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H.B. 373 Enrolled

             1     

AMENDMENTS TO DEPARTMENT OF

             2     
CORRECTIONS' OPERATIONS

             3     
2009 GENERAL SESSION

             4     
STATE OF UTAH

             5     
Chief Sponsor: Paul Ray

             6     
Senate Sponsor: Jon J. Greiner

             7     
             8      LONG TITLE
             9      General Description:
             10          This bill modifies provisions regarding the Department of Corrections, the Criminal
             11      Code, and the Code of Criminal Procedure regarding diagnostic evaluations of
             12      defendants.
             13      Highlighted Provisions:
             14          This bill:
             15          .    repeals provisions allowing courts to commit a defendant to the custody of the
             16      Department of Corrections for a 90-day diagnostic evaluation prior to sentencing;
             17      and
             18          .    removes provisions in the code referring to providing diagnostic evaluations as part
             19      of the presentence information prepared for the sentencing court.
             20      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             21          None
             22      Other Special Clauses:
             23          None
             24      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             25      AMENDS:
             26          62A-15-501, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2002, Fifth Special
             27      Session, Chapter 8
             28          64-13-20, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 382
             29          77-18-1, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapters 3 and 382


             30      REPEALS:
             31          76-3-404, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1991, Chapter 206
             32     
             33      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             34          Section 1. Section 62A-15-501 is amended to read:
             35           62A-15-501. DUI -- Legislative policy -- Rehabilitation treatment and evaluation
             36      -- Use of victim impact panels.
             37          The Legislature finds that drivers impaired by alcohol or drugs constitute a major
             38      problem in this state and that the problem demands a comprehensive detection, intervention,
             39      education, and treatment program including emergency services, outpatient treatment,
             40      detoxification, residential care, inpatient care, [diagnostic evaluation,] medical and
             41      psychological care, social service care, vocational rehabilitation, and career counseling
             42      through public and private agencies. It is the policy of this state to provide those programs at
             43      the expense of persons convicted of driving while under the influence of intoxicating liquor or
             44      drugs. It is also the policy of this state to utilize victim impact panels to assist persons
             45      convicted of driving under the influence of intoxicating liquor or drugs to gain a full
             46      understanding of the severity of their offense.
             47          Section 2. Section 64-13-20 is amended to read:
             48           64-13-20. Investigative services -- Presentence investigation reports.
             49          (1) The department shall:
             50          (a) provide investigative [and diagnostic] services and prepare reports to:
             51          (i) assist the courts in sentencing;
             52          (ii) assist the Board of Pardons and Parole in its decision-making responsibilities
             53      regarding offenders;
             54          (iii) assist the department in managing offenders; and
             55          (iv) assure the professional and accountable management of the department;
             56          (b) establish standards for providing investigative [and diagnostic] services based on
             57      available resources, giving priority to felony cases; and


             58          (c) employ staff for the purpose of conducting:
             59          (i) thorough presentence investigations of the social, physical, and mental conditions
             60      and backgrounds of offenders; and
             61          (ii) examinations when required by the court or the Board of Pardons and Parole[;
             62      and].
             63          [(iii) thorough diagnostic evaluations of offenders as the court finds necessary to
             64      supplement the presentence investigation report under Section 76-3-404 .]
             65          (2) The department may provide recommendations concerning appropriate measures
             66      to be taken regarding offenders.
             67          (3) (a) The presentence [diagnostic evaluation and] investigation reports prepared by
             68      the department are protected as defined in Section 63G-2-305 and after sentencing may not be
             69      released except by express court order or by rules made by the Department of Corrections.
             70          (b) The reports are intended only for use by:
             71          (i) the court in the sentencing process;
             72          (ii) the Board of Pardons and Parole in its decisionmaking responsibilities; and
             73          (iii) the department in the supervision, confinement, and treatment of the offender.
             74          (4) Presentence [diagnostic evaluation and] investigation reports shall be made
             75      available upon request to other correctional programs within the state if the offender who is
             76      the subject of the report has been committed or is being evaluated for commitment to the
             77      facility for treatment as a condition of probation or parole.
             78          (5) (a) The presentence investigation reports shall include a victim impact statement in
             79      all felony cases and in misdemeanor cases if the defendant caused bodily harm or death to the
             80      victim.
             81          (b) Victim impact statements shall:
             82          (i) identify the victim of the offense;
             83          (ii) itemize any economic loss suffered by the victim as a result of the offense;
             84          (iii) identify any physical, mental, or emotional injuries suffered by the victim as a
             85      result of the offense, and the seriousness and permanence;


