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H.B. 373






Chief Sponsor: Paul Ray

Senate Sponsor: Jon J. Greiner

             8      LONG TITLE
             9      General Description:
             10          This bill modifies provisions regarding the Department of Corrections, the Criminal
             11      Code, and the Code of Criminal Procedure regarding diagnostic evaluations of
             12      defendants.
             13      Highlighted Provisions:
             14          This bill:
             15          .    repeals provisions allowing courts to commit a defendant to the custody of the
             16      Department of Corrections for a 90-day diagnostic evaluation prior to sentencing;
             17      and
             18          .    removes provisions in the code referring to providing diagnostic evaluations as part
             19      of the presentence information prepared for the sentencing court.
             20      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             21          None
             22      Other Special Clauses:
             23          None
             24      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             25      AMENDS:
             26          62A-15-501, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2002, Fifth Special Session,
             27      Chapter 8

             28          64-13-20, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 382
             29          77-18-1, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapters 3 and 382
             30      REPEALS:
             31          76-3-404, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1991, Chapter 206
             33      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             34          Section 1. Section 62A-15-501 is amended to read:
             35           62A-15-501. DUI -- Legislative policy -- Rehabilitation treatment and evaluation
             36      -- Use of victim impact panels.
             37          The Legislature finds that drivers impaired by alcohol or drugs constitute a major
             38      problem in this state and that the problem demands a comprehensive detection, intervention,
             39      education, and treatment program including emergency services, outpatient treatment,
             40      detoxification, residential care, inpatient care, [diagnostic evaluation,] medical and
             41      psychological care, social service care, vocational rehabilitation, and career counseling through
             42      public and private agencies. It is the policy of this state to provide those programs at the
             43      expense of persons convicted of driving while under the influence of intoxicating liquor or
             44      drugs. It is also the policy of this state to utilize victim impact panels to assist persons
             45      convicted of driving under the influence of intoxicating liquor or drugs to gain a full
             46      understanding of the severity of their offense.
             47          Section 2. Section 64-13-20 is amended to read:
             48           64-13-20. Investigative services -- Presentence investigation reports.
             49          (1) The department shall:
             50          (a) provide investigative [and diagnostic] services and prepare reports to:
             51          (i) assist the courts in sentencing;
             52          (ii) assist the Board of Pardons and Parole in its decision-making responsibilities
             53      regarding offenders;
             54          (iii) assist the department in managing offenders; and
             55          (iv) assure the professional and accountable management of the department;
             56          (b) establish standards for providing investigative [and diagnostic] services based on
             57      available resources, giving priority to felony cases; and
             58          (c) employ staff for the purpose of conducting:

             59          (i) thorough presentence investigations of the social, physical, and mental conditions
             60      and backgrounds of offenders; and
             61          (ii) examinations when required by the court or the Board of Pardons and Parole[; and].
             62          [(iii) thorough diagnostic evaluations of offenders as the court finds necessary to
             63      supplement the presentence investigation report under Section 76-3-404 .]
             64          (2) The department may provide recommendations concerning appropriate measures to
             65      be taken regarding offenders.
             66          (3) (a) The presentence [diagnostic evaluation and] investigation reports prepared by
             67      the department are protected as defined in Section 63G-2-305 and after sentencing may not be
             68      released except by express court order or by rules made by the Department of Corrections.
             69          (b) The reports are intended only for use by:
             70          (i) the court in the sentencing process;
             71          (ii) the Board of Pardons and Parole in its decisionmaking responsibilities; and
             72          (iii) the department in the supervision, confinement, and treatment of the offender.
             73          (4) Presentence [diagnostic evaluation and] investigation reports shall be made
             74      available upon request to other correctional programs within the state if the offender who is the
             75      subject of the report has been committed or is being evaluated for commitment to the facility
             76      for treatment as a condition of probation or parole.
             77          (5) (a) The presentence investigation reports shall include a victim impact statement in
             78      all felony cases and in misdemeanor cases if the defendant caused bodily harm or death to the
             79      victim.
             80          (b) Victim impact statements shall:
             81          (i) identify the victim of the offense;
             82          (ii) itemize any economic loss suffered by the victim as a result of the offense;
             83          (iii) identify any physical, mental, or emotional injuries suffered by the victim as a
             84      result of the offense, and the seriousness and permanence;
             85          (iv) describe any change in the victim's personal welfare or familial relationships as a
             86      result of the offense;
             87          (v) identify any request for mental health services initiated by the victim or the victim's
             88      family as a result of the offense; and
             89          (vi) contain any other information related to the impact of the offense upon the victim

