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7 LONG TITLE
8 General Description:
9 This bill amends the Truth in Advertising Act.
10 Highlighted Provisions:
11 This bill:
12 . prohibits a person from advertising that a good or service will not be sold to a
13 certain age group and then selling the good or service to that age group; and
14 . makes technical corrections.
15 Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
17 Other Special Clauses:
19 Utah Code Sections Affected:
21 13-11a-3, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapters 138 and 306
23 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
24 Section 1. Section 13-11a-3 is amended to read:
25 13-11a-3. Deceptive trade practices enumerated -- Records to be kept -- Defenses.
26 (1) Deceptive trade practices occur when, in the course of a person's business,
27 vocation, or occupation that person:
28 (a) passes off goods or services as those of another;
29 (b) causes likelihood of confusion or of misunderstanding as to the source,
30 sponsorship, approval, or certification of goods or services;
31 (c) causes likelihood of confusion or of misunderstanding as to affiliation, connection,
32 association with, or certification by another;
33 (d) uses deceptive representations or designations of geographic origin in connection
34 with goods or services;
35 (e) represents that goods or services have sponsorship, approval, characteristics,
36 ingredients, uses, benefits, or qualities that they do not have or that a person has a sponsorship,
37 approval, status, affiliation, or connection that the person does not have;
38 (f) represents that goods are original or new if they are deteriorated, altered,
39 reconditioned, reclaimed, used, or second-hand;
40 (g) represents that goods or services are of a particular standard, quality, or grade, or
41 that goods are of a particular style or model, if they are of another;
42 (h) disparages the goods, services, or business of another by false or misleading
43 representation of fact;
44 (i) advertises goods or services or the price of goods and services with intent not to sell
45 them as advertised;
46 (j) advertises goods or services with intent not to supply a reasonable expectable public
47 demand, unless:
48 (i) the advertisement clearly and conspicuously discloses a limitation of quantity; or
49 (ii) the person issues rainchecks for the advertised goods or services;
50 (k) makes false or misleading statements of fact concerning the reasons for, existence
51 of, or amounts of price reductions;
52 (l) makes a comparison between the person's own sale or discount price and a
53 competitor's nondiscounted price without clearly and conspicuously disclosing that fact;
54 (m) without clearly and conspicuously disclosing the date of the price assessment
55 makes a price comparison with the goods of another based upon a price assessment performed
56 more than seven days prior to the date of the advertisement or uses in an advertisement the
57 results of a price assessment performed more than seven days prior to the date of the
58 advertisement without disclosing, in a print ad, the date of the price assessment, or in a radio or
59 television ad, the time frame of the price assessment;
60 (n) advertises or uses in a price assessment or comparison a price that is not that
61 person's own unless this fact is:
62 (i) clearly and conspicuously disclosed; and
63 (ii) the representation of the price is accurate;
64 (o) represents as independent an audit, accounting, price assessment, or comparison of
65 prices of goods or services, when the audit, accounting, price assessment, or comparison is not
67 (p) represents, in an advertisement of a reduction from the supplier's own prices, that
68 the reduction is from a regular price, when the former price is not a regular price as defined in
69 Subsection 13-11a-2 (12);
70 (q) advertises a price comparison or the result of a price assessment or comparison that
71 uses, in any way, an identified competitor's price without clearly and conspicuously disclosing
72 the identity of the price assessor and any relationship between the price assessor and the
74 (r) makes a price comparison between a category of the supplier's goods and the same
75 category of the goods of another, without randomly selecting the individual goods or services
76 upon whose prices the comparison is based;
77 (s) makes a comparison between similar but nonidentical goods or services unless the
78 nonidentical goods or services are of essentially similar quality to the advertised goods or
79 services or the dissimilar aspects are clearly and conspicuously disclosed in the advertisements;
81 (t) engages in any other conduct which similarly creates a likelihood of confusion or of
83 (u) (i) advertises that the person will not sell a good or service labeled with an age
84 restriction or recommendation to a person under the age restriction or recommendation; and
85 (ii) sells that good or service to a person under the age restriction or recommendation.
86 (2) (a) For purposes of Subsection (1)(i), if a specific advertised price will be in effect
87 for less than one week from the advertisement date, the advertisement must clearly and
88 conspicuously disclose the specific time period during which the price will be in effect.
89 (b) For purposes of Subsection (1)(n), with respect to the price of a competitor, the
90 price must be one at which the competitor offered the goods or services for sale in the product
91 area at the time of the price assessment, and must not be an isolated price.
92 (c) For purposes of Subsection (1)(o), an audit, accounting, price assessment, or
93 comparison shall be independent if the price assessor randomly selects the goods to be
94 compared, and the time and place of the comparison, and no agreement or understanding exists
95 between the supplier and the price assessor that could cause the results of the assessment to be
96 fraudulent or deceptive. The independence of an audit, accounting, or price comparison is not
97 invalidated merely because the advertiser pays a fee for the audit, accounting, or price
98 comparison, but is invalidated if the audit, accounting, or price comparison is done by a full or
99 part-time employee of the advertiser.
100 (d) Examples of a disclosure that complies with Subsection (1)(q) are:
101 (i) "Price assessment performed by Store Z";
102 (ii) "Price assessment performed by a certified public accounting firm"; or
103 (iii) "Price assessment performed by employee of Store Y".
104 (e) For the purposes of Subsection (1)(r), goods or services are randomly selected when
105 the supplier has no advance knowledge of what goods and services will be surveyed by the
106 price assessor, and when the supplier certifies its lack of advance knowledge by an affidavit to
107 be retained in the supplier's records for one year.
108 (f) (i) It is prima facie evidence of compliance with Subsection (1)(s) if:
109 (A) the goods compared are substantially the same size; and
110 (B) the goods compared are of substantially the same quality, which may include
111 similar models of competing brands of goods, or goods made of substantially the same
112 materials and made with substantially the same workmanship.
113 (ii) It is prima facie evidence of a deceptive comparison under this section when the
114 prices of brand name goods and generic goods are compared.
115 (3) Any supplier who makes a comparison with a competitor's price in advertising shall
116 maintain for a period of one year records that disclose the factual basis for such price
117 comparisons and from which the validity of such claim can be established.
118 (4) It is a defense to any claim of false or deceptive price representations under this
119 chapter that a person:
120 (a) has no knowledge that the represented price is not genuine; and
121 (b) has made reasonable efforts to determine whether the represented price is genuine.
122 (5) Subsections (1)(m) and (q) do not apply to price comparisons made in catalogs in
123 which a supplier compares the price of a single item of its goods or services with those of
125 (6) To prevail in an action under this chapter, a complainant need not prove
126 competition between the parties or actual confusion or misunderstanding.
127 (7) This chapter does not affect unfair trade practices otherwise actionable at common
128 law or under other statutes of this state.
Legislative Review Note
as of 1-26-09 12:43 PM