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First Substitute H.B. 46

Senator Carlene M. Walker proposes the following substitute bill:


             1     
ADOPTION AND TERMINATION OF

             2     
PARENTAL RIGHTS

             3     
2008 GENERAL SESSION

             4     
STATE OF UTAH

             5     
Chief Sponsor: Sheryl L. Allen

             6     
Senate Sponsor: Carlene M. Walker

             7     
             8      LONG TITLE
             9      General Description:
             10          This bill amends provisions of the Utah Health Code, the Utah Criminal Code, and the
             11      Judicial Code, relating to adoption and the termination of parental rights.
             12      Highlighted Provisions:
             13          This bill:
             14          .    defines terms;
             15          .    provides that a child-placing agency has a direct, tangible, and legitimate interest in
             16      the vital records of a child that has been placed with the agency pending finalization
             17      of an adoption;
             18          .    modifies and clarifies the definition of "adoption related expenses" that a person
             19      may pay or accept without committing the crime of "sale of a child";
             20          .    amends the offense of "sale of a child" to make it a third degree felony to offer to
             21      sell or dispose of a child, or to give, or attempt to give, money or another thing of
             22      value to a person with the intent to induce the person to sell or dispose of a child;
             23          .    makes incarceration for a felony a factor that a court must consider in determining
             24      whether a parent is unfit or has neglected a child, regardless of whether the child is
             25      in the custody of the Division of Child and Family Services;


             26          .    modifies requirements relating to taking consents and relinquishments for adoption;
             27          .    clarifies which code provisions must be complied with in order for a court to waive
             28      the requirement that adoptive parents and the child to be adopted appear before the
             29      court prior to entry of a final decree of adoption;
             30          .    requires a child-placing agency and a petitioner for adoption to comply with the
             31      Indian Child Welfare Act in an adoption proceeding involving an "Indian child";
             32      and
             33          .    makes technical changes.
             34      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             35          None
             36      Other Special Clauses:
             37          This bill coordinates with S.B. 111, Revisor's Statute, by providing technical
             38      amendments.
             39      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             40      AMENDS:
             41          26-2-22, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapters 55 and 56
             42          76-7-203, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2005, Chapter 137
             43          78A-6-508, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             44          78B-6-103, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             45          78B-6-105, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             46          78B-6-107, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             47          78B-6-124, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             48          78B-6-128, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             49          78B-6-129, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             50          78B-6-134, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             51          78B-6-136, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             52          78B-6-143, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             53          78B-6-144, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             54     
             55      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             56          Section 1. Section 26-2-22 is amended to read:


             57           26-2-22. Inspection of vital records.
             58          (1) (a) The vital records shall be open to inspection, but only in compliance with the
             59      provisions of this chapter, department rules, and Section [ 78-30-18 ] 78B-6-144 .
             60          (b) It is unlawful for any state or local officer or employee to disclose data contained in
             61      vital records contrary to this chapter or department rule.
             62          (c) A custodian of vital records may permit inspection of a vital record or issue a
             63      certified copy of a record or a part of a record when the custodian is satisfied that the applicant
             64      has demonstrated a direct, tangible, and legitimate interest.
             65          (2) A direct, tangible, and legitimate interest in a vital record is present only if:
             66          (a) the request is from:
             67          (i) the subject[,];
             68          (ii) a member of the subject's immediate family[,];
             69          (iii) the guardian of the subject[, or];
             70          (iv) a designated legal representative of the subject; or
             71          (v) a person, including a child-placing agency as defined in Section 78B-6-103 , with
             72      whom a child has been placed pending finalization of an adoption of the child;
             73          (b) the request involves a personal or property right of the subject of the record;
             74          (c) the request is for official purposes of a state, local, or federal governmental agency;
             75          (d) the request is for a statistical or medical research program and prior consent has
             76      been obtained from the state registrar; or
             77          (e) the request is a certified copy of an order of a court of record specifying the record
             78      to be examined or copied.
             79          (3) For purposes of Subsection (2):
             80          (a) "immediate family member" means a spouse, child, parent, sibling, grandparent, or
             81      grandchild;
             82          (b) a designated legal representative means an attorney, physician, funeral service
             83      director, genealogist, or other agent of the subject or the subject's immediate family who has
             84      been delegated the authority to access vital records;
             85          (c) except as provided in Title 78, Chapter 30, Adoption, a parent, or the immediate
             86      family member of a parent, who does not have legal or physical custody of or visitation or
             87      parent-time rights for a child because of the termination of parental rights pursuant to Title 78,


