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S.B. 65

             1     

SOLICITING GANG MEMBERS PROHIBITED

             2     
2008 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Chief Sponsor: Jon J. Greiner

             5     
House Sponsor: Curtis Oda

             6     
             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill amends the Criminal Code regarding criminal actions of street gang's
             10      involvement with minors.
             11      Highlighted Provisions:
             12          This bill:
             13          .    defines a criminal street gang;
             14          .    creates the criminal offenses of intimidating a minor to:
             15              .    join a criminal street gang; or
             16              .    leave a criminal street gang;
             17          .    provides that it is an offense for a person affiliated with a criminal street gang to
             18      intimidate a minor to commit any criminal offense; and
             19          .    provides an increased penalty for repeatedly recruiting a minor into a gang.
             20      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             21          None
             22      Other Special Clauses:
             23          This bill provides an immediate effective date.
             24      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             25      ENACTS:
             26          76-9-801, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             27          76-9-802, Utah Code Annotated 1953


             28          76-9-803, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             29     
             30      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             31          Section 1. Section 76-9-801 is enacted to read:
             32     
Part 8. Criminal Street Gang Penalties

             33          76-9-801. Title.
             34          This part is known as "Criminal Street Gang Penalties."
             35          Section 2. Section 76-9-802 is enacted to read:
             36          76-9-802. Definitions.
             37          As used in this part:
             38          (1) "Criminal street gang" means an organization, association in fact, or group of three
             39      or more persons, whether operated formally or informally:
             40          (a) that is currently in operation;
             41          (b) that has as one of its primary activities the commission of one or more predicate
             42      gang crimes;
             43          (c) that has, as a group, an identifying name or identifying sign or symbol, or both; and
             44          (d) whose members, acting individually or in concert with other members, engage in or
             45      have engaged in a pattern of criminal gang activity.
             46          (2) "Intimidate" means the use of force, duress, violence, coercion, menace, or threat of
             47      harm for the purpose of causing an individual to act or refrain from acting.
             48          (3) "Minor" means a person younger than 18 years of age.
             49          (4) "Pattern of criminal gang activity" means:
             50          (a) committing, attempting to commit, conspiring to commit, or soliciting the
             51      commission of two or more predicate gang crimes within five years;
             52          (b) the predicate gang crimes are:
             53          (i) committed by two or more persons; or
             54          (ii) committed by an individual at the direction of, or in association with a criminal
             55      street gang; and
             56          (c) the criminal activity was committed with the specific intent to promote, further, or
             57      assist in any criminal conduct by members of the criminal street gang.
             58          (5) (a) "Predicate gang crime" means any of the following offenses:


             59          (i) any criminal violation of the following provisions:
             60          (A) Title 58, Chapter 37, Utah Controlled Substances Act;
             61          (B) Title 58, Chapter 37a, Utah Drug Paraphernalia Act;
             62          (C) Title 58, Chapter 37b, Imitation Controlled Substances Act; or
             63          (D) Title 58, Chapter 37c, Utah Controlled Substance Precursor Act;
             64          (ii) Sections 76-5-102 through 76-5-103.5 , which address assault offenses;
             65          (iii) Title 76, Chapter 5, Part 2, Criminal Homicide;
             66          (iv) Sections 76-5-301 through 76-5-304 , which addresses kidnapping and related
             67      offenses;
             68          (v) any felony offense under Title 76, Chapter 5, Part 4, Sexual Offenses;
             69          (vi) Title 76, Chapter 6, Part 1, Property Destruction;
             70          (vii) Title 76, Chapter 6, Part 2, Burglary and Criminal Trespass;
             71          (viii) Title 76, Chapter 6, Part 3, Robbery;
             72          (ix) any felony offense under Title 76, Chapter 6, Part 4, Theft, except Sections
             73      76-6-404.5 , 76-6-405 , 76-6-407 , 76-6-408 , 76-6-409 , 76-6-409.1 , 76-6-409.3 , 76-6-409.6 ,
             74      76-6-409.7 , 76-6-409.8 , 76-6-409.9 , 76-6-410 , and 76-6-410.5 ;
             75          (x) Title 76, Chapter 6, Part 5, Fraud, except Sections 76-6-504 , 76-6-505 , 76-6-507 ,
             76      76-6-508 , 76-6-509 , 76-6-510 , 76-6-511 , 76-6-512 , 76-6-513 , 76-6-514 , 76-6-516 , 76-6-517 ,
             77      76-6-518 , and 76-6-520 ;
             78          (xi) Title 76, Chapter 6, Part 11, Identity Fraud Act;
             79          (xii) Title 76, Chapter 8, Part 3, Obstructing Governmental Operations, except Sections
             80      76-8-302 , 76-8 303, 76-8-304 , 76-8-307 , 76-8-308 , and 76-8-312 ;
             81          (xiii) Section 76-8-508 , which includes tampering with a witness;
             82          (xiv) Section 76-8-508.3 which includes retaliation against a witness or victim;
             83          (xv) Section 76-8-509 , which includes extortion or bribery to dismiss a criminal
             84      proceeding;
             85          (xvi) Title 76, Chapter 10, Part 3, which addresses explosives;
             86          (xvii) Title 76, Chapter 10, Part 5, Weapons;
             87          (xviii) Title 76, Chapter 10, Part 15, Bus Passenger Safety Act;
             88          (xix) Title 76, Chapter 10, Part 16, Pattern of Unlawful Activity Act;
             89          (xx) Section 76-10-1801 , which addresses communications fraud;


