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[Introduced][Status][Bill Documents][Fiscal Note] [Bills Directory]

H.B. 36 Enrolled

             1     

CHILD WELFARE AMENDMENTS

             2     
2008 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Chief Sponsor: Wayne A. Harper

             5     
Senate Sponsor: Margaret Dayton

             6     
             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill amends background check and child placement provisions in the Utah Human
             10      Services Code and the Juvenile Court Act of 1996.
             11      Highlighted Provisions:
             12          This bill:
             13          .    defines terms;
             14          .    provides that the requirement that a child in state custody may not be placed with a
             15      prospective foster or adoptive parent until the Department of Human Services
             16      conducts a comprehensive background check, does not prohibit the Division of Child
             17      and Family Services or a court placing the child with a noncustodial parent, or with a
             18      relative, pending further investigation of the appropriateness of the placement;
             19          .    provides exceptions to certain background check requirements if the exceptions are
             20      permitted by federal law or rule;
             21          .    modifies background check requirements for prospective foster or adoptive
             22      placements;
             23          .    clarifies the rulemaking authority of the Office of Licensing, within the Department
             24      of Human Services;
             25          .    provides that priority shall be given for placing a child with a noncustodial parent,
             26      relative, or friend, over placing the child in a shelter;
             27          .    modifies provisions relating to the placement and custody of a child who has been
             28      removed from the custody of the child's parents;
             29          .    provides that, in order to be considered a "willing relative or friend" for purposes of


             30      determining placement of a child following a shelter care hearing, the friend or relative must be
             31      willing to cooperate with the child's permanency goal;
             32          .    describes the limited background check or investigation that must be completed
             33      before a child in state custody is placed with a noncustodial parent or relative; and
             34          .    makes technical changes.
             35      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             36          None
             37      Other Special Clauses:
             38          This bill provides an immediate effective date.
             39      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             40      AMENDS:
             41          62A-2-120, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 152
             42          62A-4a-202.1, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 169
             43          62A-4a-206, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2002, Chapter 306
             44          62A-4a-209, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 169
             45          62A-5-103.5, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 152
             46          78A-6-306, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             47          78A-6-307, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             48          78A-6-308, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             49          78A-6-318, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             50          78B-6-113, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             51          78B-6-131, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             52      ENACTS:
             53          78A-6-307.5, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             54     
             55      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             56          Section 1. Section 62A-2-120 is amended to read:
             57           62A-2-120. Criminal background checks -- Direct access to children or


             58      vulnerable adults.
             59          (1) (a) Except as provided in Subsection (7), an applicant for an initial license or a
             60      license renewal under this chapter shall submit to the office the names and other identifying
             61      information, which may include fingerprints, of all persons associated with the licensee, as
             62      defined in Section 62A-2-101 , with direct access to children or vulnerable adults.
             63          (b) The Criminal Investigations and Technical Services Division of the Department of
             64      Public Safety, or the office as authorized under Section 53-10-108 , shall process the information
             65      described in Subsection (1)(a) to determine whether the individual has been convicted of any
             66      crime.
             67          (c) Except as provided in Subsection (1)(d), if an individual has not continuously lived
             68      in Utah for the five years immediately preceding the day on which the information referred to in
             69      Subsection (1)(a) is submitted to the office, the individual shall submit fingerprints for a FBI
             70      national criminal history record check. The fingerprints shall be submitted to the FBI through
             71      the Criminal Investigations and Technical Services Division.
             72          (d) An individual is not required to comply with Subsection (1)(c) if:
             73          (i) the individual continuously lived in Utah for the five years immediately preceding the
             74      day on which the information described in Subsection (1)(a) is submitted to the office, except
             75      for time spent outside of the United States and its territories; and
             76          (ii) the background check of the individual is being conducted for a purpose other than
             77      a purpose described in Subsection (1)(f).
             78          (e) If an applicant described in Subsection (1)(a) spent time outside of the United States
             79      and its territories during the five years immediately preceding the day on which the information
             80      described in Subsection (1)(a) is submitted to the office, the office shall require the applicant to
             81      submit documentation establishing whether the applicant was convicted of a crime during the
             82      time that the applicant spent outside of the United States and its territories.
             83          (f) Notwithstanding [any other provision of this Subsection (1)] Subsections (1)(a)
             84      through (e), and except as provided in Subsection (1)(h), an applicant described in Subsection
             85      (1)(a) shall submit fingerprints for an FBI national criminal history records check, through the


             86      Criminal Investigations and Technical Services Division, if the background check of the
             87      applicant is being conducted for the purpose of:
             88          (i) licensing a prospective foster home; or
             89          (ii) approving a prospective adoptive placement of a child in state custody.
             90          (g) [In] Except as provided in Subsection (1)(h), in addition to the other requirements
             91      of this section, if the background check of an applicant described in Subsection (1)(a) is being
             92      conducted for the purpose of licensing a prospective foster home or approving a prospective
             93      adoptive placement of a child in state custody, the office shall:
             94          (i) check the child abuse and neglect registry in each state where each prospective foster
             95      parent or prospective adoptive parent resided in the five years immediately preceding the day on
             96      which the prospective foster parent or prospective adoptive parent applied to be a foster parent
             97      or adoptive parent, to determine whether the prospective foster parent or prospective adoptive
             98      parent is listed in the registry as having a substantiated or supported finding of child abuse or
             99      neglect; and
             100          (ii) check the child abuse and neglect registry in each state where each adult living in the
             101      home of the prospective foster parent or prospective adoptive parent described in Subsection
             102      (1)(g)(i) resided in the five years immediately preceding the day on which the prospective foster
             103      parent or prospective adoptive parent applied to be a foster parent or adoptive parent, to
             104      determine whether the adult is listed in the registry as having a substantiated or supported
             105      finding of child abuse or neglect.
             106          (h) The requirements under Subsections (1)(f) and (g) do not apply to the extent that:
             107          (i) federal law or rule permits otherwise; or
             108          (ii) the requirements would prohibit the Division of Child and Family Services or a
             109      court from placing a child with:
             110          (A) a noncustodial parent under Section 62A-4a-209 , 78A-6-307 , or 78A-6-307.5 ; or
             111          (B) a relative, other than a noncustodial parent, under Section 62A-4a-209 , 78A-6-307 ,
             112      or 78A-6-307.5 , pending completion of the background check described in Subsections (1)(f)
             113      and (g).


             114          [(h)] (i) The office shall make rules, in accordance with Title 63, Chapter 46a, Utah
             115      Administrative Rulemaking Act, to implement the provisions of this Subsection (1) relating to
             116      background checks.
             117          (2) The office shall approve a person for whom identifying information is submitted
             118      under Subsection (1) to have direct access to children or vulnerable adults in the licensee
             119      program if:
             120          (a) (i) the person is found to have no criminal history record; or
             121          (ii) (A) the only convictions in the person's criminal history record are misdemeanors or
             122      infractions not involving any of the offenses described in Subsection (3); and
             123          (B) the date of the last conviction under Subsection (2)(a)(ii)(A) is more than five years
             124      before the date of the search;
             125          (b) the person is not listed in the statewide database of the Division of Aging and Adult
             126      Services created by Section 62A-3-311.1 ;
             127          (c) juvenile court records do not show that a court made a substantiated finding, under
             128      Section [ 78-3a-320 ] 78A-6-323 , that the person committed a severe type of child abuse or
             129      neglect;
             130          (d) the person is not listed in the Licensing Information System of the Division of Child
             131      and Family Services created by Section 62A-4a-1006 ;
             132          (e) the person has not pled guilty or no contest to a pending charge for any:
             133          (i) felony;
             134          (ii) misdemeanor listed in Subsection (3); or
             135          (iii) infraction listed in Subsection (3); and
             136          (f) for a person described in Subsection (1)(g), the registry check described in
             137      Subsection (1)(g) does not indicate that the person is listed in a child abuse and neglect registry
             138      of another state as having a substantiated or supported finding of a severe type of child abuse or
             139      neglect as defined in Section 62A-4a-1002 .
             140          (3) Except as provided in Subsection (8), unless at least ten years have passed since the
             141      date of conviction, the office may not approve a person to have direct access to children or


