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8 LONG TITLE
9 Committee Note:
10 The Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice Interim Committee recommended this bill.
11 General Description:
12 This bill modifies the Code of Criminal Procedure regarding the sex offender registry
13 by requiring that offenders not under supervision of the Department of Corrections
14 register with the local law enforcement agency.
15 Highlighted Provisions:
16 This bill:
17 . provides that sex and kidnap offenders required to register with the Department of
18 Corrections will register instead with the local law enforcement agency if the
19 offender is no longer under the supervision of the Department of Corrections;
20 . requires that the staff of the local law enforcement agency that will be conducting
21 the offender registration shall receive initial and annual training from the
22 Department of Corrections; and
23 . requires that the Department of Corrections notify local law enforcement agencies
24 of an offender's change of residence within five days of receiving the information
25 regarding the change.
26 Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
28 Other Special Clauses:
30 Utah Code Sections Affected:
32 77-27-21.5, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapters 133, 342, 355, and 382
34 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
35 Section 1. Section 77-27-21.5 is amended to read:
36 77-27-21.5. Sex and kidnap offenders -- Registration -- Information system --
37 Law enforcement and courts to report -- Registration -- Penalty -- Effect of expungement.
38 (1) As used in this section:
39 (a) "Business day" means a day on which state offices are open for regular business.
40 (b) "Department" means the Department of Corrections.
41 (c) "Division" means the Division of Juvenile Justice Services.
42 (d) "Employed" or "carries on a vocation" includes employment that is full time or part
43 time, whether financially compensated, volunteered, or for the purpose of government or
44 educational benefit.
45 (e) "Indian Country" means:
46 (i) all land within the limits of any Indian reservation under the jurisdiction of the
47 United States government, regardless of the issuance of any patent, and includes rights-of-way
48 running through the reservation;
49 (ii) all dependent Indian communities within the borders of the United States whether
50 within the original or subsequently acquired territory, and whether or not within the limits of a
51 state; and
52 (iii) all Indian allotments, including the Indian allotments to which the Indian titles to
53 have not been extinguished, including rights-of-way running through the allotments.
54 (f) "Jurisdiction" means any state, Indian [
55 (g) "Kidnap offender" means any person other than a natural parent of the victim who:
56 (i) has been convicted in this state of a violation of:
57 (A) Section 76-5-301 , kidnapping;
58 (B) Section 76-5-301.1 , child kidnapping;
59 (C) Section 76-5-302 , aggravated kidnapping;
60 (D) Section 76-5-304 , unlawful detention; or
61 (E) attempting, soliciting, or conspiring to commit any felony offense listed in
62 Subsections (1)(g)(i)(A) through [
63 (ii) has been convicted of any crime, or an attempt, solicitation, or conspiracy to
64 commit a crime in another jurisdiction that is substantially equivalent to the offenses listed in
65 Subsection (1)(g)(i) and who is:
66 (A) a Utah resident; or
67 (B) not a Utah resident, but who, in any 12 month period, is in this state for a total of
68 ten or more days, regardless of whether or not the offender intends to permanently reside in this
70 (iii) is required to register as an offender in any other jurisdiction, and who, in any 12
71 month period, is in this state for a total of ten or more days, regardless of whether or not the
72 offender intends to permanently reside in this state;
73 (iv) is a nonresident regularly employed or working in this state, or who is a student in
74 this state, and was convicted of one or more offenses listed in Subsection (1)(g) or (1)(n), or
75 any substantially equivalent offense in another jurisdiction, or as a result of the conviction, is
76 required to register in the person's state of residence;
77 (v) is found not guilty by reason of insanity in this state or in any other jurisdiction of
78 one or more offenses listed in Subsection (1)(g); or
79 (vi) is adjudicated delinquent based on one or more offenses listed in Subsection
80 (1)(g)(i) and who has been committed to the division for secure confinement and remains in the
81 division's custody 30 days prior to the person's 21st birthday.
82 (h) "Natural parent" means a minor's biological or adoptive parent, and includes the
83 minor's noncustodial parent.
84 (i) "Offender" means a kidnap offender as defined in Subsection (1)(g) or a sex
85 offender as defined in Subsection (1)(n).
86 (j) "Online identifier" means any electronic mail, chat, instant messenger, social
87 networking, or similar name used for Internet communication. It does not include date of birth,
88 Social Security number, or PIN number.
89 (k) "Primary residence" means the location where the offender regularly resides, even
90 if the offender intends to move to another location or return to another location at any future
92 (l) "Register" means to comply with the requirements of this section and administrative
93 rules of the department made under this section.
