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First Substitute S.B. 238

Senator Jon J. Greiner proposes the following substitute bill:


             1     
AQUATIC INVASIVE SPECIES

             2     
INTERDICTION ACT

             3     
2008 GENERAL SESSION

             4     
STATE OF UTAH

             5     
Chief Sponsor: Jon J. Greiner

             6     
House Sponsor: Stephen H. Urquhart

             7     
             8      LONG TITLE
             9      General Description:
             10          This bill amends and enacts provisions relating to the interdiction of invasive species.
             11      Highlighted Provisions:
             12          This bill:
             13          .    defines terms;
             14          .    prohibits the possession, release, or transportation of a Dreissena mussel;
             15          .    prohibits the transporting of a conveyance or equipment that has been in an infested
             16      water without decontaminating the conveyance or equipment;
             17          .    requires a person who violates the chapter to reimburse the state's costs;
             18          .    establishes criminal penalties;
             19          .    authorizes the Division of Wildlife Resources to:
             20              .    stop, detain, inspect, impound, or quarantine a vehicle or vessel that may
             21      contain a Dreissena mussel;
             22              .    conduct an administrative checkpoint;
             23              .    order a person to decontaminate a vessel or vehicle; and
             24              .    inspect, restrict access to, or close a water body, facility, or water supply system;
             25          .    prohibits the Division of Wildlife Resources from closing or quarantining a water


             26      supply system if a plan is implemented;
             27          .    requires the Division of Wildlife Resources to consult with an operator of a water
             28      body, facility, or water supply system;
             29          .    requires a water supply system to cooperate with the Division of Wildlife Resources
             30      and implement a plan if infected with the Dreissena mussel;
             31          .    requires a person to report the discovery of a Dreissena mussel to the Division of
             32      Wildlife Resources;
             33          .    authorizes the Wildlife Board to make rules; and
             34          .    authorizes the division, a peace officer, or a port-of-entry agent to stop a driver at a
             35      port-of-entry to check for invasive aquatic wildlife species.
             36      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             37          None
             38      Other Special Clauses:
             39          None
             40      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             41      AMENDS:
             42          72-9-501, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2005, Chapter 2
             43      ENACTS:
             44          23-27-101, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             45          23-27-102, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             46          23-27-201, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             47          23-27-202, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             48          23-27-301, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             49          23-27-302, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             50          23-27-303, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             51          23-27-401, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             52     
             53      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             54          Section 1. Section 23-27-101 is enacted to read:
             55     
CHAPTER 27. AQUATIC INVASIVE SPECIES INTERDICTION ACT

             56     
Part 1. General Provisions


             57          23-27-101. Title.
             58          This chapter is known as the "Aquatic Invasive Species Interdiction Act."
             59          Section 2. Section 23-27-102 is enacted to read:
             60          23-27-102. Definitions.
             61          As used in this chapter:
             62          (1) "Board" means the Wildlife Board.
             63          (2) (a) "Conveyance" means a terrestrial or aquatic vehicle or a vehicle part that may
             64      carry or contain a Dreissena mussel.
             65          (b) "Conveyance" includes a motor vehicle, a vessel, a motorboat, a sailboat, a personal
             66      watercraft, a container, a trailer, a live well, or a bilge area.
             67          (3) "Director" means the director of the division.
             68          (4) "Decontaminate" means to:
             69          (a) drain and dry all non-treated water; and
             70          (b) chemically or thermally treat in accordance with rule.
             71          (5) "Division " means the Division of Wildlife Resources.
             72          (6) "Dreissena mussel" means a mussel of the genus Dreissena at any life stage,
             73      including a zebra mussel, a quagga mussel, and Conrad's false mussel.
             74          (7) "Equipment" means an article, tool, implement, or device capable of carrying or
             75      containing:
             76          (a) water; or
             77          (b) a Dreissena mussel.
             78          (8) "Executive director" means the executive director of the Department of Natural
             79      Resources.
             80          (9) "Facility" means a structure that is located within or adjacent to a water body.
             81          (10) "Infested water" means a geographic region, water body, facility, or water supply
             82      system within or outside the state that the board identifies in rule as carrying or containing a
             83      Dreissena mussel.
             84          (11) "Water body" means natural or impounded surface water, including a stream,
             85      river, spring, lake, reservoir, pond, wetland, tank, and fountain.
             86          (12) (a) "Water supply system" means a system that treats, conveys, or distributes
             87      water for irrigation, industrial, waste water treatment, or culinary use.