             142      vulnerable adults in the licensee's human services program if that person has been convicted of
             143      an offense, whether a felony, misdemeanor, or infraction, that is:
             144          (a) identified as a sexual offense, domestic violence, lewdness, assault, or battery;
             145          (b) a violation of any pornography law, including sexual exploitation of a minor;
             146          (c) prostitution;
             147          (d) included in:
             148          (i) Title 76, Chapter 5, Offenses Against the Person;
             149          (ii) Title 76, Chapter 5a, Sexual Exploitation of Children; or
             150          (iii) Title 76, Chapter 7, Offenses Against the Family;
             151          (e) a violation of Section 76-6-103 , aggravated arson;
             152          (f) a violation of Section 76-6-203 , aggravated burglary;
             153          (g) a violation of Section 76-6-302 , aggravated robbery; or
             154          (h) a conviction for an offense committed outside of the state that, if committed in the
             155      state, would constitute a violation of an offense described in Subsections (3)(d) through (g).
             156          (4) (a) Except as provided in Subsection (8), if a person for whom identifying
             157      information is submitted under Subsection (1) is not approved by the office under Subsection
             158      (2) or (3) to have direct access to children or vulnerable adults in the licensee program, the
             159      office shall conduct a comprehensive review of criminal and court records and related
             160      circumstances if the reason the approval is not granted is due solely to one or more of the
             161      following:
             162          (i) a conviction for:
             163          (A) any felony not listed in Subsection (3);
             164          (B) any misdemeanor or infraction, not listed in Subsection (3), within five years of the
             165      date of the search;
             166          (C) a protective order or ex parte protective order violation under Section 76-5-108 or
             167      a similar statute in another state; or
             168          (D) any felony, misdemeanor, or infraction listed in Subsection (3) if at least ten years
             169      have passed since the date of conviction;


             170          (ii) a plea of guilty or no contest to a pending:
             171          (A) felony;
             172          (B) misdemeanor listed in Subsection (3); or
             173          (C) infraction listed in Subsection (3);
             174          (iii) the person is listed in the statewide database of the Division of Aging and Adult
             175      Services created by Section 62A-3-311.1 ;
             176          (iv) juvenile court records show that a court made a substantiated finding, under
             177      Section [ 78-3a-320 ] 78A-6-323 , that the person committed a severe type of child abuse or
             178      neglect;
             179          (v) the person is listed in the Licensing Information System of the Division of Child and
             180      Family Services created by Section 62A-4a-1006 ; or
             181          (vi) the person is listed in a child abuse or neglect registry of another state as having a
             182      substantiated or supported finding of a severe type of child abuse or neglect as defined in
             183      Section 62A-4a-1002 .
             184          (b) The comprehensive review under Subsection (4)(a) shall include an examination of:
             185          (i) the date of the offense or incident;
             186          (ii) the nature and seriousness of the offense or incident;
             187          (iii) the circumstances under which the offense or incident occurred;
             188          (iv) the age of the perpetrator when the offense or incident occurred;
             189          (v) whether the offense or incident was an isolated or repeated incident;
             190          (vi) whether the offense or incident directly relates to abuse of a child or vulnerable
             191      adult, including:
             192          (A) actual or threatened, nonaccidental physical or mental harm;
             193          (B) sexual abuse;
             194          (C) sexual exploitation; and
             195          (D) negligent treatment;
             196          (vii) any evidence provided by the person of rehabilitation, counseling, or psychiatric
             197      treatment received, or additional academic or vocational schooling completed, by the person;


             198      and
             199          (viii) any other pertinent information.
             200          (c) At the conclusion of the comprehensive review under Subsection (4)(a), the office
             201      shall approve the person who is the subject of the review to have direct access to children or
             202      vulnerable adults, unless it finds that approval will likely create a risk of harm to a child or
             203      vulnerable adult.
             204          (d) In accordance with Title 63, Chapter 46a, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act, the
             205      office may make rules, consistent with this chapter, defining procedures for the comprehensive
             206      review described in this Subsection (4).
             207          (5) (a) For purposes of this Subsection (5), "directly supervised" means that the person
             208      being supervised is under the uninterrupted visual and auditory surveillance of the person doing
             209      the supervising.
             210          (b) A licensee may not permit any person to have direct access to a child or a vulnerable
             211      adult unless, subject to Subsection (5)(c), that person is:
             212          (i) associated with the licensee and:
             213          (A) approved by the office to have direct access to children or vulnerable adults under
             214      this section; or
             215          (B) (I) the office has not determined whether to approve that person to have direct
             216      access to children or vulnerable adults;
             217          (II) the information described in Subsection (1)(a), relating to that person, is submitted
             218      to the department; and
             219          (III) that person is directly supervised by a person associated with the licensee who is
             220      approved by the office to have direct access to children or vulnerable adults under this section;
             221          (ii) (A) not associated with the licensee; and
             222          (B) directly supervised by a person associated with the licensee who is approved by the
             223      office to have direct access to children or vulnerable adults under this section;
             224          (iii) the parent or guardian of the child or vulnerable adult; or
             225          (iv) a person approved by the parent or guardian of the child or vulnerable adult to have


             226      direct access to the child or vulnerable adult.
             227          (c) Notwithstanding Subsection (5)(b), a person may not have direct access to a child
             228      or a vulnerable adult if that person is prohibited by court order from having that access.
             229          (6) (a) Within 30 days after receiving the identifying information for a person under
             230      Subsection (1), the office shall give written notice to the person and to the licensee or applicant
             231      with whom the person is associated of:
             232          (i) the office's decision regarding its background screening clearance and findings; and
             233          (ii) a list of any convictions found in the search.
             234          (b) With the notice described in Subsection (6)(a), the office shall also give to the
             235      person the details of any comprehensive review conducted under Subsection (4).
             236          (c) If the notice under Subsection (6)(a) states that the person is not approved to have
             237      direct access to children or vulnerable adults, the notice shall further advise the persons to
             238      whom the notice is given that either the person or the licensee or applicant with whom the
             239      person is associated, or both, may, under Subsection 62A-2-111 (2), request a hearing in the
             240      department's Office of Administrative Hearings, to challenge the office's decision.
             241          (d) In accordance with Title 63, Chapter 46a, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act, the
             242      office shall make rules, consistent with this chapter:
             243          (i) defining procedures for the challenge of its background screening decision described
             244      in this Subsection (6); and
             245          (ii) expediting the process for renewal of a license under the requirements of this section
             246      and other applicable sections.
             247          (7) Notwithstanding Subsection (1)(a), this section does not apply to an applicant for an
             248      initial license, or license renewal, to operate a substance abuse program that provides services to
             249      adults only.
             250          (8) (a) Notwithstanding Subsections (2) through (4), the office may not approve or
             251      license a person as a prospective foster parent or a prospective adoptive parent if the person has
             252      been convicted of:
             253          (i) a felony involving conduct that constitutes any of the following:


             254          (A) child abuse, as described in Section 76-5-109 ;
             255          (B) commission of domestic violence in the presence of a child, as described in Section
             256      76-5-109.1 ;
             257          (C) abuse or neglect of a disabled child, as described in Section 76-5-110 ;
             258          (D) endangerment of a child, as described in Section 76-5-112.5 ;
             259          (E) aggravated murder, as described in Section 76-5-202 ;
             260          (F) murder, as described in Section 76-5-203 ;
             261          (G) manslaughter, as described in Section 76-5-205 ;
             262          (H) child abuse homicide, as described in Section 76-5-208 ;
             263          (I) homicide by assault, as described in Section 76-5-209 ;
             264          (J) kidnapping, as described in Section 76-5-301 ;
             265          (K) child kidnapping, as described in Section 76-5-301.1 ;
             266          (L) aggravated kidnapping, as described in Section 76-5-302 ;
             267          (M) an offense described in Title 76, Chapter 5, Part 4, Sexual Offenses;
             268          (N) an offense described in Title 76, Chapter 5a, Sexual Exploitation of Children;
             269          (O) aggravated arson, as described in Section 76-6-103 ;
             270          (P) aggravated burglary, as described in Section 76-6-203 ;
             271          (Q) aggravated robbery, as described in Section 76-6-302 ; or
             272          (R) domestic violence, as described in Section 77-36-1 ; or
             273          (ii) an offense committed outside the state that, if committed in the state, would
             274      constitute a violation of an offense described in Subsection (8)(a)(i).
             275          (b) Notwithstanding Subsections (2) through (4), the office may not approve or license
             276      a person as a prospective foster parent or a prospective adoptive parent if, within the five years
             277      immediately preceding the day on which the person would otherwise be approved or licensed,
             278      the person has been convicted of a felony involving conduct that constitutes any of the
             279      following:
             280          (i) aggravated assault, as described in Section 76-5-103 ;
             281          (ii) aggravated assault by a prisoner, as described in Section 76-5-103.5 ;


