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H.B. 146 Enrolled





Chief Sponsor: Christine A. Johnson

Senate Sponsor: Mike Dmitrich

             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill modifies the Environmental Quality Code and the Motor Vehicles Code by
             10      amending provisions relating to school buses.
             11      Highlighted Provisions:
             12          This bill:
             13          .    requires the State Board of Education, in consultation with local school districts and
             14      the Air Quality Board, to adopt idling reduction standards and implement an idling
             15      reduction program; and
             16          .    makes technical changes.
             17      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             18          This bill appropriates:
             19          .    for the fiscal year 2008-09 only, $100,000 from the Uniform School Fund to the
             20      State Board of Education for a clean school bus purchase or retrofit program.
             21      Other Special Clauses:
             22          This bill takes effect on July 1, 2008.
             23      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             24      AMENDS:
             25          19-2-102, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1995, Chapter 250
             26          19-2-104, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapter 223
             27      ENACTS:
             28          41-6a-1308, Utah Code Annotated 1953

             30      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             31          Section 1. Section 19-2-102 is amended to read:
             32           19-2-102. Definitions.
             33          As used in this chapter:
             34          (1) "Air contaminant" means any particulate matter or any gas, vapor, suspended solid,
             35      or any combination of them, excluding steam and water vapors.
             36          (2) "Air contaminant source" means all sources of emission of air contaminants whether
             37      privately or publicly owned or operated.
             38          (3) "Air pollution" means the presence in the ambient air of one or more air
             39      contaminants in the quantities and duration and under conditions and circumstances as is or
             40      tends to be injurious to human health or welfare, animal or plant life, or property, or would
             41      unreasonably interfere with the enjoyment of life or use of property, as determined by the rules
             42      adopted by the board.
             43          (4) "Ambient air" means the surrounding or outside air.
             44          (5) "Asbestos" means the asbestiform varieties of serpentine (chrysotile), riebeckite
             45      (crocidolite), cummingtonite-grunerite, anthophyllite, and actinolite-tremolite.
             46          (6) "Asbestos-containing material" means any material containing more than 1%
             47      asbestos, as determined using the method adopted in 40 CFR Part 61, Subpart M, National
             48      Emission Standard for Asbestos.
             49          (7) "Asbestos inspection" means an activity undertaken to determine the presence or
             50      location, or to assess the condition of, asbestos-containing material or suspected
             51      asbestos-containing material, whether by visual or physical examination, or by taking samples of
             52      the material.
             53          (8) (a) "Board" means the Air Quality Board.
             54          (b) "Board" means, as used in Sections 19-2-123 through 19-2-126 , the Air Quality
             55      Board or the Water Quality Board.
             56          (9) "Clean school bus" has the same meaning as defined in 42 U.S.C. Sec. 16091.
             57          [(9)] (10) "Executive secretary" means the executive secretary of the board.

             58          [(10)] (11) (a) "Facility" means machinery, equipment, structures, or any part or
             59      accessories of them, installed or acquired for the primary purpose of controlling or disposing of
             60      air pollution.
             61          (b) "Facility" does not include an air conditioner, fan, or other similar facility for the
             62      comfort of personnel.
             63          [(11)] (12) "Friable asbestos-containing material" means any material containing more
             64      than 1% asbestos, as determined using the method adopted in 40 CFR Part 61, Subpart M,
             65      National Emission Standard for Asbestos, that hand pressure can crumble, pulverize, or reduce
             66      to powder when dry.
             67          [(12)] (13) "Indirect source" means a facility, building, structure, or installation which
             68      attracts or may attract mobile source activity that results in emissions of a pollutant for which
             69      there is a national standard.
             70          [(13)] (14) (a) "Pollution control facility" or "facility" means, as used in Sections
             71      19-2-123 through 19-2-126 , any land, structure, building, installation, excavation, machinery,
             72      equipment, or device, or any addition to, reconstruction, replacement or improvement of, land
             73      or an existing structure, building, installation, excavation, machinery, equipment, or device
             74      reasonably used, erected, constructed, acquired, or installed by any person if the primary
             75      purpose of the use, erection, construction, acquisition, or installation is the prevention, control,
             76      or reduction of air or water pollution by:
             77          (i) the disposal or elimination of or redesign to eliminate waste and the use of treatment
             78      works for industrial waste as defined in Title 19, Chapter 5, Water Quality Act; or
             79          (ii) the disposal, elimination, or reduction of or redesign to eliminate or reduce air
             80      contaminants or air pollution or air contamination sources and the use of air cleaning devices.
             81          (b) "Pollution control facility" or "facility" does not include air conditioners, septic
             82      tanks, or other facilities for human waste, nor any property installed, constructed, or used for
             83      the moving of sewage to the collection facilities of a public or quasi-public sewerage system.
             84          Section 2. Section 19-2-104 is amended to read:
             85           19-2-104. Powers of board.