             88      Chapter 3a, Juvenile Court Act of 1996, or by virtue of consenting to or relinquishing a child
             89      for adoption pursuant to Title 78, Chapter 30, Adoption, may not be considered as having a
             90      direct, tangible, and legitimate interest; and
             91          (d) a commercial firm or agency requesting names, addresses, or similar information
             92      may not be considered as having a direct, tangible, and legitimate interest.
             93          (4) Upon payment of a fee established in accordance with Section 63-38-3.2 , the
             94      following records shall be available to the public:
             95          (a) except as provided in Subsection 26-2-10 (4)(b), a birth record, excluding
             96      confidential information collected for medical and health use, if 100 years or more have passed
             97      since the date of birth;
             98          (b) a death record if 50 years or more have passed since the date of death; and
             99          (c) a vital record not subject to Subsection (4)(a) or (b) if 75 years or more have passed
             100      since the date of the event upon which the record is based.
             101          Section 2. Section 76-7-203 is amended to read:
             102           76-7-203. Sale of child -- Felony -- Payment of adoption related expenses.
             103          (1) For purposes of this section:
             104          (a) "[adoption] Adoption related expenses" means expenses that:
             105          (i) are reasonably related to the adoption of a child;
             106          (ii) are incurred for a reasonable amount; and
             107          (iii) may include expenses:
             108          (A) of the mother or father of the child being adopted, including:
             109          (I) legal expenses;
             110          (II) maternity expenses;
             111          (III) medical expenses;
             112          (IV) hospital expenses;
             113          (V) counseling expenses;
             114          (VI) temporary living expenses during the pregnancy or confinement of the mother; or
             115          (VII) expenses for travel between the mother's or father's home and the location where
             116      the child will be born or placed for adoption; [or]
             117          (B) of a directly affected person for:
             118          (I) travel between the directly affected person's home and the location where the child


             119      will be born or placed for adoption; or
             120          (II) temporary living expenses during the pregnancy or confinement of the mother;
             121      [and] or
             122          (C) other than those included in Subsection (1)(a)(iii)(A) or (B), that are not made for
             123      the purpose of inducing the mother, parent, or legal guardian of a child to:
             124          (I) place the child for adoption;
             125          (II) consent to an adoption; or
             126          (III) cooperate in the completion of an adoption.
             127          (b) "[directly] Directly affected person" means a person who is:
             128          (i) a parent or guardian of a minor when the minor is the mother or father of the child
             129      being adopted;
             130          (ii) a dependant of:
             131          (A) the mother or father of the child being adopted; or
             132          (B) the parent or guardian described in Subsection (1)(b)(i); or
             133          (iii) the spouse of the mother or father of the child being adopted.
             134          (2) Except as provided in Subsection (3), a person is guilty of a third degree felony if
             135      the person[,]:
             136          (a) while having custody, care, control, or possession of a child, sells, or disposes of
             137      the child, or attempts or offers to sell or dispose of[,] the child, for and in consideration of the
             138      payment of money or [other] another thing of value[.]; or
             139          (b) offers, gives, or attempts to give money or another thing of value to a person, with
             140      the intent to induce or encourage a person to violate Subsection (2)(a).
             141          (3) A person does not violate this section by paying or receiving payment for adoption
             142      related expenses, if:
             143          (a) the expenses are paid as an act of charity; and
             144          (b) [if] the payment is not made for the purpose of inducing the mother, parent, or legal
             145      guardian of a child to:
             146          (i) place the child for adoption;
             147          (ii) consent to an adoption; or
             148          (iii) cooperate in the completion of an adoption.
             149          Section 3. Section 78A-6-508 is amended to read:


             150           78A-6-508. Evidence of grounds for termination.
             151          (1) In determining whether a parent or parents have abandoned a child, it is prima facie
             152      evidence of abandonment that the parent or parents:
             153          (a) although having legal custody of the child, have surrendered physical custody of the
             154      child, and for a period of six months following the surrender have not manifested to the child
             155      or to the person having the physical custody of the child a firm intention to resume physical
             156      custody or to make arrangements for the care of the child;
             157          (b) have failed to communicate with the child by mail, telephone, or otherwise for six
             158      months;
             159          (c) failed to have shown the normal interest of a natural parent, without just cause; or
             160          (d) have abandoned an infant, as described in Subsection 78A-6-316 (1).
             161          (2) In determining whether a parent or parents are unfit or have neglected a child the
             162      court shall consider, but is not limited to, the following circumstances, conduct, or conditions:
             163          (a) emotional illness, mental illness, or mental deficiency of the parent that renders the
             164      parent unable to care for the immediate and continuing physical or emotional needs of the child
             165      for extended periods of time;
             166          (b) conduct toward a child of a physically, emotionally, or sexually cruel or abusive
             167      nature;
             168          (c) habitual or excessive use of intoxicating liquors, controlled substances, or
             169      dangerous drugs that render the parent unable to care for the child;
             170          (d) repeated or continuous failure to provide the child with adequate food, clothing,
             171      shelter, education, or other care necessary for the child's physical, mental, and emotional health
             172      and development by a parent or parents who are capable of providing that care;
             173          (e) [with regard to a child who is in the custody of the division, if] whether the parent
             174      is incarcerated as a result of conviction of a felony, and the sentence is of such length that the
             175      child will be deprived of a normal home for more than one year; or
             176          (f) a history of violent behavior.
             177          (3) A parent who, legitimately practicing the parent's religious beliefs, does not provide
             178      specified medical treatment for a child is not, for that reason alone, a negligent or unfit parent.
             179          (4) (a) Notwithstanding Subsection (2), a parent may not be considered neglectful or
             180      unfit because of a health care decision made for a child by the child's parent unless the state or


             181      other party to the proceeding shows, by clear and convincing evidence, that the health care
             182      decision is not reasonable and informed.
             183          (b) Nothing in Subsection (4)(a) may prohibit a parent from exercising the right to
             184      obtain a second health care opinion.
             185          (5) If a child has been placed in the custody of the division and the parent or parents
             186      fail to comply substantially with the terms and conditions of a plan within six months after the
             187      date on which the child was placed or the plan was commenced, whichever occurs later, that
             188      failure to comply is evidence of failure of parental adjustment.
             189          (6) The following circumstances constitute prima facie evidence of unfitness:
             190          (a) sexual abuse, injury, or death of a sibling of the child, or of any child, due to known
             191      or substantiated abuse or neglect by the parent or parents;
             192          (b) conviction of a crime, if the facts surrounding the crime are of such a nature as to
             193      indicate the unfitness of the parent to provide adequate care to the extent necessary for the
             194      child's physical, mental, or emotional health and development;
             195          (c) a single incident of life-threatening or gravely disabling injury to or disfigurement
             196      of the child; or
             197          (d) the parent has committed, aided, abetted, attempted, conspired, or solicited to
             198      commit murder or manslaughter of a child or child abuse homicide.
             199          Section 4. Section 78B-6-103 is amended to read:
             200           78B-6-103. Definitions.
             201          As used in this part:
             202          (1) "Adoptee" means a person who has been legally adopted.
             203          (2) "Adoption" means the judicial act which creates the relationship of parent and child
             204      where it did not previously exist and which permanently deprives a birth parent of parental
             205      rights.
             206          (3) "Adoption service provider" means a:
             207          (a) child-placing agency; or
             208          (b) licensed counselor who has at least one year of experience providing professional
             209      social work services to:
             210          (i) adoptive parents; or
             211          (ii) birth parents.


