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S.B. 15 Enrolled

             1     

DRIVING UNDER THE INFLUENCE

             2     
AMENDMENTS

             3     
2008 GENERAL SESSION

             4     
STATE OF UTAH

             5     
Chief Sponsor: Carlene M. Walker

             6     
House Sponsor: Paul Ray

             7     
             8      LONG TITLE
             9      General Description:
             10          This bill amends provisions relating to driving under the influence.
             11      Highlighted Provisions:
             12          This bill:
             13          .    amends definitions;
             14          .    enacts an impaired driving plea;
             15          .    provides that a plea to a driving under the influence violation for an offense
             16      committed on or after July 1, 2008 may be entered as an impaired driving conviction
             17      in certain circumstances;
             18          .    provides that an impaired driving violation is a class B misdemeanor;
             19          .    provides requirements for a court entering a conviction of impaired driving in certain
             20      circumstances;
             21          .    requires the court to notify the Driver License Division of an impaired driving     
             22          conviction;
             23          .    provides sentencing requirements for impaired driving convictions;
             24          .    provides that certain plea requirements when the prosecution agrees to a plea of
             25      guilty or no contest to an alcohol or drug-related reckless charge in satisfaction or
             26      substitute of an original charge of driving under the influence only apply to an
             27      offense committed before July 1, 2008;
             28          .    clarifies that certain license reinstatement provisions only apply to a certain 90 day
             29      suspension period imposed by the Driver License Division;


             30          .    increases the administrative impound fee for a driving under the influence violation
             31      impound; and
             32          .    makes technical changes.
             33      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             34          This bill appropriates:
             35          .    as an ongoing appropriation subject to future budget constraints, $660,000 from the
             36      General Fund for fiscal year 2008-09 to the Department of Public Safety, Utah
             37      Highway Patrol; and
             38          .    as an ongoing appropriation subject to future budget constraints, $660,000 from the
             39      General Fund for fiscal year 2008-09 to the Department of Public Safety, Liquor
             40      Law Enforcement Program.
             41      Other Special Clauses:
             42          This bill provides an effective date.
             43      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             44      AMENDS:
             45          41-6a-501, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2005, Chapter 2
             46          41-6a-510, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2005, Chapter 2
             47          41-6a-512, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2005, Chapter 2
             48          41-6a-518.2, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapter 341
             49          41-6a-529, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 261
             50          41-6a-1406, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2005, Chapter 56 and renumbered and
             51      amended by Laws of Utah 2005, Chapter 2
             52          53-3-220, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 261
             53          53-3-223, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 261
             54          76-5-207, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapter 341
             55          76-10-528, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2005, Chapter 2
             56      ENACTS:
             57          41-6a-502.5, Utah Code Annotated 1953


             58     
             59      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             60          Section 1. Section 41-6a-501 is amended to read:
             61           41-6a-501. Definitions.
             62          (1) As used in this part:
             63          (a) "Assessment" means an in-depth clinical interview with a licensed mental health
             64      therapist:
             65          (i) used to determine if a person is in need of:
             66          (A) substance abuse treatment that is obtained at a substance abuse program;
             67          (B) an educational series; or
             68          (C) a combination of Subsections (1)(a)(i)(A) and (B); and
             69          (ii) that is approved by the Board of Substance Abuse and Mental Health in accordance
             70      with Section 62A-15-105 .
             71          (b) "Drug" or "drugs" means:
             72          (i) a controlled substance as defined in Section 58-37-2 ;
             73          (ii) a drug as defined in Section 58-17b-102 ; or
             74          (iii) any substance that, when knowingly, intentionally, or recklessly taken into the
             75      human body, can impair the ability of a person to safely operate a motor vehicle.
             76          [(b)] (c) "Educational series" means an educational series obtained at a substance abuse
             77      program that is approved by the Board of Substance Abuse and Mental Health in accordance
             78      with Section 62A-15-105 .
             79          [(c)] (d) "Negligence" means simple negligence, the failure to exercise that degree of
             80      care that an ordinarily reasonable and prudent person exercises under like or similar
             81      circumstances.
             82          [(d)] (e) "Screening" means a preliminary appraisal of a person:
             83          (i) used to determine if the person is in need of:
             84          (A) an assessment; or
             85          (B) an educational series; and


             86          (ii) that is approved by the Board of Substance Abuse and Mental Health in accordance
             87      with Section 62A-15-105 .
             88          [(e)] (f) "Serious bodily injury" means bodily injury that creates or causes:
             89          (i) serious permanent disfigurement;
             90          (ii) protracted loss or impairment of the function of any bodily member or organ; or
             91          (iii) a substantial risk of death.
             92          [(f)] (g) "Substance abuse treatment" means treatment obtained at a substance abuse
             93      program that is approved by the Board of Substance Abuse and Mental Health in accordance
             94      with Section 62A-15-105 .
             95          [(g)] (h) "Substance abuse treatment program" means a state licensed substance abuse
             96      program.
             97          [(h)] (i) (i) "Vehicle" or "motor vehicle" means a vehicle or motor vehicle as defined in
             98      Section 41-6a-102 ; and
             99          (ii) "Vehicle" or "motor vehicle" includes:
             100          (A) an off-highway vehicle as defined under Section 41-22-2 ; and
             101          (B) a motorboat as defined in Section 73-18-2 .
             102          (2) As used in Section 41-6a-503 :
             103          (a) "Conviction" means any conviction for a violation of:
             104          (i) driving under the influence under Section 41-6a-502 ;
             105          (ii) (A) for an offense committed before July 1, 2008, alcohol, any drug, or a
             106      combination of both-related reckless driving under [Sections]:
             107          (I) Section 41-6a-512 ; and
             108          (II) Section 41-6a-528 ; or
             109          (B) for an offense committed on or after July 1, 2008, impaired driving under Section
             110      41-6a-502.5 ;
             111          (iii) driving with any measurable controlled substance that is taken illegally in the body
             112      under Section 41-6a-517 ;
             113          (iv) local ordinances similar to Section 41-6a-502 [or], alcohol, any drug, or a


