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S.B. 81

             1     

ILLEGAL IMMIGRATION

             2     
2008 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Chief Sponsor: John W. Hickman

             5     
House Sponsor: ____________

             6     
             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill deals with provisions related to the immigration status of individuals within
             10      the state.
             11      Highlighted Provisions:
             12          This bill:
             13          .    requires a county sheriff to make a reasonable effort to determine the citizenship
             14      status of a person confined to a county jail for a period of time and to verify the
             15      immigration status of a confined foreign national, and makes it a rebuttable
             16      presumption, for the purpose of determining the grant or issuance of a bond, that a
             17      person verified by the sheriff's efforts as a foreign national not lawfully admitted
             18      into the United States is at risk of flight;
             19          .    provides that the Alcoholic Beverage Control Commission may not grant a
             20      restaurant liquor license or private club license to a person who is not lawfully
             21      present in the United States;
             22          .    restricts the exemption from paying the nonresident portion of total tuition at a state
             23      institution of higher education to students without lawful immigration status who
             24      meet certain statutory prerequisites and register as an entering student at the
             25      institution prior to May 1, 2010;
             26          .    provides that an individual who is not lawfully present in the United States is not
             27      eligible on the basis of residence within the state for a higher education benefit, to


             28      include scholarships, financial aid, and resident tuition, with one temporary exception;
             29          .    provides for the withholding of state income tax at the top rate from an independent
             30      contractor who fails to provide documentation to the contracting entity that verifies
             31      the independent contractor's employment authorization pursuant to the prohibition
             32      against the use of unauthorized alien labor;
             33          .    provides for the creation and issuance of identification documents and requires that
             34      those identification documents issued by public entities go only to United States
             35      citizens, nationals, or legal permanent resident aliens with certain exceptions;
             36          .    provides for exceptions to the issuance of identification documents by public
             37      entities based on valid documentation of certain approved or pending immigration
             38      status and places time period restrictions on the length of validity of the documents;
             39          .    requires public employers to register with and use a Status Verification System to
             40      verify the federal authorization status of a new employee;
             41          .    beginning July 1, 2009, provides that a public employer may not enter into a
             42      contract for the physical performance of services within the state with a contractor
             43      unless the contractor registers and participates in the Status Verification System to
             44      verify the work eligibility status of the contractor's new employees;
             45          .    identifies as a discriminatory employment practice the discharging of a lawful
             46      employee while retaining an unauthorized alien in the same job category;
             47          .    requires an agency or political subdivision of the state to verify the lawful presence
             48      in the United States of an individual who has applied for a state or local public
             49      benefit, as defined by federal law, or a federal public benefit that is administered by
             50      the agency or the political subdivision and provides for exceptions;
             51          .    requires an applicant for a state or local public benefit to execute an affidavit
             52      attesting to the applicant's lawful presence in the United States, and provides
             53      penalties for making a false, fictitious, or fraudulent statement or representation in
             54      the affidavit;
             55          .    provides, subject to the availability of funding, for the establishment of a Fraudulent
             56      Documents Identification Unit by the attorney general for the primary purpose of
             57      investigating, apprehending, and prosecuting individuals who participate in the sale
             58      or distribution of fraudulent identification documents created and prepared for


             59      individuals who are unlawfully residing within the state;
             60          .    requires the attorney general to negotiate a Memorandum of Understanding with the
             61      United States Department of Justice or the United States Department of Homeland
             62      Security for the enforcement of federal immigration and customs laws within the
             63      state by state and local law enforcement personnel;
             64          .    prohibits a unit of local government from enacting an ordinance or policy that limits
             65      or prohibits a law enforcement officer or government employee from
             66      communicating or cooperating with federal officials regarding the immigration
             67      status of a person within the state; and
             68          .    makes it a class A misdemeanor for a person to:
             69              .    transport in this state an alien, knowing that the alien is in the United States in
             70      violation of federal law, in furtherance of the illegal presence in the United
             71      States; or
             72              .    conceal, harbor, or shelter from detection an alien, in a place within this state,
             73      knowing or in reckless disregard of the fact that the alien is in the United States
             74      in violation of federal law.
             75      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             76          None
             77      Other Special Clauses:
             78          This bill coordinates with H.B. 63, Recodification of Title 63 State Affairs in General,
             79      by providing technical renumbering.
             80      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             81      AMENDS:
             82          32A-4-103, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2003, Chapter 314
             83          32A-5-103, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2003, Chapter 314
             84          53B-8-106, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2002, Chapter 230
             85      ENACTS:
             86          17-22-9.5, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             87          53B-8-106.5, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             88          59-10-409, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             89          63-99a-101, Utah Code Annotated 1953


