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S.B. 297 Enrolled






Chief Sponsor: Allen M. Christensen

House Sponsor: John G. Mathis

             8      LONG TITLE
             9      General Description:
             10          This bill amends provisions of the Utah Criminal Code relating to animal cruelty.
             11      Highlighted Provisions:
             12          This bill:
             13          .    defines terms;
             14          .    removes conflicting animal cruelty provisions related to hazing;
             15          .    clarifies and describes conduct that is a violation of the cruelty to animal provisions
             16      of the Utah Criminal Code;
             17          .    provides that a veterinarian is immune from civil liability for reporting, in good faith,
             18      an incident of cruelty to an animal;
             19          .    makes it a third degree felony to intentionally or knowingly torture a companion
             20      animal; and
             21          .    makes technical changes.
             22      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             23          None
             24      Other Special Clauses:
             25          None
             26      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             27      AMENDS:
             28          76-5-107.5, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1997, Chapters 240 and 289
             29          76-9-301, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1996, Second Special Session, Chapter 7

             30          76-9-301.5, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1996, Second Special Session, Chapter 7
             31          76-9-301.6, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1998, Chapter 282
             32          76-9-301.7, as enacted by Laws of Utah 1996, Second Special Session, Chapter 7
             33          76-10-1602, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 129
             35      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             36          Section 1. Section 76-5-107.5 is amended to read:
             37           76-5-107.5. Prohibition of "hazing" -- Definitions -- Penalties.
             38          (1) A person is guilty of hazing if that person intentionally, knowingly, or recklessly
             39      commits an act or causes another to commit an act that:
             40          (a) (i) endangers the mental or physical health or safety of another; [or]
             41          (ii) involves any brutality of a physical nature such as whipping, beating, branding,
             42      calisthenics, bruising, electric shocking, placing of a harmful substance on the body, or exposure
             43      to the elements; [or]
             44          (iii) involves consumption of any food, liquor, drug, or other substance or any other
             45      physical activity that endangers the mental or physical health and safety of an individual; or
             46          (iv) involves any activity that would subject the individual to extreme mental stress,
             47      such as sleep deprivation, extended isolation from social contact, or conduct that subjects
             48      another to extreme embarrassment, shame, or humiliation; [or] and
             49          [(v) involves cruelty to any animal as provided in Section 76-9-301 ; and]
             50          (b) (i) is for the purpose of initiation, admission into, affiliation with, holding office in,
             51      or as a condition for continued membership in any organization; or
             52          (ii) if the actor knew that the victim is a member of or candidate for membership with a
             53      school team or school organization to which the actor belongs or did belong within the
             54      preceding two years.
             55          (2) It is not a defense to prosecution of hazing that a person under 21, against whom
             56      the hazing was directed, consented to or acquiesced in the hazing activity.
             57          (3) An actor who hazes another is guilty of a:

             58          [(a) class C misdemeanor if the conduct violates Section 76-9-301 ;]
             59          [(b)] (a) class B misdemeanor if there are no aggravating circumstances;
             60          [(c)] (b) class A misdemeanor if the act involves the operation or other use of a motor
             61      vehicle;
             62          [(d)] (c) third degree felony if the act involves the use of a dangerous weapon as
             63      defined in Section 76-1-601 ;
             64          [(e)] (d) third degree felony if the hazing results in serious bodily injury to a person; or
             65          [(f)] (e) second degree felony if hazing under Subsection (3)[(e)](d) involves the use of
             66      a dangerous weapon as defined in Section 76-1-601 .
             67          (4) A person who in good faith reports or participates in reporting of an alleged hazing
             68      is not subject to any civil or criminal liability regarding the reporting.
             69          (5) (a) This section does not apply to military training or other official military
             70      activities.
             71          (b) Military conduct is governed by Title 39, Chapter 6, Utah Code of Military Justice.
             72          (6) (a) A prosecution under this section does not bar a prosecution of the actor for:
             73          (i) any other offense for which the actor may be liable as a party for conduct committed
             74      by the person hazed; or
             75          (ii) any offense, caused in the course of the hazing, that the actor commits against the
             76      person who is hazed.
             77          (b) Under Subsection (6)(a)(i) a person may be separately punished, both for the hazing
             78      offense and the conduct committed by the person hazed.
             79          (c) Under Subsection (6)(a)(ii) a person may not be punished both for hazing and for
             80      the other offense, but shall be punished for the offense carrying the greater maximum penalty.
             81          Section 2. Section 76-9-301 is amended to read:
             82           76-9-301. Cruelty to animals.
             83          (1) As used in this section:
             84          (a) (i) "Abandon" means to intentionally deposit, leave, or drop off any live animal:
             85          (A) without providing for the care of that animal, in accordance with accepted animal

