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H.B. 473





Chief Sponsor: Curtis Oda

Senate Sponsor: Michael G. Waddoups

             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill modifies the definitions section of the Weapons Part of the Utah Criminal
             10      Code.
             11      Highlighted Provisions:
             12          This bill:
             13          .    provides a definition for a concealed firearm permit that permits, but does not
             14      require, the concealment of the firearm on the permittee; and
             15          .    makes certain technical changes.
             16      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             17          None
             18      Other Special Clauses:
             19          None
             20      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             21      AMENDS:
             22          63-98-102, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2004, Chapter 264
             23          76-10-501, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2001, Chapter 111
             25      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             26          Section 1. Section 63-98-102 is amended to read:
             27           63-98-102. Uniform firearm laws.

             28          (1) The individual right to keep and bear arms being a constitutionally protected right
             29      under Article I, Section 6 of the Utah Constitution, the Legislature finds the need to provide
             30      uniform civil and criminal firearm laws throughout the state.
             31          (2) Except as specifically provided by state law, a local authority or state entity may
             32      not:
             33          (a) prohibit an individual from owning, possessing, purchasing, selling, transferring,
             34      transporting, or keeping a firearm at the individual's place of residence, property, business, or
             35      in any vehicle lawfully in the individual's possession or lawfully under the individual's control;
             36      or
             37          (b) require an individual to have a permit or license to purchase, own, possess,
             38      transport, or keep a firearm.
             39          (3) In conjunction with Title 76, Chapter 10, Part 5, Weapons, this section is uniformly
             40      applicable throughout this state and in all its political subdivisions and municipalities.
             41          (4) All authority to regulate firearms is reserved to the state except where the
             42      Legislature specifically delegates responsibility to local authorities or state entities.
             43          (5) Unless specifically authorized by the Legislature by statute, a local authority or
             44      state entity may not enact, establish, or enforce any ordinance, regulation, rule, or policy
             45      pertaining to firearms that in any way inhibits or restricts the possession or use of firearms on
             46      either public or private property.
             47          (6) As used in this section:
             48          (a) "firearm" has the same meaning as defined in [Subsection] Section 76-10-501 [(9)];
             49      and
             50          (b) "local authority or state entity" includes public school districts, public schools, and
             51      state institutions of higher education.
             52          (7) Nothing in this section restricts or expands private property rights.
             53          Section 2. Section 76-10-501 is amended to read:
             54           76-10-501. Definitions.
             55          As used in this part:
             56          (1) (a) "Antique firearm" means any firearm:
             57          (i) (A) with a matchlock, flintlock, percussion cap, or similar type of ignition system;
             58      and

             59          (B) that was manufactured in or before 1898; or
             60          (ii) that is a replica of any firearm described in this Subsection (1)(a), if the replica:
             61          (A) is not designed or redesigned for using rimfire or conventional centerfire fixed
             62      ammunition; or
             63          (B) uses rimfire or centerfire fixed ammunition which is:
             64          (I) no longer manufactured in the United States; and
             65          (II) is not readily available in ordinary channels of commercial trade; or
             66          (iii) (A) that is a muzzle loading rifle, shotgun, or pistol; and
             67          (B) is designed to use black powder, or a black powder substitute, and cannot use fixed
             68      ammunition.
             69          (b) "Antique firearm" does not include:
             70          (i) any weapon that incorporates a firearm frame or receiver;
             71          (ii) any firearm that is converted into a muzzle loading weapon; or
             72          (iii) any muzzle loading weapon that can be readily converted to fire fixed ammunition
             73      by replacing the:
             74          (A) barrel;
             75          (B) bolt;
             76          (C) breechblock; or
             77          (D) any combination of Subsection (1)(b)(iii)(A), (B), or (C).
             78          (2) (a) "Concealed dangerous weapon" means a dangerous weapon that is covered,
             79      hidden, or secreted in a manner that the public would not be aware of its presence and is readily
             80      accessible for immediate use.
             81          (b) A dangerous weapon shall not be considered a concealed dangerous weapon if it is a
             82      firearm which is unloaded and is securely encased.
             83          (3) "Concealed firearm permit" means a permit issued pursuant to Section 53-5-704
             84      that permits, but does not require, concealment of the firearm on the permittee.
             85          [(3)] (4) "Criminal history background check" means a criminal background check
             86      conducted by a licensed firearms dealer on every purchaser of a handgun through the division
             87      or the local law enforcement agency where the firearms dealer conducts business.
             88          [(4)] (5) "Curio or relic firearm" means any firearm that:
             89          (a) is of special interest to a collector because of a quality that is not associated with

