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H.B. 379

             1     

ENVIRONMENTAL LITIGATION BOND

             2     
2009 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Chief Sponsor: Michael E. Noel

             5     
Senate Sponsor: Stephen H. Urquhart

             6     
             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill requires a plaintiff requesting a preliminary injunction or an administrative
             10      stay to post a bond.
             11      Highlighted Provisions:
             12          This bill:
             13          .    requires a plaintiff to post a bond before receiving a preliminary injunction or
             14      administrative stay;
             15          .    requires an unsuccessful plaintiff to pay damages to defendants who are harmed by
             16      a preliminary injunction or administrative stay; and
             17          .    provides for an immediate appeal of a court's or agency's refusal to require the bond.
             18      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             19          None
             20      Other Special Clauses:
             21          None
             22      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             23      ENACTS:
             24          78B-5-828, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             25     
             26      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             27          Section 1. Section 78B-5-828 is enacted to read:


             28          78B-5-828. Bond required in an environmental action.
             29          (1) As used in this section:
             30          (a) "Administrative stay" means a stay or other temporary remedy issued by an agency
             31      under Section 63G-4-405 .
             32          (b) "Environmental action" means a cause of action that:
             33          (i) is filed on or after May 12, 2009; and
             34          (ii) seeks judicial review of a final agency action to issue a permit by:
             35          (A) the Department of Environmental Quality;
             36          (B) the Department of Natural Resources;
             37          (C) the Department of Transportation; or
             38          (D) the School and Institutional Trust Lands Administration.
             39          (c) "Ultimately prevail on the merits" means in the final judgment, the court rules in
             40      the plaintiff's favor on at least one cause of action.
             41          (2) A plaintiff who obtains a preliminary injunction or administrative stay in an
             42      environmental action, but does not ultimately prevail on the merits of the environmental action,
             43      is liable for damages sustained by any defendant who:
             44          (a) opposed the preliminary injunction or administrative stay; and
             45          (b) was harmed by the preliminary injunction.
             46          (3) A court may not issue a preliminary injunction and an agency may not grant an
             47      administrative stay in an environmental action until the plaintiff posts with the court or the
             48      agency a surety bond or cash equivalent:
             49          (a) in an amount the court or agency considers sufficient to compensate each defendant
             50      opposing the preliminary injunction or administrative stay for damages that each defendant
             51      may sustain as a result of the preliminary injunction or administrative stay;
             52          (b) written by a surety licensed to do business in the state; and
             53          (c) payable to each defendant opposing the preliminary injunction or administrative
             54      stay in the event the plaintiff does not prevail on the merits of the environmental action.
             55          (4) If there is more than one plaintiff, the court or agency shall establish the amount of
             56      the bond required by Subsection (3) for each plaintiff in a fair and equitable manner.
             57          (5) (a) If the plaintiff does not ultimately prevail on the merits of the environmental
             58      action, the court shall execute the bond and award damages to each defendant who:


             59          (i) opposed the preliminary injunction or administrative stay; and
             60          (ii) was harmed as a result of its issuance.
             61          (b) If the amount of money secured by the surety bond or cash equivalent:
             62          (i) exceeds the damages awarded, the court or agency shall return the excess to the
             63      plaintiff; and
             64          (ii) is less than the damages awarded, the court or agency shall order the plaintiff to pay
             65      the remaining damages.
             66          (6) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a court's or agency's refusal to require
             67      the posting of a surety bond or cash equivalent as required by this section is subject to
             68      immediate appeal.




Legislative Review Note
    as of 2-23-09 6:13 AM


Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel


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