             282          (iii) mayhem, as described in Section 76-5-105 ;
             283          (iv) an offense described in Title 58, Chapter 37, Utah Controlled Substances Act;
             284          (v) an offense described in Title 58, Chapter 37a, Utah Drug Paraphernalia Act;
             285          (vi) an offense described in Title 58, Chapter 37b, Imitation Controlled Substances Act;
             286          (vii) an offense described in Title 58, Chapter 37c, Utah Controlled Substance
             287      Precursor Act; or
             288          (viii) an offense described in Title 58, Chapter 37d, Clandestine Drug Lab Act.
             289          Section 2. Section 62A-4a-202.1 is amended to read:
             290           62A-4a-202.1. Entering home of a child -- Taking a child into protective custody
             291      -- Caseworker accompanied by peace officer -- Preventive services -- Shelter facility or
             292      emergency placement.
             293          (1) A peace officer or child welfare worker may not enter the home of a child who is
             294      not under the jurisdiction of the court, remove a child from the child's home or school, or take a
             295      child into protective custody unless authorized under Subsection [ 78-3a-106 ] 78A-6-106 (2).
             296          (2) A child welfare worker within the division may take action under Subsection (1)
             297      accompanied by a peace officer, or without a peace officer when a peace officer is not
             298      reasonably available.
             299          (3) (a) If possible, consistent with the child's safety and welfare, before taking a child
             300      into protective custody, the child welfare worker shall also determine whether there are services
             301      available that, if provided to a parent or guardian of the child, would eliminate the need to
             302      remove the child from the custody of the child's parent or guardian.
             303          (b) If the services described in Subsection (3)(a) are reasonably available, they shall be
             304      utilized.
             305          (c) In determining whether the services described in Subsection (3)(a) are reasonably
             306      available, and in making reasonable efforts to provide those services, the child's health, safety,
             307      and welfare shall be the child welfare worker's paramount concern.
             308          (4) (a) A child removed or taken into custody under this section may not be placed or
             309      kept in a secure detention facility pending court proceedings unless the child is detainable based


             310      on guidelines promulgated by the Division of Juvenile Justice Services.
             311          (b) A child removed from the custody of the child's parent or guardian but who does
             312      not require physical restriction shall be given temporary care in:
             313          (i) a shelter facility; or
             314          (ii) an emergency placement in accordance with Section 62A-4a-209 .
             315          (c) When making a placement under Subsection (4)(b), the Division of Child and Family
             316      Services shall give priority to a placement with a noncustodial parent, relative, or friend, in
             317      accordance with Section 62A-4a-209 .
             318          Section 3. Section 62A-4a-206 is amended to read:
             319           62A-4a-206. Process for removal of a child from foster family -- Procedural due
             320      process.
             321          (1) (a) The Legislature finds that, except with regard to a child's natural parent or legal
             322      guardian, a foster family has a very limited but recognized interest in its familial relationship
             323      with a foster child who has been in the care and custody of that family. In making
             324      determinations regarding removal of a child from a foster home, the division may not dismiss
             325      the foster family as a mere collection of unrelated individuals.
             326          (b) The Legislature finds that children in the temporary custody and custody of the
             327      division are experiencing multiple changes in foster care placements with little or no
             328      documentation, and that numerous studies of child growth and development emphasize the
             329      importance of stability in foster care living arrangements.
             330          (c) For the reasons described in Subsections (1)(a) and (b), the division shall provide
             331      procedural due process for a foster family prior to removal of a foster child from their home,
             332      regardless of the length of time the child has been in that home, unless removal is for the
             333      purpose of:
             334          (i) returning the child to the child's natural parent or legal guardian;
             335          (ii) immediately placing the child in an approved adoptive home;
             336          (iii) placing the child with a relative, as defined in Subsection [ 78-3a-307 (5)(d)]
             337      78A-6-307 (1)(b), who obtained custody or asserted an interest in the child within the preference


             338      period described in Subsection [ 78-3a-307 (8)] 78A-6-307 (18)(a); or
             339          (iv) placing an Indian child in accordance with preplacement preferences and other
             340      requirements described in the Indian Child Welfare Act, 25 U.S.C. Sec. 1915.
             341          (2) (a) The division shall maintain and utilize due process procedures for removal of a
             342      foster child from a foster home, in accordance with the procedures and requirements of Title 63,
             343      Chapter 46b, Administrative Procedures Act.
             344          (b) Those procedures shall include requirements for:
             345          (i) personal communication with and explanation to foster parents prior to removal of
             346      the child; and
             347          (ii) an opportunity for foster parents to present their information and concerns to the
             348      division and to request a review by a third party neutral fact finder prior to removal of the child.
             349          (c) If the division determines that there is a reasonable basis to believe that the child is
             350      in danger or that there is a substantial threat of danger to the health or welfare of the child, it
             351      shall place the child in emergency foster care during the pendency of the procedures described
             352      in this subsection, instead of making another foster care placement.
             353          (3) If the division removes a child from a foster home based upon the child's statement
             354      alone, the division shall initiate and expedite the processes described in Subsection (2). The
             355      division may take no formal action with regard to that foster parent's license until after those
             356      processes, in addition to any other procedure or hearing required by law, have been completed.
             357          (4) When a complaint is made to the division by a foster child against a foster parent,
             358      the division shall, within 30 business days, provide the foster parent with information regarding
             359      the specific nature of the complaint, the time and place of the alleged incident, and who was
             360      alleged to have been involved.
             361          (5) Whenever the division places a child in a foster home, it shall provide the foster
             362      parents with:
             363          (a) notification of the requirements of this section;
             364          (b) a written description of the procedures enacted by the division pursuant to
             365      Subsection (2) and how to access those processes; and


             366          (c) written notification of the foster parents' ability to petition the juvenile court directly
             367      for review of a decision to remove a foster child who has been in their custody for 12 months or
             368      longer, in accordance with the limitations and requirements of Section [ 78-3a-315 ] 78A-6-318 .
             369          (6) The requirements of this section do not apply to the removal of a child based on a
             370      foster parent's request for that removal.
             371          Section 4. Section 62A-4a-209 is amended to read:
             372           62A-4a-209. Emergency placement.
             373          (1) As used in this section:
             374          (a) "Nonrelative" means an individual, other than a noncustodial parent or a relative.
             375          (b) "Relative" is as defined in Subsection 78A-6-307 (1)(b).
             376          [(1)] (2) The division may use an emergency placement under Subsection
             377      62A-4a-202.1 (4)(b)(ii) when:
             378          (a) the case worker has made the determination that:
             379          (i) the child's home is unsafe;
             380          (ii) removal is necessary under the provisions of Section 62A-4a-202.1 ; and
             381          (iii) the child's custodial parent or guardian will agree to not remove the child from the
             382      home of the person that serves as the placement and not have any contact with the child until
             383      after the shelter hearing required by Section [ 78-3a-306 ] 78A-6-306 ;
             384          (b) a person, with preference being given in accordance with Subsection [(3)] (4), can
             385      be identified who has the ability and is willing to provide care for the child who would otherwise
             386      be placed in shelter care, including:
             387          (i) taking the child to medical, mental health, dental, and educational appointments at
             388      the request of the division; and
             389          (ii) making the child available to division services and the guardian ad litem; and
             390          (c) the person described in Subsection [(1)] (2)(b) agrees to care for the child on an
             391      emergency basis under the following conditions:
             392          (i) the person meets the criteria for an emergency placement under Subsection [(2)] (3);
             393          (ii) the person agrees to not allow the custodial parent or guardian to have any contact


             394      with the child until after the shelter hearing unless authorized by the division in writing;
             395          (iii) the person agrees to contact law enforcement and the division if the custodial
             396      parent or guardian attempts to make unauthorized contact with the child;
             397          (iv) the person agrees to allow the division and the child's guardian ad litem to have
             398      access to the child;
             399          (v) the person has been informed and understands that the division may continue to
             400      search for other possible placements for long-term care, if needed;
             401          (vi) the person is willing to assist the custodial parent or guardian in reunification
             402      efforts at the request of the division, and to follow all court orders; and
             403          (vii) the child is comfortable with the person.
             404          [(2) Before] (3) Except as otherwise provided in Subsection (5), before the division
             405      places a child in an emergency placement, the division:
             406          (a) may request the name of a reference and may contact the reference to determine the
             407      answer to the following questions:
             408          (i) would the person identified as a reference place a child in the home of the emergency
             409      placement; and
             410          (ii) are there any other relatives or friends to consider as a possible emergency or
             411      long-term placement for the child;
             412          (b) shall have the custodial parent or guardian sign an emergency placement agreement
             413      form during the investigation;
             414          (c) (i) [shall complete a] if the emergency placement will be with a relative of the child,
             415      shall comply with the background check provisions described in Subsection (7); or
             416          (ii) if the emergency placement will be with a person other than a noncustodial parent or
             417      a relative, shall comply with the criminal background check provisions described in [Sections
             418      62A-4a-202.4 and 78-3a-307.1 on all persons] Section 78A-6-308 for adults living in the
             419      household where the child will be placed;
             420          (d) shall complete a limited home inspection of the home where the emergency
             421      placement is made; and


