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Fourth Substitute S.B. 15

Representative Paul Ray proposes the following substitute bill:


             1     
DRIVING UNDER THE INFLUENCE

             2     
AMENDMENTS

             3     
2008 GENERAL SESSION

             4     
STATE OF UTAH

             5     
Chief Sponsor: Carlene M. Walker

             6     
House Sponsor: Paul Ray

             7     
             8      LONG TITLE
             9      General Description:
             10          This bill amends provisions relating to driving under the influence.
             11      Highlighted Provisions:
             12          This bill:
             13          .    amends definitions;
             14          .    enacts an impaired driving plea;
             15          .    provides that a plea to a driving under the influence violation for an offense
             16      committed on or after July 1, 2008 may be entered as an impaired driving
             17      conviction in certain circumstances;
             18          .    provides that an impaired driving violation is a class B misdemeanor;
             19          .    provides requirements for a court entering a conviction of impaired driving in
             20      certain circumstances;
             21          .    requires the court to notify the Driver License Division of an impaired driving
             22              conviction;
             23          .    provides sentencing requirements for impaired driving convictions;
             24          .    provides that certain plea requirements when the prosecution agrees to a plea of
             25      guilty or no contest to an alcohol or drug-related reckless charge in satisfaction or


             26      substitute of an original charge of driving under the influence only apply to an offense
             27      committed before July 1, 2008;
             28          .    clarifies that certain license reinstatement provisions only apply to a certain 90 day
             29      suspension period imposed by the Driver License Division;
             30          .    increases the administrative impound fee for a driving under the influence violation
             31      impound; and
             32          .    makes technical changes.
             33      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             34          This bill appropriates:
             35          .    as an ongoing appropriation subject to future budget constraints, $660,000 from the
             36      General Fund for fiscal year 2008-09 to the Department of Public Safety, Utah
             37      Highway Patrol; and
             38          .    as an ongoing appropriation subject to future budget constraints, $660,000 from the
             39      General Fund for fiscal year 2008-09 to the Department of Public Safety, Liquor
             40      Law Enforcement Program.
             41      Other Special Clauses:
             42          This bill provides an effective date.
             43      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             44      AMENDS:
             45          41-6a-501, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2005, Chapter 2
             46          41-6a-510, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2005, Chapter 2
             47          41-6a-512, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2005, Chapter 2
             48          41-6a-518.2, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapter 341
             49          41-6a-529, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 261
             50          41-6a-1406, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2005, Chapter 56 and renumbered and
             51      amended by Laws of Utah 2005, Chapter 2
             52          53-3-220, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 261
             53          53-3-223, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 261
             54          76-5-207, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapter 341
             55          76-10-528, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2005, Chapter 2
             56      ENACTS:


             57          41-6a-502.5, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             58     
             59      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             60          Section 1. Section 41-6a-501 is amended to read:
             61           41-6a-501. Definitions.
             62          (1) As used in this part:
             63          (a) "Assessment" means an in-depth clinical interview with a licensed mental health
             64      therapist:
             65          (i) used to determine if a person is in need of:
             66          (A) substance abuse treatment that is obtained at a substance abuse program;
             67          (B) an educational series; or
             68          (C) a combination of Subsections (1)(a)(i)(A) and (B); and
             69          (ii) that is approved by the Board of Substance Abuse and Mental Health in accordance
             70      with Section 62A-15-105 .
             71          (b) "Drug" or "drugs" means:
             72          (i) a controlled substance as defined in Section 58-37-2 ;
             73          (ii) a drug as defined in Section 58-17b-102 ; or
             74          (iii) any substance that, when knowingly, intentionally, or recklessly taken into the
             75      human body, can impair the ability of a person to safely operate a motor vehicle.
             76          [(b)] (c) "Educational series" means an educational series obtained at a substance abuse
             77      program that is approved by the Board of Substance Abuse and Mental Health in accordance
             78      with Section 62A-15-105 .
             79          [(c)] (d) "Negligence" means simple negligence, the failure to exercise that degree of
             80      care that an ordinarily reasonable and prudent person exercises under like or similar
             81      circumstances.
             82          [(d)] (e) "Screening" means a preliminary appraisal of a person:
             83          (i) used to determine if the person is in need of:
             84          (A) an assessment; or
             85          (B) an educational series; and
             86          (ii) that is approved by the Board of Substance Abuse and Mental Health in accordance
             87      with Section 62A-15-105 .


             88          [(e)] (f) "Serious bodily injury" means bodily injury that creates or causes:
             89          (i) serious permanent disfigurement;
             90          (ii) protracted loss or impairment of the function of any bodily member or organ; or
             91          (iii) a substantial risk of death.
             92          [(f)] (g) "Substance abuse treatment" means treatment obtained at a substance abuse
             93      program that is approved by the Board of Substance Abuse and Mental Health in accordance
             94      with Section 62A-15-105 .
             95          [(g)] (h) "Substance abuse treatment program" means a state licensed substance abuse
             96      program.
             97          [(h)] (i) (i) "Vehicle" or "motor vehicle" means a vehicle or motor vehicle as defined in
             98      Section 41-6a-102 ; and
             99          (ii) "Vehicle" or "motor vehicle" includes:
             100          (A) an off-highway vehicle as defined under Section 41-22-2 ; and
             101          (B) a motorboat as defined in Section 73-18-2 .
             102          (2) As used in Section 41-6a-503 :
             103          (a) "Conviction" means any conviction for a violation of:
             104          (i) driving under the influence under Section 41-6a-502 ;
             105          (ii) (A) for an offense committed before July 1, 2008, alcohol, any drug, or a
             106      combination of both-related reckless driving under [Sections]:
             107          (I) Section 41-6a-512 ; and
             108          (II) Section 41-6a-528 ; or
             109          (B) for an offense committed on or after July 1, 2008, impaired driving under Section
             110      41-6a-502.5 ;
             111          (iii) driving with any measurable controlled substance that is taken illegally in the body
             112      under Section 41-6a-517 ;
             113          (iv) local ordinances similar to Section 41-6a-502 [or], alcohol, any drug, or a
             114      combination of both-related reckless driving, or impaired driving under Section 41-6a-502.5
             115      adopted in compliance with Section 41-6a-510 ;
             116          (v) automobile homicide under Section 76-5-207 ;
             117          (vi) Subsection 58-37-8 (2)(g);
             118          (vii) a violation described in Subsections (2)(a)(i) through (vi), which judgment of