             114      combination of both-related reckless driving, or impaired driving under Section 41-6a-502.5
             115      adopted in compliance with Section 41-6a-510 ;
             116          (v) automobile homicide under Section 76-5-207 ;
             117          (vi) Subsection 58-37-8 (2)(g);
             118          (vii) a violation described in Subsections (2)(a)(i) through (vi), which judgment of
             119      conviction is reduced under Section 76-3-402 ; or
             120          (viii) statutes or ordinances previously in effect in this state or in effect in any other
             121      state, the United States, or any district, possession, or territory of the United States which
             122      would constitute a violation of Section 41-6a-502 or alcohol, any drug, or a combination of
             123      both-related reckless driving if committed in this state, including punishments administered
             124      under 10 U.S.C. Sec. 815.
             125          (b) A plea of guilty or no contest to a violation described in Subsections (2)(a)(i)
             126      through (viii) which plea [is] was held in abeyance under Title 77, Chapter 2a, Pleas in
             127      Abeyance, prior to July 1, 2008, is the equivalent of a conviction, even if the charge has been
             128      subsequently reduced or dismissed in accordance with the plea in abeyance agreement, for
             129      purposes of:
             130          (i) enhancement of penalties under:
             131          (A) this Chapter 6a, Part 5, Driving Under the Influence and Reckless Driving; and
             132          (B) automobile homicide under Section 76-5-207 ; and
             133          (ii) expungement under Section 77-18-12 .
             134          Section 2. Section 41-6a-502.5 is enacted to read:
             135          41-6a-502.5. Impaired driving -- Penalty -- Sentencing requirements.
             136          (1) With the agreement of the prosecutor, a plea to a class B misdemeanor violation of
             137      Section 41-6a-502 committed on or after July 1, 2008, may be entered as a conviction of
             138      impaired driving under this section if:
             139          (a) the defendant completes court ordered probation requirements; or
             140          (b) (i) the prosecutor agrees as part of a negotiated plea; and
             141          (ii) the court finds the plea to be in the interest of justice.


             142          (2) A conviction entered under this section is a class B misdemeanor.
             143          (3) (a) (i) If the entry of an impaired driving plea is based on successful completion of
             144      probation under Subsection (1)(a), the court shall enter the conviction at the time of the plea.
             145          (ii) If the defendant fails to appear before the court and establish successful completion
             146      of the court ordered probation requirements under Subsection (1)(a), the court shall enter an
             147      amended conviction of Section 41-6a-502 .
             148          (iii) The date of entry of the amended order under Subsection (3)(a)(ii) is the date of
             149      conviction.
             150          (b) The court may enter a conviction of impaired driving immediately under Subsection
             151      (1)(b).
             152          (4) For purposes of Section 76-3-402 , the entry of a plea to a class B misdemeanor
             153      violation of Section 41-6a-502 as impaired driving under this section is a reduction of one
             154      degree.
             155          (5) The court shall notify the Driver License Division of each conviction entered under
             156      this section.
             157          (6) (a) The provisions in Subsections 41-6a-505 (1), (2), and (3) that require a
             158      sentencing court to order a convicted person to participate in a screening, an assessment, or an
             159      educational series, or obtain substance abuse treatment or do a combination of those things,
             160      apply to a conviction entered under this section.
             161          (b) The court shall render the same order regarding screening, assessment, an
             162      educational series, or substance abuse treatment in connection with a first, second, or
             163      subsequent conviction under this section as the court would render in connection with applying
             164      respectively, the first, second, or subsequent conviction requirements of Subsection
             165      41-6a-505 (1), (2), or (3).
             166          Section 3. Section 41-6a-510 is amended to read:
             167           41-6a-510. Local DUI and related ordinances and reckless driving and impaired
             168      driving ordinances -- Consistent with code.
             169          (1) An ordinance adopted by a local authority that governs the following matters shall


             170      be consistent with the provisions in this code which govern the following matters:
             171          (a) a person's operating or being in actual physical control of a motor vehicle while
             172      having alcohol in the blood or while under the influence of alcohol or any drug or the combined
             173      influence of alcohol and any drug; or
             174          (b) in relation to any of the matters described in Subsection (1)(a), the use of:
             175          (i) a chemical test or chemical tests;
             176          (ii) evidentiary presumptions;
             177          (iii) penalties; or
             178          (iv) any combination of the matters described in Subsection (1).
             179          (2) An ordinance adopted by a local authority that governs reckless driving, impaired
             180      driving, or operating a vehicle in willful or wanton disregard for the safety of persons or
             181      property shall be consistent with the provisions of this code which govern those matters.
             182          Section 4. Section 41-6a-512 is amended to read:
             183           41-6a-512. Factual basis for alcohol or drug-related reckless driving plea.
             184          (1) (a) The prosecution shall state for the record a factual basis for a plea, including
             185      whether or not there had been consumption of alcohol, drugs, or a combination of both, by the
             186      defendant in connection with the violation when the prosecution agrees to a plea of guilty or no
             187      contest to a charge of a violation of the following in satisfaction of, or as a substitute for, an
             188      original charge of a violation of Section 41-6a-502 for an offense committed before July 1,
             189      2008:
             190          (i) reckless driving under Section 41-6a-528 ; or
             191          (ii) an ordinance enacted under Section 41-6a-510 .
             192          (b) The statement under Subsection (1)(a) is an offer of proof of the facts that shows
             193      whether there was consumption of alcohol, drugs, or a combination of both, by the defendant,
             194      in connection with the violation.
             195          (2) The court shall advise the defendant before accepting the plea offered under this
             196      section of the consequences of a violation of Section 41-6a-528 .
             197          (3) The court shall notify the Driver License Division of each conviction of Section


