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H.B. 14 Enrolled

             1     

JUVENILE TRANSFERS FROM JUSTICE

             2     
COURT

             3     
2010 GENERAL SESSION

             4     
STATE OF UTAH

             5     
Chief Sponsor: Kay L. McIff

             6     
Senate Sponsor: Ralph Okerlund

             7     
             8      LONG TITLE
             9      General Description:
             10          This bill allows a justice court judge to transfer a matter concerning a child to the
             11      juvenile court if the justice court judge determines the transfer is in the child's best
             12      interest.
             13      Highlighted Provisions:
             14          This bill:
             15          .    provides discretion to a justice court judge to transfer a matter concerning a child
             16      from justice court to juvenile court.
             17      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             18          None
             19      Other Special Clauses:
             20          None
             21      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             22      AMENDS:
             23          78A-7-106, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapters 115, 327 and
             24      renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             25     
             26      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             27          Section 1. Section 78A-7-106 is amended to read:
             28           78A-7-106. Jurisdiction.
             29          (1) Justice courts have jurisdiction over class B and C misdemeanors, violation of


             30      ordinances, and infractions committed within their territorial jurisdiction by a person 18 years
             31      of age or older.
             32          (2) Except those offenses over which the juvenile court has exclusive jurisdiction,
             33      justice courts have jurisdiction over the following class B and C misdemeanors, violation of
             34      ordinances, and infractions committed within their territorial jurisdiction by a person 16 years
             35      of age or older:
             36          (a) Title 23, Wildlife Resources Code of Utah;
             37          (b) Title 41, Chapter 1a, Motor Vehicle Act;
             38          (c) Title 41, Chapter 6a, Traffic Code;
             39          (d) Title 41, Chapter 12a, [Motor Vehicle Financial Responsibility Act] Financial
             40      Responsibility of Motor Vehicle Owners and Operators Act;
             41          (e) Title 41, Chapter 22, Off-Highway Vehicles;
             42          (f) Title 73, Chapter 18, [Safe] State Boating Act;
             43          (g) Title 73, Chapter 18a, Boating - Litter and Pollution Control;
             44          (h) Title 73, Chapter 18b, Water Safety; and
             45          (i) Title 73, Chapter 18c, Financial Responsibility of Motorboat Owners and Operators
             46      Act.
             47          (3) Justice Courts have jurisdiction over class C misdemeanor violations of Title 53,
             48      Chapter 3, Part 2, Driver Licensing Act.
             49          (4) As used in this section, "the court's jurisdiction" means the territorial jurisdiction
             50      of a justice court.
             51          (5) An offense is committed within the territorial jurisdiction of a justice court if:
             52          (a) conduct constituting an element of the offense or a result constituting an element
             53      of the offense occurs within the court's jurisdiction, regardless of whether the conduct or result
             54      is itself unlawful;
             55          (b) either a person committing an offense or a victim of an offense is located within
             56      the court's jurisdiction at the time the offense is committed;
             57          (c) either a cause of injury occurs within the court's jurisdiction or the injury occurs


             58      within the court's jurisdiction;
             59          (d) a person commits any act constituting an element of an inchoate offense within the
             60      court's jurisdiction, including an agreement in a conspiracy;
             61          (e) a person solicits, aids, or abets, or attempts to solicit, aid, or abet another person in
             62      the planning or commission of an offense within the court's jurisdiction;
             63          (f) the investigation of the offense does not readily indicate in which court's
             64      jurisdiction the offense occurred, and:
             65          (i) the offense is committed upon or in any railroad car, vehicle, watercraft, or aircraft
             66      passing within the court's jurisdiction;
             67          (ii) (A) the offense is committed on or in any body of water bordering on or within this
             68      state if the territorial limits of the justice court are adjacent to the body of water; and
             69          (B) as used in Subsection [(3)] (5)(f)(ii)(A), "body of water" includes any stream,
             70      river, lake, or reservoir, whether natural or man-made;
             71          (iii) a person who commits theft exercises control over the affected property within the
             72      court's jurisdiction; or
             73          (iv) the offense is committed on or near the boundary of the court's jurisdiction;
             74          (g) the offense consists of an unlawful communication that was initiated or received
             75      within the court's jurisdiction; or
             76          (h) jurisdiction is otherwise specifically provided by law.
             77          (6) Justice courts have jurisdiction of small claims cases under Title 78A, Chapter 8,
             78      Small Claims Courts, if a defendant resides in or the debt arose within the territorial
             79      jurisdiction of the justice court.
             80          (7) A justice court judge may transfer a matter in which the defendant is a child to the
             81      juvenile court for further proceedings [after judgment in the justice court] if the justice court
             82      judge determines and the juvenile court concurs that the best interests of the child would be
             83      served by the continuing jurisdiction of the juvenile court.


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