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S.B. 78 Enrolled

             1     

PROTECTION OF CONSTITUTIONALLY

             2     
GUARANTEED ACTIVITIES IN CERTAIN

             3     
PRIVATE VENUES

             4     
2009 GENERAL SESSION

             5     
STATE OF UTAH

             6     
Chief Sponsor: Mark B. Madsen

             7     
House Sponsor: Curtis Oda

             8      Cosponsors:
             9      Curtis S. Bramble
             10      D. Chris Buttars
             11      Allen M. Christensen
             12      Margaret Dayton
             13      Jon J. Greiner
             14      David P. HinkinsScott K. Jenkins
Sheldon L. Killpack
Peter C. Knudson
Daniel R. Liljenquist
Wayne L. Niederhauser
Ralph OkerlundHoward A. Stephenson
Dennis E. Stowell
Stephen H. Urquhart
John L. Valentine
Kevin T. Van Tassell
Michael G. Waddoups              15     
             16      LONG TITLE
             17      General Description:
             18          This bill modifies Title 34, Labor in General, by enacting Title 34, Chapter 45,
             19      Protection of Activities in Private Vehicles.
             20      Highlighted Provisions:
             21          This bill:
             22          .    provides definitions;
             23          .    prohibits certain persons from creating or enforcing a policy that prohibits the
             24      storage of firearms in a motor vehicle parked on property owned, leased, or
             25      otherwise controlled by the person if:
             26              .    the individual storing the firearm is legally entitled to possess and transport the
             27      firearm;
             28              .    the vehicle is locked, or the firearm is in a locked container; and
             29              .    the firearm is not in plain view;
             30          .    provides exceptions for persons with secured lots under certain circumstances;


             31          .    prohibits certain persons from creating or enforcing a policy that prohibits the
             32      display or possession of items in or on a vehicle parked on property owned, leased,
             33      or otherwise controlled by the person if the policy results in a substantial burden on
             34      the free exercise of religion;
             35          .    provides protections from civil liability in relation to occurrences that result from,
             36      are connected with, or are incidental to the use of a firearm that is properly stored
             37      or transported in a motor vehicle in association with this chapter;
             38          .    permits an individual to bring a civil action to enforce the requirements of this
             39      chapter;
             40          .    permits a court to grant injunctive relief, declaratory relief, damages, costs, and
             41      attorney fees in association with a suit brought to enforce the requirements of this
             42      chapter;
             43          .    provides exceptions;
             44          .    permits the attorney general to bring an action to enforce the chapter and to request
             45      damages on behalf of any individual that has suffered loss due to a violation of this
             46      chapter;
             47          .    makes certain documents filed with the attorney general private records; and
             48          .    makes technical changes.
             49      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             50          None
             51      Other Special Clauses:
             52          None
             53      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             54      AMENDS:
             55          63G-2-302, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 91 and renumbered and
             56      amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 382
             57      ENACTS:
             58          34-45-101, Utah Code Annotated 1953


             59          34-45-102, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             60          34-45-103, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             61          34-45-104, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             62          34-45-105, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             63          34-45-106, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             64          34-45-107, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             65     
             66      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             67          Section 1. Section 34-45-101 is enacted to read:
             68     
CHAPTER 45. PROTECTION OF ACTIVITIES IN PRIVATE VEHICLES

             69          34-45-101. Title.
             70          This chapter is known as "Protection of Activities in Private Vehicles."
             71          Section 2. Section 34-45-102 is enacted to read:
             72          34-45-102. Definitions.
             73          As used in this chapter:
             74          (1) "Firearm" has the same meaning as provided in Section 76-10-501 .
             75          (2) "Motor vehicle" has the same meaning as provided in Section 41-1a-102 .
             76          (3) "Person" means an individual, property owner, landlord, tenant, employer,
             77      business entity, or other legal entity.
             78          Section 3. Section 34-45-103 is enacted to read:
             79          34-45-103. Protection of certain activities -- Firearms -- Free exercise of religion.
             80          (1) Except as provided in Subsection (2), a person may not establish, maintain, or
             81      enforce any policy or rule that has the effect of:
             82          (a) prohibiting any individual from transporting or storing a firearm in a motor vehicle
             83      on any property designated for motor vehicle parking, if:
             84          (i) the individual is legally permitted to transport, possess, purchase, receive, transfer,
             85      or store the firearm;
             86          (ii) the firearm is locked securely in the motor vehicle or in a locked container


