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S.B. 92 Enrolled
7 LONG TITLE
8 General Description:
9 This bill addresses the recording of documents concerning real property.
10 Highlighted Provisions:
11 This bill:
12 . addresses policies and procedures established by a county recorder;
13 . requires a county recorder to endorse a document upon acceptance, instead of upon
15 . addresses a tenancy by the entirety;
16 . requires an affidavit concerning a terminated interest in real property due to death to
17 be accompanied by a government-issued document certifying the death;
18 . forbids certain documents from being presented for recording;
19 . allows the governor or governor's designee to record a notice of acknowledgment of
20 an R.S. 2477 right-of-way, with supporting documentation; and
21 . makes technical changes.
22 Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
24 Other Special Clauses:
26 Utah Code Sections Affected:
28 17-21-1, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2003, Chapter 211
29 17-21-12, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 268
30 57-1-5, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapter 236
31 57-1-5.1, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 268
32 57-3-105, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 268
33 57-3-106, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapters 268 and 287
34 72-5-309, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapter 9
36 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
37 Section 1. Section 17-21-1 is amended to read:
38 17-21-1. Recorder -- Document custody responsibility -- Electronic submission
39 procedures and guidelines.
40 The county recorder:
41 (1) is custodian of all recorded documents and records required by law to be recorded;
42 (2) shall establish policies and procedures that the recorder considers necessary to
43 protect recorded documents and records in the recorder's custody, including determining the
44 appropriate method for the public to obtain copies of the public record under Section 17-21-19
45 and supervision of those who search and make copies of the public record; and
46 (3) may establish procedures and guidelines to govern the electronic submission of
47 plats, records, and other documents to the county recorder's office consistent with Title 46,
48 Chapter 4, Uniform Electronic Transactions Act.
49 Section 2. Section 17-21-12 is amended to read:
50 17-21-12. Recording procedures -- Endorsements of entry number required on
52 (1) [
53 recorder shall:
54 (a) endorse upon the first page of the document an entry number and the time when the
55 document was [
56 reception, and the amount of fees for recording it; and
57 (b) record the document during office hours in the order it was accepted.
58 (2) Each county recorder shall place an entry number or a book and page reference on
59 each page of a document that the recorder accepts for recording only if the original document
60 or a copy of the document is kept as a public record under Section 17-21-3 .
61 (3) (a) A county recorder may[
62 recorder accepts for recording with a book and page reference.
63 (b) If a county recorder elects not to endorse a document with a book and page
64 reference, the book and page reference may be omitted:
65 (i) in each index required by statute; and
66 (ii) on each document presented for recording that is required to recite recording data.
67 (4) Subject to Section 17-21-3 , the county recorder shall return the document to the
68 person that the recorder considers appropriate.
69 Section 3. Section 57-1-5 is amended to read:
70 57-1-5. Creation of joint tenancy presumed -- Tenancy in common -- Severance
71 of joint tenancy -- Tenants by the entirety.
72 (1) (a) Beginning on May 5, 1997, every ownership interest in real estate granted to
73 two persons in their own right who are designated as husband and wife in the granting
74 documents is presumed to be a joint tenancy interest with rights of survivorship, unless severed,
75 converted, or expressly declared in the grant to be otherwise.
76 (b) Every ownership interest in real estate that does not qualify for the joint tenancy
77 presumption as provided in Subsection (1)(a) is presumed to be a tenancy in common interest
78 unless expressly declared in the grant to be otherwise.
79 (2) (a) Use of words "joint tenancy" or "with rights of survivorship" or "and to the
80 survivor of them" or words of similar import means a joint tenancy.
81 (b) Use of words "tenancy in common" or "with no rights of survivorship" or
82 "undivided interest" or words of similar import declare a tenancy in common.
83 (3) A sole owner of real property creates a joint tenancy in himself and another or
85 (a) by making a transfer to himself and another or others as joint tenants by use of the
86 words as provided in Subsection (2)(a); or
87 (b) by conveying to another person or persons an interest in land in which an interest is
88 retained by the grantor and by declaring the creation of a joint tenancy by use of the words as
89 provided in Subsection (2)(a).
