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H.B. 136

This document includes House Committee Amendments incorporated into the bill on Mon, Feb 22, 2010 at 11:56 AM by jeyring. -->              1     




Chief Sponsor: Michael E. Noel

Senate Sponsor: Jon J. Greiner

             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill modifies the Code of Criminal Procedure regarding jail as a term of probation.
             10      Highlighted Provisions:
             11          This bill:
             12          .    provides that when an offender is sentenced to serve time in a county jail, as a
             13      condition of felony probation, the jail provisions shall be arranged for by contract
             14      between the Department of Corrections and the county jail.
             15      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             16          None
             17      Other Special Clauses:
             18          None
             19      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             20      AMENDS:
             21          77-18-1, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2009, Chapter 81
             23      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             24          Section 1. Section 77-18-1 is amended to read:
             25           77-18-1. Suspension of sentence -- Pleas held in abeyance -- Probation --
             26      Supervision -- Presentence investigation -- Standards -- Confidentiality -- Terms and
             27      conditions -- Termination, revocation, modification, or extension -- Hearings -- Electronic

             28      monitoring.
             29          (1) On a plea of guilty or no contest entered by a defendant in conjunction with a plea
             30      in abeyance agreement, the court may hold the plea in abeyance as provided in Title 77,
             31      Chapter 2a, Pleas in Abeyance, and under the terms of the plea in abeyance agreement.
             32          (2) (a) On a plea of guilty, guilty and mentally ill, no contest, or conviction of any
             33      crime or offense, the court may, after imposing sentence, suspend the execution of the sentence
             34      and place the defendant on probation. The court may place the defendant:
             35          (i) on probation under the supervision of the Department of Corrections except in cases
             36      of class C misdemeanors or infractions;
             37          (ii) on probation with an agency of local government or with a private organization; or
             38          (iii) on bench probation under the jurisdiction of the sentencing court.
             39          (b) (i) The legal custody of all probationers under the supervision of the department is
             40      with the department.
             41          (ii) The legal custody of all probationers under the jurisdiction of the sentencing court
             42      is vested as ordered by the court.
             43          (iii) The court has continuing jurisdiction over all probationers.
             44          (3) (a) The department shall establish supervision and presentence investigation
             45      standards for all individuals referred to the department. These standards shall be based on:
             46          (i) the type of offense;
             47          (ii) the demand for services;
             48          (iii) the availability of agency resources;
             49          (iv) the public safety; and
             50          (v) other criteria established by the department to determine what level of services
             51      shall be provided.
             52          (b) Proposed supervision and investigation standards shall be submitted to the Judicial
             53      Council and the Board of Pardons and Parole on an annual basis for review and comment prior
             54      to adoption by the department.
             55          (c) The Judicial Council and the department shall establish procedures to implement
             56      the supervision and investigation standards.
             57          (d) The Judicial Council and the department shall annually consider modifications to
             58      the standards based upon criteria in Subsection (3)(a) and other criteria as they consider

             59      appropriate.
             60          (e) The Judicial Council and the department shall annually prepare an impact report
             61      and submit it to the appropriate legislative appropriations subcommittee.
             62          (4) Notwithstanding other provisions of law, the department is not required to
             63      supervise the probation of persons convicted of class B or C misdemeanors or infractions or to
             64      conduct presentence investigation reports on class C misdemeanors or infractions. However,
             65      the department may supervise the probation of class B misdemeanants in accordance with
             66      department standards.
             67          (5) (a) Prior to the imposition of any sentence, the court may, with the concurrence of
             68      the defendant, continue the date for the imposition of sentence for a reasonable period of time
             69      for the purpose of obtaining a presentence investigation report from the department or
             70      information from other sources about the defendant.
             71          (b) The presentence investigation report shall include a victim impact statement
             72      according to guidelines set in Section 77-38a-203 describing the effect of the crime on the
             73      victim and the victim's family.
             74          (c) The presentence investigation report shall include a specific statement of pecuniary
             75      damages, accompanied by a recommendation from the department regarding the payment of
             76      restitution with interest by the defendant in accordance with Title 77, Chapter 38a, Crime
             77      Victims Restitution Act.
             78          (d) The presentence investigation report shall include:
             79          (i) findings from any screening and any assessment of the offender conducted under
             80      Section 77-18-1.1 ; and
             81          (ii) recommendations for treatment of the offender.
             82          (e) The contents of the presentence investigation report are protected and are not
             83      available except by court order for purposes of sentencing as provided by rule of the Judicial
             84      Council or for use by the department.
             85          (6) (a) The department shall provide the presentence investigation report to the
             86      defendant's attorney, or the defendant if not represented by counsel, the prosecutor, and the
             87      court for review, three working days prior to sentencing. Any alleged inaccuracies in the
             88      presentence investigation report, which have not been resolved by the parties and the
             89      department prior to sentencing, shall be brought to the attention of the sentencing judge, and

