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8 LONG TITLE
9 General Description:
10 This bill amends provisions of the Emergency Injection for Anaphylactic Reaction Act.
11 Highlighted Provisions:
12 This bill:
13 . defines terms;
14 . provides that a school, school board, or school official of a primary or secondary
15 school may not prohibit or dissuade a teacher from receiving training to administer,
16 possessing, storing, or administering an epinephrine auto-injector;
17 . requires each primary or secondary school in the state to make an emergency
18 epinephrine auto-injector available to any teacher employed at the school who is
19 qualified to administer an epinephrine auto-injector;
20 . requires each primary and secondary school to make training available, regarding
21 the storage and use of an epinephrine auto-injector, to a teacher who volunteers to
22 take the training; and
23 . makes technical changes.
24 Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
26 Other Special Clauses:
28 Utah Code Sections Affected:
30 26-41-102, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 37
31 26-41-103, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 37
32 26-41-104, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 37
33 26-41-105, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 37
34 26-41-106, as enacted by Laws of Utah 1998, Chapter 17
36 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
37 Section 1. Section 26-41-102 is amended to read:
38 26-41-102. Definitions.
39 As used in this chapter:
40 (1) "Anaphylaxis" means a potentially life-threatening hypersensitivity to a substance.
41 (a) Symptoms of anaphylaxis may include shortness of breath, wheezing, difficulty
42 breathing, difficulty talking or swallowing, hives, itching, swelling, shock, or asthma.
43 (b) Causes of anaphylaxis may include insect sting, food allergy, drug reaction, and
50 spring-activated concealed needle that is designed for emergency administration of epinephrine
51 to provide rapid, convenient first-aid for persons suffering a potentially fatal anaphylactic
53 (3) "Qualified adult" means a person who:
54 (a) is 18 years of age or older; and
55 (b) has successfully completed the training program established in Section 26-41-104 .
56 Section 2. Section 26-41-103 is amended to read:
57 26-41-103. Voluntary participation.
58 (1) [
59 trained in the use and storage of epinephrine auto-injectors. [
60 (2) Except as provided in Subsections (3) and (5), a decision by a person to
61 successfully complete a training program under Section 26-41-104 and to make emergency
62 epinephrine auto-injectors available under the provisions of this chapter is voluntary.
70 (3) A school, school board, or school official may not prohibit or dissuade a teacher at
71 a primary or secondary school in the state, either public or private, from:
72 (a) completing a training program under Section 26-41-104 ;
73 (b) possessing or storing an epinephrine auto-injector on school property if:
74 (i) the teacher is a qualified adult; and
75 (ii) the possession and storage is in accordance with the training received under Section
76 26-41-104 ; or
77 (c) administering an epinephrine auto-injector to any person, if:
78 (i) the teacher is a qualified adult; and
79 (ii) the administration is in accordance with the training received under Section
80 26-41-104 .
81 (4) A school, school board, or school official may encourage a teacher to volunteer to
82 become a qualified adult.
83 (5) (a) Each primary or secondary school in the state, both public and private, shall
84 make an emergency epinephrine auto-injector available to any teacher employed at the school
85 who is a qualified adult.
86 (b) This section does not require a school described in Subsection (5)(a) to keep more
87 than one emergency epinephrine auto-injector on the school premises, so long as it may be
88 quickly accessed by a teacher who is a qualified adult in the event of an emergency.
89 Section 3. Section 26-41-104 is amended to read:
90 26-41-104. Training in use of epinephrine auto-injector.
91 (1) (a) Each primary and secondary school in the state, both public and private, [
93 annual refresher training [
94 auto-injector, available to any teacher who volunteers to become a qualified adult.
95 (b) The training described in Subsection (1)(a) may be provided by the school nurse, or
96 other [
97 physician, the medical director of the local health department, or the local emergency medical
98 services director [
99 (2) A person who provides training under Subsection (1) or (6) shall include in the
101 (a) techniques for recognizing symptoms of anaphylaxis;
102 (b) standards and procedures for the storage and emergency use of epinephrine
104 (c) emergency follow-up procedures, including calling the emergency 911 number and
105 contacting, if possible, the student's parent and physician; and
106 (d) written materials covering the information required under this Subsection (2).
107 (3) A [
108 prepared in accordance with Subsection (2)(d).
109 (4) A public school shall permit a student to possess an epinephrine auto-injector or
110 possess and self-administer an epinephrine auto-injector if:
111 (a) the student's parent or guardian signs a statement:
112 (i) authorizing the student to possess or possess and self-administer an epinephrine
113 auto-injector; and
114 (ii) acknowledging that the student is responsible for, and capable of, possessing or
115 possessing and self-administering an epinephrine auto-injector; and
116 (b) the student's health care provider provides a written statement that states that:
117 (i) it is medically appropriate for the student to possess or possess and self-administer
118 an epinephrine auto-injector; and
119 (ii) the student should be in possession of the epinephrine auto-injector at all times.
120 (5) The Utah Department of Health, in cooperation with the state superintendent of
121 public instruction, shall design forms to be used by public schools for the parental and health
122 care providers statements described in Subsection (6).
123 (6) (a) The department:
124 (i) shall approve educational programs conducted by other persons, to train people
125 under Subsection (6)(b) of this section, regarding the use and storage of emergency epinephrine
126 auto-injectors; and
127 (ii) may, as funding is available, conduct educational programs to train people
128 regarding the use of and storage of emergency epinephrine auto-injectors.
129 (b) A person [
130 epinephrine auto-injector under the provisions of this Subsection (6) must demonstrate a need
131 for the training to the department, which may be based upon occupational, volunteer, or family
132 circumstances, and shall include:
133 (i) camp counselors;
134 (ii) scout leaders;
135 (iii) forest rangers;
136 (iv) tour guides; and
137 (v) other persons who have or reasonably expect to have responsibility for at least one
138 other person as a result of the person's occupational or volunteer status.
139 (7) The department shall adopt rules in accordance with Title 63, Chapter 46a, Utah
140 Administrative Rulemaking Act, to:
141 (a) establish and approve training programs in accordance with this section; and
142 (b) establish a procedure for determining the need for training under Subsection
144 Section 4. Section 26-41-105 is amended to read:
145 26-41-105. Authority to obtain and use an epinephrine auto-injector.
146 (1) A [
147 primary or secondary school in the state [
148 a school nurse, may obtain from the school district physician, the medical director of the local
149 health department, or the local emergency medical services director a prescription for
150 epinephrine auto-injectors.
151 (2) A [
153 other person or entity authorized to prescribe or sell prescribed medicines or drugs, a
154 prescription for an epinephrine auto-injector.
157 (3) A qualified adult:
158 (a) may immediately administer an epinephrine auto-injector to a person exhibiting
159 potentially life-threatening symptoms of anaphylaxis when a physician is not immediately
160 available; and
161 (b) shall initiate emergency medical services or other appropriate medical follow-up in
162 accordance with the training materials retained under Section 26-41-104 after administering an
163 epinephrine auto-injector.
164 Section 5. Section 26-41-106 is amended to read:
165 26-41-106. Immunity from liability.
166 (1) A [
167 who acts in good faith is not liable in any civil or criminal action for any act taken or not taken
168 under the authority of this chapter with respect to an anaphylactic reaction.
169 (2) Section 53A-11-601 does not apply to the administration of an epinephrine auto-
170 injector in accordance with this chapter.
Legislative Review Note
as of 12-27-07 10:18 AM