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H.B. 292 Enrolled






Chief Sponsor: Don L. Ipson

Senate Sponsor: Stephen H. Urquhart

             8      LONG TITLE
             9      General Description:
             10          This bill amends provisions relating to traffic violations and traffic citations.
             11      Highlighted Provisions:
             12          This bill:
             13          .    clarifies that a single continuous period of driving for a reckless driving or careless
             14      driving violation only covers three miles or less in total distance;
             15          .    provides that an operator of a vehicle operating on a roadway divided into two or
             16      more clearly marked lanes for traffic may not move the vehicle from the lane until
             17      the operator reasonably determines that the movement can be made safely;
             18          .    requires the Criminal Investigations and Technical Services Division to include all
             19      warrants issued for failure to appear on a traffic citation on the statewide warrant
             20      system;
             21          .    provides that a prosecution is commenced upon the issuance of a citation;
             22          .    provides that a person receiving a certain citation shall appear before a magistrate
             23      on or before the date and time specified;
             24          .    provides that a magistrate may issue a warrant of arrest for a person who fails to
             25      comply with certain citation requirements;
             26          .    amends the required notice language on a citation issued for a misdemeanor or
             27      infraction charge; and
             28          .    makes technical changes.
             29      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:

             30          None
             31      Other Special Clauses:
             32          None
             33      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             34      AMENDS:
             35          41-6a-528, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2005, Chapter 2
             36          41-6a-710, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2005, Chapter 2
             37          41-6a-1715, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 52
             38          53-10-208, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             39          76-1-302, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 129
             40          77-7-19, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2001, Chapter 118
             41          77-7-20, as enacted by Laws of Utah 1980, Chapter 15
             42          77-7-21, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1994, Chapter 100
             44      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             45          Section 1. Section 41-6a-528 is amended to read:
             46           41-6a-528. Reckless driving -- Penalty.
             47          (1) A person is guilty of reckless driving who operates a vehicle:
             48          (a) in willful or wanton disregard for the safety of persons or property; or
             49          (b) while committing three or more moving traffic violations under Title 41, Chapter
             50      6a, Traffic Code, in a series of acts occurring within a single continuous period of driving
             51      covering three miles or less in total distance.
             52          (2) A person who violates Subsection (1) is guilty of a class B misdemeanor.
             53          Section 2. Section 41-6a-710 is amended to read:
             54           41-6a-710. Roadway divided into marked lanes -- Provisions -- Traffic-control
             55      devices.
             56          On a roadway divided into two or more clearly marked lanes for traffic the following
             57      provisions apply:

             58          (1) (a) A person operating a vehicle:
             59          [(a)] (i) shall keep the vehicle as nearly as practical entirely within a single lane; and
             60          [(b)] (ii) may not move the vehicle from the lane until the operator has reasonably
             61      determined the movement can be made safely.
             62          (b) A determination under Subsection (1)(a)(ii) is reasonable if a reasonable person
             63      acting under the same conditions and having regard for actual and potential hazards then
             64      existing would determine that the movement could be made safely.
             65          (2) On a roadway divided into three or more lanes and providing for two-way
             66      movement of traffic, a person operating a vehicle may not drive in the center lane except:
             67          (a) when overtaking and passing another vehicle traveling in the same direction, and
             68      when the center lane is:
             69          (i) clear of traffic within a safe distance; and
             70          (ii) not a two-way left turn lane;
             71          (b) in preparation of making or completing a left turn in compliance with Section
             72      41-6a-801 ; or
             73          (c) where the center lane is allocated exclusively to traffic moving in the same
             74      direction that the vehicle is proceeding as indicated by traffic-control devices.
             75          (3) (a) A highway authority may erect traffic-control devices directing specified traffic
             76      to use a designated lane or designating those lanes to be used by traffic moving in a particular
             77      direction regardless of the center of the roadway.
             78          (b) An operator of a vehicle shall obey the directions of a traffic-control device erected
             79      under Subsection (3)(a).
             80          Section 3. Section 41-6a-1715 is amended to read:
             81           41-6a-1715. Careless driving defined and prohibited.
             82          (1) A person operating a motor vehicle is guilty of careless driving if the person:
             83          (a) commits two or more moving traffic violations under this chapter in a series of acts
             84      within a single continuous period of driving covering three miles or less in total distance; or
             85          (b) commits a moving traffic violation under this chapter other than a moving traffic

