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H.B. 194 Enrolled






Chief Sponsor: Ronda Rudd Menlove

Senate Sponsor: Margaret Dayton

             8      LONG TITLE
             9      General Description:
             10          This bill enacts certain education policies related to military children.
             11      Highlighted Provisions:
             12          This bill:
             13          .    provides definitions;
             14          .    allows for certain exceptions when military children transfer schools, including:
             15              .    the use of official and unofficial education records;
             16              .    time periods for producing official records;
             17              .    age of school enrollment;
             18              .    immunizations;
             19              .    provisions related to parental consent; and
             20              .    graduation provisions; and
             21          .    makes technical changes.
             22      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             23          None
             24      Other Special Clauses:
             25          None
             26      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             27      AMENDS:
             28          53A-1-611, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Second Special Session, Chapter 6
             29          53A-3-402, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 92

             30          53A-11-302, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1992, Chapter 129
             31          53A-11-504, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 164
             32      ENACTS:
             33          53A-11-1401, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             34          53A-11-1402, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             35          53A-11-1403, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             36          53A-11-1404, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             38      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             39          Section 1. Section 53A-1-611 is amended to read:
             40           53A-1-611. Standards and assessment processes to measure student performance
             41      -- Basic skills competency test.
             42          (1) The Legislature recognizes the need for the State Board of Education to develop
             43      and implement standards and assessment processes to ensure that student progress is measured
             44      and that school boards and school personnel are accountable.
             45          (2) (a) In addition to its responsibilities under Sections 53A-1-603 through
             46      53A-1-605 , the State Board of Education, through the state superintendent of public
             47      instruction, shall design a basic skills competency test to be administered in the tenth grade.
             48          (b) Except as provided in Subsection (5) and Section 53A-11-1404 , a student must
             49      pass the basic skills competency test, in addition to the established requirements of the state
             50      and local board of education of the district in which the student attends school, in order to
             51      receive a basic high school diploma of graduation.
             52          (c) The state board shall include in the test, at a minimum, components on English
             53      language arts and reading and mathematics.
             54          (d) Except as provided in Subsection (5) and Section 53A-11-1404 , a student who
             55      fails to pass all components of the test may not receive a basic high school diploma but may
             56      receive a certificate of completion or alternative completion diploma under rules made by the
             57      State Board of Education in accordance with Title 63G, Chapter 3, Utah Administrative

             58      Rulemaking Act.
             59          (e) The state board shall make rules:
             60          (i) to allow students who initially fail the test to retake all or part of the test; and
             61          (ii) that take into account and are consistent with federal law relating to students with
             62      disabilities in the administration of the test.
             63          (3) The state board shall implement the tenth grade basic skills competency test, no
             64      later than the beginning of the 2003-04 school year.
             65          (4) The requirements of this section are to be complementary to the other achievement
             66      testing provisions of this part.
             67          (5) A student enrolled in a school district or charter school that is exempt from
             68      administering the tenth grade basic skills competency test is subject to high school graduation
             69      standards adopted by the State Board of Education pursuant to Section 53A-1-603 .
             70          Section 2. Section 53A-3-402 is amended to read:
             71           53A-3-402. Powers and duties generally.
             72          (1) Each local school board shall:
             73          (a) implement the core curriculum utilizing instructional materials that best correlate
             74      to the core curriculum and graduation requirements;
             75          (b) administer tests, required by the State Board of Education, which measure the
             76      progress of each student, and coordinate with the state superintendent and State Board of
             77      Education to assess results and create plans to improve the student's progress which shall be
             78      submitted to the State Office of Education for approval;
             79          (c) use progress-based assessments as part of a plan to identify schools, teachers, and
             80      students that need remediation and determine the type and amount of federal, state, and local
             81      resources to implement remediation;
             82          (d) develop early warning systems for students or classes failing to make progress;
             83          (e) work with the State Office of Education to establish a library of documented best
             84      practices, consistent with state and federal regulations, for use by the local districts; and
             85          (f) implement training programs for school administrators, including basic