             119      conviction is reduced under Section 76-3-402 ; or
             120          (viii) statutes or ordinances previously in effect in this state or in effect in any other
             121      state, the United States, or any district, possession, or territory of the United States which
             122      would constitute a violation of Section 41-6a-502 or alcohol, any drug, or a combination of
             123      both-related reckless driving if committed in this state, including punishments administered
             124      under 10 U.S.C. Sec. 815.
             125          (b) A plea of guilty or no contest to a violation described in Subsections (2)(a)(i)
             126      through (viii) which plea [is] was held in abeyance under Title 77, Chapter 2a, Pleas in
             127      Abeyance, prior to July 1, 2008, is the equivalent of a conviction, even if the charge has been
             128      subsequently reduced or dismissed in accordance with the plea in abeyance agreement, for
             129      purposes of:
             130          (i) enhancement of penalties under:
             131          (A) this Chapter 6a, Part 5, Driving Under the Influence and Reckless Driving; and
             132          (B) automobile homicide under Section 76-5-207 ; and
             133          (ii) expungement under Section 77-18-12 .
             134          Section 2. Section 41-6a-502.5 is enacted to read:
             135          41-6a-502.5. Impaired driving -- Penalty -- Sentencing requirements.
             136          (1) With the agreement of the prosecutor, a plea to a class B misdemeanor violation of
             137      Section 41-6a-502 committed on or after July 1, 2008, may be entered as a conviction of
             138      impaired driving under this section if:
             139          (a) the defendant completes court ordered probation requirements; or
             140          (b) (i) the prosecutor agrees as part of a negotiated plea; and
             141          (ii) the court finds the plea to be in the interest of justice.
             142          (2) A conviction entered under this section is a class B misdemeanor.
             143          (3) (a) (i) If the entry of an impaired driving plea is based on successful completion of
             144      probation under Subsection (1)(a), the court shall enter the conviction at the time of the plea.
             145          (ii) If the defendant fails to appear before the court and establish successful completion
             146      of the court ordered probation requirements under Subsection (1)(a), the court shall enter an
             147      amended conviction of Section 41-6a-502 .
             148          (iii) The date of entry of the amended order under Subsection (3)(a)(ii) is the date of
             149      conviction.


             150          (b) The court may enter a conviction of impaired driving immediately under
             151      Subsection (1)(b).
             152          (4) For purposes of Section 76-3-402 , the entry of a plea to a class B misdemeanor
             153      violation of Section 41-6a-502 as impaired driving under this section is a reduction of one
             154      degree.
             155          (5) The court shall notify the Driver License Division of each conviction entered under
             156      this section.
             157          (6) (a) The provisions in Subsections 41-6a-505 (1), (2), and (3) that require a
             158      sentencing court to order a convicted person to participate in a screening, an assessment, or an
             159      educational series, or obtain substance abuse treatment or do a combination of those things,
             160      apply to a conviction entered under this section.
             161          (b) The court shall render the same order regarding screening, assessment, an
             162      educational series, or substance abuse treatment in connection with a first, second, or
             163      subsequent conviction under this section as the court would render in connection with applying
             164      respectively, the first, second, or subsequent conviction requirements of Subsection
             165      41-6a-505 (1), (2), or (3).
             166          Section 3. Section 41-6a-510 is amended to read:
             167           41-6a-510. Local DUI and related ordinances and reckless driving and impaired
             168      driving ordinances -- Consistent with code.
             169          (1) An ordinance adopted by a local authority that governs the following matters shall
             170      be consistent with the provisions in this code which govern the following matters:
             171          (a) a person's operating or being in actual physical control of a motor vehicle while
             172      having alcohol in the blood or while under the influence of alcohol or any drug or the
             173      combined influence of alcohol and any drug; or
             174          (b) in relation to any of the matters described in Subsection (1)(a), the use of:
             175          (i) a chemical test or chemical tests;
             176          (ii) evidentiary presumptions;
             177          (iii) penalties; or
             178          (iv) any combination of the matters described in Subsection (1).
             179          (2) An ordinance adopted by a local authority that governs reckless driving, impaired
             180      driving, or operating a vehicle in willful or wanton disregard for the safety of persons or