             90          63-99a-102, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             91          63-99a-103, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             92          63-99a-104, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             93          67-5-22.5, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             94          67-5-26, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             95          76-10-2701, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             96     
             97      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             98          Section 1. Section 17-22-9.5 is enacted to read:
             99          17-22-9.5. Citizenship determination of incarcerated persons.
             100          (1) The sheriff shall make a reasonable effort to determine the citizenship status of a
             101      person charged with a felony or driving under the influence under Section 41-6a-502 when the
             102      person is confined to the county jail for a period of time.
             103          (2) If the confined person is a foreign national, the sheriff shall make a reasonable
             104      effort to verify that the person:
             105          (a) has been lawfully admitted into the United States; and
             106          (b) the person's lawful status has not expired.
             107          (3) (a) If the sheriff cannot verify the confined person's lawful status from documents
             108      in the person's possession, the sheriff shall attempt to verify that status within 48 hours of the
             109      person's confinement at the jail through contacting:
             110          (i) the Law Enforcement Support Center of the United States Department of Homeland
             111      Security; or
             112          (ii) an office or agency designated for citizenship status verification by the United
             113      States Department of Homeland Security.
             114          (b) The sheriff shall notify the United States Department of Homeland Security of a
             115      person whose lawful citizenship status cannot be verified under Subsection (2) or (3)(a).
             116          (4) It is a rebuttable presumption for the purpose of determining the grant or issuance
             117      of a bond that a person who is verified under this section as a foreign national not lawfully
             118      admitted into the United States is at risk of flight.
             119          Section 2. Section 32A-4-103 is amended to read:
             120           32A-4-103. Qualifications.


             121          (1) (a) The commission may not grant a restaurant liquor license to any person who has
             122      been convicted of:
             123          (i) a felony under [any] a federal or state law;
             124          (ii) [any] a violation of [any] a federal or state law or local ordinance concerning the
             125      sale, manufacture, distribution, warehousing, adulteration, or transportation of alcoholic
             126      beverages;
             127          (iii) [any] a crime involving moral turpitude; or
             128          (iv) on two or more occasions within the five years before the day on which the license
             129      is granted, driving under the influence of alcohol, [any] a drug, or the combined influence of
             130      alcohol and [any] a drug.
             131          (b) In the case of a partnership, corporation, or limited liability company the
             132      proscription under Subsection (1)(a) applies if any of the following has been convicted of [any]
             133      an offense described in Subsection (1)(a):
             134          (i) a partner;
             135          (ii) a managing agent;
             136          (iii) a manager;
             137          (iv) an officer;
             138          (v) a director;
             139          (vi) a stockholder who holds at least 20% of the total issued and outstanding stock of
             140      the applicant corporation; or
             141          (vii) a member who owns at least 20% of the applicant limited liability company.
             142          (c) The proscription under Subsection (1)(a) applies if [any] a person employed to act
             143      in a supervisory or managerial capacity for a restaurant has been convicted of [any] an offense
             144      described in Subsection (1)(a).
             145          (2) The commission may immediately suspend or revoke a restaurant liquor license if
             146      after the day on which the restaurant liquor license is granted, a person described in Subsection
             147      (1)(a), (b), or (c):
             148          (a) is found to have been convicted of [any] an offense described in Subsection (1)(a)
             149      prior to the license being granted; or
             150          (b) on or after the day on which the license is granted:
             151          (i) is convicted of an offense described in Subsection (1)(a)(i), (ii), or (iii); or


             152          (ii) (A) is convicted of driving under the influence of alcohol, [any] a drug, or the
             153      combined influence of alcohol and [any] a drug; and
             154          (B) was convicted of driving under the influence of alcohol, [any] a drug, or the
             155      combined influence of alcohol and [any] a drug within five years before the day on which the
             156      person is convicted of the offense described in Subsection (2)(b)(ii)(A).
             157          (3) The director may take emergency action by immediately suspending the operation
             158      of a restaurant liquor license according to the procedures and requirements of Title 63, Chapter
             159      46b, Administrative Procedures Act, for the period during which the criminal matter is being
             160      adjudicated if a person described in Subsection (1)(a), (b), or (c):
             161          (a) is arrested on a charge for an offense described in Subsection (1)(a)(i), (ii), or (iii);
             162      or
             163          (b) (i) is arrested on a charge for the offense of driving under the influence of alcohol,
             164      [any] a drug, or the combined influence of alcohol and [any] a drug; and
             165          (ii) was convicted of driving under the influence of alcohol, [any] a drug, or the
             166      combined influence of alcohol and [any] a drug within five years before the day on which the
             167      person is arrested on a charge described in Subsection (3)(b)(i).
             168          (4) (a) (i) The commission may not grant a restaurant liquor license to [any] a person
             169      who has had any type of license, agency, or permit issued under this title revoked within the
             170      last three years.
             171          (ii) The commission may not grant a restaurant liquor license to an applicant that is a
             172      partnership, corporation, or limited liability company if [any] a partner, managing agent,
             173      manager, officer, director, stockholder who holds at least 20% of the total issued and
             174      outstanding stock of the applicant corporation, or member who owns at least 20% of the
             175      applicant limited liability company is or was:
             176          (A) a partner or managing agent of [any] a partnership that had any type of license,
             177      agency, or permit issued under this title revoked within the last three years;
             178          (B) a managing agent, officer, director, or stockholder who holds or held at least 20%
             179      of the total issued and outstanding stock of [any] a corporation that had any type of license,
             180      agency, or permit issued under this title revoked within the last three years; or
             181          (C) a manager or member who owns or owned at least 20% of [any] a limited liability
             182      company that had any type of license, agency, or permit issued under this title revoked within