             198      41-6a-528 entered under this section.
             199          (4) (a) The provisions in Subsections 41-6a-505 (1), (2), and (3) that require a
             200      sentencing court to order a convicted person to participate in a screening, an assessment, or an
             201      educational series or obtain substance abuse treatment or do a combination of those things,
             202      apply to a conviction for a violation of Section 41-6a-528 under Subsection (1).
             203          (b) The court shall render the same order regarding screening, assessment, an
             204      educational series, or substance abuse treatment in connection with a first, second, or
             205      subsequent conviction under Section 41-6a-528 under Subsection (1), as the court would render
             206      in connection with applying respectively, the first, second, or subsequent conviction
             207      requirements of Subsections 41-6a-505 (1), (2), and (3).
             208          Section 5. Section 41-6a-518.2 is amended to read:
             209           41-6a-518.2. Interlock restricted driver -- Penalties for operation without ignition
             210      interlock system.
             211          (1) As used in this section:
             212          (a) "ignition interlock system" means a constant monitoring device or any similar device
             213      that:
             214          (i) is in working order at the time of operation or actual physical control; and
             215          (ii) is certified by the Commissioner of Public Safety in accordance with Subsection
             216      41-6a-518 (8); and
             217          (b) (i) "interlock restricted driver" means a person who:
             218          (A) has been ordered by a court or the Board of Pardons and Parole as a condition of
             219      probation or parole not to operate a motor vehicle without an ignition interlock system;
             220          (B) (I) within the last three years has been convicted of an offense that occurred after
             221      May 1, 2006 which would be a conviction as defined under Section 41-6a-501 ; and
             222          (II) the [conviction] offense described under Subsection (1)(b)(i)(B)(I) is committed
             223      within ten years [of one or more prior convictions] from the date that one or more prior
             224      offenses was committed if the prior offense resulted in a conviction as defined in Subsection
             225      41-6a-501 (2);


             226          (C) within the last three years has been convicted of a violation of this section;
             227          (D) within the last three years has had the person's driving privilege revoked for refusal
             228      to submit to a chemical test under Section 41-6a-520 , which refusal occurred after May 1,
             229      2006;
             230          (E) within the last three years has been convicted of a violation of Section 41-6a-502
             231      and was under the age of 21 at the time the offense was committed;
             232          [(E)] (F) within the last six years has been convicted of a felony violation of Section
             233      41-6a-502 for an offense that occurred after May 1, 2006; or
             234          [(F)] (G) within the last ten years has been convicted of automobile homicide under
             235      Section 76-5-207 for an offense that occurred after May 1, 2006; and
             236          (ii) "interlock restricted driver" does not include a person if:
             237          (A) the person's conviction described in Subsection (1)(b)(i)(B)(I) is a conviction under
             238      Section 41-6a-517 ; and
             239          (B) all of the person's prior convictions described in Subsection (1)(b)(i)(B)(II) are
             240      convictions under Section 41-6a-517 .
             241          (2) For purposes of this section, a plea of guilty or no contest to a violation of Section
             242      41-6a-502 which plea [is] was held in abeyance under Title 77, Chapter 2a, Pleas in Abeyance,
             243      prior to July 1, 2008, is the equivalent of a conviction, even if the charge has been subsequently
             244      reduced or dismissed in accordance with the plea in abeyance agreement.
             245          (3) An interlock restricted driver that operates or is in actual physical control of a
             246      vehicle in this state without an ignition interlock system is guilty of a class B misdemeanor.
             247          (4) (a) It is an affirmative defense to a charge of a violation of Subsection (3) if:
             248          (i) an interlock restricted driver:
             249          (A) operated or was in actual physical control of a vehicle owned by the interlock
             250      restricted driver's employer;
             251          (B) had given written notice to the employer of the interlock restricted driver's interlock
             252      restricted status prior to the operation or actual physical control under Subsection (4)(a)(i); and
             253          (C) had on the interlock restricted driver's person or in the vehicle at the time of


             254      operation or physical control proof of having given notice to the interlock restricted driver's
             255      employer; and
             256          (ii) the operation or actual physical control under Subsection (4)(a)(i)(A) was in the
             257      scope of the interlock restricted driver's employment.
             258          (b) The affirmative defense under Subsection (4)(a) does not apply to:
             259          (i) an employer-owned motor vehicle that is made available to an interlock restricted
             260      driver for personal use; or
             261          (ii) a motor vehicle owned by a business entity that is all or partly owned or controlled
             262      by the interlock restricted driver.
             263          Section 6. Section 41-6a-529 is amended to read:
             264           41-6a-529. Definitions -- Alcohol restricted drivers.
             265          (1) As used in this section and Section 41-6a-530 , "alcohol restricted driver" means a
             266      person who:
             267          (a) within the last two years:
             268          (i) has been convicted of:
             269          (A) a misdemeanor violation of Section 41-6a-502 ;
             270          (B) alcohol, any drug, or a combination of both-related reckless driving under Section
             271      41-6a-512 ;
             272          (C) impaired driving under Section 41-6a-502.5 ;
             273          [(C)] (D) local ordinances similar to Section 41-6a-502 [or], alcohol, any drug, or a
             274      combination of both-related reckless driving, or impaired driving adopted in compliance with
             275      Section 41-6a-510 ;
             276          [(D)] (E) a violation described in Subsections (1)(a)(i)(A) through [(C)] (D), which
             277      judgment of conviction is reduced under Section 76-3-402 ; or
             278          [(E)] (F) statutes or ordinances previously in effect in this state or in effect in any other
             279      state, the United States, or any district, possession, or territory of the United States which
             280      would constitute a violation of Section 41-6a-502 [or], alcohol, any drug, or a combination of
             281      both-related reckless driving, or impaired driving if committed in this state, including