             88          (b) "Water supply system" includes a pump, canal, ditch, or pipeline.
             89          (c) "Water supply system" does not include a water body.
             90          Section 3. Section 23-27-201 is enacted to read:
             91     
Part 2. Invasive Species Prohibited

             92          23-27-201. Invasive species prohibited.
             93          (1) Except as authorized in this title or a board rule or order, a person may not:
             94          (a) possess, import, export, ship, or transport a Dreissena mussel;
             95          (b) release, place, plant, or cause to be released, placed, or planted a Dreissena mussel
             96      in a water body, facility, or water supply system; or
             97          (c) transport a conveyance or equipment that has been in an infested water within the
             98      previous 30 days without decontaminating the conveyance or equipment.
             99          (2) A person who violates Subsection (1):
             100          (a) is strictly liable;
             101          (b) is guilty of an infraction; and
             102          (c) shall reimburse the state for all costs associated with detaining, quarantining, and
             103      decontaminating the conveyance or equipment.
             104          (3) A person who knowingly or intentionally violates Subsection (1) is guilty of a class
             105      A misdemeanor.
             106          Section 4. Section 23-27-202 is enacted to read:
             107          23-27-202. Reporting of invasive species required.
             108          (1) A person who discovers a Dreissena mussel within this state or has reason to
             109      believe a Dreissena mussel may exist at a specific location shall immediately report the
             110      discovery to the division.
             111          (2) A person who violates Subsection (1) is guilty of a class A misdemeanor.
             112          Section 5. Section 23-27-301 is enacted to read:
             113     
Part 3. Enforcement

             114          23-27-301. Division's power to prevent invasive species infestation.
             115          To eradicate and prevent the infestation of a Dreissena mussel, the division may:
             116          (1) temporarily stop, detain, and inspect a conveyance or equipment that:
             117          (a) the division reasonably believes is in violation of Section 23-27-201 ; or
             118          (b) is stopped at a port-of-entry;


             119          (2) require a motor vehicle transporting a conveyance or equipment to stop for an
             120      inspection at a port-of-entry if the Department of Transportation authorizes the division to use
             121      the port of entry;
             122          (3) conduct an administrative checkpoint in accordance with Section 77-23-104 ;
             123          (4) detain and quarantine a conveyance or equipment as provided in Section
             124      23-27-302 ;
             125          (5) order a person to decontaminate a conveyance or equipment; and
             126          (6) inspect the following that may contain a Dreissena mussel:
             127          (a) a water body;
             128          (b) a facility; and
             129          (c) a water supply system.
             130          Section 6. Section 23-27-302 is enacted to read:
             131          23-27-302. Conveyance or equipment detainment or quarantine.
             132          (1) The division, a port-of-entry agent, or a peace officer may detain or quarantine a
             133      conveyance or equipment if:
             134          (a) the division, agent, or peace officer:
             135          (i) finds the conveyance or equipment contains a Dreissena mussel; or
             136          (ii) reasonably believes that the person transporting the conveyance or equipment is in
             137      violation of Section 23-27-201 ; or
             138          (b) the person transporting the conveyance or equipment refuses to submit to an
             139      inspection authorized by Section 23-27-301 .
             140          (2) The detainment or quarantine authorized by Subsection (1) may continue for:
             141          (a) up to five days; or
             142          (b) the period of time necessary to:
             143          (i) decontaminate the conveyance or equipment; and
             144          (ii) ensure that a Dreissena mussel is not living on or in the conveyance or equipment.
             145          Section 7. Section 23-27-303 is enacted to read:
             146          23-27-303. Closing a water body, facility, or water supply system.
             147          (1) Except as provided by Subsection (6), if the division detects or suspects a Dreissena
             148      mussel is present in a water body, a facility, or a water supply system, the director or the
             149      director's designee may, with the concurrence of the executive director, order:


             150          (a) the water body, facility, or water supply system closed to a conveyance or
             151      equipment;
             152          (b) restricted access by a conveyance or equipment to a water body, facility, or water
             153      supply system; or
             154          (c) a conveyance or equipment that is removed from or introduced to the water body,
             155      facility, or water supply system to be inspected, quarantined, or decontaminated in a manner
             156      and for a duration necessary to detect and prevent the infestation of a Dreissena mussel.
             157          (2) If a closure authorized by Subsection (1) lasts longer than seven days, the division
             158      shall:
             159          (a) provide a written update to the operator of the water body, facility, or water supply
             160      system every ten days on the division's effort to address the Dreissena infestation; and
             161          (b) post the update on the division's website.
             162          (3) (a) The board shall develop procedures to ensure proper notification of a state,
             163      federal, or local agency that is affected by a Dreissena mussel infestation.
             164          (b) The notification shall include:
             165          (i) the reasons for the closure, quarantine, or restriction; and
             166          (ii) methods for providing updated information to the agency.
             167          (4) When deciding the scope, duration, level, and type of restriction or a quarantine or
             168      closure location, the director shall consult with the person with the jurisdiction, control, or
             169      management responsibility over the water body, facility, or water supply system to avoid or
             170      minimize disruption of economic and recreational activity.
             171          (5) (a) A person that operates a water supply system shall cooperate with the division
             172      to implement a measure to:
             173          (i) avoid infestation by a Dreissena mussel; and
             174          (ii) control or eradicate a Dreissena mussel infestation that may occur in a water supply
             175      system.
             176          (b) (i) If a Dreissena mussel is detected, the water supply system's operator, in
             177      cooperation with the division, shall prepare and implement a plan to control or eradicate a
             178      Dreissena mussel within the water supply system.
             179          (ii) A plan required by Subsection (5)(b)(i) shall include a:
             180          (A) method for determining the scope and extent of the infestation;