             86      husbandry practices or customary farming practices; or
             87          (B) in a situation where conditions present an immediate, direct, and serious threat to
             88      the life, safety, or health of the animal.
             89          (ii) "Abandon" does not include returning wildlife to its natural habitat.
             90          (b) (i) "Animal" means, except as provided in Subsection (1)(b)(ii), a live, nonhuman
             91      vertebrate creature.
             92          (ii) "Animal" does not include:
             93          (A) a live, nonhuman vertebrate creature, if:
             94          (I) the conduct toward the creature, and the care provided to the creature, is in
             95      accordance with accepted animal husbandry practices; and
             96          (II) the creature is:
             97          (Aa) owned or kept by a zoological park that is accredited by, or a member of, the
             98      American Zoo and Aquarium Association;
             99          (Bb) kept, owned, or used for the purpose of training hunting dogs or raptors; or
             100          (Cc) temporarily in the state as part of a circus or traveling exhibitor licensed by the
             101      United States Department of Agriculture under 7 U.S.C. 2133;
             102          (B) a live, nonhuman vertebrate creature that is owned, kept, or used for rodeo
             103      purposes, if the conduct toward the creature, and the care provided to the creature, is in
             104      accordance with accepted rodeo practices;
             105          (C) livestock, if the conduct toward the creature, and the care provided to the creature,
             106      is in accordance with accepted animal husbandry practices or customary farming practices; or
             107          (D) wildlife, as defined in Section 23-13-2 , including protected and unprotected
             108      wildlife, if the conduct toward the wildlife is in accordance with lawful hunting, fishing, or
             109      trapping practices or other lawful practices.
             110          (c) "Companion animal" means an animal that is a domestic dog or a domestic cat.
             111          (d) "Custody" means ownership, possession, or control over an animal.
             112          (e) "Legal privilege" means an act that:
             113          (i) is authorized by state law, including Division of Wildlife Resources rules; and

             114          (ii) is not in violation of a local ordinance.
             115          (f) "Livestock" means:
             116          (i) domesticated:
             117          (A) cattle;
             118          (B) sheep;
             119          (C) goats;
             120          (D) turkeys;
             121          (E) swine;
             122          (F) equines;
             123          (G) camelidae;
             124          (H) ratites; or
             125          (I) bison;
             126          (ii) domesticated elk, as defined in Section 4-39-102 ; or
             127          (iii) any domesticated nonhuman vertebrate creature, domestic furbearer, or domestic
             128      poultry, raised, kept, or used for agricultural purposes.
             129          (g) "Necessary food, water, care, or shelter" means the following, taking into account
             130      the species, age, and physical condition of the animal:
             131          (i) appropriate and essential food and water;
             132          (ii) adequate protection, including appropriate shelter, against extreme weather
             133      conditions; and
             134          (iii) other essential care.
             135          (h) "Torture" means intentionally or knowingly causing or inflicting extreme physical
             136      pain to an animal in an especially heinous, atrocious, cruel, or exceptionally depraved manner.
             137          [(1) A] (2) Except as provided in Subsection (4) or (6), a person is guilty of cruelty to
             138      [animals] an animal if the person, without legal privilege to do so, intentionally, knowingly,
             139      recklessly, or with criminal negligence:
             140          (a) fails to provide necessary food, water, care, or shelter for an animal in [his] the
             141      person's custody;

