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H.B. 90 Enrolled

             1     

EXPUNGEMENT AMENDMENTS

             2     
2008 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Chief Sponsor: R. Curt Webb

             5     
Senate Sponsor: Gregory S. Bell

             6     
             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill amends the Code of Criminal Procedure regarding the expungement time period
             10      for multiple misdemeanor offenses.
             11      Highlighted Provisions:
             12          This bill:
             13          .    amends the provisions regarding time periods for expungement to specify that in the
             14      case of:
             15              .    multiple class A misdemeanors, 15 years must elapse before the offenses may be
             16      expunged;
             17              .    multiple class B misdemeanors, 12 years must elapse; and
             18              .    multiple class C misdemeanors, six years must elapse.
             19      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             20          None
             21      Other Special Clauses:
             22          None
             23      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             24      AMENDS:
             25          77-18-12, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapters 50, 189, and 269
             26     
             27      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             28          Section 1. Section 77-18-12 is amended to read:
             29           77-18-12. Grounds for denial of certificate of eligibility -- Effect of prior


             30      convictions.
             31          (1) The division shall issue a certificate of eligibility to a petitioner seeking to obtain
             32      expungement for a criminal record unless prior to issuing a certificate of eligibility the division
             33      finds, through records of a governmental agency, including national criminal data bases that:
             34          (a) the conviction for which expungement is sought is:
             35          (i) a capital felony;
             36          (ii) a first degree felony;
             37          (iii) a second degree forcible felony;
             38          (iv) automobile homicide;
             39          (v) a felony violation of Section 41-6a-502 ;
             40          (vi) a conviction involving a sexual act against a minor;
             41          (vii) any registerable sex offense as defined in Subsection 77-27-21.5 (1)(f); or
             42          (viii) an attempt, solicitation, or conspiracy to commit any offense listed in Subsection
             43      77-27-21.5 (1)(f);
             44          (b) the petitioner's record includes two or more convictions for any type of offense
             45      which would be classified as a felony under Utah law, not arising out of a single criminal
             46      episode, regardless of the jurisdiction in which the convictions occurred;
             47          (c) the petitioner has previously obtained expungement in any jurisdiction of a crime
             48      which would be classified as a felony in Utah;
             49          (d) the petitioner has previously obtained expungement in any jurisdiction of two or
             50      more convictions which would be classified as misdemeanors in Utah unless the convictions
             51      would be classified as class B or class C misdemeanors in Utah and 15 years have passed since
             52      these misdemeanor convictions;
             53          (e) the petitioner was convicted in any jurisdiction, subsequent to the conviction for
             54      which expungement is sought and within the time periods as provided in Subsection (2), of a
             55      crime which would be classified in Utah as a felony, misdemeanor, or infraction;
             56          (f) the petitioner has a combination of three or more convictions not arising out of a
             57      single criminal episode including any conviction for an offense which would be classified under


             58      Utah law as a class B or class A misdemeanor or as a felony, including any misdemeanor and
             59      felony convictions previously expunged, regardless of the jurisdiction in which the conviction or
             60      expungement occurred;
             61          (g) a proceeding involving a crime is pending or being instituted in any jurisdiction
             62      against the petitioner; or
             63          (h) the petitioner has not paid the full amount of court ordered restitution pursuant to
             64      Section 77-38a-302 , or by the Board of Pardons pursuant to Section 77-27-6 on the conviction
             65      for which the person is seeking an expungement.
             66          (2) A conviction may not be included for purposes of Subsection (1)(e), and a
             67      conviction may not be considered for expungement until, after the petitioner's release from
             68      incarceration, parole, or probation, whichever occurs last and all fines ordered by the court have
             69      been satisfied, at least the following period of time has elapsed:
             70          (a) seven years in the case of a felony;
             71          (b) ten years in the case of:
             72          (i) a misdemeanor conviction or the equivalent of a misdemeanor conviction as defined
             73      in Subsection 41-6a-501 (2); or
             74          (ii) a felony violation of Subsection 58-37-8 (2)(g);
             75          (c) five years in the case of a class A misdemeanor;
             76          (d) three years in the case of any other misdemeanor or infraction under Title 76, Utah
             77      Criminal Code; [or]
             78          (e) six years in the case of multiple class C misdemeanors;
             79          [(e) 15] (f) 12 years in the case of multiple class B [or class C] misdemeanors[.]; or
             80          (g) 15 years in the case of multiple class A misdemeanors.
             81          (3) A petitioner who would not be eligible to receive a certificate of eligibility under
             82      Subsection (1)(d) or (f) may receive a certificate of eligibility for one additional expungement if
             83      at least 15 years have elapsed since the last of any of the following:
             84          (a) release from incarceration, parole, or probation relating to the most recent
             85      conviction; and


             86          (b) any other conviction which would have prevented issuance of a certificate of
             87      eligibility under Subsection (1)(e).
             88          (4) If, after reasonable research, a disposition for an arrest on the criminal history file is
             89      unobtainable, the division may issue a special certificate giving discretion of eligibility to the
             90      court.


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