Download Zipped Introduced WordPerfect HB0341.ZIP
[Status][Bill Documents][Fiscal Note][Bills Directory]
8 LONG TITLE
9 General Description:
10 This bill addresses liability provisions and other provisions concerning the location of
11 an underground utility facility.
12 Highlighted Provisions:
13 This bill:
14 . defines terms;
15 . requires certain information be provided concerning an operators' association;
16 . provides warning language that may be included with a building permit;
17 . addresses requirements for and effects of a notice of excavation;
18 . describes an underground facility that need not be marked;
19 . outlines a method for determining the precise location of a marked underground
20 utility facility;
21 . addresses liability of an excavator;
22 . requires an excavator to call 911 if certain damage occurs;
23 . provides a civil penalty for a violation of the chapter;
24 . provides for enforcement by the attorney general;
25 . limits the period for which an operators' association must maintain a record of
26 notices of excavation;
27 . addresses the installation of a nonmetallic underground facility;
28 . creates the Underground Facilities Damage Dispute Board to arbitrate disputes
29 arising under the chapter; and
30 . makes technical changes.
31 Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
33 Other Special Clauses:
35 Utah Code Sections Affected:
37 54-8a-2, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1998, Chapter 198
38 54-8a-3, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1993, Chapter 87
39 54-8a-4, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2001, Chapter 189
40 54-8a-5, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1998, Chapter 198
41 54-8a-5.5, as enacted by Laws of Utah 1996, Chapter 203
42 54-8a-6, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1998, Chapter 198
43 54-8a-7, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2001, Chapter 189
44 54-8a-9, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1993, Chapter 87
45 54-8a-10, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1993, Chapter 87
47 54-8a-3.5, Utah Code Annotated 1953
48 54-8a-12, Utah Code Annotated 1953
49 54-8a-13, Utah Code Annotated 1953
50 REPEALS AND REENACTS:
51 54-8a-8, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2001, Chapter 189
53 54-8a-8.5, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2004, Chapter 90
54 54-13-6, as enacted by Laws of Utah 1989, Chapter 131
56 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
57 Section 1. Section 54-8a-2 is amended to read:
58 54-8a-2. Definitions.
59 As used in this chapter:
60 (1) "Association" means two or more operators organized to receive notification of
61 excavation activities in a specified area, as provided by Section 54-8a-9 .
62 (2) "Board" means the Underground Facilities Damage Dispute Board created in
63 Section 54-8a-13 .
65 or mitigate loss of, or damage to, life, health, property, or essential public services.
67 material on or below the ground is moved or displaced by tools, equipment, or explosives.
71 includes any day except Saturday, Sunday, or a legal holiday.
72 (7) "Hand tool" means an implement:
73 (a) powered by hand; or
74 (b) designed to avoid damaging an underground facility, including a vacuum
75 excavation tool and air knife.
76 (8) "Location" means the site of a proposed area of excavation described by:
77 (a) (i) street address, if available; and
78 (ii) the area at that street address to be excavated; or
79 (b) if there is no street address available, the area of excavation using any available
80 designations, including a nearby street or road, an intersection, GPS coordinates, or other
81 generally accepted methods.
83 excavation by an association or operator upon receiving notice of the proposed excavation from
84 the excavator.
86 maintains an underground [
87 (b) "Operator" does not include an owner of real property where underground facilities
89 (i) located solely within the property;
90 (ii) used exclusively to furnish services on the property; and
91 (iii) maintained under the operation and control of that owner.
95 (a) an individual, government entity, corporation, partnership, association, or company;
97 (b) the trustee, receiver, assignee, and personal representative of a person listed in
98 Subsection (11)(a).
99 (12) "24 hours" means a 24-hour period, excluding hours occurring during a Saturday,
100 Sunday, or a legal holiday.
102 below ground level for use in the storage or conveyance of any of the following:
103 (a) water;
104 (b) sewage;
105 (c) communications, including electronic, photonic, telephonic, or telegraphic
107 (d) television, cable television, or other telecommunication signals, including
108 transmission to subscribers of video or other programming;
109 (e) electric power;
110 (f) oil, gas, or other fluid and gaseous substances;
111 (g) steam;
112 (h) slurry; or
113 (i) dangerous materials or products.