             142          (b) abandons an animal in the person's custody;
             143          [(c) transports or confines an animal in a cruel manner;]
             144          [(d)] (c) injures an animal;
             145          [(e)] (d) causes any animal, not including a dog, to fight with another animal of like
             146      kind for amusement or gain; or
             147          [(f)] (e) causes any animal, including a dog, to fight with a different kind of animal or
             148      creature for amusement or gain.
             149          [(2) A] (3) Except as provided in Section 76-9-301.7 , a violation of Subsection [(1)]
             150      (2) is:
             151          (a) a class B misdemeanor if committed intentionally or knowingly; and
             152          (b) a class C misdemeanor if committed recklessly or with criminal negligence.
             153          [(3)] (4) A person is guilty of aggravated cruelty to an animal if the person:
             154          (a) tortures an animal;
             155          (b) administers, or causes to be administered, poison or a poisonous [substances]
             156      substance to an animal [without having a legal privilege to do so]; or
             157          (c) kills an animal or causes an animal to be killed [an animal] without having a legal
             158      privilege to do so.
             159          [(4) A] (5) Except as provided in Subsection (6) or Section 76-9-301.7 , a violation of
             160      Subsection [(3)] (4) is:
             161          (a) a class A misdemeanor if committed intentionally or knowingly;
             162          (b) a class B misdemeanor if committed recklessly; and
             163          (c) a class C misdemeanor if committed with criminal negligence.
             164          (6) A person is guilty of a third degree felony if the person intentionally or knowingly
             165      tortures a companion animal.
             166          [(5)] (7) It is a defense to prosecution under this section that the conduct of the actor
             167      towards the animal was:
             168          (a) by a licensed veterinarian using accepted veterinary practice;
             169          (b) directly related to bona fide experimentation for scientific research, provided that if

             170      the animal is to be destroyed, the manner employed will not be unnecessarily cruel unless
             171      directly necessary to the veterinary purpose or scientific research involved;
             172          (c) permitted under Section 18-1-3 ;
             173          (d) by a person who humanely destroys any animal found suffering past recovery for
             174      any useful purpose; or
             175          (e) by a person who humanely destroys any apparently abandoned animal found on the
             176      person's property.
             177          [(6)] (8) For purposes of Subsection [(5)] (7)(d), before destroying the suffering
             178      animal, the person who is not the owner of the animal shall obtain:
             179          (a) the judgment of a veterinarian of the animal's nonrecoverable condition;
             180          (b) the judgment of two other persons called by the person to view the unrecoverable
             181      condition of the animal in the person's presence;
             182          (c) the consent from the owner of the animal to the destruction of the animal; or
             183          (d) a reasonable conclusion that the animal's suffering is beyond recovery, through the
             184      person's own observation, if the person is in a location or circumstance where the person is
             185      unable to contact another person.
             186          [(7)] (9) This section does not affect or prohibit:
             187          (a) the training, instruction, and grooming of animals, [so long as] if the methods used
             188      are in accordance with accepted animal husbandry practices[.] or customary farming practices;
             189          [(8) (a) This section does not affect or prohibit]
             190          (b) the use of an electronic locating or training collar by the owner of an animal for the
             191      purpose of lawful animal training, lawful hunting practices, or protecting against loss of that
             192      animal[.]; or
             193          (c) the lawful hunting of, fishing for, or trapping of, wildlife.
             194          [(b)] (10) County and municipal governments may not prohibit the use of an electronic
             195      locating or training collar.
             196          [(9)] (11) Upon conviction under this section, the court may in its discretion, in addition
             197      to other penalties:

             198          (a) order the defendant to be evaluated to determine the need for psychiatric or
             199      psychological counseling, to receive counseling as the court determines to be appropriate, and
             200      to pay the costs of the evaluation and counseling;
             201          (b) require the defendant to forfeit any rights the defendant has to the animal subjected
             202      to a violation of this section and to repay the reasonable costs incurred by any person or agency
             203      in caring for each animal subjected to violation of this section;
             204          (c) order the defendant to no longer possess or retain custody of any animal, as
             205      specified by the court, during the period of the defendant's probation or parole or other period
             206      as designated by the court; and
             207          (d) order the animal to be placed for the purpose of adoption or care in the custody of a
             208      county and municipal animal control agency, an animal welfare agency registered with the state,
             209      sold at public auction, or humanely destroyed.
             210          [(10)] (12) This section does not prohibit the use of animals in lawful training.
             211          [(11) As used in this section:]
             212          [(a) "Abandons" means to intentionally deposit, leave, or drop off any live animal:]
             213          [(i) without providing for the care of that animal; or]
             214          [(ii) in a situation where conditions present an immediate, direct, and serious threat to
             215      the life, safety, or health of the animal.]
             216          [(b) (i) "Animal" means a live, nonhuman vertebrate creature.]
             217          [(ii) "Animal" does not include animals kept or owned for agricultural purposes and
             218      cared for in accordance with accepted husbandry practices, animals used for rodeo purposes,
             219      and does not include protected and unprotected wildlife as defined in Section 23-13-2 .]
             220          [(c) "Custody" means ownership, possession, or control over an animal.]
             221          [(d) "Legal privilege" means an act authorized by state law, including Division of
             222      Wildlife Resources statutes and rules, and conducted in conformance with local ordinances.]
             223          [(e) "Necessary food, care, and shelter" means appropriate and essential food and other
             224      needs of the animal, including veterinary care, and adequate protection against extreme weather
             225      conditions.]

             226          (13) A veterinarian who, acting in good faith, reports a violation of this section to law
             227      enforcement, may not be held civilly liable for making the report.
             228          Section 3. Section 76-9-301.5 is amended to read:
             229           76-9-301.5. Spectator at organized animal fighting exhibitions.
             230          It is unlawful for a person to knowingly be present as a spectator at any place, building,
             231      or tenement where preparations are being made for an exhibition of the fighting of animals, as
             232      prohibited by [Subsection] Subsections 76-9-301 [(1)(e)](2)(d) and [(f)] (e), or to be present at
             233      such exhibition, regardless of whether any entrance fee has been charged. A person who
             234      violates this [subsection] section is guilty of a class B misdemeanor.
             235          Section 4. Section 76-9-301.6 is amended to read:
             236           76-9-301.6. Dog fighting exhibition -- Authority to arrest and take possession of
             237      dogs and property.
             238          (1) A peace officer as defined in Title 53, Chapter 13, Peace Officer Classifications,
             239      may enter any place, building, or tenement where an exhibition of dog fighting is occurring, or
             240      where preparations are being made for such an exhibition and, without a warrant, arrest all
             241      persons present.
             242          (2) (a) Notwithstanding the provisions of Section 76-9-305 , any authorized officer who
             243      makes an arrest under Subsection (1) may lawfully take possession of all dogs, paraphernalia,
             244      implements, or other property or things used or employed, or to be employed, in an exhibition
             245      of dog fighting prohibited by Subsection 76-9-301 [(1)(f)](2)(e) or Section 76-9-301.1 .
             246          (b) The officer, at the time of the taking of property pursuant to Subsection (2)(a), shall
             247      state his name and provide other identifying information to the person in charge of the dogs or
             248      property taken.
             249          (3) (a) After taking possession of dogs, paraphernalia, implements, or other property or
             250      things under Subsection (2), the officer shall file an affidavit with the judge or magistrate before
             251      whom a complaint has been made against any person arrested under this section.
             252          (b) The affidavit shall include:
             253          (i) the name of the person charged in the complaint;