             86          (iv) describe any change in the victim's personal welfare or familial relationships as a
             87      result of the offense;
             88          (v) identify any request for mental health services initiated by the victim or the
             89      victim's family as a result of the offense; and
             90          (vi) contain any other information related to the impact of the offense upon the victim
             91      or the victim's family that the court requires.
             92          (6) If the victim is deceased; under a mental, physical, or legal disability; or otherwise
             93      unable to provide the information required under this section, the information may be obtained
             94      from the personal representative, guardian, or family members, as necessary.
             95          (7) The department shall employ staff necessary to pursue investigations of complaints
             96      from the public, staff, or offenders regarding the management of corrections programs.
             97          Section 3. Section 77-18-1 is amended to read:
             98           77-18-1. Suspension of sentence -- Pleas held in abeyance -- Probation --
             99      Supervision -- Presentence investigation -- Standards -- Confidentiality -- Terms and
             100      conditions -- Termination, revocation, modification, or extension -- Hearings --
             101      Electronic monitoring.
             102          (1) On a plea of guilty or no contest entered by a defendant in conjunction with a plea
             103      in abeyance agreement, the court may hold the plea in abeyance as provided in Title 77,
             104      Chapter 2a, Pleas in Abeyance, and under the terms of the plea in abeyance agreement.
             105          (2) (a) On a plea of guilty, guilty and mentally ill, no contest, or conviction of any
             106      crime or offense, the court may, after imposing sentence, suspend the execution of the
             107      sentence and place the defendant on probation. The court may place the defendant:
             108          (i) on probation under the supervision of the Department of Corrections except in
             109      cases of class C misdemeanors or infractions;
             110          (ii) on probation with an agency of local government or with a private organization; or
             111          (iii) on bench probation under the jurisdiction of the sentencing court.
             112          (b) (i) The legal custody of all probationers under the supervision of the department is
             113      with the department.


             114          (ii) The legal custody of all probationers under the jurisdiction of the sentencing court
             115      is vested as ordered by the court.
             116          (iii) The court has continuing jurisdiction over all probationers.
             117          (3) (a) The department shall establish supervision and presentence investigation
             118      standards for all individuals referred to the department. These standards shall be based on:
             119          (i) the type of offense;
             120          (ii) the demand for services;
             121          (iii) the availability of agency resources;
             122          (iv) the public safety; and
             123          (v) other criteria established by the department to determine what level of services
             124      shall be provided.
             125          (b) Proposed supervision and investigation standards shall be submitted to the Judicial
             126      Council and the Board of Pardons and Parole on an annual basis for review and comment prior
             127      to adoption by the department.
             128          (c) The Judicial Council and the department shall establish procedures to implement
             129      the supervision and investigation standards.
             130          (d) The Judicial Council and the department shall annually consider modifications to
             131      the standards based upon criteria in Subsection (3)(a) and other criteria as they consider
             132      appropriate.
             133          (e) The Judicial Council and the department shall annually prepare an impact report
             134      and submit it to the appropriate legislative appropriations subcommittee.
             135          (4) Notwithstanding other provisions of law, the department is not required to
             136      supervise the probation of persons convicted of class B or C misdemeanors or infractions or to
             137      conduct presentence investigation reports on class C misdemeanors or infractions. However,
             138      the department may supervise the probation of class B misdemeanants in accordance with
             139      department standards.
             140          (5) (a) Prior to the imposition of any sentence, the court may, with the concurrence of
             141      the defendant, continue the date for the imposition of sentence for a reasonable period of time