             183      the last three years.
             184          (b) An applicant that is a partnership, corporation, or limited liability company may not
             185      be granted a restaurant liquor license if any of the following had any type of license, agency, or
             186      permit issued under this title revoked while acting in that person's individual capacity within
             187      the last three years:
             188          (i) a partner or managing agent of the applicant partnership;
             189          (ii) [any] a managing agent, officer, director, or stockholder who holds at least 20% of
             190      the total issued and outstanding stock of the applicant corporation; or
             191          (iii) a manager or member who owns at least 20% of the applicant limited liability
             192      company.
             193          (c) A person acting in an individual capacity may not be granted a restaurant liquor
             194      license if that person was:
             195          (i) a partner or managing agent of a partnership that had any type of license, agency, or
             196      permit issued under this title revoked within the last three years;
             197          (ii) a managing agent, officer, director, or stockholder who held at least 20% of the
             198      total issued and outstanding stock of a corporation that had any type of license, agency, or
             199      permit issued under this title revoked within the last three years; or
             200          (iii) a manager or member of a limited liability company who owned at least 20% of
             201      the limited liability company that had any type of license, agency, or permit issued under this
             202      title revoked within the last three years.
             203          (5) (a) A minor may not be granted a restaurant liquor license.
             204          (b) The commission may not grant a restaurant liquor license to an applicant that is a
             205      partnership, corporation, or limited liability company if any of the following is a minor:
             206          (i) a partner or managing agent of the applicant partnership;
             207          (ii) a managing agent, officer, director, or stockholder who holds at least 20% of the
             208      total issued and outstanding stock of the applicant corporation; or
             209          (iii) a manager or member who owns at least 20% of the applicant limited liability
             210      company.
             211          (6) If [any] a person to whom a license has been issued under this part no longer
             212      possesses the qualifications required by this title for obtaining that license, the commission
             213      may suspend or revoke that license.


             214          (7) The commission may not grant a restaurant liquor license to an applicant who is not
             215      lawfully present in the United States.
             216          Section 3. Section 32A-5-103 is amended to read:
             217           32A-5-103. Qualifications.
             218          (1) (a) The commission may not grant a private club license to [any] a person who has
             219      been convicted of:
             220          (i) a felony under [any] a federal or state law;
             221          (ii) [any] a violation of [any] a federal or state law or local ordinance concerning the
             222      sale, manufacture, distribution, warehousing, adulteration, or transportation of alcoholic
             223      beverages;
             224          (iii) [any] a crime involving moral turpitude; or
             225          (iv) on two or more occasions within the five years before the day on which the license
             226      is granted, driving under the influence of alcohol, [any] a drug, or the combined influence of
             227      alcohol and [any] a drug.
             228          (b) In the case of a partnership, corporation, or limited liability company, the
             229      proscription under Subsection (1)(a) applies if any of the following has been convicted of [any]
             230      an offense described in Subsection (1)(a):
             231          (i) a partner;
             232          (ii) a managing agent;
             233          (iii) a manager;
             234          (iv) an officer;
             235          (v) a director;
             236          (vi) a stockholder who holds at least 20% of the total issued and outstanding stock of
             237      the applicant corporation; or
             238          (vii) a member who owns at least 20% of the applicant limited liability company.
             239          (c) The proscription under Subsection (1)(a) applies if [any] a person employed to act
             240      in a supervisory or managerial capacity for a private club has been convicted of [any] an
             241      offense described in Subsection (1)(a).
             242          (2) The commission may immediately suspend or revoke a private club license if after
             243      the day on which the private club license is granted, a person described in Subsection (1)(a),
             244      (b), or (c):