94 (m) "Secondary residence" means any real property that the offender owns or has a
95 financial interest in, and any location where, in any 12 month period, the offender stays
96 overnight a total of ten or more nights when not staying at the offender's primary residence.
97 (n) "Sex offender" means any person:
98 (i) convicted in this state of:
99 (A) a felony or class A misdemeanor violation of Section 76-4-401 , enticing a minor;
100 (B) a felony or class A misdemeanor violation of Section 76-9-702.7 , voyeurism;
101 (C) a felony violation of Section 76-5-401 , unlawful sexual activity with a minor;
102 (D) Section 76-5-401.1 , sexual abuse of a minor;
103 (E) Section 76-5-401.2 , unlawful sexual conduct with a 16 or 17 year old;
104 (F) Section 76-5-402 , rape;
105 (G) Section 76-5-402.1 , rape of a child;
106 (H) Section 76-5-402.2 , object rape;
107 (I) Section 76-5-402.3 , object rape of a child;
108 (J) a felony violation of Section 76-5-403 , forcible sodomy;
109 (K) Section 76-5-403.1 , sodomy on a child;
110 (L) Section 76-5-404 , forcible sexual abuse;
111 (M) Section 76-5-404.1 , sexual abuse of a child or aggravated sexual abuse of a child;
112 (N) Section 76-5-405 , aggravated sexual assault;
113 (O) Section 76-5a-3 , sexual exploitation of a minor;
114 (P) Section 76-7-102 , incest;
115 (Q) Section 76-9-702.5 , lewdness involving a child;
116 (R) Section 76-10-1306 , aggravated exploitation of prostitution; or
117 (S) attempting, soliciting, or conspiring to commit any felony offense listed in
118 Subsection (1)(n)(i);
119 (ii) who has been convicted of any crime, or an attempt, solicitation, or conspiracy to
120 commit a crime in another jurisdiction that is substantially equivalent to the offenses listed in
121 Subsection (1)(n)(i) and who is:
122 (A) a Utah resident; or
123 (B) not a Utah resident, but who, in any 12 month period, is in this state for a total of
124 ten or more days, regardless of whether the offender intends to permanently reside in this state;
125 (iii) who is required to register as an offender in any other jurisdiction, and who, in any
126 12 month period, is in the state for a total of ten or more days, regardless of whether or not the
127 offender intends to permanently reside in this state;
128 (iv) who is a nonresident regularly employed or working in this state or who is a
129 student in this state and was convicted of one or more offenses listed in Subsection (1)(n)(i), or
130 any substantially equivalent offense in any jurisdiction, or as a result of the conviction, is
131 required to register in the person's jurisdiction of residence;
132 (v) who is found not guilty by reason of insanity in this state, or in any other
133 jurisdiction of one or more offenses listed in Subsection (1)(n)(i); or
134 (vi) who is adjudicated delinquent based on one or more offenses listed in Subsection
135 (1)(n)(i) and who has been committed to the division for secure confinement and remains in the
136 division's custody 30 days prior to the person's 21st birthday.
137 (o) "Vehicle" means any motor vehicle, aircraft, or watercraft subject to registration in
138 any jurisdiction.
139 (2) The department, to assist in investigating sex-related crimes and in apprehending
140 offenders, shall:
141 (a) develop and operate a system to collect, analyze, maintain, and disseminate
142 information on offenders and sex and kidnap offenses;
143 (b) make information listed in Subsection [
144 (c) require that a sex offender provide to the department any password required for use
145 with an online identifier. Passwords provided to the department may not be disclosed to the
147 (3) Any law enforcement agency shall, in the manner prescribed by the department,
148 inform the department of:
149 (a) the receipt of a report or complaint of an offense listed in Subsection (1)(g) or (n) ,
150 within three business days; and
151 (b) the arrest of a person suspected of any of the offenses listed in Subsection (1)(g) or
152 (n), within five business days.
153 (4) Upon convicting a person of any of the offenses listed in Subsection (1)(g) or (n),
154 the convicting court shall within three business days forward a copy of the judgment and
155 sentence to the department.
156 (5) An offender in the custody of the department shall be registered by agents of the
157 department upon:
158 (a) placement on probation;
159 (b) commitment to a secure correctional facility operated by or under contract to the
161 (c) release from confinement to parole status, termination or expiration of sentence, or
163 (d) entrance to and release from any community-based residential program operated by
164 or under contract to the department; or
165 (e) termination of probation or parole.