             282      punishments administered under 10 U.S.C. Sec. 815; or
             283          (ii) has had the person's driving privilege suspended under Section 53-3-223 for an
             284      alcohol-related offense based on an arrest which occurred on or after July 1, 2005;
             285          (b) within the last three years has been convicted of a violation of this section or
             286      Section 41-6a-518.2 ;
             287          (c) within the last five years:
             288          (i) has had the person's driving privilege revoked for refusal to submit to a chemical test
             289      under Section 41-6a-520 , which refusal occurred on or after July 1, 2005; or
             290          (ii) [(A)] has been convicted of [an offense described in Subsection (1)(a)(i); and] a
             291      class A misdemeanor violation of Section 41-6a-502 committed on or after July 1, 2008;
             292          [(B) at the time of operation or actual physical control of a vehicle the person:]
             293          [(I) is 21 years of age or older; and]
             294          [(II) has a passenger under 16 years of age in the vehicle;]
             295          (d) within the last ten years:
             296          (i) has been convicted of an offense described in Subsection (1)(a)(i) which [conviction]
             297      offense was committed within ten years of [a prior conviction for an] the commission of a prior
             298      offense described in Subsection (1)(a)(i) for which the person was convicted; or
             299          (ii) has had the person's driving privilege revoked for refusal to submit to a chemical
             300      test and the refusal is within ten years after:
             301          (A) a prior refusal to submit to a chemical test under Section 41-6a-520 ; or
             302          (B) a prior conviction for an offense described in Subsection (1)(a)(i) which is not
             303      based on the same arrest as the refusal; [or]
             304          (e) at any time has been convicted of:
             305          (i) automobile homicide under Section 76-5-207 for an offense that occurred on or after
             306      July 1, 2005; or
             307          (ii) a felony violation of Section 41-6a-502 for an offense that occurred on or after July
             308      1, 2005[.]; or
             309          (f) at the time of operation of a vehicle is under 21 years of age.


             310          (2) For purposes of this section and Section 41-6a-530 , a plea of guilty or no contest to
             311      a violation described in Subsection (1)(a)(i) which plea [is] was held in abeyance under Title 77,
             312      Chapter 2a, Pleas in Abeyance, prior to July 1, 2008, is the equivalent of a conviction, even if
             313      the charge has been subsequently reduced or dismissed in accordance with the plea in abeyance
             314      agreement.
             315          Section 7. Section 41-6a-1406 is amended to read:
             316           41-6a-1406. Removal and impoundment of vehicles -- Reporting and notification
             317      requirements -- Administrative impound fee -- Refunds -- Possessory lien -- Rulemaking.
             318          (1) If a vehicle, vessel, or outboard motor is removed or impounded as provided under
             319      Section 41-1a-1101 , 41-6a-527 , 41-6a-1405 , 41-6a-1408 , or 73-18-20.1 by an order of a peace
             320      officer or by an order of a person acting on behalf of a law enforcement agency or highway
             321      authority, the removal or impoundment of the vehicle, vessel, or outboard motor shall be at the
             322      expense of the owner.
             323          (2) The vehicle, vessel, or outboard motor under Subsection (1) shall be removed or
             324      impounded to:
             325          (a) a state impound yard; or
             326          (b) if none, a garage, docking area, or other place of safety.
             327          (3) The peace officer may move a vehicle, vessel, or outboard motor or cause it to be
             328      removed by a tow truck motor carrier that meets standards established:
             329          (a) under Title 72, Chapter 9, Motor Carrier Safety Act; and
             330          (b) by the department under Subsection (10).
             331          (4) (a) Immediately after the removal of the vehicle, vessel, or outboard motor, a report
             332      of the removal shall be sent to the Motor Vehicle Division by:
             333          (i) the peace officer or agency by whom the peace officer is employed; and
             334          (ii) the tow truck operator or the tow truck motor carrier by whom the tow truck
             335      operator is employed.
             336          (b) The report shall be in a form specified by the Motor Vehicle Division and shall
             337      include:


             338          (i) the operator's name, if known;
             339          (ii) a description of the vehicle, vessel, or outboard motor;
             340          (iii) the vehicle identification number or vessel or outboard motor identification number;
             341          (iv) the license number or other identification number issued by a state agency;
             342          (v) the date, time, and place of impoundment;
             343          (vi) the reason for removal or impoundment;
             344          (vii) the name of the tow truck motor carrier who removed the vehicle, vessel, or
             345      outboard motor; and
             346          (viii) the place where the vehicle, vessel, or outboard motor is stored.
             347          (c) Until the tow truck operator or tow truck motor carrier reports the removal as
             348      required under this Subsection (4), a tow truck motor carrier or impound yard may not:
             349          (i) collect any fee associated with the removal; and
             350          (ii) begin charging storage fees.
             351          (5) (a) Upon receipt of the report, the Motor Vehicle Division shall give notice to the
             352      registered owner of the vehicle, vessel, or outboard motor and any lien holder in the manner
             353      prescribed by Section 41-1a-114 .
             354          (b) The notice shall:
             355          (i) state the date, time, and place of removal, the name, if applicable, of the person
             356      operating the vehicle, vessel, or outboard motor at the time of removal, the reason for removal,
             357      and the place where the vehicle, vessel, or outboard motor is stored;
             358          (ii) state that the registered owner is responsible for payment of towing, impound, and
             359      storage fees charged against the vehicle, vessel, or outboard motor;
             360          (iii) inform the registered owner of the vehicle, vessel, or outboard motor of the
             361      conditions that must be satisfied before the vehicle, vessel, or outboard motor is released; and
             362          (iv) inform the registered owner and lienholder of the division's intent to sell the vehicle,
             363      vessel, or outboard motor, if within 30 days from the date of the removal or impoundment
             364      under this section, the owner, lien holder, or the owner's agent fails to make a claim for release
             365      of the vehicle, vessel, or outboard motor.


