! The Capitol Complex is open to the public with some limitations. All meetings are still available virtually online. Please visit the Capitol Information page for details.

Download Zipped Amended WordPerfect HB0042.ZIP
[Introduced][Status][Bill Documents][Fiscal Note][Bills Directory]

H.B. 42

This document includes House Floor Amendments incorporated into the bill on Fri, Feb 13, 2009 at 10:32 AM by ddonat. -->              1     

ADOPTION REVISIONS

             2     
2009 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Chief Sponsor: Sheryl L. Allen

             5     
Senate Sponsor: Daniel R. Liljenquist

             6     
             7      LONG TITLE
             8      Committee Note:
             9          The Health and Human Services Interim Committee recommended this bill.
             10      General Description:
             11          This bill amends provisions of the Utah Adoption Act.
             12      Highlighted Provisions:
             13          This bill:
             14          .    defines terms, including reducing the age of an "adult adoptee" from 21 to 18;
             15          .    modifies provisions relating to determining the venue of an adoption proceeding;
             16          .    modifies and clarifies provisions relating to providing notice of an adoption
             17      proceeding;
             18          .    provides that notice of an adoption proceeding may be served at any time after the
             19      petition for adoption is filed, but at least 30 days prior to the final disposition
             20      hearing;
             21          .    increases the maximum amount required to be paid by a child-placing agency or the
             22      prospective adoptive parents for counseling of a parent who is placing a child for
             23      adoption from $250 to $400;
             24          .    provides that the maximum amount referred to in the preceding paragraph may be
             25      increased by a signed agreement;
             26          .    modifies provisions relating to who has the right to consent to an adoption;
             27      H. [     .    provides that a court may not refuse to allow or accept a mother's consent to


             28      adoption or relinquishment for adoption on the grounds that an unmarried biological father
             29      filed an action to establish parentage or complied with, or alleges compliance with, the
             30      requirements for an unmarried biological father to preserve the right to consent to an adoption;
] .H

             31          .    modifies provisions relating to the dissolution of parental rights;
             32          .    amends provisions relating to who may inspect an adoption petition and related
             33      documents;
             34          .    reduces from 21 to 18 the age:
             35              .    of an adult adoptee who may participate in the mutual-consent, voluntary
             36      adoption registry; and
             37              .    that a sibling of the adult adoptee who has the same birth parent as the adult
             38      adoptee, and who was raised in the same family setting as the adult adoptee,
             39      must be before an adult adoptee may obtain information from the
             40      mutual-consent, voluntary adoption registry; and
             41          .    makes technical changes.
             42      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             43          None
             44      Other Special Clauses:
             45          None
             46      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             47      AMENDS:
             48          78B-6-103, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3 and last amended by Laws of
             49      Utah 2008, Chapter 137
             50          78B-6-105, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 137 and renumbered and
             51      amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             52          78B-6-110, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             53          78B-6-115, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             54          78B-6-119, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             55          78B-6-120, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             56          78B-6-121, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3 and last amended by Laws of
             57      Utah 2008, Chapter 123
             58          78B-6-138, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3


             59          78B-6-141, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             60          78B-6-144, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 137 and renumbered and
             61      amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             62     
             63      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             64          Section 1. Section 78B-6-103 is amended to read:
             65           78B-6-103. Definitions.
             66          As used in this part:
             67          (1) "Adoptee" means a person who has been legally adopted.
             68          (2) "Adoption" means the judicial act which creates the relationship of parent and child
             69      where it did not previously exist and which permanently deprives a birth parent of parental
             70      rights.
             71          (3) "Adoption service provider" means a:
             72          (a) child-placing agency; or
             73          (b) licensed counselor who has at least one year of experience providing professional
             74      social work services to:
             75          (i) adoptive parents; or
             76          (ii) birth parents.
             77          (4) "Adult" means a person who is 18 years of age or older.
             78          [(4)] (5) "Adult adoptee" means an adoptee who is [21] 18 years of age or older.
             79          [(5)] (6) "Adult sibling" means a brother or sister of the adoptee, who is [21] 18 years
             80      of age or older and whose birth mother or father is the same as that of the adoptee.
             81          [(6)] (7) "Birth parent" means a biological mother, a person whose paternity of a child
             82      is established, or an alleged father, who has been identified as the father of a child by the child's
             83      birth mother, and who has not denied paternity.
             84          [(7)] (8) "Bureau" means the Bureau of Vital Statistics within the Department of
             85      Health operating under Title 26, Chapter 2, Utah Vital Statistics Act.
             86          [(8)] (9) "Child-placing agency" means an agency licensed to place children for
             87      adoption under Title 62A, Chapter 4a, Part 6, Child Placing.
             88          [(9)] (10) "Cohabiting" means residing with another person and being involved in a
             89      sexual relationship with that person.


