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First Substitute S.B. 181

Senator Scott K. Jenkins proposes the following substitute bill:





Chief Sponsor: Scott K. Jenkins

House Sponsor: Michael E. Noel

             8      LONG TITLE
             9      General Description:
             10          This bill modifies the Insurance Code and the Motor Vehicles Code by amending
             11      provisions governing the use of off-highway vehicles on public highways.
             12      Highlighted Provisions:
             13          This bill:
             14          .    provides definitions;
             15          .    exempts insurance policies purchased to satisfy the owner's or operator's security
             16      requirement for an off-highway vehicle from the requirement to include personal
             17      injury protection on the policy;
             18          .    authorizes a person to operate a street-legal all-terrain vehicle on certain highways;
             19          .    defines the registration, equipment, taxation, licensing, and other requirements for
             20      an all-terrain vehicle to operate as a street-legal all-terrain vehicle;
             21          .    authorizes a municipality or county to designate a highway under its respective
             22      jurisdiction as open to street-legal all-terrain off-highway vehicle use, general
             23      off-highway vehicle use, or limited off-highway vehicle use; and
             24          .    makes technical changes.
             25      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:

             26          None
             27      Other Special Clauses:
             28          This bill takes effect on October 1, 2008.
             29      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             30      AMENDS:
             31          31A-22-302, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapter 69
             32          41-1a-202, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 86
             33          41-1a-205, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2005, Chapter 2
             34          41-6a-102, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 86
             35          41-6a-1601, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2005, Chapter 2
             36          41-8-1, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapter 201
             37          41-12a-301, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 86
             38          41-22-2, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 136
             39          41-22-9, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2004, Chapter 314
             40          41-22-10.3, as enacted by Laws of Utah 1986, Second Special Session, Chapter 1
             41          41-22-10.5, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2004, Chapter 159
             42      ENACTS:
             43          41-6a-1509, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             45      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             46          Section 1. Section 31A-22-302 is amended to read:
             47           31A-22-302. Required components of motor vehicle insurance policies --
             48      Exceptions.
             49          (1) Every policy of insurance or combination of policies purchased to satisfy the
             50      owner's or operator's security requirement of Section 41-12a-301 shall include:
             51          (a) motor vehicle liability coverage under Sections 31A-22-303 and 31A-22-304 ;
             52          (b) uninsured motorist coverage under Section 31A-22-305 , unless affirmatively
             53      waived under Subsection 31A-22-305 (4);
             54          (c) underinsured motorist coverage under Section 31A-22-305.3 , unless affirmatively
             55      waived under Subsection 31A-22-305.3 (2); and
             56          (d) except as provided in Subsection (2) and subject to Subsection (3), personal injury

             57      protection under Sections 31A-22-306 through 31A-22-309 .
             58          (2) A policy of insurance or combination of policies, purchased to satisfy the owner's
             59      or operator's security requirement of Section 41-12a-301 for a motorcycle, off-highway vehicle,
             60      trailer, or semitrailer is not required to have personal injury protection under Sections
             61      31A-22-306 through 31A-22-309 .
             62          (3) (a) First party medical coverages may be offered or included in policies issued to
             63      motorcycle, trailer, and semitrailer owners or operators.
             64          (b) Owners and operators of motorcycles, trailers, and semitrailers are not covered by
             65      personal injury protection coverages in connection with injuries incurred while operating any
             66      of these vehicles.
             67          (4) First party medical coverage expenses shall be governed by the relative value study
             68      provisions under Subsections 31A-22-307 (2) and (3).
             69          Section 2. Section 41-1a-202 is amended to read:
             70           41-1a-202. Definitions -- Vehicles exempt from registration -- Registration of
             71      vehicles after establishing residency.
             72          (1) In this section:
             73          (a) "Domicile" means the place:
             74          (i) where an individual has a fixed permanent home and principal establishment;
             75          (ii) to which the individual if absent, intends to return; and
             76          (iii) in which the individual and his family voluntarily reside, not for a special or
             77      temporary purpose, but with the intention of making a permanent home.
             78          (b) (i) "Resident" means any of the following:
             79          (A) an individual who:
             80          (I) has established a domicile in this state;
             81          (II) regardless of domicile, remains in this state for an aggregate period of six months
             82      or more during any calendar year;
             83          (III) engages in a trade, profession, or occupation in this state or who accepts
             84      employment in other than seasonal work in this state and who does not commute into the state;
             85          (IV) declares himself to be a resident of this state for the purpose of obtaining a driver
             86      license or motor vehicle registration; or
             87          (V) declares himself a resident of Utah to obtain privileges not ordinarily extended to

             88      nonresidents, including going to school, or placing children in school without paying
             89      nonresident tuition or fees;
             90          (B) any individual, partnership, limited liability company, firm, corporation,
             91      association, or other entity that:
             92          (I) maintains a main office, branch office, or warehouse facility in this state and that
             93      bases and operates a motor vehicle in this state; or
             94          (II) operates a motor vehicle in intrastate transportation for other than seasonal work.
             95          (ii) "Resident" does not include any of the following:
             96          (A) a member of the military temporarily stationed in Utah;
             97          (B) an out-of-state student, as classified by the institution of higher education, enrolled
             98      with the equivalent of seven or more quarter hours, regardless of whether the student engages
             99      in a trade, profession, or occupation in this state or accepts employment in this state; and
             100          (C) an individual domiciled in another state or a foreign country that:
             101          (I) is engaged in public, charitable, educational, or religious services for a government
             102      agency or an organization that qualifies for tax-exempt status under Internal Revenue Code
             103      Section 501(c)(3);
             104          (II) is not compensated for services rendered other than expense reimbursements; and
             105          (III) is temporarily in Utah for a period not to exceed 24 months.
             106          (2) Registration under this chapter is not required for any:
             107          (a) vehicle registered in another state and owned by a nonresident of the state or
             108      operating under a temporary registration permit issued by the division or a dealer authorized by
             109      this chapter, driven or moved upon a highway in conformance with the provisions of this
             110      chapter relating to manufacturers, transporters, dealers, lien holders, or interstate vehicles;
             111          (b) vehicle driven or moved upon a highway only for the purpose of crossing the
             112      highway from one property to another;
             113          (c) implement of husbandry, whether of a type otherwise subject to registration or not,
             114      that is only incidentally operated or moved upon a highway;
             115          (d) special mobile equipment;
             116          (e) vehicle owned or leased by the federal government;
             117          (f) motor vehicle not designed, used, or maintained for the transportation of passengers
             118      for hire or for the transportation of property if the motor vehicle is registered in another state