             422          (e) shall have the emergency placement approved by a family service specialist.
             423          [(3)] (4) (a) The following order of preference shall be applied when determining the
             424      person with whom a child will be placed in an emergency placement described in this section,
             425      provided that the person is willing, and has the ability, to care for the child:
             426          (i) a noncustodial parent of the child in accordance with Section [ 78-3a-307 ]
             427      78A-6-307 ;
             428          (ii) a relative of the child;
             429          (iii) subject to Subsection [(3)] (4)(b), a friend designated by the custodial parent or
             430      guardian of the child, if the friend is a licensed foster parent; and
             431          (iv) a shelter facility, former foster placement, or other foster placement designated by
             432      the division.
             433          (b) Unless the division agrees otherwise, the custodial parent or guardian described in
             434      Subsection [(3)] (4)(a)(iii) may only designate one friend as a potential emergency placement.
             435          (5) (a) The division may, pending the outcome of the investigation described in
             436      Subsections (5)(b) and (c), place a child in emergency placement with the child's noncustodial
             437      parent if, based on a limited investigation, prior to making the emergency placement, the
             438      division:
             439          (i) determines that the noncustodial parent has regular, unsupervised visitation with the
             440      child that is not prohibited by law or court order;
             441          (ii) determines that there is not reason to believe that the child's health or safety will be
             442      endangered during the emergency placement; and
             443          (iii) has the custodial parent or guardian sign an emergency placement agreement.
             444          (b) Either before or after making an emergency placement with the noncustodial parent
             445      of the child, the division may conduct the investigation described in Subsection (3)(a) in relation
             446      to the noncustodial parent.
             447          (c) Before, or within one day, excluding weekends and holidays, after a child is placed
             448      in an emergency placement with the noncustodial parent of the child, the division shall conduct
             449      a limited:


             450          (i) background check of the noncustodial parent, pursuant to Subsection (7); and
             451          (ii) inspection of the home where the emergency placement is made.
             452          [(4)] (6) After an emergency placement, the division caseworker must:
             453          (a) respond to the emergency placement's calls within one hour if the custodial parents
             454      or guardians attempt to make unauthorized contact with the child or attempt to remove the
             455      child;
             456          (b) complete all removal paperwork, including the notice provided to the custodial
             457      parents and guardians under Section [ 78-3a-306 ] 78A-6-306 ;
             458          (c) contact the attorney general to schedule a shelter hearing;
             459          (d) complete the placement procedures required in Section [ 78-3a-307 , including,
             460      within five days after placement, the criminal history record check described in Subsection (5)]
             461      78A-6-307 ; and
             462          (e) continue to search for other relatives as a possible long-term placement, if needed.
             463          [(5) (a) In order to determine the suitability of a placement and to conduct a
             464      background screening and investigation of individuals living in the household in which a child is
             465      placed, each individual living in the household in which the child is placed who has not lived in
             466      the state substantially year round for the most recent five consecutive years ending on the date
             467      the investigation is commenced shall be fingerprinted. If no disqualifying record is identified at
             468      the state level, the fingerprints shall be forwarded by the division to the Federal Bureau of
             469      Investigation for a national criminal history record check.]
             470          [(b) The cost of the investigations described in Subsection (5)(a) shall be borne by
             471      whomever received placement of the child, except that the division may pay all or part of the
             472      cost of those investigations if the person with whom the child is placed is unable to pay.]
             473          (7) (a) The background check described in Subsection (3)(c)(i) shall include:
             474          (i) completion of a nonfingerprint-based, Utah Bureau of Criminal Identification
             475      background check; and
             476          (ii) a completed search of the Management Information System described in Section
             477      62A-4a-1003 .


             478          (b) The division shall determine whether a person passes the background check
             479      described in this Subsection (7) pursuant to the provisions of Subsections 62A-2-120 (2), (3),
             480      and (8).
             481          (c) Notwithstanding Subsection (7)(b), the division may not place a child with an
             482      individual who is prohibited by court order from having access to that child.
             483          Section 5. Section 62A-5-103.5 is amended to read:
             484           62A-5-103.5. Disbursal of public funds -- Background check of a direct service
             485      worker.
             486          (1) For purposes of this section:
             487          (a) "directly supervised" means that the person being supervised is under the
             488      uninterrupted visual and auditory surveillance of the person doing the supervising; and
             489          (b) "office" is as defined in Section 62A-2-101 .
             490          (2) Subject to Subsection (4), public funds may not be disbursed to pay a direct service
             491      worker for personal services rendered to a person, unless:
             492          (a) subject to Subsection (5), the direct service worker is approved by the office to have
             493      direct access and provide services to children or vulnerable adults pursuant to Section
             494      62A-2-120 ;
             495          (b) except as provided in Subsection (5):
             496          (i) during the time that the direct service worker renders the services described in this
             497      Subsection (2), the direct service worker who renders the services is directly supervised by a
             498      direct service worker who is approved by the office to have direct access and provide services
             499      to children or vulnerable adults pursuant to Section 62A-2-120 ;
             500          (ii) the direct service worker who renders the services described in this Subsection (2)
             501      has submitted the information required for a background check pursuant to Section 62A-2-120 ;
             502      and
             503          (iii) the office has not determined whether to approve the direct service worker
             504      described in Subsection (2)(b)(ii) to have direct access and provide services to children or
             505      vulnerable adults; or


             506          (c) except as provided in Subsection (5), the direct service worker:
             507          (i) (A) is a direct ancestor or descendent of the person to whom the services are
             508      rendered, but is not the person's parent;
             509          (B) is the aunt, uncle, or sibling of the person to whom the services are rendered; or
             510          (C) (I) has submitted the information required for a background check pursuant to
             511      Section 62A-2-120 ; and
             512          (II) the office has not determined whether to approve the direct service worker to have
             513      direct access and provide services to children or vulnerable adults; and
             514          (ii) is not listed in:
             515          (A) the Licensing Information System of the Division of Child and Family Services
             516      created by Section 62A-4a-1006 ;
             517          (B) the statewide database of the Division of Aging and Adult Services created by
             518      Section 62A-3-311.1 as having a substantiated finding of abuse, neglect, or exploitation; or
             519          (C) juvenile court records as having a substantiated finding under Section [ 78-3a-320 ]
             520      78A-6-323 that the direct service worker committed a severe type of child abuse or neglect.
             521          (3) For purposes of Subsection (2), the office shall conduct a background check of a
             522      direct service worker:
             523          (a) except as provided in Subsection (2)(b) or (c), before public funds are disbursed to
             524      pay the direct service worker for the personal services described in Subsection (2); and
             525          (b) using the same procedures established for a background check of an applicant for an
             526      initial license under Section 62A-2-120 .
             527          (4) The background check and the approval determination described in this section shall
             528      be conducted for a direct service worker on an annual basis.
             529          (5) Notwithstanding [any other provision of this section] Subsections (1) through (4),
             530      and except as provided in Subsection (6), a child who is in the legal custody of the department
             531      or any of the department's divisions may not be placed with a direct service worker unless,
             532      before the child is placed with the direct service worker, the direct service worker passes a
             533      background check, pursuant to the requirements of Section 62A-2-120 , that includes:


             534          (a) submitting the direct service worker's fingerprints for an FBI national criminal
             535      history records check, through the Criminal Investigations and Technical Services Division;
             536          (b) checking the child abuse and neglect registry in each state where the direct service
             537      worker resided in the five years immediately preceding the day on which the direct service
             538      worker applied to be a direct service worker; and
             539          (c) checking the child abuse and neglect registry in each state where each adult living in
             540      the home where the child will be placed resided in the five years immediately preceding the day
             541      on which the direct service worker applied to be a direct service worker.
             542          (6) The requirements under Subsection (5) do not apply to the extent that federal law or
             543      rule permits otherwise.
             544          Section 6. Section 78A-6-306 is amended to read:
             545           78A-6-306. Shelter hearing.
             546          (1) A shelter hearing shall be held within 72 hours excluding weekends and holidays
             547      after any one or all of the following occur:
             548          (a) removal of the child from the child's home by the division;
             549          (b) placement of the child in the protective custody of the division;
             550          (c) emergency placement under Subsection 62A-4a-202.1 (4);
             551          (d) as an alternative to removal of the child, a parent enters a domestic violence shelter
             552      at the request of the division; or
             553          (e) a "Motion for Expedited Placement in Temporary Custody" is filed under
             554      Subsection 78A-6-106 (4).
             555          (2) Upon the occurrence of any of the circumstances described in Subsections (1)(a)
             556      through (e), the division shall issue a notice that contains all of the following:
             557          (a) the name and address of the person to whom the notice is directed;
             558          (b) the date, time, and place of the shelter hearing;
             559          (c) the name of the child on whose behalf a petition is being brought;
             560          (d) a concise statement regarding:
             561          (i) the reasons for removal or other action of the division under Subsection (1); and


             562          (ii) the allegations and code sections under which the proceeding has been instituted;
             563          (e) a statement that the parent or guardian to whom notice is given, and the child, are
             564      entitled to have an attorney present at the shelter hearing, and that if the parent or guardian is
             565      indigent and cannot afford an attorney, and desires to be represented by an attorney, one will be
             566      provided; and
             567          (f) a statement that the parent or guardian is liable for the cost of support of the child in
             568      the protective custody, temporary custody, and custody of the division, and the cost for legal
             569      counsel appointed for the parent or guardian under Subsection (2)(e), according to the financial
             570      ability of the parent or guardian.
             571          (3) The notice described in Subsection (2) shall be personally served as soon as
             572      possible, but no later than one business day after removal of the child from the child's home, or
             573      the filing of a "Motion for Expedited Placement in Temporary Custody" under Subsection
             574      78A-6-106 (4), on:
             575          (a) the appropriate guardian ad litem; and
             576          (b) both parents and any guardian of the child, unless the parents or guardians cannot be
             577      located.
             578          (4) The following persons shall be present at the shelter hearing:
             579          (a) the child, unless it would be detrimental for the child;
             580          (b) the child's parents or guardian, unless the parents or guardian cannot be located, or
             581      fail to appear in response to the notice;
             582          (c) counsel for the parents, if one is requested;
             583          (d) the child's guardian ad litem;
             584          (e) the caseworker from the division who is assigned to the case; and
             585          (f) the attorney from the attorney general's office who is representing the division.
             586          (5) (a) At the shelter hearing, the court shall:
             587          (i) provide an opportunity to provide relevant testimony to:
             588          (A) the child's parent or guardian, if present; and
             589          (B) any other person having relevant knowledge; and


