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H.B. 129

             1     

ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGE AMENDMENTS

             2     
RELATED TO MINORS

             3     
2009 GENERAL SESSION

             4     
STATE OF UTAH

             5     
Chief Sponsor: Curtis Oda

             6     
Senate Sponsor: Gene Davis

             7     
             8      LONG TITLE
             9      General Description:
             10          This bill modifies the Alcoholic Beverage Control Act provisions related to driving
             11      privileges, and addresses penalties and liability related to violations involving a minor.
             12      Highlighted Provisions:
             13          This bill:
             14          .    modifies penalties for violations related to proof of age;
             15          .    modifies penalties related to suspension of driving privileges of a minor;
             16          .    makes a minor, or in certain circumstances, a parent or guardian of a minor, liable to
             17      a retail licensee for a portion of monetary penalties imposed on a retail licensee for a
             18      violation related to a minor; and
             19          .    makes technical and conforming amendments.
             20      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             21          None
             22      Other Special Clauses:
             23          None
             24      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             25      AMENDS:
             26          32A-1-301, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2004, Chapter 70
             27          32A-1-305, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 1990, Chapter 23


             28          32A-12-209, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             29          32A-12-209.5, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             30          53-3-220, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapters 3, 226, and 296
             31          78A-6-606, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             32      ENACTS:
             33          32A-12-223, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             34          32A-14b-101, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             35          32A-14b-102, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             36          32A-14b-201, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             37          32A-14b-202, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             38          32A-14b-203, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             39     
             40      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             41          Section 1. Section 32A-1-301 is amended to read:
             42           32A-1-301. Unlawful transfer or use of proof of age -- False information.
             43          (1) (a) It is unlawful for a person to transfer that person's proof of age to [any other]
             44      another person to aid that person:
             45          (i) in procuring an alcoholic [beverages or products] beverage or product;
             46          (ii) to gain admittance to a place where [alcoholic beverages or products are] an
             47      alcoholic beverage or product is sold or consumed; or
             48          (iii) to obtain [any] employment that under this title may not be obtained by a minor.
             49          (b) [Any] A person who permits that person's proof of age to be used by another for
             50      [any] a purpose stated in Subsection (1)(a) is guilty of a class B misdemeanor.
             51          (2) (a) It is unlawful for a person to use a proof of age containing false information
             52      with the intent to:
             53          (i) procure an alcoholic [beverages or products] beverage or product;
             54          (ii) gain admittance to a place where an alcoholic [beverages or products are] beverage
             55      or product is sold or consumed; or
             56          (iii) obtain [any] employment that under this title may not be obtained by a minor.
             57          (b) [A] Except as provided in Section 32A-12-223 , a person who violates this
             58      Subsection (2) is guilty of a class A misdemeanor.


             59          Section 2. Section 32A-1-305 is amended to read:
             60           32A-1-305. Penalty.
             61          Unless otherwise provided in this title, [any] including Section 32A-12-223 , a person
             62      who violates this part is guilty of a class B misdemeanor.
             63          Section 3. Section 32A-12-209 is amended to read:
             64           32A-12-209. Unlawful purchase, possession, consumption by minors --
             65      Measurable amounts in body.
             66          (1) Unless specifically authorized by this title, it is unlawful for [any] a minor to:
             67          (a) purchase [any] an alcoholic beverage or product;
             68          (b) attempt to purchase [any] an alcoholic beverage or product;
             69          (c) solicit another person to purchase [any] an alcoholic beverage or product;
             70          (d) possess [any] an alcoholic beverage or product;
             71          (e) consume [any] an alcoholic beverage or product; or
             72          (f) have measurable blood, breath, or urine alcohol concentration in the minor's body.
             73          (2) It is unlawful for the purpose of purchasing or otherwise obtaining an alcoholic
             74      beverage or product for a minor for:
             75          (a) [any] a minor to misrepresent the minor's age; or
             76          (b) any other person to misrepresent the age of a minor.
             77          (3) It is unlawful for a minor to possess or consume [any] an alcoholic beverage while
             78      riding in a limousine or chartered bus.
             79          (4) When a minor who is at least 18 years old, but younger than 21 years old, is found
             80      by a court to have violated this section, except as provided in Section 32A-12-223 :
             81          (a) if the violation is the minor's first violation of this section, the court may suspend
             82      the minor's driving privileges; or
             83          (b) if the violation is the minor's second or subsequent violation of this section, the
             84      court shall suspend the minor's driving privileges.
             85          (5) When a minor who is at least 13 years old, but younger than 18 years old, is found
             86      by the court to have violated this section, [the provisions regarding suspension of the driver's
             87      license under] Section 78A-6-606 [apply] applies to the violation.
             88          (6) When [the] a court issues an order suspending a person's driving privileges for a
             89      violation of this section, the Driver License Division shall suspend the person's license under