90 (4) In all cases, the interest of joint tenants shall be equal and undivided.
91 (5) (a) Except as provided in Subsection (5)(b), if a joint tenant makes a bona fide
92 conveyance of the joint tenant's interest in property held in joint tenancy to himself or another,
93 the joint tenancy is severed and converted into a tenancy in common.
94 (b) If there is more than one joint tenant remaining after a joint tenant severs a joint
95 tenancy under Subsection (5)(a), the remaining joint tenants continue to hold their interest in
96 joint tenancy.
97 (6) The amendments to this section in Chapter 124, Laws of Utah 1997 have no
98 retrospective operation and shall govern instruments executed and recorded on or after May 5,
100 (7) Tenants by the entirety are considered to be joint tenants.
101 Section 4. Section 57-1-5.1 is amended to read:
102 57-1-5.1. Termination of an interest in real estate -- Affidavit.
103 (1) Joint tenancy, tenancy by the entirety, life estate, or determinable or conditional
104 interest in real estate may be terminated by an affidavit that:
105 (a) meets the requirements of Subsection (2); and
106 (b) is recorded in the office of the recorder of the county in which the affected property
107 is located.
108 (2) Each affidavit required by Subsection (1) shall:
109 (a) cite the interest [
110 (b) contain a legal description of the real property that is affected;
111 (c) reference the entry number and the book and page of the instrument creating the
112 interest to be terminated; and
113 (d) if the termination is the result of a death, have attached as an exhibit, a copy of the
114 death certificate or other document [
116 (3) The affidavit required by Subsection (1) may be in substantially the following form:
118 State of Utah )
119 ) ss
120 County of ___________)
121 I, (name of affiant), being of legal age and being first duly sworn, depose and state as
123 (The name of the deceased person), the decedent in the attached certificate of death or
124 other document witnessing death is the same person as (the name of the deceased person)
125 named as a party in the document dated (date of document) as entry _______ in book _______,
126 page _______ in the records of the (name of county) County Recorder.
127 This affidavit is given to terminate the decedent's interest in the following described
128 property located in ___________________ County, State of Utah: (description of the
130 Dated this ______ day of ___________________, ________.
132 (Signature of affiant)
133 Subscribed to and sworn before me this _______ day of _______________,
136 Notary public"
137 Section 5. Section 57-3-105 is amended to read:
138 57-3-105. Legal description of real property and names and addresses required in
140 (1) Except as otherwise provided by statute, a person may not present a document for
141 recording unless [
142 (2) A document executed after July 1, 1983, is entitled to be recorded in the office of
143 the recorder of the county in which the property described in the document is located only if the
144 document contains a legal description of the real property [
145 (3) (a) A document conveying title to real property presented for recording after July 1,
146 1981, is entitled to be recorded in the office of the recorder of the county in which the property
147 described in the document is located only if the document contains the names and mailing
148 addresses of the grantees in addition to the legal description required under Subsection (2).
149 (b) The address of the management committee may be used as the mailing address of a
150 grantee as required in Subsection (3)(a) if the interest conveyed is a timeshare interest as
151 defined by Section 57-19-2 .
152 (4) A person may not present and a county recorder may refuse to accept a document
153 for recording if the document does not conform to [
154 (5) Notwithstanding Subsections (2), (3), and (4), a master form, as defined in Section
155 57-3-201 , that does not meet the requirements of Subsections (2) and (3) is entitled to be
156 recorded in the office of the recorder of the county in which the property described in the
157 master form is located if it complies with Part 2, Master Mortgage and Trust Deeds.
158 Section 6. Section 57-3-106 is amended to read:
159 57-3-106. Original documents required -- Captions -- Legibility.
160 (1) A person may not present and a county recorder may refuse to accept a document
161 for recording if the document does not comply with this section.
163 recording in the office of the county recorder shall:
164 (i) be [
165 (ii) contain a brief caption on the first page of the document stating the nature of the
166 document; and
167 (iii) contain a legal description of the property as required under Section 57-3-105 .