             590          (ii) subject to Section 78A-6-305 , provide an opportunity for the child to testify.
             591          (b) The court:
             592          (i) may consider all relevant evidence, in accordance with the Utah Rules of Juvenile
             593      Procedure;
             594          (ii) shall hear relevant evidence presented by the child, the child's parent or guardian,
             595      the requesting party, or their counsel; and
             596          (iii) may in its discretion limit testimony and evidence to only that which goes to the
             597      issues of removal and the child's need for continued protection.
             598          (6) If the child is in the protective custody of the division, the division shall report to the
             599      court:
             600          (a) the reason why the child was removed from the parent's or guardian's custody;
             601          (b) any services provided to the child and the child's family in an effort to prevent
             602      removal;
             603          (c) the need, if any, for continued shelter;
             604          (d) the available services that could facilitate the return of the child to the custody of
             605      the child's parent or guardian; and
             606          (e) subject to [Subsection] Subsections 78A-6-307 [(8)(c)](18)(c) through (e), whether
             607      any relatives of the child or friends of the child's parents may be able and willing to [take
             608      temporary custody] accept temporary placement of the child.
             609          (7) The court shall consider all relevant evidence provided by persons or entities
             610      authorized to present relevant evidence pursuant to this section.
             611          (8) (a) If necessary to protect the child, preserve the rights of a party, or for other good
             612      cause shown, the court may grant no more than one continuance, not to exceed five judicial
             613      days.
             614          (b) A court shall honor, as nearly as practicable, the request by a parent or guardian for
             615      a continuance under Subsection (8)(a).
             616          (9) (a) If the child is in the protective custody of the division, the court shall order that
             617      the child be released from the protective custody of the division unless it finds, by a


             618      preponderance of the evidence, that any one of the following exist:
             619          (i) subject to Subsection (9)(b)(i), there is a substantial danger to the physical health or
             620      safety of the child and the child's physical health or safety may not be protected without
             621      removing the child from the custody of the child's parent;
             622          (ii) (A) the child is suffering emotional damage; and
             623          (B) there are no reasonable means available by which the child's emotional health may
             624      be protected without removing the child from the custody of the child's parent;
             625          (iii) there is a substantial risk that the child will suffer abuse or neglect if the child is not
             626      removed from the custody of the child's parents;
             627          (iv) subject to Subsection (9)(b)(ii), the child or a minor residing in the same household
             628      has been physically or sexually abused, or is considered to be at substantial risk of being
             629      physically or sexually abused, by a:
             630          (A) parent;
             631          (B) member of the parent's household; or
             632          (C) person known to the parent;
             633          (v) the parent is unwilling to have physical custody of the child;
             634          (vi) the child is without any provision for the child's support;
             635          (vii) a parent who is incarcerated or institutionalized has not or cannot arrange for safe
             636      and appropriate care for the child;
             637          (viii) (A) a relative or other adult custodian with whom the child is left by the parent is
             638      unwilling or unable to provide care or support for the child;
             639          (B) the whereabouts of the parent are unknown; and
             640          (C) reasonable efforts to locate the parent are unsuccessful;
             641          (ix) the child is in urgent need of medical care;
             642          (x) the physical environment or the fact that the child is left unattended beyond a
             643      reasonable period of time poses a threat to the child's health or safety;
             644          (xi) the child or a minor residing in the same household has been neglected;
             645          (xii) the parent, or an adult residing in the same household as the parent, is charged or


             646      arrested pursuant to Title 58, Chapter 37d, Clandestine Drug Lab Act, and any clandestine
             647      laboratory operation was located in the residence or on the property where the child resided; or
             648          (xiii) the child's welfare is substantially endangered.
             649          (b) (i) Prima facie evidence of the finding described in Subsection (9)(a)(i) is established
             650      if:
             651          (A) a court previously adjudicated that the child suffered abuse, neglect, or dependency
             652      involving the parent; and
             653          (B) a subsequent incident of abuse, neglect, or dependency involving the parent occurs.
             654          (ii) For purposes of Subsection (9)(a)(iv), if the court finds that the parent knowingly
             655      allowed the child to be in the physical care of a person after the parent received actual notice
             656      that the person physically or sexually abused the child, that fact constitutes prima facie evidence
             657      that there is a substantial risk that the child will be physically or sexually abused.
             658          (10) (a) (i) The court shall also make a determination on the record as to whether
             659      reasonable efforts were made to prevent or eliminate the need for removal of the child from the
             660      child's home and whether there are available services that would prevent the need for continued
             661      removal.
             662          (ii) If the court finds that the child can be safely returned to the custody of the child's
             663      parent or guardian through the provision of those services, the court shall place the child with
             664      the child's parent or guardian and order that those services be provided by the division.
             665          (b) In making the determination described in Subsection (10)(a), and in ordering and
             666      providing services, the child's health, safety, and welfare shall be the paramount concern, in
             667      accordance with federal law.
             668          (11) Where the division's first contact with the family occurred during an emergency
             669      situation in which the child could not safely remain at home, the court shall make a finding that
             670      any lack of preplacement preventive efforts was appropriate.
             671          (12) In cases where actual sexual abuse or abandonment, or serious physical abuse or
             672      neglect are involved, neither the division nor the court has any duty to make "reasonable
             673      efforts" or to, in any other way, attempt to maintain a child in the child's home, return a child to


             674      the child's home, provide reunification services, or attempt to rehabilitate the offending parent
             675      or parents.
             676          (13) The court may not order continued removal of a child solely on the basis of
             677      educational neglect as described in Subsection 78A-6-105 (21)(b).
             678          (14) (a) Whenever a court orders continued removal of a child under this section, the
             679      court shall state the facts on which that decision is based.
             680          (b) If no continued removal is ordered and the child is returned home, the court shall
             681      state the facts on which that decision is based.
             682          (15) If the court finds that continued removal and temporary custody are necessary for
             683      the protection of a child because harm may result to the child if the child were returned home,
             684      the court shall order continued removal regardless of:
             685          (a) any error in the initial removal of the child;
             686          (b) the failure of a party to comply with notice provisions; or
             687          (c) any other procedural requirement of this chapter or Title 62A, Chapter 4a, Child and
             688      Family Services.
             689          Section 7. Section 78A-6-307 is amended to read:
             690           78A-6-307. Shelter hearing -- Placement -- DCFS custody.
             691          (1) As used in this section:
             692          (a) (i) "Natural parent," notwithstanding the provisions of Section 78A-6-105 , means:
             693          (A) a biological or adoptive mother;
             694          (B) an adoptive father; or
             695          (C) a biological father who:
             696          (I) was married to the child's biological mother at the time the child was conceived or
             697      born; or
             698          (II) has strictly complied with the provisions of Sections 78B-6-120 through
             699      78B-6-122 , prior to removal of the child or voluntary surrender of the child by the custodial
             700      parent.
             701          (ii) The definition of "natural parent" described in Subsection (1)(a)(i) applies regardless


             702      of whether the child has been or will be placed with adoptive parents or whether adoption has
             703      been or will be considered as a long term goal for the child.
             704          (b) "Relative" means:
             705          (i) an adult who is a grandparent, great grandparent, aunt, great aunt, uncle, great
             706      uncle, brother-in-law, sister-in-law, stepparent, first cousin, stepsibling, or sibling of a child; and
             707          (ii) in the case of a child defined as an "Indian" under the Indian Child Welfare Act, 25
             708      U.S.C. Sec. 1903, "relative" also means an "extended family member" as defined by that statute.
             709          [(1)] (2) (a) At the shelter hearing, when the court orders that a child be removed from
             710      the custody of the child's parent in accordance with the requirements of Section 78A-6-306 , the
             711      court shall first determine whether there is another natural parent [as defined in Subsection
             712      (1)(b),] with whom the child was not residing at the time the events or conditions that brought
             713      the child within the court's jurisdiction occurred, who desires to assume custody of the child.
             714          (b) If [that] another natural parent requests custody under Subsection (2)(a), the court
             715      shall place the child with that parent unless it finds that the placement would be unsafe or
             716      otherwise detrimental to the child.
             717          (c) The provisions of this Subsection [(1)] (2) are limited by the provisions of
             718      Subsection [(8)] (18)(b).
             719          [(b) Notwithstanding the provisions of Section 78A-6-105 , for purposes of this section
             720      "natural parent" includes only a biological or adoptive mother, an adoptive father, or a
             721      biological father who was married to the child's biological mother at the time the child was
             722      conceived or born, or who has strictly complied with the provisions of Sections 78B-6-120
             723      through 78B-6-122 prior to removal of the child or voluntary surrender of the child by the
             724      custodial parent. This definition applies regardless of whether the child has been or will be
             725      placed with adoptive parents or whether adoption has been or will be considered as a long term
             726      goal for the child.]
             727          [(c)] (d) (i) The court shall make a specific finding regarding the fitness of [that] the
             728      parent described in Subsection (2)(b) to assume custody, and the safety and appropriateness of
             729      the placement.