             90      or the victim's family that the court requires.
             91          (6) If the victim is deceased; under a mental, physical, or legal disability; or otherwise
             92      unable to provide the information required under this section, the information may be obtained
             93      from the personal representative, guardian, or family members, as necessary.
             94          (7) The department shall employ staff necessary to pursue investigations of complaints
             95      from the public, staff, or offenders regarding the management of corrections programs.
             96          Section 3. Section 77-18-1 is amended to read:
             97           77-18-1. Suspension of sentence -- Pleas held in abeyance -- Probation --
             98      Supervision -- Presentence investigation -- Standards -- Confidentiality -- Terms and
             99      conditions -- Termination, revocation, modification, or extension -- Hearings -- Electronic
             100      monitoring.
             101          (1) On a plea of guilty or no contest entered by a defendant in conjunction with a plea
             102      in abeyance agreement, the court may hold the plea in abeyance as provided in Title 77,
             103      Chapter 2a, Pleas in Abeyance, and under the terms of the plea in abeyance agreement.
             104          (2) (a) On a plea of guilty, guilty and mentally ill, no contest, or conviction of any
             105      crime or offense, the court may, after imposing sentence, suspend the execution of the sentence
             106      and place the defendant on probation. The court may place the defendant:
             107          (i) on probation under the supervision of the Department of Corrections except in cases
             108      of class C misdemeanors or infractions;
             109          (ii) on probation with an agency of local government or with a private organization; or
             110          (iii) on bench probation under the jurisdiction of the sentencing court.
             111          (b) (i) The legal custody of all probationers under the supervision of the department is
             112      with the department.
             113          (ii) The legal custody of all probationers under the jurisdiction of the sentencing court
             114      is vested as ordered by the court.
             115          (iii) The court has continuing jurisdiction over all probationers.
             116          (3) (a) The department shall establish supervision and presentence investigation
             117      standards for all individuals referred to the department. These standards shall be based on:
             118          (i) the type of offense;
             119          (ii) the demand for services;
             120          (iii) the availability of agency resources;

             121          (iv) the public safety; and
             122          (v) other criteria established by the department to determine what level of services
             123      shall be provided.
             124          (b) Proposed supervision and investigation standards shall be submitted to the Judicial
             125      Council and the Board of Pardons and Parole on an annual basis for review and comment prior
             126      to adoption by the department.
             127          (c) The Judicial Council and the department shall establish procedures to implement
             128      the supervision and investigation standards.
             129          (d) The Judicial Council and the department shall annually consider modifications to
             130      the standards based upon criteria in Subsection (3)(a) and other criteria as they consider
             131      appropriate.
             132          (e) The Judicial Council and the department shall annually prepare an impact report
             133      and submit it to the appropriate legislative appropriations subcommittee.
             134          (4) Notwithstanding other provisions of law, the department is not required to
             135      supervise the probation of persons convicted of class B or C misdemeanors or infractions or to
             136      conduct presentence investigation reports on class C misdemeanors or infractions. However,
             137      the department may supervise the probation of class B misdemeanants in accordance with
             138      department standards.
             139          (5) (a) Prior to the imposition of any sentence, the court may, with the concurrence of
             140      the defendant, continue the date for the imposition of sentence for a reasonable period of time
             141      for the purpose of obtaining a presentence investigation report from the department or
             142      information from other sources about the defendant.
             143          (b) The presentence investigation report shall include a victim impact statement
             144      according to guidelines set in Section 77-38a-203 describing the effect of the crime on the
             145      victim and the victim's family.
             146          (c) The presentence investigation report shall include a specific statement of pecuniary
             147      damages, accompanied by a recommendation from the department regarding the payment of
             148      restitution with interest by the defendant in accordance with Title 77, Chapter 38a, Crime
             149      Victims Restitution Act.
             150          (d) The presentence investigation report shall include:
             151          (i) findings from any screening and any assessment of the offender conducted under

