
             2076      minor;
             2077          (F) the minor is adjudicated an abused child as a result of severe abuse by the parent,
             2078      and the court finds that it would not benefit the minor to pursue reunification services with the
             2079      offending parent;
             2080          (G) the parent's rights are terminated with regard to any other minor;
             2081          (H) the minor is removed from the minor's home on at least two previous occasions and
             2082      reunification services were offered or provided to the family at those times;
             2083          (I) the parent has abandoned the minor for a period of six months or longer;
             2084          (J) the parent permitted the child to reside, on a permanent or temporary basis, at a
             2085      location where the parent knew or should have known that a clandestine laboratory operation
             2086      was located; or
             2087          (K) any other circumstance that the court determines should preclude reunification
             2088      efforts or services.
             2089          (ii) The finding under Subsection (3)(d)(i)(B) shall be based on competent evidence
             2090      from at least two medical or mental health professionals, who are not associates, establishing
             2091      that, even with the provision of services, the parent is not likely to be capable of adequately
             2092      caring for the minor within 12 months from the day on which the court finding is made.
             2093          (4) In determining whether reunification services are appropriate, the court shall take
             2094      into consideration:
             2095          (a) failure of the parent to respond to previous services or comply with a previous child
             2096      and family plan;
             2097          (b) the fact that the minor was abused while the parent was under the influence of drugs
             2098      or alcohol;
             2099          (c) any history of violent behavior directed at the child or an immediate family member;
             2100          (d) whether a parent continues to live with an individual who abused the minor;
             2101          (e) any patterns of the parent's behavior that have exposed the minor to repeated abuse;


             2102          (f) testimony by a competent professional that the parent's behavior is unlikely to be
             2103      successful; and
             2104          (g) whether the parent has expressed an interest in reunification with the minor.
             2105          (5) (a) If reunification services are not ordered pursuant to Subsection (3)(a), and the
             2106      whereabouts of a parent become known within six months of the out-of-home placement of the
             2107      minor, the court may order the division to provide reunification services.
             2108          (b) The time limits described in Subsection (2) are not tolled by the parent's absence.
             2109          (6) (a) If a parent is incarcerated or institutionalized, the court shall order reasonable
             2110      services unless it determines that those services would be detrimental to the minor.
             2111          (b) In making the determination described in Subsection (6)(a), the court shall consider:
             2112          (i) the age of the minor;
             2113          (ii) the degree of parent-child bonding;
             2114          (iii) the length of the sentence;
             2115          (iv) the nature of the treatment;
             2116          (v) the nature of the crime or illness;
             2117          (vi) the degree of detriment to the minor if services are not offered;
             2118          (vii) for a minor ten years of age or older, the minor's attitude toward the
             2119      implementation of family reunification services; and
             2120          (viii) any other appropriate factors.
             2121          (c) Reunification services for an incarcerated parent are subject to the 12-month
             2122      limitation imposed in Subsection (2).
             2123          (d) Reunification services for an institutionalized parent are subject to the 12-month
             2124      limitation imposed in Subsection (2), unless the court determines that continued reunification
             2125      services would be in the minor's best interest.
             2126          (7) If, pursuant to Subsections (3)(d)(i)(B) through (K), the court does not order
             2127      reunification services, a permanency hearing shall be conducted within 30 days, in accordance
             2128      with Section 78-3a-312 .
             2129          Section 39. Section 78-3a-314 is amended to read:


             2130           78-3a-314. All proceedings -- Persons entitled to be present.
             2131          (1) A child who is the subject of a juvenile court hearing, any person entitled to notice
             2132      pursuant to Section 78-3a-306 or 78-3a-309 , preadoptive parents, foster parents, and any
             2133      relative providing care for the child, are:
             2134          (a) entitled to notice of, and to be present at, each hearing and proceeding held under
             2135      this part, including administrative and citizen reviews; and
             2136          (b) have a right to be heard at each hearing and proceeding described in Subsection
             2137      (1)(a).
             2138          (2) A child shall be represented at each hearing by the guardian ad litem appointed to
             2139      the child's case by the court. The child has a right to be present at each hearing, subject to the
             2140      discretion of the guardian ad litem or the court regarding any possible detriment to the child.
             2141          (3) (a) The parent or guardian of a child who is the subject of a petition under this part
             2142      has the right to be represented by counsel, and to present evidence, at each hearing.
             2143          (b) When it appears to the court that a parent or guardian of the child desires counsel
             2144      but is financially unable to afford and cannot for that reason employ counsel, and the child has
             2145      been placed in out-of-home care, or the petitioner is recommending that the child be placed in
             2146      out-of-home care, the court shall appoint counsel.
             2147          (4) In every abuse, neglect, or dependency proceeding under this chapter, the court
             2148      shall order that the child be represented by a guardian ad litem, in accordance with Section
             2149      78-3a-912 . The guardian ad litem shall represent the best interest of the child, in accordance
             2150      with the requirements of that section, at the shelter hearing and at all subsequent court and
             2151      administrative proceedings, including any proceeding for termination of parental rights in
             2152      accordance with Part 4, Termination of Parental Rights Act.
             2153          (5) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, counsel for all parties to the action
             2154      shall be given access to all records, maintained by the division or any other state or local public
             2155      agency, that are relevant to the abuse, neglect, or dependency proceeding under this chapter. If
             2156      the natural parent of a child is [representing himself] not represented by counsel, the natural
             2157      parent shall have access to those records. The above disclosures are not required in the