             254          (ii) a description of all property taken;
             255          (iii) the time and place of the taking of the property;
             256          (iv) the name of the person from whom the property was taken;
             257          (v) the name of the person who claims to own the property, if known; and
             258          (vi) a statement that the officer has reason to believe and believes that the property
             259      taken was used or employed, or was to be used or employed, in violation of Section 76-9-301
             260      or 76-9-301.1 , and the grounds for the belief.
             261          (4) (a) The officer shall deliver the confiscated property to the judge or magistrate who
             262      shall, by order, place the property in the custody of the officer or any other person designated in
             263      the order, and that person shall keep the property until conviction or final discharge of the
             264      person against whom the complaint was made.
             265          (b) The person designated in Subsection (4)(a) shall assume immediate custody of the
             266      property, and retain the property until further order of the court.
             267          (c) Upon conviction of the person charged, all confiscated property shall be forfeited
             268      and destroyed or otherwise disposed of, as the court may order.
             269          (d) If the person charged is acquitted or discharged without conviction, the court shall,
             270      on demand, order the property to be returned to its owner.
             271          Section 5. Section 76-9-301.7 is amended to read:
             272           76-9-301.7. Cruelty to animals -- Enhanced penalties.
             273          (1) ["Conviction"] As used in this section, "conviction" means a conviction by plea or
             274      by verdict, including a plea of guilty or no contest that is held in abeyance under Title 77,
             275      Chapter 2a, Pleas in Abeyance, regardless of whether the charge was, or is, subsequently
             276      reduced or dismissed in accordance with the plea in abeyance agreement.
             277          (2) [A] Except as provided in Subsection (4), a person who commits any violation of
             278      Section 76-9-301 , Section 76-9-301.5 , or Subsection 76-9-301.1 (4) within the state and on at
             279      least one previous occasion has been convicted of violating Section 76-9-301 , Section
             280      76-9-301.5 , or Subsection 76-9-301.1 (4) shall be subject to an enhanced penalty as provided in
             281      Subsection (3).

             282          (3) The enhanced degree of offense for offenses committed under this section are:
             283          (a) if the offense is a class C misdemeanor, it is a class B misdemeanor; and
             284          (b) if the offense is a class B misdemeanor, it is a class A misdemeanor.
             285          [(4) (a) The prosecuting attorney, or grand jury if an indictment is returned, shall
             286      provide written notice upon the information or indictment that the defendant is subject to an
             287      enhanced degree of offense or penalty under Subsection (3). The notice shall be served upon
             288      the defendant or his attorney not later than ten days prior to trial.]
             289          [(b) If the notice is not included initially, the court may subsequently allow the
             290      prosecutor to amend the charging document to include the notice if the court finds:]
             291          [(i) that the amended charging documents, including any statement of probable cause,
             292      provide notice that the defendant is subject to an enhanced penalty provided under this section;
             293      and]
             294          [(ii) that the defendant has not otherwise been substantially prejudiced by the
             295      amendment.]
             296          (4) The penalty enhancements described in this section do not apply to a conviction for
             297      the offense described in Subsection 76-9-301 (6).
             298          Section 6. Section 76-10-1602 is amended to read:
             299           76-10-1602. Definitions.
             300          As used in this part:
             301          (1) "Enterprise" means any individual, sole proprietorship, partnership, corporation,
             302      business trust, association, or other legal entity, and any union or group of individuals
             303      associated in fact although not a legal entity, and includes illicit as well as licit entities.
             304          (2) "Pattern of unlawful activity" means engaging in conduct which constitutes the
             305      commission of at least three episodes of unlawful activity, which episodes are not isolated, but
             306      have the same or similar purposes, results, participants, victims, or methods of commission, or
             307      otherwise are interrelated by distinguishing characteristics. Taken together, the episodes shall
             308      demonstrate continuing unlawful conduct and be related either to each other or to the
             309      enterprise. At least one of the episodes comprising a pattern of unlawful activity shall have