             119      and is owned and operated by a nonresident of this state;
             120          (g) vehicle or combination of vehicles designed, used, or maintained for the
             121      transportation of persons for hire or for the transportation of property if the vehicle or
             122      combination of vehicles is registered in another state and is owned and operated by a
             123      nonresident of this state and if the vehicle or combination of vehicles has a gross laden weight
             124      of 26,000 pounds or less;
             125          (h) trailer of 750 pounds or less unladen weight and not designed, used, and maintained
             126      for hire for the transportation of property or person;
             127          (i) manufactured home or mobile home;
             128          (j) off-highway vehicle currently registered under Section 41-22-3 if the off-highway
             129      vehicle is:
             130          (i) being towed;
             131          (ii) operated on a street or highway designated as open to off-highway vehicle use; or
             132          (iii) operated in the manner prescribed in [Section] Subsections 41-22-10.3 (1) through
             133      (3);
             134          (k) off-highway implement of husbandry operated in the manner prescribed in
             135      Subsections 41-22-5.5 (3) through (5);
             136          (l) modular and prebuilt homes conforming to the uniform building code and presently
             137      regulated by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development that are not
             138      constructed on a permanent chassis;
             139          (m) electric assisted bicycle defined under Section 41-6a-102 ;
             140          (n) motor assisted scooter defined under Section 41-6a-102 ; or
             141          (o) electric personal assistive mobility device defined under Section 41-6a-102 .
             142          (3) Unless otherwise exempted under Subsection (2), registration under this chapter is
             143      required for any motor vehicle, combination of vehicles, trailer, semitrailer, or vintage vehicle
             144      within 60 days of the owner establishing residency in this state.
             145          (4) A motor vehicle that is registered under Section 41-3-306 is exempt from the
             146      registration requirements of this part for the time period that the registration under Section
             147      41-3-306 is valid.
             148          Section 3. Section 41-1a-205 is amended to read:
             149           41-1a-205. Safety inspection certificate required for renewal or registration of

             150      motor vehicle -- Exemptions.
             151          (1) If required in the current year, a safety inspection certificate, as required by Section
             152      53-8-205 , or proof of exemption from safety inspection shall be presented at the time of, and as
             153      a condition of, registration or renewal of registration of a motor vehicle.
             154          (2) (a) Except as provided in Subsections (2)(b), (c), and (d), the safety inspection
             155      required under this section may be made no more than two months prior to the renewal of
             156      registration.
             157          (b) (i) If the title of a used motor vehicle is being transferred, a safety inspection
             158      certificate issued for the motor vehicle during the previous two months may be used to satisfy
             159      the requirement under Subsection (1).
             160          (ii) If the transferor is a licensed and bonded used motor vehicle dealer, a safety
             161      inspection certificate issued for the motor vehicle in a licensed and bonded motor vehicle
             162      dealer's name during the previous six months may be used to satisfy the requirement under
             163      Subsection (1).
             164          (c) If the title of a leased vehicle is being transferred to the lessee of the vehicle, a
             165      safety inspection certificate issued during the previous six months may be used to satisfy the
             166      requirement under Subsection (1).
             167          (d) If the motor vehicle is part of a fleet of 101 or more vehicles, the safety inspection
             168      required under this section may be made no more than 11 months prior to the renewal of
             169      registration.
             170          (3) The following motor vehicles are exempt from this section:
             171          (a) (i) except as provided in Subsection (3)(c), a new motor vehicle when registered the
             172      first time, if:
             173          [(i)] (A) a new car predelivery inspection has been made by a dealer;
             174          [(ii)] (B) the dealer provides a written disclosure statement listing any known
             175      deficiency, existing with the new motor vehicle at the time of delivery, that would cause the
             176      motor vehicle to fail a safety inspection given in accordance with Section 53-8-205 ; and
             177          [(iii)] (C) the buyer signs the disclosure statement to acknowledge that the buyer has
             178      read and understands the listed deficiencies; and
             179          [(b)] (ii) a motor vehicle required to be registered under this chapter that bears a dealer
             180      plate or other special plate under Title 41, Chapter 3, Part 5, Special Dealer License Plates,

             181      except that if the motor vehicle is propelled by its own power and is not being moved for repair
             182      or dismantling, the motor vehicle shall comply with Section 41-6a-1601 regarding safe
             183      mechanical condition.
             184          (b) A street-legal all-terrain vehicle registered in accordance with Section 41-6a-1509
             185      is subject to a safety inspection when registered the first time.
             186          (4) (a) A safety inspection certificate shall be displayed on:
             187          (i) all registered commercial motor vehicles with a gross vehicle weight rating of
             188      26,000 pounds or more;
             189          (ii) a motor vehicle with three or more axles, pulling a trailer, or pulling a trailer with
             190      multiple axles;
             191          (iii) a combination unit; and
             192          (iv) a bus or van for hire.
             193          (b) A commercial vehicle under Subsection (4)(a) is exempt from the requirements of
             194      Subsection (1).
             195          (5) A motor vehicle may be sold and the title assigned to the new owner without a
             196      valid safety inspection, but the motor vehicle may not be registered in the new owner's name
             197      until the motor vehicle complies with this section.
             198          Section 4. Section 41-6a-102 is amended to read:
             199           41-6a-102. Definitions.
             200          As used in this chapter:
             201          (1) "Alley" means a street or highway intended to provide access to the rear or side of
             202      lots or buildings in urban districts and not intended for through vehicular traffic.
             203          (2) "All-terrain type I vehicle" has the same meaning as defined in Section 41-22-2 .
             204          (3) "Authorized emergency vehicle" includes:
             205          (a) fire department vehicles;
             206          (b) police vehicles;
             207          (c) ambulances; and
             208          (d) other publicly or privately owned vehicles as designated by the commissioner of the
             209      Department of Public Safety.
             210          (4) (a) "Bicycle" means every device:
             211          (i) propelled by human power;