             366          (c) If the vehicle, vessel, or outboard motor is not registered in this state, the Motor
             367      Vehicle Division shall make a reasonable effort to notify the registered owner and any lien
             368      holder of the removal and the place where the vehicle, vessel, or outboard motor is stored.
             369          (d) The Motor Vehicle Division shall forward a copy of the notice to the place where
             370      the vehicle, vessel, or outboard motor is stored.
             371          (6) (a) The vehicle, vessel, or outboard motor shall be released after the registered
             372      owner, lien holder, or the owner's agent:
             373          (i) makes a claim for release of the vehicle, vessel, or outboard motor at any office of
             374      the State Tax Commission;
             375          (ii) presents identification sufficient to prove ownership of the impounded vehicle,
             376      vessel, or outboard motor;
             377          (iii) completes the registration, if needed, and pays the appropriate fees;
             378          (iv) if the impoundment was made under Section 41-6a-527 , pays an administrative
             379      impound fee of [$230] $330; and
             380          (v) pays all towing and storage fees to the place where the vehicle, vessel, or outboard
             381      motor is stored.
             382          (b) (i) Twenty-nine dollars of the administrative impound fee assessed under Subsection
             383      (6)(a)(iv) shall be dedicated credits to the Motor Vehicle Division;
             384          (ii) $97 of the administrative impound fee assessed under Subsection (6)(a)(iv) shall be
             385      deposited in the Department of Public Safety Restricted Account created in Section 53-3-106 ;
             386      and
             387          (iii) the remainder of the administrative impound fee assessed under Subsection
             388      (6)(a)(iv) shall be deposited in the General Fund.
             389          (c) The administrative impound fee assessed under Subsection (6)(a)(iv) shall be waived
             390      or refunded by the State Tax Commission if the registered owner, lien holder, or owner's agent
             391      presents written evidence to the State Tax Commission that:
             392          (i) the Driver License Division determined that the arrested person's driver license
             393      should not be suspended or revoked under Section 53-3-223 or 41-6a-521 as shown by a letter


             394      or other report from the Driver License Division presented within 30 days of the final
             395      notification from the Driver License Division; or
             396          (ii) the vehicle was stolen at the time of the impoundment as shown by a copy of the
             397      stolen vehicle report presented within 30 days of the impoundment.
             398          (7) (a) An impounded vehicle, vessel, or outboard motor not claimed by the registered
             399      owner or the owner's agent within the time prescribed by Section 41-1a-1103 shall be sold in
             400      accordance with that section and the proceeds, if any, shall be disposed of as provided under
             401      Section 41-1a-1104 .
             402          (b) The date of impoundment is considered the date of seizure for computing the time
             403      period provided under Section 41-1a-1103 .
             404          (8) The registered owner who pays all fees and charges incurred in the impoundment of
             405      the owner's vehicle, vessel, or outboard motor, has a cause of action for all the fees and charges,
             406      together with damages, court costs, and attorney fees, against the operator of the vehicle,
             407      vessel, or outboard motor whose actions caused the removal or impoundment.
             408          (9) Towing, impound fees, and storage fees are a possessory lien on the vehicle, vessel,
             409      or outboard motor.
             410          (10) In accordance with Title 63, Chapter 46a, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act,
             411      the department shall make rules setting the performance standards for towing companies to be
             412      used by the department.
             413          (11) (a) The Motor Vehicle Division may specify that a report required under
             414      Subsection (4) be submitted in electronic form utilizing a database for submission, storage, and
             415      retrieval of the information.
             416          (b) (i) Unless otherwise provided by statute, the Motor Vehicle Division or the
             417      administrator of the database may adopt a schedule of fees assessed for utilizing the database.
             418          (ii) The fees under this Subsection (11)(b) shall:
             419          (A) be reasonable and fair; and
             420          (B) reflect the cost of administering the database.
             421          Section 8. Section 53-3-220 is amended to read:


             422           53-3-220. Offenses requiring mandatory revocation, denial, suspension, or
             423      disqualification of license -- Offense requiring an extension of period -- Hearing --
             424      Limited driving privileges.
             425          (1) (a) The division shall immediately revoke or, when this chapter or Title 41, Chapter
             426      6a, Traffic Code, specifically provides for denial, suspension, or disqualification, the division
             427      shall deny, suspend, or disqualify the license of a person upon receiving a record of the person's
             428      conviction for any of the following offenses:
             429          (i) manslaughter or negligent homicide resulting from driving a motor vehicle, or
             430      automobile homicide under Section 76-5-207 ;
             431          (ii) driving or being in actual physical control of a motor vehicle while under the
             432      influence of alcohol, any drug, or combination of them to a degree that renders the person
             433      incapable of safely driving a motor vehicle as prohibited in Section 41-6a-502 or as prohibited in
             434      an ordinance that complies with the requirements of Subsection 41-6a-510 (1);
             435          (iii) driving or being in actual physical control of a motor vehicle while having a blood
             436      or breath alcohol content prohibited in Section 41-6a-502 or as prohibited in an ordinance that
             437      complies with the requirements of Subsection 41-6a-510 (1);
             438          (iv) perjury or the making of a false affidavit to the division under this chapter, Title 41,
             439      Motor Vehicles, or any other law of this state requiring the registration of motor vehicles or
             440      regulating driving on highways;
             441          (v) any felony under the motor vehicle laws of this state;
             442          (vi) any other felony in which a motor vehicle is used to facilitate the offense;
             443          (vii) failure to stop and render aid as required under the laws of this state if a motor
             444      vehicle accident results in the death or personal injury of another;
             445          (viii) two charges of reckless driving, impaired driving, or any combination of reckless
             446      driving and impaired driving committed within a period of 12 months; but if upon a first
             447      conviction of reckless driving or impaired driving the judge or justice recommends suspension
             448      of the convicted person's license, the division may after a hearing suspend the license for a
             449      period of three months;


