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H.B. 90

             1     

CRIMINAL HOMICIDE ABORTION

             2     
2009 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Chief Sponsor: Paul Ray

             5     
Senate Sponsor: ____________

             6     
             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill amends the Utah Criminal Code by enacting the second degree felony of
             10      "criminal homicide abortion."
             11      Highlighted Provisions:
             12          This bill:
             13          .    includes "criminal homicide abortion" as "criminal homicide";
             14          .    describes the elements of criminal homicide abortion;
             15          .    provides that a person is not guilty of criminal homicide abortion if the abortion
             16      performed by the person is:
             17              .    necessary to avert the death of the woman on whom the abortion is performed;
             18              .    necessary to avert a serious risk of substantial and irreversible impairment of a
             19      major bodily function of the woman on whom the abortion is performed; or
             20              .    performed on an unborn child who has a naturally occurring medical condition
             21      that makes it highly unlikely that the unborn child will survive more than 24
             22      hours after birth, if there is not a medically acceptable intervention or procedure
             23      that: may be performed before or after the child's birth, may be performed
             24      without risk to the mother's health, and has a reasonable chance of extending the
             25      child's life beyond 24 hours;
             26          .    provides that a woman who seeks to have, or obtains, an abortion for herself is not
             27      criminally liable under this bill;


             28          .    makes criminal homicide abortion a second degree felony; and
             29          .    makes technical changes.
             30      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             31          None
             32      Other Special Clauses:
             33          None
             34      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             35      AMENDS:
             36          76-5-201, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2002, Chapter 327
             37          76-7-314, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2004, Chapter 272
             38          76-7-329, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2004, Chapter 272
             39      ENACTS:
             40          76-7-314.5, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             41     
             42      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             43          Section 1. Section 76-5-201 is amended to read:
             44           76-5-201. Criminal homicide -- Elements -- Designations of offenses.
             45          (1) (a) A person commits criminal homicide if he intentionally, knowingly, recklessly,
             46      with criminal negligence, or acting with a mental state otherwise specified in the statute
             47      defining the offense, causes the death of another human being, including an unborn child at any
             48      stage of its development.
             49          (b) There shall be no cause of action for criminal homicide for the death of an unborn
             50      child caused by an abortion, unless the abortion constitutes criminal homicide abortion under
             51      Section 76-7-314.5 .
             52          (2) Criminal homicide is aggravated murder, murder, manslaughter, child abuse
             53      homicide, criminal homicide abortion, homicide by assault, negligent homicide, or automobile
             54      homicide.
             55          Section 2. Section 76-7-314 is amended to read:
             56           76-7-314. Violations of abortion laws -- Classifications.
             57          (1) (a) Any person who intentionally performs an abortion other than as authorized by
             58      this part is guilty of a felony of the third degree.


             59          (b) (i) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a woman who seeks to have or
             60      obtains an abortion for herself is not criminally liable.
             61          (ii) A woman upon whom a partial birth abortion is performed may not be prosecuted
             62      under Section 76-7-314.5 , 76-7-326 , or 76-7-329 for a conspiracy to violate Section
             63      76-7-314.5 , 76-7-326 , or 76-7-329 .
             64          (2) A willful violation of Section 76-7-307 , 76-7-308 , 76-7-310 , 76-7-310.5 , 76-7-311 ,
             65      or 76-7-312 is a felony of the third degree.
             66          (3) A violation of Section 76-7-326 or 76-7-329 is a felony of the third degree.
             67          (4) A violation of any other provision of this part is a class A misdemeanor.
             68          (5) The provisions and penalties of Section 76-7-314.5 supercede any conflicting
             69      provisions or penalties of this section.
             70          Section 3. Section 76-7-314.5 is enacted to read:
             71          76-7-314.5. Criminal homicide abortion.
             72          (1) Except as provided in Subsection (2), a person is guilty of criminal homicide
             73      abortion if the person causes the death of an unborn child by intentionally performing an
             74      abortion of the unborn child after the unborn child is viable to survive outside the womb.
             75          (2) It is not a violation of this section if the abortion is:
             76          (a) necessary to avert:
             77          (i) the death of the woman on whom the abortion is performed; or
             78          (ii) a serious risk of substantial and irreversible impairment of a major bodily function
             79      of the woman on whom the abortion is performed; or
             80          (b) (i) performed on an unborn child who has a naturally occurring medical condition
             81      that makes it highly unlikely that the unborn child will survive more than 24 hours after birth;
             82      and
             83          (ii) there is not a medically acceptable intervention or procedure that:
             84          (A) may be performed before or after the child's birth;
             85          (B) may be performed without risk to the health of the woman on whom the abortion is
             86      performed; and
             87          (C) has a reasonable chance of extending the child's life beyond 24 hours.
             88          (3) Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, a woman who seeks to have, or
             89      obtains, an abortion for herself is not criminally liable.


             90          (4) Criminal homicide abortion is a second degree felony.
             91          Section 4. Section 76-7-329 is amended to read:
             92           76-7-329. Person unauthorized to perform abortions -- Penalties.
             93          A person who is not legally authorized by the state to perform abortions, but who
             94      nevertheless directly performs a partial birth abortion, is subject to Sections 76-7-301 ,
             95      76-7-314 , 76-7-314.5 , 76-7-326 , and 76-7-327 .




Legislative Review Note
    as of 1-5-09 5:10 PM


Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel


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