             212          (ii) upon which a person may ride; and
             213          (iii) having two tandem wheels.
             214          (b) "Bicycle" does not include scooters and similar devices.
             215          (5) (a) "Bus" means a motor vehicle:
             216          (i) designed for carrying more than 15 passengers and used for the transportation of
             217      persons; or
             218          (ii) designed and used for the transportation of persons for compensation.
             219          (b) "Bus" does not include a taxicab.
             220          (6) (a) "Circular intersection" means an intersection that has an island, generally
             221      circular in design, located in the center of the intersection where traffic passes to the right of
             222      the island.
             223          (b) "Circular intersection" includes:
             224          (i) roundabouts;
             225          (ii) rotaries; and
             226          (iii) traffic circles.
             227          (7) "Commissioner" means the commissioner of the Department of Public Safety.
             228          (8) "Controlled-access highway" means a highway, street, or roadway:
             229          (a) designed primarily for through traffic; and
             230          (b) to or from which owners or occupants of abutting lands and other persons have no
             231      legal right of access, except at points as determined by the highway authority having
             232      jurisdiction over the highway, street, or roadway.
             233          (9) "Crosswalk" means:
             234          (a) that part of a roadway at an intersection included within the connections of the
             235      lateral lines of the sidewalks on opposite sides of the highway measured from:
             236          (i) (A) the curbs; or
             237          (B) in the absence of curbs, from the edges of the traversable roadway; and
             238          (ii) in the absence of a sidewalk on one side of the roadway, that part of a roadway
             239      included within the extension of the lateral lines of the existing sidewalk at right angles to the
             240      centerline; or
             241          (b) any portion of a roadway at an intersection or elsewhere distinctly indicated for
             242      pedestrian crossing by lines or other markings on the surface.

             243          (10) "Department" means the Department of Public Safety.
             244          (11) "Direct supervision" means oversight at a distance within which:
             245          (a) visual contact is maintained; and
             246          (b) advice and assistance can be given and received.
             247          (12) "Divided highway" means a highway divided into two or more roadways by:
             248          (a) an unpaved intervening space;
             249          (b) a physical barrier; or
             250          (c) a clearly indicated dividing section constructed to impede vehicular traffic.
             251          (13) "Electric assisted bicycle" means a moped:
             252          (a) with an electric motor with a power output of not more than 1,000 watts; and
             253          (b) which is not capable of:
             254          (i) propelling the device at a speed of more than 20 miles per hour on level ground; and
             255          (ii) increasing the speed of the device when human power is used to propel the device
             256      at more than 20 miles per hour.
             257          (14) (a) "Electric personal assistive mobility device" means a self-balancing device
             258      with:
             259          (i) two nontandem wheels in contact with the ground;
             260          (ii) a system capable of steering and stopping the unit under typical operating
             261      conditions;
             262          (iii) an electric propulsion system with average power of one horsepower or 750 watts;
             263          (iv) a maximum speed capacity on a paved, level surface of 12.5 miles per hour; and
             264          (v) a deck design for a person to stand while operating the device.
             265          (b) "Electric personal assistive mobility device" does not include a wheelchair.
             266          (15) "Explosives" means any chemical compound or mechanical mixture commonly
             267      used or intended for the purpose of producing an explosion and which contains any oxidizing
             268      and combustive units or other ingredients in proportions, quantities, or packing so that an
             269      ignition by fire, friction, concussion, percussion, or detonator of any part of the compound or
             270      mixture may cause a sudden generation of highly heated gases, and the resultant gaseous
             271      pressures are capable of producing destructive effects on contiguous objects or of causing death
             272      or serious bodily injury.
             273          (16) "Farm tractor" means a motor vehicle designed and used primarily as a farm

             274      implement, for drawing plows, mowing machines, and other implements of husbandry.
             275          (17) "Flammable liquid" means a liquid which has a flashpoint of 100 degrees F. or
             276      less, as determined by a tagliabue or equivalent closed-cup test device.
             277          (18) "Freeway" means a controlled-access highway that is part of the interstate system
             278      as defined in Section 72-1-102 .
             279          (19) "Gore area" means the area delineated by two solid white lines that is between a
             280      continuing lane of a through roadway and a lane used to enter or exit the continuing lane
             281      including similar areas between merging or splitting highways.
             282          (20) "Gross weight" means the weight of a vehicle without a load plus the weight of
             283      any load on the vehicle.
             284          (21) "Highway" means the entire width between property lines of every way or place of
             285      any nature when any part of it is open to the use of the public as a matter of right for vehicular
             286      travel.
             287          (22) "Highway authority" has the same meaning as defined in Section 72-1-102 .
             288          (23) (a) "Intersection" means the area embraced within the prolongation or connection
             289      of the lateral curblines, or, if none, then the lateral boundary lines of the roadways of two or
             290      more highways which join one another.
             291          (b) Where a highway includes two roadways 30 feet or more apart:
             292          (i) every crossing of each roadway of the divided highway by an intersecting highway
             293      is a separate intersection; and
             294          (ii) if the intersecting highway also includes two roadways 30 feet or more apart, then
             295      every crossing of two roadways of the highways is a separate intersection.
             296          (c) "Intersection" does not include the junction of an alley with a street or highway.
             297          (24) "Island" means an area between traffic lanes or at an intersection for control of
             298      vehicle movements or for pedestrian refuge designated by:
             299          (a) pavement markings, which may include an area designated by two solid yellow
             300      lines surrounding the perimeter of the area;
             301          (b) channelizing devices;
             302          (c) curbs;
             303          (d) pavement edges; or
             304          (e) other devices.

