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First Substitute H.B. 36

Senator Margaret Dayton proposes the following substitute bill:


             1     
CHILD WELFARE AMENDMENTS

             2     
2008 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Chief Sponsor: Wayne A. Harper

             5     
Senate Sponsor: Margaret Dayton

             6     
             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill amends background check and child placement provisions in the Utah Human
             10      Services Code and the Juvenile Court Act of 1996.
             11      Highlighted Provisions:
             12          This bill:
             13          .    defines terms;
             14          .    provides that the requirement that a child in state custody may not be placed with a
             15      prospective foster or adoptive parent until the Department of Human Services
             16      conducts a comprehensive background check, does not prohibit the Division of
             17      Child and Family Services or a court placing the child with a noncustodial parent, or
             18      with a relative, pending further investigation of the appropriateness of the
             19      placement;
             20          .    provides exceptions to certain background check requirements if the exceptions are
             21      permitted by federal law or rule;
             22          .    modifies background check requirements for prospective foster or adoptive
             23      placements;
             24          .    clarifies the rulemaking authority of the Office of Licensing, within the Department
             25      of Human Services;


             26          .    provides that priority shall be given for placing a child with a noncustodial parent,
             27      relative, or friend, over placing the child in a shelter;
             28          .    modifies provisions relating to the placement and custody of a child who has been
             29      removed from the custody of the child's parents;
             30          .    provides that, in order to be considered a "willing relative or friend" for purposes of
             31      determining placement of a child following a shelter care hearing, the friend or
             32      relative must be willing to cooperate with the child's permanency goal;
             33          .    describes the limited background check or investigation that must be completed
             34      before a child in state custody is placed with a noncustodial parent or relative; and
             35          .     makes technical changes.
             36      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             37          None
             38      Other Special Clauses:
             39          This bill provides an immediate effective date.
             40      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             41      AMENDS:
             42          62A-2-120, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 152
             43          62A-4a-202.1, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 169
             44          62A-4a-206, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2002, Chapter 306
             45          62A-4a-209, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 169
             46          62A-5-103.5, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 152
             47          78A-6-306, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             48          78A-6-307, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             49          78A-6-308, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             50          78A-6-318, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             51          78B-6-113, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             52          78B-6-131, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             53      ENACTS:
             54          78A-6-307.5, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             55     
             56      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:


             57          Section 1. Section 62A-2-120 is amended to read:
             58           62A-2-120. Criminal background checks -- Direct access to children or
             59      vulnerable adults.
             60          (1) (a) Except as provided in Subsection (7), an applicant for an initial license or a
             61      license renewal under this chapter shall submit to the office the names and other identifying
             62      information, which may include fingerprints, of all persons associated with the licensee, as
             63      defined in Section 62A-2-101 , with direct access to children or vulnerable adults.
             64          (b) The Criminal Investigations and Technical Services Division of the Department of
             65      Public Safety, or the office as authorized under Section 53-10-108 , shall process the
             66      information described in Subsection (1)(a) to determine whether the individual has been
             67      convicted of any crime.
             68          (c) Except as provided in Subsection (1)(d), if an individual has not continuously lived
             69      in Utah for the five years immediately preceding the day on which the information referred to
             70      in Subsection (1)(a) is submitted to the office, the individual shall submit fingerprints for a FBI
             71      national criminal history record check. The fingerprints shall be submitted to the FBI through
             72      the Criminal Investigations and Technical Services Division.
             73          (d) An individual is not required to comply with Subsection (1)(c) if:
             74          (i) the individual continuously lived in Utah for the five years immediately preceding
             75      the day on which the information described in Subsection (1)(a) is submitted to the office,
             76      except for time spent outside of the United States and its territories; and
             77          (ii) the background check of the individual is being conducted for a purpose other than
             78      a purpose described in Subsection (1)(f).
             79          (e) If an applicant described in Subsection (1)(a) spent time outside of the United
             80      States and its territories during the five years immediately preceding the day on which the
             81      information described in Subsection (1)(a) is submitted to the office, the office shall require the
             82      applicant to submit documentation establishing whether the applicant was convicted of a crime
             83      during the time that the applicant spent outside of the United States and its territories.
             84          (f) Notwithstanding [any other provision of this Subsection (1)] Subsections (1)(a)
             85      through (e), and except as provided in Subsection (1)(h), an applicant described in Subsection
             86      (1)(a) shall submit fingerprints for an FBI national criminal history records check, through the
             87      Criminal Investigations and Technical Services Division, if the background check of the


             88      applicant is being conducted for the purpose of:
             89          (i) licensing a prospective foster home; or
             90          (ii) approving a prospective adoptive placement of a child in state custody.
             91          (g) [In] Except as provided in Subsection (1)(h), in addition to the other requirements
             92      of this section, if the background check of an applicant described in Subsection (1)(a) is being
             93      conducted for the purpose of licensing a prospective foster home or approving a prospective
             94      adoptive placement of a child in state custody, the office shall:
             95          (i) check the child abuse and neglect registry in each state where each prospective
             96      foster parent or prospective adoptive parent resided in the five years immediately preceding the
             97      day on which the prospective foster parent or prospective adoptive parent applied to be a foster
             98      parent or adoptive parent, to determine whether the prospective foster parent or prospective
             99      adoptive parent is listed in the registry as having a substantiated or supported finding of child
             100      abuse or neglect; and
             101          (ii) check the child abuse and neglect registry in each state where each adult living in
             102      the home of the prospective foster parent or prospective adoptive parent described in
             103      Subsection (1)(g)(i) resided in the five years immediately preceding the day on which the
             104      prospective foster parent or prospective adoptive parent applied to be a foster parent or
             105      adoptive parent, to determine whether the adult is listed in the registry as having a substantiated
             106      or supported finding of child abuse or neglect.
             107          (h) The requirements under Subsections (1)(f) and (g) do not apply to the extent that:
             108          (i) federal law or rule permits otherwise; or
             109          (ii) the requirements would prohibit the Division of Child and Family Services or a
             110      court from placing a child with:
             111          (A) a noncustodial parent under Section 62A-4a-209 , 78A-6-307 , or 78A-6-307.5 ; or
             112          (B) a relative, other than a noncustodial parent, under Section 62A-4a-209 , 78A-6-307 ,
             113      or 78A-6-307.5 , pending completion of the background check described in Subsections (1)(f)
             114      and (g).
             115          [(h)] (i) The office shall make rules, in accordance with Title 63, Chapter 46a, Utah
             116      Administrative Rulemaking Act, to implement the provisions of this Subsection (1) relating to
             117      background checks.
             118          (2) The office shall approve a person for whom identifying information is submitted


             119      under Subsection (1) to have direct access to children or vulnerable adults in the licensee
             120      program if:
             121          (a) (i) the person is found to have no criminal history record; or
             122          (ii) (A) the only convictions in the person's criminal history record are misdemeanors
             123      or infractions not involving any of the offenses described in Subsection (3); and
             124          (B) the date of the last conviction under Subsection (2)(a)(ii)(A) is more than five years
             125      before the date of the search;
             126          (b) the person is not listed in the statewide database of the Division of Aging and Adult
             127      Services created by Section 62A-3-311.1 ;
             128          (c) juvenile court records do not show that a court made a substantiated finding, under
             129      Section [ 78-3a-320 ] 78A-6-323 , that the person committed a severe type of child abuse or
             130      neglect;
             131          (d) the person is not listed in the Licensing Information System of the Division of
             132      Child and Family Services created by Section 62A-4a-1006 ;
             133          (e) the person has not pled guilty or no contest to a pending charge for any:
             134          (i) felony;
             135          (ii) misdemeanor listed in Subsection (3); or
             136          (iii) infraction listed in Subsection (3); and
             137          (f) for a person described in Subsection (1)(g), the registry check described in
             138      Subsection (1)(g) does not indicate that the person is listed in a child abuse and neglect registry
             139      of another state as having a substantiated or supported finding of a severe type of child abuse or
             140      neglect as defined in Section 62A-4a-1002 .
             141          (3) Except as provided in Subsection (8), unless at least ten years have passed since the
             142      date of conviction, the office may not approve a person to have direct access to children or
             143      vulnerable adults in the licensee's human services program if that person has been convicted of
             144      an offense, whether a felony, misdemeanor, or infraction, that is:
             145          (a) identified as a sexual offense, domestic violence, lewdness, assault, or battery;
             146          (b) a violation of any pornography law, including sexual exploitation of a minor;
             147          (c) prostitution;
             148          (d) included in:
             149          (i) Title 76, Chapter 5, Offenses Against the Person;


