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S.B. 92 Enrolled

             1     

REAL PROPERTY RECORDING AMENDMENTS

             2     
2008 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Chief Sponsor: Dennis E. Stowell

             5     
House Sponsor: Stephen H. Urquhart

             6     
             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill addresses the recording of documents concerning real property.
             10      Highlighted Provisions:
             11          This bill:
             12          .    addresses policies and procedures established by a county recorder;
             13          .    requires a county recorder to endorse a document upon acceptance, instead of upon
             14      receipt;
             15          .    addresses a tenancy by the entirety;
             16          .    requires an affidavit concerning a terminated interest in real property due to death to
             17      be accompanied by a government-issued document certifying the death;
             18          .    forbids certain documents from being presented for recording;
             19          .    allows the governor or governor's designee to record a notice of acknowledgment of
             20      an R.S. 2477 right-of-way, with supporting documentation; and
             21          .    makes technical changes.
             22      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             23          None
             24      Other Special Clauses:
             25          None
             26      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             27      AMENDS:
             28          17-21-1, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2003, Chapter 211
             29          17-21-12, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 268


             30          57-1-5, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapter 236
             31          57-1-5.1, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 268
             32          57-3-105, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 268
             33          57-3-106, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapters 268 and 287
             34          72-5-309, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapter 9
             35     
             36      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             37          Section 1. Section 17-21-1 is amended to read:
             38           17-21-1. Recorder -- Document custody responsibility -- Electronic submission
             39      procedures and guidelines.
             40          The county recorder:
             41          (1) is custodian of all recorded documents and records required by law to be recorded;
             42          (2) shall establish policies and procedures that the recorder considers necessary to
             43      protect recorded documents and records in the recorder's custody, including determining the
             44      appropriate method for the public to obtain copies of the public record under Section 17-21-19
             45      and supervision of those who search and make copies of the public record; and
             46          (3) may establish procedures and guidelines to govern the electronic submission of
             47      plats, records, and other documents to the county recorder's office consistent with Title 46,
             48      Chapter 4, Uniform Electronic Transactions Act.
             49          Section 2. Section 17-21-12 is amended to read:
             50           17-21-12. Recording procedures -- Endorsements of entry number required on
             51      documents.
             52          (1) [If] When a document is accepted by the recorder's office for recording, the
             53      recorder shall:
             54          (a) endorse upon the first page of the document an entry number and the time when the
             55      document was [received] accepted, noting the year, month, day, hour, and minute of its
             56      reception, and the amount of fees for recording it; and
             57          (b) record the document during office hours in the order it was accepted.


             58          (2) Each county recorder shall place an entry number or a book and page reference on
             59      each page of a document that the recorder accepts for recording only if the original document
             60      or a copy of the document is kept as a public record under Section 17-21-3 .
             61          (3) (a) A county recorder may[, but is not required to,] endorse each document that the
             62      recorder accepts for recording with a book and page reference.
             63          (b) If a county recorder elects not to endorse a document with a book and page
             64      reference, the book and page reference may be omitted:
             65          (i) in each index required by statute; and
             66          (ii) on each document presented for recording that is required to recite recording data.
             67          (4) Subject to Section 17-21-3 , the county recorder shall return the document to the
             68      person that the recorder considers appropriate.
             69          Section 3. Section 57-1-5 is amended to read:
             70           57-1-5. Creation of joint tenancy presumed -- Tenancy in common -- Severance
             71      of joint tenancy -- Tenants by the entirety.
             72          (1) (a) Beginning on May 5, 1997, every ownership interest in real estate granted to
             73      two persons in their own right who are designated as husband and wife in the granting
             74      documents is presumed to be a joint tenancy interest with rights of survivorship, unless severed,
             75      converted, or expressly declared in the grant to be otherwise.
             76          (b) Every ownership interest in real estate that does not qualify for the joint tenancy
             77      presumption as provided in Subsection (1)(a) is presumed to be a tenancy in common interest
             78      unless expressly declared in the grant to be otherwise.
             79          (2) (a) Use of words "joint tenancy" or "with rights of survivorship" or "and to the
             80      survivor of them" or words of similar import means a joint tenancy.
             81          (b) Use of words "tenancy in common" or "with no rights of survivorship" or
             82      "undivided interest" or words of similar import declare a tenancy in common.
             83          (3) A sole owner of real property creates a joint tenancy in himself and another or
             84      others:
             85          (a) by making a transfer to himself and another or others as joint tenants by use of the