166 (6) An offender who is not in the custody of the department and who is confined in a
167 correctional facility not operated by or under contract to the department shall be registered with
168 the department by the sheriff of the county in which the offender is confined, upon:
169 (a) commitment to the correctional facility; and
170 (b) release from confinement.
171 (7) An offender in the custody of the division shall be registered with the department by
172 the division prior to release from custody.
173 (8) An offender committed to a state mental hospital shall be registered with the
174 department by the hospital upon admission and upon discharge.
175 (9) (a) (i) A municipal or county law enforcement agency shall register an offender
176 who resides within the agency's jurisdiction and is not under the supervision of the Division of
177 Adult Probation and Parole within the department.
178 (ii) In order to conduct offender registration under this section, the agency shall ensure
179 the agency staff responsible for registration:
180 (A) has received initial training by the department and has been certified by the
181 department as qualified and authorized to conduct registrations and enter offender registration
182 information into the registry database; and
183 (B) certify annually with the department.
184 (b) (i) When the department receives offender registration information regarding a
185 change of an offender's primary residence location, the department shall within five days
186 electronically notify the law enforcement agencies that have jurisdiction over the area where:
187 (A) the residence that the offender is leaving is located; and
188 (B) the residence to which the offender is moving is located.
189 (ii) The department shall provide notification under this Subsection (9)(b) if the
190 offender's change of address is between law enforcement agency jurisdictions, or is within one
192 (c) The department shall make available to offenders required to register under this
193 section the name of the agency, whether it is a local law enforcement agency or the department,
194 that the offender should contact to register, the location for registering, and the requirements of
197 Subsection (1)(g) or (n) and Subsection [
198 within ten days of entering the state, regardless of the offender's length of stay.
199 (11) (a) An offender required to register under Subsection (1)(g) or (n) who is under
200 supervision by the department shall register with Division of Adult Probation & Parole.
201 (b) An offender required to register under Subsection (1)(g) or (n) who is no longer
202 under supervision by the department shall register with the police department or sheriff's office
203 that has jurisdiction over the area where the offender resides.
205 offender shall, for the duration of the sentence and for ten years after termination of sentence or
206 custody of the division, register every year during the month of the offender's birth, during the
207 month that is the sixth month after the offender's birth month, and also within three business
208 days of every change of the offender's primary residence, any secondary residences, place of
209 employment, vehicle information, or educational information required to be submitted under
210 Subsection [
211 (b) Except as provided Subsections [
212 in another jurisdiction of an offense listed in Subsection (1)(g)(i) or (n)(i), a substantially
213 similar offense, or any other offense that requires registration in the jurisdiction of conviction,
215 (i) register for the time period, and in the frequency, required by the jurisdiction where
216 the offender was convicted if that jurisdiction's registration period or registration frequency
217 requirement for the offense that the offender was convicted of is greater than the ten years from
218 completion of the sentence registration period that is required under Subsection [
219 or is more frequent than every six months; or
220 (ii) register in accordance with the requirements of Subsection [
221 jurisdiction's registration period or frequency requirement for the offense that the offender was
222 convicted of is less than the registration period required under Subsection [
223 less frequent than every six months.
224 (c) (i) (A) An offender convicted as an adult of any of the offenses listed in Subsection
226 offender's birth, during the month that is the sixth month after the offender's birth month, and
227 also within three business days of every change of the offender's primary residence, any
228 secondary residences, place of employment, vehicle information, or educational information
229 required to be submitted under Subsection [
230 (B) This registration requirement is not subject to exemptions and may not be
231 terminated or altered during the offender's lifetime.