             150          (ii) Title 76, Chapter 5a, Sexual Exploitation of Children; or
             151          (iii) Title 76, Chapter 7, Offenses Against the Family;
             152          (e) a violation of Section 76-6-103 , aggravated arson;
             153          (f) a violation of Section 76-6-203 , aggravated burglary;
             154          (g) a violation of Section 76-6-302 , aggravated robbery; or
             155          (h) a conviction for an offense committed outside of the state that, if committed in the
             156      state, would constitute a violation of an offense described in Subsections (3)(d) through (g).
             157          (4) (a) Except as provided in Subsection (8), if a person for whom identifying
             158      information is submitted under Subsection (1) is not approved by the office under Subsection
             159      (2) or (3) to have direct access to children or vulnerable adults in the licensee program, the
             160      office shall conduct a comprehensive review of criminal and court records and related
             161      circumstances if the reason the approval is not granted is due solely to one or more of the
             162      following:
             163          (i) a conviction for:
             164          (A) any felony not listed in Subsection (3);
             165          (B) any misdemeanor or infraction, not listed in Subsection (3), within five years of the
             166      date of the search;
             167          (C) a protective order or ex parte protective order violation under Section 76-5-108 or
             168      a similar statute in another state; or
             169          (D) any felony, misdemeanor, or infraction listed in Subsection (3) if at least ten years
             170      have passed since the date of conviction;
             171          (ii) a plea of guilty or no contest to a pending:
             172          (A) felony;
             173          (B) misdemeanor listed in Subsection (3); or
             174          (C) infraction listed in Subsection (3);
             175          (iii) the person is listed in the statewide database of the Division of Aging and Adult
             176      Services created by Section 62A-3-311.1 ;
             177          (iv) juvenile court records show that a court made a substantiated finding, under
             178      Section [ 78-3a-320 ] 78A-6-323 , that the person committed a severe type of child abuse or
             179      neglect;
             180          (v) the person is listed in the Licensing Information System of the Division of Child


             181      and Family Services created by Section 62A-4a-1006 ; or
             182          (vi) the person is listed in a child abuse or neglect registry of another state as having a
             183      substantiated or supported finding of a severe type of child abuse or neglect as defined in
             184      Section 62A-4a-1002 .
             185          (b) The comprehensive review under Subsection (4)(a) shall include an examination of:
             186          (i) the date of the offense or incident;
             187          (ii) the nature and seriousness of the offense or incident;
             188          (iii) the circumstances under which the offense or incident occurred;
             189          (iv) the age of the perpetrator when the offense or incident occurred;
             190          (v) whether the offense or incident was an isolated or repeated incident;
             191          (vi) whether the offense or incident directly relates to abuse of a child or vulnerable
             192      adult, including:
             193          (A) actual or threatened, nonaccidental physical or mental harm;
             194          (B) sexual abuse;
             195          (C) sexual exploitation; and
             196          (D) negligent treatment;
             197          (vii) any evidence provided by the person of rehabilitation, counseling, or psychiatric
             198      treatment received, or additional academic or vocational schooling completed, by the person;
             199      and
             200          (viii) any other pertinent information.
             201          (c) At the conclusion of the comprehensive review under Subsection (4)(a), the office
             202      shall approve the person who is the subject of the review to have direct access to children or
             203      vulnerable adults, unless it finds that approval will likely create a risk of harm to a child or
             204      vulnerable adult.
             205          (d) In accordance with Title 63, Chapter 46a, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act, the
             206      office may make rules, consistent with this chapter, defining procedures for the comprehensive
             207      review described in this Subsection (4).
             208          (5) (a) For purposes of this Subsection (5), "directly supervised" means that the person
             209      being supervised is under the uninterrupted visual and auditory surveillance of the person doing
             210      the supervising.
             211          (b) A licensee may not permit any person to have direct access to a child or a


             212      vulnerable adult unless, subject to Subsection (5)(c), that person is:
             213          (i) associated with the licensee and:
             214          (A) approved by the office to have direct access to children or vulnerable adults under
             215      this section; or
             216          (B) (I) the office has not determined whether to approve that person to have direct
             217      access to children or vulnerable adults;
             218          (II) the information described in Subsection (1)(a), relating to that person, is submitted
             219      to the department; and
             220          (III) that person is directly supervised by a person associated with the licensee who is
             221      approved by the office to have direct access to children or vulnerable adults under this section;
             222          (ii) (A) not associated with the licensee; and
             223          (B) directly supervised by a person associated with the licensee who is approved by the
             224      office to have direct access to children or vulnerable adults under this section;
             225          (iii) the parent or guardian of the child or vulnerable adult; or
             226          (iv) a person approved by the parent or guardian of the child or vulnerable adult to
             227      have direct access to the child or vulnerable adult.
             228          (c) Notwithstanding Subsection (5)(b), a person may not have direct access to a child
             229      or a vulnerable adult if that person is prohibited by court order from having that access.
             230          (6) (a) Within 30 days after receiving the identifying information for a person under
             231      Subsection (1), the office shall give written notice to the person and to the licensee or applicant
             232      with whom the person is associated of:
             233          (i) the office's decision regarding its background screening clearance and findings; and
             234          (ii) a list of any convictions found in the search.
             235          (b) With the notice described in Subsection (6)(a), the office shall also give to the
             236      person the details of any comprehensive review conducted under Subsection (4).
             237          (c) If the notice under Subsection (6)(a) states that the person is not approved to have
             238      direct access to children or vulnerable adults, the notice shall further advise the persons to
             239      whom the notice is given that either the person or the licensee or applicant with whom the
             240      person is associated, or both, may, under Subsection 62A-2-111 (2), request a hearing in the
             241      department's Office of Administrative Hearings, to challenge the office's decision.
             242          (d) In accordance with Title 63, Chapter 46a, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act, the


             243      office shall make rules, consistent with this chapter:
             244          (i) defining procedures for the challenge of its background screening decision
             245      described in this Subsection (6); and
             246          (ii) expediting the process for renewal of a license under the requirements of this
             247      section and other applicable sections.
             248          (7) Notwithstanding Subsection (1)(a), this section does not apply to an applicant for
             249      an initial license, or license renewal, to operate a substance abuse program that provides
             250      services to adults only.
             251          (8) (a) Notwithstanding Subsections (2) through (4), the office may not approve or
             252      license a person as a prospective foster parent or a prospective adoptive parent if the person has
             253      been convicted of:
             254          (i) a felony involving conduct that constitutes any of the following:
             255          (A) child abuse, as described in Section 76-5-109 ;
             256          (B) commission of domestic violence in the presence of a child, as described in Section
             257      76-5-109.1 ;
             258          (C) abuse or neglect of a disabled child, as described in Section 76-5-110 ;
             259          (D) endangerment of a child, as described in Section 76-5-112.5 ;
             260          (E) aggravated murder, as described in Section 76-5-202 ;
             261          (F) murder, as described in Section 76-5-203 ;
             262          (G) manslaughter, as described in Section 76-5-205 ;
             263          (H) child abuse homicide, as described in Section 76-5-208 ;
             264          (I) homicide by assault, as described in Section 76-5-209 ;
             265          (J) kidnapping, as described in Section 76-5-301 ;
             266          (K) child kidnapping, as described in Section 76-5-301.1 ;
             267          (L) aggravated kidnapping, as described in Section 76-5-302 ;
             268          (M) an offense described in Title 76, Chapter 5, Part 4, Sexual Offenses;
             269          (N) an offense described in Title 76, Chapter 5a, Sexual Exploitation of Children;
             270          (O) aggravated arson, as described in Section 76-6-103 ;
             271          (P) aggravated burglary, as described in Section 76-6-203 ;
             272          (Q) aggravated robbery, as described in Section 76-6-302 ; or
             273          (R) domestic violence, as described in Section 77-36-1 ; or


             274          (ii) an offense committed outside the state that, if committed in the state, would
             275      constitute a violation of an offense described in Subsection (8)(a)(i).
             276          (b) Notwithstanding Subsections (2) through (4), the office may not approve or license
             277      a person as a prospective foster parent or a prospective adoptive parent if, within the five years
             278      immediately preceding the day on which the person would otherwise be approved or licensed,
             279      the person has been convicted of a felony involving conduct that constitutes any of the
             280      following:
             281          (i) aggravated assault, as described in Section 76-5-103 ;
             282          (ii) aggravated assault by a prisoner, as described in Section 76-5-103.5 ;
             283          (iii) mayhem, as described in Section 76-5-105 ;
             284          (iv) an offense described in Title 58, Chapter 37, Utah Controlled Substances Act;
             285          (v) an offense described in Title 58, Chapter 37a, Utah Drug Paraphernalia Act;
             286          (vi) an offense described in Title 58, Chapter 37b, Imitation Controlled Substances
             287      Act;
             288          (vii) an offense described in Title 58, Chapter 37c, Utah Controlled Substance
             289      Precursor Act; or
             290          (viii) an offense described in Title 58, Chapter 37d, Clandestine Drug Lab Act.
             291          Section 2. Section 62A-4a-202.1 is amended to read:
             292           62A-4a-202.1. Entering home of a child -- Taking a child into protective custody
             293      -- Caseworker accompanied by peace officer -- Preventive services -- Shelter facility or
             294      emergency placement.
             295          (1) A peace officer or child welfare worker may not enter the home of a child who is
             296      not under the jurisdiction of the court, remove a child from the child's home or school, or take a
             297      child into protective custody unless authorized under Subsection [ 78-3a-106 ] 78A-6-106 (2).
             298          (2) A child welfare worker within the division may take action under Subsection (1)
             299      accompanied by a peace officer, or without a peace officer when a peace officer is not
             300      reasonably available.
             301          (3) (a) If possible, consistent with the child's safety and welfare, before taking a child
             302      into protective custody, the child welfare worker shall also determine whether there are
             303      services available that, if provided to a parent or guardian of the child, would eliminate the
             304      need to remove the child from the custody of the child's parent or guardian.


