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H.B. 42 Enrolled

             1     

ADOPTION REVISIONS

             2     
2009 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Chief Sponsor: Sheryl L. Allen

             5     
Senate Sponsor: Daniel R. Liljenquist

             6     
             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill amends provisions of the Utah Adoption Act.
             10      Highlighted Provisions:
             11          This bill:
             12          .    defines terms, including reducing the age of an "adult adoptee" from 21 to 18;
             13          .    modifies provisions relating to determining the venue of an adoption proceeding;
             14          .    modifies and clarifies provisions relating to providing notice of an adoption
             15      proceeding;
             16          .    provides that notice of an adoption proceeding may be served at any time after the
             17      petition for adoption is filed, but at least 30 days prior to the final disposition
             18      hearing;
             19          .    increases the maximum amount required to be paid by a child-placing agency or
             20      the prospective adoptive parents for counseling of a parent who is placing a child
             21      for adoption from $250 to $400;
             22          .    provides that the maximum amount referred to in the preceding paragraph may be
             23      increased by a signed agreement;
             24          .    modifies provisions relating to who has the right to consent to an adoption;
             25          .    modifies provisions relating to the dissolution of parental rights;
             26          .    amends provisions relating to who may inspect an adoption petition and related
             27      documents;
             28          .    reduces from 21 to 18 the age:
             29              .    of an adult adoptee who may participate in the mutual-consent, voluntary


             30      adoption registry; and
             31              .    that a sibling of the adult adoptee who has the same birth parent as the adult
             32      adoptee, and who was raised in the same family setting as the adult adoptee,
             33      must be before an adult adoptee may obtain information from the
             34      mutual-consent, voluntary adoption registry; and
             35          .    makes technical changes.
             36      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             37          None
             38      Other Special Clauses:
             39          None
             40      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             41      AMENDS:
             42          78B-6-103, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3 and last amended by Laws of
             43      Utah 2008, Chapter 137
             44          78B-6-105, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 137 and renumbered and
             45      amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             46          78B-6-110, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             47          78B-6-115, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             48          78B-6-119, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             49          78B-6-120, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             50          78B-6-121, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3 and last amended by Laws of
             51      Utah 2008, Chapter 123
             52          78B-6-138, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             53          78B-6-141, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             54          78B-6-144, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 137 and renumbered and
             55      amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             56     
             57      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:


             58          Section 1. Section 78B-6-103 is amended to read:
             59           78B-6-103. Definitions.
             60          As used in this part:
             61          (1) "Adoptee" means a person who has been legally adopted.
             62          (2) "Adoption" means the judicial act which creates the relationship of parent and
             63      child where it did not previously exist and which permanently deprives a birth parent of
             64      parental rights.
             65          (3) "Adoption service provider" means a:
             66          (a) child-placing agency; or
             67          (b) licensed counselor who has at least one year of experience providing professional
             68      social work services to:
             69          (i) adoptive parents; or
             70          (ii) birth parents.
             71          (4) "Adult" means a person who is 18 years of age or older.
             72          [(4)] (5) "Adult adoptee" means an adoptee who is [21] 18 years of age or older.
             73          [(5)] (6) "Adult sibling" means a brother or sister of the adoptee, who is [21] 18 years
             74      of age or older and whose birth mother or father is the same as that of the adoptee.
             75          [(6)] (7) "Birth parent" means a biological mother, a person whose paternity of a child
             76      is established, or an alleged father, who has been identified as the father of a child by the
             77      child's birth mother, and who has not denied paternity.
             78          [(7)] (8) "Bureau" means the Bureau of Vital Statistics within the Department of
             79      Health operating under Title 26, Chapter 2, Utah Vital Statistics Act.
             80          [(8)] (9) "Child-placing agency" means an agency licensed to place children for
             81      adoption under Title 62A, Chapter 4a, Part 6, Child Placing.
             82          [(9)] (10) "Cohabiting" means residing with another person and being involved in a
             83      sexual relationship with that person.
             84          [(10)] (11) "Division" means the Division of Child and Family Services, within the
             85      Department of Human Services, created in Section 62A-4a-103 .


