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7 LONG TITLE
8 General Description:
9 This bill makes a clarifying amendment to the Utah Antitrust Act.
10 Highlighted Provisions:
11 This bill:
12 . clarifies that the assumption that a violator of the act passed costs down the chain of
13 purchasers is subject to the presumption dividing damages.
14 Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
16 Other Special Clauses:
18 Utah Code Sections Affected:
20 76-10-919, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapter 19
22 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
23 Section 1. Section 76-10-919 is amended to read:
24 76-10-919. Person may bring action for injunctive relief and damages -- Treble
25 damages -- Recovery of actual damages or civil penalty by state or political subdivisions
26 -- Immunity of political subdivisions from damages, costs, or attorney fees.
27 (1) (a) A person who is a citizen of this state or a resident of this state and who is
28 injured or is threatened with injury in his business or property by a violation of the Utah
29 Antitrust Act may bring an action for injunctive relief and damages, regardless of whether the
30 person dealt directly or indirectly with the defendant. This remedy is in addition to any other
31 remedies provided by law. It may not diminish or offset any other remedy.
32 (b) Subject to the provisions of Subsections (3), (4), and (5), the court shall award three
33 times the amount of damages sustained, plus the cost of suit and a reasonable [
34 attorney fees, in addition to granting any appropriate temporary, preliminary, or permanent
35 injunctive relief.
36 (2) (a) If the court determines that a judgment in the amount of three times the damages
37 awarded plus [
38 defendant, the court shall reduce the amount of judgment to the highest sum that would not
39 cause the defendant's insolvency.
40 (b) The court may not reduce a judgment to an amount less than the amount of
41 damages sustained plus the costs of suit and a reasonable [
42 (3) The state or any of its political subdivisions may recover the actual damages it
43 sustains, or the civil penalty provided by the Utah Antitrust Act, in addition to injunctive relief,
44 costs of suit, and [
45 (4) No damages, costs, or [
47 (a) from any political subdivision;
48 (b) from the official or employee of any political subdivision acting in an official
49 capacity; or
50 (c) against any person based on any official action directed by a political subdivision or
51 its official or employee acting in an official capacity.
52 (5) (a) Subsection (4) does not apply to cases filed before April 27, 1987, unless the
53 defendant establishes and the court determines that in light of all the circumstances, including
54 the posture of litigation and the availability of alternative relief, it would be inequitable not to
55 apply Subsection (4) to a pending case.
56 (b) In determining the application of Subsection (4), existence of a jury verdict, court
57 judgment, or any subsequent litigation is prima facie evidence that Subsection (4) is not
59 (6) When a defendant has been sued in one or more actions by both direct and indirect
60 purchasers, whether in state court or federal court, a defendant shall be entitled to prove as a
61 partial or complete defense to a claim for damages that the damages incurred by the plaintiff or
62 plaintiffs have been passed on to others who are entitled to recover so as to avoid duplication
63 of recovery of damages. In an action by indirect [
64 settlement amounts paid to direct [
65 violations shall constitute a defense in the amount paid on a claim by indirect [
66 purchasers under this [
67 (7) It shall be presumed, in the absence of proof to the contrary, that the injured
68 persons who dealt directly with the defendant incurred at least 1/3 of the damages, and shall,
69 therefore, recover at least 1/3 of the awarded damages. It shall also be presumed, in the
70 absence of proof to the contrary, that the injured persons who dealt indirectly with the
71 defendant incurred at least 1/3 of the damages, and shall, therefore, recover at least 1/3 of the
72 awarded damages. The final 1/3 of the damages shall be awarded by the court to those injured
73 persons determined by the court as most likely to have absorbed the damages.
74 (8) There is a presumption, in the absence of proof to the contrary and subject to
75 Subsection (7), that each level in a product's or service's distribution chain passed on any and
76 all increments in its cost due to an increase in the cost of an ingredient or a component product
77 or service that was caused by a violation of this [
78 in the absence of evidence to the contrary, to be equal to the change in the cost, in dollars and
79 cents, of the ingredient, component product, or service to its first purchaser.
80 (9) The attorney general shall be notified by the plaintiff about the filing of any class
81 action involving antitrust violations that includes plaintiffs from this state. The attorney
82 general shall receive a copy of each filing from each plaintiff. The attorney general may, in his
83 or her discretion, intervene or file amicus briefs in the case, and may be heard on the question
84 of the fairness or appropriateness of any proposed settlement agreement.
85 (10) If, in a class action or parens patriae action filed under this [
86 the settlement of any action, it is not feasible to return any part of the recovery to the injured
87 plaintiffs, the court shall order the residual funds be applied to benefit the specific class of
88 injured plaintiffs, to improve antitrust enforcement generally by depositing the residual funds
89 into the Attorney General Litigation Fund created by Section 76-10-922 , or both.
90 (11) In any action brought under this [
92 including contingency fee agreements.
Legislative Review Note
as of 1-17-08 1:25 PM