             212          (4) "Adult adoptee" means an adoptee who is 21 years of age or older.
             213          (5) "Adult sibling" means a brother or sister of the adoptee, who is 21 years of age or
             214      older and whose birth mother or father is the same as that of the adoptee.
             215          (6) "Birth parent" means a biological mother, a person whose paternity of a child is
             216      established, or an alleged father, who has been identified as the father of a child by the child's
             217      birth mother, and who has not denied paternity.
             218          (7) "Bureau" means the Bureau of Vital Statistics within the Department of Health
             219      operating under Title 26, Chapter 2, Utah Vital Statistics Act.
             220          (8) "Child-placing agency" means an agency licensed to place children for adoption
             221      under Title 62A, Chapter 4a, Part 6, Child Placing.
             222          (9) "Cohabiting" means residing with another person and being involved in a sexual
             223      relationship with that person.
             224          (10) "Division" means the Division of Child and Family Services, within the
             225      Department of Human Services, created in Section 62A-4a-103 .
             226          (11) "Extra-jurisdictional child-placing agency" means an agency licensed to place
             227      children for adoption by a district, territory, or state of the United States, other than Utah.
             228          [(11)] (12) "Genetic and social history" means a comprehensive report, when
             229      obtainable, on an adoptee's birth parents, aunts, uncles, and grandparents, which contains the
             230      following information:
             231          (a) medical history;
             232          (b) health status;
             233          (c) cause of and age at death;
             234          (d) height, weight, and eye and hair color;
             235          (e) ethnic origins;
             236          (f) where appropriate, levels of education and professional achievement; and
             237          (g) religion, if any.
             238          [(12)] (13) "Health history" means a comprehensive report of the adoptee's health
             239      status at the time of placement for adoption, and medical history, including neonatal,
             240      psychological, physiological, and medical care history.
             241          [(13)] (14) "Identifying information" means the name and address of a birth parent or
             242      adult adoptee, or other specific information which by itself or in reasonable conjunction with


             243      other information may be used to identify that person.
             244          [(14)] (15) "Licensed counselor" means a person who is licensed by the state, or
             245      another state, district, or territory of the United States as a:
             246          (a) certified social worker;
             247          (b) clinical social worker;
             248          (c) psychologist;
             249          (d) marriage and family therapist;
             250          (e) professional counselor; or
             251          (f) an equivalent licensed professional of another state, district, or territory of the
             252      United States.
             253          [(15)] (16) "Parent," for purposes of Section 78B-6-119 , means any person described in
             254      Subsections 78B-6-120 (1)(b) through (f) from whom consent for adoption or relinquishment
             255      for adoption is required under Sections 78B-6-120 through 78B-6-122 .
             256          [(16)] (17) "Unmarried biological father" means a person who:
             257          (a) is the biological father of a child; and
             258          (b) was not married to the biological mother of the child described in Subsection [(16)]
             259      (17)(a) at the time of the child's:
             260          (i) conception; or
             261          (ii) birth.
             262          Section 5. Section 78B-6-105 is amended to read:
             263           78B-6-105. District court venue -- Jurisdiction of juvenile court -- Jurisdiction
             264      over nonresidents -- Time for filing.
             265          (1) Adoption proceedings shall be commenced by filing a petition with the clerk of the
             266      district court either:
             267          (a) in the district where the person adopting resides, or if the person adopting is not a
             268      resident of this state, in the district where the child was born or in which the child-placing
             269      agency that has custody of the child is located; or
             270          (b) with the juvenile court as provided in Subsection 78A-6-103 (1).
             271          (2) All orders, decrees, agreements, and notices in the proceedings shall be filed with
             272      the clerk of the court where the adoption proceedings were commenced under Subsection (1).
             273          (3) A petition for adoption shall be filed within 30 days of the date the adoptee is


