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Seventh Substitute S.B. 93
8 LONG TITLE
9 General Description:
10 This bill amends the Direct-entry Midwife Act.
11 Highlighted Provisions:
12 This bill:
13 . defines low risk birth;
14 . amends the definition of the practice of Direct-entry midwifery;
15 . requires administrative rulemaking for standards of practice related to mandatory
16 transfers of clients;
17 . creates an advisory committee for the administrative rules related to licensed
18 Direct-entry midwives; and
19 . repeals the advisory committee in two years.
20 Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
22 Other Special Clauses:
24 Utah Code Sections Affected:
26 58-77-102, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2005, Chapter 299
27 58-77-201, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2005, Chapter 299
28 58-77-601, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2005, Chapter 299
29 63-55b-158, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapters 46 and 291
31 58-77-204, Utah Code Annotated 1953
33 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
34 Section 1. Section 58-77-102 is amended to read:
35 58-77-102. Definitions.
36 In addition to the definitions in Section 58-1-102 , as used in this chapter:
37 (1) "Board" means the Licensed Direct-entry Midwife Board created in Section
38 58-77-201 .
39 (2) "Certified nurse-midwife" means a person licensed under Title 58, Chapter 44a,
40 Nurse Midwife Practice Act.
41 (3) "Client" means a woman under the care of a Direct-entry midwife and her fetus or
43 (4) [
44 practice of Direct-entry midwifery.
45 (5) "Licensed Direct-entry midwife" means a person licensed under this chapter.
46 (6) "Low risk" means a labor and delivery and postpartum, newborn and
47 interconceptual care that does not include a condition that requires a mandatory transfer under
48 administrative rules adopted by the division.
50 osteopathic physician, or naturopathic physician.
52 necessary supervision, care, and advice to a client during essentially normal pregnancy, labor,
53 delivery, postpartum, and newborn periods that is consistent with national professional
54 midwifery standards and that is based upon the acquisition of clinical skills necessary for the
55 care of pregnant women and newborns, including antepartum, intrapartum, postpartum,
56 newborn, and limited interconceptual care and includes:
57 (a) obtaining an informed consent to provide services;
58 (b) obtaining a health history, including a physical examination;
59 (c) developing a plan of care for a client;
60 (d) evaluating the results of client care;
61 (e) consulting and collaborating with and referring and transferring care to licensed
62 health care professionals, as is appropriate, regarding the care of a client;
63 (f) obtaining medications, as specified in this Subsection [
64 clients, including:
65 (i) prescription vitamins;
66 (ii) Rho D immunoglobulin;
67 (iii) sterile water;
68 (iv) one dose of intramuscular oxytocin after the delivery of the placenta to minimize
69 blood loss;
75 (v) an additional single dose of oxytocin if a hemorrhage occurs, in which case the
76 licensed Direct-entry midwife must initiate transfer if the client's condition does not
77 immediately improve;
78 (vi) oxygen;
79 (vii) local anesthetics without epinephrine used in accordance with Subsection [
81 (viii) vitamin K to prevent hemorrhagic disease of the newborn;
82 (ix) eye prophylaxis to prevent opthalmia neonatorum as required by law; and
83 (x) any other medication approved by a licensed health care provider with authority to
84 prescribe that medication;
85 (g) obtaining food, food extracts, dietary supplements, as defined by the Federal Food,
86 Drug, and Cosmetic Act, homeopathic remedies, plant substances that are not designated as
87 prescription drugs or controlled substances, and over-the-counter medications to administer to
89 (h) obtaining and using appropriate equipment and devices such as Doppler, blood
90 pressure cuff, phlebotomy supplies, instruments, and sutures;
91 (i) obtaining appropriate screening and testing, including laboratory tests, urinalysis,
92 and ultrasound;
93 (j) managing the antepartum period;
94 (k) managing the intrapartum period including:
95 (i) monitoring and evaluating the condition of mother and fetus;
96 (ii) performing emergency episiotomy; and
97 (iii) delivering in any out-of-hospital setting;
98 (l) managing the postpartum period including suturing of episiotomy or first and
99 second degree natural perineal and labial lacerations, including the administration of a local
101 (m) managing the newborn period including:
102 (i) providing care for the newborn, including performing a normal newborn
103 examination; and
104 (ii) resuscitating a newborn;
105 (n) providing limited interconceptual services in order to provide continuity of care
107 (i) breastfeeding support and counseling;
108 (ii) family planning, limited to natural family planning, cervical caps, and diaphragms;
110 (iii) pap smears, where all clients with abnormal results are to be referred to an
111 appropriate licensed health care provider; and
112 (o) executing the orders of a licensed health care professional, only within the
113 education, knowledge, and skill of the Direct-entry midwife.