             152      Section 77-18-1.1 ; and
             153          (ii) recommendations for treatment of the offender.
             154          (e) The contents of the presentence investigation report[, including any diagnostic
             155      evaluation report ordered by the court under Section 76-3-404 ,] are protected and are not
             156      available except by court order for purposes of sentencing as provided by rule of the Judicial
             157      Council or for use by the department.
             158          (6) (a) The department shall provide the presentence investigation report to the
             159      defendant's attorney, or the defendant if not represented by counsel, the prosecutor, and the
             160      court for review, three working days prior to sentencing. Any alleged inaccuracies in the
             161      presentence investigation report, which have not been resolved by the parties and the
             162      department prior to sentencing, shall be brought to the attention of the sentencing judge, and
             163      the judge may grant an additional ten working days to resolve the alleged inaccuracies of the
             164      report with the department. If after ten working days the inaccuracies cannot be resolved, the
             165      court shall make a determination of relevance and accuracy on the record.
             166          (b) If a party fails to challenge the accuracy of the presentence investigation report at
             167      the time of sentencing, that matter shall be considered to be waived.
             168          (7) At the time of sentence, the court shall receive any testimony, evidence, or
             169      information the defendant or the prosecuting attorney desires to present concerning the
             170      appropriate sentence. This testimony, evidence, or information shall be presented in open court
             171      on record and in the presence of the defendant.
             172          (8) While on probation, and as a condition of probation, the court may require that the
             173      defendant:
             174          (a) perform any or all of the following:
             175          (i) pay, in one or several sums, any fine imposed at the time of being placed on
             176      probation;
             177          (ii) pay amounts required under Title 77, Chapter 32a, Defense Costs;
             178          (iii) provide for the support of others for whose support the defendant is legally liable;
             179          (iv) participate in available treatment programs, including any treatment program in
             180      which the defendant is currently participating, if the program is acceptable to the court;
             181          (v) serve a period of time, not to exceed one year, in a county jail designated by the
             182      department, after considering any recommendation by the court as to which jail the court finds

             183      most appropriate;
             184          (vi) serve a term of home confinement, which may include the use of electronic
             185      monitoring;
             186          (vii) participate in compensatory service restitution programs, including the
             187      compensatory service program provided in Section 76-6-107.1 ;
             188          (viii) pay for the costs of investigation, probation, and treatment services;
             189          (ix) make restitution or reparation to the victim or victims with interest in accordance
             190      with Title 77, Chapter 38a, Crime Victims Restitution Act; and
             191          (x) comply with other terms and conditions the court considers appropriate; and
             192          (b) if convicted on or after May 5, 1997:
             193          (i) complete high school classwork and obtain a high school graduation diploma, a
             194      GED certificate, or a vocational certificate at the defendant's own expense if the defendant has
             195      not received the diploma, GED certificate, or vocational certificate prior to being placed on
             196      probation; or
             197          (ii) provide documentation of the inability to obtain one of the items listed in
             198      Subsection (8)(b)(i) because of:
             199          (A) a diagnosed learning disability; or
             200          (B) other justified cause.
             201          (9) The department shall collect and disburse the account receivable as defined by
             202      Section 76-3-201.1 , with interest and any other costs assessed under Section 64-13-21 during:
             203          (a) the parole period and any extension of that period in accordance with Subsection
             204      77-27-6 (4); and
             205          (b) the probation period in cases for which the court orders supervised probation and
             206      any extension of that period by the department in accordance with Subsection (10).
             207          (10) (a) (i) Probation may be terminated at any time at the discretion of the court or
             208      upon completion without violation of 36 months probation in felony or class A misdemeanor
             209      cases, or 12 months in cases of class B or C misdemeanors or infractions.
             210          (ii) (A) If, upon expiration or termination of the probation period under Subsection
             211      (10)(a)(i), there remains an unpaid balance upon the account receivable as defined in Section
             212      76-3-201.1 , the court may retain jurisdiction of the case and continue the defendant on bench
             213      probation for the limited purpose of enforcing the payment of the account receivable.