             730          (ii) The court shall, at a minimum, order the division to visit the parent's home,
             731      [perform] comply with the criminal background [checks] check provisions described in
             732      [Sections] Section 78A-6-308 [and 62A-4a-202.4 ], and check the division's management
             733      information system for any previous reports of abuse or neglect received by the division
             734      regarding the parent at issue.
             735          (iii) The court may order the [Division of Child and Family Services] division to
             736      conduct any further investigation regarding the safety and appropriateness of the placement.
             737          (iv) The division shall report its findings in writing to the court.
             738          (v) The court may place the child in the temporary custody of the division, pending its
             739      determination regarding that placement.
             740          [(2)] (3) If the court orders placement with a parent under Subsection [(1),](2):
             741          (a) the child and the parent are under the continuing jurisdiction of the court[. The];
             742          (b) the court may order:
             743          (i) that the parent assume custody subject to the supervision of the court[,]; and [order]
             744          (ii) that services be provided to the parent from whose custody the child was removed,
             745      the parent who has assumed custody, or both[. The]; and
             746          (c) the court shall [also provide for] order reasonable parent-time with the parent from
             747      whose custody the child was removed, unless parent-time is not in the best interest of the child.
             748      [The court's order shall be periodically reviewed]
             749          (4) The court shall periodically review an order described in Subsection (3) to
             750      determine whether:
             751          (a) placement with the parent continues to be in the child's best interest;
             752          (b) the child should be returned to the original custodial parent;
             753          (c) the child should be placed [with] in the custody of a relative, pursuant to
             754      [Subsection (5)] Subsections (7) through (12); or
             755          (d) the child should be placed in the custody of the division.
             756          [(3)] (5) The time limitations described in Section 78A-6-312 with regard to
             757      reunification efforts, apply to children placed with a previously noncustodial parent in


             758      accordance with Subsection [(1)] (2).
             759          [(4)] (6) Legal custody of the child is not affected by an order entered under Subsection
             760      [(1) or] (2) or (3). In order to affect a previous court order regarding legal custody, the party
             761      must petition that court for modification of the order.
             762          [(5) (a) (i)] (7) If, at the time of the shelter hearing, a child is removed from the custody
             763      of the child's parent and is not placed in the custody of [his] the child's other parent, the court:
             764          (a) shall, at that time, determine whether, subject to [Subsection (8)(c)] Subsections
             765      (18)(c) through (e), there is a relative of the child or a friend of a parent of the child who is able
             766      and willing to care for the child[.];
             767          [(ii) The court] (b) may order the [Division of Child and Family Services] division to
             768      conduct a reasonable search to determine whether, subject to [Subsection (8)(c)] Subsections
             769      (18)(c) through (e), there are relatives of the child or friends of a parent of the child who are
             770      willing and appropriate, in accordance with the requirements of this part and Title 62A, Chapter
             771      4a, Part 2, Child Welfare Services, for placement of the child[. The court];
             772          (c) shall order the parents to cooperate with the division, within five working days, to,
             773      subject to [Subsection (8)(c)] Subsections (18)(c) through (e), provide information regarding
             774      relatives of the child or friends who may be able and willing to care for the child[.]; and
             775          [(iii) The child] (d) may order that the child be placed in the [temporary] custody of the
             776      division pending the determination under Subsection [(5)(a)(ii)] (7)(a).
             777          [(iv)] (8) This section may not be construed as a guarantee that an identified relative or
             778      friend will receive custody of the child. [However, subject to Subsection (8)(c),]
             779          (9) Subject to Subsections (18)(c) through (e), preferential consideration shall be given
             780      to a relative's or a friend's request for placement of the child, if it is in the best interest of the
             781      child, and the provisions of this section are satisfied.
             782          [(b) (i)] (10) (a) If a willing relative or friend is identified [pursuant to] under
             783      Subsection [(5)] (7)(a), the court shall make a specific finding regarding:
             784          (i) the fitness of that relative or friend [to assume custody,] as a placement for the child;
             785      and


             786          (ii) the safety and appropriateness of placement with that relative or friend.
             787          (b) In order to be considered a "willing relative or friend" under this section, the relative
             788      or friend shall be willing to cooperate [if] with the child's permanency goal [is reunification with
             789      his parent or parents, and be willing to adopt or take permanent custody of the child if that is
             790      determined to be in the best interest of the child].
             791          [(ii) The] (11) (a) In making the finding described in Subsection (10)(a), the court
             792      shall, at a minimum, order the division to [conduct criminal background checks described in
             793      Sections 78A-6-308 and 62A-4a-202.4 ,]:
             794          (i) if the child may be placed with a relative of the child, conduct a background check
             795      that includes:
             796          (A) completion of a nonfingerprint-based, Utah Bureau of Criminal Identification
             797      background check of the relative;
             798          (B) a completed search, relating to the relative, of the Management Information System
             799      described in Section 62A-4a-1003 ; and
             800          (C) a background check that complies with the criminal background check provisions
             801      described in Section 78A-6-308 , of each nonrelative, as defined in Subsection
             802      62A-4a-209 (1)(a), of the child who resides in the household where the child may be placed;
             803          (ii) if the child will be placed with a noncustodial parent of the child, complete a
             804      background check that includes:
             805          (A) the background check requirements applicable to an emergency placement with a
             806      noncustodial parent that are described in Subsections 62A-4a-209 (5) and (7);
             807          (B) a completed search, relating to the noncustodial parent of the child, of the
             808      Management Information System described in Section 62A-4a-1003 ; and
             809          (C) a background check that complies with the criminal background check provisions
             810      described in Section 78A-6-308 , of each nonrelative, as defined in Subsection
             811      62A-4a-209 (1)(a), of the child who resides in the household where the child may be placed;
             812          (iii) if the child may be placed with an individual other than a noncustodial parent or a
             813      relative of the child, conduct a criminal background check of the individual, and each adult that


             814      resides in the household where the child may be placed, that complies with the criminal
             815      background check provisions described in Section 78A-6-308 ;
             816          (iv) visit the relative's or friend's home[,];
             817          (v) check the division's management information system for any previous reports of
             818      abuse or neglect regarding the relative or friend at issue[,];
             819          (vi) report [its] the division's findings in writing to the court[,]; and
             820          (vii) provide sufficient information so that the court may determine whether:
             821          (A) the relative or friend has any history of abusive or neglectful behavior toward other
             822      children that may indicate or present a danger to this child;
             823          (B) the child is comfortable with the relative or friend;
             824          (C) the relative or friend recognizes the parent's history of abuse and is [determined]
             825      committed to protect the child;
             826          (D) the relative or friend is strong enough to resist inappropriate requests by the parent
             827      for access to the child, in accordance with court orders;
             828          (E) the relative or friend is committed to caring for the child as long as necessary; and
             829          (F) the relative or friend can provide a secure and stable environment for the child.
             830          [(iii)] (b) The division may determine to conduct, or the court may order the [Division
             831      of Child and Family Services] division to conduct, any further investigation regarding the safety
             832      and appropriateness of the placement.
             833          [(iv)] (c) The division shall complete and file its assessment regarding placement with a
             834      relative or friend as soon as practicable, in an effort to facilitate placement of the child with a
             835      relative or friend.
             836          [(c)] (12) (a) The court may place [the] a child described in Subsection (2)(a) in the
             837      temporary custody of the division, pending the division's investigation pursuant to [Subsection
             838      (5)(b)] Subsections (10) and (11), and the court's determination regarding the appropriateness
             839      of that placement.
             840          (b) The court shall ultimately base its determination regarding the appropriateness of a
             841      placement with a relative or friend on the best interest of the child.


