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S.B. 238 Enrolled
8 LONG TITLE
9 General Description:
10 This bill amends and enacts provisions relating to the interdiction of invasive species.
11 Highlighted Provisions:
12 This bill:
13 . defines terms;
14 . prohibits the possession, release, or transportation of a Dreissena mussel;
15 . prohibits the transporting of a conveyance or equipment that has been in an infested
16 water without decontaminating the conveyance or equipment;
17 . requires a person who violates the chapter to reimburse the state's costs;
18 . establishes criminal penalties;
19 . authorizes the Division of Wildlife Resources to:
20 . stop, detain, inspect, impound, or quarantine a vehicle or vessel that may contain
21 a Dreissena mussel;
22 . conduct an administrative checkpoint;
23 . order a person to decontaminate a vessel or vehicle; and
24 . inspect, restrict access to, or close a water body, facility, or water supply system;
25 . prohibits the Division of Wildlife Resources from closing or quarantining a water
26 supply system if a plan is implemented;
27 . requires the Division of Wildlife Resources to consult with an operator of a water
28 body, facility, or water supply system;
29 . requires a water supply system to:
30 . cooperate with the Division of Wildlife Resources; and
31 . implement a plan if infected with the Dreissena mussel;
32 . requires a person to report the discovery of a Dreissena mussel to the Division of
33 Wildlife Resources;
34 . authorizes the Wildlife Board to make rules; and
35 . authorizes the division, a peace officer, or a port-of-entry agent to stop a driver at a
36 port-of-entry to check for invasive aquatic wildlife species.
37 Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
39 Other Special Clauses:
41 Utah Code Sections Affected:
43 72-9-501, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2005, Chapter 2
45 23-27-101, Utah Code Annotated 1953
46 23-27-102, Utah Code Annotated 1953
47 23-27-201, Utah Code Annotated 1953
48 23-27-202, Utah Code Annotated 1953
49 23-27-301, Utah Code Annotated 1953
50 23-27-302, Utah Code Annotated 1953
51 23-27-303, Utah Code Annotated 1953
52 23-27-401, Utah Code Annotated 1953
54 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
55 Section 1. Section 23-27-101 is enacted to read:
58 23-27-101. Title.
59 This chapter is known as the "Aquatic Invasive Species Interdiction Act."
60 Section 2. Section 23-27-102 is enacted to read:
61 23-27-102. Definitions.
62 As used in this chapter:
63 (1) "Board" means the Wildlife Board.
64 (2) (a) "Conveyance" means a terrestrial or aquatic vehicle or a vehicle part that may
65 carry or contain a Dreissena mussel.
66 (b) "Conveyance" includes a motor vehicle, a vessel, a motorboat, a sailboat, a personal
67 watercraft, a container, a trailer, a live well, or a bilge area.
68 (3) "Decontaminate" means to:
69 (a) drain and dry all non-treated water; and
70 (b) chemically or thermally treat in accordance with rule.
71 (4) "Director" means the director of the division.
72 (5) "Division" means the Division of Wildlife Resources.
73 (6) "Dreissena mussel" means a mussel of the genus Dreissena at any life stage,
74 including a zebra mussel, a quagga mussel, and Conrad's false mussel.
75 (7) "Equipment" means an article, tool, implement, or device capable of carrying or
77 (a) water; or
78 (b) a Dreissena mussel.
79 (8) "Executive director" means the executive director of the Department of Natural
81 (9) "Facility" means a structure that is located within or adjacent to a water body.
82 (10) "Infested water" means a geographic region, water body, facility, or water supply
83 system within or outside the state that the board identifies in rule as carrying or containing a
84 Dreissena mussel.
85 (11) "Water body" means natural or impounded surface water, including a stream, river,
86 spring, lake, reservoir, pond, wetland, tank, and fountain.
87 (12) (a) "Water supply system" means a system that treats, conveys, or distributes water
88 for irrigation, industrial, waste water treatment, or culinary use.
89 (b) "Water supply system" includes a pump, canal, ditch, or pipeline.
90 (c) "Water supply system" does not include a water body.
91 Section 3. Section 23-27-201 is enacted to read:
93 23-27-201. Invasive species prohibited.
94 (1) Except as authorized in this title or a board rule or order, a person may not:
95 (a) possess, import, export, ship, or transport a Dreissena mussel;
96 (b) release, place, plant, or cause to be released, placed, or planted a Dreissena mussel
97 in a water body, facility, or water supply system; or
98 (c) transport a conveyance or equipment that has been in an infested water within the
99 previous 30 days without decontaminating the conveyance or equipment.