             274      placed in the home of the petitioners for the purpose of adoption, unless:
             275          (a) the time for filing has been extended by the court; or
             276          (b) the adoption is arranged by a [licensed] child-placing agency in which case the
             277      agency may extend the filing time.
             278          (4) (a) If a person whose consent for the adoption is required under Section 78B-6-120
             279      or 78B-6-121 cannot be found within the state, the fact of the minor's presence within the state
             280      shall confer jurisdiction on the court in proceedings under this chapter as to such absent person,
             281      provided that due notice has been given in accordance with the Utah Rules of Civil Procedure.
             282          (b) The notice may not include the name of:
             283          (i) the person or persons seeking to adopt the adoptee; or
             284          (ii) an unmarried mother without her consent.
             285          (5) Service of notice as provided in Subsection (6) shall vest the court with jurisdiction
             286      over the person served in the same manner and to the same extent as if the person served was
             287      served personally within the state.
             288          (6) In the case of service outside the state, service completed not less than five days
             289      before the time set in the notice for appearance of the person served, shall be sufficient to
             290      confer jurisdiction.
             291          (7) Computation of periods of time not otherwise set forth in this section shall be made
             292      in accordance with the Utah Rules of Civil Procedure.
             293          Section 6. Section 78B-6-107 is amended to read:
             294           78B-6-107. Compliance with the Interstate Compact on Placement of Children --
             295      Compliance with the Indian Child Welfare Act.
             296          (1) In any adoption proceeding the petition for adoption shall state whether the child
             297      was born in another state and, if so, both the petition and the court's final decree of adoption
             298      shall state that the requirements of Title 62A, Chapter 4a, Part 7, Interstate Compact on
             299      Placement of Children, have been complied with.
             300          (2) In any adoption proceeding involving an "Indian child," as defined in 25 U.S.C.
             301      Sec. 1903, a child-placing agency and the petitioners shall comply with the Indian Child
             302      Welfare Act, Title 25, Chapter 21, of the United States Code.
             303          Section 7. Section 78B-6-124 is amended to read:
             304           78B-6-124. Persons who may take consents and relinquishments.


             305          (1) A consent or relinquishment by a birth mother or an adoptee shall be signed before:
             306          (a) a judge of any court that has jurisdiction over adoption proceedings[, or];
             307          (b) subject to Subsection (6), a person appointed by [that] the judge [for the purpose of
             308      taking] described in Subsection (1)(a) to take consents or relinquishments; or
             309          [(b)] (c) subject to Subsection (6), a person who is authorized by a [licensed]
             310      child-placing agency to take consents or relinquishments [so long as the signature is notarized
             311      or witnessed by two individuals who are not members of the birth mother's immediate family],
             312      if the consent or relinquishment grants legal custody of the child to a child-placing agency or
             313      an extra-jurisdictional child-placing agency.
             314          (2) If the consent or relinquishment of a birth mother or adoptee is taken out of state it
             315      shall be signed before:
             316          (a) subject to Subsection (6), a person who is authorized by a child-placing agency to
             317      take consents or relinquishments, if the consent or relinquishment grants legal custody of the
             318      child to a child-placing agency or an extra-jurisdictional child-placing agency;
             319          (b) subject to Subsection (6), a person authorized or appointed to take consents or
             320      relinquishments by a court of this state that has jurisdiction over adoption proceedings;
             321          (c) a court that has jurisdiction over adoption proceedings in the state where the
             322      consent or relinquishment is taken; or
             323          (d) a person authorized, under the laws of the state where the consent or relinquishment
             324      is taken, to take consents or relinquishments of a birth mother or adoptee.
             325          (3) The consent or relinquishment of any other person or agency as required by Section
             326      78B-6-120 may be signed before a Notary Public or any person authorized to take a consent or
             327      relinquishment under Subsection (1) or (2).
             328          (4) A person, authorized by Subsection (1) or (2) to take consents or relinquishments,
             329      shall certify to the best of his information and belief that the person executing the consent or
             330      relinquishment has read and understands the consent or relinquishment and has signed it freely
             331      and voluntarily.
             332          (5) A person executing a consent or relinquishment is entitled to receive a copy of the
             333      consent or relinquishment.
             334          (6) A signature described in Subsection (1)(b), (1)(c), (2)(a), or (2)(b), shall be:
             335          (a) notarized; or