             305          (b) If the services described in Subsection (3)(a) are reasonably available, they shall be
             306      utilized.
             307          (c) In determining whether the services described in Subsection (3)(a) are reasonably
             308      available, and in making reasonable efforts to provide those services, the child's health, safety,
             309      and welfare shall be the child welfare worker's paramount concern.
             310          (4) (a) A child removed or taken into custody under this section may not be placed or
             311      kept in a secure detention facility pending court proceedings unless the child is detainable
             312      based on guidelines promulgated by the Division of Juvenile Justice Services.
             313          (b) A child removed from the custody of the child's parent or guardian but who does
             314      not require physical restriction shall be given temporary care in:
             315          (i) a shelter facility; or
             316          (ii) an emergency placement in accordance with Section 62A-4a-209 .
             317          (c) When making a placement under Subsection (4)(b), the Division of Child and
             318      Family Services shall give priority to a placement with a noncustodial parent, relative, or
             319      friend, in accordance with Section 62A-4a-209 .
             320          Section 3. Section 62A-4a-206 is amended to read:
             321           62A-4a-206. Process for removal of a child from foster family -- Procedural due
             322      process.
             323          (1) (a) The Legislature finds that, except with regard to a child's natural parent or legal
             324      guardian, a foster family has a very limited but recognized interest in its familial relationship
             325      with a foster child who has been in the care and custody of that family. In making
             326      determinations regarding removal of a child from a foster home, the division may not dismiss
             327      the foster family as a mere collection of unrelated individuals.
             328          (b) The Legislature finds that children in the temporary custody and custody of the
             329      division are experiencing multiple changes in foster care placements with little or no
             330      documentation, and that numerous studies of child growth and development emphasize the
             331      importance of stability in foster care living arrangements.
             332          (c) For the reasons described in Subsections (1)(a) and (b), the division shall provide
             333      procedural due process for a foster family prior to removal of a foster child from their home,
             334      regardless of the length of time the child has been in that home, unless removal is for the
             335      purpose of:


             336          (i) returning the child to the child's natural parent or legal guardian;
             337          (ii) immediately placing the child in an approved adoptive home;
             338          (iii) placing the child with a relative, as defined in Subsection [ 78-3a-307 (5)(d)]
             339      78A-6-307 (1)(b), who obtained custody or asserted an interest in the child within the
             340      preference period described in Subsection [ 78-3a-307 (8)] 78A-6-307 (18)(a); or
             341          (iv) placing an Indian child in accordance with preplacement preferences and other
             342      requirements described in the Indian Child Welfare Act, 25 U.S.C. Sec. 1915.
             343          (2) (a) The division shall maintain and utilize due process procedures for removal of a
             344      foster child from a foster home, in accordance with the procedures and requirements of Title
             345      63, Chapter 46b, Administrative Procedures Act.
             346          (b) Those procedures shall include requirements for:
             347          (i) personal communication with and explanation to foster parents prior to removal of
             348      the child; and
             349          (ii) an opportunity for foster parents to present their information and concerns to the
             350      division and to request a review by a third party neutral fact finder prior to removal of the
             351      child.
             352          (c) If the division determines that there is a reasonable basis to believe that the child is
             353      in danger or that there is a substantial threat of danger to the health or welfare of the child, it
             354      shall place the child in emergency foster care during the pendency of the procedures described
             355      in this subsection, instead of making another foster care placement.
             356          (3) If the division removes a child from a foster home based upon the child's statement
             357      alone, the division shall initiate and expedite the processes described in Subsection (2). The
             358      division may take no formal action with regard to that foster parent's license until after those
             359      processes, in addition to any other procedure or hearing required by law, have been completed.
             360          (4) When a complaint is made to the division by a foster child against a foster parent,
             361      the division shall, within 30 business days, provide the foster parent with information regarding
             362      the specific nature of the complaint, the time and place of the alleged incident, and who was
             363      alleged to have been involved.
             364          (5) Whenever the division places a child in a foster home, it shall provide the foster
             365      parents with:
             366          (a) notification of the requirements of this section;


             367          (b) a written description of the procedures enacted by the division pursuant to
             368      Subsection (2) and how to access those processes; and
             369          (c) written notification of the foster parents' ability to petition the juvenile court
             370      directly for review of a decision to remove a foster child who has been in their custody for 12
             371      months or longer, in accordance with the limitations and requirements of Section [ 78-3a-315 ]
             372      78A-6-318 .
             373          (6) The requirements of this section do not apply to the removal of a child based on a
             374      foster parent's request for that removal.
             375          Section 4. Section 62A-4a-209 is amended to read:
             376           62A-4a-209. Emergency placement.
             377          (1) As used in this section:
             378          (a) "Nonrelative" means an individual, other than a noncustodial parent or a relative.
             379          (b) "Relative" is as defined in Subsection 78A-6-307 (1)(b).
             380          [(1)] (2) The division may use an emergency placement under Subsection
             381      62A-4a-202.1 (4)(b)(ii) when:
             382          (a) the case worker has made the determination that:
             383          (i) the child's home is unsafe;
             384          (ii) removal is necessary under the provisions of Section 62A-4a-202.1 ; and
             385          (iii) the child's custodial parent or guardian will agree to not remove the child from the
             386      home of the person that serves as the placement and not have any contact with the child until
             387      after the shelter hearing required by Section [ 78-3a-306 ] 78A-6-306 ;
             388          (b) a person, with preference being given in accordance with Subsection [(3)] (4), can
             389      be identified who has the ability and is willing to provide care for the child who would
             390      otherwise be placed in shelter care, including:
             391          (i) taking the child to medical, mental health, dental, and educational appointments at
             392      the request of the division; and
             393          (ii) making the child available to division services and the guardian ad litem; and
             394          (c) the person described in Subsection [(1)] (2)(b) agrees to care for the child on an
             395      emergency basis under the following conditions:
             396          (i) the person meets the criteria for an emergency placement under Subsection [(2)] (3);
             397          (ii) the person agrees to not allow the custodial parent or guardian to have any contact


             398      with the child until after the shelter hearing unless authorized by the division in writing;
             399          (iii) the person agrees to contact law enforcement and the division if the custodial
             400      parent or guardian attempts to make unauthorized contact with the child;
             401          (iv) the person agrees to allow the division and the child's guardian ad litem to have
             402      access to the child;
             403          (v) the person has been informed and understands that the division may continue to
             404      search for other possible placements for long-term care, if needed;
             405          (vi) the person is willing to assist the custodial parent or guardian in reunification
             406      efforts at the request of the division, and to follow all court orders; and
             407          (vii) the child is comfortable with the person.
             408          [(2) Before] (3) Except as otherwise provided in Subsection (5), before the division
             409      places a child in an emergency placement, the division:
             410          (a) may request the name of a reference and may contact the reference to determine the
             411      answer to the following questions:
             412          (i) would the person identified as a reference place a child in the home of the
             413      emergency placement; and
             414          (ii) are there any other relatives or friends to consider as a possible emergency or
             415      long-term placement for the child;
             416          (b) shall have the custodial parent or guardian sign an emergency placement agreement
             417      form during the investigation;
             418          (c) (i) [shall complete a] if the emergency placement will be with a relative of the
             419      child, shall comply with the background check provisions described in Subsection (7); or
             420          (ii) if the emergency placement will be with a person other than a noncustodial parent
             421      or a relative, shall comply with the criminal background check provisions described in
             422      [Sections 62A-4a-202.4 and 78-3a-307.1 on all persons] Section 78A-6-308 for adults living
             423      in the household where the child will be placed;
             424          (d) shall complete a limited home inspection of the home where the emergency
             425      placement is made; and
             426          (e) shall have the emergency placement approved by a family service specialist.
             427          [(3)] (4) (a) The following order of preference shall be applied when determining the
             428      person with whom a child will be placed in an emergency placement described in this section,


