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H.B. 70





Chief Sponsor: Lorie D. Fowlke

Senate Sponsor: D. Chris Buttars

             7      LONG TITLE
             8      Committee Note:
             9          The Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice Interim Committee recommended this bill.
             10      General Description:
             11          This bill modifies the Utah Code of Criminal Procedure regarding granting an
             12      expungement for any crime that has been pardoned by the Board of Pardons and Parole.
             13      Highlighted Provisions:
             14          This bill:
             15          .    provides that a person who has been granted a pardon by the Board of Pardons and
             16      Parole for a criminal offense may also petition for the expungement of the record of
             17      the pardoned offense; and
             18          .    provides that prior offenses that have been pardoned may not be considered
             19      regarding eligibility for an expungement.
             20      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             21          None
             22      Other Special Clauses:
             23          None
             24      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             25      AMENDS:
             26          77-18-11, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2004, Chapter 228
             27          77-18-12, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapters 50, 189, and 269

             29      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             30          Section 1. Section 77-18-11 is amended to read:
             31           77-18-11. Petition -- Expungement of conviction -- Certificate of eligibility -- Fee
             32      -- Notice -- Written evaluation -- Objections -- Hearing.
             33          (1) (a) A person convicted of a crime may petition the convicting court for an
             34      expungement of the record of conviction as provided in this section.
             35          (b) If a person has received a pardon from the Utah Board of Pardons and Parole, the
             36      person is entitled to an expungement of all pardoned crimes, subject to the exceptions under
             37      Subsection 77-18-12 (1)(a).
             38          (2) (a) The court shall require receipt of a certificate of eligibility issued by the division
             39      under Section 77-18-12 .
             40          (b) The fee for each certificate of eligibility is $25. This fee remains in effect until
             41      changed by the division through the process under Section 63-38-3.2 .
             42          (c) Funds generated under Subsection (2)(b) shall be deposited in the General Fund as
             43      a dedicated credit by the department to cover the costs incurred in providing the information.
             44          (3) The petition and certificate of eligibility shall be filed with the court and served
             45      upon the prosecuting attorney and the Department of Corrections.
             46          (4) A victim shall receive notice of a petition for expungement if, prior to the entry of
             47      an expungement order, the victim or, in the case of a minor or a person who is incapacitated or
             48      deceased, the victim's next of kin or authorized representative, submits a written and signed
             49      request for notice to the office of the Department of Corrections in the judicial district in which
             50      the crime occurred or judgment was entered.
             51          (5) The Department of Corrections shall serve notice of the expungement request by
             52      first-class mail to the victim at the most recent address of record on file with the department.
             53      The notice shall include a copy of the petition, certificate of eligibility, and statutes and rules
             54      applicable to the petition.
             55          (6) The court in its discretion may request a written evaluation by Adult Parole and
             56      Probation of the Department of Corrections.
             57          (a) The evaluation shall include a recommendation concerning the petition for
             58      expungement.

             59          (b) If expungement is recommended, the evaluation shall include certification that the
             60      petitioner has completed all requirements of sentencing and probation or parole and state any
             61      rationale that would support or refute consideration for expungement.
             62          (c) The conclusions and recommendations contained in the evaluation shall be
             63      provided to the petitioner and the prosecuting attorney.
             64          (7) If the prosecuting attorney or a victim submits a written objection to the court
             65      concerning the petition within 30 days after service of the notice, or if the petitioner objects to
             66      the conclusions and recommendations in the evaluation within 15 days after receipt of the
             67      conclusions and recommendations, the court shall set a date for a hearing and notify the
             68      prosecuting attorney for the jurisdiction, the petitioner, and the victim of the date set for the
             69      hearing.
             70          (8) Any person who has relevant information about the petitioner may testify at the
             71      hearing.
             72          (9) The prosecuting attorney may respond to the court with a recommendation or
             73      objection within 30 days.
             74          (10) If an objection is not received under Subsection (7), the expungement may be
             75      granted without a hearing.
             76          (11) A court may not expunge a conviction of:
             77          (a) a capital felony;
             78          (b) a first degree felony;
             79          (c) a second degree forcible felony;
             80          (d) any sexual act against a minor; or
             81          (e) an offense for which a certificate of eligibility may not be issued under Section
             82      77-18-12 .
             83          Section 2. Section 77-18-12 is amended to read:
             84           77-18-12. Grounds for denial of certificate of eligibility -- Effect of prior
             85      convictions.
             86          (1) The division shall issue a certificate of eligibility to a petitioner seeking to obtain
             87      expungement for a criminal record unless prior to issuing a certificate of eligibility the division
             88      finds, through records of a governmental agency, including national criminal data bases that:
             89          (a) the conviction for which expungement is sought is:

             90          (i) a capital felony;
             91          (ii) a first degree felony;
             92          (iii) a second degree forcible felony;
             93          (iv) automobile homicide;
             94          (v) a felony violation of Section 41-6a-502 ;
             95          (vi) a conviction involving a sexual act against a minor;
             96          (vii) any registerable sex offense as defined in Subsection 77-27-21.5 (1)(f); or
             97          (viii) an attempt, solicitation, or conspiracy to commit any offense listed in Subsection
             98      77-27-21.5 (1)(f);
             99          (b) the petitioner's record includes two or more convictions for any type of offense
             100      [which] that would be [classified as] a felony under Utah law[, not arising] and that do not arise
             101      out of a single criminal episode, regardless of the jurisdiction in which the convictions
             102      occurred, unless the petitioner has received a pardon from the Board of Pardons and Parole for
             103      either or both of the convictions;
             104          (c) the petitioner has previously obtained expungement in any jurisdiction of a crime
             105      which would be [classified as] a felony [in] under Utah law;
             106          (d) the petitioner has previously obtained expungement in any jurisdiction of two or
             107      more convictions which would be [classified as] misdemeanors [in] under Utah law unless the
             108      convictions would be [classified as] class B or class C misdemeanors [in] under Utah law and
             109      15 years have passed since these misdemeanor convictions;
             110          (e) the petitioner was convicted in any jurisdiction, subsequent to the conviction for
             111      which expungement is sought and within the time periods [as] provided in Subsection (2), of a
             112      crime [which] that would be [classified in Utah as] a felony, misdemeanor, or infraction under
             113      Utah law;
             114          (f) the petitioner has a combination of three or more convictions not arising out of a
             115      single criminal episode, including any conviction for an offense which would be [classified
             116      under Utah law as] a class B or class A misdemeanor or [as] a felony[,] under Utah law, and
             117      including any misdemeanor and felony convictions previously expunged, regardless of the
             118      jurisdiction in which the conviction or expungement occurred, unless the petitioner has
             119      received a pardon from the Board of Pardons and Parole for one or more of the convictions;
             120          (g) a proceeding involving a crime is pending or being instituted in any jurisdiction

             121      against the petitioner; or
             122          (h) the petitioner has not paid the full amount of court ordered restitution pursuant to
             123      Section 77-38a-302 , or by the Board of Pardons and Parole pursuant to Section 77-27-6 on the
             124      conviction for which the person is seeking an expungement.
             125          (2) A conviction may not be included for purposes of Subsection (1)(e), and a
             126      conviction may not be considered for expungement until, after the petitioner's release from
             127      incarceration, parole, or probation, whichever occurs last and all fines ordered by the court
             128      have been satisfied, at least the following period of time has elapsed:
             129          (a) seven years in the case of a felony;
             130          (b) ten years in the case of:
             131          (i) a misdemeanor conviction or the equivalent of a misdemeanor conviction as defined
             132      in Subsection 41-6a-501 (2); or
             133          (ii) a felony violation of Subsection 58-37-8 (2)(g);
             134          (c) five years in the case of a class A misdemeanor;
             135          (d) three years in the case of any other misdemeanor or infraction under Title 76, Utah
             136      Criminal Code; or
             137          (e) 15 years in the case of multiple class B or class C misdemeanors.
             138          (3) A petitioner who would not be eligible to receive a certificate of eligibility under
             139      Subsection (1)(d) or (f) may receive a certificate of eligibility for one additional expungement
             140      if at least 15 years have elapsed since the last of [any of the following]:
             141          (a) release from incarceration, parole, or probation relating to the most recent
             142      conviction; and
             143          (b) any other conviction which would have prevented issuance of a certificate of
             144      eligibility under Subsection (1)(e).
             145          (4) If, after reasonable research, a disposition for an arrest on the criminal history file is
             146      unobtainable, the division may issue a special certificate giving discretion of eligibility to the
             147      court.

Legislative Review Note
    as of 9-21-07 8:29 AM

Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel

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