100 (2) A person who violates Subsection (1):
101 (a) is strictly liable;
102 (b) is guilty of an infraction; and
103 (c) shall reimburse the state for all costs associated with detaining, quarantining, and
104 decontaminating the conveyance or equipment.
105 (3) A person who knowingly or intentionally violates Subsection (1) is guilty of a class
106 A misdemeanor.
107 Section 4. Section 23-27-202 is enacted to read:
108 23-27-202. Reporting of invasive species required.
109 (1) A person who discovers a Dreissena mussel within this state or has reason to believe
110 a Dreissena mussel may exist at a specific location shall immediately report the discovery to the
112 (2) A person who violates Subsection (1) is guilty of a class A misdemeanor.
113 Section 5. Section 23-27-301 is enacted to read:
115 23-27-301. Division's power to prevent invasive species infestation.
116 To eradicate and prevent the infestation of a Dreissena mussel, the division may:
117 (1) temporarily stop, detain, and inspect a conveyance or equipment that:
118 (a) the division reasonably believes is in violation of Section 23-27-201 ; or
119 (b) is stopped at a port-of-entry;
120 (2) require a motor vehicle transporting a conveyance or equipment to stop for an
121 inspection at a port-of-entry if the Department of Transportation authorizes the division to use
122 the port-of-entry;
123 (3) conduct an administrative checkpoint in accordance with Section 77-23-104 ;
124 (4) detain and quarantine a conveyance or equipment as provided in Section 23-27-302 ;
125 (5) order a person to decontaminate a conveyance or equipment; and
126 (6) inspect the following that may contain a Dreissena mussel:
127 (a) a water body;
128 (b) a facility; and
129 (c) a water supply system.
130 Section 6. Section 23-27-302 is enacted to read:
131 23-27-302. Conveyance or equipment detainment or quarantine.
132 (1) The division, a port-of-entry agent, or a peace officer may detain or quarantine a
133 conveyance or equipment if:
134 (a) the division, agent, or peace officer:
135 (i) finds the conveyance or equipment contains a Dreissena mussel; or
136 (ii) reasonably believes that the person transporting the conveyance or equipment is in
137 violation of Section 23-27-201 ; or
138 (b) the person transporting the conveyance or equipment refuses to submit to an
139 inspection authorized by Section 23-27-301 .
140 (2) The detainment or quarantine authorized by Subsection (1) may continue for:
141 (a) up to five days; or
142 (b) the period of time necessary to:
143 (i) decontaminate the conveyance or equipment; and
144 (ii) ensure that a Dreissena mussel is not living on or in the conveyance or equipment.
145 Section 7. Section 23-27-303 is enacted to read:
146 23-27-303. Closing a water body, facility, or water supply system.
147 (1) Except as provided by Subsection (6), if the division detects or suspects a Dreissena
148 mussel is present in a water body, a facility, or a water supply system, the director or the
149 director's designee may, with the concurrence of the executive director, order:
150 (a) the water body, facility, or water supply system closed to a conveyance or
152 (b) restricted access by a conveyance or equipment to a water body, facility, or water
153 supply system; or
154 (c) a conveyance or equipment that is removed from or introduced to the water body,
155 facility, or water supply system to be inspected, quarantined, or decontaminated in a manner and
156 for a duration necessary to detect and prevent the infestation of a Dreissena mussel.
157 (2) If a closure authorized by Subsection (1) lasts longer than seven days, the division
159 (a) provide a written update to the operator of the water body, facility, or water supply
160 system every ten days on the division's effort to address the Dreissena infestation; and
161 (b) post the update on the division's website.
162 (3) (a) The board shall develop procedures to ensure proper notification of a state,
163 federal, or local agency that is affected by a Dreissena mussel infestation.
164 (b) The notification shall include:
165 (i) the reasons for the closure, quarantine, or restriction; and
166 (ii) methods for providing updated information to the agency.
167 (4) When deciding the scope, duration, level, and type of restriction or a quarantine or
168 closure location, the director shall consult with the person with the jurisdiction, control, or
169 management responsibility over the water body, facility, or water supply system to avoid or
170 minimize disruption of economic and recreational activity.