             86      violation under Part 6, Speed Restrictions, while being distracted by one or more activities
             87      taking place within the vehicle that are not related to the operation of a motor vehicle,
             88      including:
             89          (i) using a wireless telephone or other electronic device unless the person is using
             90      hands-free talking and listening features while operating the motor vehicle;
             91          (ii) searching for an item in the vehicle; or
             92          (iii) attending to personal hygiene or grooming.
             93          (2) A violation of this section is a class C misdemeanor.
             94          Section 4. Section 53-10-208 is amended to read:
             95           53-10-208. Definition -- Offenses included on statewide warrant system --
             96      Transportation fee to be included -- Statewide warrant system responsibility -- Quality
             97      control -- Training -- Technical support -- Transaction costs.
             98          (1) "Statewide warrant system" means the portion of the state court computer system
             99      that is accessible by modem from the state mainframe computer and contains:
             100          (a) records of criminal warrant information; and
             101          (b) after notice and hearing, records of protective orders issued pursuant to:
             102          (i) Title 78B, Chapter 7, Part 1, Cohabitant Abuse Act; or
             103          (ii) Title 77, Chapter 36, Cohabitant Abuse Procedures Act.
             104          (2) (a) [(i)] The division shall include on the statewide warrant system all warrants
             105      issued for felony offenses and class A, B, and C misdemeanor offenses in the state.
             106          [(ii) For each offense the division shall indicate whether the magistrate ordered under
             107      Section 77-7-5 and Rule 6, Utah Rules of Criminal Procedure, that the accused appear in
             108      court.]
             109          [(b) Infractions shall not be included on the statewide warrant system, including any
             110      subsequent failure to appear warrants issued on an infraction.]
             111          (b) The division shall include on the statewide warrant system all warrants issued for
             112      failure to appear on a traffic citation as ordered by a magistrate under Subsection 77-7-19 (3).
             113          (c) For each warrant, the division shall indicate whether the magistrate ordered under

             114      Section 77-7-5 and Rule 6, Utah Rules of Criminal Procedure, that the accused appear in
             115      court.
             116          (3) The division is the agency responsible for the statewide warrant system and shall:
             117          (a) ensure quality control of all warrants of arrest or commitment and protective orders
             118      contained in the statewide warrant system by conducting regular validation checks with every
             119      clerk of a court responsible for entering the information on the system;
             120          (b) upon the expiration of the protective orders and in the manner prescribed by the
             121      division, purge information regarding protective orders described in Subsection
             122      53-10-208.1 (4) within 30 days of the time after expiration;
             123          (c) establish system procedures and provide training to all criminal justice agencies
             124      having access to information contained on the state warrant system;
             125          (d) provide technical support, program development, and systems maintenance for the
             126      operation of the system; and
             127          (e) pay data processing and transaction costs for state, county, and city law
             128      enforcement agencies and criminal justice agencies having access to information contained on
             129      the state warrant system.
             130          (4) (a) Any data processing or transaction costs not funded by legislative appropriation
             131      shall be paid on a pro rata basis by all agencies using the system during the fiscal year.
             132          (b) This Subsection (4) supersedes any conflicting provision in Subsection (3)(e).
             133          Section 5. Section 76-1-302 is amended to read:
             134           76-1-302. Time limitations for prosecution of offenses -- Provisions if DNA
             135      evidence would identify the defendant -- Commencement of prosecution.
             136          (1) Except as otherwise provided, a prosecution for:
             137          (a) a felony or negligent homicide shall be commenced within four years after it is
             138      committed, except that prosecution for forcible sexual abuse shall be commenced within eight
             139      years after the offense is committed, if within four years after its commission the offense is
             140      reported to a law enforcement agency;
             141          (b) a misdemeanor other than negligent homicide shall be commenced within two

             142      years after it is committed; and
             143          (c) any infraction shall be commenced within one year after it is committed.
             144          (2) (a) Notwithstanding Subsection (1), prosecution for the offenses listed in
             145      Subsections 76-3-203.5 (1)(c)(i)(A) through (AA) may be commenced at any time if the
             146      identity of the person who committed the crime is unknown but DNA evidence is collected
             147      that would identify the person at a later date.
             148          (b) Subsection (2)(a) does not apply if the statute of limitations on a crime has run as
             149      of May 5, 2003, and no charges have been filed.
             150          (3) If the statute of limitations would have run but for the provisions of Subsection (2)
             151      and identification of a perpetrator is made through DNA, a prosecution shall be commenced
             152      within one year of the discovery of the identity of the perpetrator.
             153          (4) A prosecution is commenced upon:
             154          (a) the finding and filing of an indictment by a grand jury [or upon];
             155          (b) the filing of a complaint or information; or
             156          (c) the issuance of a citation.
             157          Section 6. Section 77-7-19 is amended to read:
             158           77-7-19. Appearance required by citation -- Arrest for failure to appear --
             159      Transfer of cases -- Motor vehicle violations -- Disposition of fines and costs.
             160          (1) [Persons] A person receiving [misdemeanor citations] a citation issued pursuant to
             161      Section 77-7-18 shall appear before the magistrate designated in the citation on or before the
             162      time and date specified in the citation unless the uniform bail schedule adopted by the Judicial
             163      Council or Subsection 77-7-21 (1) permits forfeiture of bail for the offense charged.
             164          (2) A citation may not require a person to appear sooner than five days or later than 14
             165      days following its issuance.
             166          (3) (a) A person who receives a citation and who fails to comply with Section 77-7-21
             167      on or before the time and date and at the court specified is subject to arrest.
             168          (b) The magistrate may issue a warrant of arrest based upon a citation that was served
             169      and filed in accordance with Section 77-7-20 .