             86          [(11)] (12) "Extra-jurisdictional child-placing agency" means an agency licensed to
             87      place children for adoption by a district, territory, or state of the United States, other than
             88      Utah.
             89          [(12)] (13) "Genetic and social history" means a comprehensive report, when
             90      obtainable, on an adoptee's birth parents, aunts, uncles, and grandparents, which contains the
             91      following information:
             92          (a) medical history;
             93          (b) health status;
             94          (c) cause of and age at death;
             95          (d) height, weight, and eye and hair color;
             96          (e) ethnic origins;
             97          (f) where appropriate, levels of education and professional achievement; and
             98          (g) religion, if any.
             99          [(13)] (14) "Health history" means a comprehensive report of the adoptee's health
             100      status at the time of placement for adoption, and medical history, including neonatal,
             101      psychological, physiological, and medical care history.
             102          [(14)] (15) "Identifying information" means the name and address of a birth parent or
             103      adult adoptee, or other specific information which by itself or in reasonable conjunction with
             104      other information may be used to identify that person.
             105          [(15)] (16) "Licensed counselor" means a person who is licensed by the state, or
             106      another state, district, or territory of the United States as a:
             107          (a) certified social worker;
             108          (b) clinical social worker;
             109          (c) psychologist;
             110          (d) marriage and family therapist;
             111          (e) professional counselor; or
             112          (f) an equivalent licensed professional of another state, district, or territory of the
             113      United States.


             114          [(16)] (17) "Parent," for purposes of Section 78B-6-119 , means any person described
             115      in Subsections 78B-6-120 (1)(b) through (f) from whom consent for adoption or
             116      relinquishment for adoption is required under Sections 78B-6-120 through 78B-6-122 .
             117          [(17)] (18) "Unmarried biological father" means a person who:
             118          (a) is the biological father of a child; and
             119          (b) was not married to the biological mother of the child described in Subsection
             120      [(17)] (18)(a) at the time of the child's:
             121          (i) conception; or
             122          (ii) birth.
             123          Section 2. Section 78B-6-105 is amended to read:
             124           78B-6-105. District court venue -- Jurisdiction of juvenile court -- Jurisdiction
             125      over nonresidents -- Time for filing.
             126          (1) Adoption proceedings shall be commenced by filing a petition with the clerk of the
             127      district court either:
             128          (a) in the district where the person adopting resides[, or];
             129          (b) if the person adopting is not a resident of this state, in the district where [the child
             130      was born or in which the child-placing agency that has custody of the child is located; or]:
             131          (i) the proposed adoptee was born;
             132          (ii) the proposed adoptee resides on the day on which the petition is filed; or
             133          (iii) a parent of the proposed adoptee resides on the day on which the petition is filed;
             134      or
             135          [(b)] (c) with the juvenile court as provided in Subsection 78A-6-103 (1).
             136          (2) All orders, decrees, agreements, and notices in the proceedings shall be filed with
             137      the clerk of the court where the adoption proceedings were commenced under Subsection (1).
             138          (3) A petition for adoption shall be filed within 30 days of the date the adoptee is
             139      placed in the home of the petitioners for the purpose of adoption, unless:
             140          (a) the time for filing has been extended by the court; or
             141          (b) the adoption is arranged by a child-placing agency in which case the agency may


             142      extend the filing time.
             143          (4) (a) If a person whose consent for the adoption is required under Section 78B-6-120
             144      or 78B-6-121 cannot be found within the state, the fact of the minor's presence within the state
             145      shall confer jurisdiction on the court in proceedings under this chapter as to such absent
             146      person, provided that due notice has been given in accordance with the Utah Rules of Civil
             147      Procedure.
             148          (b) The notice may not include the name of:
             149          (i) the person or persons seeking to adopt the adoptee; or
             150          (ii) an unmarried mother without her consent.
             151          (5) Service of notice as provided in Subsection (6) shall vest the court with
             152      jurisdiction over the person served in the same manner and to the same extent as if the person
             153      served was served personally within the state.
             154          (6) In the case of service outside the state, service completed not less than five days
             155      before the time set in the notice for appearance of the person served, shall be sufficient to
             156      confer jurisdiction.
             157          (7) Computation of periods of time not otherwise set forth in this section shall be
             158      made in accordance with the Utah Rules of Civil Procedure.
             159          Section 3. Section 78B-6-110 is amended to read:
             160           78B-6-110. Notice of adoption proceedings.
             161          (1) (a) An unmarried biological father, by virtue of the fact that he has engaged in a
             162      sexual relationship with a woman:
             163          (i) is considered to be on notice that a pregnancy and an adoption proceeding
             164      regarding the child may occur; and
             165          (ii) has a duty to protect his own rights and interests.
             166          (b) An unmarried biological father is entitled to actual notice of a birth or an adoption
             167      proceeding with regard to his child only as provided in this section.
             168          (2) Notice of an adoption proceeding shall be served on each of the following persons:
             169          (a) any person or agency whose consent or relinquishment is required under Section


