Download Zipped Amended WordPerfect HB0146.ZIP
[Introduced][Status][Bill Documents][Fiscal Note][Bills Directory]

H.B. 146

This document includes House Floor Amendments incorporated into the bill on Wed, Mar 3, 2010 at 11:57 AM by jeyring. --> This document includes Senate 2nd Reading Floor Amendments incorporated into the bill on Wed, Mar 10, 2010 at 5:56 PM by rday. -->              1     





Chief Sponsor: Michael E. Noel

Senate Sponsor: Mark B. Madsen

             8      LONG TITLE
             9      General Description:
             10          This bill modifies the Public Safety Code regarding functions of federal officers within
             11      Utah.
             12      Highlighted Provisions:
             13          This bill:
             14          .    defines federally managed land H. ;
             14a          . defines federal employee as a person who works for an agency that manages
             14b      federal land;
             14c          . defines federal agency as an agency that manages federal land .H ;
             15          .    provides that unless specified under Utah law, federal employees may only exercise
             16      law enforcement authority authorized by federal statute and consistent with the
             17      United States Constitution;
             18          .    provides that Utah does not recognize federal H. [ law enforcement ] agency .H
             18a      authority beyond
             19      that necessary to manage, use, and protect federally managed lands;
             20          .    provides that Utah does not authorize federal H. [ law ] .H enforcement action or
             20a      prosecution
             21      based on Utah law H. S. by federal agencies, as defined in this bill, .S , except as
             21a      authorized by S. [ this bill ] agreement with the appropriate state or local law enforcement
             21b      agency .S .H ;
             22          .    authorizes state and local law enforcement agencies to assist in enforcing federal
             23      law on federally managed lands by authorized contract;
             24          .    provides that agreements with H. [ the ] a .H federal H. [ law enforcement ] .H
             24a      agency S. , as defined in this bill, .S may not be for
             25      longer than H. [ one year ] two years .H ;
             26          .    provides that state and local law enforcement agencies may not allow federal H. [ law
             27      enforcement
] .H
agencies to use state or local resources without the written consent of

             28      the head of the state or local law enforcement agency; H. and .H
             29          .    requires the county sheriff to review the activities of any federal H. [ law ] .H
             29a      enforcement
             30      agency within the county and report to the county attorney H. [ ; and
             31          .    authorizes the attorney general and county and district attorneys to prosecute federal
             32      law enforcement employees for acting:
             33              .    beyond the scope of federal law; or
             34              .    if the federal law is not consistent with the Constitution of the United States
] .H
             35      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             36          None
             37      Other Special Clauses:
             38          None
             39      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             40      AMENDS:
             41          53-13-102, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 1998, Chapter 282
             42          53-13-106, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 382
             43      ENACTS:
             44          53-13-106.5, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             46      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             47          Section 1. Section 53-13-102 is amended to read:
             48           53-13-102. Peace officer classifications.
             49          The following officers may exercise peace officer authority only as specifically
             50      authorized by law:
             51          (1) law enforcement officers;
             52          (2) correctional officers;
             53          (3) special function officers; and
             54          (4) federal officers S. [ , as limited by Sections 53-13-106 and 53-13-106.5 ] .S .
             55          Section 2. Section 53-13-106 is amended to read:
             56           53-13-106. Federal officers -- State law enforcement authority.
             57          (1) (a) "Federal officer" includes:
             58          (i) a special agent of the Federal Bureau of Investigation;

             59          (ii) a special agent of the United States Secret Service;
             60          (iii) a special agent of the United States Department of Homeland Security, excluding a
             61      customs inspector or detention removal officer;
             62          (iv) a special agent of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms;
             63          (v) a special agent of the Drug Enforcement Administration;
             64          (vi) a United States marshal, deputy marshal, and special deputy United States marshal;
             65      and
             66          (vii) a U.S. Postal Inspector of the United States Postal Inspection Service.
             67          (b) S. [ Notwithstanding Subsection (2), federal ] (i) Federal .S officers listed in
             67a      Subsection (1)(a) have
             68      S. [ [ ] statewide [ ] ] .S law enforcement authority relating to felony offenses under the laws of
             68a      this state
             69      S. [ only as established by agreement under Section 53-13-106.5 . ] . This Subsection (1)(b)(i) takes
             69a      precedence over Subsection (2).
 (ii) Federal agencies and federal employees as defined in Subsection 53-13-106.5(1) may
             69c      exercise law enforcement authority related to felony offenses under Utah law only as
             69d      established by an agreement under Subsection 53-13-106.5(7). This Subsection (1)(b)(ii) takes
             69e      precedence over Subsection (2).  .S
             70          (c) The council may designate other federal peace officers, as necessary S. [ , and as limited
             71      by Section 53-13-106.5
] .S
, if the officers:
             72          (i) are persons employed full-time by the United States government as federally
             73      recognized law enforcement officers primarily responsible for the investigation and
             74      enforcement of the federal laws;
             75          (ii) have successfully completed formal law enforcement training offered by an agency
             76      of the federal government consisting of not less than 400 hours; and
             77          (iii) maintain in-service training in accordance with the standards set forth in Section
             78      53-13-103 .
             79          (2) Except as otherwise provided under Title 63L, Chapter [8] 1, Federal Jurisdiction,
             80      and Title 77, Chapter 9, Uniform Act on Fresh Pursuit, a federal officer may exercise state law
             81      enforcement authority only if:
             82          (a) the state law enforcement agencies and county sheriffs with jurisdiction enter into
             83      an agreement with the federal agency to be given authority; and
             84          (b) except as provided in Subsection (3), each federal officer employed by the federal

             85      agency meets the waiver requirements set forth in Section 53-6-206 .