             90          [(10)] (11) "Division" means the Division of Child and Family Services, within the
             91      Department of Human Services, created in Section 62A-4a-103 .
             92          [(11)] (12) "Extra-jurisdictional child-placing agency" means an agency licensed to
             93      place children for adoption by a district, territory, or state of the United States, other than Utah.
             94          [(12)] (13) "Genetic and social history" means a comprehensive report, when
             95      obtainable, on an adoptee's birth parents, aunts, uncles, and grandparents, which contains the
             96      following information:
             97          (a) medical history;
             98          (b) health status;
             99          (c) cause of and age at death;
             100          (d) height, weight, and eye and hair color;
             101          (e) ethnic origins;
             102          (f) where appropriate, levels of education and professional achievement; and
             103          (g) religion, if any.
             104          [(13)] (14) "Health history" means a comprehensive report of the adoptee's health
             105      status at the time of placement for adoption, and medical history, including neonatal,
             106      psychological, physiological, and medical care history.
             107          [(14)] (15) "Identifying information" means the name and address of a birth parent or
             108      adult adoptee, or other specific information which by itself or in reasonable conjunction with
             109      other information may be used to identify that person.
             110          [(15)] (16) "Licensed counselor" means a person who is licensed by the state, or
             111      another state, district, or territory of the United States as a:
             112          (a) certified social worker;
             113          (b) clinical social worker;
             114          (c) psychologist;
             115          (d) marriage and family therapist;
             116          (e) professional counselor; or
             117          (f) an equivalent licensed professional of another state, district, or territory of the
             118      United States.
             119          [(16)] (17) "Parent," for purposes of Section 78B-6-119 , means any person described in
             120      Subsections 78B-6-120 (1)(b) through (f) from whom consent for adoption or relinquishment


             121      for adoption is required under Sections 78B-6-120 through 78B-6-122 .
             122          [(17)] (18) "Unmarried biological father" means a person who:
             123          (a) is the biological father of a child; and
             124          (b) was not married to the biological mother of the child described in Subsection [(17)]
             125      (18)(a) at the time of the child's:
             126          (i) conception; or
             127          (ii) birth.
             128          Section 2. Section 78B-6-105 is amended to read:
             129           78B-6-105. District court venue -- Jurisdiction of juvenile court -- Jurisdiction
             130      over nonresidents -- Time for filing.
             131          (1) Adoption proceedings shall be commenced by filing a petition with the clerk of the
             132      district court either:
             133          (a) in the district where the person adopting resides[, or];
             134          (b) if the person adopting is not a resident of this state, in the district where [the child
             135      was born or in which the child-placing agency that has custody of the child is located; or]:
             136          (i) the proposed adoptee was born;
             137          (ii) the proposed adoptee resides on the day on which the petition is filed; or
             138          (iii) a parent of the proposed adoptee resides on the day on which the petition is filed;
             139      or
             140          [(b)] (c) with the juvenile court as provided in Subsection 78A-6-103 (1).
             141          (2) All orders, decrees, agreements, and notices in the proceedings shall be filed with
             142      the clerk of the court where the adoption proceedings were commenced under Subsection (1).
             143          (3) A petition for adoption shall be filed within 30 days of the date the adoptee is
             144      placed in the home of the petitioners for the purpose of adoption, unless:
             145          (a) the time for filing has been extended by the court; or
             146          (b) the adoption is arranged by a child-placing agency in which case the agency may
             147      extend the filing time.
             148          (4) (a) If a person whose consent for the adoption is required under Section 78B-6-120
             149      or 78B-6-121 cannot be found within the state, the fact of the minor's presence within the state
             150      shall confer jurisdiction on the court in proceedings under this chapter as to such absent person,
             151      provided that due notice has been given in accordance with the Utah Rules of Civil Procedure.