             86          (1) The board may make rules in accordance with Title 63, Chapter 46a, Utah
             87      Administrative Rulemaking Act:
             88          (a) regarding the control, abatement, and prevention of air pollution from all sources
             89      and the establishment of the maximum quantity of air contaminants that may be emitted by any
             90      air contaminant source;
             91          (b) establishing air quality standards;
             92          (c) requiring persons engaged in operations which result in air pollution to:
             93          (i) install, maintain, and use emission monitoring devices, as the board finds necessary;
             94          (ii) file periodic reports containing information relating to the rate, period of emission,
             95      and composition of the air contaminant; and
             96          (iii) provide access to records relating to emissions which cause or contribute to air
             97      pollution;
             98          (d) implementing 15 U.S.C.A. 2601 et seq. Toxic Substances Control Act, Subchapter
             99      II - Asbestos Hazard Emergency Response, and reviewing and approving asbestos management
             100      plans submitted by local education agencies under that act;
             101          (e) establishing a requirement for a diesel emission opacity inspection and maintenance
             102      program for diesel-powered motor vehicles;
             103          (f) implementing an operating permit program as required by and in conformity with
             104      Titles IV and V of the federal Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990;
             105          (g) establishing requirements for county emissions inspection and maintenance
             106      programs after obtaining agreement from the counties that would be affected by the
             107      requirements;
             108          (h) with the approval of the governor, implementing in air quality nonattainment areas
             109      employer-based trip reduction programs applicable to businesses having more than 100
             110      employees at a single location and applicable to federal, state, and local governments to the
             111      extent necessary to attain and maintain ambient air quality standards consistent with the state
             112      implementation plan and federal requirements under the standards set forth in Subsection (2);
             113      and

             114          (i) implementing lead-based paint remediation training, certification, and performance
             115      requirements in accordance with 15 U.S.C.A. 2601 et seq., Toxic Substances Control Act,
             116      Subchapter IV -- Lead Exposure Reduction, Sections 402 and 406.
             117          (2) When implementing Subsection (1)(h) the board shall take into consideration:
             118          (a) the impact of the business on overall air quality; and
             119          (b) the need of the business to use automobiles in order to carry out its business
             120      purposes.
             121          (3) The board may:
             122          (a) hold hearings relating to any aspect of or matter in the administration of this chapter
             123      and compel the attendance of witnesses and the production of documents and other evidence,
             124      administer oaths and take testimony, and receive evidence as necessary;
             125          (b) issue orders necessary to enforce the provisions of this chapter, enforce the orders
             126      by appropriate administrative and judicial proceedings, and institute judicial proceedings to
             127      secure compliance with this chapter;
             128          (c) settle or compromise any civil action initiated to compel compliance with this
             129      chapter and the rules made under this chapter;
             130          (d) secure necessary scientific, technical, administrative, and operational services,
             131      including laboratory facilities, by contract or otherwise;
             132          (e) prepare and develop a comprehensive plan or plans for the prevention, abatement,
             133      and control of air pollution in this state;
             134          (f) encourage voluntary cooperation by persons and affected groups to achieve the
             135      purposes of this chapter;
             136          (g) encourage local units of government to handle air pollution within their respective
             137      jurisdictions on a cooperative basis and provide technical and consultative assistance to them;
             138          (h) encourage and conduct studies, investigations, and research relating to air
             139      contamination and air pollution and their causes, effects, prevention, abatement, and control;
             140          (i) determine by means of field studies and sampling the degree of air contamination and
             141      air pollution in all parts of the state;