             450          (ix) failure to bring a motor vehicle to a stop at the command of a peace officer as
             451      required in Section 41-6a-210 ;
             452          (x) any offense specified in Part 4, Uniform Commercial Driver License Act, that
             453      requires disqualification;
             454          (xi) discharging or allowing the discharge of a firearm from a vehicle in violation of
             455      Subsection 76-10-508 (2);
             456          (xii) using, allowing the use of, or causing to be used any explosive, chemical, or
             457      incendiary device from a vehicle in violation of Subsection 76-10-306 (4)(b);
             458          (xiii) operating or being in actual physical control of a motor vehicle while having any
             459      measurable controlled substance or metabolite of a controlled substance in the person's body in
             460      violation of Section 41-6a-517 ;
             461          (xiv) until July 30, 2015, operating or being in actual physical control of a motor vehicle
             462      while having any alcohol in the person's body in violation of Section 53-3-232 ;
             463          (xv) operating or being in actual physical control of a motor vehicle while having any
             464      measurable or detectable amount of alcohol in the person's body in violation of Section
             465      41-6a-530 ;
             466          (xvi) engaging in a motor vehicle speed contest or exhibition of speed on a highway in
             467      violation of Section 41-6a-606 ; and
             468          (xvii) operating or being in actual physical control of a motor vehicle in this state
             469      without an ignition interlock system in violation of Section 41-6a-518.2 .
             470          (b) The division shall immediately revoke the license of a person upon receiving a
             471      record of an adjudication under Title 78, Chapter 3a, Juvenile Court Act of 1996, for any of the
             472      following offenses:
             473          (i) discharging or allowing the discharge of a firearm from a vehicle in violation of
             474      Subsection 76-10-508 (2); and
             475          (ii) using, allowing the use of, or causing to be used any explosive, chemical, or
             476      incendiary device from a vehicle in violation of Subsection 76-10-306 (4)(b).
             477          (c) Except when action is taken under Section 53-3-219 for the same offense, the


             478      division shall immediately suspend for six months the license of a person upon receiving a
             479      record of conviction for any of the following offenses:
             480          (i) any violation of:
             481          (A) Title 58, Chapter 37, Utah Controlled Substances Act;
             482          (B) Title 58, Chapter 37a, Utah Drug Paraphernalia Act;
             483          (C) Title 58, Chapter 37b, Imitation Controlled Substances Act;
             484          (D) Title 58, Chapter 37c, Utah Controlled Substance Precursor Act; or
             485          (E) Title 58, Chapter 37d, Clandestine Drug Lab Act; or
             486          (ii) any criminal offense that prohibits:
             487          (A) possession, distribution, manufacture, cultivation, sale, or transfer of any substance
             488      that is prohibited under the acts described in Subsection (1)(c)(i); or
             489          (B) the attempt or conspiracy to possess, distribute, manufacture, cultivate, sell, or
             490      transfer any substance that is prohibited under the acts described in Subsection (1)(c)(i).
             491          (2) The division shall extend the period of the first denial, suspension, revocation, or
             492      disqualification for an additional like period, to a maximum of one year for each subsequent
             493      occurrence, upon receiving:
             494          (a) a record of the conviction of any person on a charge of driving a motor vehicle
             495      while the person's license is denied, suspended, revoked, or disqualified;
             496          (b) a record of a conviction of the person for any violation of the motor vehicle law in
             497      which the person was involved as a driver;
             498          (c) a report of an arrest of the person for any violation of the motor vehicle law in
             499      which the person was involved as a driver; or
             500          (d) a report of an accident in which the person was involved as a driver.
             501          (3) When the division receives a report under Subsection (2)(c) or (d) that a person is
             502      driving while the person's license is denied, suspended, disqualified, or revoked, the person is
             503      entitled to a hearing regarding the extension of the time of denial, suspension, disqualification,
             504      or revocation originally imposed under Section 53-3-221 .
             505          (4) (a) The division may extend to a person the limited privilege of driving a motor


             506      vehicle to and from the person's place of employment or within other specified limits on
             507      recommendation of the trial judge in any case where a person is convicted of any of the offenses
             508      referred to in Subsections (1) and (2) except:
             509          (i) automobile homicide under Subsection (1)(a)(i);
             510          (ii) those offenses referred to in Subsections (1)(a)(ii), (a)(iii), (a)(xi), (a)(xii), (a)(xiii),
             511      (1)(b), and (1)(c); and
             512          (iii) those offenses referred to in Subsection (2) when the original denial, suspension,
             513      revocation, or disqualification was imposed because of a violation of Section 41-6a-502 ,
             514      41-6a-517 , a local ordinance which complies with the requirements of Subsection 41-6a-510 (1),
             515      Section 41-6a-520 , or Section 76-5-207 , or a criminal prohibition that the person was charged
             516      with violating as a result of a plea bargain after having been originally charged with violating
             517      one or more of these sections or ordinances.
             518          (b) This discretionary privilege is limited to when undue hardship would result from a
             519      failure to grant the privilege and may be granted only once to any individual during any single
             520      period of denial, suspension, revocation, or disqualification, or extension of that denial,
             521      suspension, revocation, or disqualification.
             522          (c) A limited CDL may not be granted to an individual disqualified under Part 4,
             523      Uniform Commercial Driver License Act, or whose license has been revoked, suspended,
             524      cancelled, or denied under this chapter.
             525          Section 9. Section 53-3-223 is amended to read:
             526           53-3-223. Chemical test for driving under the influence -- Temporary license --
             527      Hearing and decision -- Suspension and fee -- Judicial review.
             528          (1) (a) If a peace officer has reasonable grounds to believe that a person may be
             529      violating or has violated Section 41-6a-502 , prohibiting the operation of a vehicle with a certain
             530      blood or breath alcohol concentration and driving under the influence of any drug, alcohol, or
             531      combination of a drug and alcohol or while having any measurable controlled substance or
             532      metabolite of a controlled substance in the person's body in violation of Section 41-6a-517 , the
             533      peace officer may, in connection with arresting the person, request that the person submit to a