             181      property shall be consistent with the provisions of this code which govern those matters.
             182          Section 4. Section 41-6a-512 is amended to read:
             183           41-6a-512. Factual basis for alcohol or drug-related reckless driving plea.
             184          (1) (a) The prosecution shall state for the record a factual basis for a plea, including
             185      whether or not there had been consumption of alcohol, drugs, or a combination of both, by the
             186      defendant in connection with the violation when the prosecution agrees to a plea of guilty or no
             187      contest to a charge of a violation of the following in satisfaction of, or as a substitute for, an
             188      original charge of a violation of Section 41-6a-502 for an offense committed before July 1,
             189      2008:
             190          (i) reckless driving under Section 41-6a-528 ; or
             191          (ii) an ordinance enacted under Section 41-6a-510 .
             192          (b) The statement under Subsection (1)(a) is an offer of proof of the facts that shows
             193      whether there was consumption of alcohol, drugs, or a combination of both, by the defendant,
             194      in connection with the violation.
             195          (2) The court shall advise the defendant before accepting the plea offered under this
             196      section of the consequences of a violation of Section 41-6a-528 .
             197          (3) The court shall notify the Driver License Division of each conviction of Section
             198      41-6a-528 entered under this section.
             199          (4) (a) The provisions in Subsections 41-6a-505 (1), (2), and (3) that require a
             200      sentencing court to order a convicted person to participate in a screening, an assessment, or an
             201      educational series or obtain substance abuse treatment or do a combination of those things,
             202      apply to a conviction for a violation of Section 41-6a-528 under Subsection (1).
             203          (b) The court shall render the same order regarding screening, assessment, an
             204      educational series, or substance abuse treatment in connection with a first, second, or
             205      subsequent conviction under Section 41-6a-528 under Subsection (1), as the court would
             206      render in connection with applying respectively, the first, second, or subsequent conviction
             207      requirements of Subsections 41-6a-505 (1), (2), and (3).
             208          Section 5. Section 41-6a-518.2 is amended to read:
             209           41-6a-518.2. Interlock restricted driver -- Penalties for operation without ignition
             210      interlock system.
             211          (1) As used in this section:


             212          (a) "ignition interlock system" means a constant monitoring device or any similar
             213      device that:
             214          (i) is in working order at the time of operation or actual physical control; and
             215          (ii) is certified by the Commissioner of Public Safety in accordance with Subsection
             216      41-6a-518 (8); and
             217          (b) (i) "interlock restricted driver" means a person who:
             218          (A) has been ordered by a court or the Board of Pardons and Parole as a condition of
             219      probation or parole not to operate a motor vehicle without an ignition interlock system;
             220          (B) (I) within the last three years has been convicted of an offense that occurred after
             221      May 1, 2006 which would be a conviction as defined under Section 41-6a-501 ; and
             222          (II) the [conviction] offense described under Subsection (1)(b)(i)(B)(I) is committed
             223      within ten years [of one or more prior convictions] from the date that one or more prior
             224      offenses was committed if the prior offense resulted in a conviction as defined in Subsection
             225      41-6a-501 (2);
             226          (C) within the last three years has been convicted of a violation of this section;
             227          (D) within the last three years has had the person's driving privilege revoked for refusal
             228      to submit to a chemical test under Section 41-6a-520 , which refusal occurred after May 1,
             229      2006;
             230          (E) within the last three years has been convicted of a violation of Section 41-6a-502
             231      and was under the age of 21 at the time the offense was committed;
             232          [(E)] (F) within the last six years has been convicted of a felony violation of Section
             233      41-6a-502 for an offense that occurred after May 1, 2006; or
             234          [(F)] (G) within the last ten years has been convicted of automobile homicide under
             235      Section 76-5-207 for an offense that occurred after May 1, 2006; and
             236          (ii) "interlock restricted driver" does not include a person if:
             237          (A) the person's conviction described in Subsection (1)(b)(i)(B)(I) is a conviction under
             238      Section 41-6a-517 ; and
             239          (B) all of the person's prior convictions described in Subsection (1)(b)(i)(B)(II) are
             240      convictions under Section 41-6a-517 .
             241          (2) For purposes of this section, a plea of guilty or no contest to a violation of Section
             242      41-6a-502 which plea [is] was held in abeyance under Title 77, Chapter 2a, Pleas in Abeyance,


             243      prior to July 1, 2008, is the equivalent of a conviction, even if the charge has been subsequently
             244      reduced or dismissed in accordance with the plea in abeyance agreement.
             245          (3) An interlock restricted driver that operates or is in actual physical control of a
             246      vehicle in this state without an ignition interlock system is guilty of a class B misdemeanor.
             247          (4) (a) It is an affirmative defense to a charge of a violation of Subsection (3) if:
             248          (i) an interlock restricted driver:
             249          (A) operated or was in actual physical control of a vehicle owned by the interlock
             250      restricted driver's employer;
             251          (B) had given written notice to the employer of the interlock restricted driver's
             252      interlock restricted status prior to the operation or actual physical control under Subsection
             253      (4)(a)(i); and
             254          (C) had on the interlock restricted driver's person or in the vehicle at the time of
             255      operation or physical control proof of having given notice to the interlock restricted driver's
             256      employer; and
             257          (ii) the operation or actual physical control under Subsection (4)(a)(i)(A) was in the
             258      scope of the interlock restricted driver's employment.
             259          (b) The affirmative defense under Subsection (4)(a) does not apply to:
             260          (i) an employer-owned motor vehicle that is made available to an interlock restricted
             261      driver for personal use; or
             262          (ii) a motor vehicle owned by a business entity that is all or partly owned or controlled
             263      by the interlock restricted driver.
             264          Section 6. Section 41-6a-529 is amended to read:
             265           41-6a-529. Definitions -- Alcohol restricted drivers.
             266          (1) As used in this section and Section 41-6a-530 , "alcohol restricted driver" means a
             267      person who:
             268          (a) within the last two years:
             269          (i) has been convicted of:
             270          (A) a misdemeanor violation of Section 41-6a-502 ;
             271          (B) alcohol, any drug, or a combination of both-related reckless driving under Section
             272      41-6a-512 ;
             273          (C) impaired driving under Section 41-6a-502.5 ;