             429      provided that the person is willing, and has the ability, to care for the child:
             430          (i) a noncustodial parent of the child in accordance with Section [ 78-3a-307 ]
             431      78A-6-307 ;
             432          (ii) a relative of the child;
             433          (iii) subject to Subsection [(3)] (4)(b), a friend designated by the custodial parent or
             434      guardian of the child, if the friend is a licensed foster parent; and
             435          (iv) a shelter facility, former foster placement, or other foster placement designated by
             436      the division.
             437          (b) Unless the division agrees otherwise, the custodial parent or guardian described in
             438      Subsection [(3)] (4)(a)(iii) may only designate one friend as a potential emergency placement.
             439          (5) (a) The division may, pending the outcome of the investigation described in
             440      Subsections (5)(b) and (c), place a child in emergency placement with the child's noncustodial
             441      parent if, based on a limited investigation, prior to making the emergency placement, the
             442      division:
             443          (i) determines that the noncustodial parent has regular, unsupervised visitation with the
             444      child that is not prohibited by law or court order;
             445          (ii) determines that there is not reason to believe that the child's health or safety will be
             446      endangered during the emergency placement; and
             447          (iii) has the custodial parent or guardian sign an emergency placement agreement.
             448          (b) Either before or after making an emergency placement with the noncustodial parent
             449      of the child, the division may conduct the investigation described in Subsection (3)(a) in
             450      relation to the noncustodial parent.
             451          (c) Before, or within one day, excluding weekends and holidays, after a child is placed
             452      in an emergency placement with the noncustodial parent of the child, the division shall conduct
             453      a limited:
             454          (i) background check of the noncustodial parent, pursuant to Subsection (7); and
             455          (ii) inspection of the home where the emergency placement is made.
             456          [(4)] (6) After an emergency placement, the division caseworker must:
             457          (a) respond to the emergency placement's calls within one hour if the custodial parents
             458      or guardians attempt to make unauthorized contact with the child or attempt to remove the
             459      child;


             460          (b) complete all removal paperwork, including the notice provided to the custodial
             461      parents and guardians under Section [ 78-3a-306 ] 78A-6-306 ;
             462          (c) contact the attorney general to schedule a shelter hearing;
             463          (d) complete the placement procedures required in Section [ 78-3a-307 , including,
             464      within five days after placement, the criminal history record check described in Subsection (5)]
             465      78A-6-307 ; and
             466          (e) continue to search for other relatives as a possible long-term placement, if needed.
             467          [(5) (a) In order to determine the suitability of a placement and to conduct a
             468      background screening and investigation of individuals living in the household in which a child
             469      is placed, each individual living in the household in which the child is placed who has not lived
             470      in the state substantially year round for the most recent five consecutive years ending on the
             471      date the investigation is commenced shall be fingerprinted. If no disqualifying record is
             472      identified at the state level, the fingerprints shall be forwarded by the division to the Federal
             473      Bureau of Investigation for a national criminal history record check.]
             474          [(b) The cost of the investigations described in Subsection (5)(a) shall be borne by
             475      whomever received placement of the child, except that the division may pay all or part of the
             476      cost of those investigations if the person with whom the child is placed is unable to pay.]
             477          (7) (a) The background check described in Subsection (3)(c)(i) shall include:
             478          (i) completion of a nonfingerprint-based, Utah Bureau of Criminal Identification
             479      background check; and
             480          (ii) a completed search of the Management Information System described in Section
             481      62A-4a-1003 .
             482          (b) The division shall determine whether a person passes the background check
             483      described in this Subsection (7) pursuant to the provisions of Subsections 62A-2-120 (2), (3),
             484      and (8).
             485          (c) Notwithstanding Subsection (7)(b), the division may not place a child with an
             486      individual who is prohibited by court order from having access to that child.
             487          Section 5. Section 62A-5-103.5 is amended to read:
             488           62A-5-103.5. Disbursal of public funds -- Background check of a direct service
             489      worker.
             490          (1) For purposes of this section:


             491          (a) "directly supervised" means that the person being supervised is under the
             492      uninterrupted visual and auditory surveillance of the person doing the supervising; and
             493          (b) "office" is as defined in Section 62A-2-101 .
             494          (2) Subject to Subsection (4), public funds may not be disbursed to pay a direct service
             495      worker for personal services rendered to a person, unless:
             496          (a) subject to Subsection (5), the direct service worker is approved by the office to have
             497      direct access and provide services to children or vulnerable adults pursuant to Section
             498      62A-2-120 ;
             499          (b) except as provided in Subsection (5):
             500          (i) during the time that the direct service worker renders the services described in this
             501      Subsection (2), the direct service worker who renders the services is directly supervised by a
             502      direct service worker who is approved by the office to have direct access and provide services
             503      to children or vulnerable adults pursuant to Section 62A-2-120 ;
             504          (ii) the direct service worker who renders the services described in this Subsection (2)
             505      has submitted the information required for a background check pursuant to Section 62A-2-120 ;
             506      and
             507          (iii) the office has not determined whether to approve the direct service worker
             508      described in Subsection (2)(b)(ii) to have direct access and provide services to children or
             509      vulnerable adults; or
             510          (c) except as provided in Subsection (5), the direct service worker:
             511          (i) (A) is a direct ancestor or descendent of the person to whom the services are
             512      rendered, but is not the person's parent;
             513          (B) is the aunt, uncle, or sibling of the person to whom the services are rendered; or
             514          (C) (I) has submitted the information required for a background check pursuant to
             515      Section 62A-2-120 ; and
             516          (II) the office has not determined whether to approve the direct service worker to have
             517      direct access and provide services to children or vulnerable adults; and
             518          (ii) is not listed in:
             519          (A) the Licensing Information System of the Division of Child and Family Services
             520      created by Section 62A-4a-1006 ;
             521          (B) the statewide database of the Division of Aging and Adult Services created by


             522      Section 62A-3-311.1 as having a substantiated finding of abuse, neglect, or exploitation; or
             523          (C) juvenile court records as having a substantiated finding under Section [ 78-3a-320 ]
             524      78A-6-323 that the direct service worker committed a severe type of child abuse or neglect.
             525          (3) For purposes of Subsection (2), the office shall conduct a background check of a
             526      direct service worker:
             527          (a) except as provided in Subsection (2)(b) or (c), before public funds are disbursed to
             528      pay the direct service worker for the personal services described in Subsection (2); and
             529          (b) using the same procedures established for a background check of an applicant for
             530      an initial license under Section 62A-2-120 .
             531          (4) The background check and the approval determination described in this section
             532      shall be conducted for a direct service worker on an annual basis.
             533          (5) Notwithstanding [any other provision of this section] Subsections (1) through (4),
             534      and except as provided in Subsection (6), a child who is in the legal custody of the department
             535      or any of the department's divisions may not be placed with a direct service worker unless,
             536      before the child is placed with the direct service worker, the direct service worker passes a
             537      background check, pursuant to the requirements of Section 62A-2-120 , that includes:
             538          (a) submitting the direct service worker's fingerprints for an FBI national criminal
             539      history records check, through the Criminal Investigations and Technical Services Division;
             540          (b) checking the child abuse and neglect registry in each state where the direct service
             541      worker resided in the five years immediately preceding the day on which the direct service
             542      worker applied to be a direct service worker; and
             543          (c) checking the child abuse and neglect registry in each state where each adult living
             544      in the home where the child will be placed resided in the five years immediately preceding the
             545      day on which the direct service worker applied to be a direct service worker.
             546          (6) The requirements under Subsection (5) do not apply to the extent that federal law or
             547      rule permits otherwise.
             548          Section 6. Section 78A-6-306 is amended to read:
             549           78A-6-306. Shelter hearing.
             550          (1) A shelter hearing shall be held within 72 hours excluding weekends and holidays
             551      after any one or all of the following occur:
             552          (a) removal of the child from the child's home by the division;


             553          (b) placement of the child in the protective custody of the division;
             554          (c) emergency placement under Subsection 62A-4a-202.1 (4);
             555          (d) as an alternative to removal of the child, a parent enters a domestic violence shelter
             556      at the request of the division; or
             557          (e) a "Motion for Expedited Placement in Temporary Custody" is filed under
             558      Subsection 78A-6-106 (4).
             559          (2) Upon the occurrence of any of the circumstances described in Subsections (1)(a)
             560      through (e), the division shall issue a notice that contains all of the following:
             561          (a) the name and address of the person to whom the notice is directed;
             562          (b) the date, time, and place of the shelter hearing;
             563          (c) the name of the child on whose behalf a petition is being brought;
             564          (d) a concise statement regarding:
             565          (i) the reasons for removal or other action of the division under Subsection (1); and
             566          (ii) the allegations and code sections under which the proceeding has been instituted;
             567          (e) a statement that the parent or guardian to whom notice is given, and the child, are
             568      entitled to have an attorney present at the shelter hearing, and that if the parent or guardian is
             569      indigent and cannot afford an attorney, and desires to be represented by an attorney, one will be
             570      provided; and
             571          (f) a statement that the parent or guardian is liable for the cost of support of the child in
             572      the protective custody, temporary custody, and custody of the division, and the cost for legal
             573      counsel appointed for the parent or guardian under Subsection (2)(e), according to the financial
             574      ability of the parent or guardian.
             575          (3) The notice described in Subsection (2) shall be personally served as soon as
             576      possible, but no later than one business day after removal of the child from the child's home, or
             577      the filing of a "Motion for Expedited Placement in Temporary Custody" under Subsection
             578      78A-6-106 (4), on:
             579          (a) the appropriate guardian ad litem; and
             580          (b) both parents and any guardian of the child, unless the parents or guardians cannot
             581      be located.
             582          (4) The following persons shall be present at the shelter hearing:
             583          (a) the child, unless it would be detrimental for the child;


