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First Substitute S.B. 236
7 LONG TITLE
8 General Description:
9 This bill makes technical changes to the judiciary statutes and conforming changes
10 throughout the code.
11 Highlighted Provisions:
12 This bill:
13 . clarifies requirements for judicial review of an order of restriction in situations
14 which may pose a threat to public health;
15 . clarifies that the district court has appellate jurisdiction over justice and small
16 claims court decisions;
17 . clarifies juvenile court jurisdiction;
18 . eliminates the requirement that the petitioner on a child protective order notify the
19 court of their current address 30 days before the expiration date;
20 . sets a specific time period for a child protective order; and
21 . clarifies justice court jurisdiction over minors.
22 Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
24 Other Special Clauses:
26 Utah Code Sections Affected:
28 10-3-1106, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2004, Chapter 260
29 26-6b-3, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapter 185
30 26-6b-3.3, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapter 185
31 26-6b-3.4, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapter 185
32 26-6b-4, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapter 185
33 26-6b-5, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapter 185
34 26-6b-6, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 38
35 78A-5-102, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
36 78A-6-103, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
37 78A-7-106, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
38 78B-7-204, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
39 78B-7-205, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
40 78B-12-210, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
42 78A-7-107, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
44 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
45 Section 1. Section 10-3-1106 is amended to read:
46 10-3-1106. Discharge, suspension without pay, or involuntary transfer -- Appeals
47 -- Board -- Procedure.
48 (1) An employee to which Section 10-3-1105 applies may not be discharged, suspended
49 without pay, or involuntarily transferred to a position with less remuneration:
50 (a) because of the employee's politics or religious belief; or
51 (b) incident to, or through changes, either in the elective officers, governing body, or
52 heads of departments.
53 (2) (a) If an employee is discharged, suspended for more than two days without pay, or
54 involuntarily transferred from one position to another with less remuneration for any reason,
55 the employee may, subject to Subsection (2)(b), appeal the discharge, suspension without pay,
56 or involuntary transfer to a board to be known as the appeal board, established under
57 Subsection (7).
58 (b) If the municipality provides an internal grievance procedure, the employee shall
59 exhaust the employee's rights under that grievance procedure before appealing to the board.
60 (3) (a) Each appeal under Subsection (2) shall be taken by filing written notice of the
61 appeal with the municipal recorder within ten days after:
62 (i) if the municipality provides an internal grievance procedure, the employee receives
63 notice of the final disposition of the municipality's internal grievance procedure; or
64 (ii) if the municipality does not provide an internal grievance procedure, the discharge,
65 suspension, or involuntary transfer.
66 (b) (i) Upon the filing of an appeal under Subsection (3)(a), the municipal recorder
67 shall forthwith refer a copy of the appeal to the appeal board.
68 (ii) Upon receipt of the referral from the municipal recorder, the appeal board shall
69 forthwith commence its investigation, take and receive evidence, and fully hear and determine
70 the matter which relates to the cause for the discharge, suspension, or transfer.
71 (4) An employee who is the subject of the discharge, suspension, or transfer may:
72 (a) appear in person and be represented by counsel;
73 (b) have a public hearing;
74 (c) confront the witness whose testimony is to be considered; and
75 (d) examine the evidence to be considered by the appeal board.
76 (5) (a) (i) Each decision of the appeal board shall be by secret ballot, and shall be
77 certified to the recorder within 15 days from the date the matter is referred to it, except as
78 provided in Subsection (5)(a)(ii).
79 (ii) For good cause, the board may extend the 15-day period under Subsection (5)(a)(i)
80 to a maximum of 60 days, if the employee and municipality both consent.
81 (b) If it finds in favor of the employee, the board shall provide that the employee shall
83 (i) the employee's salary for the period of time during which the employee is
84 discharged or suspended without pay; or
85 (ii) any deficiency in salary for the period during which the employee was transferred
86 to a position of less remuneration.
87 (6) (a) A final action or order of the appeal board may be [
88 Court of Appeals by filing with that court a [
89 (b) Each [
90 days after the issuance of the final action or order of the appeal board.
91 (c) The Court of Appeals' review shall be on the record of the appeal board and for the
92 purpose of determining if the appeal board abused its discretion or exceeded its authority.
93 (7) (a) The method and manner of choosing the members of the appeal board, the
94 number of members, the designation of their terms of office, and the procedure for conducting
95 an appeal and the standard of review shall be prescribed by the governing body of each
96 municipality by ordinance.
97 (b) For a municipality operating under a form of government other than a
98 council-mayor form under Part 12, Optional Forms of Municipal Government Act, an
99 ordinance adopted under Subsection (7)(a) may provide that the governing body of the
100 municipality shall serve as the appeal board.
101 Section 2. Section 26-6b-3 is amended to read:
102 26-6b-3. Order of restriction.
103 (1) The department having jurisdiction over the location where an individual or a group
104 of individuals who are subject to restriction are found, may:
105 (a) issue a written order of restriction for the individual or group of individuals
106 pursuant to Subsection 26-1-30 (2) or 26A-1-114 (1)(b) upon compliance with the requirements
107 of this chapter; and
108 (b) issue a verbal order of restriction for an individual or group of individuals pursuant
109 to Subsection (2)(c).