             2158      following circumstances:
             2159          (a) The division or other state or local public agency did not originally create the record
             2160      being requested. In those circumstances, the person making the request under this section shall
             2161      be informed of the following:
             2162          (i) the existence of all records in the possession of the division or any other state or
             2163      local public agency;
             2164          (ii) the name and address of the person or agency that originally created the record; and
             2165          (iii) that the person must seek access to the record from the person or agency that
             2166      originally created the record.
             2167          (b) Disclosure of the record would jeopardize the life or physical safety of a child who
             2168      has been a victim of [child] abuse or neglect, or any person who provided substitute care for the
             2169      child.
             2170          (c) Disclosure of the record would jeopardize the anonymity of the person or persons
             2171      making the initial report of abuse or neglect or any others involved in the subsequent
             2172      investigation.
             2173          (d) Disclosure of the record would jeopardize the life or physical safety of a person who
             2174      has been a victim of domestic violence.
             2175          (6) (a) The appropriate foster care citizen review board shall be given access to all
             2176      records, maintained by the division or any other state or local public agency, that are relevant to
             2177      an abuse, neglect, or dependency proceeding under this chapter.
             2178          (b) Representatives of the appropriate foster care citizen review board are entitled to be
             2179      present at each hearing held under this part, but notice is not required to be provided.
             2180          Section 40. Section 78-3a-318 is amended to read:
             2181           78-3a-318. Treatment for offender and victim -- Costs.
             2182          (1) Upon adjudication in the juvenile court of a person or persons charged with child
             2183      abuse [or], child sexual abuse, or sexual exploitation of a child the court may order treatment
             2184      for the adjudicated offender and the victim or the child victim.
             2185          (2) The adjudicated offender shall be required by the court to pay, to the extent that he


             2186      is able, the costs of that treatment together with the administrative costs incurred by the division
             2187      in monitoring completion of the ordered therapy or treatment.
             2188          (3) If the adjudicated offender is unable to pay the full cost of treatment, the court may
             2189      order the Division of Child and Family Services to pay those costs, to the extent that funding is
             2190      provided by the Legislature for that purpose, and the offender shall be required by the court to
             2191      perform public service work as compensation for the cost of treatment.
             2192          Section 41. Section 78-3a-403 is amended to read:
             2193           78-3a-403. Definitions.
             2194          As used in this chapter:
             2195          (1) "Division" means the Division of Child and Family Services within the Department
             2196      of Human Services.
             2197          (2) "Failure of parental adjustment" means that a parent or parents are unable or
             2198      unwilling within a reasonable time to substantially correct the circumstances, conduct, or
             2199      conditions that led to placement of their child outside of their home, notwithstanding reasonable
             2200      and appropriate efforts made by the Division of Child and Family Services to return the child to
             2201      that home.
             2202          (3) "Plan" means a written agreement between the parents of a child, who has been
             2203      removed from [his] the child's home by the juvenile court, and the Division of Child and Family
             2204      Services or written conditions and obligations imposed upon the parents directly by the juvenile
             2205      court, that have a primary objective of reuniting the family or, if the parents [neglect] fail or
             2206      refuse to comply with the terms and conditions of the case plan, freeing the child for adoption.
             2207          Section 42. Section 78-3a-407 is amended to read:
             2208           78-3a-407. Grounds for termination of parental rights -- Findings regarding
             2209      reasonable efforts.
             2210          (1) The court may terminate all parental rights with respect to a parent if the court finds
             2211      any one of the following:
             2212          (a) that the parent has abandoned the child;
             2213          (b) that the parent has neglected or abused the child;