             86      words as provided in Subsection (2)(a); or
             87          (b) by conveying to another person or persons an interest in land in which an interest is
             88      retained by the grantor and by declaring the creation of a joint tenancy by use of the words as
             89      provided in Subsection (2)(a).
             90          (4) In all cases, the interest of joint tenants shall be equal and undivided.
             91          (5) (a) Except as provided in Subsection (5)(b), if a joint tenant makes a bona fide
             92      conveyance of the joint tenant's interest in property held in joint tenancy to himself or another,
             93      the joint tenancy is severed and converted into a tenancy in common.
             94          (b) If there is more than one joint tenant remaining after a joint tenant severs a joint
             95      tenancy under Subsection (5)(a), the remaining joint tenants continue to hold their interest in
             96      joint tenancy.
             97          (6) The amendments to this section in Chapter 124, Laws of Utah 1997 have no
             98      retrospective operation and shall govern instruments executed and recorded on or after May 5,
             99      1997.
             100          (7) Tenants by the entirety are considered to be joint tenants.
             101          Section 4. Section 57-1-5.1 is amended to read:
             102           57-1-5.1. Termination of an interest in real estate -- Affidavit.
             103          (1) Joint tenancy, tenancy by the entirety, life estate, or determinable or conditional
             104      interest in real estate may be terminated by an affidavit that:
             105          (a) meets the requirements of Subsection (2); and
             106          (b) is recorded in the office of the recorder of the county in which the affected property
             107      is located.
             108          (2) Each affidavit required by Subsection (1) shall:
             109          (a) cite the interest [which] that is being terminated;
             110          (b) contain a legal description of the real property that is affected;
             111          (c) reference the entry number and the book and page of the instrument creating the
             112      interest to be terminated; and
             113          (d) if the termination is the result of a death, have attached as an exhibit, a copy of the


             114      death certificate or other document [witnessing] issued by a governmental agency certifying the
             115      death.
             116          (3) The affidavit required by Subsection (1) may be in substantially the following form:
             117                              "Affidavit
             118      State of Utah )
             119      ) ss
             120      County of ___________)
             121          I, (name of affiant), being of legal age and being first duly sworn, depose and state as
             122      follows:
             123          (The name of the deceased person), the decedent in the attached certificate of death or
             124      other document witnessing death is the same person as (the name of the deceased person)
             125      named as a party in the document dated (date of document) as entry _______ in book _______,
             126      page _______ in the records of the (name of county) County Recorder.
             127          This affidavit is given to terminate the decedent's interest in the following described
             128      property located in ___________________ County, State of Utah: (description of the
             129      property).
             130          Dated this ______ day of ___________________, ________.
             131                              _____________________________________
             132                              (Signature of affiant)
             133          Subscribed to and sworn before me this _______ day of _______________,
             134      _________.
             135                              ____________________________________
             136                              Notary public"
             137          Section 5. Section 57-3-105 is amended to read:
             138           57-3-105. Legal description of real property and names and addresses required in
             139      documents.
             140          (1) Except as otherwise provided by statute, a person may not present a document for
             141      recording unless [it] the document complies with [the requirements of] this section.


             142          (2) A document executed after July 1, 1983, is entitled to be recorded in the office of
             143      the recorder of the county in which the property described in the document is located only if the
             144      document contains a legal description of the real property [affected].
             145          (3) (a) A document conveying title to real property presented for recording after July 1,
             146      1981, is entitled to be recorded in the office of the recorder of the county in which the property
             147      described in the document is located only if the document contains the names and mailing
             148      addresses of the grantees in addition to the legal description required under Subsection (2).
             149          (b) The address of the management committee may be used as the mailing address of a
             150      grantee as required in Subsection (3)(a) if the interest conveyed is a timeshare interest as
             151      defined by Section 57-19-2 .
             152          (4) A person may not present and a county recorder may refuse to accept a document
             153      for recording if the document does not conform to [the requirements of] this section.
             154          (5) Notwithstanding Subsections (2), (3), and (4), a master form, as defined in Section
             155      57-3-201 , that does not meet the requirements of Subsections (2) and (3) is entitled to be
             156      recorded in the office of the recorder of the county in which the property described in the
             157      master form is located if it complies with Part 2, Master Mortgage and Trust Deeds.
             158          Section 6. Section 57-3-106 is amended to read:
             159           57-3-106. Original documents required -- Captions -- Legibility.
             160          (1) A person may not present and a county recorder may refuse to accept a document
             161      for recording if the document does not comply with this section.
             162          [(1)] (2) (a) Unless otherwise provided, [documents] a document presented for
             163      recording in the office of the county recorder shall:
             164          (i) be [originals] an original;
             165          (ii) contain a brief caption on the first page of the document stating the nature of the
             166      document; and
             167          (iii) contain a legal description of the property as required under Section 57-3-105 .
             168          (b) If a document is a master form, as defined in Section 57-3-201 , the caption required
             169      by Subsection [(1)] (2)(a)(ii) shall state that the document is a master form.