             90      Section 53-3-219 .
             91          (7) When the Department of Public Safety receives the arrest or conviction record of a
             92      person for a driving offense committed while the person's license is suspended pursuant to this
             93      section, the [department] Department of Public Safety shall extend the suspension for an
             94      additional like period of time.
             95          (8) This section does not apply to a minor's consumption of an alcoholic beverage or
             96      product in accordance with this title:
             97          (a) for medicinal purposes if the alcoholic beverage or product is furnished by:
             98          (i) the parent or guardian of the minor; or
             99          (ii) the minor's physician or dentist; or
             100          (b) as part of a church's or religious organization's religious services.
             101          Section 4. Section 32A-12-209.5 is amended to read:
             102           32A-12-209.5. Unlawful admittance or attempt to gain admittance by minor.
             103          (1) It is unlawful for a minor to gain admittance or attempt to gain admittance to the
             104      premises of:
             105          (a) a tavern; or
             106          (b) a class D private club, except to the extent authorized by Subsection 32A-5-107 (8).
             107          (2) A minor who violates this section is guilty of a class C misdemeanor.
             108          (3) When a minor who is at least 18 years old, but younger than 21 years old, is found
             109      by a court to have violated this section, except as provided in Section 32A-12-223 :
             110          (a) if the violation is the minor's first violation of this section, the court may suspend
             111      the minor's driving privileges; or
             112          (b) if the violation is the minor's second or subsequent violation of this section, the
             113      court shall suspend the minor's driving privileges.
             114          (4) When a minor who is at least 13 years old, but younger than 18 years old, is found
             115      by a court to have violated this section, [the provisions regarding suspension of the driver's
             116      license under] Section 78A-6-606 [apply] applies to the violation.
             117          (5) When [the] a court issues an order suspending a person's driving privileges for a
             118      violation of this section, the Driver License Division shall suspend the person's license under
             119      Section 53-3-219 .
             120          (6) When the Department of Public Safety receives the arrest or conviction record of a


             121      person for a driving offense committed while the person's license is suspended pursuant to this
             122      section, the [department] Department of Public Safety shall extend the suspension for an
             123      additional like period of time.
             124          Section 5. Section 32A-12-223 is enacted to read:
             125          32A-12-223. Minor's unlawful use of proof of age.
             126          (1) As used in this section, "proof of age violation" means a violation by a minor of:
             127          (a) Chapter 1, Part 3, Proof of Age; or
             128          (b) if as part of the violation the minor uses a proof of age in violation of Chapter 1,
             129      Part 3, Proof of Age:
             130          (i) Section 32A-12-209 ; or
             131          (ii) Section 32A-12-209.5 .
             132          (2) If a court finds a minor engaged in a proof of age violation, notwithstanding the
             133      penalties provided for in the provisions listed in Subsection (1):
             134          (a) (i) for a first violation, the minor is guilty of a class B misdemeanor;
             135          (ii) for a second violation, the minor is guilty of a class A misdemeanor; and
             136          (iii) for a third or subsequent violation, the minor is guilty of a class A misdemeanor,
             137      except that the court may impose:
             138          (A) a fine of up to $5,000;
             139          (B) screening, assessment, or substance abuse treatment, as defined in Section
             140      41-6a-501 ;
             141          (C) an educational series, as defined in Section 41-6a-501 ;
             142          (D) alcoholic beverage related community service or compensatory-service work
             143      program hours;
             144          (E) fees for restitution and treatment costs;
             145          (F) defensive driver education courses; or
             146          (G) a combination of these penalties; and
             147          (b) (i) for a minor who is at least 13 years old, but younger than 18 years old:
             148          (A) the court shall forward to the Driver License Division a record of an adjudication
             149      under Title 78A, Chapter 6, Juvenile Court Act of 1996, for a violation under this section; and
             150          (B) the provisions regarding suspension of a driver's license under Section 78A-6-606
             151      apply; and


