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Second Substitute H.B. 246
8 LONG TITLE
9 General Description:
10 This bill amends provisions of the Property Tax Act relating to the residential property
11 tax exemption.
12 Highlighted Provisions:
13 This bill:
14 . amends the size of residential property that may qualify for a residential exemption
15 due to a local zoning requirement for residential property or due to the covenants,
16 conditions, and restrictions of a neighborhood, subdivision, or planned unit
18 . provides procedures to obtain a residential exemption for certain property owners
19 with a primary residence with more than one acre of land;
20 . provides that a county assessor may require an owner of residential property to file a
21 statement showing that the property qualifies for the residential exemption with the
22 county assessor if:
23 . the residential property is sold; or
24 . the county assessor has reason to believe that the residential property no longer
25 qualifies for the residential property tax exemption;
26 . provides a penalty for falsely obtaining a residential property tax exemption;
27 . defines terms; and
28 . makes technical changes.
29 Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
31 Other Special Clauses:
32 This bill takes effect on January 1, 2010.
33 Utah Code Sections Affected:
35 59-2-103, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2004, Chapters 90 and 281
36 59-2-103.5, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 382
38 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
39 Section 1. Section 59-2-103 is amended to read:
40 59-2-103. Rate of assessment of property -- Residential property.
41 (1) All tangible taxable property located within the state shall be assessed and taxed at
42 a uniform and equal rate on the basis of its fair market value, as valued on January 1, unless
43 otherwise provided by law.
44 (2) Subject to Subsections (3) and (4), beginning on January 1, 1995, the fair market
45 value of residential property located within the state shall be reduced by 45%, representing a
46 residential exemption allowed under Utah Constitution Article XIII, Section 2.
47 (3) [
48 per residential unit may qualify for the residential exemption.
49 (b) A residential unit with land having a parcel size of more than one acre of land
50 qualifies for a residential exemption if the residential unit is:
51 (i) prohibited from being subdivided due to:
52 (A) a zoning ordinance adopted by a:
53 (I) county in accordance with Title 17, Chapter 27a, Part 5, Land Use Ordinances; or
54 (II) city or town in accordance with Title 10, Chapter 9a, Part 5, Land Use Ordinances;
56 (B) the covenants, conditions, and restrictions of a neighborhood, subdivision, or
57 planned unit development; and
58 (ii) six acres or less.
59 (4) (a) Except as provided in Subsection (4)(b)(ii), beginning on January 1, 2005, the
60 residential exemption in Subsection (2) is limited to one primary residence per household.
61 (b) An owner of multiple residential properties located within the state is allowed a
62 residential exemption under Subsection (2) for:
63 (i) subject to Subsection (4)(a), the primary residence of the owner; and
64 (ii) each residential property that is the primary residence of a tenant.
65 Section 2. Section 59-2-103.5 is amended to read:
66 59-2-103.5. Procedures to obtain an exemption for residential property -- Penalty
67 for falsely obtaining a residential exemption.
68 (1) (a) Subject to the other provisions of this section, [
70 accordance with Section 59-2-103 , a county assessor may require an owner of [
71 property [
72 in Subsection (2) if:
73 (i) the residential property is sold; or
74 (ii) the county assessor determines that there is reason to believe that the residential
75 property no longer qualifies for the residential exemption in accordance with Section 59-2-103 .
76 (b) Notwithstanding Subsection (1)(a) and subject to the other provisions of this
77 section, an owner of residential property that is more than one acre but six acres or less may be
78 allowed a residential exemption in accordance with Subsection 59-2-103 (3)(b) if the owner
79 files the following with the county assessor:
80 (i) a statement described in Subsection (2); and
81 (ii) if the owner's residential property qualifies for a residential exemption because the
82 owner is unable to subdivide the residential property due to restrictions contained in the
83 applicable covenants, conditions, and restrictions, a copy of the covenants, conditions, and
84 restrictions recorded with the county recorder.
85 (c) In accordance with Title 63G, Chapter 3, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act, for
86 purposes of this section, the commission shall promulgate a rule to broadly define the term
87 "sold" to include in the definition one or more instances where no legal transfer of title occurs.
88 (2) The statement described in Subsection (1) shall:
89 (a) be on a form prescribed by the commission by rule;
90 (b) be signed by all of the owners of the residential property;
91 (c) [
92 (d) [
94 a county [
98 determines that the requirements of [
114 residential property in accordance with Section 59-2-103 [
115 (a) the county assessor does not require the owner to file a statement in accordance
116 with Subsection (1)(a); and
117 (b) the size of the owner's residential property is one acre of land or less.
118 (5) If a county assessor does not allow a property owner a residential exemption in
119 accordance with this section, the property owner may file an application to appeal with the
120 county board of equalization in accordance with the procedures prescribed in Section
121 59-2-1004 .
122 (6) (a) A property owner shall pay a penalty described in Subsection (6)(b) for each tax
123 year the property owner:
124 (i) knowingly files a statement described in Subsection (2) with false information; or
125 (ii) falsely claims the owner's property is residential property that qualifies for a
126 residential exemption in Section 59-2-103 .
127 (b) The penalty described in Subsection (6)(a) is an amount equal to the sum of:
128 (i) the property tax that would have been due on the property without the residential
129 exemption for the tax year in which:
130 (A) the property owner received the residential exemption; and
131 (B) violated Subsection (6)(a); and
132 (ii) 10% of the amount described in Subsection (6)(b)(i).
134 Act, the commission shall make rules providing:
135 (i) the form for the statement described in Subsection [
136 (ii) the contents of the form for the statement described in Subsection [
137 (b) The commission shall make the form described in Subsection [
138 to counties.
139 Section 3. Effective date.
140 This bill takes effect on January 1, 2010.
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