             245          (a) is found to have been convicted of [any] an offense described in Subsection (1)(a)
             246      prior to the license being granted; or
             247          (b) on or after the day on which the license is granted:
             248          (i) is convicted of an offense described in Subsection (1)(a)(i), (ii), or (iii); or
             249          (ii) (A) is convicted of driving under the influence of alcohol, [any] a drug, or the
             250      combined influence of alcohol and [any] a drug; and
             251          (B) was convicted of driving under the influence of alcohol, [any] a drug, or the
             252      combined influence of alcohol and [any] a drug within five years before the day on which the
             253      person is convicted of the offense described in Subsection (2)(b)(ii)(A).
             254          (3) The director may take emergency action by immediately suspending the operation
             255      of a private club license according to the procedures and requirements of Title 63, Chapter 46b,
             256      Administrative Procedures Act, for the period during which the criminal matter is being
             257      adjudicated if a person described in Subsection (1)(a), (b), or (c):
             258          (a) is arrested on a charge for [any] an offense described in Subsection (1)(a)(i), (ii), or
             259      (iii); or
             260          (b) (i) is arrested on a charge for the offense of driving under the influence of alcohol,
             261      [any] a drug, or the combined influence of alcohol and [any] a drug; and
             262          (ii) was convicted of driving under the influence of alcohol, [any] a drug, or the
             263      combined influence of alcohol and [any] a drug within five years before the day on which the
             264      person is arrested on a charge described in Subsection (3)(b)(i).
             265          (4) (a) (i) The commission may not grant a private club license to [any] a person who
             266      has had any type of license, agency, or permit issued under this title revoked within the last
             267      three years.
             268          (ii) The commission may not grant a private club license to [any] an applicant that is a
             269      partnership, corporation, or limited liability company if [any] a partner, managing agent,
             270      manager, officer, director, stockholder who holds at least 20% of the total issued and
             271      outstanding stock of an applicant corporation, or member who owns at least 20% of an
             272      applicant limited liability company is or was:
             273          (A) a partner or managing agent of [any] a partnership that had any type of license,
             274      agency, or permit issued under this title revoked within the last three years;
             275          (B) a managing agent, officer, director, or a stockholder who holds or held at least 20%


             276      of the total issued and outstanding stock of [any] a corporation that had any type of license,
             277      agency, or permit issued under this title revoked within the last three years; or
             278          (C) a manager or member who owns or owned at least 20% of [any] a limited liability
             279      company that had any type of license, agency, or permit issued under this title revoked within
             280      the last three years.
             281          (b) An applicant that is a partnership, corporation, or limited liability company may not
             282      be granted a private club license if any of the following had any type of license, agency, or
             283      permit issued under this title revoked while acting in that person's individual capacity within
             284      the last three years:
             285          (i) [any] a partner or managing agent of the applicant partnership;
             286          (ii) [any] a managing agent, officer, director, or stockholder who holds at least 20% of
             287      the total issued and outstanding stock of the applicant corporation; or
             288          (iii) [any] a manager or member who owned at least 20% of the applicant limited
             289      liability company.
             290          (c) A person acting in an individual capacity may not be granted a private club license
             291      if that person was:
             292          (i) a partner or managing agent of a partnership that had any type of license, agency, or
             293      permit issued under this title revoked within the last three years;
             294          (ii) a managing agent, officer, director, or stockholder who held at least 20% of the
             295      total issued and outstanding stock of a corporation that had any type of license, agency, or
             296      permit issued under this title revoked within the last three years; or
             297          (iii) a manager or member of a limited liability company who owned at least 20% of
             298      the limited liability company that had any type of license, agency, or permit issued under this
             299      title revoked within the last three years.
             300          (5) (a) A minor may not be granted a private club license.
             301          (b) The commission may not grant a private club license to an applicant that is a
             302      partnership, corporation, or limited liability company if any of the following is a minor:
             303          (i) a partner or managing agent of the applicant partnership;
             304          (ii) a managing agent, officer, director, or stockholder who holds at least 20% of the
             305      total issued and outstanding stock of the applicant corporation; or
             306          (iii) a manager or member who owns at least 20% of the applicant limited liability


