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S.B. 190

             1     

ACQUISITION OF A BILLBOARD BY

             2     
EMINENT DOMAIN

             3     
2009 GENERAL SESSION

             4     
STATE OF UTAH

             5     
Chief Sponsor: Wayne L. Niederhauser

             6     
House Sponsor: Craig A. Frank

             7     
             8      LONG TITLE
             9      General Description:
             10          This bill modifies provisions relating to county and municipal acquisition of a billboard
             11      by eminent domain.
             12      Highlighted Provisions:
             13          This bill:
             14          .    modifies a provision relating to the authority of a billboard owner who is
             15      structurally modifying, upgrading, or relocating a billboard;
             16          .    provides that a county or municipality is considered to have initiated the acquisition
             17      of a billboard structure if the county or municipality prevents a billboard owner
             18      from making modifications, as the billboard owner determines, to a billboard that is
             19      modified, upgraded, or relocated;
             20          .    requires counties and municipalities considered to have initiated the acquisition of a
             21      billboard by eminent domain to pay just compensation; and
             22          .    defines the just compensation that counties and municipalities are required to pay.
             23      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             24          None
             25      Other Special Clauses:
             26          None
             27      Utah Code Sections Affected:


             28      AMENDS:
             29          10-9a-513, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 171
             30          17-27a-512, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 171
             31     
             32      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             33          Section 1. Section 10-9a-513 is amended to read:
             34           10-9a-513. Municipality's acquisition of billboard by eminent domain -- Removal
             35      without providing compensation -- Limit on allowing nonconforming billboards to be
             36      rebuilt.
             37          (1) (a) A municipality is considered to have initiated the acquisition of a billboard
             38      structure by eminent domain if the municipality prevents a billboard owner from:
             39          (i) rebuilding, maintaining, repairing, or restoring a billboard structure that is damaged
             40      by casualty, an act of God, or vandalism;
             41          (ii) except as provided in Subsection (1)(c), relocating or rebuilding a billboard
             42      structure, or taking other measures, to correct a mistake in the placement or erection of a
             43      billboard for which the municipality has issued a permit, if the proposed relocation, rebuilding,
             44      or other measure is consistent with the intent of that permit;
             45          (iii) structurally modifying or upgrading a billboard; [or]
             46          (iv) relocating a billboard into any commercial, industrial, or manufacturing zone
             47      within the municipality's boundaries, if:
             48          (A) the relocated billboard is:
             49          [(A)] (I) within 2,640 feet of its previous location; and
             50          [(B)] (II) no closer than 500 feet from an off-premise sign existing on the same side of
             51      the street or highway; and
             52          [(C)] (B) (I) the billboard owner has submitted a written request under Subsection
             53      10-9a-511 (3)(c); and
             54          (II) the municipality and billboard owner are unable to agree, within the time provided
             55      in Subsection 10-9a-511 (3)(c), to a mutually acceptable location[.]; or
             56          [(b) A] (v) making the following modifications, as the billboard owner determines, to
             57      a billboard that is structurally [modifying or upgrading a billboard] modified or upgraded under
             58      Subsection (1)(a)(iii) or [relocating the billboard] relocated under Subsection (1)(a)(iv):


             59          [(i) may, as the owner determines:]
             60          (A) [erect] erecting the billboard:
             61          (I) to a height that is at least the same as, but no higher than, the previous use or
             62      structure, unless the municipality's ordinances allow or the municipality consents to a higher
             63      structure; and
             64          (II) to a height and angle to make it clearly visible to traffic on the main traveled way
             65      of the street or highway on which the billboard is located; and
             66          (B) [install] installing a sign face on the billboard that is at least the same size as, but
             67      no larger than, the sign face on the billboard before its relocation[; and].
             68          [(ii)] (b) A modification under Subsection (1)(a)(v) shall comply with Title 72, Chapter
             69      7, Part 5, Utah Outdoor Advertising Act, to the extent applicable.
             70          (c) A municipality's denial of a billboard owner's request to relocate or rebuild a
             71      billboard structure, or to take other measures, in order to correct a mistake in the placement or
             72      erection of a billboard does not constitute the initiation of acquisition by eminent domain under
             73      Subsection (1)(a) if the mistake in placement or erection of the billboard is determined by clear
             74      and convincing evidence to have resulted from an intentionally false or misleading statement:
             75          (i) by the billboard applicant in the application; and
             76          (ii) regarding the placement or erection of the billboard.
             77          (d) (i) If a municipality is considered to have initiated the acquisition of a billboard
             78      structure by eminent domain under Subsection (1)(a) or any other provision of applicable law,
             79      the municipality shall pay just compensation for outdoor advertising and all associated property
             80      rights pertaining to the outdoor advertising in an amount that is the greater of:
             81          (A) the value of the billboard in its present location; and
             82          (B) the value that the billboard owner projects the billboard to have in the proposed
             83      location for which the owner made application.
             84          (ii) The just compensation that a municipality is required to pay under Subsection
             85      (1)(d)(i) includes:
             86          (A) the consideration of the greater of:
             87          (I) past revenue, less rent expense; and
             88          (II) projected future revenue, less rent expense;
             89          (B) any property right associated with the billboard structure that is acquired;