             152          (ii) for a minor who is at least 18 years old, but younger than 21 years old:
             153          (A) the court shall forward to the Driver License Division a record of conviction for a
             154      violation under this section; and
             155          (B) the Driver License Division shall suspend the person's license under Section
             156      53-3-220 .
             157          (3) When the Department of Public Safety receives the arrest or conviction record of an
             158      individual for a driving offense committed while the individual's license is suspended pursuant
             159      to this section, the Department of Public Safety shall extend the suspension for an additional
             160      like period of time.
             161          (4) A court may not fail to enter a judgment of conviction under this section under a
             162      plea in abeyance agreement.
             163          Section 6. Section 32A-14b-101 is enacted to read:
             164     
CHAPTER 14b. MINOR LIABILITY ACT

             165     
Part 1. General Provisions

             166          32A-14b-101. Title.
             167          This chapter is known as the "Minor Liability Act."
             168          Section 7. Section 32A-14b-102 is enacted to read:
             169          32A-14b-102. Definitions.
             170          As used in this chapter:
             171          (1) "Applicable fine" means the sum of the following imposed or assessed under this
             172      title by the commission for a violation related to a minor:
             173          (a) a fine; and
             174          (b) administrative costs of a disciplinary proceeding.
             175          (2) "Retail licensee" means a person licensed under this chapter to sell an alcoholic
             176      beverage at retail.
             177          (3) "Violation related to a minor" means a violation under this title:
             178          (a) that is, in whole or in part, based on a retail licensee, or an employee or agent of
             179      the retail licensee:
             180          (i) selling, serving, or otherwise furnishing an alcoholic product to a minor;
             181          (ii) purchasing or otherwise obtaining an alcoholic product for a minor;
             182          (iii) permitting a minor to consume an alcoholic product;


             183          (iv) permitting a minor to gain admittance to an area into which a minor is not
             184      permitted under this title; or
             185          (v) offering or providing employment to a minor that under this title may not be
             186      obtained by a minor; and
             187          (b) if as part of the violation the minor uses proof of age in violation of Chapter 1, Part
             188      3, Proof of Age.
             189          Section 8. Section 32A-14b-201 is enacted to read:
             190     
Part 2. Liability to Retail Licensee

             191          32A-14b-201. Liability related to fine.
             192          (1) A minor is liable to a retail licensee in an amount described in Subsection (2) if:
             193          (a) the commission imposes an applicable fine against the retail licensee;
             194          (b) the minor is involved in the violation related to a minor that is the basis for the
             195      applicable fine; and
             196          (c) as part of the facts that are the basis for the applicable fine, the minor attempts to:
             197          (i) use proof of age in violation of Chapter 1, Part 3, Proof of Age; or
             198          (ii) otherwise engage in an act that is a violation of this title for a minor to engage in.
             199          (2) If the conditions of Subsection (1) are met, a minor is liable to a retail licensee for
             200      an amount equal to the sum of:
             201          (a) one-half of the amount of the applicable fine imposed against the retail licensee;
             202      and
             203          (b) the costs and attorney fees incurred by the retail licensee under Section
             204      32A-14b-202 to collect the amount owed under this section.
             205          Section 9. Section 32A-14b-202 is enacted to read:
             206          32A-14b-202. Bringing an action.
             207          (1) A retail licensee to whom a minor is liable under Section 32A-14b-201 may bring
             208      an action in a court of competent jurisdiction to collect the amount described in Section
             209      32A-14b-201 .
             210          (2) The action allowed under this section may be brought against:
             211          (a) the minor; or
             212          (b) if the minor is less than 18 years of age, a parent or guardian of the minor.
             213          (3) An action under this chapter may not be commenced more than two years after the