             86      management training, best practices in instructional methods, budget training, staff
             87      management, managing for learning results and continuous improvement, and how to help
             88      every child achieve optimal learning in core academics.
             89          (2) Local school boards shall spend minimum school program funds for programs and
             90      activities for which the State Board of Education has established minimum standards or rules
             91      under Section 53A-1-402 .
             92          (3) (a) A board may purchase, sell, and make improvements on school sites, buildings,
             93      and equipment and construct, erect, and furnish school buildings.
             94          (b) School sites or buildings may only be conveyed or sold on board resolution
             95      affirmed by at least two-thirds of the members.
             96          (4) (a) A board may participate in the joint construction or operation of a school
             97      attended by children residing within the district and children residing in other districts either
             98      within or outside the state.
             99          (b) Any agreement for the joint operation or construction of a school shall:
             100          (i) be signed by the president of the board of each participating district;
             101          (ii) include a mutually agreed upon pro rata cost; and
             102          (iii) be filed with the State Board of Education.
             103          (5) A board may establish, locate, and maintain elementary, secondary, and applied
             104      technology schools.
             105          (6) [A] Except as provided in Subsection 53A-11-1402 (3), a board may enroll
             106      children in school who are at least five years of age before September 2 of the year in which
             107      admission is sought.
             108          (7) A board may establish and support school libraries.
             109          (8) A board may collect damages for the loss, injury, or destruction of school property.
             110          (9) A board may authorize guidance and counseling services for children and their
             111      parents or guardians prior to, during, or following enrollment of the children in schools.
             112          (10) (a) A board shall administer and implement federal educational programs in
             113      accordance with Title 53A, Chapter 1, Part 9, Implementing Federal Programs Act.

             114          (b) Federal funds are not considered funds within the school district budget under Title
             115      53A, Chapter 19, School District Budgets.
             116          (11) (a) A board may organize school safety patrols and adopt rules under which the
             117      patrols promote student safety.
             118          (b) A student appointed to a safety patrol shall be at least ten years old and have
             119      written parental consent for the appointment.
             120          (c) Safety patrol members may not direct vehicular traffic or be stationed in a portion
             121      of a highway intended for vehicular traffic use.
             122          (d) Liability may not attach to a school district, its employees, officers, or agents or to
             123      a safety patrol member, a parent of a safety patrol member, or an authorized volunteer
             124      assisting the program by virtue of the organization, maintenance, or operation of a school
             125      safety patrol.
             126          (12) (a) A board may on its own behalf, or on behalf of an educational institution for
             127      which the board is the direct governing body, accept private grants, loans, gifts, endowments,
             128      devises, or bequests that are made for educational purposes.
             129          (b) These contributions are not subject to appropriation by the Legislature.
             130          (13) (a) A board may appoint and fix the compensation of a compliance officer to
             131      issue citations for violations of Subsection 76-10-105 (2).
             132          (b) A person may not be appointed to serve as a compliance officer without the
             133      person's consent.
             134          (c) A teacher or student may not be appointed as a compliance officer.
             135          (14) A board shall adopt bylaws and rules for its own procedures.
             136          (15) (a) A board shall make and enforce rules necessary for the control and
             137      management of the district schools.
             138          (b) All board rules and policies shall be in writing, filed, and referenced for public
             139      access.
             140          (16) A board may hold school on legal holidays other than Sundays.
             141          (17) (a) Each board shall establish for each school year a school traffic safety

             142      committee to implement this Subsection (17).
             143          (b) The committee shall be composed of one representative of:
             144          (i) the schools within the district;
             145          (ii) the Parent Teachers' Association of the schools within the district;
             146          (iii) the municipality or county;
             147          (iv) state or local law enforcement; and
             148          (v) state or local traffic safety engineering.
             149          (c) The committee shall:
             150          (i) receive suggestions from parents, teachers, and others and recommend school
             151      traffic safety improvements, boundary changes to enhance safety, and school traffic safety
             152      program measures;
             153          (ii) review and submit annually to the Department of Transportation and affected
             154      municipalities and counties a child access routing plan for each elementary, middle, and junior
             155      high school within the district;
             156          (iii) consult the Utah Safety Council and the Division of Family Health Services and
             157      provide training to all school children in kindergarten through grade six, within the district, on
             158      school crossing safety and use; and
             159          (iv) help ensure the district's compliance with rules made by the Department of
             160      Transportation under Section 41-6a-303 .
             161          (d) The committee may establish subcommittees as needed to assist in accomplishing
             162      its duties under Subsection (17)(c).
             163          (e) The board shall require the school community council of each elementary, middle,
             164      and junior high school within the district to develop and submit annually to the committee a
             165      child access routing plan.
             166          (18) (a) Each school board shall adopt and implement a comprehensive emergency
             167      response plan to prevent and combat violence in its public schools, on school grounds, on its
             168      school vehicles, and in connection with school-related activities or events.
             169          (b) The board shall implement its plan by July 1, 2000.