             584          (b) the child's parents or guardian, unless the parents or guardian cannot be located, or
             585      fail to appear in response to the notice;
             586          (c) counsel for the parents, if one is requested;
             587          (d) the child's guardian ad litem;
             588          (e) the caseworker from the division who is assigned to the case; and
             589          (f) the attorney from the attorney general's office who is representing the division.
             590          (5) (a) At the shelter hearing, the court shall:
             591          (i) provide an opportunity to provide relevant testimony to:
             592          (A) the child's parent or guardian, if present; and
             593          (B) any other person having relevant knowledge; and
             594          (ii) subject to Section 78A-6-305 , provide an opportunity for the child to testify.
             595          (b) The court:
             596          (i) may consider all relevant evidence, in accordance with the Utah Rules of Juvenile
             597      Procedure;
             598          (ii) shall hear relevant evidence presented by the child, the child's parent or guardian,
             599      the requesting party, or their counsel; and
             600          (iii) may in its discretion limit testimony and evidence to only that which goes to the
             601      issues of removal and the child's need for continued protection.
             602          (6) If the child is in the protective custody of the division, the division shall report to
             603      the court:
             604          (a) the reason why the child was removed from the parent's or guardian's custody;
             605          (b) any services provided to the child and the child's family in an effort to prevent
             606      removal;
             607          (c) the need, if any, for continued shelter;
             608          (d) the available services that could facilitate the return of the child to the custody of
             609      the child's parent or guardian; and
             610          (e) subject to [Subsection] Subsections 78A-6-307 [(8)(c)] (18)(c) through (e) , whether
             611      any relatives of the child or friends of the child's parents may be able and willing to [take
             612      temporary custody] accept temporary placement of the child.
             613          (7) The court shall consider all relevant evidence provided by persons or entities
             614      authorized to present relevant evidence pursuant to this section.


             615          (8) (a) If necessary to protect the child, preserve the rights of a party, or for other good
             616      cause shown, the court may grant no more than one continuance, not to exceed five judicial
             617      days.
             618          (b) A court shall honor, as nearly as practicable, the request by a parent or guardian for
             619      a continuance under Subsection (8)(a).
             620          (9) (a) If the child is in the protective custody of the division, the court shall order that
             621      the child be released from the protective custody of the division unless it finds, by a
             622      preponderance of the evidence, that any one of the following exist:
             623          (i) subject to Subsection (9)(b)(i), there is a substantial danger to the physical health or
             624      safety of the child and the child's physical health or safety may not be protected without
             625      removing the child from the custody of the child's parent;
             626          (ii) (A) the child is suffering emotional damage; and
             627          (B) there are no reasonable means available by which the child's emotional health may
             628      be protected without removing the child from the custody of the child's parent;
             629          (iii) there is a substantial risk that the child will suffer abuse or neglect if the child is
             630      not removed from the custody of the child's parents;
             631          (iv) subject to Subsection (9)(b)(ii), the child or a minor residing in the same
             632      household has been physically or sexually abused, or is considered to be at substantial risk of
             633      being physically or sexually abused, by a:
             634          (A) parent;
             635          (B) member of the parent's household; or
             636          (C) person known to the parent;
             637          (v) the parent is unwilling to have physical custody of the child;
             638          (vi) the child is without any provision for the child's support;
             639          (vii) a parent who is incarcerated or institutionalized has not or cannot arrange for safe
             640      and appropriate care for the child;
             641          (viii) (A) a relative or other adult custodian with whom the child is left by the parent is
             642      unwilling or unable to provide care or support for the child;
             643          (B) the whereabouts of the parent are unknown; and
             644          (C) reasonable efforts to locate the parent are unsuccessful;
             645          (ix) the child is in urgent need of medical care;


             646          (x) the physical environment or the fact that the child is left unattended beyond a
             647      reasonable period of time poses a threat to the child's health or safety;
             648          (xi) the child or a minor residing in the same household has been neglected;
             649          (xii) the parent, or an adult residing in the same household as the parent, is charged or
             650      arrested pursuant to Title 58, Chapter 37d, Clandestine Drug Lab Act, and any clandestine
             651      laboratory operation was located in the residence or on the property where the child resided; or
             652          (xiii) the child's welfare is substantially endangered.
             653          (b) (i) Prima facie evidence of the finding described in Subsection (9)(a)(i) is
             654      established if:
             655          (A) a court previously adjudicated that the child suffered abuse, neglect, or dependency
             656      involving the parent; and
             657          (B) a subsequent incident of abuse, neglect, or dependency involving the parent occurs.
             658          (ii) For purposes of Subsection (9)(a)(iv), if the court finds that the parent knowingly
             659      allowed the child to be in the physical care of a person after the parent received actual notice
             660      that the person physically or sexually abused the child, that fact constitutes prima facie
             661      evidence that there is a substantial risk that the child will be physically or sexually abused.
             662          (10) (a) (i) The court shall also make a determination on the record as to whether
             663      reasonable efforts were made to prevent or eliminate the need for removal of the child from the
             664      child's home and whether there are available services that would prevent the need for continued
             665      removal.
             666          (ii) If the court finds that the child can be safely returned to the custody of the child's
             667      parent or guardian through the provision of those services, the court shall place the child with
             668      the child's parent or guardian and order that those services be provided by the division.
             669          (b) In making the determination described in Subsection (10)(a), and in ordering and
             670      providing services, the child's health, safety, and welfare shall be the paramount concern, in
             671      accordance with federal law.
             672          (11) Where the division's first contact with the family occurred during an emergency
             673      situation in which the child could not safely remain at home, the court shall make a finding that
             674      any lack of preplacement preventive efforts was appropriate.
             675          (12) In cases where actual sexual abuse or abandonment, or serious physical abuse or
             676      neglect are involved, neither the division nor the court has any duty to make "reasonable


             677      efforts" or to, in any other way, attempt to maintain a child in the child's home, return a child to
             678      the child's home, provide reunification services, or attempt to rehabilitate the offending parent
             679      or parents.
             680          (13) The court may not order continued removal of a child solely on the basis of
             681      educational neglect as described in Subsection 78A-6-105 (21)(b).
             682          (14) (a) Whenever a court orders continued removal of a child under this section, the
             683      court shall state the facts on which that decision is based.
             684          (b) If no continued removal is ordered and the child is returned home, the court shall
             685      state the facts on which that decision is based.
             686          (15) If the court finds that continued removal and temporary custody are necessary for
             687      the protection of a child because harm may result to the child if the child were returned home,
             688      the court shall order continued removal regardless of:
             689          (a) any error in the initial removal of the child;
             690          (b) the failure of a party to comply with notice provisions; or
             691          (c) any other procedural requirement of this chapter or Title 62A, Chapter 4a, Child
             692      and Family Services.
             693          Section 7. Section 78A-6-307 is amended to read:
             694           78A-6-307. Shelter hearing -- Placement -- DCFS custody.
             695          (1) As used in this section:
             696          (a) (i) "Natural parent," notwithstanding the provisions of Section 78A-6-105 , means:
             697          (A) a biological or adoptive mother;
             698          (B) an adoptive father; or
             699          (C) a biological father who:
             700          (I) was married to the child's biological mother at the time the child was conceived or
             701      born; or
             702          (II) has strictly complied with the provisions of Sections 78B-6-120 through
             703      78B-6-122 , prior to removal of the child or voluntary surrender of the child by the custodial
             704      parent.
             705          (ii) The definition of natural parent described in Subsection (1)(a)(i) applies regardless
             706      of whether the child has been or will be placed with adoptive parents or whether adoption has
             707      been or will be considered as a long term goal for the child.