             2214          (c) that the parent is unfit or incompetent;
             2215          (d) (i) that the child is being cared for in an out-of-home placement under the
             2216      supervision of the court or the division;
             2217          (ii) that the parent has substantially neglected, wilfully refused, or has been unable or
             2218      unwilling to remedy the circumstances that cause the child to be in an out-of-home placement;
             2219      and
             2220          (iii) that there is a substantial likelihood that the parent will not be capable of exercising
             2221      proper and effective parental care in the near future;
             2222          (e) failure of parental adjustment, as defined in this chapter;
             2223          (f) that only token efforts have been made by the parent:
             2224          (i) to support or communicate with the child;
             2225          (ii) to prevent neglect of the child;
             2226          (iii) to eliminate the risk of serious [physical, mental, or emotional abuse of] harm to the
             2227      child; or
             2228          (iv) to avoid being an unfit parent;
             2229          (g) (i) that the parent has voluntarily relinquished the parent's parental rights to the
             2230      child; and
             2231          (ii) that termination is in the child's best interest;
             2232          (h) that, after a period of trial during which the child was returned to live in the child's
             2233      own home, the parent substantially and continuously or repeatedly refused or failed to give the
             2234      child proper parental care and protection; or
             2235          (i) the terms and conditions of safe relinquishment of a newborn child have been
             2236      complied with, pursuant to Title 62A, Chapter 4a, Part 8, Safe Relinquishment of a Newborn
             2237      Child.
             2238          (2) The court may not terminate the parental rights of a parent because the parent has
             2239      failed to complete the requirements of a child and family plan.
             2240          (3) (a) Except as provided in Subsection (3)(b), in any case in which the court has
             2241      directed the division to provide reunification services to a parent, the court must find that the


             2242      division made reasonable efforts to provide those services before the court may terminate the
             2243      parent's rights under Subsection (1)(b), (c), (d), (e), (f), or (h).
             2244          (b) Notwithstanding Subsection (3)(a), the court is not required to make the finding
             2245      under Subsection (3)(a) before terminating a parent's rights:
             2246          (i) under Subsection (1)(b), if the court finds that the abuse or neglect occurred
             2247      subsequent to adjudication; or
             2248          (ii) if reasonable efforts to provide the services described in Subsection (3)(a) are not
             2249      required under federal law.
             2250          Section 43. Section 78-3a-408 is amended to read:
             2251           78-3a-408. Evidence of grounds for termination.
             2252          (1) In determining whether a parent or parents have abandoned a child, it is prima facie
             2253      evidence of abandonment that the parent or parents:
             2254          (a) although having legal custody of the child, have surrendered physical custody of the
             2255      child, and for a period of six months following the surrender have not manifested to the child or
             2256      to the person having the physical custody of the child a firm intention to resume physical
             2257      custody or to make arrangements for the care of the child;
             2258          (b) have failed to communicate with the child by mail, telephone, or otherwise for six
             2259      months;
             2260          (c) failed to have shown the normal interest of a natural parent, without just cause; or
             2261          (d) have abandoned an infant, as described in Subsection 78-3a-313.5 (1).
             2262          (2) In determining whether a parent or parents are unfit or have neglected a child the
             2263      court shall consider, but is not limited to, the following circumstances, conduct, or conditions:
             2264          (a) emotional illness, mental illness, or mental deficiency of the parent that renders the
             2265      parent unable to care for the immediate and continuing physical or emotional needs of the child
             2266      for extended periods of time;
             2267          (b) conduct toward a child of a physically, emotionally, or sexually cruel or abusive
             2268      nature;
             2269          (c) habitual or excessive use of intoxicating liquors, controlled substances, or dangerous