             274          [(C)] (D) local ordinances similar to Section 41-6a-502 [or], alcohol, any drug, or a
             275      combination of both-related reckless driving, or impaired driving adopted in compliance with
             276      Section 41-6a-510 ;
             277          [(D)] (E) a violation described in Subsections (1)(a)(i)(A) through [(C)] (D), which
             278      judgment of conviction is reduced under Section 76-3-402 ; or
             279          [(E)] (F) statutes or ordinances previously in effect in this state or in effect in any other
             280      state, the United States, or any district, possession, or territory of the United States which
             281      would constitute a violation of Section 41-6a-502 [or], alcohol, any drug, or a combination of
             282      both-related reckless driving, or impaired driving if committed in this state, including
             283      punishments administered under 10 U.S.C. Sec. 815; or
             284          (ii) has had the person's driving privilege suspended under Section 53-3-223 for an
             285      alcohol-related offense based on an arrest which occurred on or after July 1, 2005;
             286          (b) within the last three years has been convicted of a violation of this section or
             287      Section 41-6a-518.2 ;
             288          (c) within the last five years:
             289          (i) has had the person's driving privilege revoked for refusal to submit to a chemical
             290      test under Section 41-6a-520 , which refusal occurred on or after July 1, 2005; or
             291          (ii) [(A)] has been convicted of [an offense described in Subsection (1)(a)(i); and] a
             292      class A misdemeanor violation of Section 41-6a-502 committed on or after July 1, 2008;
             293          [(B) at the time of operation or actual physical control of a vehicle the person:]
             294          [(I) is 21 years of age or older; and]
             295          [(II) has a passenger under 16 years of age in the vehicle;]
             296          (d) within the last ten years:
             297          (i) has been convicted of an offense described in Subsection (1)(a)(i) which
             298      [conviction] offense was committed within ten years of [a prior conviction for an] the
             299      commission of a prior offense described in Subsection (1)(a)(i) for which the person was
             300      convicted; or
             301          (ii) has had the person's driving privilege revoked for refusal to submit to a chemical
             302      test and the refusal is within ten years after:
             303          (A) a prior refusal to submit to a chemical test under Section 41-6a-520 ; or
             304          (B) a prior conviction for an offense described in Subsection (1)(a)(i) which is not


             305      based on the same arrest as the refusal; [or]
             306          (e) at any time has been convicted of:
             307          (i) automobile homicide under Section 76-5-207 for an offense that occurred on or
             308      after July 1, 2005; or
             309          (ii) a felony violation of Section 41-6a-502 for an offense that occurred on or after July
             310      1, 2005[.]; or
             311          (f) at the time of operation of a vehicle is under 21 years of age.
             312          (2) For purposes of this section and Section 41-6a-530 , a plea of guilty or no contest to
             313      a violation described in Subsection (1)(a)(i) which plea [is] was held in abeyance under Title
             314      77, Chapter 2a, Pleas in Abeyance, prior to July 1, 2008, is the equivalent of a conviction, even
             315      if the charge has been subsequently reduced or dismissed in accordance with the plea in
             316      abeyance agreement.
             317          Section 7. Section 41-6a-1406 is amended to read:
             318           41-6a-1406. Removal and impoundment of vehicles -- Reporting and notification
             319      requirements -- Administrative impound fee -- Refunds -- Possessory lien -- Rulemaking.
             320          (1) If a vehicle, vessel, or outboard motor is removed or impounded as provided under
             321      Section 41-1a-1101 , 41-6a-527 , 41-6a-1405 , 41-6a-1408 , or 73-18-20.1 by an order of a peace
             322      officer or by an order of a person acting on behalf of a law enforcement agency or highway
             323      authority, the removal or impoundment of the vehicle, vessel, or outboard motor shall be at the
             324      expense of the owner.
             325          (2) The vehicle, vessel, or outboard motor under Subsection (1) shall be removed or
             326      impounded to:
             327          (a) a state impound yard; or
             328          (b) if none, a garage, docking area, or other place of safety.
             329          (3) The peace officer may move a vehicle, vessel, or outboard motor or cause it to be
             330      removed by a tow truck motor carrier that meets standards established:
             331          (a) under Title 72, Chapter 9, Motor Carrier Safety Act; and
             332          (b) by the department under Subsection (10).
             333          (4) (a) Immediately after the removal of the vehicle, vessel, or outboard motor, a report
             334      of the removal shall be sent to the Motor Vehicle Division by:
             335          (i) the peace officer or agency by whom the peace officer is employed; and


             336          (ii) the tow truck operator or the tow truck motor carrier by whom the tow truck
             337      operator is employed.
             338          (b) The report shall be in a form specified by the Motor Vehicle Division and shall
             339      include:
             340          (i) the operator's name, if known;
             341          (ii) a description of the vehicle, vessel, or outboard motor;
             342          (iii) the vehicle identification number or vessel or outboard motor identification
             343      number;
             344          (iv) the license number or other identification number issued by a state agency;
             345          (v) the date, time, and place of impoundment;
             346          (vi) the reason for removal or impoundment;
             347          (vii) the name of the tow truck motor carrier who removed the vehicle, vessel, or
             348      outboard motor; and
             349          (viii) the place where the vehicle, vessel, or outboard motor is stored.
             350          (c) Until the tow truck operator or tow truck motor carrier reports the removal as
             351      required under this Subsection (4), a tow truck motor carrier or impound yard may not:
             352          (i) collect any fee associated with the removal; and
             353          (ii) begin charging storage fees.
             354          (5) (a) Upon receipt of the report, the Motor Vehicle Division shall give notice to the
             355      registered owner of the vehicle, vessel, or outboard motor and any lien holder in the manner
             356      prescribed by Section 41-1a-114 .
             357          (b) The notice shall:
             358          (i) state the date, time, and place of removal, the name, if applicable, of the person
             359      operating the vehicle, vessel, or outboard motor at the time of removal, the reason for removal,
             360      and the place where the vehicle, vessel, or outboard motor is stored;
             361          (ii) state that the registered owner is responsible for payment of towing, impound, and
             362      storage fees charged against the vehicle, vessel, or outboard motor;
             363          (iii) inform the registered owner of the vehicle, vessel, or outboard motor of the
             364      conditions that must be satisfied before the vehicle, vessel, or outboard motor is released; and
             365          (iv) inform the registered owner and lienholder of the division's intent to sell the
             366      vehicle, vessel, or outboard motor, if within 30 days from the date of the removal or