             708          (b) "Relative" means:
             709          (i) an adult who is a grandparent, great grandparent, aunt, great aunt, uncle, great uncle,
             710      brother-in-law, sister-in-law, stepparent, first cousin, stepsibling, or sibling of a child; and
             711          (ii) in the case of a child defined as an "Indian" under the Indian Child Welfare Act, 25
             712      U.S.C. Sec. 1903, "relative" also means an "extended family member" as defined by that
             713      statute.
             714          [(1)] (2) (a) At the shelter hearing, when the court orders that a child be removed from
             715      the custody of the child's parent in accordance with the requirements of Section 78A-6-306 , the
             716      court shall first determine whether there is another natural parent [as defined in Subsection
             717      (1)(b),] with whom the child was not residing at the time the events or conditions that brought
             718      the child within the court's jurisdiction occurred, who desires to assume custody of the child.
             719          (b) If [that] another natural parent requests custody under Subsection (2)(a), the court
             720      shall place the child with that parent unless it finds that the placement would be unsafe or
             721      otherwise detrimental to the child.
             722          (c) The provisions of this Subsection [(1)] (2) are limited by the provisions of
             723      Subsection [(8)] (18)(b).
             724          [(b) Notwithstanding the provisions of Section 78A-6-105 , for purposes of this section
             725      "natural parent" includes only a biological or adoptive mother, an adoptive father, or a
             726      biological father who was married to the child's biological mother at the time the child was
             727      conceived or born, or who has strictly complied with the provisions of Sections 78B-6-120
             728      through 78B-6-122 prior to removal of the child or voluntary surrender of the child by the
             729      custodial parent. This definition applies regardless of whether the child has been or will be
             730      placed with adoptive parents or whether adoption has been or will be considered as a long term
             731      goal for the child.]
             732          [(c)] (d) (i) The court shall make a specific finding regarding the fitness of [that] the
             733      parent described in Subsection (2)(b) to assume custody, and the safety and appropriateness of
             734      the placement.
             735          (ii) The court shall, at a minimum, order the division to visit the parent's home,
             736      [perform] comply with the criminal background [checks] check provisions described in
             737      [Sections] Section 78A-6-308 [and 62A-4a-202.4 ], and check the division's management
             738      information system for any previous reports of abuse or neglect received by the division


             739      regarding the parent at issue.
             740          (iii) The court may order the [Division of Child and Family Services] division to
             741      conduct any further investigation regarding the safety and appropriateness of the placement.
             742          (iv) The division shall report its findings in writing to the court.
             743          (v) The court may place the child in the temporary custody of the division, pending its
             744      determination regarding that placement.
             745          [(2)] (3) If the court orders placement with a parent under Subsection [(1),](2):
             746          (a) the child and the parent are under the continuing jurisdiction of the court[. The];
             747          (b) the court may order:
             748          (i) that the parent assume custody subject to the supervision of the court[,]; and [order]
             749          (ii) that services be provided to the parent from whose custody the child was removed,
             750      the parent who has assumed custody, or both[. The]; and
             751          (c) the court shall [also provide for] order reasonable parent-time with the parent from
             752      whose custody the child was removed, unless parent-time is not in the best interest of the child.
             753      [The court's order shall be periodically reviewed]
             754          (4) The court shall periodically review an order described in Subsection (3) to
             755      determine whether:
             756          (a) placement with the parent continues to be in the child's best interest;
             757          (b) the child should be returned to the original custodial parent;
             758          (c) the child should be placed [with] in the custody of a relative, pursuant to
             759      [Subsection (5)] Subsections (7) through (12); or
             760          (d) the child should be placed in the custody of the division.
             761          [(3)] (5) The time limitations described in Section 78A-6-312 with regard to
             762      reunification efforts, apply to children placed with a previously noncustodial parent in
             763      accordance with Subsection [(1)] (2).
             764          [(4)] (6) Legal custody of the child is not affected by an order entered under Subsection
             765      [(1) or] (2) or (3). In order to affect a previous court order regarding legal custody, the party
             766      must petition that court for modification of the order.
             767          [(5) (a) (i)] (7) If, at the time of the shelter hearing, a child is removed from the custody
             768      of the child's parent and is not placed in the custody of [his] the child's other parent, the court:
             769          (a) shall, at that time, determine whether, subject to [Subsection (8)(c)] Subsections


             770      (18)(c) through (e), there is a relative of the child or a friend of a parent of the child who is able
             771      and willing to care for the child[.];
             772          [(ii) The court] (b) may order the [Division of Child and Family Services] division to
             773      conduct a reasonable search to determine whether, subject to [Subsection (8)(c)] Subsections
             774      (18)(c) through (e), there are relatives of the child or friends of a parent of the child who are
             775      willing and appropriate, in accordance with the requirements of this part and Title 62A,
             776      Chapter 4a, Part 2, Child Welfare Services, for placement of the child[. The court];
             777          (c) shall order the parents to cooperate with the division, within five working days, to,
             778      subject to [Subsection (8)(c)] Subsections (18)(c) through (e), provide information regarding
             779      relatives of the child or friends who may be able and willing to care for the child[.]; and
             780          [(iii) The child] (d) may order that the child be placed in the [temporary] custody of
             781      the division pending the determination under Subsection [(5)(a)(ii)] (7)(a).
             782          [(iv)] (8) This section may not be construed as a guarantee that an identified relative or
             783      friend will receive custody of the child. [However, subject to Subsection (8)(c),]
             784          (9) Subject to Subsections (18)(c) through (e), preferential consideration shall be given
             785      to a relative's or a friend's request for placement of the child, if it is in the best interest of the
             786      child, and the provisions of this section are satisfied.
             787          [(b) (i)] (10) (a) If a willing relative or friend is identified [pursuant to] under
             788      Subsection [(5)] (7)(a), the court shall make a specific finding regarding:
             789          (i) the fitness of that relative or friend [to assume custody,] as a placement for the
             790      child; and
             791          (ii) the safety and appropriateness of placement with that relative or friend.
             792          (b) In order to be considered a "willing relative or friend" under this section, the
             793      relative or friend shall be willing to cooperate [if] with the child's permanency goal [is
             794      reunification with his parent or parents, and be willing to adopt or take permanent custody of
             795      the child if that is determined to be in the best interest of the child].
             796          [(ii) The] (11) (a) In making the finding described in Subsection (10)(a), the court
             797      shall, at a minimum, order the division to [conduct criminal background checks described in
             798      Sections 78A-6-308 and 62A-4a-202.4 ,]:
             799          (i) if the child may be placed with a relative of the child, conduct a background check
             800      that includes:


             801          (A) completion of a nonfingerprint-based, Utah Bureau of Criminal Identification
             802      background check of the relative;
             803          (B) a completed search, relating to the relative, of the Management Information System
             804      described in Section 62A-4a-1003 ; and
             805          (C) a background check that complies with the criminal background check provisions
             806      described in Section 78A-6-308 , of each nonrelative, as defined in Subsection
             807      62A-4a-209 (1)(a), of the child who resides in the household where the child may be placed;
             808          (ii) if the child will be placed with a noncustodial parent of the child, complete a
             809      background check that includes:
             810          (A) the background check requirements applicable to an emergency placement with a
             811      noncustodial parent that are described in Subsections 62A-4a-209 (5) and (7);
             812          (B) a completed search, relating to the noncustodial parent of the child, of the
             813      Management Information System described in Section 62A-4a-1003 ; and
             814          (C) a background check that complies with the criminal background check provisions
             815      described in Section 78A-6-308 , of each nonrelative, as defined in Subsection
             816      62A-4a-209 (1)(a), of the child who resides in the household where the child may be placed;
             817          (iii) if the child may be placed with an individual other than a noncustodial parent or a
             818      relative of the child, conduct a criminal background check of the individual, and each adult that
             819      resides in the household where the child may be placed, that complies with the criminal
             820      background check provisions described in Section 78A-6-308 ;
             821          (iv) visit the relative's or friend's home[,];
             822          (v) check the division's management information system for any previous reports of
             823      abuse or neglect regarding the relative or friend at issue[,];
             824          (vi) report [its] the division's findings in writing to the court[,]; and
             825          (vii) provide sufficient information so that the court may determine whether:
             826          (A) the relative or friend has any history of abusive or neglectful behavior toward other
             827      children that may indicate or present a danger to this child;
             828          (B) the child is comfortable with the relative or friend;
             829          (C) the relative or friend recognizes the parent's history of abuse and is [determined]
             830      committed to protect the child;
             831          (D) the relative or friend is strong enough to resist inappropriate requests by the parent


             832      for access to the child, in accordance with court orders;
             833          (E) the relative or friend is committed to caring for the child as long as necessary; and
             834          (F) the relative or friend can provide a secure and stable environment for the child.
             835          [(iii)] (b) The division may determine to conduct, or the court may order the [Division
             836      of Child and Family Services] division to conduct, any further investigation regarding the
             837      safety and appropriateness of the placement.
             838          [(iv)] (c) The division shall complete and file its assessment regarding placement with
             839      a relative or friend as soon as practicable, in an effort to facilitate placement of the child with a
             840      relative or friend.
             841          [(c)] (12) (a) The court may place [the] a child described in Subsection (2)(a) in the
             842      temporary custody of the division, pending the division's investigation pursuant to [Subsection
             843      (5)(b)] Subsections (10) and (11), and the court's determination regarding the appropriateness
             844      of that placement.
             845          (b) The court shall ultimately base its determination regarding the appropriateness of a
             846      placement with a relative or friend on the best interest of the child.
             847          [(d) For purposes of this section, "relative" means an adult who is a grandparent, great
             848      grandparent, aunt, great aunt, uncle, great uncle, brother-in-law, sister-in-law, stepparent, first
             849      cousin, stepsibling, or sibling of the child. In the case of a child defined as an "Indian" under
             850      the Indian Child Welfare Act, 25 U.S.C. Section 1903, "relative" also means an "extended
             851      family member" as defined by that statute.]
             852          [(6) (a)] (13) When the court [vests physical] awards custody and guardianship of a
             853      child with a relative or friend [pursuant to Subsection (5), it]:
             854          (a) the court shall order that:
             855          (i) the relative or friend assume custody, subject to the continuing supervision of the
             856      court[,]; and [shall order that]
             857          (ii) any necessary services be provided to the child and the relative or friend[. That
             858      child is not within the temporary custody or custody of the Division of Child and Family
             859      Services. The];
             860          (b) the child and any relative or friend with whom the child is placed are under the
             861      continuing jurisdiction of the court[. The];
             862          (c) the court may enter any order that it considers necessary for the protection and best