             142      for the purpose of obtaining a presentence investigation report from the department or
             143      information from other sources about the defendant.
             144          (b) The presentence investigation report shall include a victim impact statement
             145      according to guidelines set in Section 77-38a-203 describing the effect of the crime on the
             146      victim and the victim's family.
             147          (c) The presentence investigation report shall include a specific statement of pecuniary
             148      damages, accompanied by a recommendation from the department regarding the payment of
             149      restitution with interest by the defendant in accordance with Title 77, Chapter 38a, Crime
             150      Victims Restitution Act.
             151          (d) The presentence investigation report shall include:
             152          (i) findings from any screening and any assessment of the offender conducted under
             153      Section 77-18-1.1 ; and
             154          (ii) recommendations for treatment of the offender.
             155          (e) The contents of the presentence investigation report[, including any diagnostic
             156      evaluation report ordered by the court under Section 76-3-404 ,] are protected and are not
             157      available except by court order for purposes of sentencing as provided by rule of the Judicial
             158      Council or for use by the department.
             159          (6) (a) The department shall provide the presentence investigation report to the
             160      defendant's attorney, or the defendant if not represented by counsel, the prosecutor, and the
             161      court for review, three working days prior to sentencing. Any alleged inaccuracies in the
             162      presentence investigation report, which have not been resolved by the parties and the
             163      department prior to sentencing, shall be brought to the attention of the sentencing judge, and
             164      the judge may grant an additional ten working days to resolve the alleged inaccuracies of the
             165      report with the department. If after ten working days the inaccuracies cannot be resolved, the
             166      court shall make a determination of relevance and accuracy on the record.
             167          (b) If a party fails to challenge the accuracy of the presentence investigation report at
             168      the time of sentencing, that matter shall be considered to be waived.
             169          (7) At the time of sentence, the court shall receive any testimony, evidence, or


             170      information the defendant or the prosecuting attorney desires to present concerning the
             171      appropriate sentence. This testimony, evidence, or information shall be presented in open
             172      court on record and in the presence of the defendant.
             173          (8) While on probation, and as a condition of probation, the court may require that the
             174      defendant:
             175          (a) perform any or all of the following:
             176          (i) pay, in one or several sums, any fine imposed at the time of being placed on
             177      probation;
             178          (ii) pay amounts required under Title 77, Chapter 32a, Defense Costs;
             179          (iii) provide for the support of others for whose support the defendant is legally liable;
             180          (iv) participate in available treatment programs, including any treatment program in
             181      which the defendant is currently participating, if the program is acceptable to the court;
             182          (v) serve a period of time, not to exceed one year, in a county jail designated by the
             183      department, after considering any recommendation by the court as to which jail the court finds
             184      most appropriate;
             185          (vi) serve a term of home confinement, which may include the use of electronic
             186      monitoring;
             187          (vii) participate in compensatory service restitution programs, including the
             188      compensatory service program provided in Section 76-6-107.1 ;
             189          (viii) pay for the costs of investigation, probation, and treatment services;
             190          (ix) make restitution or reparation to the victim or victims with interest in accordance
             191      with Title 77, Chapter 38a, Crime Victims Restitution Act; and
             192          (x) comply with other terms and conditions the court considers appropriate; and
             193          (b) if convicted on or after May 5, 1997:
             194          (i) complete high school classwork and obtain a high school graduation diploma, a
             195      GED certificate, or a vocational certificate at the defendant's own expense if the defendant has
             196      not received the diploma, GED certificate, or vocational certificate prior to being placed on
             197      probation; or