232 (ii) Offenses referred to in Subsection [
233 (A) any offense listed in Subsection (1)(g) or (n) if, at the time of the conviction, the
234 offender has previously been convicted of an offense listed in Subsection (1)(g) or (n) or has
235 previously been required to register as a sex offender for an offense committed as a juvenile;
236 (B) a conviction for any of the following offenses, including attempting, soliciting, or
237 conspiring to commit any felony of:
238 (I) Section 76-5-301.1 , child kidnapping, except if the offender is a natural parent of
239 the victim;
240 (II) Section 76-5-402 , rape;
241 (III) Section 76-5-402.1 , rape of a child;
242 (IV) Section 76-5-402.2 , object rape;
243 (V) Section 76-5-402.3 , object rape of a child;
244 (VI) Section 76-5-403.1 , sodomy on a child;
245 (VII) Subsection 76-5-404.1 (4), aggravated sexual abuse of a child; or
246 (VIII) Section 76-5-405 , aggravated sexual assault;
247 (C) Section 76-4-401 , a felony violation of enticing a minor over the Internet;
248 (D) Section 76-5-302 , aggravated kidnapping, except if the offender is a natural parent
249 of the victim;
250 (E) Section 76-5-403 , forcible sodomy;
251 (F) Section 76-5-404.1 , sexual abuse of a child; or
252 (G) Section 76-5a-3 , sexual exploitation of a minor.
253 (d) Notwithstanding Subsections [
254 confined in a secure facility or in a state mental hospital is not required to register during the
255 period of confinement.
256 (e) An offender who is required to register under this Subsection [
257 surrender the offender's license, certificate, or identification card as required under Subsection
258 53-3-216 (3) or 53-3-807 (4) and may apply for a license certificate or identification card as
259 provided under Section 53-3-205 or 53-3-804 .
261 who has been released from confinement to parole status or termination, or an offender whose
262 sentence has expired shall inform the offender of the duty to comply with:
263 (a) the continuing registration requirements of this section during the period of
264 registration required in Subsection [
265 (i) notification to the state agencies in the states where the registrant presently resides
266 and plans to reside when moving across state lines;
267 (ii) verification of address at least every 60 days pursuant to a parole agreement for
268 lifetime parolees; and
269 (iii) notification to the out-of-state agency where the offender is living, whether or not
270 the offender is a resident of that state; and
271 (b) the driver license certificate or identification card surrender requirement under
272 Subsection 53-3-216 (3) or 53-3-807 (4) and application provisions under Section 53-3-205 or
273 53-3-804 .
275 following information:
276 (a) all names and aliases by which the offender is or has been known;
277 (b) the addresses of the offender's primary and secondary residences;
278 (c) a physical description, including the offender's date of birth, height, weight, eye and
279 hair color;
280 (d) the make, model, color, year, plate number, and vehicle identification number of
281 any vehicle or vehicles the offender owns or regularly drives;
282 (e) a current photograph of the offender;
283 (f) a set of fingerprints, if one has not already been provided;
284 (g) a DNA specimen, taken in accordance with Section 53-10-404 , if one has not
285 already been provided;
286 (h) telephone numbers and any other designations used by the offender for routing or
287 self-identification in telephonic communications from fixed locations or cellular telephones;
288 (i) Internet identifiers and the addresses the offender uses for routing or
289 self-identification in Internet communications or postings;
290 (j) the name and Internet address of all websites on which the sex offender is registered
291 using an online identifier, including all online identifiers and passwords used to access those
293 (k) a copy of the offender's passport, if a passport has been issued to the offender;
294 (l) if the offender is an alien, all documents establishing the offender's immigration
296 (m) all professional licenses that authorize the offender to engage in an occupation or
297 carry out a trade or business, including any identifiers, such as numbers;
298 (n) each educational institution in Utah at which the offender is employed, carries on a
299 vocation, or is a student, and any change of enrollment or employment status of the offender at
300 any educational institution;
301 (o) the name and the address of any place where the offender is employed or will be
303 (p) the name and the address of any place where the offender works as a volunteer or
304 will work as a volunteer; and
305 (q) the offender's Social Security number.
307 (a) provide the following additional information when available:
308 (i) the crimes the offender has been convicted of or adjudicated delinquent for;
309 (ii) a description of the offender's primary and secondary targets; and
310 (iii) any other relevant identifying information as determined by the department;
311 (b) maintain the Sex Offender Notification and Registration website; and
312 (c) ensure that the registration information collected regarding an offender's enrollment
313 or employment at an educational institution is:
314 (i) (A) promptly made available to any law enforcement agency that has jurisdiction
315 where the institution is located if the educational institution is an institution of higher
316 education; or
317 (B) promptly made available to the district superintendent of the school district where
318 the offender is enrolled if the educational institution is an institution of primary education; and
319 (ii) entered into the appropriate state records or data system.