             142          (j) monitor the effects of the emission of air contaminants from motor vehicles on the
             143      quality of the outdoor atmosphere in all parts of this state and take appropriate action with
             144      respect to them;
             145          (k) collect and disseminate information and conduct educational and training programs
             146      relating to air contamination and air pollution;
             147          (l) advise, consult, contract, and cooperate with other agencies of the state, local
             148      governments, industries, other states, interstate or interlocal agencies, the federal government,
             149      and with interested persons or groups;
             150          (m) consult, upon request, with any person proposing to construct, install, or otherwise
             151      acquire an air contaminant source in the state concerning the efficacy of any proposed control
             152      device, or system for this source, or the air pollution problem which may be related to the
             153      source, device, or system, but a consultation does not relieve any person from compliance with
             154      this chapter, the rules adopted under it, or any other provision of law;
             155          (n) accept, receive, and administer grants or other funds or gifts from public and private
             156      agencies, including the federal government, for the purpose of carrying out any of the functions
             157      of this chapter;
             158          (o) require the owner and operator of each new source which directly emits or has the
             159      potential to emit 100 tons per year or more of any air contaminant or the owner or operator of
             160      each existing source which by modification will increase emissions or have the potential of
             161      increasing emissions by 100 tons per year or more of any air contaminant, to pay a fee sufficient
             162      to cover the reasonable costs of:
             163          (i) reviewing and acting upon the notice required under Section 19-2-108 ; and
             164          (ii) implementing and enforcing requirements placed on the sources by any approval
             165      order issued pursuant to notice, not including any court costs associated with any enforcement
             166      action;
             167          (p) assess and collect noncompliance penalties as required in Section 120 of the federal
             168      Clean Air Act, 42 U.S.C. Sec. 7420;
             169          (q) meet the requirements of federal air pollution laws;

             170          (r) establish work practice, certification, and clearance air sampling requirements for
             171      persons who:
             172          (i) contract for hire to conduct demolition, renovation, salvage, encapsulation work
             173      involving friable asbestos-containing materials, or asbestos inspections;
             174          (ii) conduct work described in Subsection (3)(r)(i) in areas to which the general public
             175      has unrestrained access or in school buildings that are subject to the federal Asbestos Hazard
             176      Emergency Response Act of 1986;
             177          (iii) conduct asbestos inspections in facilities subject to 15 U.S.C.A. 2601 et seq., Toxic
             178      Substances Control Act, Subchapter II - Asbestos Hazard Emergency Response; or
             179          (iv) conduct lead paint inspections in facilities subject to 15 U.S.C.A. 2601 et seq.,
             180      Toxic Substances Control Act, Subchapter IV -- Lead Exposure Reduction;
             181          (s) establish certification requirements for persons required under 15 U.S.C.A. 2601 et
             182      seq., Toxic Substances Control Act, Subchapter II - Asbestos Hazard Emergency Response, to
             183      be accredited as inspectors, management planners, abatement project designers, asbestos
             184      abatement contractors and supervisors, or asbestos abatement workers;
             185          (t) establish certification requirements for asbestos project monitors, which shall
             186      provide for experience-based certification of persons who, prior to establishment of the
             187      certification requirements, had received relevant asbestos training, as defined by rule, and had
             188      acquired at least 1,000 hours of experience as project monitors;
             189          (u) establish certification procedures and requirements for certification of the
             190      conversion of a motor vehicle to a clean-fuel vehicle, certifying the vehicle is eligible for the tax
             191      credit granted in Section 59-7-605 or 59-10-1009 ;
             192          (v) establish a program to certify private sector air quality permitting professionals
             193      (AQPP), as described in Section 19-2-109.5 ; [and]
             194          (w) establish certification requirements for persons required under 15 U.S.C.A. 2601 et
             195      seq., Toxic Control Act, Subchapter IV -- Lead Exposure Reduction, to be accredited as
             196      inspectors, risk assessors, supervisors, project designers, or abatement workers[.]; and
             197          (x) assist the State Board of Education in adopting school bus idling reduction

             198      standards and implementing an idling reduction program in accordance with Section
             199      41-6a-1308 .
             200          (4) Any rules adopted under this chapter shall be consistent with provisions of federal
             201      laws, if any, relating to control of motor vehicles or motor vehicle emissions.
             202          (5) Nothing in this chapter authorizes the board to require installation of or payment for
             203      any monitoring equipment by the owner or operator of a source if the owner or operator has
             204      installed or is operating monitoring equipment that is equivalent to equipment which the board
             205      would require under this section.
             206          Section 3. Section 41-6a-1308 is enacted to read:
             207          41-6a-1308. School bus idling standards.
             208          The State Board of Education shall, in consultation with local school districts and the
             209      Air Quality Board:
             210          (1) implement an idling reduction program for all school bus drivers in the state; and
             211          (2) adopt idling reduction standards in the Utah Standards for Utah School Buses and
             212      Operations, 2008 edition.
             213          Section 4. Appropriation.
             214          (1) There is appropriated from the Uniform School Fund for fiscal year 2008-09 only,
             215      $100,000 to the State Board of Education.
             216          (2) The appropriation under Subsection (1) is nonlapsing.
             217          (3) The State Board of Education shall use funds appropriated under Subsection (1) to
             218      provide matching funds for grants awarded by the federal government or private sources to
             219      local school districts for the purchase or retrofit of clean school buses as defined in 42 U.S.C.
             220      Sec. 16091.
             221          Section 5. Effective date.
             222          This bill takes effect on July 1, 2008.

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