110 (2) (a) A department's determination to issue an order of restriction shall be based upon
111 the totality of circumstances reported to and known by the department, including:
112 (i) observation;
113 (ii) information that the department determines is credible and reliable information;
115 (iii) knowledge of current public health risks based on medically accepted guidelines as
116 may be established by the Department of Health by administrative rule.
117 (b) An order of restriction issued by a department must:
118 (i) in the opinion of the public health official, be for the shortest reasonable period of
119 time necessary to protect the public health;
120 (ii) use the least intrusive method of restriction that, in the opinion of the department,
121 is reasonable based on the totality of circumstances known to the health department issuing the
122 order of restriction;
123 (iii) be in writing unless the provisions of Subsection (2)(c) apply; and
124 (iv) contain notice of an individual's rights as required in Section 26-6b-3.3 .
125 (c) (i) A department may issue a verbal order of restriction, without prior notice to the
126 individual or group of individuals if the delay in imposing a written order of restriction would
127 significantly jeopardize the department's ability to prevent or limit:
128 (A) the transmission of a communicable or possibly communicable disease that poses a
129 threat to public health;
130 (B) the transmission of an infectious agent or possibly infectious agent that poses a
131 threat to public health; [
132 (C) the exposure or possible exposure of a chemical or biological agent that poses a
133 threat to public health; or
134 (D) the exposure or transmission of a condition that poses a threat to public health.
135 (ii) A verbal order of restriction issued under the provisions of Subsection (2)(c)(i):
136 (A) is valid for 24 hours from the time the order of restriction is issued;
137 (B) may be verbally communicated to the individuals or group of individuals subject to
138 restriction by a first responder;
139 (C) may be enforced by the first responder until the department is able to establish and
140 maintain the place of restriction; and
141 (D) may only be continued beyond the initial 24 hours if a written order of restriction is
142 issued pursuant to the provisions of Section 26-6b-3.3 .
143 (3) Pending issuance of a written order of restriction under Section 26-6b-3.3 , or
144 judicial review of an order of restriction by the district court pursuant to Section 26-6b-6 , an
145 individual who is subject to the order of restriction may be required to submit to involuntary
146 examination, quarantine, isolation, or treatment in his home, a hospital, or any other suitable
147 facility under reasonable conditions prescribed by the department.
148 (4) The department that issued the order of restriction shall take reasonable measures,
149 including the provision of medical care, as may be necessary to assure proper care related to the
150 reason for the involuntary examination, treatment, isolation, or quarantine of an individual
151 ordered to submit to an order of restriction.
152 Section 3. Section 26-6b-3.3 is amended to read:
153 26-6b-3.3. Contents of notice of order of restriction -- Rights of individuals.
154 (1) A written order of restriction issued by a department shall include the following
156 (a) the identity of the individual or a description of the group of individuals subject to
157 the order of restriction;
158 (b) the identity or location of any premises that may be subject to restriction;
159 (c) the date and time for which the restriction begins and the expected duration of the
161 (d) the suspected communicable disease, infectious, chemical or biological agent, or
162 other condition that poses a threat to public health;
163 (e) the requirements for termination of the order of restriction, such as necessary
164 laboratory reports, the expiration of an incubation period, or the completion of treatment for the
165 communicable disease;
166 (f) any conditions on the restriction, such as limitation of visitors or requirements for
167 medical monitoring;
168 (g) the medical or scientific information upon which the restriction is based;
169 (h) a statement advising of the right to a judicial review of the order of restriction by
170 the district court; and
171 (i) pursuant to Subsection (2), the rights of each individual subject to restriction.
172 (2) An individual subject to restriction has the following rights:
173 (a) the right to be represented by legal counsel in any judicial review of the order of
174 restriction in accordance with Subsection 26-6b-4 (3);
175 (b) the right to be provided with prior notice of the date, time, and location of any
176 hearing concerning the order of restriction;
177 (c) the right to participate in any hearing, in a manner established by the court based on
178 precautions necessary to prevent additional exposure to communicable or possibly
179 communicable diseases or to protect the public health;
180 (d) the right to respond and present evidence and arguments on the individual's own
181 behalf in any hearing;
182 (e) the right to cross examine witnesses; and
183 (f) the right to review and copy all records in the possession of the department that
184 issued the order of restriction which relate to the subject of the written order of restriction.
185 (3) (a) Notwithstanding the provisions of Subsection (1), if a department issues an
186 order of restriction for a group of individuals, the department may modify the method of
187 providing notice to the group or modify the information contained in the notice, if the public
188 health official determines the modification of the notice is necessary to:
189 (i) protect the privacy of medical information of individuals in the group; or
190 (ii) provide notice to the group in a manner that will efficiently and effectively notify
191 the individuals in the group within the period of time necessary to protect the public health.