             170          (4) Except where otherwise provided by law, a citation or information issued for
             171      violations of Title 41, Motor Vehicles, shall state that the person receiving the citation or
             172      information shall appear before the magistrate who has jurisdiction over the offense charged.
             173          (5) Any justice court judge may, upon the motion of either the defense attorney or
             174      prosecuting attorney, based on a lack of territorial jurisdiction or the disqualification of the
             175      judge, transfer cases to a justice court with territorial jurisdiction or the district court within
             176      the county.
             177          (6) (a) Clerks and other administrative personnel serving the courts shall ensure that
             178      all citations for violation of Title 41, Motor Vehicles, are filed in a court with jurisdiction and
             179      venue and shall refuse to receive citations that should be filed in another court.
             180          (b) Fines, fees, costs, and forfeitures imposed or collected for violations of Title 41,
             181      Motor Vehicles, which are filed contrary to this section shall be paid to the entitled
             182      municipality or county by the state, county, or municipal treasurer who has received the fines,
             183      fees, costs, or forfeitures from the court which collected them.
             184          (c) The accounting and remitting of sums due shall be at the close of the fiscal year of
             185      the municipality or county which has received fines, fees, costs, or forfeitures as a result of any
             186      improperly filed citations.
             187          Section 7. Section 77-7-20 is amended to read:
             188           77-7-20. Service of citation on defendant -- Filing in court -- Contents of
             189      citations.
             190          (1) If a citation is issued pursuant to Section 77-7-18 , the peace officer or public
             191      official shall issue one copy to the person cited and shall within five days file a duplicate copy
             192      with the court specified in the citation.
             193          (2) Each copy of the citation issued under authority of this chapter shall contain:
             194          (a) the name of the court before which the person is to appear;
             195          (b) the name of the person cited;
             196          (c) a brief description of the offense charged;
             197          (d) the date, time and place at which the offense is alleged to have occurred;

             198          (e) the date on which the citation was issued;
             199          (f) the name of the peace officer or public official who issued the citation, and the
             200      name of the arresting person if an arrest was made by a private party and the citation was
             201      issued in lieu of taking the arrested person before a magistrate;
             202          (g) the time and date on or before and after which the person is to appear;
             203          (h) the address of the court in which the person is to appear;
             204          (i) a certification above the signature of the officer issuing the citation in substantially
             205      the following language: "I certify that a copy of this citation or information (Summons and
             206      Complaint) was duly served upon the defendant according to law on the above date and I
             207      know or believe and so allege that the above-named defendant did commit the offense herein
             208      set forth contrary to law. I further certify that the court to which the defendant has been
             209      directed to appear is the proper court pursuant to Section 77-7-21 ."; and
             210          (j) a notice containing substantially the following language:

             212          This citation is not an information and will not be used as an information without your
             213      consent. If an information is filed you will be provided a copy by the court. You MUST appear
             214      in court on or before the time set in this citation. IF YOU FAIL TO APPEAR [AN
             216      YOUR ARREST.
             217          Section 8. Section 77-7-21 is amended to read:
             218           77-7-21. Proceeding on citation -- Voluntary forfeiture of bail -- Parent
             219      signature required -- Information, when required.
             220          (1) (a) A copy of the citation issued under Section 77-7-18 that is filed with the
             221      magistrate may be used in lieu of an information to which the person cited may plead guilty or
             222      no contest and be sentenced or on which bail may be forfeited.
             223          (b) With the magistrate's approval, a person may voluntarily forfeit bail without
             224      appearance being required in any case of a class B misdemeanor or less.
             225          (c) Voluntary forfeiture of bail shall be entered as a conviction and treated the same as

             226      if the accused pleaded guilty.
             227          (d) If the person cited is under 18 years of age, and if any of the charges allege a
             228      violation of Title 41, the court shall promptly mail a copy of the citation or a notice of the
             229      citation to the address as shown on the citation, to the attention of the parent or guardian of the
             230      defendant.
             231          (2) An information shall be filed and proceedings held in accordance with the Rules of
             232      Criminal Procedure and all other applicable provisions of this code if the person cited[: (a)
             233      willfully fails to appear before a magistrate pursuant to a citation issued under Section
             234      77-7-18 ; (b)] pleads not guilty to the offense charged[; or].
             235          [(c) does not deposit bail on or before the date set for the person's appearance.]
             236          (3) (a) The information is an original pleading.
             237          (b) If a person cited waives by written agreement the filing of the information, the
             238      prosecution may proceed on the citation.

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