             305          (25) "Law enforcement agency" has the same meaning as defined in Section 53-1-102 .
             306          (26) "Limited access highway" means a highway:
             307          (a) that is designated specifically for through traffic; and
             308          (b) over, from, or to which neither owners nor occupants of abutting lands nor other
             309      persons have any right or easement, or have only a limited right or easement of access, light,
             310      air, or view.
             311          (27) "Local highway authority" means the legislative, executive, or governing body of
             312      a county, municipal, or other local board or body having authority to enact laws relating to
             313      traffic under the constitution and laws of the state.
             314          (28) (a) "Low-speed vehicle" means a four wheeled electric motor vehicle that:
             315          (i) is designed to be operated at speeds of not more than 25 miles per hour; and
             316          (ii) has a capacity of not more than four passengers, including the driver.
             317          (b) "Low-speed vehicle" does not include a golfcart or an off-highway vehicle.
             318          (29) "Metal tire" means a tire, the surface of which in contact with the highway is
             319      wholly or partly of metal or other hard nonresilient material.
             320          (30) (a) "Mini-motorcycle" means a motorcycle or motor-driven cycle that has a seat or
             321      saddle that is less than 24 inches from the ground as measured on a level surface with properly
             322      inflated tires.
             323          (b) "Mini-motorcycle" does not include a moped or a motor assisted scooter.
             324          (c) "Mini-motorcycle" does not include a motorcycle that is:
             325          (i) designed for off-highway use; and
             326          (ii) registered as an off-highway vehicle under Section 41-22-3 .
             327          (31) "Mobile home" means:
             328          (a) a trailer or semitrailer which is:
             329          (i) designed, constructed, and equipped as a dwelling place, living abode, or sleeping
             330      place either permanently or temporarily; and
             331          (ii) equipped for use as a conveyance on streets and highways; or
             332          (b) a trailer or a semitrailer whose chassis and exterior shell is designed and
             333      constructed for use as a mobile home, as defined in Subsection (31)(a), but which is instead
             334      used permanently or temporarily for:
             335          (i) the advertising, sale, display, or promotion of merchandise or services; or

             336          (ii) any other commercial purpose except the transportation of property for hire or the
             337      transportation of property for distribution by a private carrier.
             338          (32) (a) "Moped" means a motor-driven cycle having:
             339          (i) pedals to permit propulsion by human power; and
             340          (ii) a motor which:
             341          (A) produces not more than two brake horsepower; and
             342          (B) is not capable of propelling the cycle at a speed in excess of 30 miles per hour on
             343      level ground.
             344          (b) If an internal combustion engine is used, the displacement may not exceed 50 cubic
             345      centimeters and the moped shall have a power drive system that functions directly or
             346      automatically without clutching or shifting by the operator after the drive system is engaged.
             347          (c) "Moped" includes an electric assisted bicycle and a motor assisted scooter.
             348          (33) "Motor assisted scooter" means a self-propelled device with:
             349          (a) at least two wheels in contact with the ground;
             350          (b) a braking system capable of stopping the unit under typical operating conditions;
             351          (c) a gas or electric motor not exceeding 40 cubic centimeters;
             352          (d) either:
             353          (i) a deck design for a person to stand while operating the device; or
             354          (ii) a deck and seat designed for a person to sit, straddle, or stand while operating the
             355      device; and
             356          (e) a design for the ability to be propelled by human power alone.
             357          (34) (a) "Motor vehicle" means a vehicle which is self-propelled and every vehicle
             358      which is propelled by electric power obtained from overhead trolley wires, but not operated
             359      upon rails.
             360          (b) "Motor vehicle" does not include vehicles moved solely by human power,
             361      motorized wheelchairs, or an electric personal assistive mobility device.
             362          (35) "Motorcycle" means a motor vehicle, other than a tractor, having a seat or saddle
             363      for the use of the rider and designed to travel with not more than three wheels in contact with
             364      the ground.
             365          (36) (a) "Motor-driven cycle" means every motorcycle, motor scooter, moped, electric
             366      assisted bicycle, motor assisted scooter, and every motorized bicycle having:

             367          (i) an engine with less than 150 cubic centimeters displacement; or
             368          (ii) a motor which produces not more than five horsepower.
             369          (b) "Motor-driven cycle" does not include an electric personal assistive mobility
             370      device.
             371          (37) "Off-highway implement of husbandry" has the same meaning as defined under
             372      Section 41-22-2 .
             373          (38) "Off-highway vehicle" has the same meaning as defined under Section 41-22-2 .
             374          (39) "Operator" means a person who is in actual physical control of a vehicle.
             375          (40) (a) "Park" or "parking" means the standing of a vehicle, whether occupied or not.
             376          (b) "Park" or "parking" does not include the standing of a vehicle temporarily for the
             377      purpose of and while actually engaged in loading or unloading property or passengers.
             378          (41) "Peace officer" means a peace officer authorized under Title 53, Chapter 13, Peace
             379      Officer Classifications, to direct or regulate traffic or to make arrests for violations of traffic
             380      laws.
             381          (42) "Pedestrian" means a person traveling:
             382          (a) on foot; or
             383          (b) in a wheelchair.
             384          (43) "Pedestrian traffic-control signal" means a traffic-control signal used to regulate
             385      pedestrians.
             386          (44) "Person" means every natural person, firm, copartnership, association, or
             387      corporation.
             388          (45) "Pole trailer" means every vehicle without motive power:
             389          (a) designed to be drawn by another vehicle and attached to the towing vehicle by
             390      means of a reach, or pole, or by being boomed or otherwise secured to the towing vehicle; and
             391          (b) that is ordinarily used for transporting long or irregular shaped loads including
             392      poles, pipes, or structural members generally capable of sustaining themselves as beams
             393      between the supporting connections.
             394          (46) "Private road or driveway" means every way or place in private ownership and
             395      used for vehicular travel by the owner and those having express or implied permission from the
             396      owner, but not by other persons.
             397          (47) "Railroad" means a carrier of persons or property upon cars operated on stationary

