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H.B. 153





Chief Sponsor: John G. Mathis

Senate Sponsor: Dennis E. Stowell

             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill modifies the Criminal Code regarding trespass on agricultural and range lands.
             10      Highlighted Provisions:
             11          This bill:
             12          .    creates the offense of criminal trespass on agricultural or range lands;
             13          .    describes the requirements necessary in order for a person to enter these lands
             14      lawfully;
             15          .    provides definitions; and
             16          .    provides a civil penalty.
             17      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             18          None
             19      Other Special Clauses:
             20          None
             21      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             22      ENACTS:
             23          76-6-206.3, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             25      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             26          Section 1. Section 76-6-206.3 is enacted to read:
             27          76-6-206.3. Criminal trespass on agricultural land or range land.

             28          (1) As used in this section:
             29          (a) "Agricultural or range land" and "land" mean land as defined under Subsections
             30      (1)(d) and (e).
             31          (b) "Authorization" means specific written permission by, or contractual agreement
             32      with, the owner or manager of the property.
             33          (c) "Criminal trespass" means the elements of the crime of criminal trespass under
             34      Section 76-6-206 .
             35          (d) "Land in agricultural use" has the same meaning as in Section 59-2-502 .
             36          (e) "Range land" means privately owned land that is not fenced or divided into lots and
             37      that is generally unimproved. This land includes land used for livestock.
             38          (2) A person is guilty of criminal trespass on agricultural or range land and is liable for
             39      the civil damages under Subsection (5) if, under circumstances not amounting to a greater
             40      offense, and without authorization or a right under state law, the person enters or remains on
             41      agricultural or range land regarding which notice prohibiting entry is given by:
             42          (a) personal communication to the person by the owner of the land, an employee of the
             43      owner, or a person with apparent authority to act for the owner;
             44          (b) fencing or other form of enclosure a reasonable person would recognize as intended
             45      to prevent trespass; or
             46          (c) posted signs or markers that would reasonably be expected to be seen by persons in
             47      the area of the borders of the land.
             48          (3) A violation of Subsection (2) is a class B misdemeanor.
             49          (4) In addition to restitution, as provided in Section 76-3-201 , a person who commits
             50      any violation of Subsection (2) may also be liable for:
             51          (a) statutory damages in the amount of the value of damages resulting from the
             52      violation of Subsection (2) or $500, whichever is greater; and
             53          (b) reasonable attorney fees and court costs, but not to exceed $250.
             54          (5) Civil damages under Subsection (4) may be collected in a separate action by the
             55      owner of the agricultural or range land or the owner's assignee.

Legislative Review Note
    as of 2-2-09 1:46 PM

Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel

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