             2270      drugs that render the parent unable to care for the child;
             2271          (d) repeated or continuous failure to provide the child with adequate food, clothing,
             2272      shelter, education, or other care necessary for the child's physical, mental, and emotional health
             2273      and development by a parent or parents who are capable of providing that care;
             2274          (e) with regard to a child who is in the custody of the division, if the parent is
             2275      incarcerated as a result of conviction of a felony, and the sentence is of such length that the
             2276      child will be deprived of a normal home for more than one year; or
             2277          (f) a history of violent behavior.
             2278          (3) A parent who, legitimately practicing the parent's religious beliefs, does not provide
             2279      specified medical treatment for a child is not, for that reason alone, a negligent or unfit parent.
             2280          (4) (a) Notwithstanding Subsection (2), a parent may not be considered neglectful or
             2281      unfit because of a health care decision made for a child by the child's parent unless the state or
             2282      other party to the proceeding shows, by clear and convincing evidence, that the health care
             2283      decision is not reasonable and informed.
             2284          (b) Nothing in Subsection (4)(a) may prohibit a parent from exercising the right to
             2285      obtain a second health care opinion.
             2286          (5) If a child has been placed in the custody of the division and the parent or parents fail
             2287      to comply substantially with the terms and conditions of a plan within six months after the date
             2288      on which the child was placed or the plan was commenced, whichever occurs later, that failure
             2289      to comply is evidence of failure of parental adjustment.
             2290          (6) The following circumstances constitute prima facie evidence of unfitness:
             2291          (a) sexual abuse, sexual exploitation, injury, or death of a sibling of the child, or of any
             2292      child, due to known or substantiated abuse or neglect by the parent or parents;
             2293          (b) conviction of a crime, if the facts surrounding the crime are of such a nature as to
             2294      indicate the unfitness of the parent to provide adequate care to the extent necessary for the
             2295      child's physical, mental, or emotional health and development;
             2296          (c) a single incident of life-threatening or gravely disabling injury to or disfigurement of
             2297      the child; or


             2298          (d) the parent has committed, aided, abetted, attempted, conspired, or solicited to
             2299      commit murder or manslaughter of a child or child abuse homicide.
             2300          Section 44. Section 78-3a-801 is amended to read:
             2301           78-3a-801. Jurisdiction over adults for offenses against minors -- Proof of
             2302      delinquency not required for conviction.
             2303          (1) The court shall have jurisdiction, concurrent with the district court or justice court
             2304      otherwise having subject matter jurisdiction, to try adults for the following offenses committed
             2305      against minors:
             2306          (a) unlawful sale or supply of alcohol beverage or product to minors in violation of
             2307      Section 32A-12-203 ;
             2308          (b) failure to report [child] abuse or neglect, as required by Title 62A, Chapter 4a, Part
             2309      4, Child Abuse or Neglect Reporting Requirements;
             2310          (c) harboring a minor in violation of Section 62A-4a-501 ;
             2311          (d) misdemeanor custodial interference in violation of Section 76-5-303 ;
             2312          (e) contributing to the delinquency of a minor in violation of Section 76-10-2301 ; and
             2313          (f) failure to comply with compulsory education requirements in violation of Section
             2314      53A-11-101.5 .
             2315          (2) It is not necessary for the minor to be found to be delinquent or to have committed
             2316      a delinquent act for the court to exercise jurisdiction under Subsection (1).
             2317          Section 45. Coordinating H.B. 31 with H.B. 78 -- Technical Amendments.
             2318          If this H.B. 31 and H.B. 78, Title 78 Recodification and Revision, both pass, it is the
             2319      intent of the Legislature that the Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel shall
             2320      prepare the Utah Code database for publication as follows:
             2321          (1) in Section 62A-4a-101 of H.B. 31, change all references from "78-3a-103" to
             2322      "78A-6-105";
             2323          (2) amend Subsection 62A-4a-802 (1)(b) to read as follows:
             2324          "(b) Safe relinquishment of a newborn child who has not otherwise been subject to
             2325      abuse or neglect shall not, in and of itself, constitute neglect as defined in Section [ 62A-4a-101 ]


             2326      78A-6-105 , and the child shall not be considered a neglected child, as defined in Section
             2327      [ 78-3a-103 ] 78A-6-105 , so long as the relinquishment is carried out in substantial compliance
             2328      with the provisions of this part.";
             2329          (3) change the reference in Subsection 76-7-304 (1)(a) from "62A-4a-101" to
             2330      "78A-6-105";
             2331          (4) not make the changes to Section 78-3a-103 in H.B. 31, and amend Section
             2332      78A-6-105 in H.B. 78, to read as follows:
             2333          "[(1)] As used in this chapter:
             2334          [(a) "Abused child" includes a child who:]
             2335          [(i) has suffered or been threatened with nonaccidental physical or mental harm,
             2336      negligent treatment, or sexual exploitation; or]
             2337          [(ii) has been the victim of any sexual abuse.]
             2338          (1) (a) "Abuse" means:
             2339          (i) nonaccidental harm of a child;
             2340          (ii) threatened harm of a child;
             2341          (iii) sexual exploitation; or
             2342          (iv) sexual abuse.
             2343          (b) "Abuse" does not include:
             2344          (i) reasonable discipline or management of a child, including withholding privileges;
             2345          (ii) conduct described in Section 76-2-401 ; or
             2346          (iii) the use of reasonable and necessary physical restraint or force on a child:
             2347          (A) in self-defense;
             2348          (B) in defense of others;
             2349          (C) to protect the child; or
             2350          (D) to remove a weapon in the possession of a child for any of the reasons described in
             2351      Subsections (1)(b)(iii)(A) through (C).
             2352          (2) "Abused child" means a child who has been subjected to abuse.
             2353          [(b)] (3) "Adjudication" means a finding by the court, incorporated in a decree, that the