             214          (B) In accordance with Section 77-18-6 , the court shall record in the registry of civil
             215      judgments any unpaid balance not already recorded and immediately transfer responsibility to
             216      collect the account to the Office of State Debt Collection.
             217          (iii) Upon motion of the Office of State Debt Collection, prosecutor, victim, or upon its
             218      own motion, the court may require the defendant to show cause why the defendant's failure to
             219      pay should not be treated as contempt of court.
             220          (b) (i) The department shall notify the sentencing court, the Office of State Debt
             221      Collection, and the prosecuting attorney in writing in advance in all cases when termination of
             222      supervised probation will occur by law.
             223          (ii) The notification shall include a probation progress report and complete report of
             224      details on outstanding accounts receivable.
             225          (11) (a) (i) Any time served by a probationer outside of confinement after having been
             226      charged with a probation violation and prior to a hearing to revoke probation does not
             227      constitute service of time toward the total probation term unless the probationer is exonerated
             228      at a hearing to revoke the probation.
             229          (ii) Any time served in confinement awaiting a hearing or decision concerning
             230      revocation of probation does not constitute service of time toward the total probation term
             231      unless the probationer is exonerated at the hearing.
             232          (b) The running of the probation period is tolled upon the filing of a violation report
             233      with the court alleging a violation of the terms and conditions of probation or upon the issuance
             234      of an order to show cause or warrant by the court.
             235          (12) (a) (i) Probation may not be modified or extended except upon waiver of a hearing
             236      by the probationer or upon a hearing and a finding in court that the probationer has violated the
             237      conditions of probation.
             238          (ii) Probation may not be revoked except upon a hearing in court and a finding that the
             239      conditions of probation have been violated.
             240          (b) (i) Upon the filing of an affidavit alleging with particularity facts asserted to
             241      constitute violation of the conditions of probation, the court that authorized probation shall
             242      determine if the affidavit establishes probable cause to believe that revocation, modification, or
             243      extension of probation is justified.
             244          (ii) If the court determines there is probable cause, it shall cause to be served on the

             245      defendant a warrant for the defendant's arrest or a copy of the affidavit and an order to show
             246      cause why the defendant's probation should not be revoked, modified, or extended.
             247          (c) (i) The order to show cause shall specify a time and place for the hearing and shall
             248      be served upon the defendant at least five days prior to the hearing.
             249          (ii) The defendant shall show good cause for a continuance.
             250          (iii) The order to show cause shall inform the defendant of a right to be represented by
             251      counsel at the hearing and to have counsel appointed [for him] if the defendant is indigent.
             252          (iv) The order shall also inform the defendant of a right to present evidence.
             253          (d) (i) At the hearing, the defendant shall admit or deny the allegations of the affidavit.
             254          (ii) If the defendant denies the allegations of the affidavit, the prosecuting attorney
             255      shall present evidence on the allegations.
             256          (iii) The persons who have given adverse information on which the allegations are
             257      based shall be presented as witnesses subject to questioning by the defendant unless the court
             258      for good cause otherwise orders.
             259          (iv) The defendant may call witnesses, appear and speak in the defendant's own behalf,
             260      and present evidence.
             261          (e) (i) After the hearing the court shall make findings of fact.
             262          (ii) Upon a finding that the defendant violated the conditions of probation, the court
             263      may order the probation revoked, modified, continued, or that the entire probation term
             264      commence anew.
             265          (iii) If probation is revoked, the defendant shall be sentenced or the sentence previously
             266      imposed shall be executed.
             267          (13) The court may order the defendant to commit himself to the custody of the
             268      Division of Substance Abuse and Mental Health for treatment at the Utah State Hospital as a
             269      condition of probation or stay of sentence, only after the superintendent of the Utah State
             270      Hospital or the superintendent's designee has certified to the court that:
             271          (a) the defendant is appropriate for and can benefit from treatment at the state hospital;
             272          (b) treatment space at the hospital is available for the defendant; and
             273          (c) persons described in Subsection 62A-15-610 (2)(g) are receiving priority for
             274      treatment over the defendants described in this Subsection (13).
             275          (14) Presentence investigation reports[, including presentence diagnostic evaluations,]