             152          (b) The notice may not include the name of:
             153          (i) the person or persons seeking to adopt the adoptee; or
             154          (ii) an unmarried mother without her consent.
             155          (5) Service of notice as provided in Subsection (6) shall vest the court with jurisdiction
             156      over the person served in the same manner and to the same extent as if the person served was
             157      served personally within the state.
             158          (6) In the case of service outside the state, service completed not less than five days
             159      before the time set in the notice for appearance of the person served, shall be sufficient to
             160      confer jurisdiction.
             161          (7) Computation of periods of time not otherwise set forth in this section shall be made
             162      in accordance with the Utah Rules of Civil Procedure.
             163          Section 3. Section 78B-6-110 is amended to read:
             164           78B-6-110. Notice of adoption proceedings.
             165          (1) (a) An unmarried biological father, by virtue of the fact that he has engaged in a
             166      sexual relationship with a woman:
             167          (i) is considered to be on notice that a pregnancy and an adoption proceeding regarding
             168      the child may occur; and
             169          (ii) has a duty to protect his own rights and interests.
             170          (b) An unmarried biological father is entitled to actual notice of a birth or an adoption
             171      proceeding with regard to his child only as provided in this section.
             172          (2) Notice of an adoption proceeding shall be served on each of the following persons:
             173          (a) any person or agency whose consent or relinquishment is required under Section
             174      78B-6-120 or 78B-6-121 , unless that right has been terminated by:
             175          (i) waiver;
             176          (ii) relinquishment;
             177          (iii) consent; or
             178          (iv) judicial action;
             179          (b) any person who has initiated a paternity proceeding and filed notice of that action
             180      with the state registrar of vital statistics within the Department of Health, in accordance with
             181      Subsection (3);
             182          (c) any legally appointed custodian or guardian of the adoptee;


             183          (d) the petitioner's spouse, if any, only if the petitioner's spouse has not joined in the
             184      petition;
             185          (e) the adoptee's spouse, if any;
             186          (f) any person who, prior to the time the mother executes her consent for adoption or
             187      relinquishes the child for adoption, is recorded on the birth certificate as the child's father, with
             188      the knowledge and consent of the mother;
             189          (g) a person who is:
             190          (i) openly living in the same household with the child at the time the consent is
             191      executed or relinquishment made; and
             192          (ii) holding himself out to be the child's father; and
             193          (h) any person who is married to the child's mother at the time she executes her consent
             194      to the adoption or relinquishes the child for adoption.
             195          (3) (a) In order to preserve any right to notice [and consent], an unmarried, biological
             196      father may, consistent with Subsection (3)(d):
             197          (i) initiate proceedings in a district court of the state of Utah to establish paternity
             198      under Title 78B, Chapter 15, Utah Uniform Parentage Act; and
             199          (ii) file a notice of [the initiation] commencement of the proceedings described in
             200      Subsection (3)(a)(i) with the state registrar of vital statistics within the Department of Health.
             201          (b) If the unmarried, biological father does not know the county in which the birth
             202      mother resides, he may initiate his action in any county, subject to a change in trial pursuant to
             203      Section 78B-3-307 .
             204          (c) The Department of Health shall provide forms for the purpose of filing the notice
             205      described in Subsection (3)(a)(ii), and make those forms available in the office of the county
             206      health department in each county.
             207          (d) The action and notice described in Subsection (3)(a):
             208          (i) may be filed before or after the child's birth; and
             209          (ii) shall be filed prior to the mother's:
             210          (A) execution of consent to adoption of the child; or
             211          (B) relinquishment of the child for adoption.
             212          (4) Notice provided in accordance with this section need not disclose the name of the
             213      mother of the child who is the subject of an adoption proceeding.