             2354      facts alleged in the petition have been proved.
             2355          [(c)] (4) "Adult" means a person 18 years of age or over, except that a person 18 years
             2356      or over under the continuing jurisdiction of the juvenile court pursuant to Section [ 78-3a-121]
             2357      78A-6-120 shall be referred to as a minor.
             2358          [(d)] (5) "Board" means the Board of Juvenile Court Judges.
             2359          [(e)] (6) "Child" means a person under 18 years of age.
             2360          [(f)] (7) "Child placement agency" means:
             2361          [(i)] (a) a private agency licensed to receive a child for placement or adoption under this
             2362      code; or
             2363          [(ii)] (b) a private agency that receives a child for placement or adoption in another
             2364      state, which agency is licensed or approved where such license or approval is required by law.
             2365          [(g)] (8) "Clandestine laboratory operation" is as defined in Section 58-37d-3 .
             2366          [(h)] (9) "Commit" means, unless specified otherwise:
             2367          [(i)] (a) with respect to a child, to transfer legal custody; and
             2368          [(ii)] (b) with respect to a minor who is at least 18 years of age, to transfer custody.
             2369          [(i)] (10) "Court" means the juvenile court.
             2370          [(j)] (11) "Dependent child" includes a child who is homeless or without proper care
             2371      through no fault of the child's parent, guardian, or custodian.
             2372          [(k)] (12) "Deprivation of custody" means transfer of legal custody by the court from a
             2373      parent or the parents or a previous legal custodian to another person, agency, or institution.
             2374          [(l)] (13) "Detention" means home detention and secure detention as defined in Section
             2375      62A-7-101 for the temporary care of a minor who requires secure custody in a physically
             2376      restricting facility:
             2377          [(i)] (a) pending court disposition or transfer to another jurisdiction; or
             2378          [(ii)] (b) while under the continuing jurisdiction of the court.
             2379          [(m)] (14) "Division" means the Division of Child and Family Services.
             2380          [(n)] (15) "Formal referral" means a written report from a peace officer or other person
             2381      informing the court that a minor is or appears to be within the court's jurisdiction and that a


             2382      petition may be filed.
             2383          [(o)] (16) "Group rehabilitation therapy" means psychological and social counseling of
             2384      one or more persons in the group, depending upon the recommendation of the therapist.
             2385          [(p)] (17) "Guardianship of the person" includes the authority to consent to:
             2386          [(i)] (a) marriage;
             2387          [(ii)] (b) enlistment in the armed forces;
             2388          [(iii)] (c) major medical, surgical, or psychiatric treatment; or
             2389          [(iv)] (d) legal custody, if legal custody is not vested in another person, agency, or
             2390      institution.
             2391          [(q)] (18) "Habitual truant" is as defined in Section 53A-11-101 .
             2392          (19) "Harm" means:
             2393          (a) physical, emotional, or developmental injury or damage;
             2394          (b) sexual abuse; or
             2395          (c) sexual exploitation.
             2396          (20) (a) "Incest" means engaging in sexual intercourse with a person whom the
             2397      perpetrator knows to be the perpetrator's ancestor, descendant, brother, sister, uncle, aunt,
             2398      nephew, niece, or first cousin.
             2399          (b) The relationships described in Subsection (20)(a) include:
             2400          (i) blood relationships of the whole or half blood, without regard to legitimacy;
             2401          (ii) relationships of parent and child by adoption; and
             2402          (iii) relationships of stepparent and stepchild while the marriage creating the relationship
             2403      of a stepparent and stepchild exists.
             2404          [(r)] (21) "Legal custody" means a relationship embodying the following rights and
             2405      duties:
             2406          [(i)] (a) the right to physical custody of the minor;
             2407          [(ii)] (b) the right and duty to protect, train, and discipline the minor;
             2408          [(iii)] (c) the duty to provide the minor with food, clothing, shelter, education, and
             2409      ordinary medical care;