114 Section 2. Section 54-8a-3 is amended to read:
115 54-8a-3. Information filed with county clerk.
116 (1) An operator shall file with the county clerk of a county in which the operator has an
117 underground [
118 (a) the name of each municipality, city, or town in which the operator has an
119 underground [
120 (b) the operator's name; [
121 (c) the title, telephone number, and address of the operator's representative designated
122 to receive calls regarding excavation[
123 (d) a statement concerning whether the operator is a member of an association and, if
124 the operator is a member of an association, the name of and contact information for the
126 (2) In [
127 its telephone number and a list of its members who are operators with the county clerk on
128 behalf of [
129 Section 3. Section 54-8a-3.5 is enacted to read:
130 54-8a-3.5. Excavation-related information included with construction and
131 building permit.
132 An entity issuing a permit for building or construction that may require excavation may,
133 and is encouraged to, include a notice on or with a permit stating, "Attention, Utah law requires
134 any excavator to notify the owner of underground facilities 48 hours before excavating and
135 comply with Utah Code Title 54, Chapter 8a, Damage to Underground Utility Facilities."
136 Section 4. Section 54-8a-4 is amended to read:
137 54-8a-4. Notice of excavation.
138 (1) (a) Before excavating, an excavator shall notify each operator with an underground
140 (b) The requirements of Subsection (1)(a) do not apply:
141 (i) if there is an emergency;
142 (ii) while gardening; [
143 (iii) while tilling private ground[
144 (iv) while probing with an industry-approved probe bar to determine the presence or
145 extent of a natural gas leak in the ground.
146 (2) The notice required by Subsection (1) shall:
147 (a) be given:
148 (i) by telephone;
149 (ii) in person; or
150 (iii) by other means acceptable to each operator;
151 (b) be given not:
152 (i) less than 48 hours before excavation begins; or
153 (ii) more than [
154 (c) include the proposed excavation's anticipated:
155 (i) location;
156 (ii) dimensions;
157 (iii) type; and
158 (iv) duration.
159 (3) If the proposed excavation's anticipated location and dimensions cannot be
160 described as required under Subsection (2)(c), an excavator shall [
161 excavation site in white paint, stakes, flags, or other industry-accepted manner.
162 (4) If more than one excavator will operate at the same excavation site, each excavator
163 shall provide the notice required by this section.
165 notice to each operator [
168 (6) (a) Notice given under this section is valid for 14 days from the day on which the
169 notice is given.
170 (b) If an excavation will continue beyond the 14-day period under Subsection (6)(a),
171 the excavator shall provide notice of that fact at least 48 hours before expiration of the 14-day
173 (c) A notice under Subsection (6)(b) is valid for 14 days from the day on which the
174 previous notice expires.
175 (d) An excavator shall give notice as provided in this Subsection (6) for the duration of
176 the excavation.
178 longer identify the underground [
179 (a) before excavating the site an excavator shall notify:
180 (i) the association; or
181 (ii) each operator; and
182 (b) the operator shall mark the area again within 48 hours of the renotification.
184 (a) (i) all underground facilities have been:
185 (A) located; and
186 (B) marked; or
187 (ii) the operators have indicated that there are no underground facilities within the
188 proposed excavation site;
189 (b) (i) 48 hours have elapsed from the time of initial notice; and
190 (ii) the excavator has not:
191 (A) been notified by the operator; or
192 (B) received a request for a meeting under Subsection 54-8a-5 (2); or
193 (c) 48 hours have elapsed from the time of renotification under Subsection (6).
195 excavator shall be responsible for the costs incurred by an operator to remark its underground
196 facilities following the second or subsequent notice given by an excavator for a proposed
197 excavation [
198 Section 5. Section 54-8a-5 is amended to read:
199 54-8a-5. Marking of underground facilities.
200 (1) (a) Within 48 hours of the receipt of the notice required by Section 54-8a-4 , the
201 operator shall:
202 (i) mark the location of its underground facilities in the area of the proposed
203 excavation; or
204 (ii) notify the excavator, by telephonic message or indication at the excavation site, that
205 the operator does not have any underground [
207 (b) The underground [
208 other customary way, indicating, at the option of the operator, either:
209 (i) the approximate centerline of the underground facility; or
210 (ii) the approximate outside dimensions of both sides of the underground facility.