             214          (5) The notice required by this section:
             215          (a) may be served [immediately after relinquishment or execution of consent] at any
             216      time after the petition for adoption is filed;
             217          (b) shall be served at least 30 days prior to the final dispositional hearing;
             218          (c) shall specifically state that the person served must respond to the petition within 30
             219      days of service if he intends to intervene in or contest the adoption;
             220          (d) shall state the consequences, described in Subsection (6)(b), for failure of a person
             221      to file a motion for relief within 30 days after the day on which the person is served with notice
             222      of an adoption proceeding;
             223          (e) is not required to include, nor be accompanied by, a summons or a copy of the
             224      petition for adoption; and
             225          (f) shall state where the person may obtain a copy of the petition for adoption.
             226          (6) (a) A person who has been served with notice of an adoption proceeding and who
             227      wishes to contest the adoption shall file a motion to intervene in the adoption proceeding:
             228          (i) within 30 days after the day on which the person was served with notice of the
             229      adoption proceeding;
             230          (ii) setting forth specific relief sought; and
             231          (iii) accompanied by a memorandum specifying the factual and legal grounds upon
             232      which the motion is based.
             233          (b) A person who fails to file a motion for relief within 30 days after the day on which
             234      the person was served with notice of the adoption proceeding:
             235          (i) waives any right to further notice in connection with the adoption;
             236          (ii) forfeits all rights in relation to the adoptee; and
             237          (iii) is barred from thereafter bringing or maintaining any action to assert any interest in
             238      the adoptee.
             239          (7) Service of notice under this section shall be made as follows:
             240          (a) (i) Subject to Subsection (5)(e), service on a person whose consent is necessary
             241      under Section 78B-6-120 or 78B-6-121 shall be in accordance with the provisions of the Utah
             242      Rules of Civil Procedure.
             243          (ii) If service of a person described in Subsection (7)(a)(i) is by publication, the court
             244      shall designate the content of the notice regarding the identity of the parties.


             245          (iii) The notice described in this Subsection (7)(a) may not include the name of a
             246      person seeking to adopt the adoptee.
             247          (b) (i) Except as provided in Subsection (7)(b)(ii) to any other person for whom notice
             248      is required under this section, service by certified mail, return receipt requested, is sufficient.
             249          (ii) If the service described in Subsection (7)(b)(i) cannot be completed after two
             250      attempts, the court may issue an order providing for service by publication, posting, or by any
             251      other manner of service.
             252          (c) Notice to a person who has initiated a paternity proceeding and filed notice of that
             253      action with the state registrar of vital statistics in the Department of Health in accordance with
             254      the requirements of Subsection (3), shall be served by certified mail, return receipt requested, at
             255      the last address filed with the registrar.
             256          (8) The notice required by this section may be waived in writing by the person entitled
             257      to receive notice.
             258          (9) Proof of service of notice on all persons for whom notice is required by this section
             259      shall be filed with the court before the final dispositional hearing on the adoption.
             260          (10) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, neither the notice of an adoption
             261      proceeding nor any process in that proceeding is required to contain the name of the person or
             262      persons seeking to adopt the adoptee.
             263          (11) Except as to those persons whose consent to an adoption is required under Section
             264      78B-6-120 or 78B-6-121 , the sole purpose of notice under this section is to enable the person
             265      served to:
             266          (a) intervene in the adoption; and
             267          (b) present evidence to the court relevant to the best interest of the child.
             268          Section 4. Section 78B-6-115 is amended to read:
             269           78B-6-115. Who may adopt -- Adoption of minor -- Adoption of adult.
             270          (1) For purposes of this section, "vulnerable adult" means:
             271          (a) a person 65 years of age or older; or
             272          (b) an adult, 18 years of age or older, who has a mental or physical impairment which
             273      substantially affects that person's ability to:
             274          (i) provide personal protection;
             275          (ii) provide necessities such as food, shelter, clothing, or medical or other health care;


             276          (iii) obtain services necessary for health, safety, or welfare;
             277          (iv) carry out the activities of daily living;
             278          (v) manage the adult's own resources; or
             279          (vi) comprehend the nature and consequences of remaining in a situation of abuse,
             280      neglect, or exploitation.
             281          (2) Subject to this section and Section 78B-6-117 , any adult may be adopted by another
             282      adult.
             283          (3) The following provisions of this part apply to the adoption of an adult just as
             284      though the person being adopted were a minor:
             285          (a) (i) Section 78B-6-108 ;
             286          (ii) Section 78B-6-114 ;
             287          (iii) Section 78B-6-116 ;
             288          (iv) Section 78B-6-118 ;
             289          (v) Section 78B-6-124 ;
             290          (vi) Section 78B-6-136 ;
             291          (vii) Section 78B-6-137 ;
             292          (viii) Section 78B-6-138 ;
             293          (ix) Section 78B-6-139 ;
             294          (x) Section 78B-6-141 ; and
             295          (xi) Section 78B-6-142 ;
             296          (b) Subsections [ 78B-6-106 (1)] 78B-6-105 (1)(a), (1)(b)(i), (1)(b)(ii), (2), and (7),
             297      except that the juvenile court does not have jurisdiction over a proceeding for adoption of an
             298      adult, unless the adoption arises from a case where the juvenile court has continuing
             299      jurisdiction over the adult adoptee; and
             300          (c) if the adult adoptee is a vulnerable adult, Sections 78B-6-128 through 78B-6-131 ,
             301      regardless of whether the adult adoptee resides, or will reside, with the adoptors, unless the
             302      court, based on a finding of good cause, waives the requirements of those sections.
             303          (4) Before a court enters a final decree of adoption of an adult, the adoptee and the
             304      adoptive parent or parents shall appear before the court presiding over the adoption
             305      proceedings and execute consent to the adoption.
             306          (5) No provision of this part, other than those listed or described in this section or