             842          [(d) For purposes of this section, "relative" means an adult who is a grandparent, great
             843      grandparent, aunt, great aunt, uncle, great uncle, brother-in-law, sister-in-law, stepparent, first
             844      cousin, stepsibling, or sibling of the child. In the case of a child defined as an "Indian" under the
             845      Indian Child Welfare Act, 25 U.S.C. Section 1903, "relative" also means an "extended family
             846      member" as defined by that statute.]
             847          [(6) (a)] (13) When the court [vests physical] awards custody and guardianship of a
             848      child with a relative or friend [pursuant to Subsection (5), it]:
             849          (a) the court shall order that:
             850          (i) the relative or friend assume custody, subject to the continuing supervision of the
             851      court[,]; and [shall order that]
             852          (ii) any necessary services be provided to the child and the relative or friend[. That
             853      child is not within the temporary custody or custody of the Division of Child and Family
             854      Services. The];
             855          (b) the child and any relative or friend with whom the child is placed are under the
             856      continuing jurisdiction of the court[. The];
             857          (c) the court may enter any order that it considers necessary for the protection and best
             858      interest of the child[. The];
             859          (d) the court shall provide for reasonable parent-time with the parent or parents from
             860      whose custody the child was removed, unless parent-time is not in the best interest of the
             861      child[.]; and
             862          [(b) (i) Placement with a relative or friend pursuant to Subsection (5) shall be
             863      periodically reviewed by the court,]
             864          (e) the court shall conduct a periodic review no less often than every six months, to
             865      determine whether:
             866          [(A)] (i) placement with the relative or friend continues to be in the child's best interest;
             867          [(B)] (ii) the child should be returned home; or
             868          [(C)] (iii) the child should be placed in the custody of the division.
             869          [(ii)] (14) No later than 12 months after placement with a relative or friend, the court


             870      shall schedule a hearing for the purpose of entering a permanent order in accordance with the
             871      best interest of the child.
             872          [(iii)] (15) The time limitations described in Section 78A-6-312 , with regard to
             873      reunification efforts, apply to children placed with a relative or friend pursuant to Subsection
             874      [(5)] (7).
             875          (16) (a) If the court awards custody of a child to the division, and the division places
             876      the child with a relative, the division shall:
             877          (i) conduct a criminal background check of the relative that complies with the criminal
             878      background check provisions described in Section 78A-6-308 ; and
             879          (ii) if the results of the criminal background check described in Subsection (16)(a)(i)
             880      would prohibit the relative from having direct access to the child under Section 62A-2-120 , the
             881      division shall:
             882          (A) take the child into physical custody; and
             883          (B) within three days, excluding weekends and holidays, after taking the child into
             884      physical custody under Subsection (16)(a)(ii)(A), give written notice to the court, and all parties
             885      to the proceedings, of the division's action.
             886          (b) Nothing in Subsection (16)(a) prohibits the division from placing a child with a
             887      relative, pending the results of the background check described in Subsection (16)(a) on the
             888      relative.
             889          [(7)] (17) When the court orders that a child be removed from the custody of the child's
             890      parent and does not [vest custody in] award custody and guardianship to another parent,
             891      relative, or friend under this section, the court shall order that the child be placed in the
             892      temporary custody of the Division of Child and Family Services, to proceed to adjudication and
             893      disposition and to be provided with care and services in accordance with this chapter and Title
             894      62A, Chapter 4a, Child and Family Services.
             895          [(8)] (18) (a) Any preferential consideration that a relative or friend is initially granted
             896      pursuant to Subsection [(5)] (9) expires 120 days from the date of the shelter hearing. After
             897      that time period has expired, a relative or friend who has not obtained custody or asserted an


             898      interest in a child, may not be granted preferential consideration by the division or the court.
             899          (b) When the time period described in Subsection [(8)] (18)(a) has expired, the
             900      preferential consideration which is initially granted to a natural parent in accordance with
             901      Subsection [(1)] (2), is limited. After that time the court shall base its custody decision on the
             902      best interest of the child.
             903          (c) [(i)] Prior to the expiration of the 120-day period described in Subsection [(8)]
             904      (18)(a), the following order of preference shall be applied when determining the person with
             905      whom a child will be placed, provided that the person is willing, and has the ability, to care for
             906      the child:
             907          [(A)] (i) a noncustodial parent of the child;
             908          [(B)] (ii) a relative of the child;
             909          [(C)] (iii) subject to Subsection [(8)(c)(ii)] (18)(d), a friend of a parent of the child, if
             910      the friend is a licensed foster parent; and
             911          [(D)] (iv) other placements that are consistent with the requirements of law.
             912          [(ii)] (d) In determining whether a friend is a willing and appropriate placement for a
             913      child, neither the court, nor the division, is required to consider more than one friend designated
             914      by each parent of the child.
             915          [(iii)] (e) If a parent of the child is not able to designate a friend who is a licensed foster
             916      parent for placement of the child, but is able to identify a friend who is willing to become
             917      licensed as a foster parent:
             918          [(A)] (i) the department shall fully cooperate to expedite the licensing process for the
             919      friend; and
             920          [(B)] (ii) if the friend becomes licensed as a foster parent within the time frame
             921      described in Subsection [(8)] (18)(a), the court shall determine whether it is in the best interests
             922      of the child to place the child [in the physical custody of] with the friend.
             923          [(9)] (19) If, following the shelter hearing, the child is placed with a person who is not a
             924      parent of the child, a relative of the child, a friend of a parent of the child, or a former foster
             925      parent of the child, priority shall be given to a foster placement with a man and a woman who


             926      are married to each other, unless it is in the best interests of the child to place the child with a
             927      single foster parent.
             928          [(10)] (20) In determining the placement of a child, neither the court, nor the [Division
             929      of Child and Family Services] division, may take into account, or discriminate against, the
             930      religion of a person with whom the child may be placed, unless the purpose of taking religion
             931      into account is to place the child with a person or family of the same religion as the child.
             932          Section 8. Section 78A-6-307.5 is enacted to read:
             933          78A-6-307.5. Post-shelter hearing placement of a child who is in division custody.
             934          (1) If the court awards custody of a child to the division under Section 78A-6-307 , or
             935      as otherwise permitted by law, the division shall determine ongoing placement of the child.
             936          (2) In placing a child under Subsection (1), the division:
             937          (a) except as provided in Subsections (2)(b) and (d), shall comply with the applicable
             938      background check provisions described in Section 78A-6-307 ;
             939          (b) is not required to receive approval from the court prior to making the placement;
             940          (c) shall, within three days, excluding weekends and holidays, after making the
             941      placement, give written notice to the court, and all parties to the proceedings, that the
             942      placement has been made; and
             943          (d) may place the child with a noncustodial parent or relative of the child, using the
             944      same criteria established for an emergency placement under Section 62A-4a-209 , pending the
             945      results of:
             946          (i) the background check described in Subsection 78A-6-307 (16)(a); and
             947          (ii) evaluation with the noncustodial parent or relative to determine the noncustodial
             948      parent's or relative's capacity to provide ongoing care to the child.
             949          Section 9. Section 78A-6-308 is amended to read:
             950           78A-6-308. Criminal background checks necessary prior to out-of-home
             951      placement.
             952          (1) [Upon] Subject to Subsection (3), upon ordering removal of a child from the
             953      custody of the child's parent and placing that child in the custody of the Division of Child and


             954      Family Services, prior to the division's placement of that child in out-of-home care, the court
             955      shall require the completion of a nonfingerprint-based background check by the Utah Bureau of
             956      Criminal Identification regarding the proposed placement.
             957          (2) (a) [The Division of Child and Family Services] Except as provided in Subsection
             958      (4), the division and the Office of the Guardian ad Litem Director may request, or the court
             959      upon its own motion may order, the Department of Public Safety to conduct a complete Federal
             960      Bureau of Investigation criminal background check through the national criminal history system
             961      (NCIC).
             962          (b) [Upon request by the Division of Child and Family Services] Except as provided in
             963      Subsection (4), upon request by the division or the Office of the Guardian ad Litem Director, or
             964      upon the court's order, persons subject to the requirements of Subsection (1) shall submit
             965      fingerprints and shall be subject to an FBI fingerprint background check. The child may be
             966      temporarily placed, pending the outcome of that background check.
             967          (c) The cost of those investigations shall be borne by whoever is to receive placement
             968      of the child, except that the Division of Child and Family Services may pay all or part of the cost
             969      of those investigations [if the person with whom the child is to be placed is unable to pay].
             970          (3) [Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, except as otherwise permitted
             971      by federal law or rule] Except as provided in Subsection (5), a child who is in the legal custody
             972      of the state may not be placed with a prospective foster parent or a prospective adoptive parent,
             973      unless, before the child is placed with the prospective foster parent or the prospective adoptive
             974      parent:
             975          (a) a fingerprint based FBI national criminal history records check is conducted on the
             976      prospective foster parent or prospective adoptive parent [and each adult living in the home of
             977      the prospective foster parent or prospective adoptive parent];
             978          (b) the Department of Human Services conducts a check of the child abuse and neglect
             979      registry in each state where the prospective foster parent or prospective adoptive parent resided
             980      in the five years immediately preceding the day on which the prospective foster parent or
             981      prospective adoptive parent applied to be a foster parent or adoptive parent, to determine