             198          (ii) provide documentation of the inability to obtain one of the items listed in
             199      Subsection (8)(b)(i) because of:
             200          (A) a diagnosed learning disability; or
             201          (B) other justified cause.
             202          (9) The department shall collect and disburse the account receivable as defined by
             203      Section 76-3-201.1 , with interest and any other costs assessed under Section 64-13-21 during:
             204          (a) the parole period and any extension of that period in accordance with Subsection
             205      77-27-6 (4); and
             206          (b) the probation period in cases for which the court orders supervised probation and
             207      any extension of that period by the department in accordance with Subsection (10).
             208          (10) (a) (i) Probation may be terminated at any time at the discretion of the court or
             209      upon completion without violation of 36 months probation in felony or class A misdemeanor
             210      cases, or 12 months in cases of class B or C misdemeanors or infractions.
             211          (ii) (A) If, upon expiration or termination of the probation period under Subsection
             212      (10)(a)(i), there remains an unpaid balance upon the account receivable as defined in Section
             213      76-3-201.1 , the court may retain jurisdiction of the case and continue the defendant on bench
             214      probation for the limited purpose of enforcing the payment of the account receivable.
             215          (B) In accordance with Section 77-18-6 , the court shall record in the registry of civil
             216      judgments any unpaid balance not already recorded and immediately transfer responsibility to
             217      collect the account to the Office of State Debt Collection.
             218          (iii) Upon motion of the Office of State Debt Collection, prosecutor, victim, or upon
             219      its own motion, the court may require the defendant to show cause why the defendant's failure
             220      to pay should not be treated as contempt of court.
             221          (b) (i) The department shall notify the sentencing court, the Office of State Debt
             222      Collection, and the prosecuting attorney in writing in advance in all cases when termination of
             223      supervised probation will occur by law.
             224          (ii) The notification shall include a probation progress report and complete report of
             225      details on outstanding accounts receivable.


             226          (11) (a) (i) Any time served by a probationer outside of confinement after having been
             227      charged with a probation violation and prior to a hearing to revoke probation does not
             228      constitute service of time toward the total probation term unless the probationer is exonerated
             229      at a hearing to revoke the probation.
             230          (ii) Any time served in confinement awaiting a hearing or decision concerning
             231      revocation of probation does not constitute service of time toward the total probation term
             232      unless the probationer is exonerated at the hearing.
             233          (b) The running of the probation period is tolled upon the filing of a violation report
             234      with the court alleging a violation of the terms and conditions of probation or upon the
             235      issuance of an order to show cause or warrant by the court.
             236          (12) (a) (i) Probation may not be modified or extended except upon waiver of a
             237      hearing by the probationer or upon a hearing and a finding in court that the probationer has
             238      violated the conditions of probation.
             239          (ii) Probation may not be revoked except upon a hearing in court and a finding that the
             240      conditions of probation have been violated.
             241          (b) (i) Upon the filing of an affidavit alleging with particularity facts asserted to
             242      constitute violation of the conditions of probation, the court that authorized probation shall
             243      determine if the affidavit establishes probable cause to believe that revocation, modification,
             244      or extension of probation is justified.
             245          (ii) If the court determines there is probable cause, it shall cause to be served on the
             246      defendant a warrant for the defendant's arrest or a copy of the affidavit and an order to show
             247      cause why the defendant's probation should not be revoked, modified, or extended.
             248          (c) (i) The order to show cause shall specify a time and place for the hearing and shall
             249      be served upon the defendant at least five days prior to the hearing.
             250          (ii) The defendant shall show good cause for a continuance.
             251          (iii) The order to show cause shall inform the defendant of a right to be represented by
             252      counsel at the hearing and to have counsel appointed [for him] if the defendant is indigent.
             253          (iv) The order shall also inform the defendant of a right to present evidence.