             170      78B-6-120 or 78B-6-121 , unless that right has been terminated by:
             171          (i) waiver;
             172          (ii) relinquishment;
             173          (iii) consent; or
             174          (iv) judicial action;
             175          (b) any person who has initiated a paternity proceeding and filed notice of that action
             176      with the state registrar of vital statistics within the Department of Health, in accordance with
             177      Subsection (3);
             178          (c) any legally appointed custodian or guardian of the adoptee;
             179          (d) the petitioner's spouse, if any, only if the petitioner's spouse has not joined in the
             180      petition;
             181          (e) the adoptee's spouse, if any;
             182          (f) any person who, prior to the time the mother executes her consent for adoption or
             183      relinquishes the child for adoption, is recorded on the birth certificate as the child's father,
             184      with the knowledge and consent of the mother;
             185          (g) a person who is:
             186          (i) openly living in the same household with the child at the time the consent is
             187      executed or relinquishment made; and
             188          (ii) holding himself out to be the child's father; and
             189          (h) any person who is married to the child's mother at the time she executes her
             190      consent to the adoption or relinquishes the child for adoption.
             191          (3) (a) In order to preserve any right to notice [and consent], an unmarried, biological
             192      father may, consistent with Subsection (3)(d):
             193          (i) initiate proceedings in a district court of the state of Utah to establish paternity
             194      under Title 78B, Chapter 15, Utah Uniform Parentage Act; and
             195          (ii) file a notice of [the initiation] commencement of the proceedings described in
             196      Subsection (3)(a)(i) with the state registrar of vital statistics within the Department of Health.
             197          (b) If the unmarried, biological father does not know the county in which the birth


             198      mother resides, he may initiate his action in any county, subject to a change in trial pursuant to
             199      Section 78B-3-307 .
             200          (c) The Department of Health shall provide forms for the purpose of filing the notice
             201      described in Subsection (3)(a)(ii), and make those forms available in the office of the county
             202      health department in each county.
             203          (d) The action and notice described in Subsection (3)(a):
             204          (i) may be filed before or after the child's birth; and
             205          (ii) shall be filed prior to the mother's:
             206          (A) execution of consent to adoption of the child; or
             207          (B) relinquishment of the child for adoption.
             208          (4) Notice provided in accordance with this section need not disclose the name of the
             209      mother of the child who is the subject of an adoption proceeding.
             210          (5) The notice required by this section:
             211          (a) may be served [immediately after relinquishment or execution of consent] at any
             212      time after the petition for adoption is filed;
             213          (b) shall be served at least 30 days prior to the final dispositional hearing;
             214          (c) shall specifically state that the person served must respond to the petition within 30
             215      days of service if he intends to intervene in or contest the adoption;
             216          (d) shall state the consequences, described in Subsection (6)(b), for failure of a person
             217      to file a motion for relief within 30 days after the day on which the person is served with
             218      notice of an adoption proceeding;
             219          (e) is not required to include, nor be accompanied by, a summons or a copy of the
             220      petition for adoption; and
             221          (f) shall state where the person may obtain a copy of the petition for adoption.
             222          (6) (a) A person who has been served with notice of an adoption proceeding and who
             223      wishes to contest the adoption shall file a motion to intervene in the adoption proceeding:
             224          (i) within 30 days after the day on which the person was served with notice of the
             225      adoption proceeding;