             398      rails.
             399          (48) "Railroad sign or signal" means a sign, signal, or device erected by authority of a
             400      public body or official or by a railroad and intended to give notice of the presence of railroad
             401      tracks or the approach of a railroad train.
             402          (49) "Railroad train" means a locomotive propelled by any form of energy, coupled
             403      with or operated without cars, and operated upon rails.
             404          (50) "Right-of-way" means the right of one vehicle or pedestrian to proceed in a lawful
             405      manner in preference to another vehicle or pedestrian approaching under circumstances of
             406      direction, speed, and proximity which give rise to danger of collision unless one grants
             407      precedence to the other.
             408          (51) (a) "Roadway" means that portion of highway improved, designed, or ordinarily
             409      used for vehicular travel.
             410          (b) "Roadway" does not include the sidewalk, berm, or shoulder, even though any of
             411      them are used by persons riding bicycles or other human-powered vehicles.
             412          (c) "Roadway" refers to any roadway separately but not to all roadways collectively, if
             413      a highway includes two or more separate roadways.
             414          (52) "Safety zone" means the area or space officially set apart within a roadway for the
             415      exclusive use of pedestrians and which is protected, marked, or indicated by adequate signs as
             416      to be plainly visible at all times while set apart as a safety zone.
             417          (53) (a) "School bus" means a motor vehicle that:
             418          (i) complies with the color and identification requirements of the most recent edition of
             419      "Minimum Standards for School Buses"; and
             420          (ii) is used to transport school children to or from school or school activities.
             421          (b) "School bus" does not include a vehicle operated by a common carrier in
             422      transportation of school children to or from school or school activities.
             423          (54) (a) "Semitrailer" means a vehicle with or without motive power:
             424          (i) designed for carrying persons or property and for being drawn by a motor vehicle;
             425      and
             426          (ii) constructed so that some part of its weight and that of its load rests on or is carried
             427      by another vehicle.
             428          (b) "Semitrailer" does not include a pole trailer.

             429          (55) "Shoulder area" means:
             430          (a) that area of the hard-surfaced highway separated from the roadway by a pavement
             431      edge line as established in the current approved "Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices";
             432      or
             433          (b) that portion of the road contiguous to the roadway for accommodation of stopped
             434      vehicles, for emergency use, and lateral support.
             435          (56) "Sidewalk" means that portion of a street between the curb lines, or the lateral
             436      lines of a roadway, and the adjacent property lines intended for the use of pedestrians.
             437          (57) "Solid rubber tire" means a tire of rubber or other resilient material which does not
             438      depend on compressed air for the support of the load.
             439          (58) "Stand" or "standing" means the temporary halting of a vehicle, whether occupied
             440      or not, for the purpose of and while actually engaged in receiving or discharging passengers.
             441          (59) "Stop" when required means complete cessation from movement.
             442          (60) "Stop" or "stopping" when prohibited means any halting even momentarily of a
             443      vehicle, whether occupied or not, except when:
             444          (a) necessary to avoid conflict with other traffic; or
             445          (b) in compliance with the directions of a peace officer or traffic-control device.
             446          (61) "Street-legal all-terrain vehicle" or "street-legal ATV" means an all-terrain type I
             447      or type II vehicle, as defined in Section 41-22-2 , that is modified to meet the requirements of
             448      Section 41-6a-1509 to operate on highways in the state in accordance with Section 41-6a-1509 .
             449          [(61)] (62) "Traffic" means pedestrians, ridden or herded animals, vehicles, and other
             450      conveyances either singly or together while using any highway for the purpose of travel.
             451          [(62)] (63) "Traffic-control device" means a sign, signal, marking, or device not
             452      inconsistent with this chapter placed or erected by a highway authority for the purpose of
             453      regulating, warning, or guiding traffic.
             454          [(63)] (64) "Traffic-control signal" means a device, whether manually, electrically, or
             455      mechanically operated, by which traffic is alternately directed to stop and permitted to proceed.
             456          [(64)] (65) "Traffic signal preemption device" means an instrument or mechanism
             457      designed, intended, or used to interfere with the operation or cycle of a traffic-control signal.
             458          [(65)] (66) (a) "Trailer" means a vehicle with or without motive power designed for
             459      carrying persons or property and for being drawn by a motor vehicle and constructed so that no

             460      part of its weight rests upon the towing vehicle.
             461          (b) "Trailer" does not include a pole trailer.
             462          [(66)] (67) "Truck" means a motor vehicle designed, used, or maintained primarily for
             463      the transportation of property.
             464          [(67)] (68) "Truck tractor" means a motor vehicle:
             465          (a) designed and used primarily for drawing other vehicles; and
             466          (b) constructed to carry a part of the weight of the vehicle and load drawn by the truck
             467      tractor.
             468          [(68)] (69) "Two-way left turn lane" means a lane:
             469          (a) provided for vehicle operators making left turns in either direction;
             470          (b) that is not used for passing, overtaking, or through travel; and
             471          (c) that has been indicated by a lane traffic-control device which may include lane
             472      markings.
             473          [(69)] (70) "Urban district" means the territory contiguous to and including any street,
             474      in which structures devoted to business, industry, or dwelling houses are situated at intervals of
             475      less than 100 feet, for a distance of a quarter of a mile or more.
             476          [(70)] (71) "Vehicle" means a device in, on, or by which a person or property is or may
             477      be transported or drawn on a highway, except devices used exclusively on stationary rails or
             478      tracks.
             479          Section 5. Section 41-6a-1509 is enacted to read:
             480          41-6a-1509. Street-legal all-terrain vehicle -- Operation on highways --
             481      Registration and licensing requirements -- Equipment requirements.
             482          (1) (a) Except as provided in Subsection (1)(b), an all-terrain type I or type II vehicle
             483      that meets the requirements of this section may be operated as a street-legal ATV on a street or
             484      highway that:
             485          (i) is a highway with one lane in each direction; and
             486          (ii) has a posted speed limit of no more than 50 miles per hour.
             487          (b) Unless a street or highway is designated as open for street-legal ATV use by the
             488      controlling highway authority in accordance with Section 41-22-10.5 , a person may not operate
             489      a street-legal ATV on a street or highway in accordance with Subsection (1)(a) if the highway
             490      is under the jurisdiction of:

             491          (i) a county of the first class;
             492          (ii) a municipality that is within a county of the first class; or
             493          (iii) a municipality with a population of 20,000 or more people.
             494          (2) A street-legal ATV shall comply with the same requirements as:
             495          (a) a motorcycle for:
             496          (i) traffic rules under Title 41, Chapter 6a, Traffic Code;
             497          (ii) driver licensing under Title 53, Chapter 3, Uniform Driver License Act;
             498          (iii) registration, titling, odometer statement, vehicle identification, license plates, and
             499      registration fees under Title 41, Chapter 1a, Motor Vehicle Act;
             500          (iv) fees in lieu of property taxes or in lieu fees under Section 59-2-405.2 ; and
             501          (v) the county motor vehicle emissions inspection and maintenance programs under
             502      Section 41-6a-1642 ;
             503          (b) a motor vehicle for:
             504          (i) motor vehicle insurance under Title 41, Chapter 12a, Financial Responsibility of
             505      Motor Vehicle Owners and Operators Act; and
             506          (ii) safety inspection requirements under Title 53, Chapter 8, Part 2, Motor Vehicle
             507      Safety Inspection Act, except that a street-legal ATV shall be subject to a safety inspection
             508      when registered for the first time; and
             509          (c) an all-terrain type I or type II vehicle for off-highway vehicle provisions under Title
             510      41, Chapter 22, Off-Highway Vehicles, and Title 41, Chapter 3, Motor Vehicle Business
             511      Regulation Act, unless otherwise specified in this section.
             512          (3) A street-legal ATV shall be equipped with:
             513          (a) one or more headlamps that meet requirements of Section 41-6a-1603 ;
             514          (b) one or more tail lamps;
             515          (c) a tail lamp or other lamp constructed and placed to illuminate the registration plate
             516      with a white light;
             517          (d) one or more red reflectors on the rear;
             518          (e) one or more stop lamps on the rear;
             519          (f) amber electric turn signals one each side of the front and rear;
             520          (g) a braking system, other than a parking brake, that meets the requirements of Section
             521      41-6a-1623 ;

             522          (h) a horn or other warning device that meets the requirements of Section 41-6a-1625 ;
             523          (i) a muffler and emission control system that meets the requirements of Section
             524      41-6a-1626 ;
             525          (j) rearview mirrors on the rights and left side of the driver in accordance with Section
             526      41-6a-1627 ;
             527          (k) a windshield unless the operator wears eye protection while operating the vehicle;
             528          (l) a speedometer, illuminated for nighttime operation;
             529          (m) for vehicles designed by the manufacturer for carrying one or more passengers, a
             530      seat designed for passengers, including a footrest and handhold for each passenger; and
             531          (n) for vehicles with side-by-side seating, seatbelts for each vehicle occupant.
             532          (5) (a) A nonresident operator of an off-highway vehicle that is authorized to be
             533      operated on the highways of another state has the same rights and privileges as a street-legal
             534      ATV that is granted operating privileges on the highways of this state, subject to the
             535      restrictions under this section and rules made by the Board of Parks and Recreation, if the other
             536      state offers reciprocal operating privileges to Utah residents.
             537          (b) In accordance with Title 63, Chapter 46a, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act, the
             538      Board of Parks and Recreation shall establish eligibility requirements for reciprocal operating
             539      privileges for nonresident users granted under Subsection (5)(a).
             540          Section 6. Section 41-6a-1601 is amended to read:
             541           41-6a-1601. Operation of unsafe or improperly equipped vehicles on public
             542      highways -- Exceptions.
             543          (1) (a) A person may not operate or move and an owner may not cause or knowingly
             544      permit to be operated or moved on a highway a vehicle or combination of vehicles which:
             545          (i) is in an unsafe condition that may endanger any person;
             546          (ii) does not contain those parts or is not at all times equipped with lamps and other
             547      equipment in proper condition and adjustment as required in this chapter;
             548          (iii) is equipped in any manner in violation of this chapter; or
             549          (iv) emits pollutants in excess of the limits allowed under the rules of the Air Quality
             550      Board created under Title 19, Chapter 2, Air Conservation Act, or under rules made by local
             551      health departments.
             552          (b) A person may not do any act forbidden or fail to perform any act required under this

             553      chapter.
             554          (2) (a) In accordance with Title 63, Chapter 46a, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act,
             555      and in coordination with the rules made under Section 53-8-204 , the department shall make
             556      rules setting minimum standards covering the design, construction, condition, and operation of
             557      vehicle equipment for safely operating a motor vehicle on the highway as required under this
             558      part.
             559          (b) The rules under Subsection (2)(a):
             560          (i) shall conform as nearly as practical to Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards and
             561      Regulations;
             562          (ii) may incorporate by reference, in whole or in part, the federal standards under
             563      Subsection (2)(b)(i) and nationally recognized and readily available standards and codes on
             564      motor vehicle safety;
             565          (iii) shall include provisions for the issuance of a permit under Section 41-6a-1602 ;
             566          (iv) shall include standards for the emergency lights of authorized emergency vehicles;
             567          (v) may provide standards and specifications applicable to lighting equipment on
             568      school buses consistent with:
             569          (A) this part;
             570          (B) federal motor vehicle safety standards; and
             571          (C) current specifications of the Society of Automotive Engineers;
             572          (vi) shall provide procedures for the submission, review, approval, disapproval,
             573      issuance of an approval certificate, and expiration or renewal of approval of any part as
             574      required under Section 41-6a-1620 ;
             575          (vii) shall establish specifications for the display or etching of a vehicle identification
             576      number on a vehicle;
             577          (viii) shall establish specifications in compliance with this part for a flare, fusee,
             578      electric lantern, warning flag, or portable reflector used in compliance with this part;
             579          (ix) shall establish approved safety and law enforcement purposes when video display
             580      is visible to the motor vehicle operator; and
             581          (x) shall include standards and specifications for both original equipment and parts
             582      included when a vehicle is manufactured and aftermarket equipment and parts included after
             583      the original manufacture of a vehicle.