             336          (b) witnessed by two individuals who are not members of the birth mother's or the
             337      signatory's immediate family.
             338          Section 8. Section 78B-6-128 is amended to read:
             339           78B-6-128. Preplacement adoptive evaluations -- Exceptions.
             340          (1) (a) Except as otherwise provided in this section, a child may not be placed in an
             341      adoptive home until a preplacement adoptive evaluation, assessing the prospective adoptive
             342      parent and the prospective adoptive home, has been conducted in accordance with the
             343      requirements of this section.
             344          (b) Except as provided in Section 78B-6-131 , the court may, at any time, authorize
             345      temporary placement of a child in a potential adoptive home pending completion of a
             346      preplacement adoptive evaluation described in this section.
             347          (c) Subsection (1)(a) does not apply if a birth parent has legal custody of the child to be
             348      adopted and the prospective adoptive parent is related to that child as a step-parent, sibling by
             349      half or whole blood or by adoption, grandparent, aunt, uncle, or first cousin, unless the
             350      evaluation is otherwise requested by the court. The prospective adoptive parent described in
             351      this Subsection (1)(c) shall, however, obtain the information described in Subsections (2)(a)
             352      and (b), and file that documentation with the court prior to finalization of the adoption.
             353          (d) The required preplacement adoptive evaluation must be completed or updated
             354      within the 12-month period immediately preceding the placement of a child with the
             355      prospective adoptive parent. If the prospective adoptive parent has previously received custody
             356      of a child for the purpose of adoption, the preplacement adoptive evaluation must be completed
             357      or updated within the 12-month period immediately preceding the placement of a child with the
             358      prospective adoptive parent and after the placement of the previous child with the prospective
             359      adoptive parent.
             360          (2) The preplacement adoptive evaluation shall include:
             361          (a) criminal history record information regarding each prospective adoptive parent and
             362      any other adult living in the prospective home, prepared by a law enforcement agency based on
             363      a fingerprint criminal history check, no earlier than 18 months immediately preceding
             364      placement of the child;
             365          (b) a report prepared by the Department of Human Services containing all information
             366      regarding reports and investigation of child abuse, neglect, and dependency, with respect to


             367      each prospective adoptive parent and any other adult living in the prospective home, obtained
             368      no earlier than 18 months immediately preceding placement of the child, pursuant to waivers
             369      executed by those parties;
             370          (c) an evaluation conducted by an expert in family relations approved by the court or a
             371      certified social worker, clinical social worker, marriage and family therapist, psychologist,
             372      professional counselor, or other court-determined expert in family relations, who is licensed to
             373      practice under the laws of this state or under the laws of the state where the prospective
             374      adoptive parent or other person living in the prospective adoptive home resides. The
             375      evaluation shall be in a form approved by the Department of Human Services. Neither the
             376      Department of Human Services nor any of its divisions may proscribe who qualifies as an
             377      expert in family relations or who may conduct evaluations pursuant to this Subsection (2); and
             378          (d) if the child to be adopted is a child who is in the custody of any public child welfare
             379      agency, and is a child [with] who has a special [needs] need as defined in [Subsection] Section
             380      62A-4a-902 [(2)], the preplacement evaluation must be conducted by the Department of Human
             381      Services or a [licensed] child-placing agency which has entered into a contract with the
             382      department to conduct the preplacement evaluations for children with special needs. Any fee
             383      assessed by the evaluating agency is the responsibility of the adopting parent or parents.
             384          (3) The person or agency conducting the preplacement adoptive evaluation shall, in
             385      connection with the evaluation, provide the prospective adoptive parent or parents with
             386      literature approved by the Division of Child and Family Services relating to adoption, and
             387      including information relating to the adoption process, developmental issues that may require
             388      early intervention, and community resources that are available to the adoptive parent or parents.
             389          (4) A copy of the preplacement adoptive evaluation shall be filed with the court.
             390          Section 9. Section 78B-6-129 is amended to read:
             391           78B-6-129. Postplacement adoptive evaluations.
             392          (1) Except as provided in Subsections (2) and (3), a postplacement evaluation shall be
             393      conducted and submitted to the court prior to the final hearing in an adoption proceeding. The
             394      postplacement evaluation shall include:
             395          (a) verification of the allegations of fact contained in the petition for adoption;
             396          (b) an evaluation of the progress of the child's placement in the adoptive home; and
             397          (c) a recommendation regarding whether the adoption is in the best interest of the