321 provides false or incomplete information is guilty of:
322 (i) a third degree felony and shall be sentenced to serve a term of incarceration for not
323 less than 90 days and also at least one year of probation if:
324 (A) the offender is required to register for a felony conviction or adjudicated delinquent
325 for what would be a felony if the juvenile were an adult of an offense listed in Subsection
326 (1)(g)(i) or (n)(i); or
327 (B) the offender is required to register for the offender's lifetime under Subsection
329 (ii) a class A misdemeanor and shall be sentenced to serve a term of incarceration for
330 not fewer than 90 days and also at least one year of probation if the offender is required to
331 register for a misdemeanor conviction or is adjudicated delinquent for what would be a
332 misdemeanor if the juvenile were an adult of an offense listed in Subsection (1)(g)(i) or (n)(i).
333 (b) Neither the court nor the Board of Pardons and Parole may release a person who
334 violates this section from serving the term required under Subsection [
335 Subsection [
336 (c) The offender shall register for an additional year for every year in which the
337 offender does not comply with the registration requirements of this section.
339 Management Act, information in Subsection [
340 Subsection [
342 the offender is confined on any assignment, including, without limitation, firefighting or
343 disaster control, the official who has custody of the offender shall, within a reasonable time
344 prior to removal from the secure facility, notify the local law enforcement agencies where the
345 assignment is to be filled.
346 (b) This Subsection [
347 guard from the institution in which the person is confined.
349 expungement, a person convicted of any offense listed in Subsection (1)(g) or (n) is not
350 relieved from the responsibility to register as required under this section.
352 (a) may not change the offender's name:
353 (i) while under the jurisdiction of the department; and
354 (ii) until the registration requirements of this statute have expired; and
355 (b) may not change the offender's name at any time, if registration is for life under
356 Subsection [
358 section, including:
359 (a) the method for dissemination of the information; and
360 (b) instructions to the public regarding the use of the information.
362 redacted by the department from information provided under Subsections [
365 obtain information regarding any sex offender from the department.
367 website on the Internet, which shall contain a disclaimer informing the public:
368 (a) the information contained on the site is obtained from offenders and the department
369 does not guarantee its accuracy or completeness;
370 (b) members of the public are not allowed to use the information to harass or threaten
371 offenders or members of their families; and
372 (c) harassment, stalking, or threats against offenders or their families are prohibited and
373 doing so may violate Utah criminal laws.
375 both the surname of the offender and by postal codes.
377 Registration website so that users, before accessing registry information, must indicate that
378 they have read the disclaimer, understand it, and agree to comply with its terms.
380 following registry information:
381 (a) all names and aliases by which the offender is or has been known;
382 (b) the addresses of the offender's primary, secondary, and temporary residences;
383 (c) a physical description, including the offender's date of birth, height, weight, and eye
384 and hair color;
385 (d) the make, model, color, year, and plate number of any vehicle or vehicles the
386 offender owns or regularly drives;
387 (e) a current photograph of the offender;
388 (f) a list of all professional licenses that authorize the offender to engage in an
389 occupation or carry out a trade or business;
390 (g) each educational institution in Utah at which the offender is employed, carries on a
391 vocation, or is a student;
392 (h) a list of places where the offender works as a volunteer;
393 (i) the crimes listed in Subsections (1)(g) and (1)(n) that the offender has been
394 convicted of or for which the offender has been adjudicated delinquent in juvenile court; and
395 (j) a description of the offender's primary and secondary targets.
397 request or upon the direction of the department are immune from civil liability for damages for
398 good faith compliance with this section and will be presumed to have acted in good faith by
399 reporting information.
401 identify a victim.
403 the month of the offender's birth, pay to the department an annual fee of $100 each year the
404 offender is subject to the registration requirements of this section.
405 (b) Notwithstanding Subsection [
406 facility or in a state mental hospital is not required to pay the annual fee.
407 (c) The department shall deposit fees under this Subsection [
408 Fund as a dedicated credit, to be used by the department for maintaining the offender registry
409 under this section and monitoring offender registration compliance, including the costs of:
410 (i) data entry;
411 (ii) processing registration packets;
412 (iii) updating registry information;
413 (iv) ensuring offender compliance with registration requirements under this section;
415 (v) apprehending offenders who are in violation of the offender registration
416 requirements under this section.
418 is not required to provide the department with:
419 (a) the offender's online identifier and password used exclusively for the offender's
420 employment on equipment provided by an employer and used to access the employer's private
421 network; or
422 (b) online identifiers for the offender's financial accounts, including any bank,
423 retirement, or investment accounts.
Legislative Review Note
as of 11-19-08 1:36 PM