             584          (c) The following standards and specifications for vehicle equipment are adopted:
             585          (i) 49 C.F.R. 571.209 related to safety belts;
             586          (ii) 49 C.F.R. 571.213 related to child restraint devices;
             587          (iii) 49 C.F.R. 393, 396, and 396 Appendix G related to commercial motor vehicles
             588      and trailers operated in interstate commerce;
             589          (iv) 49 C.F.R. 571 Standard 108 related to lights and illuminating devices; and
             590          (v) 40 C.F.R. 82.30 through 82.42 and Part 82, Subpart B, Appendix A and B related
             591      to air conditioning equipment.
             592          (3) Nothing in this chapter or the rules made by the department prohibit:
             593          (a) equipment required by the United States Department of Transportation; or
             594          (b) the use of additional parts and accessories on a vehicle not inconsistent with the
             595      provisions of this chapter or the rules made by the department.
             596          (4) Except as specifically made applicable, the provisions of this chapter and rules of
             597      the department with respect to equipment required on vehicles do not apply to:
             598          (a) implements of husbandry;
             599          (b) road machinery;
             600          (c) road rollers;
             601          (d) farm tractors;
             602          (e) motorcycles;
             603          (f) motor-driven cycles;
             604          (g) vehicles moved solely by human power;
             605          (h) off-highway vehicles registered under Section 41-22-3 either:
             606          (i) on a highway designated as open for off-highway vehicle use; or
             607          (ii) in the manner prescribed by [Section] Subsections 41-22-10.3 (1) through (3); or
             608          (i) off-highway implements of husbandry when operated in the manner prescribed by
             609      Subsections 41-22-5.5 (3) through (5).
             610          (5) The vehicles referred to in Subsections (4)(h) and (i) are subject to the equipment
             611      requirements of Title 41, Chapter 22, Off-highway Vehicles, and the rules made under that
             612      chapter.
             613          (6) (a) A federal motor vehicle safety standard supersedes any conflicting provision of
             614      this chapter.

             615          (b) The department:
             616          (i) shall report any conflict found under Subsection (6)(a) to the appropriate
             617      committees or officials of the Legislature; and
             618          (ii) may adopt a rule to replace the superseded provision.
             619          Section 7. Section 41-8-1 is amended to read:
             620           41-8-1. Operation of vehicle by persons under 16 prohibited -- Exceptions for
             621      off-highway vehicles and off-highway implements of husbandry.
             622          (1) A person under 16 years of age, whether resident or nonresident of this state, may
             623      not operate a motor vehicle upon any highway of this state.
             624          (2) This section does not apply to a person operating:
             625          (a) a motor vehicle under a permit issued under Section 53-3-210 , 53-3-210.5 , or
             626      53A-13-208 ;
             627          (b) an off-highway vehicle registered under Section 41-22-3 either:
             628          (i) on a highway designated as open for off-highway vehicle use; or
             629          (ii) in the manner prescribed by [Section] Subsections 41-22-10.3 (1) through (3); or
             630          (c) an off-highway implement of husbandry in the manner prescribed by Subsections
             631      41-22-5.5 (3) through (5).
             632          Section 8. Section 41-12a-301 is amended to read:
             633           41-12a-301. Definition -- Requirement of owner's or operator's security --
             634      Exceptions.
             635          (1) As used in this section:
             636          (a) "highway" has the same meaning as provided in Section 41-1a-102 ; and
             637          (b) "quasi-public road or parking area" has the same meaning as provided in Section
             638      41-6a-214 .
             639          (2) Except as provided in Subsection (5):
             640          (a) every resident owner of a motor vehicle shall maintain owner's or operator's
             641      security in effect at any time that the motor vehicle is operated on a highway or on a
             642      quasi-public road or parking area within the state; and
             643          (b) every nonresident owner of a motor vehicle that has been physically present in this
             644      state for:
             645          (i) 90 or fewer days during the preceding 365 days shall maintain the type and amount

             646      of owner's or operator's security required in his place of residence, in effect continuously
             647      throughout the period the motor vehicle remains within Utah; or
             648          (ii) more than 90 days during the preceding 365 days shall thereafter maintain owner's
             649      or operator's security in effect continuously throughout the period the motor vehicle remains
             650      within Utah.
             651          (3) (a) Except as provided in Subsection (5), the state and all of its political
             652      subdivisions and their respective departments, institutions, or agencies shall maintain owner's
             653      or operator's security in effect continuously for their motor vehicles.
             654          (b) Any other state is considered a nonresident owner of its motor vehicles and is
             655      subject to Subsection (2)(b).
             656          (4) The United States, any political subdivision of it, or any of its agencies may
             657      maintain owner's or operator's security in effect for their motor vehicles.
             658          (5) Owner's or operator's security is not required for any of the following:
             659          (a) off-highway vehicles registered under Section 41-22-3 when operated either:
             660          (i) on a highway designated as open for off-highway vehicle use; or
             661          (ii) in the manner prescribed by [Section] Subsections 41-22-10.3 (1) through (3);
             662          (b) off-highway implements of husbandry operated in the manner prescribed by
             663      Subsections 41-22-5.5 (3) through (5);
             664          (c) electric assisted bicycles as defined under Section 41-6a-102 ;
             665          (d) motor assisted scooters as defined under Section 41-6a-102 ; or
             666          (e) electric personal assistive mobility devices as defined under Section 41-6a-102 .
             667          Section 9. Section 41-22-2 is amended to read:
             668           41-22-2. Definitions.
             669          As used in this chapter:
             670          (1) "Advisory council" means the Off-highway Vehicle Advisory Council appointed by
             671      the Board of Parks and Recreation.
             672          (2) "All-terrain type I vehicle" means any motor vehicle 50 inches or less in width,
             673      having an unladen dry weight of 800 pounds or less, traveling on three or more low pressure
             674      tires, having a seat designed to be straddled by the operator, and designed for or capable of
             675      travel over unimproved terrain.
             676          (3) (a) "All-terrain type II vehicle" means any other motor vehicle, not defined in