             181          (B) method to control or eradicate the Dreissena mussel;
             182          (C) method to decontaminate the water supply system containing the Dreissena mussel;
             183          (D) systematic monitoring program to determine a change in the infestation; and
             184          (E) requirement to update or revise the plan in conformity with a scientific advance in
             185      the method of controlling or eradicating a Dreissena mussel.
             186          (6) (a) The division may not close or quarantine a water supply system if the operator
             187      has prepared and implemented a plan to control or eradicate a Dreissena mussel in accordance
             188      with Subsection (5).
             189          (b) (i) The division may require the operator to update a plan.
             190          (ii) If the operator fails to update or revise a plan, the division may close or quarantine
             191      the water supply system in accordance with this section.
             192          Section 8. Section 23-27-401 is enacted to read:
             193     
Part 4. Administration

             194          23-27-401. Rulemaking authority.
             195          In accordance with Title 63, Chapter 46a, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act, the
             196      board may make rules that:
             197          (1) establish the procedures and requirements for decontaminating a conveyance or
             198      equipment to prevent the introduction and infestation of a Dreissena mussel;
             199          (2) establish the requirements necessary to provide proof that a conveyance or
             200      equipment is decontaminated;
             201          (3) establish the notification procedures required in Section 23-27-303 ;
             202          (4) identify the geographic area, water body, facility, or water supply system that is
             203      infested by Dreissena mussels;
             204          (5) establish a procedure and protocol in cooperation with the Department of
             205      Transportation for stopping, inspecting, detaining and decontaminating a conveyance or
             206      equipment at a port-of-entry in accordance with Section 23-27-301 ; and
             207          (6) are necessary to administer and enforce the provisions of this chapter.
             208          Section 9. Section 72-9-501 is amended to read:
             209           72-9-501. Construction, operation, and maintenance of ports-of-entry by the
             210      department -- Function of ports-of-entry -- Checking and citation powers of port-of-entry
             211      agents.


             212          (1) (a) The department shall construct ports-of-entry for the purpose of checking motor
             213      carriers, drivers, vehicles, and vehicle loads for compliance with state and federal laws
             214      including laws relating to:
             215          (i) driver qualifications;
             216          (ii) Title 53, Chapter 3, Part 4, Uniform Commercial Driver License Act;
             217          (iii) vehicle registration;
             218          (iv) fuel tax payment;
             219          (v) vehicle size, weight, and load;
             220          (vi) security or insurance;
             221          (vii) this chapter;
             222          (viii) hazardous material as defined under 49 U.S.C. 5102;
             223          (ix) livestock transportation; and
             224          (x) safety.
             225          (b) The ports-of-entry shall be located on state highways at sites determined by the
             226      department.
             227          (2) (a) The ports-of-entry shall be operated and maintained by the department.
             228          (b) A port-of-entry agent or a peace officer may check, inspect, or test drivers, vehicles,
             229      and vehicle loads for compliance with state and federal laws specified in Subsection (1).
             230          (3) (a) A port-of-entry agent or a peace officer, in whose presence an offense described
             231      in this section is committed, may:
             232          (i) issue and deliver a misdemeanor or infraction citation under Section 77-7-18 ;
             233          (ii) request and administer chemical tests to determine blood alcohol concentration in
             234      compliance with Section 41-6a-515 ;
             235          (iii) place a driver out-of-service in accordance with Section 53-3-417 ; and
             236          (iv) serve a driver with notice of the Driver License Division of the Department of
             237      Public Safety's intention to disqualify the driver's privilege to drive a commercial motor vehicle
             238      in accordance with Section 53-3-418 .
             239          (b) This section does not grant actual arrest powers as defined in Section 77-7-1 to a
             240      port-of-entry agent who is not a peace officer or special function officer designated under Title
             241      53, Chapter 13, Peace Officer Classifications.
             242          (4) (a) A port-of-entry agent, a peace officer, or the Division of Wildlife Resources


             243      may inspect, detain, or quarantine a conveyance or equipment in accordance with Sections
             244      23-27-301 and 23-27-302 .
             245          (b) The department is not responsible for decontaminating a conveyance or equipment
             246      detained or quarantined.
             247          (c) The Division of Wildlife Resources may decontaminate, as defined in Section
             248      23-27-102 , a conveyance or equipment at the port-of-entry if authorized by the department.


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