             307      Section 78B-6-117 , apply to the adoption of an adult.
             308          Section 5. Section 78B-6-119 is amended to read:
             309           78B-6-119. Counseling for parents.
             310          (1) Subject to Subsection (2)(a), before relinquishing a child to a child-placing agency,
             311      or consenting to the adoption of a child, a parent of the child has the right to participate in
             312      counseling:
             313          (a) by a licensed counselor or an adoption service provider selected by the parent
             314      participating in the counseling;
             315          (b) for up to three sessions of at least 50 minutes per session; and
             316          (c) subject to Subsection (2)(b), at the expense of the:
             317          (i) child-placing agency; or
             318          (ii) prospective adoptive parents.
             319          (2) (a) Notwithstanding Subsection (1), a parent who has the right to participate in the
             320      counseling described in this section may waive that right.
             321          (b) Notwithstanding Subsection (1)(c), the total amount required to be paid by a
             322      child-placing agency or the prospective adoptive parents for the counseling described in
             323      Subsection (1) may not exceed [$250.] $400, unless an agreement for a greater amount is
             324      signed by:
             325          (i) the parent who receives the counseling; and
             326          (ii) the child-placing agency or prospective adoptive parents.
             327          (3) Before a parent relinquishes a child to a child-placing agency, or consents to the
             328      adoption of a child, the parent shall be informed of the right described in Subsection (1) by the:
             329          (a) child-placing agency;
             330          (b) prospective adoptive parents; or
             331          (c) representative of a person described in Subsection (3)(a) or (b).
             332          (4) (a) Subject to Subsections (4)(b) and (c), before the day on which a final decree of
             333      adoption is entered, a statement shall be filed with the court that:
             334          (i) is signed by each parent who:
             335          (A) relinquishes the parent's parental rights; or
             336          (B) consents to the adoption; and
             337          (ii) states that, before the parent took the action described in Subsection (4)(a)(i)(A) or


             338      (B), the parent was advised of the parent's right to participate in the counseling described in this
             339      section at the expense of the:
             340          (A) child-placing agency; or
             341          (B) prospective adoptive parents.
             342          (b) The statement described in Subsection (4)(a) may be included in the document that:
             343          (i) relinquishes the parent's parental rights; or
             344          (ii) consents to the adoption.
             345          (c) Failure by a person to give the notice described in Subsection (3), or pay for the
             346      counseling described in this section:
             347          (i) shall not constitute grounds for invalidating a:
             348          (A) relinquishment of parental rights; or
             349          (B) consent to adoption; and
             350          (ii) shall give rise to a cause of action for the recovery of damages suffered, if any, by
             351      the parent or guardian who took the action described in Subsection (4)(c)(i)(A) or (B) against
             352      the person required to:
             353          (A) give the notice described in Subsection (3); or
             354          (B) pay for the counseling described in this section.
             355          Section 6. Section 78B-6-120 is amended to read:
             356           78B-6-120. Necessary consent to adoption or relinquishment for adoption.
             357          (1) Except as provided in Subsection (2), consent to adoption of a child, or
             358      relinquishment of a child for adoption, is required from:
             359          (a) the adoptee, if the adoptee is more than 12 years of age, unless the adoptee does not
             360      have the mental capacity to consent;
             361          (b) [both parents or the surviving parent of an adoptee who was conceived or born
             362      within a marriage;] a man who:
             363          (i) by operation of law under Section 78B-15-204 , is recognized as the father of the
             364      proposed adoptee, unless:
             365          (A) the presumption is rebutted under Section 78B-15-607 ; or
             366          (B) the man was not married to the mother of the proposed adoptee until after the
             367      mother consented to adoption, or relinquishment for adoption, of the proposed adoptee;
             368           H. [ (ii) is confirmed to be the father of the proposed adoptee under Title 78B, Chapter 15,