             677      Subsection (2), (9), or (20), designed for or capable of travel over unimproved terrain.
             678          (b) "All-terrain type II vehicle" does not include golf carts, any vehicle designed to
             679      carry a disabled person, any vehicle not specifically designed for recreational use, or farm
             680      tractors as defined under Section 41-1a-102 .
             681          (4) "Board" means the Board of Parks and Recreation.
             682          (5) "Dealer" means a person engaged in the business of selling off-highway vehicles at
             683      wholesale or retail.
             684          (6) "Division" means the Division of Parks and Recreation.
             685          (7) "Low pressure tire" means any pneumatic tire six inches or more in width designed
             686      for use on wheels with rim diameter of 12 inches or less and utilizing an operating pressure of
             687      ten pounds per square inch or less as recommended by the vehicle manufacturer.
             688          (8) "Manufacturer" means a person engaged in the business of manufacturing
             689      off-highway vehicles.
             690          (9) "Motorcycle" means every motor vehicle having a saddle for the use of the operator
             691      and designed to travel on not more than two tires.
             692          (10) "Motor vehicle" means every vehicle which is self-propelled.
             693          (11) "Off-highway vehicle" means any snowmobile, all-terrain type I vehicle,
             694      all-terrain type II vehicle, or motorcycle.
             695          (12) "Off-highway implement of husbandry" means every all-terrain type I vehicle,
             696      motorcycle, or snowmobile that is used by the owner or his agent for agricultural operations.
             697          (13) "Operate" means to control the movement of or otherwise use an off-highway
             698      vehicle.
             699          (14) "Operator" means the person who is in actual physical control of an off-highway
             700      vehicle.
             701          (15) "Organized user group" means an off-highway vehicle organization incorporated
             702      as a nonprofit corporation in the state under Title 16, Chapter 6a, Utah Revised Nonprofit
             703      Corporation Act, for the purpose of promoting the interests of off-highway vehicle recreation.
             704          (16) "Owner" means a person, other than a person with a security interest, having a
             705      property interest or title to an off-highway vehicle and entitled to the use and possession of that
             706      vehicle.
             707          (17) "Public land" means land owned or administered by any federal or state agency or

             708      any political subdivision of the state.
             709          (18) "Register" means the act of assigning a registration number to an off-highway
             710      vehicle.
             711          (19) "Roadway" is used as defined in Section 41-6a-102 .
             712          (20) "Snowmobile" means any motor vehicle designed for travel on snow or ice and
             713      steered and supported in whole or in part by skis, belts, cleats, runners, or low pressure tires.
             714          (21) "Street or highway" means the entire width between boundary lines of every way
             715      or place of whatever nature, when any part of it is open to the use of the public for vehicular
             716      travel.
             717          (22) "Street-legal all-terrain vehicle" or "street-legal ATV" has the same meaning as
             718      defined in Section 41-6a-102 .
             719          Section 10. Section 41-22-9 is amended to read:
             720           41-22-9. Vehicles exempt from registration.
             721          (1) The following off-highway vehicles are exempt from the registration requirements
             722      of this chapter:
             723          [(1)] (a) vehicles that are currently registered for highway use, have a valid motor
             724      vehicle safety inspection sticker or certificate, and on which the required safety equipment has
             725      not been subsequently modified;
             726          (b) except as provided in Subsection (2), a street-legal all-terrain vehicle registered in
             727      accordance with Section 41-6a-1509 ;
             728          [(2)] (c) off-highway vehicles that are owned by a nonresident and that are displaying a
             729      current annual off-highway vehicle user decal in accordance with Section 41-22-35 ;
             730          [(3)] (d) off-highway vehicles sold by a dealer to a person who is not a resident of this
             731      state;
             732          [(4)] (e) off-highway implements of husbandry operated in the manner prescribed by
             733      Subsections 41-22-5.5 (3) through (5); and
             734          [(5)] (f) new off-highway vehicles being transported to an off-highway vehicle
             735      dealership by the dealer, employee of the dealership, or agent for the dealership.
             736          (2) In addition the registration requirements imposed under Section 41-6a-1509 , a
             737      street-legal all-terrain vehicle is subject to the fees under Sections 41-22-8 , 41-22-33 , 41-22-34 ,
             738      and 41-22-36 .

             739          Section 11. Section 41-22-10.3 is amended to read:
             740           41-22-10.3. Operation of vehicles on highways -- Limits.
             741          [No] A person may not operate an off-highway vehicle upon any street or highway, not
             742      designated as open to off-highway vehicle use, except:
             743          (1) when crossing a street or highway and the operator comes to a complete stop before
             744      crossing, proceeds only after yielding the right of way to oncoming traffic, and crosses at a
             745      right angle;
             746          (2) when loading or unloading an off-highway vehicle from a vehicle or trailer, which
             747      shall be done with due regard for safety, and at the nearest practical point of operation; [or]
             748          (3) when an emergency exists, during any period of time and at those locations when
             749      the operation of conventional motor vehicles is impractical or when the operation is directed by
             750      a peace officer or other public authority; or
             751          (4) when operating a street-legal all-terrain vehicle on a highway in accordance with
             752      Section 41-6a-1509 .
             753          Section 12. Section 41-22-10.5 is amended to read:
             754           41-22-10.5. Local ordinances -- Designating routes -- Supervision.
             755          (1) A municipality or county may adopt ordinances designating certain streets and
             756      highways under its respective jurisdiction:
             757          (a) as open for street-legal all-terrain off-highway vehicle use;
             758          (b) as open for general off-highway vehicle use; or
             759          (c) as open for limited off-highway vehicle [routes] use to allow off-highway vehicle
             760      operators to gain direct access to or from a private or public area open for off-highway vehicle
             761      use.
             762          (2) A municipality or a county may adopt an ordinance requiring an operator who is
             763      under 16 years of age to be under the direct visual supervision of an adult who is at least 18
             764      years of age while using a route designated under Subsection (1).
             765          (3) A route designated under Subsection (1) may not be along, across, or within the
             766      boundaries of an interstate freeway or limited access highway.
             767          (4) Except as provided under Section 41-22-10.3 , a person may not operate an
             768      off-highway vehicle on any street or highway that is not designated or posted as open for
             769      off-highway vehicle use in accordance with Subsection (1) or Section 41-22-10.1 .

             770          (5) Subsection (4) does not apply to off-highway implements of husbandry used in
             771      accordance with Section 41-22-5.5 .
             772          Section 13. Effective date.
             773          This bill takes effect on October 1, 2008.

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