             254          (d) (i) At the hearing, the defendant shall admit or deny the allegations of the affidavit.
             255          (ii) If the defendant denies the allegations of the affidavit, the prosecuting attorney
             256      shall present evidence on the allegations.
             257          (iii) The persons who have given adverse information on which the allegations are
             258      based shall be presented as witnesses subject to questioning by the defendant unless the court
             259      for good cause otherwise orders.
             260          (iv) The defendant may call witnesses, appear and speak in the defendant's own
             261      behalf, and present evidence.
             262          (e) (i) After the hearing the court shall make findings of fact.
             263          (ii) Upon a finding that the defendant violated the conditions of probation, the court
             264      may order the probation revoked, modified, continued, or that the entire probation term
             265      commence anew.
             266          (iii) If probation is revoked, the defendant shall be sentenced or the sentence
             267      previously imposed shall be executed.
             268          (13) The court may order the defendant to commit himself to the custody of the
             269      Division of Substance Abuse and Mental Health for treatment at the Utah State Hospital as a
             270      condition of probation or stay of sentence, only after the superintendent of the Utah State
             271      Hospital or the superintendent's designee has certified to the court that:
             272          (a) the defendant is appropriate for and can benefit from treatment at the state
             273      hospital;
             274          (b) treatment space at the hospital is available for the defendant; and
             275          (c) persons described in Subsection 62A-15-610 (2)(g) are receiving priority for
             276      treatment over the defendants described in this Subsection (13).
             277          (14) Presentence investigation reports[, including presentence diagnostic evaluations,]
             278      are classified protected in accordance with Title 63G, Chapter 2, Government Records Access
             279      and Management Act. Notwithstanding Sections 63G-2-403 and 63G-2-404 , the State
             280      Records Committee may not order the disclosure of a presentence investigation report. Except
             281      for disclosure at the time of sentencing pursuant to this section, the department may disclose


             282      the presentence investigation only when:
             283          (a) ordered by the court pursuant to Subsection 63G-2-202 (7);
             284          (b) requested by a law enforcement agency or other agency approved by the
             285      department for purposes of supervision, confinement, and treatment of the offender;
             286          (c) requested by the Board of Pardons and Parole;
             287          (d) requested by the subject of the presentence investigation report or the subject's
             288      authorized representative; or
             289          (e) requested by the victim of the crime discussed in the presentence investigation
             290      report or the victim's authorized representative, provided that the disclosure to the victim shall
             291      include only information relating to statements or materials provided by the victim, to the
             292      circumstances of the crime including statements by the defendant, or to the impact of the
             293      crime on the victim or the victim's household.
             294          (15) (a) The court shall consider home confinement as a condition of probation under
             295      the supervision of the department, except as provided in Sections 76-3-406 and 76-5-406.5 .
             296          (b) The department shall establish procedures and standards for home confinement,
             297      including electronic monitoring, for all individuals referred to the department in accordance
             298      with Subsection (16).
             299          (16) (a) If the court places the defendant on probation under this section, it may order
             300      the defendant to participate in home confinement through the use of electronic monitoring as
             301      described in this section until further order of the court.
             302          (b) The electronic monitoring shall alert the department and the appropriate law
             303      enforcement unit of the defendant's whereabouts.
             304          (c) The electronic monitoring device shall be used under conditions which require:
             305          (i) the defendant to wear an electronic monitoring device at all times; and
             306          (ii) that a device be placed in the home of the defendant, so that the defendant's
             307      compliance with the court's order may be monitored.
             308          (d) If a court orders a defendant to participate in home confinement through electronic
             309      monitoring as a condition of probation under this section, it shall:


             310          (i) place the defendant on probation under the supervision of the Department of
             311      Corrections;
             312          (ii) order the department to place an electronic monitoring device on the defendant and
             313      install electronic monitoring equipment in the residence of the defendant; and
             314          (iii) order the defendant to pay the costs associated with home confinement to the
             315      department or the program provider.
             316          (e) The department shall pay the costs of home confinement through electronic
             317      monitoring only for those persons who have been determined to be indigent by the court.
             318          (f) The department may provide the electronic monitoring described in this section
             319      either directly or by contract with a private provider.
             320          Section 4. Repealer.
             321          This bill repeals:
             322          Section 76-3-404, Presentence investigation and diagnostic evaluation --
             323      Commitment of defendant -- Sentencing procedure.


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