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H.B. 115 Enrolled






Chief Sponsor: Kraig Powell

Senate Sponsor: Kevin T. Van Tassell

             8      LONG TITLE
             9      General Description:
             10          This bill provides limitations on the scope of services available to indigents through
             11      appointed counsel in juvenile court.
             12      Highlighted Provisions:
             13          This bill:
             14          .    limits the scope of services the county is responsible for when counsel is appointed
             15      for an indigent in juvenile court to the proceedings for which counsel is appointed.
             16      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             17          None
             18      Other Special Clauses:
             19          None
             20      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             21      AMENDS:
             22          78A-6-306, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 17 and renumbered and
             23      amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             24          78A-6-1111, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
             26      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             27          Section 1. Section 78A-6-306 is amended to read:
             28           78A-6-306. Shelter hearing.
             29          (1) A shelter hearing shall be held within 72 hours excluding weekends and holidays

             30      after any one or all of the following occur:
             31          (a) removal of the child from the child's home by the division;
             32          (b) placement of the child in the protective custody of the division;
             33          (c) emergency placement under Subsection 62A-4a-202.1 (4);
             34          (d) as an alternative to removal of the child, a parent enters a domestic violence shelter
             35      at the request of the division; or
             36          (e) a "Motion for Expedited Placement in Temporary Custody" is filed under
             37      Subsection 78A-6-106 (4).
             38          (2) Upon the occurrence of any of the circumstances described in Subsections (1)(a)
             39      through (e), the division shall issue a notice that contains all of the following:
             40          (a) the name and address of the person to whom the notice is directed;
             41          (b) the date, time, and place of the shelter hearing;
             42          (c) the name of the child on whose behalf a petition is being brought;
             43          (d) a concise statement regarding:
             44          (i) the reasons for removal or other action of the division under Subsection (1); and
             45          (ii) the allegations and code sections under which the proceeding has been instituted;
             46          (e) a statement that the parent or guardian to whom notice is given, and the child, are
             47      entitled to have an attorney present at the shelter hearing, and that if the parent or guardian is
             48      indigent and cannot afford an attorney, and desires to be represented by an attorney, one will
             49      be provided in accordance with the provisions of Section 78A-6-1111 ; and
             50          (f) a statement that the parent or guardian is liable for the cost of support of the child
             51      in the protective custody, temporary custody, and custody of the division, and the cost for
             52      legal counsel appointed for the parent or guardian under Subsection (2)(e), according to the
             53      financial ability of the parent or guardian.
             54          (3) The notice described in Subsection (2) shall be personally served as soon as
             55      possible, but no later than one business day after removal of the child from the child's home,
             56      or the filing of a "Motion for Expedited Placement in Temporary Custody" under Subsection
             57      78A-6-106 (4), on:

             58          (a) the appropriate guardian ad litem; and
             59          (b) both parents and any guardian of the child, unless the parents or guardians cannot
             60      be located.
             61          (4) The following persons shall be present at the shelter hearing:
             62          (a) the child, unless it would be detrimental for the child;
             63          (b) the child's parents or guardian, unless the parents or guardian cannot be located, or
             64      fail to appear in response to the notice;
             65          (c) counsel for the parents, if one is requested;
             66          (d) the child's guardian ad litem;
             67          (e) the caseworker from the division who is assigned to the case; and
             68          (f) the attorney from the attorney general's office who is representing the division.
             69          (5) (a) At the shelter hearing, the court shall:
             70          (i) provide an opportunity to provide relevant testimony to:
             71          (A) the child's parent or guardian, if present; and
             72          (B) any other person having relevant knowledge; and
             73          (ii) subject to Section 78A-6-305 , provide an opportunity for the child to testify.
             74          (b) The court:
             75          (i) may consider all relevant evidence, in accordance with the Utah Rules of Juvenile
             76      Procedure;
             77          (ii) shall hear relevant evidence presented by the child, the child's parent or guardian,
             78      the requesting party, or their counsel; and
             79          (iii) may in its discretion limit testimony and evidence to only that which goes to the
             80      issues of removal and the child's need for continued protection.
             81          (6) If the child is in the protective custody of the division, the division shall report to
             82      the court:
             83          (a) the reason why the child was removed from the parent's or guardian's custody;
             84          (b) any services provided to the child and the child's family in an effort to prevent
             85      removal;