             226          (ii) setting forth specific relief sought; and
             227          (iii) accompanied by a memorandum specifying the factual and legal grounds upon
             228      which the motion is based.
             229          (b) A person who fails to file a motion for relief within 30 days after the day on which
             230      the person was served with notice of the adoption proceeding:
             231          (i) waives any right to further notice in connection with the adoption;
             232          (ii) forfeits all rights in relation to the adoptee; and
             233          (iii) is barred from thereafter bringing or maintaining any action to assert any interest
             234      in the adoptee.
             235          (7) Service of notice under this section shall be made as follows:
             236          (a) (i) Subject to Subsection (5)(e), service on a person whose consent is necessary
             237      under Section 78B-6-120 or 78B-6-121 shall be in accordance with the provisions of the Utah
             238      Rules of Civil Procedure.
             239          (ii) If service of a person described in Subsection (7)(a)(i) is by publication, the court
             240      shall designate the content of the notice regarding the identity of the parties.
             241          (iii) The notice described in this Subsection (7)(a) may not include the name of a
             242      person seeking to adopt the adoptee.
             243          (b) (i) Except as provided in Subsection (7)(b)(ii) to any other person for whom notice
             244      is required under this section, service by certified mail, return receipt requested, is sufficient.
             245          (ii) If the service described in Subsection (7)(b)(i) cannot be completed after two
             246      attempts, the court may issue an order providing for service by publication, posting, or by any
             247      other manner of service.
             248          (c) Notice to a person who has initiated a paternity proceeding and filed notice of that
             249      action with the state registrar of vital statistics in the Department of Health in accordance with
             250      the requirements of Subsection (3), shall be served by certified mail, return receipt requested,
             251      at the last address filed with the registrar.
             252          (8) The notice required by this section may be waived in writing by the person entitled
             253      to receive notice.


             254          (9) Proof of service of notice on all persons for whom notice is required by this section
             255      shall be filed with the court before the final dispositional hearing on the adoption.
             256          (10) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, neither the notice of an adoption
             257      proceeding nor any process in that proceeding is required to contain the name of the person or
             258      persons seeking to adopt the adoptee.
             259          (11) Except as to those persons whose consent to an adoption is required under
             260      Section 78B-6-120 or 78B-6-121 , the sole purpose of notice under this section is to enable the
             261      person served to:
             262          (a) intervene in the adoption; and
             263          (b) present evidence to the court relevant to the best interest of the child.
             264          Section 4. Section 78B-6-115 is amended to read:
             265           78B-6-115. Who may adopt -- Adoption of minor -- Adoption of adult.
             266          (1) For purposes of this section, "vulnerable adult" means:
             267          (a) a person 65 years of age or older; or
             268          (b) an adult, 18 years of age or older, who has a mental or physical impairment which
             269      substantially affects that person's ability to:
             270          (i) provide personal protection;
             271          (ii) provide necessities such as food, shelter, clothing, or medical or other health care;
             272          (iii) obtain services necessary for health, safety, or welfare;
             273          (iv) carry out the activities of daily living;
             274          (v) manage the adult's own resources; or
             275          (vi) comprehend the nature and consequences of remaining in a situation of abuse,
             276      neglect, or exploitation.
             277          (2) Subject to this section and Section 78B-6-117 , any adult may be adopted by
             278      another adult.
             279          (3) The following provisions of this part apply to the adoption of an adult just as
             280      though the person being adopted were a minor:
             281          (a) (i) Section 78B-6-108 ;