             90      the judge may grant an additional 10 working days to resolve the alleged inaccuracies of the
             91      report with the department. If after 10 working days the inaccuracies cannot be resolved, the
             92      court shall make a determination of relevance and accuracy on the record.
             93          (b) If a party fails to challenge the accuracy of the presentence investigation report at
             94      the time of sentencing, that matter shall be considered to be waived.
             95          (7) At the time of sentence, the court shall receive any testimony, evidence, or
             96      information the defendant or the prosecuting attorney desires to present concerning the
             97      appropriate sentence. This testimony, evidence, or information shall be presented in open court
             98      on record and in the presence of the defendant.
             99          (8) While on probation, and as a condition of probation, the court may require that the
             100      defendant:
             101          (a) perform any or all of the following:
             102          (i) pay, in one or several sums, any fine imposed at the time of being placed on
             103      probation;
             104          (ii) pay amounts required under Title 77, Chapter 32a, Defense Costs;
             105          (iii) provide for the support of others for whose support the defendant is legally liable;
             106          (iv) participate in available treatment programs, including any treatment program in
             107      which the defendant is currently participating, if the program is acceptable to the court;
             108          (v) (A) serve a period of time, not to exceed one year, in a county jail designated by the
             109      department, after considering any recommendation by the court as to which jail the court finds
             110      most appropriate; and
             111          (B) if the defendant is serving the sentence under Subsection (8)(a)(v)(A) for a felony
             112      conviction, the H. department shall contract with the .H county jail H. [ shall be arranged
             112a      for by contract between the department and the
             113      county jail
] under the contract procedure and terms of Section 64-13e-103 regarding contracts

             113a      for housing state inmates .H ;
             114          (vi) serve a term of home confinement, which may include the use of electronic
             115      monitoring;
             116          (vii) participate in compensatory service restitution programs, including the
             117      compensatory service program provided in Section 76-6-107.1 ;
             118          (viii) pay for the costs of investigation, probation, and treatment services;
             119          (ix) make restitution or reparation to the victim or victims with interest in accordance
             120      with Title 77, Chapter 38a, Crime Victims Restitution Act; and

             121          (x) comply with other terms and conditions the court considers appropriate; and
             122          (b) if convicted on or after May 5, 1997:
             123          (i) complete high school classwork and obtain a high school graduation diploma, a
             124      GED certificate, or a vocational certificate at the defendant's own expense if the defendant has
             125      not received the diploma, GED certificate, or vocational certificate prior to being placed on
             126      probation; or
             127          (ii) provide documentation of the inability to obtain one of the items listed in
             128      Subsection (8)(b)(i) because of:
             129          (A) a diagnosed learning disability; or
             130          (B) other justified cause.
             131          (9) The department shall collect and disburse the account receivable as defined by
             132      Section 76-3-201.1 , with interest and any other costs assessed under Section 64-13-21 during:
             133          (a) the parole period and any extension of that period in accordance with Subsection
             134      77-27-6 (4); and
             135          (b) the probation period in cases for which the court orders supervised probation and
             136      any extension of that period by the department in accordance with Subsection (10).
             137          (10) (a) (i) Probation may be terminated at any time at the discretion of the court or
             138      upon completion without violation of 36 months probation in felony or class A misdemeanor
             139      cases, or 12 months in cases of class B or C misdemeanors or infractions.
             140          (ii) (A) If, upon expiration or termination of the probation period under Subsection
             141      (10)(a)(i), there remains an unpaid balance upon the account receivable as defined in Section
             142      76-3-201.1 , the court may retain jurisdiction of the case and continue the defendant on bench
             143      probation for the limited purpose of enforcing the payment of the account receivable.
             144          (B) In accordance with Section 77-18-6 , the court shall record in the registry of civil
             145      judgments any unpaid balance not already recorded and immediately transfer responsibility to
             146      collect the account to the Office of State Debt Collection.
             147          (iii) Upon motion of the Office of State Debt Collection, prosecutor, victim, or upon its
             148      own motion, the court may require the defendant to show cause why the defendant's failure to
             149      pay should not be treated as contempt of court.
             150          (b) (i) The department shall notify the sentencing court, the Office of State Debt
             151      Collection, and the prosecuting attorney in writing in advance in all cases when termination of

             152      supervised probation will occur by law.
             153          (ii) The notification shall include a probation progress report and complete report of
             154      details on outstanding accounts receivable.
             155          (11) (a) (i) Any time served by a probationer outside of confinement after having been
             156      charged with a probation violation and prior to a hearing to revoke probation does not
             157      constitute service of time toward the total probation term unless the probationer is exonerated
             158      at a hearing to revoke the probation.
             159          (ii) Any time served in confinement awaiting a hearing or decision concerning
             160      revocation of probation does not constitute service of time toward the total probation term
             161      unless the probationer is exonerated at the hearing.
             162          (b) The running of the probation period is tolled upon the filing of a violation report
             163      with the court alleging a violation of the terms and conditions of probation or upon the issuance
             164      of an order to show cause or warrant by the court.
             165          (12) (a) (i) Probation may not be modified or extended except upon waiver of a hearing
             166      by the probationer or upon a hearing and a finding in court that the probationer has violated the
             167      conditions of probation.
             168          (ii) Probation may not be revoked except upon a hearing in court and a finding that the
             169      conditions of probation have been violated.
             170          (b) (i) Upon the filing of an affidavit alleging with particularity facts asserted to
             171      constitute violation of the conditions of probation, the court that authorized probation shall
             172      determine if the affidavit establishes probable cause to believe that revocation, modification, or
             173      extension of probation is justified.
             174          (ii) If the court determines there is probable cause, it shall cause to be served on the
             175      defendant a warrant for the defendant's arrest or a copy of the affidavit and an order to show
             176      cause why the defendant's probation should not be revoked, modified, or extended.
             177          (c) (i) The order to show cause shall specify a time and place for the hearing and shall
             178      be served upon the defendant at least five days prior to the hearing.
             179          (ii) The defendant shall show good cause for a continuance.
             180          (iii) The order to show cause shall inform the defendant of a right to be represented by
             181      counsel at the hearing and to have counsel appointed if the defendant is indigent.
             182          (iv) The order shall also inform the defendant of a right to present evidence.