168 (b) If a document is a master form, as defined in Section 57-3-201 , the caption required
169 by Subsection [
171 the office of the county recorder in compliance with Section 78-22-1 shall:
172 (a) be an original or certified copy; and
173 (b) include the information identifying the judgment debtor as referred to in Subsection
174 78-22-1.5 (4) either:
175 (i) in the judgment or abstract of judgment; or
176 (ii) as a separate information statement of the judgment creditor as referred to in
177 Subsection 78-22-1.5 (5).
179 (4) A judgment, abstract of judgment, and separate information statement of the
180 judgment creditor [
183 of a county recorder shall include the affidavit as required in Section 78-22a-3 .
185 assign a judgment lien shall include:
186 (a) the name of any judgment creditor, debtor, assignor, or assignee;
187 (b) the date of recording; and
188 (c) the entry number of the instrument creating the judgment lien.
190 legible for the recorder to make certified copies of the document.
192 recorder in compliance with this chapter may not be recorded again in that same county
193 recorder's office unless the original document has been reexecuted by all parties who executed
194 the document.
195 (ii) Unless exempt by statute, an original [
197 notarial certification for all parties who are reexecuting the document as required by Title 46,
198 Chapter 1, Notaries Public Reform Act, and Title 57, Chapter 2, Acknowledgments.
199 (iii) [
200 explaining the reason for rerecording.
201 (b) A person may not present and a county recorder may refuse to accept a document
202 for rerecording if that document does not conform to [
203 (c) This Subsection [
205 corrected by the recording of an affidavit or other appropriate instrument.
207 under Subsection [
209 (a) [
210 (b) [
211 (c) returns to the grantor an interest in real property conveyed by statute.
212 Section 7. Section 72-5-309 is amended to read:
213 72-5-309. Acceptance of rights-of-way -- Notice of acknowledgment required.
214 (1) The governor or the governor's designee may assess whether the grant of the R.S.
215 2477 has been accepted with regard to any right-of-way so as to vest title of the right-of-way in
216 the state and the applicable political subdivision as provided for in Section 72-5-103 .
217 (2) If the governor or governor's designee concludes that the grant has been accepted as
218 to any right-of-way, the governor or a designee shall issue a notice of acknowledgment of the
219 acceptance of the R.S. 2477 grant as to that right-of-way.
220 (3) A notice of acknowledgment of the R.S. 2477 grant shall include:
221 (a) a statement of reasons for the acknowledgment;
222 (b) a general description of the right-of-way or rights-of-way subject to the notice of
223 acknowledgment, including the county in which it is located, and notice of where a center-line
224 description derived from Global Positioning System data may be viewed or obtained;
225 (c) a statement that the owner of the servient estate in the land over which the
226 right-of-way or rights-of-way subject to the notice runs or any person with a competing
227 dominant estate ownership claim may file a petition with the district court for a decision
228 regarding the correctness or incorrectness of the acknowledgment; and
229 (d) a statement of the time limit provided in Section 72-5-310 for filing a petition.
230 (4) (a) (i) [
231 governor's designee may record a notice of acknowledgment, and any supporting affidavit, map,
232 or other document purporting to establish or affect the state's property interest in the
233 right-of-way or rights-of-way, in the office of the county recorder in the county where the
234 right-of-way or rights-of-way exist.
235 (ii) (A) A notice of acknowledgment recorded in the county recorder's office is not
236 required to be accompanied by a paper copy of the center-line description.
237 (B) A paper copy of each center-line description together with the notice of
238 acknowledgment shall be placed in the state archives created in Section 63-2-901 and made
239 available to the public upon request in accordance with Title 63, Chapter 2, Government
240 Records Access and Management Act.
241 (C) An electronic copy of the center-line description identified in a notice of
242 acknowledgment shall be available upon request at:
243 (I) the county recorder's office; or
244 (II) the Automated Geographic Reference Center created in Section 63F-1-506 .
245 (b) A notice of acknowledgment recorded in the county recorder's office is conclusive
246 evidence of acceptance of the R.S. 2477 grant upon:
247 (i) expiration of the 60-day period for filing a petition under Section 72-5-310 without
248 the filing of a petition; or
249 (ii) a final court decision that the notice of acknowledgment was not incorrect.
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