211 (2) (a) The operator is not required to mark the underground facilities within 48 hours
213 (i) the proposed excavation:
214 (A) is not [
215 accordance with Subsection 54-8a-4 (2) or is not marked as provided in Subsection 54-8a-4 (3);
216 (B) is located in a remote area;
217 (C) is an extensive excavation; or
218 (D) presents other constraints that make it unreasonably difficult for the operator to
219 comply with the marking requirements of this section; or
220 (ii) the operator is not able to readily locate the underground facilities from the surface
221 with standard underground detection devices.
222 (b) If the operator cannot proceed with the marking because of a situation described in
223 Subsection (2)(a), the operator shall contact the excavator within 48 hours after the excavator's
224 notice of excavation or request for a location request assignment made in accordance with
225 Section 54-8a-4 and request a meeting at the proposed excavation site or some other mutually
226 agreed upon location.
227 (c) For [
231 constitutes the beginning of a new 48-hour period within which the operator must begin
232 marking the underground facilities.
234 operator shall agree on a plan of excavation designed to prevent damage to the operator's
235 underground [
236 (ii) Notwithstanding the agreement, the excavator shall proceed in a manner that is
237 reasonably calculated to avoid damage to the underground [
238 (e) (i) An operator need not mark or locate an underground facility the operator does
239 not own.
240 (ii) An underground facility under Subsection (2)(e)(i) includes a water or sewer lateral
241 or a facility running from a house to a garage or outbuilding.
242 (f) (i) An operator may mark the location of a known facility connected to the
243 operator's facilities that is not owned or operated by the operator.
244 (ii) Marking a known facility under Subsection (2)(f)(i) imposes no liability on the
245 operator for the accuracy of the marking.
246 (3) The markings required by this section shall conform [
248 Works Association for temporary markings.
254 (4) Each marking is valid for not more than 14 calendar days from the date notice is
256 (5) If multiple lines exist:
257 (a) the markings must indicate the number of lines; or
258 (b) all lines must be marked.
259 Section 6. Section 54-8a-5.5 is amended to read:
260 54-8a-5.5. Determining the precise location of marked underground facilities.
261 (1) (a) An excavator may not use any power-operated or power-driven excavating or
262 boring equipment within 24 inches of the markings made in accordance with Section 54-8a-5
264 underground [
265 will not damage the underground facilities.
266 (b) An operator may waive the requirement that the excavator determine the exact
267 location of the underground facilities by excavating with hand tools.
268 (2) Power-operated or power-driven excavating or boring equipment may be used for
269 the removal of any existing pavement if there [
270 contained in the pavement, as marked by the operator.
271 (3) The excavator may use power-operated or power-driven excavating or boring
272 equipment within 24 inches of the markings only:
273 (a) to a depth agreed upon by the operator; and
274 (b) if allowed by the operator.
275 Section 7. Section 54-8a-6 is amended to read:
276 54-8a-6. Duties and liabilities of an excavator.
277 (1) Damage to an underground facility by an excavator who excavates but fails to
278 comply with Section 54-8a-4 , is prima facie evidence that the excavator is liable for any
279 damage caused by the negligence of that excavator.
280 (2) (a) An excavator is not liable for [
281 under this chapter if [
282 (i) given proper notice of the proposed excavation as required in this chapter;
283 (ii) marked the area of the proposed excavation as required in Section 54-8a-4 ;
284 (iii) complied with Section 54-8a-5.5 ; and
285 (iv) complied with Section 54-8a-7 .
286 (b) An excavator is [
288 (i) the operator complies with Section 54-8a-5 ; and
289 (ii) the damage occurs within 24 inches of the operator's markings.
290 (3) Notwithstanding Subsection 54-8a-4 (1)(b)(i), an excavator is liable for damage to
291 an underground facility that occurs during an emergency.
292 Section 8. Section 54-8a-7 is amended to read:
293 54-8a-7. Notice of damage -- Repairs.
294 (1) If an excavator contacts or damages an underground facility, the excavator shall:
295 (a) immediately notify the appropriate operator and then proceed in a manner that is
296 reasonably calculated to avoid further damage to the underground facility[
297 (b) immediately call 911 if the excavation results in the escape of a flammable gas or
298 toxic or corrosive gas or liquid, or damages an electrical line.