             307      company.
             308          (6) If [any] a person or entity to whom a license has been issued under this chapter no
             309      longer possesses the qualifications required by this title for obtaining that license, the
             310      commission may suspend or revoke that license.
             311          (7) The commission may not grant a private club license to an applicant who is not
             312      lawfully present in the United States.
             313          Section 4. Section 53B-8-106 is amended to read:
             314           53B-8-106. Resident tuition -- Requirements -- Rules.
             315          (1) If allowed under federal law, a student, other than a nonimmigrant alien within the
             316      meaning of paragraph (15) of subsection (a) of Section 1101 of Title 8 of the United States
             317      Code, shall be exempt from paying the nonresident portion of total tuition if the student:
             318          (a) attended high school in this state for three or more years;
             319          (b) graduated from a high school in this state or received the equivalent of a high
             320      school diploma in this state; and
             321          (c) registers as an entering student at an institution of higher education:
             322          (i) not earlier than the fall of the 2002-03 academic year[.]; and
             323          (ii) before May 1, 2010.
             324          (2) In addition to the requirements under Subsection (1), a student without lawful
             325      immigration status shall file an affidavit with the institution of higher education stating that the
             326      student has filed an application to legalize his immigration status, or will file an application as
             327      soon as [he] the student is eligible to do so.
             328          (3) An institution of higher education shall continue to provide the exemption from
             329      paying the nonresident portion of total tuition for a student who entered the institution before
             330      May 1, 2010, through the time that the student remains admitted as a student at that institution
             331      in a program of study leading to a degree or a certificate.
             332          [(3)] (4) The State Board of Regents shall make rules for the implementation of this
             333      section.
             334          [(4)] (5) Nothing in this section limits the ability of institutions of higher education to
             335      assess nonresident tuition on students who do not meet the requirements under this section.
             336          Section 5. Section 53B-8-106.5 is enacted to read:
             337          53B-8-106.5. Limitation on higher education benefits.


             338          Except as otherwise provided in Section 53B-8-106 , an individual who is not lawfully
             339      present in the United States is not eligible on the basis of residence within the state for a higher
             340      education benefit, to include:
             341          (1) scholarships;
             342          (2) financial aid; and
             343          (3) resident tuition.
             344          Section 6. Section 59-10-409 is enacted to read:
             345          59-10-409. Withholding of state income tax when lacking verification of lawful
             346      immigration status -- Noncompliance.
             347          (1) If an individual independent contractor, contracting for the physical performance of
             348      services in this state, fails to provide to the contracting entity documentation to verify the
             349      independent contractor's employment authorization pursuant to the prohibition against the use
             350      of unauthorized alien labor through contract set forth in 8 U.S.C., Sec. 1324a (a)(4), the
             351      contracting entity shall withhold state income tax at the top marginal income tax rate as
             352      provided in Title 59, Chapter 10, Part 4, Withholding of Tax, as applied to compensation paid
             353      to the individual for the performance of the services within this state which exceeds the
             354      minimum amount of compensation the contracting entity is required to report as income to the
             355      United States Internal Revenue Service pursuant to federal law.
             356          (2) A contracting entity who fails to comply with the withholding requirements of this
             357      section is liable for the taxes required to have been withheld unless exempt from federal
             358      withholding with respect to the individual pursuant to Section 1441 of the United States
             359      Internal Revenue Code.
             360          (3) For purposes of this section, "individual" means a resident or nonresident
             361      individual as defined in Section 59-10-103 .
             362          Section 7. Section 63-99a-101 is enacted to read:
             363     
CHAPTER 99a. IDENTITY DOCUMENTS AND VERIFICATION

             364          63-99a-101. Title.
             365          This chapter is known as "Identity Documents and Verification."
             366          Section 8. Section 63-99a-102 is enacted to read:
             367          63-99a-102. Creation of identity documents -- Issuance to citizens, nationals, and
             368      legal permanent resident aliens -- Exceptions.


             369          (1) The following entities may create, publish, or otherwise manufacture an
             370      identification document, identification card, or identification certificate and possess an
             371      engraved plate or other device for the printing of an identification document:
             372          (a) a business, company, corporation, service organization, or federal, state, or local
             373      government agency for employee identification, which is designed to identify the bearer as an
             374      employee;
             375          (b) a business, company, corporation, or service organization for customer
             376      identification, which is designed to identify the bearer as a customer or member;
             377          (c) a federal, state, or local government agency for purposes authorized or required by
             378      law or a legitimate purpose consistent with the duties of the agency, including such documents
             379      as voter identification cards, driver licenses, identification cards, passports, birth certificates,
             380      and Social Security cards;
             381          (d) a public school or state or private educational institution to identify the bearer as an
             382      administrator, faculty member, student, or employee;
             383          (e) a professional organization or labor union to identify the bearer as a member of the
             384      professional organization or labor union; and
             385          (f) a business, corporation, or company that manufactures medical-alert identification
             386      for individuals required to have the identification on their persons.
             387          (2) The name of the issuing entity shall be clearly printed upon the face of the
             388      identification document.
             389          (3) Except as otherwise provided in Subsections (4) and (5) or by federal law, an entity
             390      providing an identity document, card, or certificate under Subsection (1)(c) or (d) shall issue
             391      the document, card, or certificate only to:
             392          (a) a United States citizen;
             393          (b) a national; or
             394          (c) a legal permanent resident alien.
             395          (4) (a) Subsection (3) does not apply to an applicant for an identification document
             396      who presents, in person, valid documentary evidence of the applicant's:
             397          (i) unexpired immigrant or nonimmigrant visa status for admission into the United
             398      States;
             399          (ii) pending or approved application for asylum in the United States;