             87      attached to the motor vehicle while the motor vehicle is not occupied; and
             88          (iii) the firearm is not in plain view from the outside of the motor vehicle; or
             89          (b) prohibiting any individual from possessing any item in or on a motor vehicle on
             90      any property designated for motor vehicle parking, if the effect of the policy or rule constitutes
             91      a substantial burden on that individual's free exercise of religion.
             92          (2) A person may establish, maintain, or enforce a policy or rule that has the effect of
             93      placing limitations on or prohibiting an individual from transporting or storing a firearm in a
             94      motor vehicle on property the person has designated for motor vehicle parking if:
             95          (a) the person provides, or there is otherwise available, one of the following, in a
             96      location reasonably proximate to the property the person has designated for motor vehicle
             97      parking:
             98          (i) alternative parking for individuals who desire to transport, possess, receive,
             99      transfer, or store a firearm in the individual's motor vehicle at no additional cost to the
             100      individual; or
             101          (ii) a secured and monitored storage location where the individual may securely store a
             102      firearm before proceeding with the vehicle into the secured parking area; or
             103          (b) the person complies with Subsection 34-45-107 (5).
             104          Section 4. Section 34-45-104 is enacted to read:
             105          34-45-104. Protection from liability.
             106          A person that owns or controls a parking area that is subject to this chapter and that
             107      complies with the requirements of Section 34-45-103 is not liable in any civil action for any
             108      occurrence resulting from, connected with, or incidental to the use of a firearm, by any person,
             109      unless the use of the firearm involves a criminal act by the person who owns or controls the
             110      parking area.
             111          Section 5. Section 34-45-105 is enacted to read:
             112          34-45-105. Cause of action for noncompliance -- Remedies.
             113          (1) An individual who is injured, physically or otherwise, as a result of any policy or
             114      rule prohibited by Section 34-45-103 , may bring a civil action in a court of competent


             115      jurisdiction against any person that violates the provisions of Section 34-45-103 .
             116          (2) Any individual who asserts a claim under this section is entitled to request:
             117          (a) declaratory relief;
             118          (b) temporary or permanent injunctive relief to prevent the threatened or continued
             119      violation;
             120          (c) recovery for actual damages sustained; and
             121          (d) punitive damages, if:
             122          (i) serious bodily injury or death occurs as a result of the violation of Section
             123      34-45-103 ; or
             124          (ii) the person who violates Section 34-45-103 has previously been notified by the
             125      attorney general that a policy or rule violates Section 34-45-103 .
             126          (3) The prevailing party in an action brought under this chapter may recover its court
             127      costs and reasonable attorney fees incurred.
             128          (4) Nothing in this chapter shall be construed or held to affect any rights or claims
             129      made in relation to Title 34A, Chapter 2, Workers' Compensation Act.
             130          Section 6. Section 34-45-106 is enacted to read:
             131          34-45-106. Enforcement by attorney general.
             132          (1) The attorney general may bring an action to enforce this chapter and may request
             133      any relief that is provided for under Section 34-45-105 , including a request for damages on
             134      behalf of any individual suffering loss because of a violation of this chapter.
             135          (2) Upon entry of final judgment for a cause of action brought under this section, the
             136      court may award restitution, when appropriate, to any individual suffering loss because of a
             137      violation of this chapter if proof of loss is submitted to the satisfaction of the court.
             138          Section 7. Section 34-45-107 is enacted to read:
             139          34-45-107. Exemptions -- Limitations on chapter -- School premises --
             140      Government entities -- Religious organizations -- Single family detached residential
             141      units.
             142          (1) (a) School premises, as defined in Subsection 76-3-203.2 (1), are exempt from the


             143      provisions of this chapter.
             144          (b) Possession of a firearm on or about school premises is subject to the provisions of
             145      Section 76-10-505.5 .
             146          (2) Government entities, including a local authority or state entity, are subject to the
             147      requirements of Title 53, Chapter 5a, Firearm Laws, but are otherwise exempt from the
             148      provisions of this chapter.
             149          (3) Religious organizations, including religious organizations acting as an employer,
             150      are exempt from, and are not subject to the provisions of this chapter.
             151          (4) Owner-occupied single family detached residential units and tenant-occupied
             152      single family detached residential units are exempt from the provisions of this chapter.
             153          (5) A person who is subject to federal law that specifically forbids the presence of a
             154      firearm from property designated for motor vehicle parking, or a person who is subject to
             155      Section 550 of the United States Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act of
             156      2007, Pub. L. No. 109-295 or regulations enacted in accordance with that section, is exempt
             157      from Section 34-45-103 if:
             158          (a) providing alternative parking or a storage location under Subsection
             159      34-45-103 (2)(a) would pose an undue burden on the person; and
             160          (b) the person files a statement with the attorney general citing the federal law that
             161      forbids the presence of a firearm and detailing the reasons why providing alternative parking
             162      or a storage location poses an undue burden.
             163          (6) A person who is subject to Section 550 of the United States Department of
             164      Homeland Security Appropriations Act of 2007, Pub. L. No. 109-295 or regulations enacted in
             165      accordance with that section is exempt from this chapter if:
             166          (a) the person has attempted to provide alternative parking or a storage location in
             167      accordance with Subsection 34-45-103 (2)(a);
             168          (b) the secretary of the federal Department of Homeland Security notifies the person
             169      that the provision of alternative parking or a storage location causes the person to be out of
             170      compliance with Section 550 of the United States Department of Homeland Security