299 (2) Upon receipt of notice, the operator shall immediately examine the underground
300 facility, and, if necessary, make repairs.
301 Section 9. Section 54-8a-8 is repealed and reenacted to read:
302 54-8a-8. Civil penalty for damage -- Exceptions -- Other remedies.
303 (1) A civil penalty may be imposed for a violation of this chapter as provided in this
305 (2) A civil penalty under this section may be imposed on:
306 (a) any person who violates this chapter in an amount no greater than $2,500 for each
307 violation with a maximum civil penalty of $100,000 per excavation; or
308 (b) an excavator who fails to provide notice of an excavation in accordance with
309 Section 54-8a-4 in an amount no greater than $500 in addition to the amount under Subsection
311 (3) Notwithstanding Subsection (2)(a) a penalty under this chapter may not be
313 (a) on an excavator unless the excavator fails to comply with this chapter and damages
314 an underground facility; or
315 (b) on an operator unless:
316 (i) (A) the operator fails to respond to a location request under Section 54-8a-5 in order
317 to prevent damage to the facility; or
318 (B) the operator fails to take reasonable steps, in response to a location request, to
319 ensure accurate marking of the facility in order to prevent damage to the facility; and
320 (ii) damage occurs to an underground facility as a result of the operator's failure under
321 Subsection (3)(b)(i)(A) or (B).
322 (4) The amount of a civil penalty under this section shall be made taking into
323 consideration the following:
324 (a) the excavator's or operator's history of any prior violation or penalty;
325 (b) the seriousness of the violation;
326 (c) any discharge or pollution resulting from the damage;
327 (d) the hazard to the health or safety of the public;
328 (e) the degree of culpability and willfulness of the violation;
329 (f) any good faith of the excavator or operator; and
330 (g) any other factor considered relevant, including the number of past excavations
331 conducted by the excavator, the number of location requests made by the excavator and the
332 number of location markings made for the excavator or by the operator.
333 (5) "Good faith," as used in Subsection (4)(f) includes actions taken before the filing of
334 an action for civil penalty under this section to:
335 (a) remedy, in whole or in part, a violation of this chapter; or
336 (b) mitigate the consequences and damages resulting from a violation of this chapter.
337 (6) (a) A civil penalty may not be imposed on an excavator if the damage to an
338 underground facility results from an operator's:
339 (i) failure to mark; or
340 (ii) inaccurate marking or locating of the operator's underground facilities.
341 (b) In addition to or in lieu of part of or all of a civil penalty, the excavator or operator
342 may be required to undertake actions that are designed to prevent future violations of this
343 chapter, including attending safety and compliance training, improving internal monitoring and
344 compliance processes and procedures, or any other action that may result in compliance with
345 this chapter.
346 (7) Subsection (1) does not apply to an excavation made:
347 (a) during an emergency, if reasonable precautions are taken to protect any
348 underground facility;
349 (b) in agricultural operations;
350 (c) for the purpose of finding or extracting natural resources; or
351 (d) with hand tools on property owned or occupied by the excavator.
352 (8) (a) A civil penalty under this section is in addition to any damages that an operator
353 or an excavator may seek to recover.
354 (b) In an action brought under this section, the prevailing party shall be awarded its
355 costs and attorney fees as determined by the court.
356 Section 10. Section 54-8a-9 is amended to read:
357 54-8a-9. Association for mutual receipt of notice of excavation activities.
358 (1) (a) (i) Two or more operators may form and operate a statewide association
359 providing for mutual receipt of notice of excavation activities.
360 (ii) If an association is operational, notice to the association shall be given pursuant to
361 Section 54-8a-4 .
362 (b) (i) If an association is formed, each operator with an underground [
363 facility in the area shall become a member of the association [
364 (A) receive a notice of a proposed excavation submitted to the association;
365 (B) receive the services furnished by it; and
366 (C) pay its share of the cost for the service furnished.
367 (ii) If an operator does not comply with Subsection (1)(b)(i) and Section 54-8a-5 , [
368 the operator is liable for damages incurred by an excavator who [
370 (c) An association whose members or participants have underground facilities within a
371 county shall:
372 (i) file a description of the geographical area served by the association; and
373 (ii) file the name and address of every member and participating operator with the
374 county clerk.