             400          (iii) admission into the United States as a refugee;
             401          (iv) pending or approved application for temporary protected status in the United
             402      States;
             403          (v) approved deferred action status; or
             404          (vi) pending application for adjustment of status to legal permanent resident or
             405      conditional resident.
             406          (b) (i) An entity listed in Subsection (1)(c) or (d) may issue a Subsection (1)(c) or (d)
             407      identification document to an applicant who satisfies the requirements of Subsection (4)(a).
             408          (ii) Except as otherwise provided by federal law, the document is valid only:
             409          (A) during the period of time of the individual's authorized stay in the United States; or
             410          (B) for one year from the date of issuance if there is no definite end to the individual's
             411      period of authorized stay.
             412          (iii) An entity issuing an identification document under this Subsection (4) shall clearly
             413      indicate on the document:
             414          (A) that it is temporary; and
             415          (B) its expiration date.
             416          (c) An individual may renew a document issued under this Subsection (4) only upon
             417      presentation of valid documentary evidence that the status by which the individual originally
             418      qualified for the identification document has been extended by the United States Citizenship
             419      and Immigration Services or other authorized agency of the United States Department of
             420      Homeland Security.
             421          (5) (a) Subsection (3) does not apply to an identification document issued under
             422      Subsection (1)(d) that is only:
             423          (i) valid for use on the educational institution's campus or facility; and
             424          (ii) includes a statement of the restricted use conspicuously printed upon the face of the
             425      identification document.
             426          (b) Subsection (3) does not apply to a driving privilege card issued or renewed under
             427      Section 53-3-207 .
             428          Section 9. Section 63-99a-103 is enacted to read:
             429          63-99a-103. Status verification system -- Registration and use -- Performance of
             430      services -- Discriminatory practice.


             431          (1) As used in this section:
             432          (a) "Contractor" means a subcontractor, contract employee, staffing agency, or any
             433      contractor regardless of its tier.
             434          (b) "Public employer" means a department, agency, instrumentality, or political
             435      subdivision of the state.
             436          (c) (i) "Status Verification System" means an electronic system operated by the federal
             437      government, through which an authorized official of a state agency or a political subdivision of
             438      the state may inquire by exercise of authority delegated pursuant to 8 U.S.C., Sec. 1373, to
             439      verify the citizenship or immigration status of an individual within the jurisdiction of the
             440      agency or political subdivision for a purpose authorized under this section.
             441          (ii) "Status Verification System" includes:
             442          (A) the electronic verification of the work authorization program of the Illegal
             443      Immigration Reform and Immigration Responsibility Act of 1996, 8 U.S.C., Sec. 1324a,
             444      known as the Basic Pilot Program;
             445          (B) an equivalent federal program designated by the United States Department of
             446      Homeland Security or other federal agency authorized to verify the work eligibility status of a
             447      newly hired employee pursuant to the Immigration and Reform Control Act of 1986;
             448          (C) the Social Security Number Verification Service or similar online verification
             449      process implemented by the United States Social Security Administration; or
             450          (D) an independent third-party system with an equal or higher degree of reliability as
             451      the programs, systems, or processes described in Subsection (1)(a)(ii)(A), (B), or (C).
             452          (d) "Unauthorized alien" means an alien as defined in 8 U.S.C., Sec. 1324a(h)(3).
             453          (2) Each public employer shall register with and use a Status Verification System to
             454      verify the federal employment authorization status of a new employee.
             455          (3) (a) Beginning July 1, 2009:
             456          (i) a public employer may not enter into a contract for the physical performance of
             457      services within the state with a contractor unless the contractor registers and participates in the
             458      Status Verification System to verify the work eligibility status of the contractor's new
             459      employees.
             460          (ii) a contractor shall register and participate in the Status Verification System in order
             461      to enter into a contract with a public employer.


