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S.B. 150

             1     

CRIMINAL PENALTIES REVISIONS

             2     
2008 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Chief Sponsor: Scott K. Jenkins

             5     
House Sponsor: Curtis Oda

             6     
             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill amends provisions of the Utah Criminal Code relating to criminal penalties.
             10      Highlighted Provisions:
             11          This bill:
             12          .    provides that attempt to commit a felony punishable by imprisonment for life
             13      without parole is a first degree felony;
             14          .    provides that a person who is convicted of aggravated murder, based on an
             15      aggravating circumstance that also constitutes a separate offense, may also be
             16      convicted of, and punished for, the separate offense; and
             17          .    makes technical changes.
             18      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             19          None
             20      Other Special Clauses:
             21          None
             22      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             23      AMENDS:
             24          76-4-102, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2002, Chapter 57
             25          76-5-202, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapters 275, 340, and 345
             26     
             27      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:


             28          Section 1. Section 76-4-102 is amended to read:
             29           76-4-102. Attempt -- Classification of offenses.
             30          Criminal attempt to commit:
             31          (1) a capital felony, or a felony punishable by imprisonment for life without parole, is a
             32      first degree felony;
             33          (2) a first degree felony is a second degree felony, except that an attempt to commit any
             34      of the following offenses is a first degree felony punishable by imprisonment for an
             35      indeterminate term of not fewer than three years and which may be for life:
             36          (a) murder, a violation of Subsection 76-5-203 (2)(a), if the victim or another suffers
             37      serious bodily injury in the course of the actor's commission of the offense;
             38          (b) child kidnapping, a violation of Section 76-5-301.1 ; or
             39          (c) any of the felonies described in Title 76, Chapter 5, Part 4, Sexual Offenses, that are
             40      first degree felonies;
             41          (3) a second degree felony is a third degree felony;
             42          (4) a third degree felony is a class A misdemeanor;
             43          (5) a class A misdemeanor is a class B misdemeanor;
             44          (6) a class B misdemeanor is a class C misdemeanor; and
             45          (7) a class C misdemeanor is punishable by a penalty not exceeding one half the penalty
             46      for a class C misdemeanor.
             47          Section 2. Section 76-5-202 is amended to read:
             48           76-5-202. Aggravated murder.
             49          (1) Criminal homicide constitutes aggravated murder if the actor intentionally or
             50      knowingly causes the death of another under any of the following circumstances:
             51          (a) the homicide was committed by a person who is confined in a jail or other
             52      correctional institution;
             53          (b) the homicide was committed incident to one act, scheme, course of conduct, or
             54      criminal episode during which two or more persons were killed, or during which the actor
             55      attempted to kill one or more persons in addition to the victim who was killed;
             56          (c) the actor knowingly created a great risk of death to a person other than the victim
             57      and the actor;
             58          (d) the homicide was committed incident to an act, scheme, course of conduct, or


             59      criminal episode during which the actor committed or attempted to commit aggravated robbery,
             60      robbery, rape, rape of a child, object rape, object rape of a child, forcible sodomy, sodomy upon
             61      a child, forcible sexual abuse, sexual abuse of a child, aggravated sexual abuse of a child, child
             62      abuse as defined in Subsection 76-5-109 (2)(a), or aggravated sexual assault, aggravated arson,
             63      arson, aggravated burglary, burglary, aggravated kidnapping, or kidnapping, or child
             64      kidnapping;
             65          (e) the homicide was committed incident to one act, scheme, course of conduct, or
             66      criminal episode during which the actor committed the crime of abuse or desecration of a dead
             67      human body as defined in Subsection 76-9-704 (2)(e);
             68          (f) the homicide was committed for the purpose of avoiding or preventing an arrest of
             69      the defendant or another by a peace officer acting under color of legal authority or for the
             70      purpose of effecting the defendant's or another's escape from lawful custody;
             71          (g) the homicide was committed for pecuniary gain;
             72          (h) the defendant committed, or engaged or employed another person to commit the
             73      homicide pursuant to an agreement or contract for remuneration or the promise of remuneration
             74      for commission of the homicide;
             75          (i) the actor previously committed or was convicted of:
             76          (i) aggravated murder, Section 76-5-202 ;
             77          (ii) attempted aggravated murder, Section 76-5-202 ;
             78          (iii) murder, Section 76-5-203 ;
             79          (iv) attempted murder, Section 76-5-203 ; or
             80          (v) an offense committed in another jurisdiction which if committed in this state would
             81      be a violation of a crime listed in this Subsection (1)(i);
             82          (j) the actor was previously convicted of:
             83          (i) aggravated assault, Subsection 76-5-103 (2);
             84          (ii) mayhem, Section 76-5-105 ;
             85          (iii) kidnapping, Section 76-5-301 ;
             86          (iv) child kidnapping, Section 76-5-301.1 ;
             87          (v) aggravated kidnapping, Section 76-5-302 ;
             88          (vi) rape, Section 76-5-402 ;
             89          (vii) rape of a child, Section 76-5-402.1 ;