             369      Utah Uniform Parentage Act, unless the man was not married to the mother of the proposed
             370      adoptee until after the mother consented to adoption, or relinquishment for adoption, of the
             371      proposed adoptee;
] .H
or
             372           H. [ (iii) ] (ii) .H is the father of the adoptee by a previous legal adoption;
             373          (c) the mother of [an] the adoptee [born outside of marriage];
             374          (d) a biological parent who has been adjudicated to be the child's biological father by a
             375      court of competent jurisdiction prior to the mother's execution of consent to adoption or her
             376      relinquishment of the child for adoption;
             377          (e) consistent with Subsection (3), a biological parent who has executed and filed a
             378      voluntary declaration of paternity with the state registrar of vital statistics within the
             379      Department of Health in accordance with Title 78B, Chapter 15, Utah Uniform Parentage Act,
             380      prior to the mother's execution of consent to adoption or her relinquishment of the child for
             381      adoption;
             382          (f) an unmarried biological father of an adoptee, only if he fully and strictly complies
             383      with the requirements of Sections 78B-6-121 and 78B-6-122 ; and
             384          (g) the person or agency to whom an adoptee has been relinquished and that is placing
             385      the child for adoption.
             386          (2) (a) The consent of a person described in Subsections (1)(b) through (g) is not
             387      required if the adoptee is 18 years of age or older.
             388          (b) The consent of a person described in Subsections (1)(b) through (f) is not required
             389      if the person's parental rights relating to the adoptee have been terminated.
             390          (3) For purposes of Subsection (1)(e), a voluntary declaration of paternity is considered
             391      filed when it is entered into a database that:
             392          (a) can be accessed by the Department of Health; and
             393          (b) is designated by the state registrar of vital statistics as the official database for
             394      voluntary declarations of paternity.
             395           H. [ (4) A court may not refuse to allow or accept a mother's consent to adoption or
             396      relinquishment for adoption on the grounds that an unmarried biological father:
             397          (a) filed an action to establish parentage of the child under Title 78B, Chapter 15, Utah
             398      Uniform Parentage Act, or any other proceeding to establish parentage in Utah or outside of
             399      Utah; or


             400          (b) complied with, or alleges compliance with, the requirements of Section 78B-6-121
             401      or 78B-6-122 .
] .H

             402          Section 7. Section 78B-6-121 is amended to read:
             403           78B-6-121. Consent of unmarried biological father.
             404          (1) Except as provided in Subsections (2)(a) and 78B-6-122 (1), and subject to
             405      Subsection (5), with regard to a child who is placed with adoptive parents more than six
             406      months after birth, consent of an unmarried biological father is not required unless the
             407      unmarried biological father:
             408          (a) (i) developed a substantial relationship with the child by:
             409          (A) visiting the child monthly, unless the unmarried biological father was physically or
             410      financially unable to visit the child on a monthly basis; or
             411          (B) engaging in regular communication with the child or with the person or authorized
             412      agency that has lawful custody of the child;
             413          (ii) took some measure of responsibility for the child and the child's future; and
             414          (iii) demonstrated a full commitment to the responsibilities of parenthood by financial
             415      support of the child of a fair and reasonable sum in accordance with the father's ability; or
             416          (b) (i) openly lived with the child:
             417          (A) (I) for a period of at least six months during the one-year period immediately
             418      preceding the day on which the child is placed with adoptive parents; or
             419          (II) if the child is less than one year old, for a period of at least six months during the
             420      period of time beginning on the day on which the child is born and ending on the day on which
             421      the child is placed with adoptive parents; and
             422          (B) immediately preceding placement of the child with adoptive parents; and
             423          (ii) openly held himself out to be the father of the child during the six-month period
             424      described in Subsection (1)(b)(i)(A).
             425          (2) (a) If an unmarried biological father was prevented from complying with a
             426      requirement of Subsection (1) by the person or authorized agency having lawful custody of the
             427      child, the unmarried biological father is not required to comply with that requirement.
             428          (b) The subjective intent of an unmarried biological father, whether expressed or
             429      otherwise, that is unsupported by evidence that the requirements in Subsection (1) have been
             430      met, shall not preclude a determination that the father failed to meet the requirements of