             90          (C) the cost of the sign structure; and
             91          (D) damage to the economic unit consisting of:
             92          (I) the billboard structure actually taken; and
             93          (II) remaining property, contiguous and not contiguous, to the outdoor advertising sign
             94      company's interest.
             95          (2) Notwithstanding Subsection (1) and Section 10-9a-512 , a municipality may remove
             96      a billboard without providing compensation if:
             97          (a) the municipality determines:
             98          (i) by clear and convincing evidence that the applicant for a permit intentionally made a
             99      false or misleading statement in the applicant's application regarding the placement or erection
             100      of the billboard; or
             101          (ii) by substantial evidence that the billboard:
             102          (A) is structurally unsafe;
             103          (B) is in an unreasonable state of repair; or
             104          (C) has been abandoned for at least 12 months;
             105          (b) the municipality notifies the owner in writing that the owner's billboard meets one
             106      or more of the conditions listed in Subsections (2)(a)(i) and (ii);
             107          (c) the owner fails to remedy the condition or conditions within:
             108          (i) except as provided in Subsection (2)(c)(ii), 90 days following the billboard owner's
             109      receipt of written notice under Subsection (2)(b); or
             110          (ii) if the condition forming the basis of the municipality's intention to remove the
             111      billboard is that it is structurally unsafe, ten business days, or a longer period if necessary
             112      because of a natural disaster, following the billboard owner's receipt of written notice under
             113      Subsection (2)(b); and
             114          (d) following the expiration of the applicable period under Subsection (2)(c) and after
             115      providing the owner with reasonable notice of proceedings and an opportunity for a hearing,
             116      the municipality finds:
             117          (i) by clear and convincing evidence, that the applicant for a permit intentionally made
             118      a false or misleading statement in the application regarding the placement or erection of the
             119      billboard; or
             120          (ii) by substantial evidence that the billboard is structurally unsafe, is in an


             121      unreasonable state of repair, or has been abandoned for at least 12 months.
             122          (3) A municipality may not allow a nonconforming billboard to be rebuilt or replaced
             123      by anyone other than its owner or the owner acting through its contractors.
             124          (4) A permit issued, extended, or renewed by a municipality for a billboard remains
             125      valid from the time the municipality issues, extends, or renews the permit until 180 days after a
             126      required state permit is issued for the billboard if:
             127          (a) the billboard requires a state permit; and
             128          (b) an application for the state permit is filed within 30 days after the municipality
             129      issues, extends, or renews a permit for the billboard.
             130          Section 2. Section 17-27a-512 is amended to read:
             131           17-27a-512. County's acquisition of billboard by eminent domain -- Removal
             132      without providing compensation -- Limit on allowing nonconforming billboard to be
             133      rebuilt.
             134          (1) (a) A county is considered to have initiated the acquisition of a billboard structure
             135      by eminent domain if the county prevents a billboard owner from:
             136          (i) rebuilding, maintaining, repairing, or restoring a billboard structure that is damaged
             137      by casualty, an act of God, or vandalism;
             138          (ii) except as provided in Subsection (1)(c), relocating or rebuilding a billboard
             139      structure, or taking other measures, to correct a mistake in the placement or erection of a
             140      billboard for which the county has issued a permit, if the proposed relocation, rebuilding, or
             141      other measure is consistent with the intent of that permit;
             142          (iii) structurally modifying or upgrading a billboard; [or]
             143          (iv) relocating a billboard into any commercial, industrial, or manufacturing zone
             144      within the unincorporated area of the county, if:
             145          (A) the relocated billboard is:
             146          [(A)] (I) within 2,640 feet of its previous location; and
             147          [(B)] (II) no closer than 500 feet from an off-premise sign existing on the same side of
             148      the street or highway; and
             149          [(C)] (B) (I) the billboard owner has submitted a written request under Subsection
             150      17-27a-510 (3)(c); and
             151          (II) the county and billboard owner are unable to agree, within the time provided in