375 (2) An association receiving notice as provided in Subsection 54-8a-4 (1) shall:
376 (a) notify members and participants in the relevant geographic area within 24 hours
377 after receiving notice from the person who proposes to excavate; and
378 (b) maintain a record of [
379 document compliance with the requirements of this chapter.
380 Section 11. Section 54-8a-10 is amended to read:
381 54-8a-10. Installation of nonmetallic facilities.
382 Any operator [
383 sewer, water, or fiber optic line, shall install the [
384 it can be located with standard underground facility detection devices or in a concrete conduit
386 Section 12. Section 54-8a-12 is enacted to read:
387 54-8a-12. Enforcement -- Attorney general.
388 (1) (a) The attorney general may bring an action in the district court located in the
389 county in which the excavation is located to enforce this chapter.
390 (b) The right of any person to bring a civil action for damage arising from an
391 excavator's or operator's actions or conduct relating to underground facilities is not affected by:
392 (i) a proceeding commenced by the attorney general under this chapter; or
393 (ii) the imposition of a civil penalty under this chapter.
394 (c) If the attorney general does not bring an action under Subsection (1)(a), the operator
395 or excavator may pursue any remedy, including a civil penalty.
396 (2) Any civil penalty imposed and collected under this chapter shall be deposited into
397 the General Fund.
398 Section 13. Section 54-8a-13 is enacted to read:
399 54-8a-13. Underground Facilities Damage Dispute Board -- Arbitration --
400 Relationship with Public Service Commission.
401 (1) There is created within the commission the Underground Facilities Damage
402 Dispute Board to arbitrate a dispute arising from an operator's or excavator's violation of this
404 (2) The board consists of five members appointed by the governor as follows:
405 (a) one member from a list of names provided to the governor by a group representing
407 (b) one member from a list of names provided to the governor by the Associated
408 General Contractors;
409 (c) one member from a list of names provided to the governor by Blue Stakes of Utah;
410 (d) one member from a list of names provided to the governor by the Utah Home
411 Builders Association; and
412 (e) one member from the Division of Public Utilities.
413 (3) (a) A member of the board:
414 (i) shall be appointed for a three-year term; and
415 (ii) may continue to serve until the member's successor takes office.
416 (b) At the time of appointment, the governor shall stagger the terms of the members to
417 ensure that approximately 1/3 of the members of the board are reappointed each year.
418 (c) A vacancy in the board shall be filled:
419 (i) for the unexpired term; and
420 (ii) in the same manner as the board member is initially appointed.
421 (d) The board shall select an alternate for a specific board member to serve on a
422 specific case if it becomes necessary to replace a member who has a conflict of interest because
423 a dispute involves that member or that member's employer.
424 (4) Three members of the board constitute a quorum.
425 (5) The board may, upon agreement of the disputing parties, arbitrate a dispute
426 regarding damages, not including personal injury damages, arising between:
427 (a) an operator;
428 (b) an excavator;
429 (c) a property owner; or
430 (d) any other interested party.
431 (6) At least four members of the board shall be present and vote on an arbitration
433 (7) An arbitration before the board shall be consistent with Title 78, Chapter 31a, Utah
434 Uniform Arbitration Act.
435 (8) The prevailing party in an arbitration conducted under this section shall be awarded
436 its costs and attorney fees in an amount determined by the board.
437 (9) (a) A member of the board who is not a state officer or employee or local
438 government officer or employee shall receive no compensation or benefits for the member's
439 service, but may receive per diem and expenses incurred in the performance of the member's
440 duties at the rates established by the Division of Finance under Sections 63A-3-106 and
441 63A-3-107 . Members may decline to receive per diem and expenses for their services.
442 (b) A state officer or employee or local government officer or employee member of the
443 board who does not receive salary, per diem, or expenses from their agency or employer for
444 their service on the board may receive per diem and expenses incurred in the performance of
445 the member's duties at the rates established by the Division of Finance under Sections
446 63A-3-106 and 63A-3-107 . State and local government officer or employee members may
447 decline to receive per diem and expenses for their services.
448 (10) The commission shall provide administrative support to the board.
449 Section 14. Repealer.
450 This bill repeals:
451 Section 54-8a-8.5, Alternative dispute resolution.
452 Section 54-13-6, Violation of chapter -- Penalty.
Legislative Review Note
as of 1-24-08 11:43 AM