             276      are classified protected in accordance with Title 63G, Chapter 2, Government Records Access
             277      and Management Act. Notwithstanding Sections 63G-2-403 and 63G-2-404 , the State Records
             278      Committee may not order the disclosure of a presentence investigation report. Except for
             279      disclosure at the time of sentencing pursuant to this section, the department may disclose the
             280      presentence investigation only when:
             281          (a) ordered by the court pursuant to Subsection 63G-2-202 (7);
             282          (b) requested by a law enforcement agency or other agency approved by the department
             283      for purposes of supervision, confinement, and treatment of the offender;
             284          (c) requested by the Board of Pardons and Parole;
             285          (d) requested by the subject of the presentence investigation report or the subject's
             286      authorized representative; or
             287          (e) requested by the victim of the crime discussed in the presentence investigation
             288      report or the victim's authorized representative, provided that the disclosure to the victim shall
             289      include only information relating to statements or materials provided by the victim, to the
             290      circumstances of the crime including statements by the defendant, or to the impact of the crime
             291      on the victim or the victim's household.
             292          (15) (a) The court shall consider home confinement as a condition of probation under
             293      the supervision of the department, except as provided in Sections 76-3-406 and 76-5-406.5 .
             294          (b) The department shall establish procedures and standards for home confinement,
             295      including electronic monitoring, for all individuals referred to the department in accordance
             296      with Subsection (16).
             297          (16) (a) If the court places the defendant on probation under this section, it may order
             298      the defendant to participate in home confinement through the use of electronic monitoring as
             299      described in this section until further order of the court.
             300          (b) The electronic monitoring shall alert the department and the appropriate law
             301      enforcement unit of the defendant's whereabouts.
             302          (c) The electronic monitoring device shall be used under conditions which require:
             303          (i) the defendant to wear an electronic monitoring device at all times; and
             304          (ii) that a device be placed in the home of the defendant, so that the defendant's
             305      compliance with the court's order may be monitored.
             306          (d) If a court orders a defendant to participate in home confinement through electronic

             307      monitoring as a condition of probation under this section, it shall:
             308          (i) place the defendant on probation under the supervision of the Department of
             309      Corrections;
             310          (ii) order the department to place an electronic monitoring device on the defendant and
             311      install electronic monitoring equipment in the residence of the defendant; and
             312          (iii) order the defendant to pay the costs associated with home confinement to the
             313      department or the program provider.
             314          (e) The department shall pay the costs of home confinement through electronic
             315      monitoring only for those persons who have been determined to be indigent by the court.
             316          (f) The department may provide the electronic monitoring described in this section
             317      either directly or by contract with a private provider.
             318          Section 4. Repealer.
             319          This bill repeals:
             320          Section 76-3-404, Presentence investigation and diagnostic evaluation --
             321      Commitment of defendant -- Sentencing procedure.

Legislative Review Note
    as of 3-3-09 3:36 PM

Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel

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