             398      child.
             399          (2) The exemptions from and requirements for evaluations, described in Subsections
             400      78B-6-128 (1)(c), (2)(c), and (3), also apply to postplacement adoptive evaluations.
             401          (3) Upon the request of the petitioner, the court may waive the postplacement adoptive
             402      evaluation, unless it determines that it is in the best interest of the child to require the
             403      postplacement evaluation. Except where the child to be adopted and the prospective parent are
             404      related as set forth in Subsection 78B-6-128 (1)(c), the court may waive the postplacement
             405      adoptive evaluation for a child [with] who has a special [needs] need as defined in Section
             406      62A-4a-902 .
             407          Section 10. Section 78B-6-134 is amended to read:
             408           78B-6-134. Custody pending final decree.
             409          (1) Except as otherwise provided by the court, once a petitioner has received the
             410      adoptee into his home and a petition for adoption has been filed, the petitioner is entitled to the
             411      custody and control of the adoptee and is responsible for the care, maintenance, and support of
             412      the adoptee, including any necessary medical or surgical treatment, pending further order of the
             413      court.
             414          (2) Once a child has been placed with, relinquished to, or ordered into the custody of a
             415      [licensed] child-placing agency for purposes of adoption, the agency shall have custody and
             416      control of the child and is responsible for his care, maintenance, and support. The agency may
             417      delegate the responsibility for care, maintenance, and support, including any necessary medical
             418      or surgical treatment, to the petitioner once the petitioner has received the child into his home.
             419      However, until the final decree of adoption is entered by the court, the agency has the right to
             420      the custody and control of the child.
             421          Section 11. Section 78B-6-136 is amended to read:
             422           78B-6-136. Final decree of adoption -- Agreement by adoptive parent or parents.
             423          (1) Except as provided in Subsection (2), before the court enters a final decree of
             424      adoption:
             425          (a) the adoptive parent or parents and the child being adopted shall appear before the
             426      appropriate court[,]; and [an agreement shall be executed by]
             427          (b) the adoptive parent or parents shall execute an agreement stating that the child shall
             428      be adopted and treated in all respects as [his] the parent's or parents' own lawful child.


             429          (2) Except as provided in Subsection 78B-6-115 (4), a court may waive the requirement
             430      [that the adoptive parent or parents and the child being adopted appear before the court]
             431      described in Subsection (1)(a) if:
             432          (a) the adoption is not contested; [and]
             433          (b) the adoptive parent or parents:
             434          (i) execute an agreement stating that the child shall be adopted and treated in all
             435      respects as the parent's or parents' own lawful child;
             436          (ii) have the agreement described in Subsection (2)(b)(i) notarized; and
             437          (iii) file the agreement described in Subsection (2)(b)(i) with the court; and
             438          [(b)] (c) all requirements of this chapter to obtain a final decree of adoption are
             439      otherwise complied with.
             440          Section 12. Section 78B-6-143 is amended to read:
             441           78B-6-143. Nonidentifying health history of adoptee filed with bureau -- Limited
             442      availability.
             443          (1) Upon finalization of an adoption in this state, the person who proceeded on behalf
             444      of the petitioner for adoption, or a [licensed] child-placing agency if an agency is involved in
             445      the adoption, shall file a report with the bureau, in the form established by the bureau. That
             446      report shall include a detailed health history, and a genetic and social history of the adoptee.
             447          (2) The report filed under Subsection (1) may not contain any information which
             448      identifies the adoptee's birth parents or members of their families.
             449          (3) When the report described in Subsection (1) is filed, a duplicate report shall be
             450      provided to the adoptive parents.
             451          (4) The report filed with the bureau under Subsection (1) shall only be available upon
             452      request, and upon presentation of positive identification, to the following persons:
             453          (a) the adoptive parents;
             454          (b) in the event of the death of the adoptive parents, the adoptee's legal guardian;
             455          (c) the adoptee;
             456          (d) in the event of the death of the adoptee, the adoptee's spouse, if the spouse is the
             457      parent or guardian of the adoptee's child;
             458          (e) the adoptee's child or descendant;
             459          (f) the adoptee's birth parent; and