             152      Subsection 17-27a-510 (3)(c), to a mutually acceptable location[.]; or
             153          [(b) A] (v) making the following modifications, as the billboard owner determines, to
             154      a billboard that is structurally [modifying or upgrading a billboard] modified or upgraded under
             155      Subsection (1)(a)(iii) or [relocating the billboard] relocated under Subsection (1)(a)(iv):
             156          [(i) may, as the owner determines:]
             157          (A) [erect] erecting the billboard:
             158          (I) to a height that is at least the same as, but no higher than, the previous use or
             159      structure, unless the county's ordinances allow or the county consents to a higher structure; and
             160          (II) to a height and angle to make it clearly visible to traffic on the main traveled way
             161      of the street or highway on which the billboard is located; and
             162          (B) [install] installing a sign face on the billboard that is at least the same size as, but
             163      no larger than, the sign face on the billboard before its relocation[; and].
             164          [(ii)] (b) A modification under Subsection (1)(a)(v) shall comply with Title 72, Chapter
             165      7, Part 5, Utah Outdoor Advertising Act, to the extent applicable.
             166          (c) A county's denial of a billboard owner's request to relocate or rebuild a billboard
             167      structure, or to take other measures, in order to correct a mistake in the placement or erection of
             168      a billboard does not constitute the initiation of acquisition by eminent domain under Subsection
             169      (1)(a) if the mistake in placement or erection of the billboard is determined by clear and
             170      convincing evidence to have resulted from an intentionally false or misleading statement:
             171          (i) by the billboard applicant in the application; and
             172          (ii) regarding the placement or erection of the billboard.
             173          (d) (i) If a county is considered to have initiated the acquisition of a billboard structure
             174      by eminent domain under Subsection (1)(a) or any other provision of applicable law, the county
             175      shall pay just compensation for outdoor advertising and all associated property rights pertaining
             176      to the outdoor advertising in an amount that is the greater of:
             177          (A) the value of the billboard in its present location; and
             178          (B) the value that the billboard owner projects the billboard to have in the proposed
             179      location for which the owner made application.
             180          (ii) The just compensation that a county is required to pay under Subsection (1)(d)(i)
             181      includes:
             182          (A) the consideration of the greater of:


             183          (I) past revenue, less rent expense; and
             184          (II) projected future revenue, less rent expense;
             185          (B) any property right associated with the billboard structure that is acquired;
             186          (C) the cost of the sign structure; and
             187          (D) damage to the economic unit consisting of:
             188          (I) the billboard structure actually taken; and
             189          (II) remaining property, contiguous and not contiguous, to the outdoor advertising sign
             190      company's interest.
             191          (2) Notwithstanding Subsection (1) and Section 17-27a-511 , a county may remove a
             192      billboard without providing compensation if:
             193          (a) the county determines:
             194          (i) by clear and convincing evidence that the applicant for a permit intentionally made a
             195      false or misleading statement in the applicant's application regarding the placement or erection
             196      of the billboard; or
             197          (ii) by substantial evidence that the billboard:
             198          (A) is structurally unsafe;
             199          (B) is in an unreasonable state of repair; or
             200          (C) has been abandoned for at least 12 months;
             201          (b) the county notifies the owner in writing that the owner's billboard meets one or
             202      more of the conditions listed in Subsections (2)(a)(i) and (ii);
             203          (c) the owner fails to remedy the condition or conditions within:
             204          (i) except as provided in Subsection (2)(c)(ii), 90 days following the billboard owner's
             205      receipt of written notice under Subsection (2)(b); or
             206          (ii) if the condition forming the basis of the county's intention to remove the billboard
             207      is that it is structurally unsafe, ten business days, or a longer period if necessary because of a
             208      natural disaster, following the billboard owner's receipt of written notice under Subsection
             209      (2)(b); and
             210          (d) following the expiration of the applicable period under Subsection (2)(c) and after
             211      providing the owner with reasonable notice of proceedings and an opportunity for a hearing,
             212      the county finds:
             213          (i) by clear and convincing evidence, that the applicant for a permit intentionally made


             214      a false or misleading statement in the application regarding the placement or erection of the
             215      billboard; or
             216          (ii) by substantial evidence that the billboard is structurally unsafe, is in an
             217      unreasonable state of repair, or has been abandoned for at least 12 months.
             218          (3) A county may not allow a nonconforming billboard to be rebuilt or replaced by
             219      anyone other than its owner or the owner acting through its contractors.
             220          (4) A permit issued, extended, or renewed by a county for a billboard remains valid
             221      from the time the county issues, extends, or renews the permit until 180 days after a required
             222      state permit is issued for the billboard if:
             223          (a) the billboard requires a state permit; and
             224          (b) an application for the state permit is filed within 30 days after the county issues,
             225      extends, or renews a permit for the billboard.




Legislative Review Note
    as of 2-13-09 3:16 PM


Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel


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