             863      interest of the child[. The];
             864          (d) the court shall provide for reasonable parent-time with the parent or parents from
             865      whose custody the child was removed, unless parent-time is not in the best interest of the
             866      child[.]; and
             867          [(b) (i) Placement with a relative or friend pursuant to Subsection (5) shall be
             868      periodically reviewed by the court,]
             869          (e) the court shall conduct a periodic review no less often than every six months, to
             870      determine whether:
             871          [(A)] (i) placement with the relative or friend continues to be in the child's best
             872      interest;
             873          [(B)] (ii) the child should be returned home; or
             874          [(C)] (iii) the child should be placed in the custody of the division.
             875          [(ii)] (14) No later than 12 months after placement with a relative or friend, the court
             876      shall schedule a hearing for the purpose of entering a permanent order in accordance with the
             877      best interest of the child.
             878          [(iii)] (15) The time limitations described in Section 78A-6-312 , with regard to
             879      reunification efforts, apply to children placed with a relative or friend pursuant to Subsection
             880      [(5)] (7).
             881          (16) (a) If the court awards custody of a child to the division, and the division places
             882      the child with a relative, the division shall:
             883          (i) conduct a criminal background check of the relative that complies with the criminal
             884      background check provisions described in Section 78A-6-308 ; and
             885          (ii) if the results of the criminal background check described in Subsection (16)(a)(i)
             886      would prohibit the relative from having direct access to the child under Section 62A-2-120 , the
             887      division shall:
             888          (A) take the child into physical custody; and
             889          (B) within three days, excluding weekends and holidays, after taking the child into
             890      physical custody under Subsection (16)(a)(ii)(A), give written notice to the court, and all
             891      parties to the proceedings, of the division's action.
             892          (b) Nothing in Subsection (16)(a) prohibits the division from placing a child with a
             893      relative, pending the results of the background check described in Subsection (16)(a) on the


             894      relative.
             895          [(7)] (17) When the court orders that a child be removed from the custody of the child's
             896      parent and does not [vest custody in] award custody and guardianship to another parent,
             897      relative, or friend under this section, the court shall order that the child be placed in the
             898      temporary custody of the Division of Child and Family Services, to proceed to adjudication and
             899      disposition and to be provided with care and services in accordance with this chapter and Title
             900      62A, Chapter 4a, Child and Family Services.
             901          [(8)] (18) (a) Any preferential consideration that a relative or friend is initially granted
             902      pursuant to Subsection [(5)] (9) expires 120 days from the date of the shelter hearing. After
             903      that time period has expired, a relative or friend who has not obtained custody or asserted an
             904      interest in a child, may not be granted preferential consideration by the division or the court.
             905          (b) When the time period described in Subsection [(8)] (18)(a) has expired, the
             906      preferential consideration which is initially granted to a natural parent in accordance with
             907      Subsection [(1)] (2), is limited. After that time the court shall base its custody decision on the
             908      best interest of the child.
             909          (c) [(i)] Prior to the expiration of the 120-day period described in Subsection [(8)]
             910      (18)(a), the following order of preference shall be applied when determining the person with
             911      whom a child will be placed, provided that the person is willing, and has the ability, to care for
             912      the child:
             913          [(A)] (i) a noncustodial parent of the child;
             914          [(B)] (ii) a relative of the child;
             915          [(C)] (iii) subject to Subsection [(8)(c)(ii)] (18)(d), a friend of a parent of the child, if
             916      the friend is a licensed foster parent; and
             917          [(D)] (iv) other placements that are consistent with the requirements of law.
             918          [(ii)] (d) In determining whether a friend is a willing and appropriate placement for a
             919      child, neither the court, nor the division, is required to consider more than one friend
             920      designated by each parent of the child.
             921          [(iii)] (e) If a parent of the child is not able to designate a friend who is a licensed
             922      foster parent for placement of the child, but is able to identify a friend who is willing to become
             923      licensed as a foster parent:
             924          [(A)] (i) the department shall fully cooperate to expedite the licensing process for the


             925      friend; and
             926          [(B)] (ii) if the friend becomes licensed as a foster parent within the time frame
             927      described in Subsection [(8)] (18)(a), the court shall determine whether it is in the best interests
             928      of the child to place the child [in the physical custody of] with the friend.
             929          [(9)] (19) If, following the shelter hearing, the child is placed with a person who is not
             930      a parent of the child, a relative of the child, a friend of a parent of the child, or a former foster
             931      parent of the child, priority shall be given to a foster placement with a man and a woman who
             932      are married to each other, unless it is in the best interests of the child to place the child with a
             933      single foster parent.
             934          [(10)] (20) In determining the placement of a child, neither the court, nor the [Division
             935      of Child and Family Services] division, may take into account, or discriminate against, the
             936      religion of a person with whom the child may be placed, unless the purpose of taking religion
             937      into account is to place the child with a person or family of the same religion as the child.
             938          Section 8. Section 78A-6-307.5 is enacted to read:
             939          78A-6-307.5. Post-shelter hearing placement of a child who is in division custody.
             940          (1) If the court awards custody of a child to the division under Section 78A-6-307 , or
             941      as otherwise permitted by law, the division shall determine ongoing placement of the child.
             942          (2) In placing a child under Subsection (1), the division:
             943          (a) except as provided in Subsections (2)(b) and (d), shall comply with the applicable
             944      background check provisions described in Section 78A-6-307 ;
             945          (b) is not required to receive approval from the court prior to making the placement;
             946          (c) shall, within three days, excluding weekends and holidays, after making the
             947      placement, give written notice to the court, and all parties to the proceedings, that the
             948      placement has been made; and
             949          (d) may place the child with a noncustodial parent or relative of the child, using the
             950      same criteria established for an emergency placement under Section 62A-4a-209 , pending the
             951      results of:
             952          (i) the background check described in Subsection 78A-6-307 (16)(a); and
             953          (ii) evaluation with the noncustodial parent or relative to determine the noncustodial
             954      parent's or relative's capacity to provide ongoing care to the child.
             955          Section 9. Section 78A-6-308 is amended to read:


             956           78A-6-308. Criminal background checks necessary prior to out-of-home
             957      placement.
             958          (1) [Upon] Subject to Subsection (3), upon ordering removal of a child from the
             959      custody of the child's parent and placing that child in the custody of the Division of Child and
             960      Family Services, prior to the division's placement of that child in out-of-home care, the court
             961      shall require the completion of a nonfingerprint background check by the Utah Bureau of
             962      Criminal Identification regarding the proposed placement.
             963          (2) (a) [The Division of Child and Family Services] Except as provided in Subsection
             964      (4), the division and the Office of the Guardian ad Litem Director may request, or the court
             965      upon its own motion may order, the Department of Public Safety to conduct a complete Federal
             966      Bureau of Investigation criminal background check through the national criminal history
             967      system (NCIC).
             968          (b) [Upon request by the Division of Child and Family Services] Except as provided in
             969      Subsection (4), upon request by the division or the Office of the Guardian ad Litem Director, or
             970      upon the court's order, persons subject to the requirements of Subsection (1) shall submit
             971      fingerprints and shall be subject to an FBI fingerprint background check. The child may be
             972      temporarily placed, pending the outcome of that background check.
             973          (c) The cost of those investigations shall be borne by whoever is to receive placement
             974      of the child, except that the Division of Child and Family Services may pay all or part of the
             975      cost of those investigations [if the person with whom the child is to be placed is unable to pay].
             976          (3) [Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, except as otherwise permitted
             977      by federal law or rule] Except as provided in Subsection (5), a child who is in the legal custody
             978      of the state may not be placed with a prospective foster parent or a prospective adoptive parent,
             979      unless, before the child is placed with the prospective foster parent or the prospective adoptive
             980      parent:
             981          (a) a fingerprint based FBI national criminal history records check is conducted on the
             982      prospective foster parent or prospective adoptive parent [and each adult living in the home of
             983      the prospective foster parent or prospective adoptive parent];
             984          (b) the Department of Human Services conducts a check of the child abuse and neglect
             985      registry in each state where the prospective foster parent or prospective adoptive parent resided
             986      in the five years immediately preceding the day on which the prospective foster parent or