             534      chemical test or tests to be administered in compliance with the standards under Section
             535      41-6a-520 .
             536          (b) In this section, a reference to Section 41-6a-502 includes any similar local ordinance
             537      adopted in compliance with Subsection 41-6a-510 (1).
             538          (2) The peace officer shall advise a person prior to the person's submission to a
             539      chemical test that a test result indicating a violation of Section 41-6a-502 or 41-6a-517 shall,
             540      and the existence of a blood alcohol content sufficient to render the person incapable of safely
             541      driving a motor vehicle may, result in suspension or revocation of the person's license to drive a
             542      motor vehicle.
             543          (3) If the person submits to a chemical test and the test results indicate a blood or
             544      breath alcohol content in violation of Section 41-6a-502 or 41-6a-517 , or if a peace officer
             545      makes a determination, based on reasonable grounds, that the person is otherwise in violation of
             546      Section 41-6a-502 , a peace officer shall, on behalf of the division and within 24 hours of arrest,
             547      give notice of the division's intention to suspend the person's license to drive a motor vehicle.
             548          (4) (a) When a peace officer gives notice on behalf of the division, the peace officer
             549      shall:
             550          (i) take the Utah license certificate or permit, if any, of the driver;
             551          (ii) issue a temporary license certificate effective for only 29 days from the date of
             552      arrest; and
             553          (iii) supply to the driver, in a manner specified by the division, basic information
             554      regarding how to obtain a prompt hearing before the division.
             555          (b) A citation issued by a peace officer may, if provided in a manner specified by the
             556      division, also serve as the temporary license certificate.
             557          (5) As a matter of procedure, a peace officer shall send to the division within ten
             558      calendar days after the day on which notice is provided:
             559          (a) the person's license certificate;
             560          (b) a copy of the citation issued for the offense;
             561          (c) a signed report in a manner specified by the division indicating the chemical test


             562      results, if any; and
             563          (d) any other basis for the peace officer's determination that the person has violated
             564      Section 41-6a-502 or 41-6a-517 .
             565          (6) (a) Upon request in a manner specified by the division, the division shall grant to the
             566      person an opportunity to be heard within 29 days after the date of arrest. The request to be
             567      heard shall be made within ten calendar days of the day on which notice is provided under
             568      Subsection (5).
             569          (b) (i) Except as provided in Subsection (6)(b)(ii), a hearing, if held, shall be before the
             570      division in the county in which the arrest occurred.
             571          (ii) The division may hold a hearing in some other county if the division and the person
             572      both agree.
             573          (c) The hearing shall be documented and shall cover the issues of:
             574          (i) whether a peace officer had reasonable grounds to believe the person was driving a
             575      motor vehicle in violation of Section 41-6a-502 or 41-6a-517 ;
             576          (ii) whether the person refused to submit to the test; and
             577          (iii) the test results, if any.
             578          (d) (i) In connection with a hearing the division or its authorized agent:
             579          (A) may administer oaths and may issue subpoenas for the attendance of witnesses and
             580      the production of relevant books and papers; or
             581          (B) may issue subpoenas for the attendance of necessary peace officers.
             582          (ii) The division shall pay witness fees and mileage from the Transportation Fund in
             583      accordance with the rates established in Section 78-46-28 .
             584          (e) The division may designate one or more employees to conduct the hearing.
             585          (f) Any decision made after a hearing before any designated employee is as valid as if
             586      made by the division.
             587          (7) (a) If, after a hearing, the division determines that a peace officer had reasonable
             588      grounds to believe that the person was driving a motor vehicle in violation of Section 41-6a-502
             589      or 41-6a-517 , if the person failed to appear before the division as required in the notice, or if a


             590      hearing is not requested under this section, the division shall suspend the person's license or
             591      permit to operate a motor vehicle for a period of:
             592          (i) 90 days beginning on the 30th day after the date of arrest for a first suspension; or
             593          (ii) one year beginning on the 30th day after the date of arrest for a second or
             594      subsequent suspension for an offense that occurred within the previous ten years.
             595          (b) (i) Notwithstanding the provisions in Subsection (7)(a)(i), the division shall reinstate
             596      a person's license prior to completion of the 90 day suspension period imposed under
             597      Subsection (7)(a)(i) [if the person's charge for a violation of Section 41-6a-502 or 41-6a-517 is
             598      reduced or dismissed]:
             599          (A) immediately upon receiving written verification of the person's dismissal of a charge
             600      for a violation of Section 41-6a-502 or 41-6a-517 , if the written verification is received prior to
             601      completion of the suspension period[.]; or
             602          [(ii) The division shall immediately reinstate a person's license upon receiving written
             603      verification of the person's dismissal of a charge for a violation of Section 41-6a-502 or
             604      41-6a-517 .]
             605          [(iii) The division shall reinstate a person's license no sooner than 60 days beginning on
             606      the 30th day after the date of arrest upon receiving written verification of the person's reduction
             607      of a charge for a violation of Section 41-6a-502 or 41-6a-517 .]
             608          (B) no sooner than 60 days beginning on the 30th day after the date of arrest upon
             609      receiving written verification of the person's reduction of a charge for a violation of Section
             610      41-6a-502 or 41-6a-517 , if the written verification is received prior to completion of the
             611      suspension period.
             612          [(iv)] (ii) If a person's license is reinstated under this Subsection (7)(b), the person is
             613      required to pay the license reinstatement fees under Subsections 53-3-105 (29) and (30).
             614          (iii) The driver license reinstatements authorized under this Subsection (7)(b) only apply
             615      to a 90 day suspension period imposed under Subsection (7)(a)(i).
             616          (8) (a) The division shall assess against a person, in addition to any fee imposed under
             617      Subsection 53-3-205 (13) for driving under the influence, a fee under Section 53-3-105 to cover