             367      impoundment under this section, the owner, lien holder, or the owner's agent fails to make a
             368      claim for release of the vehicle, vessel, or outboard motor.
             369          (c) If the vehicle, vessel, or outboard motor is not registered in this state, the Motor
             370      Vehicle Division shall make a reasonable effort to notify the registered owner and any lien
             371      holder of the removal and the place where the vehicle, vessel, or outboard motor is stored.
             372          (d) The Motor Vehicle Division shall forward a copy of the notice to the place where
             373      the vehicle, vessel, or outboard motor is stored.
             374          (6) (a) The vehicle, vessel, or outboard motor shall be released after the registered
             375      owner, lien holder, or the owner's agent:
             376          (i) makes a claim for release of the vehicle, vessel, or outboard motor at any office of
             377      the State Tax Commission;
             378          (ii) presents identification sufficient to prove ownership of the impounded vehicle,
             379      vessel, or outboard motor;
             380          (iii) completes the registration, if needed, and pays the appropriate fees;
             381          (iv) if the impoundment was made under Section 41-6a-527 , pays an administrative
             382      impound fee of [$230] $330; and
             383          (v) pays all towing and storage fees to the place where the vehicle, vessel, or outboard
             384      motor is stored.
             385          (b) (i) Twenty-nine dollars of the administrative impound fee assessed under
             386      Subsection (6)(a)(iv) shall be dedicated credits to the Motor Vehicle Division;
             387          (ii) $97 of the administrative impound fee assessed under Subsection (6)(a)(iv) shall be
             388      deposited in the Department of Public Safety Restricted Account created in Section 53-3-106 ;
             389      and
             390          (iii) the remainder of the administrative impound fee assessed under Subsection
             391      (6)(a)(iv) shall be deposited in the General Fund.
             392          (c) The administrative impound fee assessed under Subsection (6)(a)(iv) shall be
             393      waived or refunded by the State Tax Commission if the registered owner, lien holder, or
             394      owner's agent presents written evidence to the State Tax Commission that:
             395          (i) the Driver License Division determined that the arrested person's driver license
             396      should not be suspended or revoked under Section 53-3-223 or 41-6a-521 as shown by a letter
             397      or other report from the Driver License Division presented within 30 days of the final


             398      notification from the Driver License Division; or
             399          (ii) the vehicle was stolen at the time of the impoundment as shown by a copy of the
             400      stolen vehicle report presented within 30 days of the impoundment.
             401          (7) (a) An impounded vehicle, vessel, or outboard motor not claimed by the registered
             402      owner or the owner's agent within the time prescribed by Section 41-1a-1103 shall be sold in
             403      accordance with that section and the proceeds, if any, shall be disposed of as provided under
             404      Section 41-1a-1104 .
             405          (b) The date of impoundment is considered the date of seizure for computing the time
             406      period provided under Section 41-1a-1103 .
             407          (8) The registered owner who pays all fees and charges incurred in the impoundment of
             408      the owner's vehicle, vessel, or outboard motor, has a cause of action for all the fees and
             409      charges, together with damages, court costs, and attorney fees, against the operator of the
             410      vehicle, vessel, or outboard motor whose actions caused the removal or impoundment.
             411          (9) Towing, impound fees, and storage fees are a possessory lien on the vehicle, vessel,
             412      or outboard motor.
             413          (10) In accordance with Title 63, Chapter 46a, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act,
             414      the department shall make rules setting the performance standards for towing companies to be
             415      used by the department.
             416          (11) (a) The Motor Vehicle Division may specify that a report required under
             417      Subsection (4) be submitted in electronic form utilizing a database for submission, storage, and
             418      retrieval of the information.
             419          (b) (i) Unless otherwise provided by statute, the Motor Vehicle Division or the
             420      administrator of the database may adopt a schedule of fees assessed for utilizing the database.
             421          (ii) The fees under this Subsection (11)(b) shall:
             422          (A) be reasonable and fair; and
             423          (B) reflect the cost of administering the database.
             424          Section 8. Section 53-3-220 is amended to read:
             425           53-3-220. Offenses requiring mandatory revocation, denial, suspension, or
             426      disqualification of license -- Offense requiring an extension of period -- Hearing --
             427      Limited driving privileges.
             428          (1) (a) The division shall immediately revoke or, when this chapter or Title 41, Chapter


             429      6a, Traffic Code, specifically provides for denial, suspension, or disqualification, the division
             430      shall deny, suspend, or disqualify the license of a person upon receiving a record of the person's
             431      conviction for any of the following offenses:
             432          (i) manslaughter or negligent homicide resulting from driving a motor vehicle, or
             433      automobile homicide under Section 76-5-207 ;
             434          (ii) driving or being in actual physical control of a motor vehicle while under the
             435      influence of alcohol, any drug, or combination of them to a degree that renders the person
             436      incapable of safely driving a motor vehicle as prohibited in Section 41-6a-502 or as prohibited
             437      in an ordinance that complies with the requirements of Subsection 41-6a-510 (1);
             438          (iii) driving or being in actual physical control of a motor vehicle while having a blood
             439      or breath alcohol content prohibited in Section 41-6a-502 or as prohibited in an ordinance that
             440      complies with the requirements of Subsection 41-6a-510 (1);
             441          (iv) perjury or the making of a false affidavit to the division under this chapter, Title
             442      41, Motor Vehicles, or any other law of this state requiring the registration of motor vehicles or
             443      regulating driving on highways;
             444          (v) any felony under the motor vehicle laws of this state;
             445          (vi) any other felony in which a motor vehicle is used to facilitate the offense;
             446          (vii) failure to stop and render aid as required under the laws of this state if a motor
             447      vehicle accident results in the death or personal injury of another;
             448          (viii) two charges of reckless driving, impaired driving, or any combination of reckless
             449      driving and impaired driving committed within a period of 12 months; but if upon a first
             450      conviction of reckless driving or impaired driving the judge or justice recommends suspension
             451      of the convicted person's license, the division may after a hearing suspend the license for a
             452      period of three months;
             453          (ix) failure to bring a motor vehicle to a stop at the command of a peace officer as
             454      required in Section 41-6a-210 ;
             455          (x) any offense specified in Part 4, Uniform Commercial Driver License Act, that
             456      requires disqualification;
             457          (xi) discharging or allowing the discharge of a firearm from a vehicle in violation of
             458      Subsection 76-10-508 (2);
             459          (xii) using, allowing the use of, or causing to be used any explosive, chemical, or