             2410          [(iv)] (d) the right to determine where and with whom the minor shall live; and
             2411          [(v)] (e) the right, in an emergency, to authorize surgery or other extraordinary care.
             2412          [(s)] (22) "Minor" means:
             2413          [(i)] (a) a child; or
             2414          [(ii)] (b) a person who is:
             2415          [(A)] (i) at least 18 years of age and younger than 21 years of age; and
             2416          [(B)] (ii) under the jurisdiction of the juvenile court.
             2417          (23) "Molestation" means that a person, with the intent to arouse or gratify the sexual
             2418      desire of any person:
             2419          (a) touches the anus or any part of the genitals of a child;
             2420          (b) takes indecent liberties with a child; or
             2421          (c) causes a child to take indecent liberties with the perpetrator or another.
             2422          [(t)] (24) "Natural parent" means a minor's biological or adoptive parent, and includes
             2423      the minor's noncustodial parent.
             2424          [(u) (i) "Neglected child" means a child:]
             2425          [(A) whose parent, guardian, or custodian has abandoned the child, except as provided
             2426      in Title 62A, Chapter 4a, Part 8, Safe Relinquishment of a Newborn Child;]
             2427          [(B) whose parent, guardian, or custodian has subjected the child to mistreatment or
             2428      abuse;]
             2429          [(C) who lacks proper parental care by reason of the fault or habits of the parent,
             2430      guardian, or custodian;]
             2431          [(D) whose parent, guardian, or custodian fails or refuses to provide proper or
             2432      necessary subsistence, education, or medical care, including surgery or psychiatric services
             2433      when required, or any other care necessary for health, safety, morals, or well-being;]
             2434          [(E) who is at risk of being a neglected or abused child as defined in this chapter
             2435      because another child in the same home is a neglected or abused child as defined in this chapter;
             2436      or]
             2437          [(F) whose parent permits the minor to reside, on a permanent or temporary basis, at


             2438      the location of a clandestine laboratory operation.]
             2439          [(ii) The aspect of neglect related to education, described in Subsection (1)(u)(i)(D),
             2440      means that, after receiving notice that a child has been frequently absent from school without
             2441      good cause, or that the child has failed to cooperate with school authorities in a reasonable
             2442      manner, a parent or guardian fails to make a good faith effort to ensure that the child receives
             2443      an appropriate education.]
             2444          [(iii) A parent or guardian legitimately practicing religious beliefs and who, for that
             2445      reason, does not provide specified medical treatment for a child, is not guilty of neglect.]
             2446          [(iv) Notwithstanding Subsection (1)(u)(i), a health care decision made for a child by
             2447      the child's parent or guardian does not constitute neglect unless the state or other party to the
             2448      proceeding shows, by clear and convincing evidence, that the health care decision is not
             2449      reasonable and informed.]
             2450          [(v) Nothing in Subsection (1)(u)(iv) may prohibit a parent or guardian from exercising
             2451      the right to obtain a second health care opinion.]
             2452          (25) (a) "Neglect" means:
             2453          (i) abandonment of a child, except as provided in Title 62A, Chapter 4a, Part 8, Safe
             2454      Relinquishment of a Newborn Child;
             2455          (ii) lack of proper parental care of a child by reason of the fault or habits of the parent,
             2456      guardian, or custodian;
             2457          (iii) failure or refusal of a parent, guardian, or custodian to provide proper or necessary
             2458      subsistence, education, or medical care, or any other care necessary for the child's health, safety,
             2459      morals, or well-being; or
             2460          (iv) a child at risk of being neglected or abused because another child in the same home
             2461      is neglected or abused.
             2462          (b) The aspect of neglect relating to education, described in Subsection (25)(a)(iii),
             2463      means that, after receiving a notice of compulsory education violation under Section
             2464      53A-11-101.5 , or notice that a parent or guardian has failed to cooperate with school
             2465      authorities in a reasonable manner as required under Subsection 53A-11-101.7 (5)(a), the parent