             618      administrative costs, which shall be paid before the person's driving privilege is reinstated. This
             619      fee shall be cancelled if the person obtains an unappealed division hearing or court decision that
             620      the suspension was not proper.
             621          (b) A person whose license has been suspended by the division under this section
             622      following an administrative hearing may file a petition within 30 days after the suspension for a
             623      hearing on the matter which, if held, is governed by Section 53-3-224 .
             624          Section 10. Section 76-5-207 is amended to read:
             625           76-5-207. Automobile homicide.
             626          (1) As used in this section[, "motor]:
             627          (a) "Drug" or "drugs" means:
             628          (i) a controlled substance as defined in Section 58-37-2 ;
             629          (ii) a drug as defined in Section 58-17b-102 ; or
             630          (iii) any substance that, when knowingly, intentionally, or recklessly taken into the
             631      human body, can impair the ability of a person to safely operate a motor vehicle.
             632          (b) "Motor vehicle" means any self-propelled vehicle and includes any automobile,
             633      truck, van, motorcycle, train, engine, watercraft, or aircraft.
             634          (2) (a) Criminal homicide is automobile homicide, a third degree felony, if the person
             635      operates a motor vehicle in a negligent manner causing the death of another and:
             636          (i) has sufficient alcohol in his body that a subsequent chemical test shows that the
             637      person has a blood or breath alcohol concentration of .08 grams or greater at the time of the
             638      test;
             639          (ii) is under the influence of alcohol, any drug, or the combined influence of alcohol and
             640      any drug to a degree that renders the person incapable of safely operating a vehicle; or
             641          (iii) has a blood or breath alcohol concentration of .08 grams or greater at the time of
             642      operation.
             643          (b) A conviction for a violation of this Subsection (2) is a second degree felony if it is
             644      subsequent to a conviction as defined in Subsection 41-6a-501 (2).
             645          (c) As used in this Subsection (2), "negligent" means simple negligence, the failure to


             646      exercise that degree of care that reasonable and prudent persons exercise under like or similar
             647      circumstances.
             648          (3) (a) Criminal homicide is automobile homicide, a second degree felony, if the person
             649      operates a motor vehicle in a criminally negligent manner causing the death of another and:
             650          (i) has sufficient alcohol in his body that a subsequent chemical test shows that the
             651      person has a blood or breath alcohol concentration of .08 grams or greater at the time of the
             652      test;
             653          (ii) is under the influence of alcohol, any drug, or the combined influence of alcohol and
             654      any drug to a degree that renders the person incapable of safely operating a vehicle; or
             655          (iii) has a blood or breath alcohol concentration of .08 grams or greater at the time of
             656      operation.
             657          (b) As used in this Subsection (3), "criminally negligent" means criminal negligence as
             658      defined by Subsection 76-2-103 (4).
             659          (4) The standards for chemical breath analysis as provided by Section 41-6a-515 and
             660      the provisions for the admissibility of chemical test results as provided by Section 41-6a-516
             661      apply to determination and proof of blood alcohol content under this section.
             662          (5) Calculations of blood or breath alcohol concentration under this section shall be
             663      made in accordance with Subsection 41-6a-502 (1).
             664          (6) The fact that a person charged with violating this section is or has been legally
             665      entitled to use alcohol or a drug is not a defense.
             666          (7) Evidence of a defendant's blood or breath alcohol content or drug content is
             667      admissible except when prohibited by Rules of Evidence or the constitution.
             668          Section 11. Section 76-10-528 is amended to read:
             669           76-10-528. Carrying a dangerous weapon while under influence of alcohol or
             670      drugs unlawful.
             671          (1) Any person who carries a dangerous weapon while under the influence of alcohol or
             672      a controlled substance as defined in Section 58-37-2 is guilty of a class B misdemeanor. Under
             673      the influence means the same level of influence or blood or breath alcohol concentration as


             674      provided in Subsections 41-6a-502 (1)(a)[(i)] through [(iii)](c).
             675          (2) It is not a defense to prosecution under this section that the person:
             676          (a) is licensed in the pursuit of wildlife of any kind; or
             677          (b) has a valid permit to carry a concealed firearm.
             678          Section 12. Appropriation.
             679          (1) As an ongoing appropriation subject to future budget constraints, there is
             680      appropriated from the General Fund for fiscal year 2008-09, $660,000 to the Department of
             681      Public Safety, Utah Highway Patrol to be used for additional Driving Under the Influence Law
             682      Enforcement Officers.
             683          (2) As an ongoing appropriation subject to future budget constraints, there is
             684      appropriated from the General Fund for fiscal year 2008-09, $660,000 to the Department of
             685      Public Safety, Liquor Law Enforcement Program to be used for additional Liquor Law
             686      Enforcement Officers.
             687          Section 13. Effective date.
             688          (1) Except as provided in Subsection (2), this bill takes effect on July 1, 2008.
             689          (2) If approved by two-thirds of all members elected to each house, the amendments to
             690      Sections 53-3-223 and 76-10-528 take effect upon approval by the governor, or the day
             691      following the constitutional time limit of Utah Constitution, Article VII, Section 8, without the
             692      governor's signature, or in the case of a veto, the date of veto override.


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