             90          (xxi) Title 76, Chapter 10, Part 19, Money Laundering and Currency Transaction
             91      Reporting Act;
             92          (xxii) Section 76-10-2002 , which addresses burglary of a research facility;
             93          (xxiii) Title 41, Chapter 1a, Motor Vehicle Act:
             94          (A) Section 41-1a-1313 , regarding possession of a motor vehicle without an
             95      identification number;
             96          (B) Section 41-1a-1315 , regarding false evidence of title and registration;
             97          (C) Section 41-1a-1316 , regarding receiving or transferring stolen vehicles;
             98          (D) Section 41-1a-1317 , regarding selling or buying a motor vehicle without an
             99      identification number; and
             100          (E) Section 41-1a-1318 , regarding the fraudulent alteration of an identification number.
             101          (b) "Predicate gang crime" also includes:
             102          (i) any state or federal criminal offense that by its nature involves a substantial risk that
             103      physical force may be used against another in the course of committing the offense; and
             104          (ii) any felony violation of a criminal statute of any other state, the United States, or
             105      any district, possession, or territory of the United States which would constitute a violation of
             106      any offense in Subsection (4)(a) if committed in this state.
             107          Section 3. Section 76-9-803 is enacted to read:
             108          76-9-803. Penalties regarding criminal street gang activities.
             109          (1) It is a class B misdemeanor to:
             110          (a) solicit, recruit, entice, or intimidate a minor to join a criminal street gang, whether
             111      or not the minor actually joins the criminal street gang;
             112          (b) conspire to commit any act under Subsection (1)(a) with the intent to cause a minor
             113      to join a criminal street gang; or
             114          (c) use intimidation to prevent or attempt to prevent a minor from leaving a criminal
             115      street gang or ending the minor's affiliation with a criminal street gang.
             116          (2) It is a class A misdemeanor for any person who is a member of or actively involved
             117      with a criminal street gang to:
             118          (a) intimidate or otherwise cause a minor to commit or attempt to commit any criminal
             119      offense; or
             120          (b) commit a violation of Subsection (1)(a):


             121          (i) more than once;
             122          (ii) regarding the same minor; and
             123          (iii) within a period of 180 days.
             124          (3) Prosecution for any offense under this section does not prohibit prosecution for any
             125      other criminal offense.
             126          Section 4. Effective date.
             127          If approved by two-thirds of all the members elected to each house, this bill takes effect
             128      upon approval by the governor, or the day following the constitutional time limit of Utah
             129      Constitution Article VII, Section 8, without the governor's signature, or in the case of a veto,
             130      the date of veto override.




Legislative Review Note
    as of 1-14-08 12:02 PM


Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel


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