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S.B. 133 Enrolled






Chief Sponsor: John L. Valentine

House Sponsor: Stephen E. Sandstrom

             8      LONG TITLE
             9      General Description:
             10          This bill amends the Utah Criminal Code relating to Abuse or Neglect of a Disabled
             11      Child.
             12      Highlighted Provisions:
             13          This bill:
             14          .    provides that a caretaker who intentionally, knowingly, or recklessly abuses or
             15      neglects a disabled child is guilty of a third degree felony.
             16      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             17          None
             18      Other Special Clauses:
             19          None
             20      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             21      AMENDS:
             22          76-5-110, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             24      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             25          Section 1. Section 76-5-110 is amended to read:
             26           76-5-110. Abuse or neglect of disabled child.
             27          (1) As used in this section:
             28          (a) "Abuse" means:
             29          (i) inflicting physical injury, as that term is defined in Section 76-5-109 ;

             30          (ii) having the care or custody of a disabled child, causing or permitting another to
             31      inflict physical injury, as that term is defined in Section 76-5-109 ; or
             32          (iii) unreasonable confinement.
             33          (b) "Caretaker" means:
             34          (i) any parent, legal guardian, or other person having under that person's care and
             35      custody a disabled child; or
             36          (ii) any person, corporation, or public institution that has assumed by contract or court
             37      order the responsibility to provide food, shelter, clothing, medical, and other necessities to a
             38      disabled child.
             39          (c) "Disabled child" means any person under 18 years of age who is impaired because
             40      of mental illness, mental deficiency, physical illness or disability, or other cause, to the extent
             41      that the person is unable to care for the person's own personal safety or to provide necessities
             42      such as food, shelter, clothing, and medical care.
             43          (d) "Neglect" means failure by a caretaker to provide care, nutrition, clothing, shelter,
             44      supervision, or medical care.
             45          (2) Any caretaker who intentionally, knowingly, or recklessly abuses or neglects a
             46      disabled child is guilty of a third degree felony.
             47          (3) (a) A parent or legal guardian who provides a child with treatment by spiritual
             48      means alone through prayer, in lieu of medical treatment, in accordance with the tenets and
             49      practices of an established church or religious denomination of which the parent or legal
             50      guardian is a member or adherent shall not, for that reason alone, be considered to be in
             51      violation under this section.
             52          (b) Subject to Subsection 78A-6-117 (2)(n)(iii), the exception under Subsection (3)(a)
             53      does not preclude a court from ordering medical services from a physician licensed to engage
             54      in the practice of medicine to be provided to the child where there is substantial risk of harm
             55      to the child's health or welfare if the treatment is not provided.
             56          (c) A caretaker of a disabled child does not violate this section by selecting a treatment
             57      option for a disabled child's medical condition, if the treatment option is one that a reasonable

             58      caretaker would believe to be in the best interest of the disabled child.

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