             86          (c) the need, if any, for continued shelter;
             87          (d) the available services that could facilitate the return of the child to the custody of
             88      the child's parent or guardian; and
             89          (e) subject to Subsections 78A-6-307 (18)(c) through (e), whether any relatives of the
             90      child or friends of the child's parents may be able and willing to accept temporary placement
             91      of the child.
             92          (7) The court shall consider all relevant evidence provided by persons or entities
             93      authorized to present relevant evidence pursuant to this section.
             94          (8) (a) If necessary to protect the child, preserve the rights of a party, or for other good
             95      cause shown, the court may grant no more than one continuance, not to exceed five judicial
             96      days.
             97          (b) A court shall honor, as nearly as practicable, the request by a parent or guardian for
             98      a continuance under Subsection (8)(a).
             99          (9) (a) If the child is in the protective custody of the division, the court shall order that
             100      the child be released from the protective custody of the division unless it finds, by a
             101      preponderance of the evidence, that any one of the following exist:
             102          (i) subject to Subsection (9)(b)(i), there is a substantial danger to the physical health or
             103      safety of the child and the child's physical health or safety may not be protected without
             104      removing the child from the custody of the child's parent;
             105          (ii) (A) the child is suffering emotional damage; and
             106          (B) there are no reasonable means available by which the child's emotional health may
             107      be protected without removing the child from the custody of the child's parent;
             108          (iii) there is a substantial risk that the child will suffer abuse or neglect if the child is
             109      not removed from the custody of the child's parents;
             110          (iv) subject to Subsection (9)(b)(ii), the child or a minor residing in the same
             111      household has been, or is considered to be at substantial risk of being, physically abused,
             112      sexually abused, or sexually exploited by a:
             113          (A) parent;

             114          (B) member of the parent's household; or
             115          (C) person known to the parent;
             116          (v) the parent is unwilling to have physical custody of the child;
             117          (vi) the child is without any provision for the child's support;
             118          (vii) a parent who is incarcerated or institutionalized has not or cannot arrange for safe
             119      and appropriate care for the child;
             120          (viii) (A) a relative or other adult custodian with whom the child is left by the parent is
             121      unwilling or unable to provide care or support for the child;
             122          (B) the whereabouts of the parent are unknown; and
             123          (C) reasonable efforts to locate the parent are unsuccessful;
             124          (ix) the child is in urgent need of medical care;
             125          (x) the physical environment or the fact that the child is left unattended beyond a
             126      reasonable period of time poses a threat to the child's health or safety;
             127          (xi) the child or a minor residing in the same household has been neglected;
             128          (xii) the parent, or an adult residing in the same household as the parent, is charged or
             129      arrested pursuant to Title 58, Chapter 37d, Clandestine Drug Lab Act, and any clandestine
             130      laboratory operation was located in the residence or on the property where the child resided; or
             131          (xiii) the child's welfare is substantially endangered.
             132          (b) (i) Prima facie evidence of the finding described in Subsection (9)(a)(i) is
             133      established if:
             134          (A) a court previously adjudicated that the child suffered abuse, neglect, or
             135      dependency involving the parent; and
             136          (B) a subsequent incident of abuse, neglect, or dependency involving the parent
             137      occurs.
             138          (ii) For purposes of Subsection (9)(a)(iv), if the court finds that the parent knowingly
             139      allowed the child to be in the physical care of a person after the parent received actual notice
             140      that the person physically abused, sexually abused, or sexually exploited the child, that fact
             141      constitutes prima facie evidence that there is a substantial risk that the child will be physically

             142      abused, sexually abused, or sexually exploited.
             143          (10) (a) (i) The court shall also make a determination on the record as to whether
             144      reasonable efforts were made to prevent or eliminate the need for removal of the child from the
             145      child's home and whether there are available services that would prevent the need for
             146      continued removal.
             147          (ii) If the court finds that the child can be safely returned to the custody of the child's
             148      parent or guardian through the provision of those services, the court shall place the child with
             149      the child's parent or guardian and order that those services be provided by the division.
             150          (b) In making the determination described in Subsection (10)(a), and in ordering and
             151      providing services, the child's health, safety, and welfare shall be the paramount concern, in
             152      accordance with federal law.
             153          (11) Where the division's first contact with the family occurred during an emergency
             154      situation in which the child could not safely remain at home, the court shall make a finding
             155      that any lack of preplacement preventive efforts was appropriate.
             156          (12) In cases where actual sexual abuse, sexual exploitation, abandonment, severe
             157      abuse, or severe neglect are involved, neither the division nor the court has any duty to make
             158      "reasonable efforts" or to, in any other way, attempt to maintain a child in the child's home,
             159      return a child to the child's home, provide reunification services, or attempt to rehabilitate the
             160      offending parent or parents.
             161          (13) The court may not order continued removal of a child solely on the basis of
             162      educational neglect as described in Subsection 78A-6-105 (25)(b).
             163          (14) (a) Whenever a court orders continued removal of a child under this section, the
             164      court shall state the facts on which that decision is based.
             165          (b) If no continued removal is ordered and the child is returned home, the court shall
             166      state the facts on which that decision is based.
             167          (15) If the court finds that continued removal and temporary custody are necessary for
             168      the protection of a child because harm may result to the child if the child were returned home,
             169      the court shall order continued removal regardless of:

             170          (a) any error in the initial removal of the child;
             171          (b) the failure of a party to comply with notice provisions; or
             172          (c) any other procedural requirement of this chapter or Title 62A, Chapter 4a, Child
             173      and Family Services.
             174          Section 2. Section 78A-6-1111 is amended to read:
             175           78A-6-1111. Right to counsel -- Appointment of counsel for indigent -- Cost --
             176      Court hearing to determine compelling reason to appoint a noncontracting attorney --
             177      Rate of pay.
             178          (1) (a) The parents, guardian, custodian, and the minor, if competent, shall be
             179      informed that they have the right to be represented by counsel at every stage of the
             180      proceedings. They have the right to employ counsel of their own choice and if any of them
             181      requests an attorney and is found by the court to be indigent, counsel shall be appointed by the
             182      court [as provided in Subsection (3)], subject to the provisions of this section. The court may
             183      appoint counsel without a request if it considers representation by counsel necessary to protect
             184      the interest of the minor or of other parties.
             185          (b) The cost of appointed counsel for an indigent minor or other indigent party,
             186      including the cost of counsel and expense of appeal, shall be paid by the county in which the
             187      trial court proceedings are held. Counties may levy and collect taxes for these purposes.
             188          (c) The court shall take into account the income and financial ability to retain counsel
             189      of the parents or guardian of a child in determining the indigency of the child.
             190          (2) If the state or county responsible to provide legal counsel for an indigent under
             191      Subsection (1)(b) has arranged by contract to provide services, the court if it has received
             192      notice or a copy of such contract shall appoint the contracting attorney as legal counsel to
             193      represent that indigent.
             194          (3) In the absence of contrary contractual provisions regarding the selection and
             195      appointment of parental defense counsel, the court shall select and appoint the attorney or
             196      attorneys if:
             197          (a) the contract for indigent legal services is with multiple attorneys; or

             198          (b) the contract is with an additional attorney or attorneys in the event of a conflict of
             199      interest.
             200          (4) If the court considers the appointment of a noncontracting attorney to provide legal
             201      services to an indigent despite the existence of an indigent legal services contract and the court
             202      has a copy or notice of such contract, before the court may make the appointment, it shall:
             203          (a) set the matter for a hearing;
             204          (b) give proper notice to the attorney general and the Office of Child Welfare Parental
             205      Defense created in Section 63A-11-103 ; and
             206          (c) make findings that there is a compelling reason to appoint a noncontracting
             207      attorney before it may make such appointment.
             208          (5) The indigent's mere preference for other counsel [shall] may not be considered a
             209      compelling reason justifying the appointment of a noncontracting attorney.
             210          (6) The court may order a minor, parent, guardian, or custodian for whom counsel is
             211      appointed and the parents or guardian of any child for whom counsel is appointed to
             212      reimburse the county for some or all of the cost of appointed counsel.
             213          (7) (a) Except as provided in Subsections (7)(b) and (c), the court shall order a minor,
             214      parent, guardian, or custodian for whom counsel is appointed and the parents or guardian of
             215      any child for whom counsel is appointed to reimburse the county for the cost of appointed
             216      counsel arising from any work of counsel that is not primarily directed at the state or the
             217      guardian ad litem.
             218          (b) The court may not order reimbursement of the county pursuant to Subsection
             219      (7)(a) for the cost of appointed counsel arising from any work of counsel:
             220          (i) that is specifically undertaken to defend against the filing of a petition to terminate
             221      parental rights, regardless of who filed the petition; and
             222          (ii) that is undertaken after the petition to terminate parental rights has been filed.
             223          (c) The state, or an agency of the state, may not be ordered to reimburse the county
             224      pursuant to Subsection (7)(a).

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