             170          [(2)] (3) A court judgment or an abstract of a court judgment presented for recording in
             171      the office of the county recorder in compliance with Section 78-22-1 shall:
             172          (a) be an original or certified copy; and
             173          (b) include the information identifying the judgment debtor as referred to in Subsection
             174      78-22-1.5 (4) either:
             175          (i) in the judgment or abstract of judgment; or
             176          (ii) as a separate information statement of the judgment creditor as referred to in
             177      Subsection 78-22-1.5 (5).
             178          [(3) Judgments, abstracts of judgments, and separate information statements]
             179          (4) A judgment, abstract of judgment, and separate information statement of the
             180      judgment creditor [do] does not require an acknowledgment or a legal description to be
             181      recorded.
             182          [(4)] (5) A foreign judgment or an abstract of a foreign judgment recorded in the office
             183      of a county recorder shall include the affidavit as required in Section 78-22a-3 .
             184          [(5)] (6) Any document recorded in the office of the county recorder to release or
             185      assign a judgment lien shall include:
             186          (a) the name of any judgment creditor, debtor, assignor, or assignee;
             187          (b) the date of recording; and
             188          (c) the entry number of the instrument creating the judgment lien.
             189          [(6) Documents] (7) A document presented for recording shall [also] be sufficiently
             190      legible for the recorder to make certified copies of the document.
             191          [(7)] (8) (a) (i) A document that is of record in the office of the appropriate county
             192      recorder in compliance with this chapter may not be recorded again in that same county
             193      recorder's office unless the original document has been reexecuted by all parties who executed
             194      the document.
             195          (ii) Unless exempt by statute, an original [documents] document that [are] is reexecuted
             196      [must also] shall contain the appropriate acknowledgment, proof of execution, jurat, or other
             197      notarial certification for all parties who are reexecuting the document as required by Title 46,


             198      Chapter 1, Notaries Public Reform Act, and Title 57, Chapter 2, Acknowledgments.
             199          (iii) [Documents] A document submitted for rerecording shall contain a brief statement
             200      explaining the reason for rerecording.
             201          (b) A person may not present and a county recorder may refuse to accept a document
             202      for rerecording if that document does not conform to [the requirements of] this section.
             203          (c) This Subsection [(7)] (8) applies only to documents executed after July 1, 1998.
             204          [(8)] (9) Minor typographical or clerical errors in a document of record may be
             205      corrected by the recording of an affidavit or other appropriate instrument.
             206          [(9)] (10) Subject to federal bankruptcy law, neither the recordation of an affidavit
             207      under Subsection [(8)] (9) nor the reexecution and rerecording of a document under Subsection
             208      [(7) shall] (8):
             209          (a) [divest] divests a grantee of any real property interest; [or]
             210          (b) [alter] alters an interest in real property; or [return]
             211          (c) returns to the grantor an interest in real property conveyed by statute.
             212          Section 7. Section 72-5-309 is amended to read:
             213           72-5-309. Acceptance of rights-of-way -- Notice of acknowledgment required.
             214          (1) The governor or the governor's designee may assess whether the grant of the R.S.
             215      2477 has been accepted with regard to any right-of-way so as to vest title of the right-of-way in
             216      the state and the applicable political subdivision as provided for in Section 72-5-103 .
             217          (2) If the governor or governor's designee concludes that the grant has been accepted as
             218      to any right-of-way, the governor or a designee shall issue a notice of acknowledgment of the
             219      acceptance of the R.S. 2477 grant as to that right-of-way.
             220          (3) A notice of acknowledgment of the R.S. 2477 grant shall include:
             221          (a) a statement of reasons for the acknowledgment;
             222          (b) a general description of the right-of-way or rights-of-way subject to the notice of
             223      acknowledgment, including the county in which it is located, and notice of where a center-line
             224      description derived from Global Positioning System data may be viewed or obtained;
             225          (c) a statement that the owner of the servient estate in the land over which the


             226      right-of-way or rights-of-way subject to the notice runs or any person with a competing
             227      dominant estate ownership claim may file a petition with the district court for a decision
             228      regarding the correctness or incorrectness of the acknowledgment; and
             229          (d) a statement of the time limit provided in Section 72-5-310 for filing a petition.
             230          (4) (a) (i) [A notice of acknowledgment may be recorded] The governor or the
             231      governor's designee may record a notice of acknowledgment, and any supporting affidavit, map,
             232      or other document purporting to establish or affect the state's property interest in the
             233      right-of-way or rights-of-way, in the office of the county recorder in the county where the
             234      right-of-way or rights-of-way exist.
             235          (ii) (A) A notice of acknowledgment recorded in the county recorder's office is not
             236      required to be accompanied by a paper copy of the center-line description.
             237          (B) A paper copy of each center-line description together with the notice of
             238      acknowledgment shall be placed in the state archives created in Section 63-2-901 and made
             239      available to the public upon request in accordance with Title 63, Chapter 2, Government
             240      Records Access and Management Act.
             241          (C) An electronic copy of the center-line description identified in a notice of
             242      acknowledgment shall be available upon request at:
             243          (I) the county recorder's office; or
             244          (II) the Automated Geographic Reference Center created in Section 63F-1-506 .
             245          (b) A notice of acknowledgment recorded in the county recorder's office is conclusive
             246      evidence of acceptance of the R.S. 2477 grant upon:
             247          (i) expiration of the 60-day period for filing a petition under Section 72-5-310 without
             248      the filing of a petition; or
             249          (ii) a final court decision that the notice of acknowledgment was not incorrect.


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