192 (b) When a department modifies notice to a group of individuals under Subsection
193 (3)(a), the department shall provide each individual in the group with notice that complies with
194 the provisions of Subsection (1) as soon as reasonably practical.
195 (4) (a) In addition to the rights of an individual described in Subsections (1) and (2), an
196 individual subject to an order of restriction may not be terminated from employment if the
197 reason for termination is based solely on the fact that the individual is or was subject to an
198 order of restriction.
199 (b) The department issuing the order of restriction shall give the individual subject to
200 the order of restriction notice of the individual's employment rights under Subsection (4)(a).
201 (c) An employer in the state, including an employer who is the state or a political
202 subdivision of the state, may not violate the provisions of Subsection (4)(a).
203 Section 4. Section 26-6b-3.4 is amended to read:
204 26-6b-3.4. Medical records -- Privacy protections.
205 (1) (a) Health care providers as defined in Section 78-14-3 , health care facilities
206 licensed under Title 26, Chapter 21, Health Care Facility Licensing and Inspection Act, and
207 governmental entities, shall, when requested, provide the public health official and the
208 individual subject to an order of restriction, a copy of medical records that are relevant to the
209 order of restriction.
210 (b) The records requested under Subsection (1)(a) shall be provided as soon as
211 reasonably possible after the request is submitted to the health care provider or health care
212 facility, or as soon as reasonably possible after the health care provider or facility receives the
213 results of any relevant diagnostic testing of the individual.
214 (2) (a) The production of records under the provisions of this section is for the benefit
215 of the public health and safety of the citizens of the state. A health care provider or facility is
216 encouraged to provide copies of medical records or other records necessary to carry out the
217 purpose of this chapter free of charge.
218 (b) Notwithstanding the provisions of Subsection (2)(c), a health care facility that is a
219 state governmental entity shall provide medical records or other records necessary to carry out
220 the purposes of this chapter, free of charge.
221 (c) If a health care provider or health care facility does not provide medical records free
222 of charge under the provisions of Subsection (2)(a) or (b), the health care provider or facility
223 may charge a fee for the records that does not exceed the presumed reasonable charges
224 established for workers' compensation by administrative rule adopted by the Labor
226 (3) Medical records held by a court related to orders of restriction under this chapter
227 shall be sealed by the district court at the conclusion of the case.
228 Section 5. Section 26-6b-4 is amended to read:
229 26-6b-4. Judicial review by the district court -- Required notice -- Representation
230 by counsel -- Conduct of proceedings.
231 (1) The provisions of this section and Sections 26-6b-5 through 26-6b-7 apply if a
232 department issues an order for restriction, and:
233 (a) an individual subject to the order of restriction refuses to consent to the order of
235 (b) an individual subject to an order of restriction has withdrawn consent to an order of
236 restriction under the provisions of Subsection 26-6b-3.1 (1)(b)(iv)(B); or
237 (c) the department chooses to not attempt to obtain consent to an order of restriction
238 and files an action for judicial review of the order of restriction.
239 (2) (a) If the individual who is subject to an order of restriction is in custody, the
240 department, which is the petitioner, shall provide to the individual written notice of the petition
241 for judicial review of the order of restriction and hearings held pursuant to Sections 26-6b-5
242 through 26-6b-7 as soon as practicable, and shall send the notice to the legal guardian, legal
243 counsel for the parties involved, and any other persons and immediate adult family members
244 whom the individual or the district court designates. The notice shall advise these persons that
245 a hearing may be held within the time provided by this chapter.
246 (b) If the individual has refused to permit release of information necessary for the
247 provision of notice under this Subsection (2), the extent of notice shall be determined by the
248 district court.
249 (c) Notwithstanding the notice requirement in Subsection (2)(a), if the court determines
250 that written notice to each individual in a group of individuals subject to an order of restriction
251 is not practical considering the circumstances of the threat to public health, the court may order
252 the department to provide notice to the individual or group of individuals in a manner
253 determined by the court.
254 (3) (a) If the individual who is subject to an order of restriction is in custody, he shall
255 be afforded an opportunity to be represented by counsel. If neither the individual nor others
256 provide for counsel, the district court shall appoint counsel and allow counsel sufficient time to
257 consult with the individual prior to the hearing. If the individual is indigent, the payment of
258 reasonable [
259 made by the county in which the individual resides or was found.
260 (b) The [
262 to present and cross-examine witnesses. The district court may, in its discretion, receive the
263 testimony of any other individual.
264 (c) The district court may allow a waiver of the individual's right to appear only for
265 good cause shown, and that cause shall be made a part of the court record.
266 (d) The district court may order that the individual participate in the hearing by
267 telephonic or other electronic means if the individual's condition poses a health threat to those
268 who physically attend the hearing or to others if the individual is transported to the court.
269 (4) The district court may, in its discretion, order that the individual be moved to a
270 more appropriate treatment, quarantine, or isolation facility outside of its jurisdiction, and may
271 transfer the proceedings to any other district court within this state where venue is proper,
272 provided that the transfer will not be adverse to the legal interests of the individual.