             431      Subsection (1).
             432          (3) Except as provided in Subsection 78B-6-122 (1), and subject to Subsection (5), with
             433      regard to a child who is six months of age or less at the time the child is placed with adoptive
             434      parents, consent of an unmarried biological father is not required unless, prior to the time the
             435      mother executes her consent for adoption or relinquishes the child for adoption, the unmarried
             436      biological father:
             437          (a) initiates proceedings in a district court of [the state] Utah to establish paternity
             438      under Title 78B, Chapter 15, Utah Uniform Parentage Act;
             439          (b) files with the court that is presiding over the paternity proceeding a sworn affidavit:
             440          (i) stating that he is fully able and willing to have full custody of the child;
             441          (ii) setting forth his plans for care of the child; and
             442          (iii) agreeing to a court order of child support and the payment of expenses incurred in
             443      connection with the mother's pregnancy and the child's birth;
             444          (c) consistent with Subsection (4), files notice of the commencement of paternity
             445      proceedings, described in Subsection (3)(a), with the state registrar of vital statistics within the
             446      Department of Health, in a confidential registry established by the department for that purpose;
             447      and
             448          (d) offered to pay and paid a fair and reasonable amount of the expenses incurred in
             449      connection with the mother's pregnancy and the child's birth, in accordance with his financial
             450      ability, unless:
             451          (i) he did not have actual knowledge of the pregnancy;
             452          (ii) he was prevented from paying the expenses by the person or authorized agency
             453      having lawful custody of the child; or
             454          (iii) the mother refuses to accept the unmarried biological father's offer to pay the
             455      expenses described in this Subsection (3)(d).
             456          (4) The notice described in Subsection (3)(c) is considered filed when it is entered into
             457      the registry described in Subsection (3)(c).
             458          (5) Consent of an unmarried biological father is not required under this section if:
             459          (a) the court determines, in accordance with the requirements and procedures of Title
             460      78A, Chapter 6, Part 5, Termination of Parental Rights Act, that the unmarried biological
             461      father's rights should be terminated, based on the petition of any interested party; or


             462          (b) (i) a declaration of paternity declaring the unmarried biological father to be the
             463      father of the child is rescinded under Section 78B-15-306 ; and
             464          (ii) the unmarried biological father fails to comply with Subsection (3) within ten
             465      business days after the day that notice of the rescission described in Subsection (5)(b)(i) is
             466      mailed by the Office of Vital Records within the Department of Health as provided in Section
             467      78B-15-306 .
             468          (6) Unless the adoptee is conceived or born within a marriage, the petitioner in an
             469      adoption proceeding shall, prior to entrance of a final decree of adoption, file with the court a
             470      certificate from the state registrar of vital statistics within the Department of Health, stating:
             471          (a) that a diligent search has been made of the registry of notices from unmarried
             472      biological fathers described in Subsection (3)(c); and
             473          (b) (i) that no filing has been found pertaining to the father of the child in question; or
             474          (ii) if a filing is found, the name of the putative father and the time and date of filing.
             475          Section 8. Section 78B-6-138 is amended to read:
             476           78B-6-138. Biological parent's rights and duties dissolved.
             477          (1) A [birth] biological parent of an adopted child is released from all parental duties
             478      toward and all responsibilities for the adopted child, including residual rights, and has no
             479      further rights with regard to that child at the earlier of:
             480          [(1)] (a) the time the parent's parental rights are terminated; or
             481          [(2)] (b) except as provided in Subsection (2), and subject to Subsection (3), the time
             482      the final decree of adoption is entered.
             483          (2) The rights and duties of a biological parent described in Subsection (1) who, at the
             484      time the child is adopted, is lawfully married to the person adopting the child are not released
             485      or terminated under Subsection (1)(b).
             486          (3) The rights and duties of a biological parent described in Subsection (1) who, at the
             487      time the child is adopted, is not lawfully married to the person adopting the child are
             488      terminated as provided in Subsection (1)(b).
             489          Section 9. Section 78B-6-141 is amended to read:
             490           78B-6-141. Petition, report, and documents sealed -- Exceptions.
             491          [The court shall order that the] (1) A petition for adoption, the written report described
             492      in Section 78B-6-135 , and any other documents filed in connection with the [hearing be]