             987      prospective adoptive parent applied to be a foster parent or adoptive parent, to determine
             988      whether the prospective foster parent or prospective adoptive parent is listed in the registry as
             989      having a substantiated or supported finding of a severe type of child abuse or neglect as defined
             990      in Section 62A-4a-1002 ;
             991          (c) the Department of Human Services conducts a check of the child abuse and neglect
             992      registry of each state where each adult living in the home of the prospective foster parent or
             993      prospective adoptive parent described in Subsection (3)(b) resided in the five years
             994      immediately preceding the day on which the prospective foster parent or prospective adoptive
             995      parent applied to be a foster parent or adoptive parent, to determine whether the adult is listed
             996      in the registry as having a substantiated or supported finding of a severe type of child abuse or
             997      neglect as defined in Section 62A-4a-1002 ; and
             998          (d) each person required to undergo a background check described in this Subsection
             999      (3) passes the background check, pursuant to the provisions of Section 62A-2-120 .
             1000          (4) Subsections (2)(a) and (b) do not apply to a child who is placed with a noncustodial
             1001      parent or relative under Section 62A-4a-209 , 78A-6-307 , or 78A-6-307.5 , unless the court
             1002      finds that compliance with Subsection (2)(a) or (b) is necessary to ensure the safety of the
             1003      child.
             1004          (5) The requirements under Subsection (3) do not apply to the extent that:
             1005          (a) federal law or rule permits otherwise; or
             1006          (b) the requirements would prohibit the division or a court from placing a child with:
             1007          (i) a noncustodial parent, under Section 62A-4a-209 , 78A-6-307 , or 78A-6-307.5 ; or
             1008          (ii) a relative, under Section 62A-4a-209 , 78A-6-307 , or 78A-6-307.5 , pending
             1009      completion of the background check described in Subsection (3).
             1010          Section 10. Section 78A-6-318 is amended to read:
             1011           78A-6-318. Review of foster care removal -- Foster parent's standing.
             1012          (1) With regard to a child in the custody of the Division of Child and Family Services
             1013      who is the subject of a petition alleging abuse, neglect, or dependency, and who has been
             1014      placed in foster care with a foster family, the Legislature finds that:
             1015          (a) except with regard to the child's natural parents, a foster family has a very limited
             1016      but recognized interest in its familial relationship with the child; and
             1017          (b) children in the custody of the division are experiencing multiple changes in foster


             1018      care placements with little or no documentation, and that numerous studies of child growth and
             1019      development emphasize the importance of stability in foster care living arrangements.
             1020          (2) For the reasons described in Subsection (1), the Legislature finds that, except with
             1021      regard to the child's natural parents, procedural due process protections must be provided to a
             1022      foster family prior to removal of a foster child from [their] the foster home.
             1023          (3) (a) A foster parent who has had a foster child in [his custody] the foster parent's
             1024      home for 12 months or longer may petition the juvenile court for a review and determination of
             1025      the appropriateness of a decision by the Division of Child and Family Services to remove the
             1026      child from the [child's] foster home, unless the removal was for the purpose of:
             1027          (i) returning the child to the child's natural parent or legal guardian;
             1028          (ii) immediately placing the child in an approved adoptive home;
             1029          (iii) placing the child with a relative, as defined in Subsection 78A-6-307 [(5)(d)](1)(b),
             1030      who obtained custody or asserted an interest in the child within the preference period described
             1031      in Subsection 78A-6-307 [(8)](18)(a); or
             1032          (iv) placing an Indian child in accordance with preplacement preferences and other
             1033      requirements described in the Indian Child Welfare Act, 25 U.S.C. Sec. 1915.
             1034          (b) The foster parent may petition the court under this section without exhausting
             1035      administrative remedies within the division.
             1036          (c) The court may order the division to place the child in a specified home, and shall
             1037      base its determination on the best interest of the child.
             1038          (4) The requirements of this section do not apply to the removal of a child based on a
             1039      foster parent's request for that removal.
             1040          Section 11. Section 78B-6-113 is amended to read:
             1041           78B-6-113. Prospective parent not a resident -- Preplacement requirements.
             1042          (1) When an adoption petition is to be finalized in this state with regard to any
             1043      prospective adoptive parent who is not a resident of this state at the time a child is placed in
             1044      that person's home, the potential adoptive parent shall:
             1045          (a) comply with the provisions of Sections 78B-6-128 and 78B-6-130 ; and
             1046          (b) (i) if the child is in state custody, submit fingerprints for a Federal Bureau of
             1047      Investigation national criminal history record check through the Criminal and Technical
             1048      Services Division of the Department of Public Safety in accordance with the provisions of


             1049      Section 62A-2-120 ; or
             1050          (ii) subject to Subsection (2), if the child is not in state custody:
             1051          (A) submit fingerprints for a Federal Bureau of Investigation national criminal history
             1052      records check as a personal records check; or
             1053          (B) complete a criminal records check and child abuse database check for each state
             1054      and, if available, country, where the potential adoptive parent resided during the five years
             1055      immediately preceding the day on which the adoption petition is to be finalized.
             1056          (2) For purposes of Subsection (1)(b)(ii):
             1057          (a) if the adoption is being handled by a human services program, as defined in Section
             1058      62A-2-101 :
             1059          (i) the criminal history check described in Subsection (1)(b)(ii)(A) shall be submitted
             1060      in accordance with procedures established by the Criminal Investigations and Technical
             1061      Services Division of the Department of Public Safety; and
             1062          (ii) subject to Subsection (3), the criminal history check described in Subsection
             1063      (1)(b)(ii)(B) shall be submitted in a manner acceptable to the court that will:
             1064          (A) preserve the chain of custody of the results; and
             1065          (B) not permit tampering with the results by a prospective adoptive parent or other
             1066      interested party; and
             1067          (b) if the adoption is being handled by a private attorney, and not a human services
             1068      program, the criminal history checks described in Subsection (1)(b)(ii), shall be:
             1069          (i) submitted in accordance with procedures established by the Criminal Investigations
             1070      and Technical Services Division of the Department of Public Safety; or
             1071          (ii) subject to Subsection (3), submitted in a manner acceptable to the court that will:
             1072          (A) preserve the chain of custody of the results; and
             1073          (B) not permit tampering with the results by a prospective adoptive parent or other
             1074      interested party.
             1075          (3) In order to comply with Subsection (2)(a)(ii) of (b)(ii), the manner in which the
             1076      criminal history check is submitted shall be approved by the court.
             1077          (4) [In] Except as provided in Subsection 78B-6-131 (2), in addition to the other
             1078      requirements of this section, before a child in state custody is placed with a prospective foster
             1079      parent or a prospective adoptive parent, the Department of Human Services shall comply with


             1080      Section 78B-6-131 .
             1081          Section 12. Section 78B-6-131 is amended to read:
             1082           78B-6-131. Child in custody of state -- Placement.
             1083          (1) Notwithstanding [any other provision of this section, except as otherwise permitted
             1084      by federal law or rule] Sections 78B-6-128 through 78B-6-130 , and except as provided in
             1085      Subsection (2), a child who is in the legal custody of the state may not be placed with a
             1086      prospective foster parent or a prospective adoptive parent, unless, before the child is placed
             1087      with the prospective foster parent or the prospective adoptive parent:
             1088          [(1)] (a) a fingerprint based FBI national criminal history records check is conducted
             1089      on the prospective foster parent or prospective adoptive parent [and each adult living in the
             1090      home of the prospective foster parent or prospective adoptive parent];
             1091          [(2)] (b) the Department of Human Services conducts a check of the child abuse and
             1092      neglect registry in each state where the prospective foster parent or prospective adoptive parent
             1093      resided in the five years immediately preceding the day on which the prospective foster parent
             1094      or prospective adoptive parent applied to be a foster parent or adoptive parent, to determine
             1095      whether the prospective foster parent or prospective adoptive parent is listed in the registry as
             1096      having a substantiated or supported finding of child abuse or neglect;
             1097          [(3)] (c) the Department of Human Services conducts a check of the child abuse and
             1098      neglect registry of each state where each adult living in the home of the prospective foster
             1099      parent or prospective adoptive parent described in Subsection [(2)] (1)(b) resided in the five
             1100      years immediately preceding the day on which the prospective foster parent or prospective
             1101      adoptive parent applied to be a foster parent or adoptive parent, to determine whether the adult
             1102      is listed in the registry as having a substantiated or supported finding of child abuse or neglect;
             1103      and
             1104          [(4)] (d) each person required to undergo a background check described in this section
             1105      passes the background check, pursuant to the provisions of Section 62A-2-120 .
             1106          (2) The requirements under Subsection (1) do not apply to the extent that:
             1107          (a) federal law or rule permits otherwise; or
             1108          (b) the requirements would prohibit the division or a court from placing a child with:
             1109          (i) a noncustodial parent, under Section 62A-4a-209 , 78A-6-307 , or 78A-6-307.5 ; or
             1110          (ii) a relative, under Section 62A-4a-209 , 78A-6-307 , or 78A-6-307.5 , pending


             1111      completion of the background check described in Subsection (1).
             1112          Section 13. Effective date.
             1113          If approved by two-thirds of all the members elected to each house, this bill takes effect
             1114      upon approval by the governor, or the day following the constitutional time limit of Utah
             1115      Constitution Article VII, Section 8, without the governor's signature, or in the case of a veto,
             1116      the date of veto override.


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