             282          (ii) Section 78B-6-114 ;
             283          (iii) Section 78B-6-116 ;
             284          (iv) Section 78B-6-118 ;
             285          (v) Section 78B-6-124 ;
             286          (vi) Section 78B-6-136 ;
             287          (vii) Section 78B-6-137 ;
             288          (viii) Section 78B-6-138 ;
             289          (ix) Section 78B-6-139 ;
             290          (x) Section 78B-6-141 ; and
             291          (xi) Section 78B-6-142 ;
             292          (b) Subsections [ 78B-6-106 (1)] 78B-6-105 (1)(a), (1)(b)(i), (1)(b)(ii), (2), and (7),
             293      except that the juvenile court does not have jurisdiction over a proceeding for adoption of an
             294      adult, unless the adoption arises from a case where the juvenile court has continuing
             295      jurisdiction over the adult adoptee; and
             296          (c) if the adult adoptee is a vulnerable adult, Sections 78B-6-128 through 78B-6-131 ,
             297      regardless of whether the adult adoptee resides, or will reside, with the adoptors, unless the
             298      court, based on a finding of good cause, waives the requirements of those sections.
             299          (4) Before a court enters a final decree of adoption of an adult, the adoptee and the
             300      adoptive parent or parents shall appear before the court presiding over the adoption
             301      proceedings and execute consent to the adoption.
             302          (5) No provision of this part, other than those listed or described in this section or
             303      Section 78B-6-117 , apply to the adoption of an adult.
             304          Section 5. Section 78B-6-119 is amended to read:
             305           78B-6-119. Counseling for parents.
             306          (1) Subject to Subsection (2)(a), before relinquishing a child to a child-placing agency,
             307      or consenting to the adoption of a child, a parent of the child has the right to participate in
             308      counseling:
             309          (a) by a licensed counselor or an adoption service provider selected by the parent


             310      participating in the counseling;
             311          (b) for up to three sessions of at least 50 minutes per session; and
             312          (c) subject to Subsection (2)(b), at the expense of the:
             313          (i) child-placing agency; or
             314          (ii) prospective adoptive parents.
             315          (2) (a) Notwithstanding Subsection (1), a parent who has the right to participate in the
             316      counseling described in this section may waive that right.
             317          (b) Notwithstanding Subsection (1)(c), the total amount required to be paid by a
             318      child-placing agency or the prospective adoptive parents for the counseling described in
             319      Subsection (1) may not exceed [$250.] $400, unless an agreement for a greater amount is
             320      signed by:
             321          (i) the parent who receives the counseling; and
             322          (ii) the child-placing agency or prospective adoptive parents.
             323          (3) Before a parent relinquishes a child to a child-placing agency, or consents to the
             324      adoption of a child, the parent shall be informed of the right described in Subsection (1) by
             325      the:
             326          (a) child-placing agency;
             327          (b) prospective adoptive parents; or
             328          (c) representative of a person described in Subsection (3)(a) or (b).
             329          (4) (a) Subject to Subsections (4)(b) and (c), before the day on which a final decree of
             330      adoption is entered, a statement shall be filed with the court that:
             331          (i) is signed by each parent who:
             332          (A) relinquishes the parent's parental rights; or
             333          (B) consents to the adoption; and
             334          (ii) states that, before the parent took the action described in Subsection (4)(a)(i)(A) or
             335      (B), the parent was advised of the parent's right to participate in the counseling described in
             336      this section at the expense of the:
             337          (A) child-placing agency; or


             338          (B) prospective adoptive parents.
             339          (b) The statement described in Subsection (4)(a) may be included in the document
             340      that:
             341          (i) relinquishes the parent's parental rights; or
             342          (ii) consents to the adoption.
             343          (c) Failure by a person to give the notice described in Subsection (3), or pay for the
             344      counseling described in this section:
             345          (i) shall not constitute grounds for invalidating a:
             346          (A) relinquishment of parental rights; or
             347          (B) consent to adoption; and
             348          (ii) shall give rise to a cause of action for the recovery of damages suffered, if any, by
             349      the parent or guardian who took the action described in Subsection (4)(c)(i)(A) or (B) against
             350      the person required to:
             351          (A) give the notice described in Subsection (3); or
             352          (B) pay for the counseling described in this section.
             353          Section 6. Section 78B-6-120 is amended to read:
             354           78B-6-120. Necessary consent to adoption or relinquishment for adoption.
             355          (1) Except as provided in Subsection (2), consent to adoption of a child, or
             356      relinquishment of a child for adoption, is required from:
             357          (a) the adoptee, if the adoptee is more than 12 years of age, unless the adoptee does
             358      not have the mental capacity to consent;
             359          (b) [both parents or the surviving parent of an adoptee who was conceived or born
             360      within a marriage;] a man who:
             361          (i) by operation of law under Section 78B-15-204 , is recognized as the father of the
             362      proposed adoptee, unless:
             363          (A) the presumption is rebutted under Section 78B-15-607 ; or
             364          (B) the man was not married to the mother of the proposed adoptee until after the
             365      mother consented to adoption, or relinquishment for adoption, of the proposed adoptee; or