             310      occurred after July 31, 1981. The most recent act constituting part of a pattern of unlawful
             311      activity as defined by this part shall have occurred within five years of the commission of the
             312      next preceding act alleged as part of the pattern.
             313          (3) "Person" includes any individual or entity capable of holding a legal or beneficial
             314      interest in property, including state, county, and local governmental entities.
             315          (4) "Unlawful activity" means to directly engage in conduct or to solicit, request,
             316      command, encourage, or intentionally aid another person to engage in conduct which would
             317      constitute any offense described by the following crimes or categories of crimes, or to attempt
             318      or conspire to engage in an act which would constitute any of those offenses, regardless of
             319      whether the act is in fact charged or indicted by any authority or is classified as a misdemeanor
             320      or a felony:
             321          (a) any act prohibited by the criminal provisions of Title 13, Chapter 10, Unauthorized
             322      Recording Practices Act;
             323          (b) any act prohibited by the criminal provisions of Title 19, Environmental Quality
             324      Code, Sections 19-1-101 through 19-7-109 ;
             325          (c) taking, destroying, or possessing wildlife or parts of wildlife for the primary purpose
             326      of sale, trade, or other pecuniary gain, in violation of Title 23, [Chapter 13,] Wildlife Resources
             327      Code of Utah, or Section 23-20-4 ;
             328          (d) false claims for medical benefits, kickbacks, and any other act prohibited by Title 26,
             329      Chapter 20, Utah False Claims Act, Sections 26-20-1 through 26-20-12 ;
             330          (e) any act prohibited by the criminal provisions of Title 32A, Chapter 12, Criminal
             331      Offenses;
             332          (f) any act prohibited by the criminal provisions of Title 57, Chapter 11, Utah Uniform
             333      Land Sales Practices Act;
             334          (g) any act prohibited by the criminal provisions of Title 58, Chapter 37, Utah
             335      Controlled Substances Act, or Title 58, Chapter 37b, Imitation Controlled Substances Act, Title
             336      58, Chapter 37c, Utah Controlled Substance Precursor Act, or Title 58, Chapter 37d,
             337      Clandestine Drug Lab Act;

             338          (h) any act prohibited by the criminal provisions of Title 61, Chapter 1, Utah Uniform
             339      Securities Act;
             340          (i) any act prohibited by the criminal provisions of Title 63, Chapter 56, Utah
             341      Procurement Code;
             342          (j) assault or aggravated assault, Sections 76-5-102 and 76-5-103 ;
             343          (k) a terroristic threat, Section 76-5-107 ;
             344          (l) criminal homicide, Sections 76-5-201 , 76-5-202 , and 76-5-203 ;
             345          (m) kidnapping or aggravated kidnapping, Sections 76-5-301 and 76-5-302 ;
             346          (n) sexual exploitation of a minor, Section 76-5a-3 ;
             347          (o) arson or aggravated arson, Sections 76-6-102 and 76-6-103 ;
             348          (p) causing a catastrophe, Section 76-6-105 ;
             349          (q) burglary or aggravated burglary, Sections 76-6-202 and 76-6-203 ;
             350          (r) burglary of a vehicle, Section 76-6-204 ;
             351          (s) manufacture or possession of an instrument for burglary or theft, Section 76-6-205 ;
             352          (t) robbery or aggravated robbery, Sections 76-6-301 and 76-6-302 ;
             353          (u) theft, Section 76-6-404 ;
             354          (v) theft by deception, Section 76-6-405 ;
             355          (w) theft by extortion, Section 76-6-406 ;
             356          (x) receiving stolen property, Section 76-6-408 ;
             357          (y) theft of services, Section 76-6-409 ;
             358          (z) forgery, Section 76-6-501 ;
             359          (aa) fraudulent use of a credit card, Sections 76-6-506.1 , 76-6-506.2 , and 76-6-506.4 ;
             360          (bb) deceptive business practices, Section 76-6-507 ;
             361          (cc) bribery or receiving bribe by person in the business of selection, appraisal, or
             362      criticism of goods, Section 76-6-508 ;
             363          (dd) bribery of a labor official, Section 76-6-509 ;
             364          (ee) defrauding creditors, Section 76-6-511 ;
             365          (ff) acceptance of deposit by insolvent financial institution, Section 76-6-512 ;