             493      petition are sealed. [Those items are not open to inspection or copying except:]
             494          (2) The documents described in Subsection (1) may only be open to inspection as
             495      follows:
             496          (a) in accordance with Subsection (3)(a), by a party to the adoption proceeding:
             497          (i) while the proceeding is pending; or
             498          (ii) within six months after the day on which the adoption decree is entered;
             499          (b) subject to Subsection (3)(b), a court enters an order permitting access to the
             500      documents by a person who has appealed the denial of that person's motion to intervene;
             501          [(1)] (c) upon order of the court expressly permitting inspection or copying, after good
             502      cause has been shown;
             503          [(2)] (d) as provided under Section 78B-6-144 ;
             504          [(3)] (e) those records shall become public on the one hundredth anniversary of the
             505      date the final decree of adoption was entered; or
             506          [(4)] (f) if the adoptee is an adult at the time the final decree of adoption is entered, the
             507      documents described in this section are open to inspection and copying without a court order
             508      by the adoptee or a parent who adopted the adoptee, unless the final decree of adoption is
             509      entered by the juvenile court under Subsection 78B-6-115 (3)(b).
             510          (3) (a) A person who files a motion to intervene in an adoption proceeding:
             511          (i) is not a party to the adoption proceeding, unless the motion to intervene is granted;
             512      and
             513          (ii) may not be granted access to the documents described in Subsection (1), unless the
             514      motion to intervene is granted.
             515          (b) An order described in Subsection (2)(b) shall:
             516          (i) prohibit the person described in Subsection (2)(b) from inspecting a document
             517      described in Subsection (1) that contains identifying information of the adoptive or potential
             518      adoptive parents; and
             519          (ii) permit the person described in Subsection (3)(b)(i) to review a copy of a document
             520      described in Subsection (3)(b)(i) after the identifying information described in Subsection
             521      (3)(b)(i) is redacted from the document.
             522          Section 10. Section 78B-6-144 is amended to read:
             523           78B-6-144. Mutual-consent, voluntary adoption registry -- Procedures -- Fees.


             524          (1) The bureau shall establish a mutual-consent, voluntary adoption registry.
             525          (a) Adult adoptees and birth parents of adult adoptees, upon presentation of positive
             526      identification, may request identifying information from the bureau, in the form established by
             527      the bureau. A court of competent jurisdiction or a child-placing agency may accept that request
             528      from the adult adoptee or birth parent, in the form provided by the bureau, and transfer that
             529      request to the bureau. The adult adoptee or birth parent is responsible for notifying the bureau
             530      of any change in information contained in the request.
             531          (b) The bureau may only release identifying information to an adult adoptee or birth
             532      parent when it receives requests from both the adoptee and his birth parent.
             533          (c) After matching the request of an adult adoptee with that of at least one of his birth
             534      parents, the bureau shall notify both the adoptee and the birth parent that the requests have been
             535      matched, and disclose the identifying information to those parties. However, if that adult
             536      adoptee has a sibling of the same birth parent who is under the age of [21] 18 years, and who
             537      was raised in the same family setting as the adult adoptee, the bureau shall not disclose the
             538      requested identifying information to that adult adoptee or his birth parent.
             539          (2) (a) Adult adoptees and adult siblings of adult adoptees, upon presentation of
             540      positive identification, may request identifying information from the bureau, in the form
             541      established by the bureau. A court of competent jurisdiction or a child-placing agency may
             542      accept that request from the adult adoptee or adult sibling, in the form provided by the bureau,
             543      and transfer that request to the bureau. The adult adoptee or adult sibling is responsible for
             544      notifying the bureau of any change in information contained in the request.
             545          (b) The bureau may only release identifying information to an adult adoptee or adult
             546      sibling when it receives requests from both the adoptee and his adult sibling.
             547          (c) After matching the request of an adult adoptee with that of his adult sibling, if the
             548      bureau has been provided with sufficient information to make that match, the bureau shall
             549      notify both the adoptee and the adult sibling that the requests have been matched, and disclose
             550      the identifying information to those parties.
             551          (3) Information registered with the bureau under this section is available only to a
             552      registered adult adoptee and his registered birth parent or registered adult sibling, under the
             553      terms of this section.
             554          (4) Information regarding a birth parent who has not registered a request with the


             555      bureau may not be disclosed.
             556          (5) The bureau may charge a fee for services provided under this section, limited to the
             557      cost of providing those services.




Legislative Review Note
    as of 11-20-08 6:40 AM


Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel


[Bill Documents][Bills Directory]