             366          (ii) is the father of the adoptee by a previous legal adoption;
             367          (c) the mother of [an] the adoptee [born outside of marriage];
             368          (d) a biological parent who has been adjudicated to be the child's biological father by a
             369      court of competent jurisdiction prior to the mother's execution of consent to adoption or her
             370      relinquishment of the child for adoption;
             371          (e) consistent with Subsection (3), a biological parent who has executed and filed a
             372      voluntary declaration of paternity with the state registrar of vital statistics within the
             373      Department of Health in accordance with Title 78B, Chapter 15, Utah Uniform Parentage Act,
             374      prior to the mother's execution of consent to adoption or her relinquishment of the child for
             375      adoption;
             376          (f) an unmarried biological father of an adoptee, only if he fully and strictly complies
             377      with the requirements of Sections 78B-6-121 and 78B-6-122 ; and
             378          (g) the person or agency to whom an adoptee has been relinquished and that is placing
             379      the child for adoption.
             380          (2) (a) The consent of a person described in Subsections (1)(b) through (g) is not
             381      required if the adoptee is 18 years of age or older.
             382          (b) The consent of a person described in Subsections (1)(b) through (f) is not required
             383      if the person's parental rights relating to the adoptee have been terminated.
             384          (3) For purposes of Subsection (1)(e), a voluntary declaration of paternity is
             385      considered filed when it is entered into a database that:
             386          (a) can be accessed by the Department of Health; and
             387          (b) is designated by the state registrar of vital statistics as the official database for
             388      voluntary declarations of paternity.
             389          Section 7. Section 78B-6-121 is amended to read:
             390           78B-6-121. Consent of unmarried biological father.
             391          (1) Except as provided in Subsections (2)(a) and 78B-6-122 (1), and subject to
             392      Subsection (5), with regard to a child who is placed with adoptive parents more than six
             393      months after birth, consent of an unmarried biological father is not required unless the


             394      unmarried biological father:
             395          (a) (i) developed a substantial relationship with the child by:
             396          (A) visiting the child monthly, unless the unmarried biological father was physically
             397      or financially unable to visit the child on a monthly basis; or
             398          (B) engaging in regular communication with the child or with the person or authorized
             399      agency that has lawful custody of the child;
             400          (ii) took some measure of responsibility for the child and the child's future; and
             401          (iii) demonstrated a full commitment to the responsibilities of parenthood by financial
             402      support of the child of a fair and reasonable sum in accordance with the father's ability; or
             403          (b) (i) openly lived with the child:
             404          (A) (I) for a period of at least six months during the one-year period immediately
             405      preceding the day on which the child is placed with adoptive parents; or
             406          (II) if the child is less than one year old, for a period of at least six months during the
             407      period of time beginning on the day on which the child is born and ending on the day on
             408      which the child is placed with adoptive parents; and
             409          (B) immediately preceding placement of the child with adoptive parents; and
             410          (ii) openly held himself out to be the father of the child during the six-month period
             411      described in Subsection (1)(b)(i)(A).
             412          (2) (a) If an unmarried biological father was prevented from complying with a
             413      requirement of Subsection (1) by the person or authorized agency having lawful custody of the
             414      child, the unmarried biological father is not required to comply with that requirement.
             415          (b) The subjective intent of an unmarried biological father, whether expressed or
             416      otherwise, that is unsupported by evidence that the requirements in Subsection (1) have been
             417      met, shall not preclude a determination that the father failed to meet the requirements of
             418      Subsection (1).
             419          (3) Except as provided in Subsection 78B-6-122 (1), and subject to Subsection (5),
             420      with regard to a child who is six months of age or less at the time the child is placed with
             421      adoptive parents, consent of an unmarried biological father is not required unless, prior to the


