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H.B. 22 Enrolled
7 LONG TITLE
8 General Description:
9 This bill amends the section of the Utah Criminal Code that relates to harboring a
11 Highlighted Provisions:
12 This bill:
13 . defines terms;
14 . provides that a person who harbors a minor who is a runaway must provide notice
15 to the parent or legal guardian of the minor, a youth services center, the Division of
16 Child and Family Services, or, under certain circumstances, a peace officer or a
17 detention center, within eight hours from the later of the time that the person begins
18 providing the shelter or the time that the person becomes aware that the minor is a
20 . provides an affirmative defense to the crime of harboring a runaway if the person
21 fails to provide the required notice due to circumstances beyond the control of the
23 . provides that an individual or a temporary homeless youth shelter may continue to
24 provide shelter to a runaway after providing the notice required by this bill if the
25 parent or legal guardian of the minor consents to the continued provision of shelter
26 or if the person notified fails to retrieve the runaway;
27 . clarifies that this bill does not prohibit an individual, a temporary homeless shelter,
28 or a government agency from providing shelter to an abandoned minor;
29 . clarifies that this bill does not release a person from the obligation to report abuse
30 or neglect of a child; and
31 . makes technical changes.
32 Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
34 Other Special Clauses:
36 Utah Code Sections Affected:
38 62A-4a-501, as enacted by Laws of Utah 1996, Chapter 245
39 78A-6-1001, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
41 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
42 Section 1. Section 62A-4a-501 is amended to read:
43 62A-4a-501. Harboring a runaway -- Reporting requirements -- Division to
44 provide assistance -- Affirmative defense -- Providing shelter after notice.
45 (1) As used in this section:
46 (a) "Harbor" means to provide shelter in:
47 (i) the home of the person who is providing the shelter; or
48 (ii) any structure over which the person providing the shelter has any control.
49 (b) "Promptly" means within eight hours after the later of:
50 (i) the time that the person becomes aware that the minor is a runaway; or
51 (ii) the time that the person begins harboring the minor.
52 (c) "Receiving center" is as defined in Section 62A-7-101 .
53 (d) "Runaway" means a minor, other than an emancipated minor, who is absent from
54 the home or lawfully prescribed residence of the parent or legal guardian of the minor without
55 the permission of the parent or legal guardian.
56 (e) "Temporary homeless youth shelter" means a facility that:
57 (i) provides temporary shelter to a runaway; and
58 (ii) is licensed by the Office of Licensing, created in Section 62A-1-105 , as a
59 residential support program.
60 (f) "Youth services center" means a center established by, or under contract with, the
61 Division of Juvenile Justice Services, created in Section 62A-1-105 , to provide youth services,
62 as defined in Section 62A-7-101 .
64 (2) A person is guilty of a class B misdemeanor if the person:
65 (a) knowingly and intentionally harbors a minor [
66 (b) knows at the time of harboring the minor that the minor is [
76 (c) except as provided in Subsection (3), fails to promptly notify one of the following,
77 by telephone or other reasonable means, of the location of the minor:
78 (i) the parent or legal guardian of the minor;
79 (ii) the division; or
80 (iii) a youth services center.
81 (3) A person described in Subsection (2) is not required to comply with Subsection
82 (2)(c), if:
83 (a) a court order is issued authorizing a peace officer to take the minor into custody;
85 (b) the person promptly notifies a peace officer or the nearest detention center, as
86 defined in Section 62A-7-101 , by telephone or other reasonable means, of the location of the
88 (4) It is an affirmative defense to the crime described in Subsection (2) that:
89 (a) the person failed to promptly provide notice as described in Subsection (2)(c) or
90 (3) due to circumstances beyond the control of the person providing the shelter; and
91 (b) the person provided the notice described in Subsection (2)(c) or (3) as soon as it
92 was reasonably practicable to do so.
95 (a) a youth services center shall:
96 (i) notify the parent or legal guardian that a report has been made; and
97 (ii) inform the parent or legal guardian of assistance available from the [
98 youth services center; or
99 (b) the division shall:
100 (i) determine whether the runaway is abused, neglected, or dependent; and
101 (ii) if appropriate, make a referral for services for the runaway.
103 runaway is being harbored may notify [
104 assistance in retrieving the [
105 law enforcement agency may assist the parent or legal guardian in retrieving the [
112 (7) Nothing in this section prohibits an individual or a temporary homeless youth
113 shelter from continuing to provide shelter to a runaway, after giving the notice described in
114 Subsection (2)(c) or (3), if:
115 (a) a parent or legal guardian of the minor consents to the continued provision of
116 shelter; or
117 (b) a peace officer or a parent or legal guardian of the minor fails to retrieve the
119 (8) Nothing in this section prohibits an individual or a temporary homeless youth
120 shelter from providing shelter to a non-emancipated minor whose parents or legal guardians
121 have intentionally:
122 (a) ceased to maintain physical custody of the minor;
123 (b) failed to make reasonable arrangements for the safety, care, and physical custody
124 of the minor; and
125 (c) failed to provide the minor with food, shelter, or clothing.
126 (9) Nothing in this section prohibits:
127 (a) a receiving center or a youth services center from providing shelter to a runaway in
128 accordance with the requirements of Title 62A, Chapter 7, Juvenile Justice Services, and the
129 rules relating to a receiving center or a youth services center; or
130 (b) a government agency from taking custody of a minor as otherwise provided by
132 (10) Nothing in this section releases a person from the obligation, under Section
133 62A-4a-403 , to report abuse or neglect of a child.
134 Section 2. Section 78A-6-1001 is amended to read:
135 78A-6-1001. Jurisdiction over adults for offenses against minors -- Proof of
136 delinquency not required for conviction.
137 (1) The court shall have jurisdiction, concurrent with the district court or justice court
138 otherwise having subject matter jurisdiction, to try adults for the following offenses committed
139 against minors:
140 (a) unlawful sale or supply of alcohol beverage or product to minors in violation of
141 Section 32A-12-203 ;
142 (b) failure to report abuse or neglect, as required by Title 62A, Chapter 4a, Part 4,
143 Child Abuse or Neglect Reporting Requirements;
144 (c) harboring a [
145 (d) misdemeanor custodial interference in violation of Section 76-5-303 ;
146 (e) contributing to the delinquency of a minor in violation of Section 76-10-2301 ; and
147 (f) failure to comply with compulsory education requirements in violation of Section
148 53A-11-101.5 .
149 (2) It is not necessary for the minor to be found to be delinquent or to have committed
150 a delinquent act for the court to exercise jurisdiction under Subsection (1).
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