             460          (g) the adoptee's adult sibling.
             461          (5) No information which identifies a birth parent or his family may be disclosed under
             462      this section.
             463          (6) The actual cost of providing information under this section shall be paid by the
             464      person requesting the information.
             465          Section 13. Section 78B-6-144 is amended to read:
             466           78B-6-144. Mutual-consent, voluntary adoption registry -- Procedures -- Fees.
             467          (1) The bureau shall establish a mutual-consent, voluntary adoption registry.
             468          (a) Adult adoptees and birth parents of adult adoptees, upon presentation of positive
             469      identification, may request identifying information from the bureau, in the form established by
             470      the bureau. A court of competent jurisdiction or a child-placing agency [licensed under Title
             471      62A, Chapter 4a, Part 6,] may accept that request from the adult adoptee or birth parent, in the
             472      form provided by the bureau, and transfer that request to the bureau. The adult adoptee or birth
             473      parent is responsible for notifying the bureau of any change in information contained in the
             474      request.
             475          (b) The bureau may only release identifying information to an adult adoptee or birth
             476      parent when it receives requests from both the adoptee and his birth parent.
             477          (c) After matching the request of an adult adoptee with that of at least one of his birth
             478      parents, the bureau shall notify both the adoptee and the birth parent that the requests have been
             479      matched, and disclose the identifying information to those parties. However, if that adult
             480      adoptee has a sibling of the same birth parent who is under the age of 21 years, and who was
             481      raised in the same family setting as the adult adoptee, the bureau shall not disclose the
             482      requested identifying information to that adult adoptee or his birth parent.
             483          (2) (a) Adult adoptees and adult siblings of adult adoptees, upon presentation of
             484      positive identification, may request identifying information from the bureau, in the form
             485      established by the bureau. A court of competent jurisdiction or a child-placing agency
             486      [licensed under Title 62A, Chapter 4a, Part 6,] may accept that request from the adult adoptee
             487      or adult sibling, in the form provided by the bureau, and transfer that request to the bureau.
             488      The adult adoptee or adult sibling is responsible for notifying the bureau of any change in
             489      information contained in the request.
             490          (b) The bureau may only release identifying information to an adult adoptee or adult


             491      sibling when it receives requests from both the adoptee and his adult sibling.
             492          (c) After matching the request of an adult adoptee with that of his adult sibling, if the
             493      bureau has been provided with sufficient information to make that match, the bureau shall
             494      notify both the adoptee and the adult sibling that the requests have been matched, and disclose
             495      the identifying information to those parties.
             496          (3) Information registered with the bureau under this section is available only to a
             497      registered adult adoptee and his registered birth parent or registered adult sibling, under the
             498      terms of this section.
             499          (4) Information regarding a birth parent who has not registered a request with the
             500      bureau may not be disclosed.
             501          (5) The bureau may charge a fee for services provided under this section, limited to the
             502      cost of providing those services.
             503          Section 14. Coordinating H.B. 46 with S.B. 111 -- Technical amendments.
             504          If this H.B. 46 and S.B. 111, Revisor's Statute, both pass, it is the intent of the
             505      Legislature that the Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel shall prepare the Utah
             506      Code database for publication by amending Subsection 78B-6-136(1) to read as follows:
             507          "(1) Except as provided in Subsection (2), before a court enters a final decree of
             508      adoption:
             509          (a) the adoptive parent or parents and the child being adopted shall appear before the
             510      appropriate court[,]; and [an agreement shall be executed by]
             511          (b) the adoptive parent or parents shall execute an agreement stating that the child shall
             512      be adopted and treated in all respects as [his] the parent's or parents' own lawful child."


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