             90          (viii) object rape, Section 76-5-402.2 ;
             91          (ix) object rape of a child, Section 76-5-402.3 ;
             92          (x) forcible sodomy, Section 76-5-403 ;
             93          (xi) sodomy on a child, Section 76-5-403.1 ;
             94          (xii) aggravated sexual abuse of a child, Section 76-5-404.1 ;
             95          (xiii) aggravated sexual assault, Section 76-5-405 ;
             96          (xiv) aggravated arson, Section 76-6-103 ;
             97          (xv) aggravated burglary, Section 76-6-203 ;
             98          (xvi) aggravated robbery, Section 76-6-302 ; or
             99          (xvii) an offense committed in another jurisdiction which if committed in this state
             100      would be a violation of a crime listed in this Subsection (1)(j);
             101          (k) the homicide was committed for the purpose of:
             102          (i) preventing a witness from testifying;
             103          (ii) preventing a person from providing evidence or participating in any legal
             104      proceedings or official investigation;
             105          (iii) retaliating against a person for testifying, providing evidence, or participating in
             106      any legal proceedings or official investigation; or
             107          (iv) disrupting or hindering any lawful governmental function or enforcement of laws;
             108          (l) the victim is or has been a local, state, or federal public official, or a candidate for
             109      public office, and the homicide is based on, is caused by, or is related to that official position,
             110      act, capacity, or candidacy;
             111          (m) the victim is or has been a peace officer, law enforcement officer, executive
             112      officer, prosecuting officer, jailer, prison official, firefighter, judge or other court official, juror,
             113      probation officer, or parole officer, and the victim is either on duty or the homicide is based on,
             114      is caused by, or is related to that official position, and the actor knew, or reasonably should
             115      have known, that the victim holds or has held that official position;
             116          (n) the homicide was committed:
             117          (i) by means of a destructive device, bomb, explosive, incendiary device, or similar
             118      device which was planted, hidden, or concealed in any place, area, dwelling, building, or
             119      structure, or was mailed or delivered; or
             120          (ii) by means of any weapon of mass destruction as defined in Section 76-10-401 ;


             121          (o) the homicide was committed during the act of unlawfully assuming control of any
             122      aircraft, train, or other public conveyance by use of threats or force with intent to obtain any
             123      valuable consideration for the release of the public conveyance or any passenger, crew
             124      member, or any other person aboard, or to direct the route or movement of the public
             125      conveyance or otherwise exert control over the public conveyance;
             126          (p) the homicide was committed by means of the administration of a poison or of any
             127      lethal substance or of any substance administered in a lethal amount, dosage, or quantity;
             128          (q) the victim was a person held or otherwise detained as a shield, hostage, or for
             129      ransom;
             130          (r) the homicide was committed in an especially heinous, atrocious, cruel, or
             131      exceptionally depraved manner, any of which must be demonstrated by physical torture, serious
             132      physical abuse, or serious bodily injury of the victim before death;
             133          (s) the actor dismembers, mutilates, or disfigures the victim's body, whether before or
             134      after death, in a manner demonstrating the actor's depravity of mind; or
             135          (t) the victim was younger than 14 years of age.
             136          (2) Criminal homicide constitutes aggravated murder if the actor, with reckless
             137      indifference to human life, causes the death of another incident to an act, scheme, course of
             138      conduct, or criminal episode during which the actor is a major participant in the commission or
             139      attempted commission of:
             140          (a) child abuse, Subsection 76-5-109 (2)(a);
             141          (b) child kidnapping, Section 76-5-301.1 ;
             142          (c) rape of a child, Section 76-5-402.1 ;
             143          (d) object rape of a child, Section 76-5-402.3 ;
             144          (e) sodomy on a child, Section 76-5-403.1 ; or
             145          (f) sexual abuse or aggravated sexual abuse of a child, Section 76-5-404.1 .
             146          (3) (a) If a notice of intent to seek the death penalty has been filed, aggravated murder
             147      is a capital felony.
             148          (b) If a notice of intent to seek the death penalty has not been filed, aggravated murder
             149      is a noncapital first degree felony punishable by imprisonment for life without parole or by an
             150      indeterminate term of not less than 20 years and which may be for life.
             151          (c) (i) Within 60 days after arraignment of the defendant, the prosecutor may file notice


             152      of intent to seek the death penalty. The notice shall be served on the defendant or defense
             153      counsel and filed with the court.
             154          (ii) Notice of intent to seek the death penalty may be served and filed more than 60
             155      days after the arraignment upon written stipulation of the parties or upon a finding by the court
             156      of good cause.
             157          (d) Without the consent of the prosecutor, the court may not accept a plea of guilty to
             158      noncapital first degree felony aggravated murder during the period in which the prosecutor may
             159      file a notice of intent to seek the death penalty under Subsection (3)(c)(i).
             160          (4) (a) It is an affirmative defense to a charge of aggravated murder or attempted
             161      aggravated murder that the defendant caused the death of another or attempted to cause the
             162      death of another:
             163          (i) under the influence of extreme emotional distress for which there is a reasonable
             164      explanation or excuse; or
             165          (ii) under a reasonable belief that the circumstances provided a legal justification or
             166      excuse for [his] the defendant's conduct although the conduct was not legally justifiable or
             167      excusable under the existing circumstances.
             168          (b) Under Subsection (4)(a)(i), emotional distress does not include:
             169          (i) a condition resulting from mental illness as defined in Section 76-2-305 ; or
             170          (ii) distress that is substantially caused by the defendant's own conduct.
             171          (c) The reasonableness of an explanation or excuse under Subsection (4)(a)(i) or the
             172      reasonable belief of the actor under Subsection (4)(a)(ii) shall be determined from the
             173      viewpoint of a reasonable person under the then existing circumstances.
             174          (d) This affirmative defense reduces charges only as follows:
             175          (i) aggravated murder to murder; and
             176          (ii) attempted aggravated murder to attempted murder.
             177          (5) (a) Any aggravating circumstance described in Subsection (1) or (2) that constitutes
             178      a separate offense does not merge with the crime of aggravated murder.
             179          (b) A person who is convicted of aggravated murder, based on an aggravating
             180      circumstance described in Subsection (1) or (2) that constitutes a separate offense, may also be
             181      convicted of, and punished for, the separate offense.





Legislative Review Note
    as of 1-16-08 5:02 PM


Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel


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