273 (5) All persons to whom notice is required to be given may attend the hearings. The
274 district court may exclude from the hearing all persons not necessary for the conduct of the
276 (6) All hearings shall be conducted in as informal a manner as may be consistent with
277 orderly procedure, and in a physical setting that is not likely to have a harmful effect on the
278 health of the individual or others required to participate in the hearing.
279 (7) The district court shall receive all relevant and material evidence which is offered,
280 subject to Utah Rules of Evidence.
281 (8) The district court may order law enforcement to assist the petitioner in locating the
282 individuals subject to restriction and enforcing the order of restriction.
283 Section 6. Section 26-6b-5 is amended to read:
284 26-6b-5. Petition for judicial review of order of restriction -- Court-ordered
285 examination period.
286 (1) (a) A department may petition for a judicial review of the department's order of
287 restriction for an individual or group of individuals who are subject to restriction by filing a
288 written petition with the district court of the county in which the individual or group of
289 individuals reside or are located.
290 (b) (i) The county attorney for the county where the individual or group of individuals
291 reside or are located shall represent the local health department in any proceedings under this
293 (ii) The Office of the Attorney General shall represent the department when the
294 petitioner is the Department of Health in any proceedings under this chapter.
295 (2) The [
296 (a) written affidavit of the department stating:
297 (i) a belief the individual or group of individuals are subject to restriction;
298 (ii) a belief that the individual or group of individuals who are subject to restriction are
299 likely to fail to submit to examination, treatment, quarantine, or isolation if not immediately
301 (iii) this failure would pose a threat to the public health; and
302 (iv) the personal knowledge of the individual's or group of individuals' condition or the
303 circumstances that lead to that belief; and
304 (b) a written statement by a licensed physician indicating the physician finds the
305 individual or group of individuals are subject to restriction.
306 (3) The court shall issue an [
307 or group of individuals to submit to involuntary restriction to protect the public health if the
308 district court finds:
309 (a) there is a reasonable basis to believe that the individual's or group of individuals'
310 condition requires involuntary examination, quarantine, treatment, or isolation pending
311 examination and hearing; or
312 (b) the individual or group of individuals have refused to submit to examination by a
313 health professional as directed by the department or to voluntarily submit to examination,
314 treatment, quarantine, or isolation.
315 (4) If the individual or group of individuals who are subject to restriction are not in
316 custody, the court may make its determination and issue its [
317 in an ex parte hearing.
318 (5) At least 24 hours prior to the hearing required by Section 26-6b-6 , the department
319 which is the petitioner, shall report to the court, in writing, the opinion of qualified health care
321 (a) regarding whether the individual or group of individuals are infected by or
322 contaminated with:
323 (i) [
324 that [
325 (ii) [
326 infectious agent that [
327 (iii) [
328 poses a threat to public health; or
329 (iv) a condition that poses a threat to public health;
330 (b) that despite the exercise of reasonable diligence, the diagnostic studies have not
331 been completed;
332 (c) whether the individual or group of individuals have agreed to voluntarily comply
333 with necessary examination, treatment, quarantine, or isolation; and
334 (d) whether the petitioner believes the individual or group of individuals will comply
335 without court proceedings.
336 Section 7. Section 26-6b-6 is amended to read:
337 26-6b-6. Court determination for an order of restriction after examination
339 (1) The district court shall set a hearing regarding the involuntary order of restriction of
340 an individual or group of individuals, to be held within ten business days of the issuance of its
342 informs the district court prior to this hearing that the individual or group of individuals:
343 (a) are not subject to restriction; or
344 (b) have stipulated to the issuance of an order of restriction.
348 issuance of an order of restriction, the court may issue an order as provided in Subsection (6)
349 for those individuals without further hearing.
350 (3) (a) If the examination report required in Section 26-6b-5 proves the individual or
351 group of individuals are not subject to restriction, the court may without further hearing
352 terminate the proceedings and dismiss the petition.
353 (b) The court may, after a hearing at which the individual or group of individuals are
354 present in person or by telephonic or other electronic means and have had the opportunity to be
355 represented by counsel, extend its [
356 not to exceed 90 days, if the court has reason to believe the individual or group of individuals
357 are infected by or contaminated with:
358 (i) [
359 communicable disease that [
360 (ii) an infectious agent or possibly infectious agent that poses a threat to public health;
361 (iii) a chemical or biological agent that poses a threat to public health; or
363 health, but, despite the exercise of reasonable diligence the diagnostic studies have not been
365 (4) The petitioner shall, at the time of the hearing, provide the district court with the
366 following items, to the extent that they have been issued or are otherwise available:
367 (a) the order of restriction issued by the petitioner;
368 (b) admission notes if any individual was hospitalized; and
369 (c) medical records pertaining to the current order of restriction.
370 (5) The information provided to the court under Subsection (4) shall also be provided
371 to the individual's or group of individual's counsel at the time of the hearing, and at any time
372 prior to the hearing upon request of counsel.