             90      firearms intended for:
             91          (i) sporting use;
             92          (ii) use as an offensive weapon; or
             93          (iii) use as a defensive weapon;
             94          (b) (i) was manufactured at least 50 years prior to the current date; and
             95          (ii) is not a replica of a firearm described in Subsection [(4)] (5)(b)(i);
             96          (c) is certified by the curator of a municipal, state, or federal museum that exhibits
             97      firearms to be a curio or relic of museum interest;
             98          (d) derives a substantial part of its monetary value:
             99          (i) from the fact that the firearm is:
             100          (A) novel;
             101          (B) rare; or
             102          (C) bizarre; or
             103          (ii) because of the firearm's association with an historical:
             104          (A) figure;
             105          (B) period; or
             106          (C) event; and
             107          (e) has been designated as a curio or relic firearm by the director of the United States
             108      Treasury Department Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms under 27 C.F.R. Sec. 178.11.
             109          [(5)] (6) (a) "Dangerous weapon" means any item that in the manner of its use or
             110      intended use is capable of causing death or serious bodily injury. The following factors shall
             111      be used in determining whether a knife, or any other item, object, or thing not commonly
             112      known as a dangerous weapon is a dangerous weapon:
             113          (i) the character of the instrument, object, or thing;
             114          (ii) the character of the wound produced, if any;
             115          (iii) the manner in which the instrument, object, or thing was used; and
             116          (iv) the other lawful purposes for which the instrument, object, or thing may be used.
             117          (b) "Dangerous weapon" does not include any explosive, chemical, or incendiary
             118      device as defined by Section 76-10-306 .
             119          [(6)] (7) "Dealer" means every person who is licensed under crimes and criminal
             120      procedure, 18 U.S.C. 923 and engaged in the business of selling, leasing, or otherwise

             121      transferring a handgun, whether the person is a retail or wholesale dealer, pawnbroker, or
             122      otherwise.
             123          [(7)] (8) "Division" means the Criminal Investigations and Technical Services Division
             124      of the Department of Public Safety, created in Section 53-10-103 .
             125          [(8)] (9) "Enter" means intrusion of the entire body.
             126          [(9)] (10) (a) "Firearm" means a pistol, revolver, shotgun, sawed-off shotgun, rifle or
             127      sawed-off rifle, or any device that could be used as a dangerous weapon from which is expelled
             128      a projectile by action of an explosive.
             129          (b) As used in Sections 76-10-526 and 76-10-527 , "firearm" does not include an
             130      antique firearm.
             131          [(10)] (11) "Firearms transaction record form" means a form created by the division to
             132      be completed by a person purchasing, selling, or transferring a handgun from a dealer in the
             133      state.
             134          [(11)] (12) "Fully automatic weapon" means any firearm which fires, is designed to
             135      fire, or can be readily restored to fire, automatically more than one shot without manual
             136      reloading by a single function of the trigger.
             137          [(12)] (13) (a) "Handgun" means a pistol, revolver, or other firearm of any description,
             138      loaded or unloaded, from which any shot, bullet, or other missile can be discharged, the length
             139      of which, not including any revolving, detachable, or magazine breech, does not exceed 12
             140      inches.
             141          (b) As used in Sections 76-10-520 , 76-10-521 , and 76-10-522 , "handgun" and "pistol
             142      or revolver" do not include an antique firearm.
             143          [(13)] (14) "House of worship" means a church, temple, synagogue, mosque, or other
             144      building set apart primarily for the purpose of worship in which religious services are held and
             145      the main body of which is kept for that use and not put to any other use inconsistent with its
             146      primary purpose.
             147          [(14)] (15) "Prohibited area" means any place where it is unlawful to discharge a
             148      firearm.
             149          [(15)] (16) "Readily accessible for immediate use" means that a firearm or other
             150      dangerous weapon is carried on the person or within such close proximity and in such a manner
             151      that it can be retrieved and used as readily as if carried on the person.

             152          [(16)] (17) "Residence" means an improvement to real property used or occupied as a
             153      primary or secondary residence.
             154          [(17)] (18) "Sawed-off shotgun" or "sawed-off rifle" means a shotgun having a barrel
             155      or barrels of fewer than 18 inches in length, or in the case of a rifle, having a barrel or barrels
             156      of fewer than 16 inches in length, or any dangerous weapon made from a rifle or shotgun by
             157      alteration, modification, or otherwise, if the weapon as modified has an overall length of fewer
             158      than 26 inches.
             159          [(18)] (19) "Securely encased" means not readily accessible for immediate use, such as
             160      held in a gun rack, or in a closed case or container, whether or not locked, or in a trunk or other
             161      storage area of a motor vehicle, not including a glove box or console box.
             162          [(19)] (20) "State entity" means each department, commission, board, council, agency,
             163      institution, officer, corporation, fund, division, office, committee, authority, laboratory, library,
             164      unit, bureau, panel, or other administrative unit of the state.
             165          [(20)] (21) "Violent felony" means the same as defined in Section 76-3-203.5 .

Legislative Review Note
    as of 2-7-08 8:01 AM

Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel

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