116 and as may be further defined by rule.
117 Section 2. Section 58-77-201 is amended to read:
118 58-77-201. Board.
119 (1) There is created the Licensed Direct-entry Midwife Board consisting of:
120 (a) four licensed Direct-entry midwives; and
121 (b) one member of the general public.
122 (2) The board shall be appointed and serve in accordance with Section 58-1-201 .
123 (3) (a) The duties and responsibilities of the board shall be in accordance with Sections
124 58-1-202 and 58-1-203 .
125 (b) The board shall designate one of its members on a permanent or rotating basis to:
126 (i) assist the division in reviewing complaints concerning the unlawful or
127 unprofessional conduct of a licensed Direct-entry midwife; and
128 (ii) advise the division in its investigation of these complaints.
129 (c) (i) For the years 2006 through 2011, the board shall present an annual report to the
130 Legislature's Health and Human Services Interim Committee describing the outcome data of
131 licensed Direct-entry midwives practicing in Utah.
132 (ii) The board shall base its report on data provided in large part from the Midwives'
133 Alliance of North America.
134 (4) A board member who has, under Subsection (3), reviewed a complaint or advised
135 in its investigation may be disqualified from participating with the board when the board serves
136 as a presiding officer in an adjudicative proceeding concerning the complaint.
137 (5) Qualified faculty, board members, and other staff of Direct-entry midwifery
138 learning institutions may serve as one or more of the licensed Directed-entry midwives on the
140 Section 3. Section 58-77-204 is enacted to read:
141 58-77-204. Administrative rules advisory committee.
142 (1) The division shall:
143 (a) convene an advisory committee to assist the division with developing
144 administrative rules under Section 58-77-601 ; and
145 (b) provide notice of any meetings convened under Subsection (1)(a) to the members of
146 the advisory committee at least one week prior to the meeting, if possible.
147 (2) The advisory committee shall include:
148 (a) two physicians:
149 (i) licensed under Chapter 67, Utah Medical Practices Act;
150 (ii) recommended by the Utah Medical Association; and
151 (iii) who have experience working with Direct-entry midwives; and
152 (b) one licensed certified nurse midwife recommended by the Utah Chapter of the
153 American College of Nurse Midwives; and
154 (c) three licensed direct entry midwives, selected by the board.
155 (3) The division shall adopt administrative rules regarding conditions that require
156 mandatory transfer which shall include:
157 (a) failure to deliver the infant after three hours of pushing unless birth is imminent;
158 (b) gestation beyond 42 weeks without consultation with a licensed health care
159 provider or with non-reassuring surveillance;
160 (c) gestation beyond 43 weeks;
161 (d) moderate, thick, or particulate meconium in the amniotic fluid unless birth is
163 (e) non-reassuring fetal heart rate pattern indicative of fetal distress that does not
164 immediately respond to the licensed Direct-entry midwife's treatment, unless birth is imminent;
165 (f) a fetus in the breech presentation during labor unless birth is imminent;
166 (g) multiple gestation unless birth is imminent;
167 (h) more than two prior c-sections;
168 (i) prior c-section with a known classical or inverted-T or J incision;
169 (j) prior c-section without an ultrasound that rules out placental implantation over the
170 uterine scar;
171 (k) prior c-section without a signed informed consent document detailing the risks of
172 vaginal birth after caesarean;
173 (l) prior c-section with cervical dilation progress in the current labor of less than 1 cm
174 in three hours once labor is active;
175 (m) prior c-section with a gestation greater than 42 weeks; and
176 (n) Rh isoimmunization with an antibody titre of greater than 1:8 in a mother carrying
177 an Rh positive baby or a baby of unknown Rh type.