             2466      or guardian fails to make a good faith effort to ensure that the child receives an appropriate
             2467      education.
             2468          (c) A parent or guardian legitimately practicing religious beliefs and who, for that
             2469      reason, does not provide specified medical treatment for a child, is not guilty of neglect.
             2470          (d) (i) Notwithstanding Subsection (25)(a), a health care decision made for a child by
             2471      the child's parent or guardian does not constitute neglect unless the state or other party to the
             2472      proceeding shows, by clear and convincing evidence, that the health care decision is not
             2473      reasonable and informed.
             2474          (ii) Nothing in Subsection (25)(d)(i) may prohibit a parent or guardian from exercising
             2475      the right to obtain a second health care opinion.
             2476          (26) "Neglected child" means a child who has been subjected to neglect.
             2477          [(v)] (27) "Nonjudicial adjustment" means closure of the case by the assigned probation
             2478      officer without judicial determination upon the consent in writing of:
             2479          [(i)] (a) the assigned probation officer; and
             2480          [(ii) (A)] (b) (i) the minor; or
             2481          [(B)] (ii) the minor and the minor's parent, legal guardian, or custodian.
             2482          (28) "Physical abuse" means abuse that results in physical injury or damage to a child.
             2483          [(w)] (29) "Probation" means a legal status created by court order following an
             2484      adjudication on the ground of a violation of law or under Section [ 78-3a-104 ] 78A-6-103 ,
             2485      whereby the minor is permitted to remain in the minor's home under prescribed conditions and
             2486      under supervision by the probation department or other agency designated by the court, subject
             2487      to return to the court for violation of any of the conditions prescribed.
             2488          [(x)] (30) "Protective supervision" means a legal status created by court order following
             2489      an adjudication on the ground of abuse, neglect, or dependency, whereby the minor is permitted
             2490      to remain in the minor's home, and supervision and assistance to correct the abuse, neglect, or
             2491      dependency is provided by the probation department or other agency designated by the court.
             2492          [(y) (i)] (31) (a) "Residual parental rights and duties" means those rights and duties
             2493      remaining with the parent after legal custody or guardianship, or both, have been vested in


             2494      another person or agency, including:
             2495          [(A)] (i) the responsibility for support;
             2496          [(B)] (ii) the right to consent to adoption;
             2497          [(C)] (iii) the right to determine the child's religious affiliation; and
             2498          [(D)] (iv) the right to reasonable parent-time unless restricted by the court.
             2499          [(ii)] (b) If no guardian has been appointed, "residual parental rights and duties" also
             2500      include the right to consent to:
             2501          [(A)] (i) marriage;
             2502          [(B)] (ii) enlistment; and
             2503          [(C)] (iii) major medical, surgical, or psychiatric treatment.
             2504          [(z)] (32) "Secure facility" means any facility operated by or under contract with the
             2505      Division of Juvenile Justice Services, that provides 24-hour supervision and confinement for
             2506      youth offenders committed to the division for custody and rehabilitation.
             2507          (33) "Severe abuse" means abuse that causes or threatens to cause serious harm to a
             2508      child.
             2509          (34) "Severe neglect" means neglect that causes or threatens to cause serious harm to a
             2510      child.
             2511          (35) "Sexual abuse" means:
             2512          (a) an act or attempted act of sexual intercourse, sodomy, incest, or molestation
             2513      directed towards a child; or
             2514          (b) engaging in any conduct with a child that would constitute an offense under any of
             2515      the following, regardless of whether the person who engages in the conduct is actually charged
             2516      with, or convicted of, the offense:
             2517          (i) Title 76, Chapter 5, Part 4, Sexual Offenses;
             2518          (ii) child bigamy, Section 76-7-101.5 ;
             2519          (iii) incest, Section 76-7-102 ;
             2520          (iv) lewdness or sexual battery, Section 76-9-702 ;
             2521          (v) lewdness involving a child, Section 76-9-702.5 ; or


             2522          (vi) voyeurism, Section 76-9-702.7 .
             2523          (36) "Sexual exploitation" means knowingly:
             2524          (a) employing, using, persuading, inducing, enticing, or coercing any child to:
             2525          (i) pose in the nude for the purpose of sexual arousal of any person; or
             2526          (ii) engage in any sexual or simulated sexual conduct for the purpose of photographing,
             2527      filming, recording, or displaying in any way the sexual or simulated sexual conduct;
             2528          (b) displaying, distributing, possessing for the purpose of distribution, or selling material
             2529      depicting a child:
             2530          (i) in the nude, for the purpose of sexual arousal of any person; or
             2531          (ii) engaging in sexual or simulated sexual conduct; or
             2532          (c) engaging in any conduct that would constitute an offense under Title 76, Chapter
             2533      5a, Sexual Exploitation of Children, regardless of whether the person who engages in the
             2534      conduct is actually charged with, or convicted of, the offense.
             2535          [(aa)] (37) "Shelter" means the temporary care of a child in a physically unrestricted
             2536      facility pending court disposition or transfer to another jurisdiction.
             2537          [(bb)] (38) "State supervision" means a disposition that provides a more intensive level
             2538      of intervention than standard probation but is less intensive or restrictive than a community
             2539      placement with the Division of Juvenile Justice Services.
             2540          (39) "Substance abuse" means the misuse or excessive use of alcohol or other drugs or
             2541      substances.
             2542          [(cc)] (40) "Substantiated" is as defined in Section 62A-4a-101 .
             2543          [(dd)] (41) "Supported" is as defined in Section 62A-4a-101 .
             2544          [(ee)] (42) "Termination of parental rights" means the permanent elimination of all
             2545      parental rights and duties, including residual parental rights and duties, by court order.
             2546          [(ff)] (43) "Therapist" means:
             2547          [(i)] (a) a person employed by a state division or agency for the purpose of conducting
             2548      psychological treatment and counseling of a minor in its custody; or
             2549          [(ii)] (b) any other person licensed or approved by the state for the purpose of