373 (6) (a) The district court shall order the individual and each individual in a group of
374 individuals to submit to the order of restriction if, upon completion of the hearing and
375 consideration of the record, it finds by clear and convincing evidence that:
376 (i) the individual or group of individuals are infected with a communicable disease or
377 infectious agent, are contaminated with a chemical or biological agent, or are in a condition[
381 (ii) there is no appropriate and less restrictive alternative to a court order of
382 examination, quarantine, isolation, and treatment, or any of them;
383 (iii) the petitioner can provide the individual or group of individuals with treatment
384 that is adequate and appropriate to the individual's or group of individuals' conditions and
385 needs; and
386 (iv) it is in the public interest to order the individual or group of individuals to submit
387 to involuntary examination, quarantine, isolation, and treatment, or any of them after weighing
388 the following factors:
389 (A) the personal or religious beliefs, if any, of the individual that are opposed to
390 medical examination or treatment;
391 (B) the ability of the department to control the public health threat with treatment
392 alternatives that are requested by the individual;
393 (C) the economic impact for the department if the individual is permitted to use an
394 alternative to the treatment recommended by the department; and
395 (D) other relevant factors as determined by the court.
396 (b) If upon completion of the hearing the court does not find all of the conditions listed
397 in Subsection (6)(a) exist, the court shall immediately dismiss the petition.
398 (7) The order of restriction shall designate the period, subject to Subsection (8), for
399 which the individual or group of individuals shall be examined, treated, isolated, or
401 (8) (a) The order of restriction may not exceed six months without benefit of a district
402 court review hearing.
403 (b) The district court review hearing shall be held prior to the expiration of the order of
404 restriction issued under Subsection (7). At the review hearing the court may issue an order of
405 restriction for up to an indeterminate period, if the district court enters a written finding in the
406 record determining by clear and convincing evidence that the required conditions in Subsection
407 (6) will continue for an indeterminate period.
408 Section 8. Section 78A-5-102 is amended to read:
409 78A-5-102. Jurisdiction -- Appeals.
410 (1) The district court has original jurisdiction in all matters civil and criminal, not
411 excepted in the Utah Constitution and not prohibited by law.
412 (2) The district court judges may issue all extraordinary writs and other writs necessary
413 to carry into effect their orders, judgments, and decrees.
414 (3) The district court has jurisdiction over matters of lawyer discipline consistent with
415 the rules of the Supreme Court.
416 (4) The district court has jurisdiction over all matters properly filed in the circuit court
417 prior to July 1, 1996.
418 (5) The district court has appellate jurisdiction [
419 judgments and orders of the justice court as outlined in Section 78A-7-118 and [
420 claims [
421 (6) Appeals from the final orders, judgments, and decrees of the district court are under
422 Sections 78A-3-102 and 78A-4-103 .
423 (7) The district court has jurisdiction to review:
424 (a) agency adjudicative proceedings as set forth in Title 63, Chapter 46b,
425 Administrative Procedures Act, and shall comply with the requirements of that chapter, in its
426 review of agency adjudicative proceedings; and
427 (b) municipal administrative proceedings in accordance with Section 10-3-703.7 .
428 (8) Notwithstanding Subsection (1), the district court has subject matter jurisdiction in
429 class B misdemeanors, class C misdemeanors, infractions, and violations of ordinances only if:
430 (a) there is no justice court with territorial jurisdiction;
431 (b) the offense occurred within the boundaries of the municipality in which the district
432 courthouse is located and that municipality has not formed a justice court; or
433 (c) they are included in an indictment or information covering a single criminal episode
434 alleging the commission of a felony or a class A misdemeanor.
435 (9) If the district court has subject matter jurisdiction pursuant to Subsection (5) or (8),
436 it also has jurisdiction over offenses listed in Section 78A-7-106 even if those offenses are
437 committed by a person 16 years of age or older.
439 2, Child Protective Orders, if the juvenile court transfers the case to the district court.
440 Section 9. Section 78A-6-103 is amended to read:
441 78A-6-103. Jurisdiction of juvenile court -- Original -- Exclusive.
