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Third Substitute S.B. 46

Senator Dan R. Eastman proposes the following substitute bill:


             1     
ANTI-FLOW CONTROL AMENDMENTS

             2     
2008 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Chief Sponsor: Dan R. Eastman

             5     
House Sponsor: Stephen H. Urquhart

             6     
             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill amends the Solid Waste Management Act.
             10      Highlighted Provisions:
             11          This bill:
             12          .    defines terms;
             13          .    prohibits a public entity from requiring solid waste to be stored, recovered, or
             14      disposed of at a specific waste facility except in certain circumstances;
             15          .    gives a private right of action; and
             16          .    makes technical changes.
             17      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             18          None
             19      Other Special Clauses:
             20          None
             21      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             22      AMENDS:
             23          19-6-502, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 329
             24          19-6-503, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2005, Chapter 105
             25      ENACTS:


             26          19-6-502.5, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             27          19-6-507, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             28     
             29      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             30          Section 1. Section 19-6-502 is amended to read:
             31           19-6-502. Definitions.
             32          As used in this part:
             33          (1) "Governing body" means the governing board, commission, or council of a public
             34      entity.
             35          (2) "Jurisdiction" means the area within the incorporated limits of:
             36          (a) a municipality[,];
             37          (b) a special service district[,];
             38          (c) a municipal-type service district[,];
             39          (d) a service area[,]; or [all of]
             40          (e) the territorial area of a county not lying within a [city or town] municipality.
             41          (3) "Long-term agreement" means an agreement or contract having a term of more than
             42      five years [and] but less than 50 years.
             43          (4) "Municipal residential waste" means solid waste that is:
             44          (a) discarded or rejected at a residence within the public entity's jurisdiction; and
             45          (b) is collected at or near the residence by:
             46          (i) a public entity; or
             47          (ii) a person with whom the public entity has as an agreement to provide solid waste
             48      management.
             49          (5) "Private solid waste management facility" means a facility that is:
             50          (a) owned or operated by a person who is not a public entity; and
             51          (b) a solid waste disposal, reduction, transfer, or conversion facility.
             52          [(4)] (6) "Public entity" means:
             53          (a) a county[,];
             54          (b) a municipality[,];
             55          (c) a special service district under Title 17A, Chapter 2, Part 13, Utah Special Service
             56      District Act[, or];


             57          (d) a service area under Title 17B, Chapter 2a, Part 9, Service Area Act [and]; or
             58          (e) a municipal-type service district created under Title 17, Chapter 34,
             59      Municipal-Type Services to Unincorporated Areas.
             60          (7) "Requirement" means an ordinance, policy, rule, mandate, or other directive that
             61      imposes a legal duty on a person.
             62          (8) "Residence" means an improvement to real property used or occupied as a primary
             63      or secondary detached single-family dwelling.
             64          [(5)] (9) "Resource recovery" means the separation, extraction, recycling, or recovery
             65      of usable [materials] material, energy, fuel, or heat from solid waste and the disposition of it.
             66          [(6)] (10) "Short-term agreement" means [any] a contract or agreement having a term
             67      of five years or less.
             68          [(7)] (11) (a) "Solid waste" means [all] a putrescible [and] or nonputrescible [materials
             69      or substances] material or substance discarded or rejected as being spent, useless, worthless, or
             70      in excess [to] of the owner's needs at the time of discard or rejection, including:
             71          (i) garbage[,];
             72          (ii) refuse[,];
             73          (iii) industrial and commercial waste[, sludges from];
             74          (iv) sludge from an air or water control [facilities,] facility;
             75          (v) rubbish[, ashes,];
             76          (vi) ash;
             77          (vii) contained gaseous material[,];
             78          (viii) incinerator residue[,];
             79          (ix) demolition[,] and construction debris[,];
             80          (x) a discarded [automobiles] automobile; and
             81          (xi) offal[, but not including sewage and other].
             82          (b) "Solid waste" does not include sewage or another highly diluted water carried
             83      [materials or substances] material or substance and those in gaseous form.
             84          [(8)] (12) "Solid waste management" means the purposeful and systematic collection,
             85      transportation, storage, processing, recovery, [and] or disposal of solid waste.
             86          [(9)] (13) "Solid waste management facility" means [any] a facility employed for solid
             87      waste management, including:


             88          (a) a transfer [stations,] station;
             89          (b) a transport [systems,] system;
             90          (c) a baling [facilities, landfills,] facility;
             91          (d) a landfill; and
             92          (e) a processing [systems] system, including:
             93          (i) a resource recovery [facilities or other facilities] facility;
             94          (ii) a facility for reducing solid waste volume[, plants and facilities];
             95          (iii) a plant or facility for compacting, composting, or pyrolization of solid [wastes,
             96      incinerators and other] waste;
             97          (iv) an incinerator;
             98          (v) a solid waste disposal, reduction, or conversion [facilities, and facilities] facility;
             99      and
             100          (vi) a facility for resource recovery of energy consisting of:
             101          [(a) facilities] (A) a facility for the production, transmission, distribution, and sale of
             102      heat and steam; [and]
             103          [(b) facilities] (B) a facility for the generation and sale of electric energy to a public
             104      utility [or], municipality, or other public entity [which] that owns and operates an electric
             105      power system on March 15, 1982[,]; and
             106          (C) a facility for the generation, sale, and transmission of electric energy on an
             107      emergency basis only to a military installation of the United States[; provided, that solid waste
             108      management facilities are not a public utility as defined in Section 54-2-1 ].
             109          Section 2. Section 19-6-502.5 is enacted to read:
             110          19-6-502.5. Solid waste management facility not a public utility.
             111          A solid waste management facility is not a public utility as defined in Section 54-2-1 .
             112          Section 3. Section 19-6-503 is amended to read:
             113           19-6-503. Powers and duties of public entities.
             114          (1) Subject to the powers and rules of the department[, the] and except as provided by
             115      Section 19-6-507 , a governing body of [each] a public entity may:
             116          [(1)] (a) supervise and regulate the collection, transportation, and disposition of [all]
             117      solid waste generated within its jurisdiction;
             118          [(2)] (b) provide a solid waste management [facilities] facility to adequately handle


             119      [adequately] solid waste generated or existing within or without its jurisdiction;
             120          [(3)] (c) assume, by agreement, responsibility for the collection and disposition of solid
             121      waste whether generated within or without its [jurisdictional boundaries] jurisdiction;
             122          [(4)] (d) enter into a short or long-term interlocal [agreements] agreement to provide
             123      for or operate a solid waste management facility with [other]:
             124          (i) another public [entities, with] entity;
             125          (ii) a public [agencies] agency, as defined in [Title 11, Chapter 13, Interlocal
             126      Cooperation Act, with] Section 11-13-103 ;
             127          (iii) a private [persons or entities,] person; or [any]
             128          (iv) a combination of [them, to provide for or operate solid waste management
             129      facilities] persons listed in Subsections (1)(d)(i) through (iii);
             130          [(5)] (e) levy and collect [taxes, fees, and charges and] a tax, fee, or charge or require
             131      [licenses] a license as may be appropriate to discharge its responsibility for the acquisition,
             132      construction, operation, maintenance, and improvement of a solid waste management [facilities
             133      or any portion of them] facility, including licensing a private [collectors] collector operating
             134      within its jurisdiction;
             135          [(6)] (f) require that [all] solid waste generated within its jurisdiction be delivered to a
             136      solid waste management facility;
             137          [(7)] (g) control the right to collect, transport, and dispose of [all] solid waste generated
             138      within its jurisdiction;
             139          [(8)] (h) agree that, according to Section 19-6-505 , the [sole and] exclusive right to
             140      collect, transport, and dispose of solid waste within its jurisdiction [shall] may be assumed by
             141      [any other]:
             142          (i) another public entity [or entities, any];
             143          (ii) a private [persons or entities,] person; or [any]
             144          (iii) a combination of [them, pursuant to Section 19-6-505] persons listed in
             145      Subsections (1)(h)(i) through (ii) ;
             146          [(9)] (i) accept and disburse funds derived from a federal or state [grants or from
             147      private sources or from] grant, a private source, or moneys that may be appropriated by the
             148      Legislature for the acquisition, construction, ownership, operation, maintenance, and
             149      improvement of a solid waste management [facilities] facility;