             460      incendiary device from a vehicle in violation of Subsection 76-10-306 (4)(b);
             461          (xiii) operating or being in actual physical control of a motor vehicle while having any
             462      measurable controlled substance or metabolite of a controlled substance in the person's body in
             463      violation of Section 41-6a-517 ;
             464          (xiv) until July 30, 2015, operating or being in actual physical control of a motor
             465      vehicle while having any alcohol in the person's body in violation of Section 53-3-232 ;
             466          (xv) operating or being in actual physical control of a motor vehicle while having any
             467      measurable or detectable amount of alcohol in the person's body in violation of Section
             468      41-6a-530 ;
             469          (xvi) engaging in a motor vehicle speed contest or exhibition of speed on a highway in
             470      violation of Section 41-6a-606 ; and
             471          (xvii) operating or being in actual physical control of a motor vehicle in this state
             472      without an ignition interlock system in violation of Section 41-6a-518.2 .
             473          (b) The division shall immediately revoke the license of a person upon receiving a
             474      record of an adjudication under Title 78, Chapter 3a, Juvenile Court Act of 1996, for any of the
             475      following offenses:
             476          (i) discharging or allowing the discharge of a firearm from a vehicle in violation of
             477      Subsection 76-10-508 (2); and
             478          (ii) using, allowing the use of, or causing to be used any explosive, chemical, or
             479      incendiary device from a vehicle in violation of Subsection 76-10-306 (4)(b).
             480          (c) Except when action is taken under Section 53-3-219 for the same offense, the
             481      division shall immediately suspend for six months the license of a person upon receiving a
             482      record of conviction for any of the following offenses:
             483          (i) any violation of:
             484          (A) Title 58, Chapter 37, Utah Controlled Substances Act;
             485          (B) Title 58, Chapter 37a, Utah Drug Paraphernalia Act;
             486          (C) Title 58, Chapter 37b, Imitation Controlled Substances Act;
             487          (D) Title 58, Chapter 37c, Utah Controlled Substance Precursor Act; or
             488          (E) Title 58, Chapter 37d, Clandestine Drug Lab Act; or
             489          (ii) any criminal offense that prohibits:
             490          (A) possession, distribution, manufacture, cultivation, sale, or transfer of any substance


             491      that is prohibited under the acts described in Subsection (1)(c)(i); or
             492          (B) the attempt or conspiracy to possess, distribute, manufacture, cultivate, sell, or
             493      transfer any substance that is prohibited under the acts described in Subsection (1)(c)(i).
             494          (2) The division shall extend the period of the first denial, suspension, revocation, or
             495      disqualification for an additional like period, to a maximum of one year for each subsequent
             496      occurrence, upon receiving:
             497          (a) a record of the conviction of any person on a charge of driving a motor vehicle
             498      while the person's license is denied, suspended, revoked, or disqualified;
             499          (b) a record of a conviction of the person for any violation of the motor vehicle law in
             500      which the person was involved as a driver;
             501          (c) a report of an arrest of the person for any violation of the motor vehicle law in
             502      which the person was involved as a driver; or
             503          (d) a report of an accident in which the person was involved as a driver.
             504          (3) When the division receives a report under Subsection (2)(c) or (d) that a person is
             505      driving while the person's license is denied, suspended, disqualified, or revoked, the person is
             506      entitled to a hearing regarding the extension of the time of denial, suspension, disqualification,
             507      or revocation originally imposed under Section 53-3-221 .
             508          (4) (a) The division may extend to a person the limited privilege of driving a motor
             509      vehicle to and from the person's place of employment or within other specified limits on
             510      recommendation of the trial judge in any case where a person is convicted of any of the
             511      offenses referred to in Subsections (1) and (2) except:
             512          (i) automobile homicide under Subsection (1)(a)(i);
             513          (ii) those offenses referred to in Subsections (1)(a)(ii), (a)(iii), (a)(xi), (a)(xii), (a)(xiii),
             514      (1)(b), and (1)(c); and
             515          (iii) those offenses referred to in Subsection (2) when the original denial, suspension,
             516      revocation, or disqualification was imposed because of a violation of Section 41-6a-502 ,
             517      41-6a-517 , a local ordinance which complies with the requirements of Subsection
             518      41-6a-510 (1), Section 41-6a-520 , or Section 76-5-207 , or a criminal prohibition that the person
             519      was charged with violating as a result of a plea bargain after having been originally charged
             520      with violating one or more of these sections or ordinances.
             521          (b) This discretionary privilege is limited to when undue hardship would result from a