             86          (3) A federal officer working as such in the state on or before July 1, 1995, may
             87      exercise state law enforcement authority without meeting the waiver requirement.
             88          (4) At any time, consistent with any contract with a federal agency, a state or local law
             89      enforcement authority may withdraw state law enforcement authority from any individual

             90      federal officer by sending written notice to the federal agency and to the division.
             91          (5) The authority of a federal officer under this section is limited to the jurisdiction of
             92      the authorizing state or local agency, and may be further limited by the state or local agency to
             93      enforcing specific statutes, codes, or ordinances.
             94          Section 3. Section 53-13-106.5 is enacted to read:
             95          53-13-106.5. State limitations on functions of federal law enforcement officers.
             96          (1) As used in this section H. [ , "federally ] :
             96a          (a) "Federal agency" means a federal agency that manages federally managed land.
             96b          (b) "Federal employee" means an employee of:
             96c          (i) the Bureau of Land Management;
             96d          (ii) the United States Forest Service; or
             96e          (iii) the National Park Service; and
             96f          (c) "Federally .H managed land" means land managed by the
             97      following federal agencies:
             98           H. [ (a) ] (i) .H Bureau of Land Management;
             99           H. [ (b) ] (ii) .H United States Forest Service; and
             100           H. [ (c) ] (iii) .H the National Park Service.
             101          (2) Unless otherwise provided by Utah law, federal employees performing their duties
             102      in Utah:
             103          (a) may not exercise law enforcement authority solely because the land on which they
             104      exercise the authority is federally managed; and
             105          (b) may exercise only law enforcement authority:
             106          (i) expressly granted by federal statute; and
             107          (ii) consistent with the Constitution of the United States.
             108          (3) H. [ (a) ] .H Utah does not authorize federal employees to exercise law
             108a      enforcement powers
             109      to enforce the laws of Utah, either on or off federally managed land H. [ .
             110          (b) This Subsection (3) takes precedence over any other Utah law.
] except as authorized

             110a      under this section or other provisions of state statute. .H
             111          (4) (a) Utah does not recognize the authority of employees or agents of the United
             112      States Department of Interior to exercise law enforcement powers beyond those powers strictly
             113      necessary for the management, use, and protection of federally managed lands, including
             114      property located on these lands, as limited by 43 U.S.C. 1733(a) and 1733(c)(2).
             115          (b) As required by Congress in 43 U.S.C. 1733(c)(1), when the Secretary of Interior
             116      determines that state or local assistance is necessary in enforcing federal laws and regulations
             117      relating to federally managed lands or the resources on those lands, the secretary shall offer a
             118      contract to appropriate state or local law enforcement agencies of the state with the purpose of
             119      achieving maximum feasible reliance upon state or local law enforcement officials in enforcing
             120      the federal laws and regulations.

             121          (5) Utah does not authorize federal employees to take action based on the Utah Code,
             122      Utah Administrative Rules, or county or municipal ordinances as a basis to arrest S. [ , ] or .S cite
             122a      S. [ , or
             123      prosecute
] .S
persons S. for prosecution .S in the federal criminal justice system, unless the
             123a      action:
             124          (a) has been expressly granted by federal statute; and
             125          (b) is consistent with the Constitution of the United States.
             126           S. [ (6) (a) Utah and its political subdivisions may choose to not comply with or implement
             127      federal mandates which purport to require that state and local law enforcement agencies
             128      enforce unconstitutional federal laws and related regulations, except as specifically provided in
             129      Utah law and under Subsection (6)(b).
             130          (b) This Subsection (6) does not prohibit state and local law enforcement agencies
             131      from entering into contracts with the Secretary of Interior pursuant to 43 U.S.C. 1733(c)(1).

             132           [ (7) ] (6) .S State and local government agencies may not allow any federal agency
             132a      access to or
             133      use of the S. correctional and communication .S facilities and equipment of any state or local
             133a      law enforcement agency without the
             134      express written consent of the S. [ head ] appropriate responsible official .S of the state or local
             134a      law enforcement agency.
             135           S. [ (8) ] (7) .S State and local law enforcement agencies may S. [ not ] .S enter into
             135a      agreements with
             136      federal agencies granting concurrent authority to enforce federal laws and state and local laws,
             137      S. [ unless ] provided .S the agreements are limited to a term not to exceed H. [ one year ] two
             137a      years .H .
             138           S. [ (9) ] (8) .S (a) County sheriffs shall regularly review the duties and activities of federal
             139      agencies that have law enforcement responsibilities and that are acting within the jurisdictional
             140      area of the county to ascertain whether the federal agencies are acting consistently with this
             141      section.
             142          (b) County sheriffs shall annually report to the county attorney or district attorney of
             143      their jurisdiction the results of all reviews conducted under this Subsection S. [ (9) ] (8) .S .
             144           H. [ (c) The Utah Attorney General and county and district attorneys are authorized to
             145      prosecute federal employees under state law governing the unauthorized exercise of law
             146      enforcement powers when the federal employees are found to be exercising law enforcement
             147      powers:
             148          (i) that exceed those authorized by federal law; and
             149          (ii) that are not consistent with the Constitution of the United States.
] .H

Legislative Review Note
    as of 11-16-09 6:41 AM

Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel

[Bill Documents][Bills Directory]