             422      time the mother executes her consent for adoption or relinquishes the child for adoption, the
             423      unmarried biological father:
             424          (a) initiates proceedings in a district court of [the state] Utah to establish paternity
             425      under Title 78B, Chapter 15, Utah Uniform Parentage Act;
             426          (b) files with the court that is presiding over the paternity proceeding a sworn
             427      affidavit:
             428          (i) stating that he is fully able and willing to have full custody of the child;
             429          (ii) setting forth his plans for care of the child; and
             430          (iii) agreeing to a court order of child support and the payment of expenses incurred in
             431      connection with the mother's pregnancy and the child's birth;
             432          (c) consistent with Subsection (4), files notice of the commencement of paternity
             433      proceedings, described in Subsection (3)(a), with the state registrar of vital statistics within the
             434      Department of Health, in a confidential registry established by the department for that
             435      purpose; and
             436          (d) offered to pay and paid a fair and reasonable amount of the expenses incurred in
             437      connection with the mother's pregnancy and the child's birth, in accordance with his financial
             438      ability, unless:
             439          (i) he did not have actual knowledge of the pregnancy;
             440          (ii) he was prevented from paying the expenses by the person or authorized agency
             441      having lawful custody of the child; or
             442          (iii) the mother refuses to accept the unmarried biological father's offer to pay the
             443      expenses described in this Subsection (3)(d).
             444          (4) The notice described in Subsection (3)(c) is considered filed when it is entered into
             445      the registry described in Subsection (3)(c).
             446          (5) Consent of an unmarried biological father is not required under this section if:
             447          (a) the court determines, in accordance with the requirements and procedures of Title
             448      78A, Chapter 6, Part 5, Termination of Parental Rights Act, that the unmarried biological
             449      father's rights should be terminated, based on the petition of any interested party; or


             450          (b) (i) a declaration of paternity declaring the unmarried biological father to be the
             451      father of the child is rescinded under Section 78B-15-306 ; and
             452          (ii) the unmarried biological father fails to comply with Subsection (3) within ten
             453      business days after the day that notice of the rescission described in Subsection (5)(b)(i) is
             454      mailed by the Office of Vital Records within the Department of Health as provided in Section
             455      78B-15-306 .
             456          (6) Unless the adoptee is conceived or born within a marriage, the petitioner in an
             457      adoption proceeding shall, prior to entrance of a final decree of adoption, file with the court a
             458      certificate from the state registrar of vital statistics within the Department of Health, stating:
             459          (a) that a diligent search has been made of the registry of notices from unmarried
             460      biological fathers described in Subsection (3)(c); and
             461          (b) (i) that no filing has been found pertaining to the father of the child in question; or
             462          (ii) if a filing is found, the name of the putative father and the time and date of filing.
             463          Section 8. Section 78B-6-138 is amended to read:
             464           78B-6-138. Biological parent's rights and duties dissolved.
             465          (1) A [birth] biological parent of an adopted child is released from all parental duties
             466      toward and all responsibilities for the adopted child, including residual rights, and has no
             467      further rights with regard to that child at the earlier of:
             468          [(1)] (a) the time the parent's parental rights are terminated; or
             469          [(2)] (b) except as provided in Subsection (2), and subject to Subsection (3), the time
             470      the final decree of adoption is entered.
             471          (2) The rights and duties of a biological parent described in Subsection (1) who, at the
             472      time the child is adopted, is lawfully married to the person adopting the child are not released
             473      or terminated under Subsection (1)(b).
             474          (3) The rights and duties of a biological parent described in Subsection (1) who, at the
             475      time the child is adopted, is not lawfully married to the person adopting the child are
             476      terminated as provided in Subsection (1)(b).
             477          Section 9. Section 78B-6-141 is amended to read:


             478           78B-6-141. Petition, report, and documents sealed -- Exceptions.
             479          [The court shall order that the] (1) A petition for adoption, the written report described
             480      in Section 78B-6-135 , and any other documents filed in connection with the [hearing be]
             481      petition are sealed. [Those items are not open to inspection or copying except:]
             482          (2) The documents described in Subsection (1) may only be open to inspection as
             483      follows:
             484          (a) in accordance with Subsection (3)(a), by a party to the adoption proceeding:
             485          (i) while the proceeding is pending; or
             486          (ii) within six months after the day on which the adoption decree is entered;
             487          (b) subject to Subsection (3)(b), a court enters an order permitting access to the
             488      documents by a person who has appealed the denial of that person's motion to intervene;
             489          [(1)] (c) upon order of the court expressly permitting inspection or copying, after good
             490      cause has been shown;
             491          [(2)] (d) as provided under Section 78B-6-144 ;
             492          [(3)] (e) those records shall become public on the one hundredth anniversary of the
             493      date the final decree of adoption was entered; or
             494          [(4)] (f) if the adoptee is an adult at the time the final decree of adoption is entered, the
             495      documents described in this section are open to inspection and copying without a court order
             496      by the adoptee or a parent who adopted the adoptee, unless the final decree of adoption is
             497      entered by the juvenile court under Subsection 78B-6-115 (3)(b).
             498          (3) (a) A person who files a motion to intervene in an adoption proceeding:
             499          (i) is not a party to the adoption proceeding, unless the motion to intervene is granted;
             500      and
             501          (ii) may not be granted access to the documents described in Subsection (1), unless the
             502      motion to intervene is granted.
             503          (b) An order described in Subsection (2)(b) shall:
             504          (i) prohibit the person described in Subsection (2)(b) from inspecting a document
             505      described in Subsection (1) that contains identifying information of the adoptive or potential


             506      adoptive parents; and
             507          (ii) permit the person described in Subsection (3)(b)(i) to review a copy of a document
             508      described in Subsection (3)(b)(i) after the identifying information described in Subsection
             509      (3)(b)(i) is redacted from the document.
             510          Section 10. Section 78B-6-144 is amended to read:
             511           78B-6-144. Mutual-consent, voluntary adoption registry -- Procedures -- Fees.
             512          (1) The bureau shall establish a mutual-consent, voluntary adoption registry.
             513          (a) Adult adoptees and birth parents of adult adoptees, upon presentation of positive
             514      identification, may request identifying information from the bureau, in the form established by
             515      the bureau. A court of competent jurisdiction or a child-placing agency may accept that
             516      request from the adult adoptee or birth parent, in the form provided by the bureau, and transfer
             517      that request to the bureau. The adult adoptee or birth parent is responsible for notifying the
             518      bureau of any change in information contained in the request.
             519          (b) The bureau may only release identifying information to an adult adoptee or birth
             520      parent when it receives requests from both the adoptee and his birth parent.
             521          (c) After matching the request of an adult adoptee with that of at least one of his birth
             522      parents, the bureau shall notify both the adoptee and the birth parent that the requests have
             523      been matched, and disclose the identifying information to those parties. However, if that adult
             524      adoptee has a sibling of the same birth parent who is under the age of [21] 18 years, and who
             525      was raised in the same family setting as the adult adoptee, the bureau shall not disclose the
             526      requested identifying information to that adult adoptee or his birth parent.
             527          (2) (a) Adult adoptees and adult siblings of adult adoptees, upon presentation of
             528      positive identification, may request identifying information from the bureau, in the form
             529      established by the bureau. A court of competent jurisdiction or a child-placing agency may
             530      accept that request from the adult adoptee or adult sibling, in the form provided by the bureau,
             531      and transfer that request to the bureau. The adult adoptee or adult sibling is responsible for
             532      notifying the bureau of any change in information contained in the request.
             533          (b) The bureau may only release identifying information to an adult adoptee or adult


             534      sibling when it receives requests from both the adoptee and his adult sibling.
             535          (c) After matching the request of an adult adoptee with that of his adult sibling, if the
             536      bureau has been provided with sufficient information to make that match, the bureau shall
             537      notify both the adoptee and the adult sibling that the requests have been matched, and disclose
             538      the identifying information to those parties.
             539          (3) Information registered with the bureau under this section is available only to a
             540      registered adult adoptee and his registered birth parent or registered adult sibling, under the
             541      terms of this section.
             542          (4) Information regarding a birth parent who has not registered a request with the
             543      bureau may not be disclosed.
             544          (5) The bureau may charge a fee for services provided under this section, limited to
             545      the cost of providing those services.


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