178 (4) Members appointed to the advisory committee created in this section may also
179 serve on the Licensed Direct-entry Midwife Board established under this chapter.
180 (5) The director shall make appointments to the committee by July 1, 2008.
181 (6) The director of the division shall appoint one of the three licensed Direct-entry
182 midwives to serve as chair of the committee.
183 (7) A committee member shall serve without compensation and may not receive travel
184 costs or per diem for the member's service on the committee.
185 (8) (a) The committee shall recommend rules under Subsection (1) based on
186 convincing evidence presented to the committee, and shall strive to maintain medical
188 (b) A majority of members present at a meeting constitute a quorum.
189 (9) This section is repealed on July 1, 2011.
190 Section 4. Section 58-77-601 is amended to read:
191 58-77-601. Standards of practice.
192 (1) (a) Prior to providing any services, a licensed Direct-entry midwife must obtain an
193 informed consent from a client.
194 (b) The consent must include:
195 (i) the name and license number of the Direct-entry midwife;
196 (ii) the client's name, address, telephone number, and primary care provider, if the
197 client has one;
198 (iii) the fact, if true, that the licensed Direct-entry midwife is not a certified nurse
199 midwife or a physician;
203 continuing education, and experience in midwifery;
207 the rules governing licensed Direct-entry midwifery practice, including a list of conditions
208 indicating the need for consultation, collaboration, referral, transfer or mandatory transfer, and
209 the licensed Direct-entry midwife's personal written practice guidelines;
212 Direct-entry midwife;
218 liability insurance policy.
219 (2) A licensed Direct-entry midwife shall:
220 (a) limit the licensed Direct-entry midwife's practice to a normal pregnancy, labor,
221 postpartum, newborn and interconceptual care, which for purposes of this section means a
222 normal labor:
223 (i) that is not pharmacologically induced;
224 (ii) that is low risk at the start of labor;
225 (iii) that remains low risk through out the course of labor and delivery; and
226 (iv) in which the infant is born spontaneously in the vertex position between 37 and 43
227 completed weeks of pregnancy; and
228 (b) appropriately recommend and facilitate consultation with, collaboration with,
229 referral to, or transfer or mandatory transfer of care to a licensed health care professional when
230 the circumstances require that action in accordance with this section and standards established
231 by division rule.
232 (3) If after a client has been informed that she has or may have a condition indicating
233 the need for medical consultation, collaboration, referral, or transfer and the client chooses to
234 decline, then the licensed Direct-entry midwife shall:
235 (a) terminate care in accordance with procedures established by division rule; or
236 (b) continue to provide care for the client if the client signs a waiver of medical
237 consultation, collaboration, referral, or transfer.
238 (4) If after a client has been informed that she has or may have a condition indicating
239 the need for mandatory transfer, the licensed Direct-entry midwife shall, in accordance with
240 procedures established by division rule, terminate the care or initiate transfer by:
241 (a) calling 911 and reporting the need for immediate transfer;
242 (b) immediately transporting the client by private vehicle to the receiving provider; or
243 (c) contacting the physician to whom the client will be transferred and following that
244 physician's orders.
245 (5) The standards for consultation and transfer under Subsection (3) are the minimum
246 standards that a licensed Direct-entry midwife must follow. A licensed Direct-entry midwife
247 shall initiate consultation, collaboration, referral, or transfer of a patient sooner than required
248 by Subsection (3) or administrative rule if in the opinion and experience of the licensed
249 Direct-entry midwife, the condition of the client or infant warrant a consultation, collaboration,
250 referral, or transfer.
252 submit outcome data to the Midwives' Alliance of North America's Division of Research on the
253 form and in the manner prescribed by rule.
256 Section 5. Section 63-55b-158 is amended to read:
257 63-55b-158. Repeal dates -- Title 58.
258 (1) Section 58-31b-301.6 , Medication Aide Certified Pilot Program, is repealed May
259 15, 2010.
260 (2) Section 58-77-204 is repealed July 1, 2011.
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