             2550      conducting psychological treatment and counseling.
             2551          [(gg)] (44) "Unsubstantiated" is as defined in Section 62A-4a-101 .
             2552          [(hh)] (45) "Without merit" is as defined in Section 62A-4a-101 .
             2553          [(2) As used in Part 3, Abuse, Neglect, and Dependency Proceedings, with regard to
             2554      the Division of Child and Family Services:]
             2555          [(a) "Custody" means the custody of a minor in the Division of Child and Family
             2556      Services as of the date of disposition.]
             2557          [(b) "Protective custody" means the shelter of a child by the Division of Child and
             2558      Family Services from the time the child is removed from home until the earlier of:]
             2559          [(i) the shelter hearing; or]
             2560          [(ii) the child's return home.]
             2561          [(c) "Temporary custody" means the custody of a child in the Division of Child and
             2562      Family Services from the date of the shelter hearing until disposition.]";
             2563          (5) amend Subsection 78A-6-306 (13) in H.B. 78 to read as follows:
             2564          "(13) The court may not order continued removal of a child solely on the basis of
             2565      educational neglect as described in Subsection [ 78-3a-103 (1)(u)(ii)] 78A-6-105 (25)(a)(iii).";
             2566          (6) amend Subsection 78-3a-306 (13) in H.B. 31 to read as follows:
             2567          "(13) The court may not order continued removal of a child solely on the basis of
             2568      educational neglect as described in Subsection [78-3a-103 (1)(u)(ii)] 78A-6-105 (25)(a)(iii).";
             2569          (7) merge the changes in Subsections 78-3a-301 (1)(c) and (2)(b) of H.B. 31 into
             2570      Subsections 78A-6-302 (1)(c) and (2)(b) of H.B. 78;
             2571          (8) merge the changes in Subsections 78-3a-306 (9)(a)(iv), (9)(b)(ii), and (12) of H.B.
             2572      31 into Subsections 78A-6-306 (9)(a)(iv), (9)(b)(ii), and (12) of H.B. 78;
             2573          (9) merge the changes in Subsections 78-3a-307.1 (3)(b) and (3)(c) of H.B. 31 into
             2574      Subsections 78A-6-308 (3)(b) and (3)(c) of H.B. 78;
             2575          (10) merge the changes in Subsections 78-3a-311 (2)(a)(iii)(A) and (3)(d)(i)(C) of H.B.
             2576      31 into Subsections 78A-6-312 (2)(a)(iii)(A) and (3)(d)(i)(C) of H.B. 78;
             2577          (11) merge the changes in Subsection 78-3a-314 (5) of H.B. 31 into Subsection


             2578      78A-6-317 (5) of H.B. 78;
             2579          (12) merge the changes in Subsection 78-3a-318 (1) of H.B. 31 into Subsection
             2580      78A-6-321 (1) of H.B. 78;
             2581          (13) merge the changes in Subsection 78-3a-403 (3) of H.B. 31 into Subsection
             2582      78A-6-502 (3) of H.B. 78;
             2583          (14) merge the changes in Subsection 78-3a-407 (1)(f)(iii) of H.B. 31 into Subsection
             2584      78A-6-507 (1)(f)(iii) of H.B. 78;
             2585          (15) merge the changes in Subsection 78-3a-408 (6)(a) of H.B. 31 into Subsection
             2586      78A-6-508 (6)(a) of H.B. 78; and
             2587          (16) merge the changes in Subsection 78-3a-801 (1)(b) of H.B. 31 into Subsection
             2588      78A-6-1001 (1)(b) of H.B. 78.


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