             522      failure to grant the privilege and may be granted only once to any individual during any single
             523      period of denial, suspension, revocation, or disqualification, or extension of that denial,
             524      suspension, revocation, or disqualification.
             525          (c) A limited CDL may not be granted to an individual disqualified under Part 4,
             526      Uniform Commercial Driver License Act, or whose license has been revoked, suspended,
             527      cancelled, or denied under this chapter.
             528          Section 9. Section 53-3-223 is amended to read:
             529           53-3-223. Chemical test for driving under the influence -- Temporary license --
             530      Hearing and decision -- Suspension and fee -- Judicial review.
             531          (1) (a) If a peace officer has reasonable grounds to believe that a person may be
             532      violating or has violated Section 41-6a-502 , prohibiting the operation of a vehicle with a
             533      certain blood or breath alcohol concentration and driving under the influence of any drug,
             534      alcohol, or combination of a drug and alcohol or while having any measurable controlled
             535      substance or metabolite of a controlled substance in the person's body in violation of Section
             536      41-6a-517 , the peace officer may, in connection with arresting the person, request that the
             537      person submit to a chemical test or tests to be administered in compliance with the standards
             538      under Section 41-6a-520 .
             539          (b) In this section, a reference to Section 41-6a-502 includes any similar local
             540      ordinance adopted in compliance with Subsection 41-6a-510 (1).
             541          (2) The peace officer shall advise a person prior to the person's submission to a
             542      chemical test that a test result indicating a violation of Section 41-6a-502 or 41-6a-517 shall,
             543      and the existence of a blood alcohol content sufficient to render the person incapable of safely
             544      driving a motor vehicle may, result in suspension or revocation of the person's license to drive
             545      a motor vehicle.
             546          (3) If the person submits to a chemical test and the test results indicate a blood or
             547      breath alcohol content in violation of Section 41-6a-502 or 41-6a-517 , or if a peace officer
             548      makes a determination, based on reasonable grounds, that the person is otherwise in violation
             549      of Section 41-6a-502 , a peace officer shall, on behalf of the division and within 24 hours of
             550      arrest, give notice of the division's intention to suspend the person's license to drive a motor
             551      vehicle.
             552          (4) (a) When a peace officer gives notice on behalf of the division, the peace officer


             553      shall:
             554          (i) take the Utah license certificate or permit, if any, of the driver;
             555          (ii) issue a temporary license certificate effective for only 29 days from the date of
             556      arrest; and
             557          (iii) supply to the driver, in a manner specified by the division, basic information
             558      regarding how to obtain a prompt hearing before the division.
             559          (b) A citation issued by a peace officer may, if provided in a manner specified by the
             560      division, also serve as the temporary license certificate.
             561          (5) As a matter of procedure, a peace officer shall send to the division within ten
             562      calendar days after the day on which notice is provided:
             563          (a) the person's license certificate;
             564          (b) a copy of the citation issued for the offense;
             565          (c) a signed report in a manner specified by the division indicating the chemical test
             566      results, if any; and
             567          (d) any other basis for the peace officer's determination that the person has violated
             568      Section 41-6a-502 or 41-6a-517 .
             569          (6) (a) Upon request in a manner specified by the division, the division shall grant to
             570      the person an opportunity to be heard within 29 days after the date of arrest. The request to be
             571      heard shall be made within ten calendar days of the day on which notice is provided under
             572      Subsection (5).
             573          (b) (i) Except as provided in Subsection (6)(b)(ii), a hearing, if held, shall be before the
             574      division in the county in which the arrest occurred.
             575          (ii) The division may hold a hearing in some other county if the division and the person
             576      both agree.
             577          (c) The hearing shall be documented and shall cover the issues of:
             578          (i) whether a peace officer had reasonable grounds to believe the person was driving a
             579      motor vehicle in violation of Section 41-6a-502 or 41-6a-517 ;
             580          (ii) whether the person refused to submit to the test; and
             581          (iii) the test results, if any.
             582          (d) (i) In connection with a hearing the division or its authorized agent:
             583          (A) may administer oaths and may issue subpoenas for the attendance of witnesses and


             584      the production of relevant books and papers; or
             585          (B) may issue subpoenas for the attendance of necessary peace officers.
             586          (ii) The division shall pay witness fees and mileage from the Transportation Fund in
             587      accordance with the rates established in Section 78-46-28 .
             588          (e) The division may designate one or more employees to conduct the hearing.
             589          (f) Any decision made after a hearing before any designated employee is as valid as if
             590      made by the division.
             591          (7) (a) If, after a hearing, the division determines that a peace officer had reasonable
             592      grounds to believe that the person was driving a motor vehicle in violation of Section
             593      41-6a-502 or 41-6a-517 , if the person failed to appear before the division as required in the
             594      notice, or if a hearing is not requested under this section, the division shall suspend the person's
             595      license or permit to operate a motor vehicle for a period of:
             596          (i) 90 days beginning on the 30th day after the date of arrest for a first suspension; or
             597          (ii) one year beginning on the 30th day after the date of arrest for a second or
             598      subsequent suspension for an offense that occurred within the previous ten years.
             599          (b) (i) Notwithstanding the provisions in Subsection (7)(a)(i), the division shall
             600      reinstate a person's license prior to completion of the 90 day suspension period imposed under
             601      Subsection (7)(a)(i) [if the person's charge for a violation of Section 41-6a-502 or 41-6a-517 is
             602      reduced or dismissed]:
             603          (A) immediately upon receiving written verification of the person's dismissal of a
             604      charge for a violation of Section 41-6a-502 or 41-6a-517 , if the written verification is received
             605      prior to completion of the suspension period[.]; or
             606          [(ii) The division shall immediately reinstate a person's license upon receiving written
             607      verification of the person's dismissal of a charge for a violation of Section 41-6a-502 or
             608      41-6a-517 .]
             609          [(iii) The division shall reinstate a person's license no sooner than 60 days beginning
             610      on the 30th day after the date of arrest upon receiving written verification of the person's
             611      reduction of a charge for a violation of Section 41-6a-502 or 41-6a-517 .]
             612          (B) no sooner than 60 days beginning on the 30th day after the date of arrest upon
             613      receiving written verification of the person's reduction of a charge for a violation of Section
             614      41-6a-502 or 41-6a-517 , if the written verification is received prior to completion of the