             183          (d) (i) At the hearing, the defendant shall admit or deny the allegations of the affidavit.
             184          (ii) If the defendant denies the allegations of the affidavit, the prosecuting attorney
             185      shall present evidence on the allegations.
             186          (iii) The persons who have given adverse information on which the allegations are
             187      based shall be presented as witnesses subject to questioning by the defendant unless the court
             188      for good cause otherwise orders.
             189          (iv) The defendant may call witnesses, appear and speak in the defendant's own behalf,
             190      and present evidence.
             191          (e) (i) After the hearing the court shall make findings of fact.
             192          (ii) Upon a finding that the defendant violated the conditions of probation, the court
             193      may order the probation revoked, modified, continued, or that the entire probation term
             194      commence anew.
             195          (iii) If probation is revoked, the defendant shall be sentenced or the sentence previously
             196      imposed shall be executed.
             197          (13) The court may order the defendant to commit himself to the custody of the
             198      Division of Substance Abuse and Mental Health for treatment at the Utah State Hospital as a
             199      condition of probation or stay of sentence, only after the superintendent of the Utah State
             200      Hospital or the superintendent's designee has certified to the court that:
             201          (a) the defendant is appropriate for and can benefit from treatment at the state hospital;
             202          (b) treatment space at the hospital is available for the defendant; and
             203          (c) persons described in Subsection 62A-15-610 (2)(g) are receiving priority for
             204      treatment over the defendants described in this Subsection (13).
             205          (14) Presentence investigation reports are classified protected in accordance with Title
             206      63G, Chapter 2, Government Records Access and Management Act. Notwithstanding Sections
             207      63G-2-403 and 63G-2-404 , the State Records Committee may not order the disclosure of a
             208      presentence investigation report. Except for disclosure at the time of sentencing pursuant to
             209      this section, the department may disclose the presentence investigation only when:
             210          (a) ordered by the court pursuant to Subsection 63G-2-202 (7);
             211          (b) requested by a law enforcement agency or other agency approved by the department
             212      for purposes of supervision, confinement, and treatment of the offender;
             213          (c) requested by the Board of Pardons and Parole;

             214          (d) requested by the subject of the presentence investigation report or the subject's
             215      authorized representative; or
             216          (e) requested by the victim of the crime discussed in the presentence investigation
             217      report or the victim's authorized representative, provided that the disclosure to the victim shall
             218      include only information relating to statements or materials provided by the victim, to the
             219      circumstances of the crime including statements by the defendant, or to the impact of the crime
             220      on the victim or the victim's household.
             221          (15) (a) The court shall consider home confinement as a condition of probation under
             222      the supervision of the department, except as provided in Sections 76-3-406 and 76-5-406.5 .
             223          (b) The department shall establish procedures and standards for home confinement,
             224      including electronic monitoring, for all individuals referred to the department in accordance
             225      with Subsection (16).
             226          (16) (a) If the court places the defendant on probation under this section, it may order
             227      the defendant to participate in home confinement through the use of electronic monitoring as
             228      described in this section until further order of the court.
             229          (b) The electronic monitoring shall alert the department and the appropriate law
             230      enforcement unit of the defendant's whereabouts.
             231          (c) The electronic monitoring device shall be used under conditions which require:
             232          (i) the defendant to wear an electronic monitoring device at all times; and
             233          (ii) that a device be placed in the home of the defendant, so that the defendant's
             234      compliance with the court's order may be monitored.
             235          (d) If a court orders a defendant to participate in home confinement through electronic
             236      monitoring as a condition of probation under this section, it shall:
             237          (i) place the defendant on probation under the supervision of the Department of
             238      Corrections;
             239          (ii) order the department to place an electronic monitoring device on the defendant and
             240      install electronic monitoring equipment in the residence of the defendant; and
             241          (iii) order the defendant to pay the costs associated with home confinement to the
             242      department or the program provider.
             243          (e) The department shall pay the costs of home confinement through electronic
             244      monitoring only for those persons who have been determined to be indigent by the court.

             245          (f) The department may provide the electronic monitoring described in this section
             246      either directly or by contract with a private provider.

Legislative Review Note
    as of 1-29-10 4:46 PM

Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel

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