             462          (b) Subsection (3)(a) does not apply to a contract entered into by the entities referred to
             463      in Subsection (3)(a) prior to July 1, 2009, even though the contract may involve the physical
             464      performance of services within the state on or after July 1, 2009.
             465          (4) (a) It is a discriminatory practice for an employing entity in the state to discharge an
             466      employee working in Utah who is a United States citizen or permanent resident alien while
             467      retaining an employee who:
             468          (i) the employing entity knows, or reasonably should have known, is an unauthorized
             469      alien hired on or after July 1, 2009; and
             470          (ii) is working in the state in a job category:
             471          (A) that requires equal skill, effort, and responsibility; and
             472          (B) which is performed under similar working conditions, as defined in 29 U.S.C., Sec.
             473      206 (d)(1), as the job category held by the discharged employee.
             474          (b) An employing entity, which on the date of a discharge in question referred to in
             475      Subsection (4)(a) is enrolled in and using the Status Verification System to verify the
             476      employment eligibility of its employees in Utah who are hired on or after July 1, 2009, is
             477      exempt from liability, investigation, or lawsuit arising from an action under this section.
             478          (c) A cause of action for a violation of this Subsection (4) arises exclusively from the
             479      provisions of this Subsection (4).
             480          Section 10. Section 63-99a-104 is enacted to read:
             481          63-99a-104. Receipt of state, local, or federal public benefits -- Verification --
             482      Exceptions -- Fraudulently obtaining benefits -- Criminal penalties -- Annual report.
             483          (1) Except as provided in Subsection (3) or where exempted by federal law, an agency
             484      or political subdivision of the state shall verify the lawful presence in the United States of an
             485      individual at least 18 years of age who has applied for:
             486          (a) a state or local public benefit as defined in 8 U.S.C., Sec. 1621; or
             487          (b) a federal public benefit as defined in 8 U.S.C., Sec. 1611, that is administered by an
             488      agency or political subdivision of this state.
             489          (2) This section shall be enforced without regard to race, religion, gender, ethnicity, or
             490      national origin.
             491          (3) Verification of lawful presence under this section is not required for:
             492          (a) any purpose for which lawful presence in the United States is not restricted by law,


             493      ordinance, or regulation;
             494          (b) assistance for health care items and services that are necessary for the treatment of
             495      an emergency medical condition, as defined in 42 U.S.C., Sec. 1396b(v)(3), of the individual
             496      involved and are not related to an organ transplant procedure;
             497          (c) short-term, noncash, in-kind emergency disaster relief;
             498          (d) public health assistance for immunizations with respect to immunizable diseases
             499      and for testing and treatment of symptoms of communicable diseases whether or not the
             500      symptoms are caused by the communicable disease;
             501          (e) programs, services, or assistance such as soup kitchens, crisis counseling and
             502      intervention, and short-term shelter, specified by the United States Attorney General, in the
             503      sole and unreviewable discretion of the United States Attorney General after consultation with
             504      appropriate federal agencies and departments, which:
             505          (i) deliver in-kind services at the community level, including through public or private
             506      nonprofit agencies;
             507          (ii) do not condition the provision of assistance, the amount of assistance provided, or
             508      the cost of assistance provided on the income or resources of the individual recipient; and
             509          (iii) are necessary for the protection of life or safety; and
             510          (f) the exemption for paying the nonresident portion of total tuition for the time periods
             511      set forth in Section 53B-8-106 .
             512          (4) (a) An agency or political subdivision required to verify the lawful presence in the
             513      United States of an applicant under this section shall require the applicant to execute an
             514      affidavit under penalty of perjury stating that:
             515          (i) the applicant is a United States citizen; or
             516          (ii) the applicant is:
             517          (A) a qualified alien as defined in 8 U.S.C., Sec. 1641; and
             518          (B) lawfully present in the United States.
             519          (b) An agency or political subdivision providing a state or local benefit under this
             520      section shall provide notary public services at no cost to an applicant.
             521          (5) (a) An agency or political subdivision shall verify an affidavit executed under
             522      Subsection (4) through the Systematic Alien Verification for Entitlements Program, hereafter
             523      referred to in this section as the "Program", operated by the United States Department of


             524      Homeland Security or an equivalent program designated by the Department of Homeland
             525      Security.
             526          (b) The affidavit is presumed proof of lawful presence in the United States until
             527      eligibility verification is made under Subsection (5)(a).
             528          (6) (a) An individual who knowingly and willfully makes a false, fictitious, or
             529      fraudulent statement or representation in an affidavit executed under Subsection (4)(a) is
             530      subject to the criminal penalties applicable in this state for:
             531          (i) making a written false statement under Subsection 76-8-504 (2); and
             532          (ii) fraudulently obtaining public assistance program benefits under Sections 76-8-1205
             533      and 76-8-1206 .
             534          (b) If the affidavit constitutes a false claim of U.S. citizenship under 18 U.S.C., Sec.
             535      911, the agency or political subdivision shall file a complaint with the United States Attorney
             536      General for the applicable district based upon the venue in which the affidavit was executed.
             537          (7) An agency or political subdivision may adopt variations to the requirements of this
             538      section which:
             539          (a) clearly improve the efficiency of or reduce delay in the verification process; or
             540          (b) provide for adjudication of unique individual circumstances where the verification
             541      procedures in this section would impose an unusual hardship on a legal resident of Utah.
             542          (8) It is unlawful for an agency or a political subdivision of this state to provide a state,
             543      local, or federal benefit, as defined in 8 U.S.C., Sec. 1611 and Sec. 1621, in violation of the
             544      provisions of this section.
             545          (9) Each state agency or department that administers a program of state or local public
             546      benefits shall:
             547          (a) provide an annual report to the governor, the president of the Senate, and the
             548      speaker of the House regarding its compliance with this section; and
             549          (b) (i) monitor the Program for application verification errors and significant delays;
             550          (ii) provide an annual report on the errors and delays to ensure that the application of
             551      the Program is not erroneously denying a state or local benefit to a legal resident of the state;
             552      and
             553          (iii) report delays and errors in the Program to the United States Department of
             554      Homeland Security.    