             615      suspension period.
             616          [(iv)] (ii) If a person's license is reinstated under this Subsection (7)(b), the person is
             617      required to pay the license reinstatement fees under Subsections 53-3-105 (29) and (30).
             618          (iii) The driver license reinstatements authorized under this Subsection (7)(b) only
             619      apply to a 90 day suspension period imposed under Subsection (7)(a)(i).
             620          (8) (a) The division shall assess against a person, in addition to any fee imposed under
             621      Subsection 53-3-205 (13) for driving under the influence, a fee under Section 53-3-105 to cover
             622      administrative costs, which shall be paid before the person's driving privilege is reinstated. This
             623      fee shall be cancelled if the person obtains an unappealed division hearing or court decision
             624      that the suspension was not proper.
             625          (b) A person whose license has been suspended by the division under this section
             626      following an administrative hearing may file a petition within 30 days after the suspension for a
             627      hearing on the matter which, if held, is governed by Section 53-3-224 .
             628          Section 10. Section 76-5-207 is amended to read:
             629           76-5-207. Automobile homicide.
             630          (1) As used in this section[, "motor]:
             631          (a) "Drug" or "drugs" means:
             632          (i) a controlled substance as defined in Section 58-37-2 ;
             633          (ii) a drug as defined in Section 58-17b-102 ; or
             634          (iii) any substance that, when knowingly, intentionally, or recklessly taken into the
             635      human body, can impair the ability of a person to safely operate a motor vehicle.
             636          (b) "Motor vehicle" means any self-propelled vehicle and includes any automobile,
             637      truck, van, motorcycle, train, engine, watercraft, or aircraft.
             638          (2) (a) Criminal homicide is automobile homicide, a third degree felony, if the person
             639      operates a motor vehicle in a negligent manner causing the death of another and:
             640          (i) has sufficient alcohol in his body that a subsequent chemical test shows that the
             641      person has a blood or breath alcohol concentration of .08 grams or greater at the time of the
             642      test;
             643          (ii) is under the influence of alcohol, any drug, or the combined influence of alcohol
             644      and any drug to a degree that renders the person incapable of safely operating a vehicle; or
             645          (iii) has a blood or breath alcohol concentration of .08 grams or greater at the time of


             646      operation.
             647          (b) A conviction for a violation of this Subsection (2) is a second degree felony if it is
             648      subsequent to a conviction as defined in Subsection 41-6a-501 (2).
             649          (c) As used in this Subsection (2), "negligent" means simple negligence, the failure to
             650      exercise that degree of care that reasonable and prudent persons exercise under like or similar
             651      circumstances.
             652          (3) (a) Criminal homicide is automobile homicide, a second degree felony, if the
             653      person operates a motor vehicle in a criminally negligent manner causing the death of another
             654      and:
             655          (i) has sufficient alcohol in his body that a subsequent chemical test shows that the
             656      person has a blood or breath alcohol concentration of .08 grams or greater at the time of the
             657      test;
             658          (ii) is under the influence of alcohol, any drug, or the combined influence of alcohol
             659      and any drug to a degree that renders the person incapable of safely operating a vehicle; or
             660          (iii) has a blood or breath alcohol concentration of .08 grams or greater at the time of
             661      operation.
             662          (b) As used in this Subsection (3), "criminally negligent" means criminal negligence as
             663      defined by Subsection 76-2-103 (4).
             664          (4) The standards for chemical breath analysis as provided by Section 41-6a-515 and
             665      the provisions for the admissibility of chemical test results as provided by Section 41-6a-516
             666      apply to determination and proof of blood alcohol content under this section.
             667          (5) Calculations of blood or breath alcohol concentration under this section shall be
             668      made in accordance with Subsection 41-6a-502 (1).
             669          (6) The fact that a person charged with violating this section is or has been legally
             670      entitled to use alcohol or a drug is not a defense.
             671          (7) Evidence of a defendant's blood or breath alcohol content or drug content is
             672      admissible except when prohibited by Rules of Evidence or the constitution.
             673          Section 11. Section 76-10-528 is amended to read:
             674           76-10-528. Carrying a dangerous weapon while under influence of alcohol or
             675      drugs unlawful.
             676          (1) Any person who carries a dangerous weapon while under the influence of alcohol


             677      or a controlled substance as defined in Section 58-37-2 is guilty of a class B misdemeanor.
             678      Under the influence means the same level of influence or blood or breath alcohol concentration
             679      as provided in Subsections 41-6a-502 (1)(a)[(i)] through [(iii)](c).
             680          (2) It is not a defense to prosecution under this section that the person:
             681          (a) is licensed in the pursuit of wildlife of any kind; or
             682          (b) has a valid permit to carry a concealed firearm.
             683          Section 12. Appropriation.
             684          (1) As an ongoing appropriation subject to future budget constraints, there is
             685      appropriated from the General Fund for fiscal year 2008-09, $660,000 to the Department of
             686      Public Safety, Utah Highway Patrol to be used for additional Driving Under the Influence Law
             687      Enforcement Officers.
             688          (2) As an ongoing appropriation subject to future budget constraints, there is
             689      appropriated from the General Fund for fiscal year 2008-09, $660,000 to the Department of
             690      Public Safety, Liquor Law Enforcement Program to be used for additional Liquor Law
             691      Enforcement Officers.
             692          Section 13. Effective date.
             693          (1) Except as provided in Subsection (2), this bill takes effect on July 1, 2008.
             694          (2) If approved by two-thirds of all members elected to each house, the amendments to
             695      Sections 53-3-223 and 76-10-528 take effect upon approval by the governor, or the day
             696      following the constitutional time limit of Utah Constitution, Article VII, Section 8, without the
             697      governor's signature, or in the case of a veto, the date of veto override.


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