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H.B. 90 Enrolled

             1     

ABORTION LAW AMENDMENTS

             2     
2009 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Chief Sponsor: Paul Ray

             5     
Senate Sponsor: Curtis S. Bramble

             6      Cosponsor:Kerry W. Gibson              7     
             8      LONG TITLE
             9      General Description:
             10          This bill amends portions of the Utah Criminal Code relating to abortion.
             11      Highlighted Provisions:
             12          This bill:
             13          .    removes an unconstitutional provision requiring that all abortions performed 90
             14      days or more after the commencement of a pregnancy be performed in a hospital;
             15          .    defines the term "viable";
             16          .    provides that an abortion may only be performed in this state if:
             17              .    the unborn child is not viable; or
             18              .    the unborn child is viable, if the abortion is necessary to avert the death of the
             19      woman on whom the abortion is performed, the abortion is necessary to avert a
             20      serious risk of substantial and irreversible impairment of a major bodily
             21      function of the woman, two physicians who practice maternal fetal medicine
             22      concur, in writing, that the fetus has a defect that is uniformly diagnosable and
             23      uniformly lethal, or the woman is pregnant as a result of rape, rape of a child, or
             24      incest;
             25          .    provides that a violation of the provisions in the preceding paragraph constitute the
             26      second degree felony offense of "killing an unborn child";
             27          .    provides that a woman who seeks to have, or obtains, an abortion for herself is not
             28      criminally liable;
             29          .    makes technical changes; and


             30          .    enacts an uncodified severability clause.
             31      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             32          None
             33      Other Special Clauses:
             34          This bill provides a severability clause.
             35      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             36      AMENDS:
             37          76-7-302, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2004, Chapter 90
             38          76-7-314, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2004, Chapter 272
             39      ENACTS:
             40          76-7-314.5, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             41      REPEALS:
             42          76-7-317.2, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 250
             43      Uncodified Material Affected:
             44      ENACTS UNCODIFIED MATERIAL
             45     
             46      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             47          Section 1. Section 76-7-302 is amended to read:
             48           76-7-302. Circumstances under which abortion authorized.
             49          (1) As used in this section, "viable" means that the unborn child has reached a stage of
             50      fetal development when the unborn child is potentially able to live outside the womb, as
             51      determined by the attending physician to a reasonable degree of medical certainty.
             52          [(1)] (2) An abortion may be performed in this state only by a physician licensed to
             53      practice medicine under Title 58, Chapter 67, Utah Medical Practice Act or an osteopathic
             54      physician licensed to practice medicine under Title 58, Chapter 68, Utah Osteopathic Medical
             55      Practice Act [and, if performed 90 days or more after the commencement of the pregnancy as
             56      defined by competent medical practices, it shall be performed in a hospital].
             57          [(2)] (3) An abortion may be performed in this state only under the following


             58      circumstances:
             59          [(a) in the professional judgment of the pregnant woman's attending physician, the
             60      abortion is necessary to save the pregnant woman's life;]
             61          [(b) the pregnancy is the result of rape or rape of a child, as defined by Sections
             62      76-5-402 and 76-5-402.1 , that was reported to a law enforcement agency prior to the
             63      abortion;]
             64          [(c) the pregnancy is the result of incest, as defined by Subsection 76-5-406 (10) or
             65      Section 76-7-102 , and the incident was reported to a law enforcement agency prior to the
             66      abortion;]
             67          [(d) in the professional judgment of the pregnant woman's attending physician, to
             68      prevent grave damage to the pregnant woman's medical health; or]
             69          [(e) in the professional judgment of the pregnant woman's attending physician, to
             70      prevent the birth of a child that would be born with grave defects.]
             71          [(3) After 20 weeks gestational age, measured from the date of conception, an abortion
             72      may be performed only for those purposes and circumstances described in Subsections (2)(a),
             73      (d), and (e).]
             74          [(4) The name of a victim reported pursuant to Subsection (2)(b) or (c) is confidential
             75      and may not be revealed by law enforcement or any other party except upon approval of the
             76      victim. This subsection does not effect or supersede parental notification requirements
             77      otherwise provided by law.]
             78          (a) the unborn child is not viable; or
             79          (b) the unborn child is viable, if:
             80          (i) the abortion is necessary to avert:
             81          (A) the death of the woman on whom the abortion is performed; or
             82          (B) a serious risk of substantial and irreversible impairment of a major bodily function
             83      of the woman on whom the abortion is performed;
             84          (ii) two physicians who practice maternal fetal medicine concur, in writing, in the
             85      patient's medical record that the fetus has a defect that is uniformly diagnosable and uniformly


             86      lethal; or
             87          (iii) (A) the woman is pregnant as a result of:
             88          (I) rape, as described in Section 76-5-402 ;
             89          (II) rape of a child, as described in Section 76-5-402.1 ; or
             90          (III) incest, as described in Subsection 76-5-406 (10) or Section 76-7-102 ; and
             91          (B) before the abortion is performed, the physician who performs the abortion:
             92          (I) verifies that the incident described in Subsection (3)(b)(iii)(A) has been reported to
             93      law enforcement; and
             94          (II) complies with the requirements of Section 62A-4a-403 .
             95          (4) Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, a woman who seeks to have,
             96      or obtains, an abortion for herself is not criminally liable.
             97          Section 2. Section 76-7-314 is amended to read:
             98           76-7-314. Violations of abortion laws -- Classifications.
             99          [(1) (a) Any person who intentionally performs an abortion other than as authorized by
             100      this part is guilty of a felony of the third degree.]
             101          [(b) (i)] (1) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a woman who seeks to have
             102      or obtains an abortion for herself is not criminally liable.
             103          [(ii)] (2) A woman upon whom a partial birth abortion is performed may not be
             104      prosecuted under Section 76-7-326 or 76-7-329 for a conspiracy to violate Section 76-7-326
             105      or 76-7-329 .
             106          [(2)] (3) A willful violation of Section 76-7-307 , 76-7-308 , 76-7-310 , 76-7-310.5 ,
             107      76-7-311 , or 76-7-312 is a felony of the third degree.
             108          [(3)] (4) A violation of Section 76-7-326 or 76-7-329 is a felony of the third degree.
             109          (5) A violation of Section 76-7-314.5 is a felony of the second degree.
             110          [(4)] (6) A violation of any other provision of this part is a class A misdemeanor.
             111          Section 3. Section 76-7-314.5 is enacted to read:
             112          76-7-314.5. Killing an unborn child.
             113          (1) A person is guilty of killing an unborn child if the person causes the death of an


             114      unborn child by performing an abortion of the unborn child in violation of the provisions of
             115      Subsection 76-7-302 (3).
             116          (2) Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, a woman who seeks to have,
             117      or obtains, an abortion for herself is not criminally liable.
             118          Section 4. Repealer.
             119          This bill repeals:
             120          Section 76-7-317.2, Finding of unconstitutionality -- Revival of old law.
             121          Section 5. Severability clause.
             122          If any one or more provision, section, subsection, sentence, clause, phrase, or word of
             123      this bill or the application thereof to any person or circumstance is found to be
             124      unconstitutional, the same is hereby declared to be severable and the balance of this bill shall
             125      remain effective notwithstanding such unconstitutionality. The Legislature hereby declares
             126      that it would have passed this bill, and each provision, section, subsection, sentence, clause,
             127      phrase, or word thereof, irrespective of the fact that any one or more provision, section,
             128      subsection, sentence, clause, phrase, or word be declared unconstitutional.


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