             170          (c) The plan shall:
             171          (i) include prevention, intervention, and response components;
             172          (ii) be consistent with the student conduct and discipline policies required for school
             173      districts under Title 53A, Chapter 11, Part 9, School Discipline and Conduct Plans;
             174          (iii) require inservice training for all district and school building staff on what their
             175      roles are in the emergency response plan; and
             176          (iv) provide for coordination with local law enforcement and other public safety
             177      representatives in preventing, intervening, and responding to violence in the areas and
             178      activities referred to in Subsection (18)(a).
             179          (d) The State Board of Education, through the state superintendent of public
             180      instruction, shall develop comprehensive emergency response plan models that local school
             181      boards may use, where appropriate, to comply with Subsection (18)(a).
             182          (e) Each local school board shall, by July 1 of each year, certify to the State Board of
             183      Education that its plan has been practiced at the school level and presented to and reviewed by
             184      its teachers, administrators, students, and their parents and local law enforcement and public
             185      safety representatives.
             186          (19) (a) Each local school board may adopt an emergency response plan for the
             187      treatment of sports-related injuries that occur during school sports practices and events.
             188          (b) The plan may be implemented by each secondary school in the district that has a
             189      sports program for students.
             190          (c) The plan may:
             191          (i) include emergency personnel, emergency communication, and emergency
             192      equipment components;
             193          (ii) require inservice training on the emergency response plan for school personnel
             194      who are involved in sports programs in the district's secondary schools; and
             195          (iii) provide for coordination with individuals and agency representatives who:
             196          (A) are not employees of the school district; and
             197          (B) would be involved in providing emergency services to students injured while

             198      participating in sports events.
             199          (d) The board, in collaboration with the schools referred to in Subsection (19)(b), may
             200      review the plan each year and make revisions when required to improve or enhance the plan.
             201          (e) The State Board of Education, through the state superintendent of public
             202      instruction, shall provide local school boards with an emergency plan response model that
             203      local boards may use to comply with the requirements of this Subsection (19).
             204          (20) A board shall do all other things necessary for the maintenance, prosperity, and
             205      success of the schools and the promotion of education.
             206          (21) (a) Before closing a school or changing the boundaries of a school, a board shall:
             207          (i) hold a public hearing, as defined in Section 10-9a-103 ; and
             208          (ii) provide public notice of the public hearing, as specified in Subsection (21)(b).
             209          (b) The notice of a public hearing required under Subsection (21)(a) shall:
             210          (i) indicate the:
             211          (A) school or schools under consideration for closure or boundary change; and
             212          (B) date, time, and location of the public hearing; and
             213          (ii) at least ten days prior to the public hearing, be:
             214          (A) published in a newspaper of general circulation in the area; and
             215          (B) posted in at least three public locations within the municipality or on the district's
             216      official website.
             217          Section 3. Section 53A-11-302 is amended to read:
             218           53A-11-302. Immunizations required -- Exceptions -- Grounds for exemption
             219      from required immunizations.
             220          (1) A student may not enter school without a certificate of immunization, except as
             221      provided in this section.
             222          (2) [A] Except as provided in Subsection 53A-11-1402 (4), a student who at the time
             223      of school enrollment has not been completely immunized against each specified disease may
             224      attend school under a conditional enrollment if the student has received one dose of each
             225      specified vaccine prior to enrollment.

             226          (3) A student is exempt from receiving the required immunizations if there is
             227      presented to the appropriate official of the school one or more of the following:
             228          (a) a certificate from a licensed physician stating that due to the physical condition of
             229      the student one or more specified immunizations would endanger the student's life or health;
             230          (b) A completed form obtained at the local health department where the student
             231      resides, providing:
             232          (i) the information required under Subsection 53A-11-302.5 (1); and
             233          (ii) a statement that the person has a personal belief opposed to immunizations, which
             234      is signed by one of the individuals listed in Subsection 53A-11-302 (3)(c) and witnessed by the
             235      local health officer or his designee; or
             236          (c) a statement that the person is a bona fide member of a specified, recognized
             237      religious organization whose teachings are contrary to immunizations, signed by one of the
             238      following persons:
             239          (i) one of the student's parents;
             240          (ii) the student's guardian;
             241          (iii) a legal age brother or sister of a student who has no parent or guardian; or
             242          (iv) the student, if of legal age.
             243          Section 4. Section 53A-11-504 is amended to read:
             244           53A-11-504. Requirement of school record for transfer of student -- Procedures.
             245          (1) [Within 14 days after enrolling a transfer student, a] Except as provided in
             246      Subsection 53A-11-1402 (2)(a), a school shall request[, directly from the student's previous
             247      school,] a certified copy of [his] a transfer student's record, directly from the transfer student's
             248      pervious school, within 14 days after enrolling the transfer student.
             249          (2) (a) [Any] Except as provided in Subsection (2)(b) and Subsection
             250      53A-11-1402 (2)(b), a school requested to forward a certified copy of a transferring student's
             251      record to the new school shall comply within 30 school days of the request [unless].
             252          (b) If the record has been flagged pursuant to Section 53A-11-502 , [in which case the
             253      copy] a school may not [be forwarded] forward the record to the new school and the requested