             555          Section 11. Section 67-5-22.5 is enacted to read:
             556          67-5-22.5. Fraudulent Documents Identification Unit.
             557          Subject to the availability of funding, the attorney general shall establish a Fraudulent
             558      Documents Identification Unit:
             559          (1) for the primary purpose of investigating, apprehending, and prosecuting individuals
             560      or entities that participate in the sale or distribution of fraudulent documents used for
             561      identification purposes; and
             562          (2) to specialize in fraudulent identification documents created and prepared for
             563      individuals who are unlawfully residing within the state.
             564          Section 12. Section 67-5-26 is enacted to read:
             565          67-5-26. Memorandum of Understanding regarding enforcement of federal
             566      immigration laws -- Communications regarding immigration status -- Private cause of
             567      action.
             568          (1) The attorney general shall negotiate the terms of a Memorandum of Understanding
             569      between the state and the United States Department of Justice or the United States Department
             570      of Homeland Security as provided in 8 U.S.C., Sec. 1357(g) for the enforcement of federal
             571      immigration and customs laws within the state by state and local law enforcement personnel, to
             572      include investigations, apprehensions, detentions, and removals of persons who are illegally
             573      present in the United States.
             574          (2) The attorney general, the governor, or an individual otherwise required by the
             575      appropriate federal agency referred to in Subsection (1) shall sign the Memorandum of
             576      Understanding on behalf of the state.
             577          (3) (a) A unit of local government, whether acting through its governing body or by an
             578      initiative or referendum, may not enact an ordinance or policy that limits or prohibits a law
             579      enforcement officer, local official, or local government employee from communicating or
             580      cooperating with federal officials regarding the immigration status of a person within the state.
             581          (b) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a government entity or official within
             582      the state may not prohibit or in any way restrict a government entity or official from sending to,
             583      or receiving from, the United States Department of Homeland Security information regarding
             584      the citizenship or immigration status, lawful or unlawful, of an individual.
             585          (c) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a person or agency may not prohibit or


             586      in any way restrict a public employee from doing the following regarding the immigration
             587      status, lawful or unlawful, of an individual:
             588          (i) sending information to or requesting or receiving information from the United
             589      States Department of Homeland Security;
             590          (ii) maintaining the information referred to in Subsection (3)(c)(i); and
             591          (iii) exchanging the information referred to in Subsection (3)(c)(i) with any other
             592      federal, state, or local government entity.
             593          (d) This Subsection (3) allows for a private right of action by a natural or legal person
             594      lawfully domiciled in this state to file for a writ of mandamus to compel a noncompliant local
             595      or state governmental agency to comply with the reporting laws of this Subsection (3).
             596          Section 13. Section 76-10-2701 is enacted to read:
             597          76-10-2701. Transporting or harboring aliens -- Definition -- Penalty.
             598          (1) For purposes of this part, "alien" means an individual who is illegally present in the
             599      United States.
             600          (2) It is unlawful for a person to:
             601          (a) transport, move, or attempt to transport in this state an alien, knowing or in reckless
             602      disregard of the fact that the alien is in the United States in violation of federal law, in
             603      furtherance of the illegal presence of the alien in the United States; or
             604          (b) conceal, harbor, or shelter from detection an alien in a place within this state,
             605      including a building or means of transportation, knowing or in reckless disregard of the fact
             606      that the alien is in the United States in violation of federal law.
             607          (3) A person who violates Subsection (2)(a) or (b) is guilty of a class A misdemeanor.
             608          (4) Nothing in this part prohibits or restricts the provision of:
             609          (a) a state or local public benefit described in 8 U.S.C., Section 1621(b); or
             610          (b) regulated public health services provided by a private charity using private funds.
             611          Section 14. Coordinating S.B. 81 with H.B. 63 -- Technical renumbering.
             612          If this S.B. 81 and H.B. 63, Recodification of Title 63 State Affairs in General, both
             613      pass, it is the intent of the Legislature that the Office of Legislative Research and General
             614      Counsel, in preparing the Utah Code database for publication renumber Title 63, Chapter 99a
             615      to Title 63G, Chapter 11 and Sections 63-99a-101 through 63-99a-104 to Sections 63G-11-101
             616      through 63G-11-104 .






Legislative Review Note
    as of 1-30-08 9:49 AM


Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel


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