             214      day on which the applicable fine is imposed by the commission.
             215          (4) Nothing in this chapter precludes a cause of action or additional recovery against a
             216      minor under law other than this chapter.
             217          Section 10. Section 32A-14b-203 is enacted to read:
             218          32A-14b-203. Action for contribution.
             219          (1) (a) Subject to Subsections (2) and (3), a minor liable under Section 32A-14b-201
             220      against whom an award is made under this chapter, may bring a separate cause of action for
             221      contribution against a person causing the liability under Section 32A-14b-201 .
             222          (b) The maximum amount for which a person described in Subsection (1)(a) may be
             223      liable to a minor seeking contribution is that percentage or proportion of the amount described
             224      in Section 32A-14b-201 equivalent to the percentage or proportion of fault attributed to that
             225      person causing the liability under Section 32A-14b-201 .
             226          (2) An action for contribution under this section may not be brought against:
             227          (a) the retail licensee to whom the minor is liable; or
             228          (b) an employee or agent of the retail licensee.
             229          (3) An action for contribution under this section may not diminish the amount collected
             230      by a retail licensee under this chapter.
             231          Section 11. Section 53-3-220 is amended to read:
             232           53-3-220. Offenses requiring mandatory revocation, denial, suspension, or
             233      disqualification of license -- Offense requiring an extension of period -- Hearing --
             234      Limited driving privileges.
             235          (1) (a) The division shall immediately revoke or, when this chapter or Title 41, Chapter
             236      6a, Traffic Code, specifically provides for denial, suspension, or disqualification, the division
             237      shall deny, suspend, or disqualify the license of a person upon receiving a record of the person's
             238      conviction for:
             239          (i) manslaughter or negligent homicide resulting from driving a motor vehicle, or
             240      automobile homicide under Section 76-5-207 ;
             241          (ii) driving or being in actual physical control of a motor vehicle while under the
             242      influence of alcohol, any drug, or combination of them to a degree that renders the person
             243      incapable of safely driving a motor vehicle as prohibited in Section 41-6a-502 or as prohibited
             244      in an ordinance that complies with the requirements of Subsection 41-6a-510 (1);


             245          (iii) driving or being in actual physical control of a motor vehicle while having a blood
             246      or breath alcohol content prohibited in Section 41-6a-502 or as prohibited in an ordinance that
             247      complies with the requirements of Subsection 41-6a-510 (1);
             248          (iv) perjury or the making of a false affidavit to the division under this chapter, Title
             249      41, Motor Vehicles, or any other law of this state requiring the registration of motor vehicles or
             250      regulating driving on highways;
             251          (v) any felony under the motor vehicle laws of this state;
             252          (vi) any other felony in which a motor vehicle is used to facilitate the offense;
             253          (vii) failure to stop and render aid as required under the laws of this state if a motor
             254      vehicle accident results in the death or personal injury of another;
             255          (viii) two charges of reckless driving, impaired driving, or any combination of reckless
             256      driving and impaired driving committed within a period of 12 months; but if upon a first
             257      conviction of reckless driving or impaired driving the judge or justice recommends suspension
             258      of the convicted person's license, the division may after a hearing suspend the license for a
             259      period of three months;
             260          (ix) failure to bring a motor vehicle to a stop at the command of a peace officer as
             261      required in Section 41-6a-210 ;
             262          (x) any offense specified in Part 4, Uniform Commercial Driver License Act, that
             263      requires disqualification;
             264          (xi) a felony violation of Section 76-10-508 or 76-10-508.1 involving discharging or
             265      allowing the discharge of a firearm from a vehicle;
             266          (xii) using, allowing the use of, or causing to be used any explosive, chemical, or
             267      incendiary device from a vehicle in violation of Subsection 76-10-306 (4)(b);
             268          (xiii) operating or being in actual physical control of a motor vehicle while having any
             269      measurable controlled substance or metabolite of a controlled substance in the person's body in
             270      violation of Section 41-6a-517 ;
             271          (xiv) until July 30, 2015, operating or being in actual physical control of a motor
             272      vehicle while having any alcohol in the person's body in violation of Section 53-3-232 ;
             273          (xv) operating or being in actual physical control of a motor vehicle while having any
             274      measurable or detectable amount of alcohol in the person's body in violation of Section
             275      41-6a-530 ;