442 (1) Except as otherwise provided by law, the juvenile court has exclusive original
443 jurisdiction in proceedings concerning:
444 (a) a child who has violated any federal, state, or local law or municipal ordinance or a
445 person younger than 21 years of age who has violated any law or ordinance before becoming
446 18 years of age, regardless of where the violation occurred, excluding [
448 (b) a person 21 years of age or older who has failed or refused to comply with an order
449 of the juvenile court to pay a fine or restitution, if the order was imposed prior to the person's
450 21st birthday; however, the continuing jurisdiction is limited to causing compliance with
451 existing orders;
452 (c) a child who is an abused child, neglected child, or dependent child, as those terms
453 are defined in Section 78A-6-105 ;
454 (d) a protective order for a child pursuant to the provisions of Title 78B, Chapter 7,
455 Part 2, Child Protective Orders, which the juvenile court may transfer to the district court if the
456 juvenile court has entered an ex parte protective order and finds that:
457 (i) the petitioner and the respondent are the natural parent, adoptive parent, or step
458 parent of the child who is the object of the petition;
459 (ii) the district court has a petition pending or an order related to custody or parent-time
460 entered under Title 30, Chapter 3, Divorce, Title 78B, Chapter 7, Part 1, Cohabitant Abuse Act,
461 or Title 78B, Chapter 15, Utah Uniform Parentage Act, in which the petitioner and the
462 respondent are parties; and
463 (iii) the best interests of the child will be better served in the district court;
464 (e) appointment of a guardian of the person or other guardian of a minor who comes
465 within the court's jurisdiction under other provisions of this section;
466 (f) the emancipation of a minor in accordance with Part 8, Emancipation;
467 (g) the termination of the legal parent-child relationship in accordance with Part 5,
468 Termination of Parental Rights Act, including termination of residual parental rights and
470 (h) the treatment or commitment of a mentally retarded minor;
471 (i) a minor who is a habitual truant from school;
472 (j) the judicial consent to the marriage of a child under age 16 upon a determination of
473 voluntariness or where otherwise required by law, employment, or enlistment of a child when
474 consent is required by law;
475 (k) any parent or parents of a child committed to a secure youth corrections facility, to
476 order, at the discretion of the court and on the recommendation of a secure facility, the parent
477 or parents of a child committed to a secure facility for a custodial term, to undergo group
478 rehabilitation therapy under the direction of a secure facility therapist, who has supervision of
479 that parent's or parents' child, or any other therapist the court may direct, for a period directed
480 by the court as recommended by a secure facility;
481 (l) a minor under Title 55, Chapter 12, Interstate Compact for Juveniles;
482 (m) the treatment or commitment of a mentally ill child. The court may commit a child
483 to the physical custody of a local mental health authority in accordance with the procedures and
484 requirements of Title 62A, Chapter 15, Part 7, Commitment of Persons Under Age 18 to
485 Division of Substance Abuse and Mental Health. The court may not commit a child directly to
486 the Utah State Hospital;
487 (n) the commitment of a child in accordance with Section 62A-15-301 ;
488 (o) de novo review of final agency actions resulting from an informal adjudicative
489 proceeding as provided in Section 63-46b-15 ; and
490 (p) adoptions conducted in accordance with the procedures described in Title 78B,
491 Chapter 6, Part 1, Utah Adoption Act, when the juvenile court has previously entered an order
492 terminating the rights of a parent and finds that adoption is in the best interest of the child.
493 (2) [
494 78A-7-106 and Subsection 78A-5-102 (9), the juvenile court has exclusive jurisdiction over
498 committed by a child:
502 (a) Title 41, Chapter 6a, Part 5, Driving Under the Influence and Reckless Driving;
509 C misdemeanors, infractions, or violations of ordinances that are part of a single criminal
510 episode filed in a petition that contains an offense over which the court has jurisdiction.
512 who is referred to it by the Division of Child and Family Services or by public or private
513 agencies that contract with the division to provide services to that child where, despite earnest
514 and persistent efforts by the division or agency, the child has demonstrated that the child:
515 (a) is beyond the control of the child's parent, guardian, lawful custodian, or school
516 authorities to the extent that the child's behavior or condition endangers the child's own welfare
517 or the welfare of others; or
518 (b) has run away from home.
520 agencies or other persons.
522 arising under Section 78A-6-702 .
524 unsubstantiated, or without merit, in accordance with Section 78A-6-323 .
525 (7) The juvenile court has jurisdiction of matters transferred to it by another trial court
526 pursuant to Subsection 78A-5-102 (9) or 78A-7-106 (4).
527 Section 10. Section 78A-7-106 is amended to read:
528 78A-7-106. Jurisdiction.
529 (1) Justice courts have jurisdiction over class B and C misdemeanors, violation of
530 ordinances, and infractions committed within their territorial jurisdiction[
531 18 year of age or older.
532 (2) Except those offenses over which the juvenile court has exclusive jurisdiction[
533 justice courts have jurisdiction over the following class B and C misdemeanors, violation of
534 ordinances, and infractions committed within their territorial jurisdiction by a person 16 years
535 of age or older:
536 (a) Title 23, Wildlife Resources Code of Utah;
537 (b) Title 41, Chapter 1a, Motor Vehicle Act;
538 (c) Title 41, Chapter 6a, Traffic Code;
539 (d) Title 41, Chapter 12a, Motor Vehicle Financial Responsibility Act;
540 (e) Title 41, Chapter 22, Off-Highway Vehicles;
541 (f) Title 73, Chapter 18, Safe Boating Act;
542 (g) Title 73, Chapter 18a, Boating -- Litter and Pollution Control;
543 (h) Title 73, Chapter 18b, Water Safety; and
544 (i) Title 73, Chapter 18c, Financial Responsibility of Motorboat Owners and Operators
546 (3) Justice Courts have jurisdiction over class C misdemeanor violations of Title 53,
547 Chapter 3, Part 2, Driver Licensing Act.
549 8, Small Claims Courts, if the defendant resides in or the debt arose within the territorial
550 jurisdiction of the justice court.