             982      whether the prospective foster parent or prospective adoptive parent is listed in the registry as
             983      having a substantiated or supported finding of a severe type of child abuse or neglect as defined
             984      in Section 62A-4a-1002 ;
             985          (c) the Department of Human Services conducts a check of the child abuse and neglect
             986      registry of each state where each adult living in the home of the prospective foster parent or
             987      prospective adoptive parent described in Subsection (3)(b) resided in the five years immediately
             988      preceding the day on which the prospective foster parent or prospective adoptive parent applied
             989      to be a foster parent or adoptive parent, to determine whether the adult is listed in the registry
             990      as having a substantiated or supported finding of a severe type of child abuse or neglect as
             991      defined in Section 62A-4a-1002 ; and
             992          (d) each person required to undergo a background check described in this Subsection
             993      (3) passes the background check, pursuant to the provisions of Section 62A-2-120 .
             994          (4) Subsections (2)(a) and (b) do not apply to a child who is placed with a noncustodial
             995      parent or relative under Section 62A-4a-209 , 78A-6-307 , or 78A-6-307.5 , unless the court
             996      finds that compliance with Subsection (2)(a) or (b) is necessary to ensure the safety of the child.
             997          (5) The requirements under Subsection (3) do not apply to the extent that:
             998          (a) federal law or rule permits otherwise; or
             999          (b) the requirements would prohibit the division or a court from placing a child with:
             1000          (i) a noncustodial parent, under Section 62A-4a-209 , 78A-6-307 , or 78A-6-307.5 ; or
             1001          (ii) a relative, under Section 62A-4a-209 , 78A-6-307 , or 78A-6-307.5 , pending
             1002      completion of the background check described in Subsection (3).
             1003          Section 10. Section 78A-6-318 is amended to read:
             1004           78A-6-318. Review of foster care removal -- Foster parent's standing.
             1005          (1) With regard to a child in the custody of the Division of Child and Family Services
             1006      who is the subject of a petition alleging abuse, neglect, or dependency, and who has been placed
             1007      in foster care with a foster family, the Legislature finds that:
             1008          (a) except with regard to the child's natural parents, a foster family has a very limited
             1009      but recognized interest in its familial relationship with the child; and


             1010          (b) children in the custody of the division are experiencing multiple changes in foster
             1011      care placements with little or no documentation, and that numerous studies of child growth and
             1012      development emphasize the importance of stability in foster care living arrangements.
             1013          (2) For the reasons described in Subsection (1), the Legislature finds that, except with
             1014      regard to the child's natural parents, procedural due process protections must be provided to a
             1015      foster family prior to removal of a foster child from [their] the foster home.
             1016          (3) (a) A foster parent who has had a foster child in [his custody] the foster parent's
             1017      home for 12 months or longer may petition the juvenile court for a review and determination of
             1018      the appropriateness of a decision by the Division of Child and Family Services to remove the
             1019      child from the [child's] foster home, unless the removal was for the purpose of:
             1020          (i) returning the child to the child's natural parent or legal guardian;
             1021          (ii) immediately placing the child in an approved adoptive home;
             1022          (iii) placing the child with a relative, as defined in Subsection 78A-6-307 [(5)(d)](1)(b),
             1023      who obtained custody or asserted an interest in the child within the preference period described
             1024      in Subsection 78A-6-307 [(8)](18)(a); or
             1025          (iv) placing an Indian child in accordance with preplacement preferences and other
             1026      requirements described in the Indian Child Welfare Act, 25 U.S.C. Sec. 1915.
             1027          (b) The foster parent may petition the court under this section without exhausting
             1028      administrative remedies within the division.
             1029          (c) The court may order the division to place the child in a specified home, and shall
             1030      base its determination on the best interest of the child.
             1031          (4) The requirements of this section do not apply to the removal of a child based on a
             1032      foster parent's request for that removal.
             1033          Section 11. Section 78B-6-113 is amended to read:
             1034           78B-6-113. Prospective parent not a resident -- Preplacement requirements.
             1035          (1) When an adoption petition is to be finalized in this state with regard to any
             1036      prospective adoptive parent who is not a resident of this state at the time a child is placed in that
             1037      person's home, the potential adoptive parent shall:


             1038          (a) comply with the provisions of Sections 78B-6-128 and 78B-6-130 ; and
             1039          (b) (i) if the child is in state custody, submit fingerprints for a Federal Bureau of
             1040      Investigation national criminal history record check through the Criminal and Technical Services
             1041      Division of the Department of Public Safety in accordance with the provisions of Section
             1042      62A-2-120 ; or
             1043          (ii) subject to Subsection (2), if the child is not in state custody:
             1044          (A) submit fingerprints for a Federal Bureau of Investigation national criminal history
             1045      records check as a personal records check; or
             1046          (B) complete a criminal records check and child abuse database check for each state
             1047      and, if available, country, where the potential adoptive parent resided during the five years
             1048      immediately preceding the day on which the adoption petition is to be finalized.
             1049          (2) For purposes of Subsection (1)(b)(ii):
             1050          (a) if the adoption is being handled by a human services program, as defined in Section
             1051      62A-2-101 :
             1052          (i) the criminal history check described in Subsection (1)(b)(ii)(A) shall be submitted in
             1053      accordance with procedures established by the Criminal Investigations and Technical Services
             1054      Division of the Department of Public Safety; and
             1055          (ii) subject to Subsection (3), the criminal history check described in Subsection
             1056      (1)(b)(ii)(B) shall be submitted in a manner acceptable to the court that will:
             1057          (A) preserve the chain of custody of the results; and
             1058          (B) not permit tampering with the results by a prospective adoptive parent or other
             1059      interested party; and
             1060          (b) if the adoption is being handled by a private attorney, and not a human services
             1061      program, the criminal history checks described in Subsection (1)(b)(ii), shall be:
             1062          (i) submitted in accordance with procedures established by the Criminal Investigations
             1063      and Technical Services Division of the Department of Public Safety; or
             1064          (ii) subject to Subsection (3), submitted in a manner acceptable to the court that will:
             1065          (A) preserve the chain of custody of the results; and


             1066          (B) not permit tampering with the results by a prospective adoptive parent or other
             1067      interested party.
             1068          (3) In order to comply with Subsection (2)(a)(ii) of (b)(ii), the manner in which the
             1069      criminal history check is submitted shall be approved by the court.
             1070          (4) [In] Except as provided in Subsection 78B-6-131 (2), in addition to the other
             1071      requirements of this section, before a child in state custody is placed with a prospective foster
             1072      parent or a prospective adoptive parent, the Department of Human Services shall comply with
             1073      Section 78B-6-131 .
             1074          Section 12. Section 78B-6-131 is amended to read:
             1075           78B-6-131. Child in custody of state -- Placement.
             1076          (1) Notwithstanding [any other provision of this section, except as otherwise permitted
             1077      by federal law or rule] Sections 78B-6-128 through 78B-6-130 , and except as provided in
             1078      Subsection (2), a child who is in the legal custody of the state may not be placed with a
             1079      prospective foster parent or a prospective adoptive parent, unless, before the child is placed
             1080      with the prospective foster parent or the prospective adoptive parent:
             1081          [(1)] (a) a fingerprint based FBI national criminal history records check is conducted on
             1082      the prospective foster parent or prospective adoptive parent [and each adult living in the home
             1083      of the prospective foster parent or prospective adoptive parent];
             1084          [(2)] (b) the Department of Human Services conducts a check of the child abuse and
             1085      neglect registry in each state where the prospective foster parent or prospective adoptive parent
             1086      resided in the five years immediately preceding the day on which the prospective foster parent
             1087      or prospective adoptive parent applied to be a foster parent or adoptive parent, to determine
             1088      whether the prospective foster parent or prospective adoptive parent is listed in the registry as
             1089      having a substantiated or supported finding of child abuse or neglect;
             1090          [(3)] (c) the Department of Human Services conducts a check of the child abuse and
             1091      neglect registry of each state where each adult living in the home of the prospective foster
             1092      parent or prospective adoptive parent described in Subsection [(2)] (1)(b) resided in the five
             1093      years immediately preceding the day on which the prospective foster parent or prospective


             1094      adoptive parent applied to be a foster parent or adoptive parent, to determine whether the adult
             1095      is listed in the registry as having a substantiated or supported finding of child abuse or neglect;
             1096      and
             1097          [(4)] (d) each person required to undergo a background check described in this section
             1098      passes the background check, pursuant to the provisions of Section 62A-2-120 .
             1099          (2) The requirements under Subsection (1) do not apply to the extent that:
             1100          (a) federal law or rule permits otherwise; or
             1101          (b) the requirements would prohibit the division or a court from placing a child with:
             1102          (i) a noncustodial parent, under Section 62A-4a-209 , 78A-6-307 , or 78A-6-307.5 ; or
             1103          (ii) a relative, under Section 62A-4a-209 , 78A-6-307 , or 78A-6-307.5 , pending
             1104      completion of the background check described in Subsection (1).
             1105          Section 13. Effective date.
             1106          If approved by two-thirds of all the members elected to each house, this bill takes effect
             1107      upon approval by the governor, or the day following the constitutional time limit of Utah
             1108      Constitution Article VII, Section 8, without the governor's signature, or in the case of a veto,
             1109      the date of veto override.


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