             366          (gg) unlawful dealing with property by fiduciary, Section 76-6-513 ;
             367          (hh) bribery or threat to influence contest, Section 76-6-514 ;
             368          (ii) making a false credit report, Section 76-6-517 ;
             369          (jj) criminal simulation, Section 76-6-518 ;
             370          (kk) criminal usury, Section 76-6-520 ;
             371          (ll) fraudulent insurance act, Section 76-6-521 ;
             372          (mm) retail theft, Section 76-6-602 ;
             373          (nn) computer crimes, Section 76-6-703 ;
             374          (oo) identity fraud, Section 76-6-1102 ;
             375          (pp) sale of a child, Section 76-7-203 ;
             376          (qq) bribery to influence official or political actions, Section 76-8-103 ;
             377          (rr) threats to influence official or political action, Section 76-8-104 ;
             378          (ss) receiving bribe or bribery by public servant, Section 76-8-105 ;
             379          (tt) receiving bribe or bribery for endorsement of person as public servant, Section
             380      76-8-106 ;
             381          (uu) official misconduct, Sections 76-8-201 and 76-8-202 ;
             382          (vv) obstruction of justice, Section 76-8-306 ;
             383          (ww) acceptance of bribe or bribery to prevent criminal prosecution, Section 76-8-308 ;
             384          (xx) false or inconsistent material statements, Section 76-8-502 ;
             385          (yy) false or inconsistent statements, Section 76-8-503 ;
             386          (zz) written false statements, Section 76-8-504 ;
             387          (aaa) tampering with a witness or soliciting or receiving a bribe, Section 76-8-508 ;
             388          (bbb) retaliation against a witness, victim, or informant, Section 76-8-508.3 ;
             389          (ccc) extortion or bribery to dismiss criminal proceeding, Section 76-8-509 ;
             390          (ddd) public assistance fraud in violation of Section 76-8-1203 , 76-8-1204 , or
             391      76-8-1205 ;
             392          (eee) unemployment insurance fraud, Section 76-8-1301 ;
             393          (fff) intentionally or knowingly causing one animal to fight with another, Subsection

             394      76-9-301 [(1)(f)](2)(d) or (e), or Section 76-9-301.1 ;
             395          (ggg) possession, use, or removal of explosives, chemical, or incendiary devices or
             396      parts, Section 76-10-306 ;
             397          (hhh) delivery to common carrier, mailing, or placement on premises of an incendiary
             398      device, Section 76-10-307 ;
             399          (iii) possession of a deadly weapon with intent to assault, Section 76-10-507 ;
             400          (jjj) unlawful marking of pistol or revolver, Section 76-10-521 ;
             401          (kkk) alteration of number or mark on pistol or revolver, Section 76-10-522 ;
             402          (lll) forging or counterfeiting trademarks, trade name, or trade device, Section
             403      76-10-1002 ;
             404          (mmm) selling goods under counterfeited trademark, trade name, or trade devices,
             405      Section 76-10-1003 ;
             406          (nnn) sales in containers bearing registered trademark of substituted articles, Section
             407      76-10-1004 ;
             408          (ooo) selling or dealing with article bearing registered trademark or service mark with
             409      intent to defraud, Section 76-10-1006 ;
             410          (ppp) gambling, Section 76-10-1102 ;
             411          (qqq) gambling fraud, Section 76-10-1103 ;
             412          (rrr) gambling promotion, Section 76-10-1104 ;
             413          (sss) possessing a gambling device or record, Section 76-10-1105 ;
             414          (ttt) confidence game, Section 76-10-1109 ;
             415          (uuu) distributing pornographic material, Section 76-10-1204 ;
             416          (vvv) inducing acceptance of pornographic material, Section 76-10-1205 ;
             417          (www) dealing in harmful material to a minor, Section 76-10-1206 ;
             418          (xxx) distribution of pornographic films, Section 76-10-1222 ;
             419          (yyy) indecent public displays, Section 76-10-1228 ;
             420          (zzz) prostitution, Section 76-10-1302 ;
             421          (aaaa) aiding prostitution, Section 76-10-1304 ;

             422          (bbbb) exploiting prostitution, Section 76-10-1305 ;
             423          (cccc) aggravated exploitation of prostitution, Section 76-10-1306 ;
             424          (dddd) communications fraud, Section 76-10-1801 ;
             425          (eeee) any act prohibited by the criminal provisions of Title 76, Chapter 10, Part 19,
             426      Money Laundering and Currency Transaction Reporting Act;
             427          (ffff) any act prohibited by the criminal provisions of the laws governing taxation in this
             428      state; and
             429          (gggg) any act illegal under the laws of the United States and enumerated in Title 18,
             430      Section 1961 (1)(B), (C), and (D) of the United States Code.

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