171 (5) (a) A person that operates a water supply system shall cooperate with the division
172 to implement a measure to:
173 (i) avoid infestation by a Dreissena mussel; and
174 (ii) control or eradicate a Dreissena mussel infestation that may occur in a water supply
176 (b) (i) If a Dreissena mussel is detected, the water supply system's operator, in
177 cooperation with the division, shall prepare and implement a plan to control or eradicate a
178 Dreissena mussel within the water supply system.
179 (ii) A plan required by Subsection (5)(b)(i) shall include a:
180 (A) method for determining the scope and extent of the infestation;
181 (B) method to control or eradicate the Dreissena mussel;
182 (C) method to decontaminate the water supply system containing the Dreissena mussel;
183 (D) systematic monitoring program to determine a change in the infestation; and
184 (E) requirement to update or revise the plan in conformity with a scientific advance in
185 the method of controlling or eradicating a Dreissena mussel.
186 (6) (a) The division may not close or quarantine a water supply system if the operator
187 has prepared and implemented a plan to control or eradicate a Dreissena mussel in accordance
188 with Subsection (5).
189 (b) (i) The division may require the operator to update a plan.
190 (ii) If the operator fails to update or revise a plan, the division may close or quarantine
191 the water supply system in accordance with this section.
192 Section 8. Section 23-27-401 is enacted to read:
194 23-27-401. Rulemaking authority.
195 In accordance with Title 63, Chapter 46a, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act, the
196 board may make rules that:
197 (1) establish the procedures and requirements for decontaminating a conveyance or
198 equipment to prevent the introduction and infestation of a Dreissena mussel;
199 (2) establish the requirements necessary to provide proof that a conveyance or
200 equipment is decontaminated;
201 (3) establish the notification procedures required in Section 23-27-303 ;
202 (4) identify the geographic area, water body, facility, or water supply system that is
203 infested by Dreissena mussels;
204 (5) establish a procedure and protocol in cooperation with the Department of
205 Transportation for stopping, inspecting, detaining, and decontaminating a conveyance or
206 equipment at a port-of-entry in accordance with Section 23-27-301 ; and
207 (6) are necessary to administer and enforce the provisions of this chapter.
208 Section 9. Section 72-9-501 is amended to read:
209 72-9-501. Construction, operation, and maintenance of ports-of-entry by the
210 department -- Function of ports-of-entry -- Checking and citation powers of port-of-entry
212 (1) (a) The department shall construct ports-of-entry for the purpose of checking motor
213 carriers, drivers, vehicles, and vehicle loads for compliance with state and federal laws including
214 laws relating to:
215 (i) driver qualifications;
216 (ii) Title 53, Chapter 3, Part 4, Uniform Commercial Driver License Act;
217 (iii) vehicle registration;
218 (iv) fuel tax payment;
219 (v) vehicle size, weight, and load;
220 (vi) security or insurance;
221 (vii) this chapter;
222 (viii) hazardous material as defined under 49 U.S.C. 5102;
223 (ix) livestock transportation; and
224 (x) safety.
225 (b) The ports-of-entry shall be located on state highways at sites determined by the
227 (2) (a) The ports-of-entry shall be operated and maintained by the department.
228 (b) A port-of-entry agent or a peace officer may check, inspect, or test drivers, vehicles,
229 and vehicle loads for compliance with state and federal laws specified in Subsection (1).
230 (3) (a) A port-of-entry agent or a peace officer, in whose presence an offense described
231 in this section is committed, may:
232 (i) issue and deliver a misdemeanor or infraction citation under Section 77-7-18 ;
233 (ii) request and administer chemical tests to determine blood alcohol concentration in
234 compliance with Section 41-6a-515 ;
235 (iii) place a driver out-of-service in accordance with Section 53-3-417 ; and
236 (iv) serve a driver with notice of the Driver License Division of the Department of
237 Public Safety's intention to disqualify the driver's privilege to drive a commercial motor vehicle
238 in accordance with Section 53-3-418 .
239 (b) This section does not grant actual arrest powers as defined in Section 77-7-1 to a
240 port-of-entry agent who is not a peace officer or special function officer designated under Title
241 53, Chapter 13, Peace Officer Classifications.
242 (4) (a) A port-of-entry agent, a peace officer, or the Division of Wildlife Resources may
243 inspect, detain, or quarantine a conveyance or equipment in accordance with Sections
244 23-27-301 and 23-27-302 .
245 (b) The department is not responsible for decontaminating a conveyance or equipment
246 detained or quarantined.
247 (c) The Division of Wildlife Resources may decontaminate, as defined in Section
248 23-27-102 , a conveyance or equipment at the port-of-entry if authorized by the department.
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