551 (5) A justice court judge may transfer a matter in which the defendant is a child to the
552 juvenile court for further proceedings after judgment in the justice court.
553 Section 11. Section 78B-7-204 is amended to read:
554 78B-7-204. Content of order.
555 (1) A child protective order or an ex parte child protective order may contain the
556 following provisions the violation of which is a class A misdemeanor under Section 77-36-2.4 :
557 (a) enjoin the respondent from threatening to commit or committing abuse of the
559 (b) prohibit the respondent from harassing, telephoning, contacting, or otherwise
560 communicating with the minor, directly or indirectly;
561 (c) prohibit the respondent from entering or remaining upon the residence, school, or
562 place of employment of the minor and the premises of any of these or any specified place
563 frequented by the minor;
564 (d) upon finding that the respondent's use or possession of a weapon may pose a
565 serious threat of harm to the minor, prohibit the respondent from purchasing, using, or
566 possessing a firearm or other specified weapon; and
567 (e) determine ownership and possession of personal property and direct the appropriate
568 law enforcement officer to attend and supervise the petitioner's or respondent's removal of
569 personal property.
570 (2) A child protective order or an ex parte child protective order may contain the
571 following provisions the violation of which is contempt of court:
572 (a) determine temporary custody of a minor who is the subject of the petition;
573 (b) determine parent-time with a minor who is the subject of the petition, including
574 denial of parent-time if necessary to protect the safety of the minor, and require supervision of
575 parent-time by a third party;
576 (c) determine support in accordance with Title 78B, Chapter 12, Utah Child Support
577 Act; and
578 (d) order any further relief the court considers necessary to provide for the safety and
579 welfare of the minor.
580 (3) A child protective order and an ex parte child protective order shall include:
581 (a) a statement that violation of a criminal provision is a class A misdemeanor and
582 violation of a civil provision is contempt of court; and
583 (b) information the petitioner is able to provide to facilitate identification of the
584 respondent, such as Social Security number, driver license number, date of birth, address,
585 telephone number, and physical description.
586 (4) A child protective order shall include:
587 (a) the date the order expires;
592 available to the respondent; and
594 (c) the following statement: "Respondent was afforded notice and opportunity to be
595 heard in the hearing that gave rise to this order. Pursuant to the Violence Against Women Act
596 of 1994, P.L. 103-322, 108 Stat. 1796, 18 U.S.C.A. 2265, this order is valid in all the United
597 States, the District of Columbia, tribal lands, and United States territories. This order complies
598 with the Uniform Interstate Enforcement of Domestic Violence Protection Orders Act."
599 Section 12. Section 78B-7-205 is amended to read:
600 78B-7-205. Service -- Income withholding -- Expiration.
601 (1) If the court enters an ex parte child protective order or a child protective order, the
602 court shall:
603 (a) make reasonable efforts to ensure that the order is understood by the petitioner and
604 the respondent, if present;
605 (b) as soon as possible transmit the order to the county sheriff for service; and
606 (c) by the end of the next business day after the order is entered transmit a copy of the
607 order to any law enforcement agency designated by the petitioner and to the statewide domestic
608 violence network described in Section 78B-7-113 .
609 (2) The county sheriff shall serve the order and transmit verification of service to the
610 statewide domestic violence network described in Section 78B-7-113 in an expeditious
611 manner. Any law enforcement agency may serve the order and transmit verification of service
612 to the statewide domestic violence network if the law enforcement agency has contact with the
613 respondent or if service by that law enforcement agency is in the best interests of the child.
614 (3) When an order is served on a respondent in a jail, prison, or other holding facility,
615 the law enforcement agency managing the facility shall notify the petitioner of the respondent's
616 release. Notice to the petitioner consists of a prompt, good faith effort to provide notice,
617 including mailing the notice to the petitioner's last-known address.
618 (4) Child support orders issued as part of a child protective order are subject to
619 mandatory income withholding under Title 62A, Chapter 11, Part 4, Income Withholding in
620 IV-D Cases, and Title 62A, Chapter 11, Part 5, Income Withholding in Non IV-D Cases.
621 (5) After notice and hearing a court may modify or vacate a child protective order
622 without a showing of substantial and material change in circumstances, except that the criminal
623 provisions of the child protective order may not be vacated within two years of issuance unless
624 the petitioner:
625 (a) is personally served with notice of the hearing as provided in Rule 4, Utah Rules of
626 Civil Procedure, and the petitioner personally appears before the court and gives specific
627 consent to the vacation of the criminal provisions of the protective order; or
628 (b) submits a verified affidavit, stating agreement to the vacation of the criminal
629 provisions of the protective order.
630 (6) The [
631 the date of the order unless a different date is set by the court. The court may not set a date
632 more than 150 days after the date of the order without a finding of good cause. The court may
633 review and extend the expiration date, but may not extend it to more than 150 days after the
634 date of the order without a finding of good cause.
635 (7) Notwithstanding Subsections (5) and (6), unless the judge orders otherwise all child
636 protective orders expire when the subject of the order is 18 years of age, unless the judge
637 vacates the order earlier.