             254      school shall notify the division of the request.
             255          Section 5. Section 53A-11-1401 is enacted to read:
Part 14. Education Policies for Military Children

             257          53A-11-1401. Definitions.
             258          As used in this part:
             259          (1) "Active duty" means full-time duty status in the active uniformed service of the
             260      United States, including members of the National Guard and Reserve on active duty orders
             261      pursuant to 10 U.S.C. Sections 1209 and 1211.
             262          (2) "Deployment" means the period one month prior to a service member's departure
             263      from the service member's home station on military orders through six months after return to
             264      the service member's home station.
             265          (3) "Local education agency" means a public authority legally constituted by the state
             266      as an administrative agency to provide control of and direction for kindergarten through grade
             267      12 public educational institutions.
             268          (4) "Military child" means a child enrolled in kindergarten through grade 12 who is
             269      legally residing in the household of an active duty service member or whose parent or legal
             270      guardian is an active duty service member.
             271          (5) "Transitioning" means the time period during which a military child is in the
             272      process of transferring from one school to another.
             273          Section 6. Section 53A-11-1402 is enacted to read:
             274          53A-11-1402. Educational records and enrollment -- Military children.
             275          (1) (a) If the parent or legal guardian of a military child requests an official education
             276      record and the school is unable to release the official education record, the school shall provide
             277      the parent or guardian of the military child with an unofficial education record.
             278          (b) If a school requires an official education record in order to enroll a student, the
             279      school shall enroll and appropriately place a military child based on information in an
             280      unofficial record pending validation by an official record.
             281          (2) (a) Notwithstanding Subsection 53A-11-504 (1), a school that enrolls a military

             282      child shall request a certified copy of a military child's official education record, directly from
             283      the military child's previous school, simultaneous with enrolling the military child.
             284          (b) Notwithstanding Subsection 53A-11-504 (2)(a), if a school receives a request to
             285      forward a certified copy of a military child's official education record, the school shall comply
             286      within ten days of the request.
             287          (3) Notwithstanding Subsection 53A-3-402 (6), a local school board shall enroll a
             288      military child who is not five years of age before September 2 of the year in which admission
             289      is sought if the military child was previously enrolled and attended a public school in
             290      kindergarten or a higher grade as a resident in another state.
             291          (4) (a) Notwithstanding Subsection 53A-11-302 (2), a military child who at the time of
             292      school enrollment has not been completely immunized against each specified disease may
             293      attend under a conditional enrollment, and shall be given 30 days from the day of enrollment
             294      to obtain:
             295          (i) each specified vaccine if the specified vaccine only requires one dose; and
             296          (ii) at least the first dose of a specified vaccine, if the specified vaccine is a series of
             297      vaccines.
             298          (b) Except as provided in Subsection (4)(a), a military child is subject to rules
             299      developed by the Utah Health Department in accordance with Section 53A-11-302 .
             300          Section 7. Section 53A-11-1403 is enacted to read:
             301          53A-11-1403. Eligibility -- Military children.
             302          (1) A school district or charter school may not charge tuition to a military child placed
             303      in the care of a non-custodial parent or other person standing in loco parentis who lives in a
             304      jurisdiction other than that of the custodial parent.
             305          (2) A transitioning military child, placed in the care of a non-custodial parent or other
             306      person standing in loco parentis who lives in a jurisdiction other than that of the custodial
             307      parent, may continue to attend the school in which the military student was enrolled while
             308      residing with the custodial parent.
             309          Section 8. Section 53A-11-1404 is enacted to read:

             310          53A-11-1404. Graduation requirements -- Military children.
             311          (1) (a) A district or charter school administrative official shall:
             312          (i) waive specific courses required for a military child to graduate if the military child
             313      has satisfactorily completed similar course work in another local education agency; or
             314          (ii) provide reasonable justification for denial.
             315          (b) If a waiver described in Subsection (1) is denied and a military child would have
             316      qualified to graduate from the military child's previous local education agency, the district or
             317      charter school shall provide alternative means of acquiring required coursework so that the
             318      military child may graduate on time.
             319          (2) Notwithstanding Section 53A-1-611 and except as provided in Subsection (3), a
             320      district or charter school shall accept the following in place of testing requirements for
             321      graduation of military children:
             322          (a) exit or end-of-course exams required for graduation from a military child's
             323      previous local education agency;
             324          (b) national norm-referenced achievement tests; or
             325          (c) alternative testing.
             326          (3) If a military child transfers during the military child's junior or senior year and a
             327      district or charter school cannot accommodate the provisions of Subsection (1) or (2), the
             328      district or charter school and the military child's previous local education agency shall ensure
             329      the receipt of a diploma from the previous local education agency, if the military child meets
             330      the graduation requirements of the previous local education agency.

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