             171      Appropriations Act of 2007, Pub. L. No. 109-295 or regulations enacted in accordance with
             172      that section and the person may be subject to punitive measures; and
             173          (c) the person files a detailed statement with the attorney general notifying the attorney
             174      general of the facts under Subsections (6)(a) and (b).
             175          Section 8. Section 63G-2-302 is amended to read:
             176           63G-2-302. Private records.
             177          (1) The following records are private:
             178          (a) records concerning an individual's eligibility for unemployment insurance benefits,
             179      social services, welfare benefits, or the determination of benefit levels;
             180          (b) records containing data on individuals describing medical history, diagnosis,
             181      condition, treatment, evaluation, or similar medical data;
             182          (c) records of publicly funded libraries that when examined alone or with other records
             183      identify a patron;
             184          (d) records received or generated for a Senate or House Ethics Committee concerning
             185      any alleged violation of the rules on legislative ethics, prior to the meeting, and after the
             186      meeting, if the ethics committee meeting was closed to the public;
             187          (e) records received or generated for a Senate confirmation committee concerning
             188      character, professional competence, or physical or mental health of an individual:
             189          (i) if prior to the meeting, the chair of the committee determines release of the records:
             190          (A) reasonably could be expected to interfere with the investigation undertaken by the
             191      committee; or
             192          (B) would create a danger of depriving a person of a right to a fair proceeding or
             193      impartial hearing; and
             194          (ii) after the meeting, if the meeting was closed to the public;
             195          (f) employment records concerning a current or former employee of, or applicant for
             196      employment with, a governmental entity that would disclose that individual's home address,
             197      home telephone number, Social Security number, insurance coverage, marital status, or payroll
             198      deductions;


             199          (g) records or parts of records under Section 63G-2-303 that a current or former
             200      employee identifies as private according to the requirements of that section;
             201          (h) that part of a record indicating a person's Social Security number or federal
             202      employer identification number if provided under Section 31A-23a-104 , 31A-25-202 ,
             203      31A-26-202 , 58-1-301 , 61-1-4 , or 61-2-6 ;
             204          (i) that part of a voter registration record identifying a voter's driver license or
             205      identification card number, Social Security number, or last four digits of the Social Security
             206      number;
             207          (j) a record that:
             208          (i) contains information about an individual;
             209          (ii) is voluntarily provided by the individual; and
             210          (iii) goes into an electronic database that:
             211          (A) is designated by and administered under the authority of the Chief Information
             212      Officer; and
             213          (B) acts as a repository of information about the individual that can be electronically
             214      retrieved and used to facilitate the individual's online interaction with a state agency;
             215          (k) information provided to the Commissioner of Insurance under:
             216          (i) Subsection 31A-23a-115 (2)(a); or
             217          (ii) Subsection 31A-23a-302 (3); [and]
             218          (l) information obtained through a criminal background check under Title 11, Chapter
             219      40, Criminal Background Checks by Political Subdivisions Operating Water Systems[.]; and
             220          (m) a statement and any supporting documentation filed with the attorney general in
             221      accordance with Section 34-45-107 , if the federal law or action supporting the filing involves
             222      homeland security.
             223          (2) The following records are private if properly classified by a governmental entity:
             224          (a) records concerning a current or former employee of, or applicant for employment
             225      with a governmental entity, including performance evaluations and personal status information
             226      such as race, religion, or disabilities, but not including records that are public under


             227      Subsection 63G-2-301 (2)(b) or 63G-2-301 (3)(o), or private under Subsection (1)(b);
             228          (b) records describing an individual's finances, except that the following are public:
             229          (i) records described in Subsection 63G-2-301 (2);
             230          (ii) information provided to the governmental entity for the purpose of complying with
             231      a financial assurance requirement; or
             232          (iii) records that must be disclosed in accordance with another statute;
             233          (c) records of independent state agencies if the disclosure of those records would
             234      conflict with the fiduciary obligations of the agency;
             235          (d) other records containing data on individuals the disclosure of which constitutes a
             236      clearly unwarranted invasion of personal privacy;
             237          (e) records provided by the United States or by a government entity outside the state
             238      that are given with the requirement that the records be managed as private records, if the
             239      providing entity states in writing that the record would not be subject to public disclosure if
             240      retained by it; and
             241          (f) any portion of a record in the custody of the Division of Aging and Adult Services,
             242      created in Section 62A-3-102 , that may disclose, or lead to the discovery of, the identity of a
             243      person who made a report of alleged abuse, neglect, or exploitation of a vulnerable adult.
             244          (3) (a) As used in this Subsection (3), "medical records" means medical reports,
             245      records, statements, history, diagnosis, condition, treatment, and evaluation.
             246          (b) Medical records in the possession of the University of Utah Hospital, its clinics,
             247      doctors, or affiliated entities are not private records or controlled records under Section
             248      63G-2-304 when the records are sought:
             249          (i) in connection with any legal or administrative proceeding in which the patient's
             250      physical, mental, or emotional condition is an element of any claim or defense; or
             251          (ii) after a patient's death, in any legal or administrative proceeding in which any party
             252      relies upon the condition as an element of the claim or defense.
             253          (c) Medical records are subject to production in a legal or administrative proceeding
             254      according to state or federal statutes or rules of procedure and evidence as if the medical


             255      records were in the possession of a nongovernmental medical care provider.


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