             276          (xvi) engaging in a motor vehicle speed contest or exhibition of speed on a highway in
             277      violation of Section 41-6a-606 ; or
             278          (xvii) operating or being in actual physical control of a motor vehicle in this state
             279      without an ignition interlock system in violation of Section 41-6a-518.2 .
             280          (b) The division shall immediately revoke the license of a person upon receiving a
             281      record of an adjudication under Title 78A, Chapter 6, Juvenile Court Act of 1996, for:
             282          (i) a felony violation of Section 76-10-508 or 76-10-508.1 involving discharging or
             283      allowing the discharge of a firearm from a vehicle; or
             284          (ii) using, allowing the use of, or causing to be used any explosive, chemical, or
             285      incendiary device from a vehicle in violation of Subsection 76-10-306 (4)(b).
             286          (c) Except when action is taken under Section 53-3-219 for the same offense, the
             287      division shall immediately suspend for six months the license of a person upon receiving a
             288      record of conviction for:
             289          (i) any violation of:
             290          (A) Title 58, Chapter 37, Utah Controlled Substances Act;
             291          (B) Title 58, Chapter 37a, Utah Drug Paraphernalia Act;
             292          (C) Title 58, Chapter 37b, Imitation Controlled Substances Act;
             293          (D) Title 58, Chapter 37c, Utah Controlled Substance Precursor Act; or
             294          (E) Title 58, Chapter 37d, Clandestine Drug Lab Act; or
             295          (ii) any criminal offense that prohibits:
             296          (A) possession, distribution, manufacture, cultivation, sale, or transfer of any substance
             297      that is prohibited under the acts described in Subsection (1)(c)(i); or
             298          (B) the attempt or conspiracy to possess, distribute, manufacture, cultivate, sell, or
             299      transfer any substance that is prohibited under the acts described in Subsection (1)(c)(i).
             300          (d) (i) The division shall immediately suspend for one year the license of a person upon
             301      receiving a record of:
             302          (A) conviction for a violation under Section 32A-12-223 ; or
             303          (B) an adjudication under Title 78A, Chapter 6, Juvenile Court Act of 1996, for a
             304      violation under Section 32A-12-223 .
             305          (ii) Upon receipt of a record under Subsection (1)(d)(i), the division shall:
             306          (A) impose a suspension for one year beginning on the date of conviction; or


             307          (B) if the person is under the age of eligibility for a driver license, impose a suspension
             308      that begins on the date of conviction and continues for one year beginning on the date of
             309      eligibility for a driver license.
             310          (2) The division shall extend the period of the first denial, suspension, revocation, or
             311      disqualification for an additional like period, to a maximum of one year for each subsequent
             312      occurrence, upon receiving:
             313          (a) a record of the conviction of any person on a charge of driving a motor vehicle
             314      while the person's license is denied, suspended, revoked, or disqualified;
             315          (b) a record of a conviction of the person for any violation of the motor vehicle law in
             316      which the person was involved as a driver;
             317          (c) a report of an arrest of the person for any violation of the motor vehicle law in
             318      which the person was involved as a driver; or
             319          (d) a report of an accident in which the person was involved as a driver.
             320          (3) When the division receives a report under Subsection (2)(c) or (d) that a person is
             321      driving while the person's license is denied, suspended, disqualified, or revoked, the person is
             322      entitled to a hearing regarding the extension of the time of denial, suspension, disqualification,
             323      or revocation originally imposed under Section 53-3-221 .
             324          (4) (a) The division may extend to a person the limited privilege of driving a motor
             325      vehicle to and from the person's place of employment or within other specified limits on
             326      recommendation of the trial judge in any case where a person is convicted of any of the
             327      offenses referred to in Subsections (1) and (2) except:
             328          (i) automobile homicide under Subsection (1)(a)(i);
             329          (ii) those offenses referred to in Subsections (1)(a)(ii), (a)(iii), (a)(xi), (a)(xii), (a)(xiii),
             330      (1)(b), and (1)(c); and
             331          (iii) those offenses referred to in Subsection (2) when the original denial, suspension,
             332      revocation, or disqualification was imposed because of a violation of Section 41-6a-502 ,
             333      41-6a-517 , a local ordinance which complies with the requirements of Subsection
             334      41-6a-510 (1), Section 41-6a-520 , or Section 76-5-207 , or a criminal prohibition that the person
             335      was charged with violating as a result of a plea bargain after having been originally charged
             336      with violating one or more of these sections or ordinances.
             337          (b) This discretionary privilege is limited to when undue hardship would result from a