             150          [(10)] (j) contract for the lease or purchase of land, [facilities, and vehicles] a facility,
             151      or a vehicle for the operation of a solid waste management [facilities] facility;
             152          [(11)] (k) establish one or more policies for the operation of a solid waste management
             153      [facilities] facility, including:
             154          (i) hours of operation[,];
             155          (ii) character[,] and kind of wastes accepted at a disposal [sites,] site; and [other rules]
             156          (iii) another policy necessary for the safety of the operating personnel;
             157          [(12)] (l) sell or contract for the sale, [pursuant] according to a short or long-term
             158      [agreements] agreement, of [any] usable [materials] material, energy, fuel, or heat separated,
             159      extracted, recycled, or recovered from solid waste in a solid waste management facility, on
             160      terms in its best [interests, and to] interest;
             161          (m) pledge, assign, or otherwise convey as security for the payment of [its] bonds
             162      [any], revenues and receipts derived from the sale or contract or from the operation and
             163      ownership of a solid waste management facility or an interest in it;
             164          [(13)] (n) issue [bonds pursuant] a bond according to Title 11, Chapter 14, Local
             165      Government Bonding Act; [and]
             166          [(14)] (o) issue industrial development revenue bonds [pursuant] according to Title 11,
             167      Chapter 17, Utah Industrial Facilities and Development Act, to pay the costs of financing
             168      [projects] a project consisting of a solid waste management [facilities, as defined in Section
             169      19-6-502 ,] facility on behalf of [entities] an entity that [constitute] constitutes the users of a
             170      solid waste management facility project within the meaning of Section 11-17-2 [, and];
             171          (p) agree to construct and operate or to provide for the construction and operation of a
             172      solid waste management facility project, which project [shall manage] manages the solid waste
             173      of [one or more public or private entities, all pursuant] a public entity or private person,
             174      according to one or more contracts and other arrangements provided for in [the proceedings
             175      pursuant] a proceeding according to which [the bonds are] a bond is issued[. In addition to the
             176      authority to issue bonds contained in Title 11, Chapter 17, Utah Industrial Facilities and
             177      Development Act, bonds may be issued pursuant to the authority contained in this subsection];
             178      and
             179          (q) issue a bond to pay the cost of establishing reserves to pay principal and interest on
             180      the bonds as provided for in the proceedings [pursuant] according to which the bonds are


             181      issued.
             182          (2) The power to issue a bond under this section is in addition to the power to issue a
             183      bond under Title 11, Chapter 17, Utah Industrial Facilities and Development Act.
             184          Section 4. Section 19-6-507 is enacted to read:
             185          19-6-507. Flow control for solid waste prohibited.
             186          (1) Except as provided in Subsection (2), a public entity may not require solid waste
             187      discarded or rejected within the public entity's jurisdiction to be stored, recovered, or disposed
             188      of at a solid waste management facility owned or operated by a public entity.
             189          (2) A public entity may require solid waste discarded or rejected within the public
             190      entity's jurisdiction to be stored, recovered, or disposed of at a solid waste management facility
             191      owned or operated by a public entity if:
             192          (a) the solid waste is municipal residential waste;
             193          (b) fewer than two private solid waste management facilities that are owned by
             194      different entities exist within:
             195          (i) the public entity's jurisdiction; and
             196          (ii) 50 miles outside the public entity's jurisdiction; or
             197          (c) the solid waste management facility owned or operated by the public entity receives
             198      less than 75 tons of solid waste per day.
             199          (3) A requirement described in Subsection (1) that is:
             200          (a) in effect on January 1, 2008 is void as of January 1, 2013; and
             201          (b) adopted on or after January 2, 2008 and in effect on May 4, 2008 is void as of May
             202      5, 2008.
             203          (4) A person that is engaged in solid waste management and is aggrieved by a violation
             204      of this section may seek judicial review of the violation in a court of competent jurisdiction.


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