638 Section 13. Section 78B-12-210 is amended to read:
639 78B-12-210. Application of guidelines -- Use of ordered child support.
640 (1) The guidelines in this chapter apply to any judicial or administrative order
641 establishing or modifying an award of child support entered on or after July 1, 1989.
642 (2) (a) The guidelines shall be applied as a rebuttable presumption in establishing or
643 modifying the amount of temporary or permanent child support.
644 (b) The rebuttable presumption means the provisions and considerations required by
645 the guidelines, the award amounts resulting from the application of the guidelines, and the use
646 of worksheets consistent with these guidelines are presumed to be correct, unless rebutted
647 under the provisions of this section.
648 (3) A written finding or specific finding on the record supporting the conclusion that
649 complying with a provision of the guidelines or ordering an award amount resulting from use
650 of the guidelines would be unjust, inappropriate, or not in the best interest of a child in a
651 particular case is sufficient to rebut the presumption in that case. If an order rebuts the
652 presumption through findings, it is considered a deviated order.
653 (4) The following shall be considered deviations from the guidelines, if:
654 (a) the order includes a written finding that it is a deviation from the guidelines;
655 (b) the guidelines worksheet has:
656 (i) the box checked for a deviation; and
657 (ii) an explanation as to the reason; or
658 (c) the deviation is made because there were more children than provided for in the
659 guidelines table.
660 (5) If the amount in the order and the amount on the guidelines worksheet differ by $10
661 or more:
662 (a) the order is considered deviated; and
663 (b) the incomes listed on the worksheet may not be used in adjusting support for
665 (6) (a) Natural or adoptive children of either parent who live in the home of that parent
666 and are not children in common to both parties may at the option of either party be taken into
667 account under the guidelines in setting or modifying a child support award, as provided in
668 Subsection (7). Credit may not be given if:
669 (i) by giving credit to the obligor, children for whom a prior support order exists would
670 have their child support reduced; or
671 (ii) by giving credit to the obligee for a present family, the obligation of the obligor
672 would increase.
673 (b) Additional worksheets shall be prepared that compute the obligations of the
674 respective parents for the additional children. The obligations shall then be subtracted from the
675 appropriate parent's income before determining the award in the instant case.
676 (7) In a proceeding to adjust or modify an existing award, consideration of natural or
677 adoptive children born after entry of the order and who are not in common to both parties may
678 be applied to mitigate an increase in the award but may not be applied:
679 (a) for the benefit of the obligee if the credit would increase the support obligation of
680 the obligor from the most recent order; or
681 (b) for the benefit of the obligor if the amount of support received by the obligee would
682 be decreased from the most recent order.
683 (8) (a) If a child support order has not been issued or modified within the previous
684 three years, a parent, legal guardian, or the office may move the court to adjust the amount of a
685 child support order.
686 (b) Upon receiving a motion under Subsection (8)(a), the court shall, taking into
687 account the best interests of the child:
688 (i) determine whether there is a difference between the payor's ordered support amount
689 and the payor's support amount that would be required under the guidelines; and
690 (ii) if there is a difference as described in Subsection (8)(b)(i), adjust the payor's
691 ordered support amount to the payor's support amount provided in the guidelines if:
692 (A) the difference is 10% or more;
693 (B) the difference is not of a temporary nature; and
694 (C) the order adjusting the payor's ordered support amount does not deviate from the
696 (c) A showing of a substantial change in circumstances is not necessary for an
697 adjustment under this Subsection (8).
698 (9) (a) A parent, legal guardian, or the office may at any time petition the court to
699 adjust the amount of a child support order if there has been a substantial change in
700 circumstances. A change in the base combined child support obligation table set forth in
701 Section 78B-12-301 is not a substantial change in circumstances for the purposes of this
702 Subsection (9).
703 (b) For purposes of this Subsection (9), a substantial change in circumstances may
705 (i) material changes in custody;
706 (ii) material changes in the relative wealth or assets of the parties;
707 (iii) material changes of 30% or more in the income of a parent;
708 (iv) material changes in the employment potential and ability of a parent to earn;
709 (v) material changes in the medical needs of the child; or
710 (vi) material changes in the legal responsibilities of either parent for the support of
712 (c) Upon receiving a petition under Subsection (9)(a), the court shall, taking into
713 account the best interests of the child:
714 (i) determine whether a substantial change has occurred;
715 (ii) if a substantial change has occurred, determine whether the change results in a
716 difference of 15% or more between the payor's ordered support amount and the payor's support
717 amount that would be required under the guidelines; and
718 (iii) adjust the payor's ordered support amount to that which is provided for in the
719 guidelines if:
720 (A) there is a difference of 15% or more; and
721 (B) the difference is not of a temporary nature.
722 (10) Notice of the opportunity to adjust a support order under Subsections (8) and (9)
723 shall be included in each child support order.
724 Section 14. Repealer.
725 This bill repeals:
726 Section 78A-7-107, Jurisdiction of justice court and juvenile court.
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