             338      failure to grant the privilege and may be granted only once to any person during any single
             339      period of denial, suspension, revocation, or disqualification, or extension of that denial,
             340      suspension, revocation, or disqualification.
             341          (c) A limited CDL may not be granted to a person disqualified under Part 4, Uniform
             342      Commercial Driver License Act, or whose license has been revoked, suspended, cancelled, or
             343      denied under this chapter.
             344          Section 12. Section 78A-6-606 is amended to read:
             345           78A-6-606. Suspension of license for certain offenses.
             346          (1) This section applies to [minors who are] a minor who is at least 13 years of age
             347      when found by the court to be within its jurisdiction by the commission of [any] an offense
             348      under:
             349          [(a) Section 58-37-8 ;]
             350          [(b)] (a) Section 32A-12-209 ;
             351          [(c)] (b) Section 32A-12-209.5 ;
             352          (c) Section 32A-12-223 ;
             353          (d) Section 58-37-8 ;
             354          [(d)] (e) Title 58, Chapter 37a, Utah Drug Paraphernalia Act;
             355          [(e)] (f) Title 58, Chapter 37b, Imitation Controlled Substances Act; or
             356          [(f)] (g) Subsection 76-9-701 (1).
             357          (2) If the court hearing the case determines that the minor committed an offense under
             358      Section 58-37-8 or Title 58, Chapter 37a or 37b, the court shall prepare and send to the Driver
             359      License Division of the Department of Public Safety an order to suspend that minor's driving
             360      privileges.
             361          (3) [If] (a) Except as provided in Subsection (3)(b), if the court hearing the case
             362      determines that the minor violated Section 32A-12-209 [, Section ] or 32A-12-209.5 , or
             363      Subsection 76-9-701 (1), and the violation is the minor's:
             364          [(a)] (i) first violation, the court may suspend the minor's driving privileges; or
             365          [(b)] (ii) second or subsequent violation, the court shall suspend the minor's driving
             366      privileges.
             367          (b) If a minor commits a proof of age violation, as defined in Section 32A-12-223 :
             368          (i) the court shall forward a record of adjudication to the Department of Public Safety


             369      for a first or subsequent violation; and
             370          (ii) the minor's driving privileges will be suspended for a period of at least one year
             371      under Section 53-3-220 .
             372          (4) A minor's license shall be suspended under Section 53-3-219 when a court issues
             373      an order suspending the minor's driving privileges for a violation of:
             374          (a) Section 32A-12-209 ;
             375          (b) Section 32A-12-209.5 ;
             376          (c) Section 58-37-8 ;
             377          (d) Title 58, Chapter 37a or 37b; or
             378          (e) Subsection 76-9-701 (1).
             379          (5) When the Department of Public Safety receives the arrest or conviction record of a
             380      person for a driving offense committed while [his] the person's license is suspended under this
             381      section, the [department] Department of Public Safety shall extend the suspension for a like
             382      period of time.




Legislative Review Note
    as of 1-26-09 6:00 PM


Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel


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